1 Adjective – Comparative – Superlative Form the comparative and superlative forms of a one-syllable adjective by adding –er for

the comparative form and –est for the superlative.
tall cold long Comparative taller colder longer Superlative tallest coldest longest

If the one-syllable adjective ends with an e, just add –r for the comparative form and –st for the superlative form.
large wise Comparative larger wiser Superlative largest wisest

If the one-syllable adjective end with a single consonant with a vowel before it, double the consonant and add –er for the comparative form; and double the consonant and add –est for the superlative form.
big thin fat Comparative bigger thinner fatter Superlative biggest thinnest fattest

Two-syllable adjectives. With most two-syllable adjectives, you form the comparative with more and the superlative with most.
peaceful pleasant careful thoughtful Comparative more peaceful more pleasant more careful more thoughtful Superlative most peaceful most pleasant most careful most thoughtful

If the two-syllable adjectives ends with –y, change the y to i and add –er for the comparative form. For the superlative form change the y to i and add –est. Comparative happier angrier busier Superlative happiest angriest busiest

happy angry busy

Two-syllable adjectives ending in –er, -le, or –ow take –er and –est to form the comparative and superlative forms.
narrow gentle Comparative narrower gentler Superlative narrowest gentlest

2 Adjectives with three or more syllables. For adjectives with three syllables or more, you form the comparative with more and the superlative with most.
generous important intelligent Comparative more generous more important more intelligent Superlative most generous most important most intelligent

Exceptions. Irregular adjectives.
good bad far little many Comparative better worse farther less more Superlative best worst farthest least most

Two-syllable adjectives that follow two rules. These adjectives can be used with -er and -est and with more and most.
clever clever gentle gentle friendly friendly quiet quiet simple simple Comparative cleverer more clever gentler more gentle friendlier more friendly quieter more quiet simpler more simple Superlative cleverest most clever gentlest most gentle friendliest most friendly quietest most quiet simplest most simple

3 How to apply: Adjective big busy exciting pretty tall interesting good happy sad unusual bad short amazing red green sleepy wonderful terrible large hot expensive old fascinating Comparative bigger than busier than more exciting than prettier than taller than more interesting than  better than happier than sadder than more unusual than worse than shorter than more amazing than redder than greener than sleepier than more wonderful than more terrible than larger than hotter than more expensive than older than more fascinating than  Superlative the biggest the busiest the most exciting the prettiest the tallest the most interesting the best the happiest the saddest the most unusual the worst the shortest the most amazing the reddest the greenest the sleepiest the most wonderful the most terrible the largest the hottest the most expensive the oldest the most fascinating

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