List of Nobel laureates by country

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search Laureates of the Nobel Prize listed by country. Listings for Economics refer to the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. In contrast to the Nobel Prize, this award does not originate from the legacy of Alfred Nobel, but was founded by the Swedish central bank in 1968. As of July 2008, 789 individuals and 20 organizations have been awarded these prizes.[1] The list ranks laureates under the country/countries that are stated by the Nobel Prize committee on its website. ] Some laureates are listed under more than one country, because the official website mentions multiple countries in relation to the laureate. ] If a country is merely mentioned as the place of birth, an asterisk(*) is used in the respective listing to indicate this. ] In this case, the birth country is mentioned in italics at the other listings of this laureate. The birth country is the state to which the birth place belonged at the time of birth. Laureate–country connections that are not mentioned at the official website are not considered in this list. Organizations are listed if the Nobel Prize committee relates them to a single country. ]
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Contents
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 1 Algeria 2 Argentina 3 Australia 4 Austria 5 Azerbaijan 6 Bangladesh 7 Belgium 8 Bosnia and Herzegovina 9 Bulgaria 10 Canada 11 China 12 Chile 13 Colombia 14 Costa Rica 15 Croatia 16 Czech Republic 17 Denmark 18 East Timor 19 Egypt 20 Faroe Islands 21 Finland 22 France

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

23 Germany 24 Ghana 25 Greece 26 Guatemala 27 Hungary 28 Iceland 29 India 30 Iran 31 Ireland 32 Israel 33 Italy 34 Japan 35 Kenya 36 Latvia 37 Lithuania 38 Republic of Macedonia 39 Mexico 40 Myanmar 41 Netherlands 42 New Zealand 43 Nigeria 44 Norway 45 Pakistan 46 Palestine 47 Poland 48 Portugal 49 Romania 50 Russia 51 Slovakia 52 Slovenia 53 St Lucia 54 South Africa 55 South Korea 56 Spain 57 Sweden 58 Switzerland 59 Republic Of China (Taiwan) 60 Tibet 61 Trinidad and Tobago 62 Turkey 63 United Kingdom

• • • • •

64 United States 65 Venezuela 66 Vietnam 67 See also 68 References

[edit] Algeria 1. Claude Cohen-Tannoudji*, Physics, 1997 2. Albert Camus*, Literature, 1957 [edit] Argentina 1. César Milstein, Physiology or Medicine, 1984 2. Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, Peace, 1980 3. Luis Federico Leloir, Chemistry, 1970 4. Bernardo Houssay, Physiology or Medicine, 1947 5. Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Peace, 1936 [edit] Australia 1. Barry Marshall, Physiology or Medicine, 2005 2. J. Robin Warren, Physiology or Medicine, 2005 3. Peter C. Doherty, Physiology or Medicine, 1996 4. John Warcup Cornforth, Chemistry, 1975 5. Patrick White, United Kingdom, Literature, 1973 6. John Carew Eccles, Physiology or Medicine, 1963 7. Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Physiology or Medicine, 1960 8. Sir Howard Florey, Physiology or Medicine, 1945 9. William Lawrence Bragg*, Physics, 1915 (youngest recipient of a prize) [edit] Austria 1. International Atomic Energy Agency, International, Austria, 2005 2. Elfriede Jelinek, Literature, 2004 3. Eric R. Kandel*, Physiology or Medicine, 2000 4. Walter Kohn*, Chemistry, 1998 5. Friedrich Hayek, Economics, 1974 6. Konrad Lorenz, Physiology or Medicine, 1973 7. Karl von Frisch*, Physiology or Medicine, 1973

8. Max F. Perutz, Chemistry, 1962 9. Wolfgang Pauli, Physics, 1945 10. Richard Kuhn*, Chemistry 1938 11. Otto Loewi*, Physiology or Medicine, 1936 12. Victor Francis Hess, Physics, 1936 13. Erwin Schrödinger, Physics, 1933 14. Karl Landsteiner, Physiology or Medicine, 1930 15. Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Physiology or Medicine, 1927 16. Richard Adolf Zsigmondy*, Chemistry, 1925 17. Robert Bárány, Physiology or Medicine, 1914, 18. Alfred Hermann Fried, (then Austria-Hungary), Peace, 1911 19. Bertha von Suttner, (then Austria-Hungary now Czech Republic), Peace, 1905

[edit] Azerbaijan 1. Lev Landau, Physics, 1962
[edit] Bangladesh 1. Muhammad Yunus, Peace, 2006 2. Grameen Bank, Peace, 2006

1. 2. Ivo Andrić*, (then Austria-Hungary), Literature, 1961
[edit] Bulgaria 1. Elias Canetti, Literature, 1981 [edit] Canada 1. Robert Mundell, Economics, 1999 2. Myron Scholes*, Economics, 1997 3. William Vickrey*, Economic Sciences, 1996 4. Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, Peace, 1995 5. Bertram N. Brockhouse, Physics, 1994 6. Michael Smith, United Kingdom, Chemistry, 1993 7. Rudolph A. Marcus*, Chemistry, 1992 8. Richard E. Taylor, Physics, 1990 9. Sidney Altman, Chemistry, 1989 10. John C. Polanyi, Chemistry, 1986

11. David H. Hubel*, Physiology or Medicine, 1981 12. Saul Bellow*, Literature, 1976 13. Gerhard Herzberg, Germany, Chemistry, 1971 14. Charles B. Huggins*, Physiology or Medicine, 1966 15. Lester B. Pearson, Peace, 1957 16. William Giauque*, Chemistry, 1949 17. Frederick G. Banting, Physiology or Medicine, 1923

[edit] China 1. Gao Xingjian*, Literature, 2000 2. Daniel C. Tsui*, Physics, 1998 3. Chen Ning Yang, Physics, 1957 4. Tsung-Dao Lee, Physics, 1957 [edit] Chile 1. Pablo Neruda, Literature, 1971 2. Gabriela Mistral, Literature, 1945 [edit] Colombia 1. Gabriel García Márquez, Literature, 1982 [edit] Costa Rica 1. Oscar Arias Sánchez, Peace, 1987 [edit] Croatia 1. Leopold Ružička*, (then Yugoslavia), Chemistry, 1939 [edit] Czech Republic 1. Jaroslav Seifert, Literature, 1984 2. Jaroslav Heyrovský, Chemistry, 1959 3. Carl Ferdinand Cori*, (then Austria-Hungary), Physiology or Medicine, 1947 4. Gerty Cori*, (then Austria-Hungary), Physiology or Medicine, 1947 5. Bertha von Suttner*, (then Austrian-Hungary), Peace, 1905 [edit] Denmark 1. Jens Christian Skou, Chemistry, 1997 2. Niels Kaj Jerne, Physiology or Medicine, 1984 3. Aage Niels Bohr, Physics, 1975 4. Ben Roy Mottelson, Physics, 1975 5. Johannes Vilhelm Jensen, Literature, 1944 6. Henrik Dam, Physiology or Medicine, 1943 7. Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger, Physiology or Medicine, 1926 8. Niels Bohr, Physics, 1922 9. August Krogh, Physiology or Medicine, 1920 10. Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Literature, 1917 11. Henrik Pontoppidan, Literature, 1917 12. Fredrik Bajer, Peace, 1908 13. Niels Ryberg Finsen, Faroe Islands, Physiology or Medicine, 1903 [edit] East Timor 1. Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo, Peace, 1996 2. José Ramos-Horta, Peace, 1996 [edit] Egypt

1. 2. 3. 4.

Mohamed ElBaradei, Peace, 2005 Ahmed Zewail, Chemistry, 1999 Naguib Mahfouz, Literature, 1988 Anwar El Sadat, Peace, 1978

[edit] Faroe Islands 1. Niels Ryberg Finsen*, Physiology or Medicine, 1903 [edit] Finland 1. Martti Ahtisaari, Peace, 2008 2. Ragnar Granit*, Physiology or Medicine, 1967 3. Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Chemistry, 1945 4. Frans Eemil Sillanpää, Literature, 1939 [edit] France 1. J. M. G. Le Clézio, Literature, 2008 2. Luc Montagnier, Physiology or Medicine, 2008 3. Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, Physiology or Medicine, 2008 4. Albert Fert, Physics, 2007 5. Yves Chauvin, Chemistry, 2005 6. Gao Xingjian, China, Literature, 2000 7. Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, Algeria, Physics, 1997 8. Georges Charpak, Physics, 1992 9. Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, Physics, 1991 10. Maurice Allais, Economics, 1988 11. Jean-Marie Lehn, Chemistry, 1987 12. Claude Simon, Madagascar, Literature, 1985 13. Gerard Debreu, Economics, 1983 14. Jean Dausset, Physiology or Medicine, 1980 15. Roger Guillemin*, Physiology or Medicine, 1977 16. Seán MacBride*, Peace, 1974 17. Louis Néel, Physics, 1970 18. René Cassin, Peace, 1968 19. Alfred Kastler, Physics, 1966 20. François Jacob, Physiology or Medicine, 1965 21. Jacques Monod, Physiology or Medicine, 1965 22. André Lwoff, Physiology or Medicine, 1965 23. Jean-Paul Sartre, Literature, 1964 (declined the prize) 24. Saint-John Perse, Literature, 1960 25. Albert Camus, Algeria, Literature, 1957 26. Andre Frederic Cournand, Physiology or Medicine, 1956 27. François Mauriac, Literature, 1952 28. Léon Jouhaux, Peace, 1951 29. André Gide, Literature, 1947 30. Roger Martin du Gard, Literature, 1937 31. Frédéric Joliot, Chemistry, 1935

32. Irène Joliot-Curie, Chemistry, 1935 33. Ivan Bunin, Russia, Literature, 1933 34. Charles Nicolle, Physiology or Medicine, 1928 35. Henri Bergson, Literature, 1927 36. Ferdinand Buisson, Peace, 1927 37. Aristide Briand, Peace, 1926 38. Jean-Baptiste Perrin, Physics, 1926 39. Anatole France, Literature, 1921 40. Léon Bourgeois, Peace, 1920 41. Romain Rolland, Literature, 1915 42. Charles Richet, Physiology or Medicine, 1913 43. Alexis Carrel, Medicine, 1912 44. Paul Sabatier, Chemistry, 1912 45. Victor Grignard, Chemistry, 1912 46. Marie Curie, Russian Poland, Chemistry, 1911 47. Paul-Henri-Benjamin d'Estournelles de Constant, Peace, 1909 48. Gabriel Lippmann*, Luxembourg, Physics, 1908 49. Alphonse Laveran, Physiology or Medicine, 1907 50. Louis Renault, Peace, 1907 51. Henri Moissan, Chemistry, 1906 52. Frédéric Mistral, Literature, 1904 53. Antoine Henri Becquerel, Physics, 1903 54. Pierre Curie, Physics, 1903 55. Marie Curie, Russian Poland, Physics, 1903 56. Frédéric Passy, Peace, 1901 57. Sully Prudhomme, Literature, 1901 [edit] Germany 1. Harald zur Hausen, Physiology or Medicine, 2008 2. Gerhard Ertl, Chemistry, 2007 3. Peter Grünberg, (then Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, now Czech Republic), Physics, 2007 4. Theodor W. Hänsch, Physics, 2005 5. Robert Aumann*, Economics, 2005 6. Wolfgang Ketterle, Physics, 2001 7. Herbert Kroemer, Physics, 2000 8. Günter Blobel*, Physiology or Medicine, 1999 9. Günter Grass, (then Free City of Danzig, now Poland), Literature, 1999 10. Horst L. Störmer, Physics, 1998 11. Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, Physiology or Medicine, 1995 12. Reinhard Selten, Economics, 1994 13. Bert Sakmann, Physiology or Medicine, 1991 14. Erwin Neher, Physiology or Medicine, 1991 15. Hans G. Dehmelt*, Physics, 1989 16. Wolfgang Paul, Physics, 1989 17. Johann Deisenhofer, Chemistry, 1988

18. Robert Huber, Chemistry, 1988 19. Jack Steinberger*, Physics, 1988 20. Hartmut Michel, Chemistry, 1988 21. J. Georg Bednorz, Physics, 1987 22. Ernst Ruska, Physics, 1986 23. Gerd Binnig, Physics, 1986 24. Klaus von Klitzing, Physics, 1985 25. Georges J.F. Kohler*, Physiology or Medicine, 1984 26. Georg Wittig, Chemistry, 1979 27. Arno Penzias*, Physics, 1978 28. Henry Kissinger*, Peace, 1973 29. Ernst Otto Fischer, Chemistry, 1973 30. Karl Ritter von Frisch, (then Austria-Hungary, now Austria), Physiology or

Medicine, 1973 31. Heinrich Böll, Literature, 1972 32. Gerhard Herzberg*, Chemistry, 1971 33. Willy Brandt, Peace, 1971 34. Bernard Katz*, Physiology or Medicine, 1970 35. Max Delbrück*, Physiology or Medicine, 1969 36. Manfred Eigen, Chemistry, 1967 37. Hans Albrecht Bethe*, (now France), Physics, 1967 38. Nelly Sachs*, Literature, 1966 39. Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen, Physiology or Medicine, 1964 40. Konrad Bloch*, Physiology or Medicine, 1964 41. Karl Ziegler, Chemistry, 1963 42. Maria Goeppert-Mayer*, Physics, 1963 43. J. Hans D. Jensen, Physics, 1963 44. Rudolf Mössbauer, Physics, 1961 45. Werner Forssmann, Physiology or Medicine, 1956 46. Max Born*, Physics 1954 47. Walther Bothe, Physics, 1954 48. Hermann Staudinger, Chemistry, 1953 49. Fritz Albert Lipmann*, (then Germany, now Russia), Physiology or Medicine, 1953 50. Hans Adolf Krebs*, Physiology or Medicine, 1953 51. Albert Schweitzer*, Peace, 1952 52. Otto Diels, Chemistry, 1950 53. Kurt Alder, Chemistry, 1950 54. Herman Hesse*, Literature, 1946 55. Ernst Boris Chain*, Physiology or Medicine, 1945

56. Otto Hahn, Chemistry 1944 57. Otto Stern*, Physics, 1943 58. Adolf Butenandt, Chemistry, 1939 59. Gerhard Domagk, Physiology or Medicine, 1939 60. Richard Kuhn, Austria Chemistry 1938 61. Carl von Ossietzky, Peace, 1935 62. Hans Spemann, Physiology or Medicine, 1935 63. Werner Karl Heisenberg, Physics, 1932 64. Otto Heinrich Warburg, Physiology or Medicine, 1931 65. Carl Bosch, Chemistry 1931 66. Friedrich Bergius, Chemistry, 1931 67. Hans Fischer, Chemistry, 1930 68. Thomas Mann, Literature, 1929 69. Hans von Euler-Chelpin*, Chemistry, 1929 70. Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, Chemistry, 1928 71. Ludwig Quidde, (then Bremen), Peace, 1927 72. Heinrich Otto Wieland, Chemistry, 1927 73. Gustav Stresemann, Peace, 1926 74. Richard Adolf Zsigmondy, (then Austrian Empire, now Austria), Chemistry,

1925 75. James Franck, Physics, 1925 76. Gustav Ludwig Hertz, Physics, 1925 77. Otto Fritz Meyerhof, Physiology or Medicine, 1922 78. Albert Einstein, Physics, 1921 79. Walther Nernst, Chemistry, 1920 80. Johannes Stark, Physics, 1919 81. Fritz Haber, Chemistry 1918 82. Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, (then Denmark), Physics, 1918 83. Richard Willstätter, Chemistry, 1915 84. Max von Laue, Physics, 1914 85. Gerhart Hauptmann, (then Prussia, now Poland), Literature, 1912 86. Wilhelm Wien, (then Prussia), Physics, 1911 87. Otto Wallach, Chemistry, 1910 88. Albrecht Kossel, Physiology or Medicine, 1910 89. Paul Johann Ludwig Heyse, (then Prussia), Literature, 1910 90. Karl Ferdinand Braun, Physics, 1909 91. Wilhelm Ostwald, today Latvia, Chemistry, 1909 92. Rudolf Christoph Eucken, (then Hanover), Literature, 1908 93. Paul Ehrlich, Physiology or Medicine, 1908 94. Eduard Buchner, Chemistry, 1907

95. Albert Abraham Michelson*, (then Prussia, now Poland) Physics 1907 96. Robert Koch, Physiology or Medicine, 1905 97. Philipp Lenard, (then Austria-Hungary, now Slovakia), Physics, 1905 98. Adolf von Baeyer, Chemistry, 1905 99. Hermann Emil Fischer, Chemistry, 1902 100.Theodor Mommsen, (then Denmark), Literature, 1902 101.Emil Adolf von Behring, Physiology or Medicine, 1901 102.Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, (then Prussia), Physics, 1901

[edit] Ghana 1. Kofi Annan, Peace, 2001 [edit] Greece 1. Odysseas Elytis, Literature, 1979 2. Giorgos Seferis, Literature, 1963 [edit] Guatemala 1. Rigoberta Menchú, Peace, 1992 2. Miguel Ángel Asturias, Literature, 1967 [edit] Hungary 1. Avram Hershko*, Chemistry, 2004 2. Imre Kertész, Literature, 2002 3. George Andrew Olah*, Chemistry, 1994 4. John Harsanyi*, Economics, 1994 5. Dennis Gabor*, Physics, 1971 6. Eugene Wigner*, Physics, 1963 7. Georg von Békésy*, Physiology or Medicine, 1961 8. George de Hevesy, Chemistry, 1943 9. Albert Szent-Györgyi, Physiology or Medicine, 1937 [edit] Iceland 1. Halldór Laxness, Literature, 1955 [edit] India Main article: Nobel laureates of India 1. Amartya Sen, Economics, 1998 2. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar*, Physics, 1983 3. Mother Teresa, Republic of Macedonia, Peace, 1979 4. Har Gobind Khorana*, Medicine, 1968

5. 6. 7. 8.

C. V. Raman, Physics, 1930 Rabindranath Tagore, Literature, 1913 Rudyard Kipling*, Literature, 1907 Ronald Ross*, Physiology or Medicine, 1902

[edit] Iran 1. Doris Lessing*, Literature, 2007 2. Shirin Ebadi, Peace, 2003 [edit] Ireland 1. Seamus Heaney, Literature, 1995 2. Mairead Corrigan, Peace, 1976 3. Betty Williams, Peace, 1976 4. Seán MacBride, France, Peace, 1974 5. Samuel Beckett, Literature, 1969 6. Ernest Walton, Physics, 1951 7. George Bernard Shaw*, Literature, 1925 8. William Butler Yeats, Literature, 1923 [edit] Israel 1. Robert Aumann, Germany, Economics, 2005 2. Aaron Ciechanover, Chemistry, 2004 3. Avram Hershko, Hungary, Chemistry, 2004 4. Daniel Kahneman, Economics, 2002 5. Yitzhak Rabin, Peace, 1994 6. Shimon Peres, (then Poland, now Belarus), Peace, 1994 7. Menachem Begin, (then Russia, now Belarus), Peace, 1978 8. Shmuel Yosef Agnon, (then Austria-Hungary, now Ukraine), Literature, 1966 [edit] Italy 1. Mario Capecchi*, Physiology or Medicine, 2007 2. Riccardo Giacconi*, Physics, 2002 3. Dario Fo, Literature, 1997 4. Rita Levi-Montalcini, Physiology or Medicine, 1986 5. Franco Modigliani, Economics, 1985 6. Carlo Rubbia, Physics, 1984 7. Renato Dulbecco*, Physiology or Medicine, 1975 8. Eugenio Montale, Literature, 1975 9. Salvador Luria*, Physiology or Medicine, 1969

10. Giulio Natta, Chemistry, 1963 11. Salvatore Quasimodo, Literature, 1959 12. Emilio G. Segrè, Physics, 1959 13. Daniel Bovet, Switzerland, Physiology or Medicine, 1957 14. Enrico Fermi, Physics, 1938 15. Luigi Pirandello, Literature, 1934 16. Grazia Deledda, Literature, 1926 17. Guglielmo Marconi, Physics, 1909 18. Ernesto Teodoro Moneta, Peace, 1907 19. Giosuè Carducci, Literature, 1906 20. Camillo Golgi, Physiology or Medicine, 1906

[edit] Japan 1. Osamu Shimomura*, Chemistry, 2008 2. Makoto Kobayashi, Physics, 2008 3. Toshihide Maskawa, Physics, 2008 4. Yoichiro Nambu*, Physics, 2008 5. Masatoshi Koshiba, Physics, 2002 6. Koichi Tanaka, Chemistry, 2002 7. Ryoji Noyori, Chemistry, 2001 8. Hideki Shirakawa, Chemistry, 2000 9. Kenzaburō Ōe, Literature, 1994 10. Susumu Tonegawa, Physiology or Medicine, 1987 11. Kenichi Fukui, Chemistry, 1981 12. Eisaku Satō, Peace, 1974 13. Leo Esaki, Physics, 1973 14. Yasunari Kawabata, Literature, 1968 15. Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Physics, 1965 16. Hideki Yukawa, Physics, 1949 [edit] Kenya 1. Wangari Maathai, Peace, 2004 [edit] Latvia 1. Wilhelm Ostwald, Chemistry, 1909 [edit] Lithuania 1. Aaron Klug*, Chemistry, 1982 [edit] Republic of Macedonia

1. Mother Teresa*, (then Ottoman Empire), Peace, 1979

[edit] Mexico 1. Mario J. Molina*, Chemistry, 1995 2. Octavio Paz, Literature, 1990 3. Alfonso García Robles, Peace, 1982 [edit] Myanmar 1. Aung San Suu Kyi, (then Burma), Peace, 1991 [edit] Netherlands 1. Martinus J. G. Veltman, Physics, 1999 2. Gerardus 't Hooft, Physics, 1999 3. Paul J. Crutzen, Chemistry, 1995 4. Simon van der Meer, Physics, 1984 5. Nicolaas Bloembergen*, Physics, 1981 6. Tjalling Koopmans, Economics, 1975 7. Nikolaas Tinbergen*, Physiology or Medicine, 1973 8. Jan Tinbergen, Economics, 1969 9. Frits Zernike, Physics, 1953 10. Peter Debye, Chemistry, 1936 11. Christiaan Eijkman, Physiology or Medicine, 1929 12. Willem Einthoven, Physiology or Medicine, 1924 13. Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Physics, 1913 14. Tobias Asser, Peace, 1911 15. Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Physics, 1910 16. Pieter Zeeman, Physics, 1902 17. Hendrik Lorentz, Physics, 1902 18. Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff, Chemistry, 1901 [edit] New Zealand 1. Alan MacDiarmid*, Chemistry, 2000 2. Maurice Wilkins*, Physiology or Medicine, 1962 3. Ernest Rutherford*, Chemistry, 1908 [edit] Nigeria 1. Wole Soyinka, Literature, 1986 [edit] Norway 1. Finn E. Kydland, Economics, 2004

2. Trygve Haavelmo, Economics, 1989 3. Ivar Giaever, Physics, 1973 4. Ragnar Anton Kittil Frisch, Economics, 1969 5. Odd Hassel, Chemistry, 1969 6. Lars Onsager, Chemistry, 1968 7. Sigrid Undset, Literature, 1928 8. Fridtjof Nansen, Peace, 1922 9. Christian Lous Lange, Peace, 1921 10. Knut Hamsun, Literature, 1920 11. Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Literature, 1903

[edit] Pakistan 1. Abdus Salam, Physics, 1979 [edit] Palestine 1. Yasser Arafat, Peace, 1994 [edit] Poland 1. Wisława Szymborska, Literature, 1996 2. Joseph Rotblat*, Peace, 1995 3. Georges Charpak*, Physics, 1992 4. Lech Wałęsa, Peace, 1983 5. Roald Hoffmann*, Chemistry, 1981 6. Czesław Miłosz, Literature, 1980 7. Isaac Bashevis Singer*, Literature, 1978 8. Tadeus Reichstein*, Physiology or Medicine, 1950 9. Władysław Reymont, Literature, 1924 10. Marie Skłodowska-Curie*, Chemistry, 1911 11. Henryk Sienkiewicz, Literature, 1905 12. Marie Skłodowska-Curie*, Physics, 1903 [edit] Portugal 1. José Saramago, Literature, 1998 2. António Egas Moniz, Medicine, 1949 [edit] Romania 1. Elie Wiesel*, Peace, 1986 2. George E. Palade*, Physiology or Medicine, 1974 [edit] Russia

1. Leonid Hurwicz*, Economics, 2007 2. Alexei A. Abrikosov, Physics, 2003 3. Vitaly Ginzburg, Physics, 2003 4. Zhores I. Alferov, Physics, 2000 5. Mikhail Gorbachev, Peace, 1990 6. Iosif Aleksandrovich Brodsky*, Literature, 1987 7. Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa, Physics, 1978 8. Ilya Prigogine*, Chemistry, 1977 9. Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov, Peace, 1975 10. Leonid Kantorovich, Economics, 1975 11. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Literature, 1970 12. Michail Sholokhov, Literature, 1965 13. Nicolay G. Basov, Physics, 1964 14. Aleksandr M. Prokhorov, Australia, Physics, 1964 15. Lev Landau, Physics, 1962 16. Boris Pasternak, Literature, 1958 (forced to decline) 17. Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov, Physics, 1958 18. Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm, Physics, 1958 19. Ilya Mikhailovich Frank, Physics, 1958 20. Nikolay Semyonov, Chemistry, 1956 21. Ivan Bunin*, Literature, 1933 22. Ilya Mechnikov, Physiology or Medicine, 1908 23. Ivan Pavlov, Physiology or Medicine, 1904

[edit] Slovakia 1. Philipp Lenard*, (then Austria-Hungary), Physics, 1905 [edit] Slovenia 1. Friderik Pregl*, (then Yugoslavia), Chemistry, 1923 [edit] St Lucia 1. Derek Walcott, Literature, 1992 2. Sir Arthur Lewis*, Economics, 1979 [edit] South Africa 1. J. M. Coetzee, Literature, 2003 2. Sydney Brenner*, Physiology or Medicine, 2002 3. F.W. de Klerk, Peace, 1993 4. Nelson Mandela, Peace, 1993 5. Nadine Gordimer, Literature, 1991

6. 7. 8. 9.

Desmond Tutu, Peace, 1984 Allan M. Cormack*, Physiology or Medicine, 1979 Albert Lutuli, Peace, 1960 Max Theiler, Physiology or Medicine, 1951

[edit] South Korea 1. Kim Dae-jung, Peace, 2000 [edit] Spain 1. Camilo José Cela, Literature, 1989 2. Vicente Aleixandre, Literature, 1977 3. Severo Ochoa*, Physiology or Medicine, 1959 4. Juan Ramón Jiménez, Literature, 1956 5. Jacinto Benavente, Literature, 1922 6. Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Physiology or Medicine, 1906 7. José Echegaray, Literature, 1904 [edit] Sweden 1. Arvid Carlsson, Physiology or Medicine, 2000 2. Alva Myrdal, Peace, 1982 3. Sune Bergström, Physiology or Medicine, 1982 4. Bengt I. Samuelsson, Physiology or Medicine, 1982 5. Kai Siegbahn, Physics, 1981 6. Torsten Wiesel*, Physiology or Medicine, 1981 7. Eyvind Johnson, Literature, 1974 8. Harry Martinson, Literature, 1974 9. Bertil Ohlin, Economics, 1977 10. Gunnar Myrdal, Economics, 1974 11. Ulf von Euler, Physiology or Medicine, 1970 12. Hannes Alfvén, Physics, 1970 13. Ragnar Granit, Finland, Physiology or Medicine, 1967 14. Nelly Sachs, Germany, Literature, 1966 15. Dag Hammarskjöld, Peace, 1961 (posthumously) 16. Pär Lagerkvist, Literature, 1951 17. Arne Tiselius, Chemistry, 1948 18. Erik Axel Karlfeldt, Literature, 1931 19. Nathan Söderblom, Peace, 1930 20. Hans von Euler-Chelpin, Germany, Chemistry, 1929 21. Theodor Svedberg, Chemistry, 1926 22. Karl Manne Siegbahn, Physics, 1924

23. Hjalmar Branting, Peace, 1921 24. Carl Gustaf Verner von Heidenstam, Literature, 1916 25. Gustaf Dalén, Physics, 1912 26. Selma Lagerlöf, Literature, 1909 27. Klas Pontus Arnoldson, Peace, 1908 28. Svante Arrhenius, Chemistry, 1903

[edit] Switzerland 1. Kurt Wüthrich, Chemistry, 2002 2. Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Physiology or Medicine, 1996 3. Edmond H. Fischer, China, Physiology or Medicine, 1992 4. Richard R. Ernst, Chemistry, 1991 5. Karl Alexander Müller, Physics, 1987 6. Heinrich Rohrer, Physics, 1986 7. Georges J. F. Köhler, Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1984 8. Werner Arber, Physiology or Medicine, 1978 9. Vladimir Prelog, Bosnia and Herzogovina, Chemistry, 1975 10. Daniel Bovet, Physiology or Medicine, 1957 11. Felix Bloch, Physics, 1952 12. Tadeus Reichstein, Physiology or Medicine, 1950 13. Walter Rudolf Hess, Physiology or Medicine, 1949 14. Paul Hermann Müller, Physiology or Medicine, 1948 15. Hermann Hesse, Germany, Literature, 1946 16. Leopold Ružička, Croatia, Chemistry, 1939 17. Paul Karrer, Chemistry, 1937 18. Albert Einstein, Germany, Physics, 1921 19. Charles Édouard Guillaume, Physics, 1920 20. Carl Spitteler, Literature, 1919 21. Alfred Werner, Chemistry, 1913 22. Theodor Kocher, Physiology or Medicine, 1909 23. Élie Ducommun (for the International Office for Peace), Peace, 1902 24. Charles Albert Gobat (for the International Office for Peace), Peace, 1902 25. Henry Dunant, Peace, 1901 [edit] Republic Of China (Taiwan) 1. Yuan T. Lee*, Chemistry, 1986 [edit] Tibet 1. 14th Dalai Lama, Peace, 1989

[edit] Trinidad and Tobago 1. V. S. Naipaul*, Literature, 2001 [edit] Turkey 1. Orhan Pamuk, Literature, 2006 [edit] United Kingdom 1. Doris Lessing, Iran, Literature, 2007 2. Sir Martin J. Evans, Physiology or Medicine, 2007 3. Oliver Smithies*, Physiology or Medicine, 2007 4. Harold Pinter, Literature, 2005 5. Clive W. J. Granger*, Economics, 2003 6. Anthony J. Leggett*, Physics, 2003 7. Peter Mansfield, Physiology or Medicine, 2003 8. Sydney Brenner, South Africa, Physiology or Medicine, 2002 9. John E. Sulston, Physiology or Medicine, 2002 10. Tim Hunt, Physiology or Medicine, 2001 11. Paul Nurse, Physiology or Medicine, 2001 12. V.S. Naipaul, Literature 2001 13. John Pople, Chemistry, 1998 14. David Trimble, Peace, 1998 15. John E. Walker, Chemistry, 1997 16. Harold Kroto, Chemistry, 1996 17. James A. Mirrlees, Economics, 1996 18. Joseph Rotblat, Poland, Peace, 1995 19. Richard J. Roberts, Physiology or Medicine, 1993 20. Michael Smith*, Chemistry, 1993 21. Ronald Coase, Economics, 1991 22. James W. Black, Physiology or Medicine, 1988 23. Niels Kaj Jerne*, Physiology or Medicine, 1984 24. César Milstein, Argentina, Physiology or Medicine, 1984 25. Richard Stone, Economics, 1984 26. William Golding, Literature, 1983 27. Aaron Klug, Lithuania, Chemistry, 1982 28. John Robert Vane, Physiology or Medicine, 1982 29. Elias Canetti, Bulgaria, Literature, 1981 30. Frederick Sanger, Chemistry, 1980 31. Arthur Lewis, St Lucia, Economics, 1979 32. Godfrey Hounsfield, Physiology or Medicine, 1979 33. Peter D. Mitchell, Chemistry, 1978

34. James Meade, Economics, 1977 35. Nevill Francis Mott, Physics, 1977 36. Amnesty International, Peace, 1977 37. Betty Williams, Peace, 1976 38. Mairead Corrigan, Peace, 1976 39. John Cornforth, Australia, Chemistry, 1975 40. Christian de Duve*, Physiology or Medicine, 1974 41. Friedrich Hayek, Austria, Economics 1974 42. Antony Hewish, Physics, 1974 43. Nikolaas Tinbergen, the Netherlands, Physiology or Medicine, 1973 44. Patrick White*, Literature, 1973 45. Geoffrey Wilkinson, Chemistry, 1973 46. Brian David Josephson, Physics, 1973 47. Rodney Robert Porter, Physiology or Medicine, 1972 48. John Hicks, Economics, 1972 49. Dennis Gabor, Hungary, Physics, 1971 50. Bernard Katz, Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1970 51. Derek Harold Richard Barton, Chemistry, 1969 52. Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, Chemistry, 1967 53. George Porter, Chemistry, 1967 54. Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, Chemistry, 1964 55. Andrew Huxley, Physiology or Medicine, 1963 56. Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, Physiology or Medicine, 1963 57. John Kendrew, Chemistry, 1962 58. Max Perutz, Austria, Chemistry, 1962 59. Francis Crick, Physiology or Medicine, 1962 60. Maurice Wilkins, New Zealand, Physiology or Medicine, 1962 61. Peter Medawar, Brazil, Physiology or Medicine, 1960 62. Philip Noel-Baker, Peace, 1959 63. Frederick Sanger, Chemistry, 1958 64. Alexander R. Todd, Baron Todd, Chemistry, 1957 65. Cyril Norman Hinshelwood, Chemistry, 1956 66. Max Born, Germany, Physics, 1954 67. Winston Churchill, Literature, 1953 68. Hans Adolf Krebs, Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1953 69. Archer John Porter Martin, Chemistry, 1952 70. Richard Laurence Millington Synge, Chemistry, 1952 71. John Cockcroft, Physics, 1951 72. Bertrand Russell, Literature, 1950 73. Cecil Frank Powell, Physics, 1950

74. John Boyd Orr, Peace, 1949 75. Patrick Blackett, Baron Blackett, Physics, 1948 76. T. S. Eliot, United States of America, Literature, 1948 77. Edward Victor Appleton, Physics, 1947 78. Robert Robinson, Chemistry, 1947 79. Friends Service Council, Peace, 1947 80. Martin Ryle, Physics, 1946 81. Ernst Boris Chain, Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1945 82. Alexander Fleming, Physiology or Medicine, 1945 83. George Paget Thomson, Physics, 1937 84. Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, Peace, 1937 85. Norman Haworth, Chemistry, 1937 86. Henry Hallett Dale, Physiology or Medicine, 1936 87. James Chadwick, Physics, 1935 88. Arthur Henderson, Peace, 1934 89. Norman Angell, Peace, 1933 90. Paul Dirac, Physics, 1933 91. Charles Scott Sherrington, Physiology or Medicine, 1932 92. John Galsworthy, Literature, 1932 93. Edgar Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian, Physiology or Medicine, 1932 94. Arthur Harden, Chemistry, 1929 95. Frederick Hopkins, Physiology or Medicine, 1929 96. Owen Willans Richardson, Physics, 1928 97. Charles Thomson Rees Wilson, Physics, 1927 98. Austen Chamberlain, Peace, 1925 99. George Bernard Shaw, Ireland, Literature, 1925 100.John James Richard Macleod*, Physiology or Medicine, 1923 101.Francis William Aston, Chemistry, 1922 102.Archibald Hill, Physiology or Medicine, 1922 103.Frederick Soddy, Chemistry, 1921 104.Charles Glover Barkla, Physics, 1917 105.William Henry Bragg, Physics, 1915 106.William Lawrence Bragg, Australia, Physics, 1915 107.Ernest Rutherford, New Zealand, Chemistry, 1908 108.Rudyard Kipling, India, Literature, 1907 109.J. J. Thomson, Physics, 1906 110.John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, Physics, 1904 111.William Ramsay, Chemistry, 1904 112.William Randal Cremer, Peace, 1903 113.Ronald Ross, Physiology or Medicine, 1902

[edit] United States 1. Paul Krugman, Economics, 2008 2. Roger Yonchien Tsien, Chemistry, 2008 3. Martin Chalfie, Chemistry, 2008 4. Osamu Shimomura, Japan, Chemistry, 2008 5. Yoichiro Nambu, Japan, Physics, 2008 6. Leonid Hurwicz, Russia, Economics, 2007 7. Eric S. Maskin, Economics, 2007 8. Roger B. Myerson, Economics, 2007 9. Al Gore, Peace, 2007 10. Mario R. Capecchi, Italy, Physiology or Medicine, 2007 11. Oliver Smithies, United Kingdom, Physiology or Medicine, 2007 12. Roger D. Kornberg, Chemistry, 2006 13. John C. Mather, Physics, 2006 14. Edmund S. Phelps, Economics, 2006 15. George F. Smoot, Physics, 2006 16. Andrew Z. Fire, Physiology or Medicine, 2006 17. Craig C. Mello, Physiology or Medicine, 2006 18. Robert Aumann, Germany, Economics, 2005 19. Robert H. Grubbs, Chemistry, 2005 20. Richard R. Schrock, Chemistry, 2005 21. Thomas Schelling, Economics, 2005 22. John L. Hall, Physics, 2005 23. Roy J. Glauber, Physics, 2005 24. Irwin Rose, Chemistry, 2004 25. Edward C. Prescott, Economics, 2004 26. David J. Gross, Physics, 2004 27. H. David Politzer, Physics, 2004 28. Frank Wilczek, Physics, 2004 29. Richard Axel, Physiology or Medicine, 2004 30. Linda B. Buck, Physiology or Medicine, 2004 31. Peter Agre, Chemistry, 2003 32. Roderick MacKinnon, Chemistry, 2003 33. Robert F. Engle, Economics, 2003 34. Anthony J. Leggett, United Kingdom, Physics, 2003 35. Paul C. Lauterbur, Physiology or Medicine, 2003 36. Alexei A. Abrikosov, Russia, Physics, 2003 37. Daniel Kahneman, Israel, Economics, 2002 38. Vernon L. Smith, Economics, 2002

39. Jimmy Carter, Peace, 2002 40. Raymond Davis Jr., Physics, 2002 41. Riccardo Giacconi, Italy, Physics, 2002 42. Sydney Brenner, South Africa, Physiology or Medicine, 2002 43. H. Robert Horvitz, Physiology or Medicine, 2002 44. William S. Knowles, Chemistry, 2001 45. K. Barry Sharpless, Chemistry, 2001 46. Joseph E. Stiglitz, Economics, 2001 47. George A. Akerlof, Economics, 2001 48. A. Michael Spence, Economics, 2001 49. Eric A. Cornell, Physics, 2001 50. Carl E. Wieman, Physics, 2001 51. Leland H. Hartwell, Physiology or Medicine, 2001 52. Alan Heeger, Chemistry, 2000 53. Alan MacDiarmid, New Zealand, Chemistry, 2000 54. James J. Heckman, Economics, 2000 55. Daniel L. McFadden, Economics, 2000 56. Jack Kilby, Physics, 2000 57. Paul Greengard, Physiology or Medicine, 2000 58. Eric R. Kandel, Austria, Physiology or Medicine, 2000 59. Ahmed H. Zewail, Egypt, Chemistry, 1999 60. Günter Blobel, Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1999 61. Walter Kohn, Austria, Chemistry, 1998 62. Robert B. Laughlin, Physics, 1998 63. Daniel C. Tsui, China, Physics, 1998 64. Robert F. Furchgott, Physiology or Medicine, 1998 65. Louis J. Ignarro, Physiology or Medicine, 1998 66. Ferid Murad, Physiology or Medicine, 1998 67. Paul D. Boyer, Chemistry, 1997 68. Robert C. Merton, Economics, 1997 69. Myron Scholes, Canada, Economics, 1997 70. Jody Williams, Peace, 1997 71. Steven Chu, Physics, 1997 72. William D. Phillips, Physics, 1997 73. Stanley B. Prusiner, Physiology or Medicine, 1997 74. Richard E. Smalley, Chemistry, 1996 75. Robert F. Curl Jr., Chemistry, 1996 76. William Vickrey, Canada, Economics, 1996

77. David M. Lee, Physics, 1996 78. Douglas D. Osheroff, Physics, 1996 79. Robert C. Richardson, Physics, 1996 80. Mario J. Molina, Mexico, Chemistry, 1995 81. F. Sherwood Rowland, Chemistry, 1995 82. Robert Lucas, Jr., Economics, 1995 83. Martin L. Perl, Physics, 1995 84. Frederick Reines, Physics, 1995 85. Edward B. Lewis, Physiology or Medicine, 1995 86. Eric F. Wieschaus, Physiology or Medicine, 1995 87. George Andrew Olah, Hungary, Chemistry, 1994 88. John Charles Harsanyi, Hungary, Economics, 1994 89. John Forbes Nash, Economics, 1994 90. Clifford G. Shull, Physics, 1994 91. Alfred G. Gilman, Physiology or Medicine, 1994 92. Martin Rodbell, Physiology or Medicine, 1994 93. Kary B. Mullis, Chemistry, 1993 94. Robert W. Fogel, Economics, 1993 95. Douglass C. North, Economics, 1993 96. Toni Morrison, Literature, 1993 97. Russell A. Hulse, Physics, 1993 98. Joseph H. Taylor Jr., Physics, 1993 99. Phillip A. Sharp, Physiology or Medicine, 1993 100.Rudolph A. Marcus, Chemistry, 1992 101.Gary S. Becker, Economics, 1992 102.Edmond H. Fischer, China, Physiology or Medicine, 103.Edwin G. Krebs, Physiology or Medicine, 1992 104.Elias James Corey, Chemistry, 1990 105.Merton H. Miller, Economics, 1990 106.William F. Sharpe, Economics, 1990 107.Harry M. Markowitz, Economics, 1990 108.Jerome I. Friedman, Physics, 1990 109.Henry W. Kendall, Physics, 1990 110.Joseph E. Murray, Physiology or Medicine, 1990 111.E. Donnall Thomas, Physiology or Medicine, 1990 112.Sidney Altman, Canada, Chemistry, 1989 113.Thomas R. Cech, Chemistry, 1989

1992

114.Hans G. Dehmelt, Germany, Physics, 1989 115.Norman F. Ramsey, Physics, 1989 116.J. Michael Bishop, Physiology or Medicine, 1989 117.Harold E. Varmus, Physiology or Medicine, 1989 118.Leon M. Lederman, Physics, 1988 119.Melvin Schwartz, Physics, 1988 120.Jack Steinberger, Germany, Physics, 1988 121.Gertrude B. Elion, Physiology or Medicine, 1988 122.George H. Hitchings, Physiology or Medicine, 1988 123.Charles J. Pedersen, Korea, Chemistry, 1987 124.Donald J. Cram, Chemistry, 1987 125.Robert M. Solow, Economics, 1987 126.Joseph Brodsky, Russia, Literature, 1987 127.Dudley R. Herschbach, Chemistry, 1986 128.Yuan T. Lee, Taiwan, Chemistry, 1986 129.James M. Buchanan, Economics, 1986 130.Elie Wiesel, Romania, Peace, 1986 131.Stanley Cohen, Physiology or Medicine, 1986 132.Rita Levi-Montalcini, Italy, Physiology or Medicine, 1986 133.Jerome Karle, Chemistry, 1985 134.Herbert A. Hauptman, Chemistry, 1985 135.Franco Modigliani, Italy, Economics, 1985 136.Michael S. Brown, Physiology or Medicine, 1985 137.Joseph L. Goldstein, Physiology or Medicine, 1985 138.Bruce Merrifield, Chemistry, 1984 139.Henry Taube, Canada, Chemistry, 1983 140.Gerard Debreu, France, Economics, 1983 141.Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, (then British India, now Pakistan),

Physics, 1983 142.William A. Fowler, Physics, 1983 143.Barbara McClintock, Physiology or Medicine, 1983 144.George J. Stigler, Economics, 1982 145.Kenneth G. Wilson, Physics, 1982 146.Roald Hoffmann, Poland, Chemistry, 1981 147.James Tobin, Economics, 1981 148.Nicolaas Bloembergen, the Netherlands, Physics, 1981 149.Arthur L. Schawlow, Physics, 1981

150.David H. Hubel, Canada, Physiology or Medicine, 1981 151.Roger W. Sperry, Physiology or Medicine, 1981 152.Walter Gilbert, Chemistry, 1980 153.Paul Berg, Chemistry, 1980 154.Lawrence R. Klein, Economics, 1980 155.Czesław Miłosz, (then Russian Empire, now Lithuania),

Literature,

1980 156.James Cronin, Physics, 1980 157.Val Fitch, Physics, 1980 158.Baruj Benacerraf, Venezuela, Physiology or Medicine, 1980 159.George D. Snell, Physiology or Medicine, 1980 160.Herbert C. Brown, Chemistry, 1979 161.Theodore Schultz, Economics, 1979 162.Steven Weinberg, Physics, 1979 163.Sheldon Glashow, Physics, 1979 164.Allan M. Cormack, South Africa, Physiology or Medicine, 1979 165.Herbert A. Simon, Economics, 1978 166.Isaac Bashevis Singer, Poland, Literature, 1978 167.Robert Woodrow Wilson, Physics, 1978 168.Arno Penzias, Germany, Physics, 1978 169.Hamilton O. Smith, Physiology or Medicine, 1978 170.Daniel Nathans, Physiology or Medicine, 1978 171.Philip Anderson, Physics, 1977 172.John H. van Vleck, Physics, 1977 173.Roger Guillemin, France, Physiology or Medicine, 1977 174.Andrzej W. Schally, Poland, Physiology or Medicine, 1977 175.Rosalyn Yalow, Physiology or Medicine, 1977 176.William Lipscomb, Chemistry, 1976 177.Milton Friedman, Economics, 1976 178.Saul Bellow, Canada, Literature, 1976 179.Burton Richter, Physics, 1976 180.Samuel C. C. Ting, Physics, 1976 181.Baruch S. Blumberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1976 182.Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, Physiology or Medicine, 1976 183.Tjalling C. Koopmans, the Netherlands, Economics, 1975 184.Ben R. Mottelson*, Physics, 1975 185.James Rainwater, Physics, 1975

186.David Baltimore, Physiology or Medicine, 1975 187.Renato Dulbecco, Italy, Physiology or Medicine, 1975 188.Howard Martin Temin, Physiology or Medicine, 1975 189.Paul J. Flory, Chemistry, 1974 190.George E. Palade, Romania, Physiology or Medicine, 1974 191.Wassily Leontief, Germany, Economics, 1973 192.Henry Kissinger, Germany, Peace, 1973 193.Ivar Giaever, Norway, Physics, 1973 194.Christian Anfinsen, Chemistry, 1972 195.Stanford Moore, Chemistry, 1972 196.William H. Stein, Chemistry, 1972 197.Kenneth J. Arrow, Economics, 1972 198.John Bardeen, Physics 1972 199.Leon N. Cooper, Physics 1972 200.Robert Schrieffer, Physics 1972 201.Gerald Edelman, Physiology or Medicine, 1972 202.Simon Kuznets, (then Russia, now Belarus), Economics, 1971 203.Earl W. Sutherland Jr., Physiology or Medicine, 1971 204.Paul A. Samuelson, Economics, 1970 205.Norman Borlaug, Peace, 1970 206.Julius Axelrod, Physiology or Medicine, 1970 207.Murray Gell-Mann, Physics, 1969 208.Max Delbrück, Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1969 209.Alfred Hershey, Physiology or Medicine, 1969 210.Salvador Luria, Italy, Physiology or Medicine, 1969 211.Lars Onsager, Norway, Chemistry, 1968 212.Luis Alvarez, Physics, 1968 213.Robert W. Holley, Physiology or Medicine, 1968 214.Har Gobind Khorana, (then British India, now Pakistan), Physiology

or Medicine, 1968 215.Marshall Warren Nirenberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1968 216.Hans Bethe, Germany, Physics, 1967 217.Haldan Keffer Hartline, Physiology or Medicine, 1967 218.George Wald, Physiology or Medicine, 1967 219.Robert S. Mulliken, Chemistry, 1966 220.Charles B. Huggins, Canada, Physiology or Medicine, 1966 221.Francis Peyton Rous, Physiology or Medicine, 1966

222.Robert B. Woodward, Chemistry, 1965 223.Richard P. Feynman, Physics, 1965 224.Julian Schwinger, Physics, 1965 225.Martin Luther King, Jr., Peace, 1964 226.Charles H. Townes, Physics, 1964 227.Konrad Bloch, Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1964 228.Maria Goeppert-Mayer, Germany, Physics, 1963 229.Eugene Wigner, Hungary, Physics, 1963 230.John Steinbeck, Literature, 1962 231.Linus C. Pauling, Peace, 1962 232.James D. Watson, Physiology or Medicine, 1962 233.Melvin Calvin, Chemistry, 1961 234.Robert Hofstadter, Physics, 1961 235.Georg von Békésy, Hungary, Physiology or Medicine, 1961 236.Willard F. Libby, Chemistry, 1960 237.Donald A. Glaser, Physics, 1960 238.Owen Chamberlain, Physics, 1959 239.Emilio Segrè, Italy, Physics, 1959 240.Arthur Kornberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1959 241.Severo Ochoa, Spain, Physiology or Medicine, 1959 242.George Beadle, Physiology or Medicine, 1958 243.Joshua Lederberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1958 244.Edward Tatum, Physiology or Medicine, 1958 245.William B. Shockley, Physics, 1956 246.John Bardeen, Physics, 1956 247.Walter H. Brattain, Physics, 1956 248.Dickinson W. Richards, Physiology or Medicine, 1956 249.André F. Cournand, France, Physiology or Medicine, 1956 250.Vincent du Vigneaud, Chemistry, 1955 251.Willis E. Lamb, Physics, 1955 252.Polykarp Kusch, Germany, Physics, 1955 253.Linus C. Pauling, Chemistry, 1954 254.Ernest Hemingway, Literature, 1954 255.John F. Enders, Physiology or Medicine, 1954 256.Frederick C. Robbins, Physiology or Medicine, 1954 257.Thomas H. Weller, Physiology or Medicine, 1954 258.George C. Marshall, Peace, 1953

259.Fritz

Lipmann, (then Germany, now Russia), Physiology or Medicine,

1953 260. E. M. Purcell, Physics, 1952 261.Felix Bloch, Switzerland, Physics, 1952 262.Selman A. Waksman, (then Russia, now Ukraine), Physiology or Medicine, 1952 263.Edwin M. McMillan, Chemistry, 1951 264.Glenn Theodore Seaborg, Chemistry, 1951 265.Ralph J. Bunche, Peace, 1950 266.Philip S. Hench, Physiology or Medicine, 1950 267.Edward C. Kendall, Physiology or Medicine, 1950 268.William Giauque, Canada, Chemistry, 1949 269.William Faulkner, Literature, 1949 270.T. S. Eliot*, Literature, 1948 271.American Friends Service Committee (The Quakers), Peace, 1947 272.Carl Cori, Austria, Physiology or Medicine, 1947 273.Gerty Cori, Austria, Physiology or Medicine, 1947 274.Wendell M. Stanley, Chemistry, 1946 275.James B. Sumner, Chemistry, 1946 276.John H. Northrop, Chemistry, 1946 277.Emily G. Balch, Peace, 1946 278.John R. Mott, Peace, 1946 279.Percy W. Bridgman, Physics, 1946 280.Hermann J. Muller, Physiology or Medicine, 1946 281.Cordell Hull, Peace, 1945 282.Isidor Isaac Rabi, Austria, Physics, 1944 283.Joseph Erlanger, Physiology or Medicine, 1944 284.Herbert S. Gasser, Physiology or Medicine, 1944 285.Otto Stern, Germany, Physics, 1943 286.Edward A. Doisy, Physiology or Medicine, 1943 287.Ernest Lawrence, Physics, 1939 288.Pearl S. Buck, Literature, 1938 289.Clinton Davisson, Physics, 1937 290.Eugene O'Neill, Literature, 1936 291.Carl Anderson, Physics, 1936 292.Harold C. Urey, Chemistry, 1934 293.George R. Minot, Physiology or Medicine, 1934

294.William P. Murphy, Physiology or Medicine, 1934 295.George H. Whipple, Physiology or Medicine, 1934 296.Thomas H. Morgan, Physiology or Medicine, 1933 297.Irving Langmuir, Chemistry, 1932 298.Jane Addams, Peace, 1931 299.Nicholas M. Butler, Peace, 1931 300.Sinclair Lewis, Literature, 1930 301.Frank B. Kellogg, Peace, 1929 302.Arthur H. Compton, Physics, 1927 303.Charles G. Dawes, Peace, 1925 304.Robert A. Millikan, Physics, 1923 305.Woodrow Wilson, Peace, 1919 306.Theodore W. Richards, Chemistry, 1914 307.Elihu Root, Peace, 1912 308.Albert A. Michelson, Germany, Physics, 1907 309.Theodore Roosevelt, Peace, 1906

[edit] Venezuela 1. Baruj Benacerraf*, Physiology or Medicine, 1980 [edit] Vietnam 1. Lê Ðức Thọ, Peace, 1973 (declined) [edit] See also • Nobel Prize • List of Nobel Laureates • Alfred Nobel • Nobel laureates per capita 1. committee. ^ Example of [edit] References 2. ^ Official website of the Nobel Prize committee. 3. ^ Chronological list of All Nobel Laureates on the official website of the Nobel Prize an award applied to more than one country. 4. ^ Example of a birthplace mentioned in addition to the country the award is applied 5. ^ Example of an awarded organization that is related to a country.
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