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Accounting for the human resources deals with the measurement of costs which are associated with recruiting, selecting, training, placing and developing the employees of an organization. This also involves measuring the present economic value of human resources to an organization.
American Accounting Association has defined Human Resource Accounting (HRA) “as a process of identifying and measuring data about human resources and communicating this information to the interested parties”.
It helps in giving valuable information to the management for effective planning and managing human resources.
2. It helps in measurement of standard cost of recruiting, selecting, hiring and training people and organization can select a person with highest expected realisable value . 3. HRA can change the attitude of mangers, thereby, they would try to maximize the expected value of human resources and effective use of human resources in the organization. 4. It also provides necessary data to devise suitable promotion policy, congenial work environment and job satisfaction to the people.
There is no well-set standard accounting practice for measuring the value of human resources. The valuation of human resources is based on the assumption that the employees may remain with the organization for certain specified period. There is a possibility that human resource accounting may lead to the dehumanization in the organization if the valuation is not done. There is also a possibility that trade unions may oppose the use of HRA. They may want parity of wages/salaries and value of the employees.