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Construction Work Flow

Construction Work Flow

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Published by: skyratt on Sep 28, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The need for exchange of complex information has successively grown in the
construction industry from showing project specific solutions, from early
design to production specifications. In addition to drawings and 3D models of
the building, the construction industry wishes to exchange information about
Bill of Quantities (BoQ), spaces, time, and costs etc. (Tarandi, 2003)

This means that exchange is needed between different types of applications,
such as, (Tarandi, 2003):

-building elements between two different CAD systems in a project,


On-Site Construction Synchronisation

-building elements from a CAD system to an analysis tool,

-BoQ from a CAD system to a cost estimation application, and

-components and parts from data bases into CAD systems.

The manufacturing industry has developed an object oriented standard (ISO
STEP) for data exchange for products over the whole life cycle but the
construction industry did not adopt that standard. (Tarandi, 2003)

In the middle of 1990s the industry consortium International Alliance for
Interoperability (IAI) started the development of a product modelling
standardisation for the construction industry. The first version of the Industry
Foundation Classes (IFC) was issued in 1997. Some software applications have
been implemented based on this standard and tested in a number of pilot
projects but the standard is not widely used in practice. (Howard and Björk,

Besides the IAI and the development of IFC other organisations and groups are
working with standardisation of information exchange but they are mainly
considering smaller and more limited parts of the construction process.
Examples are BoQ, tenders, and specifications, which can be defined by more
simple formats, often based on the Extensible Mark-up Language (XML).

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