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DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCES

1

53 ,
. 40m ()
15m- .
100m .
()
2m
? ?
()
?
?
() 23/- ()?

15m

40m

53

100m

.
x0 y 0 0 :
() :

0 53 , x 40 2 42m, y 15m, a x 0, a y g
:


1
r t r0 v0 t at 2
2

, :
1
x
x xt x0 v0 x t a x t 2 v0 x t t
2
v0 x

:t
2

v
1
1
x
1 x
gx 2
x 0 y 2
y y t y 0 v0 y t a y t 2 v0 y t gt 2 v0 y
g
2
2
v0 x 2 v0 x
v0 x 2v0 x
:
v0 y
tan 0
v0 x
:
2
2
2
gx
gx
g 42
y x tan 0 2 v02x

12.5 g
2x tan 0 y 242 tan 53 15
2v0 x

v02y v02x tan 2 0 12.5 g tan 2 53 22 g


v0 5.9 g 18.4 m sec2
-:

3.8 sec

v0 v02x v02y 12.5 g 22 g

11.9
g

42
12.5 g

x
v0 x

() () :
y 100m

40
20m,
2

():
2

gx
g 20

1.6 g
2x tan 0 y 220 tan 53 100

v02x

v02y v02x tan 2 0 1.6 g tan 2 53 2.8 g


v0 2.1 g 6.6 m sec2
. -:

5.1sec

v0 v02x v02y 1.6 g 2.8 g

15.8
g

20
1.6 g

x
v0 x

() .
:
2
2
v0 x
12.5 g 2.4 g 7.4 m sec ,
v0 y
22 g 3.1 g 9.8 m sec
3
3
, :
.1 , x 40m : y- . y 100m
.2 , y 100m : x- . x 40m
.
:
gx 2
g 40 2
40 2
x 40 y x tan 0 2 40 tan 53

40
tan
53

85 .8 100
2
2v0 x
22.4 2
2 2.4 g

y 100m- .

x, y 40 m, 85 .8m r 40x 85.8 y :


85.8m- .
-:
x
40
16.7
t

t
5.3 sec
v0 x 2.4 g
g

2
.x-y t ":
xt Rt sin t
yt R1 cos t
R -.

() v t ( .)x-
() , ,? ?

() a t ( .)x-
() ()? ?

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yt R1 cos t
R - , .t-
1 :

0 t 2

R 1,

() :

dxt
v x t
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dt
dyt
v y t
R sin t
dt

,- ,":

v t R 1 cos t x sin ty

v t v x t x v y t y R 1 cos t x R sin ty

":

vt v x2 t v 2y t R 2 2 1 cos t 2 R 2 2 sin 2 t R 1 2 cos t cos2 t sin 2 t


t
R 1 2 cos t cos2 t sin 2 t R 2 2 cos t 2 R sin
2

tan v t

v y t
v x t

R sin t
sin t

R 1 cos t 1 cos t

:x-
sin t

v t arctan
1 cos t
. R 1 2
2

:()
t
2n
t
t
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n t n
2

2
2
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:

2n
2n
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sin
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sin 2n 0

2n

y t n R1 cost n R1 cos
R1 cos 2n

y t n 0

cos 2n 1

, R 1 , 2- 1
.
dv t
a x t x R 2 sin t
dt
dv y t
a y t
R 2 cos t
dt

at a x t x a y t y R 2 sin tx R 2 costy

:()

: ",- ,

at R 2 sin tx costy

: "

at a x2 t a 2y t R 2 4 sin 2 t R 2 4 cos2 t R 2 sin 2 t cos2 t


sin 2 t cos2 t

tan a t

a y t
a x t

at R 2
:x-

R cos t

cot

tan

a
2
R 2 sin t
2

. R 1 3
2

: t t n ()
a x t n R 2 sin

2n

a y t n R 2 cos

2n

R 2 sin 2n

a x t n 0

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a y t n R 2

.y , ,
, R 1 , 3
.

3

9.1m/sec
4.9m ,
. 10.8m/sec

.
() ?
()
?
()
?
()
?

4.9m


.:
x0 y 0 0,
a x 0,
a y g
:

V Vx x Vx 9.1m / sec, V y 0
:

2
2
v1 v1x x v1 y y v1 v1 v1x v1 y 10.8m / sec
:

v0 x V x v1x , v0 y V y v1 y v1 y v0 v0 x x v0 y y
:
y t max 4.9 m
:
v y t max 0
() :

2a r t r0

m2
sec2

2 g yt max y0

96

m2
sec2

v02y

v02

v t
2

t max

v 2y

v02y v 2y t max 2 g yt max y0 2 g 4.9 m 9.8 m g g 2

v0 y g

m
m
9.8
sec
sec
g : " ( ).
() :

v t v0 a t

v0 y v y t max

9.8m/sec

v y t max 1sec
g
g
() :

m
sec

v1x 4.5

t max

v y t max v0 y gt max

v12

v12y

m
m

10 .8
9.8

sec
sec

v02y

v12

v12y

v1x

v12x

v12

":
m

v0 x 13.6
sec
:

v0 x Vx v1x 9.1 4.5


1
r t r0 v0 t at 2
2

:
xt max 13.6 m

1
m
2
a x t max
v0 x t max 13.6
1sec
2
sec

xt max x0 v0 x t max

() x- , :
v0 y
v0 y
9.8 m sec
arctan
0 35.8
tan 0
0 arctan

v0 x
13.6 m sec
v0 x
: :
v1 y v0 y
v0 y
9.8 m sec
arctan
0 65.3
tan 1

0 arctan

v1x v1x
4.5 m sec
v1x

.

() G- M- .L-
~
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~
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~~
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:

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0.32 kg m 2
3
3
3

:
2mR
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5
5
5
2
2
2
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0.494 kg m 2
5
5
5
5

IA

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L
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M L 4R
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6.08kg m 2
12
2
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3
3

2
2mR
2mR 2
847 mR 2 847 1 0.12
2
IC
m2 L 5 R
169 mR 2

1.694 kg m 2
5
5
5
5
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T 2

8.842
15 10 0.65

T 0.6 1.89 sec


.L- R-()

I I A I AC I B I DE
I A mL R 2 1 kg 1 m 0.1 m 2 1.21 kg m 2

1 kg 1 m 2
mL2
L
1
1

m R
1 kg 0.1 m m kg m 2 0.36 kg m 2 0.4433 kg m 2
12
2
12
2
12

I AC

2mR 2 2 1 kg 0.1 m 2
IB

0.0067 kg m 2
3
3
I DE I AC 0.4433 kg m 2

I 1.21 kg m 2 0.4433 kg m 2 0.0067 kg m 2 0.4433 kg m 2


r F L R F sin 90 40 1 m 0.1 m 4 N sin 50

I 2.1 kg m 2

:() "

3.37 N m

. ,"" "

0 t

0 0

:()

t
I

1 2 1
2 t 2 3.37 N m 2 10 sec2
I I t

2
2 I
2I
2 2.1 kg m 2
2

Ek

E k 270.4 J


() " :
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k 300
m

0.75 N
F

x
0.0025 m

() :
300 N m
k
m
u
A
0.15 m

u 1.833
M m
2 kg 0.008 kg
sec
:
2 kg 0.008 kg
M m
m
m
v1
u
1.833

v1 460 .2
m
0.008 kg
sec
sec

1
M mu 2 1 kA2
2
2

mv1 M m u

() :
300 N m
1
1
k
m
Mu22 kA2

u2
A
0.15 m

u 2 1.837
2
2
M
2 kg
sec
: ' .
:
2
2
2
2
2
2
mv1 mu1 Mu2 Mu2 m v1 u1 mv1 u1 v1 u1

Mu2 mv1 u1

mv1 mu1 Mu2

v1 u 2 u1

u 2 v1 u1

" :
0.008 kg 2 kg
mM
m
m
Mu 2 mu 2 2u1
u1
u2
1.837
u1 228 .7
2m
2 0.008 kg
sec
sec
:
m
m
m
v1 u 2 u1 1.837
228 .7

v1 230 .5

sec
sec
sec

() () .O :

X cm 0
0.5 m
M L cos 45 / 4 M L cos 45 / 4
L cos 45
L
Ycm

Ycm 0.088 m
M M
4
4 2
4 2
0.09cm- .O

() :

I
M gd
M :

T 2

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d- :O

d Ycm 0.088 m
:

I I1 I 2

:
2

mL
mL 1 1 7mL
L
m

12
2 3 4
24
4
2

I1 I 2

7 mL2 7 mL2 7 1 kg 0.5 m 2


7
I 2

kg m 2 0.073 kg m 2
24
12
12
96

T 0.41 1.3 sec

0.073 kg m 2
2 9.8 m sec2 0.088 m

8
50 cm
rad
sec2

.
.
.
.

rev
min

T 2

242

. 4

122 5( .')
5 5( .)
5 5( .')
rev
rev
7 sec - 12( .15 sec -')

D 50cm R 25cm 0.25m


2 rad
rad
rev
0 240
240
8
min
60sec
sec
rad
4
sec2

()

100rev 100 2 rad 200 rad


rad 2
sec2

200 rad 1664

rad
sec2

2 4

rad
2 0 02 2 8

sec

rad
rad
128.15
sec
sec

02

40.8

()
rad
rad
rad
4
5 sec 28
2
sec
sec
sec
rad
m
m
v R 28
0.25 m

v 7
22
sec
sec
sec

0 t 8

)(
at R 4

rad
sec2

0.25m

m
sec2

3.14

m
sec2

rad
m

2 m
a r R 28
1934.4
0.25m 196
2
sec
sec

sec

m
m
m
m

3.14
a a r r at t

a 196 2
r
t

1934
.
4
r
t
sec
sec2
sec2
sec2
m

2
2

a 1934.4
a a r a t
sec2

arctan at

0.09
a

r
2

0 7

rev
sec

15

rev
sec

rad
sec

2 02 2 0 02 2

rev 2
sec

)(

rev
sec2

2 02 15 rev sec2 7 rev sec2

2
2 2 rev sec2

44rev

9
,B A .)1 (
.CDE ,m R
A
B
:
y
mA m
m 1kg
0
C 20

F
E

400
x

R 0.1m

m B 4m

CD 4 R

mCD m

DE 7 R

m DE 4m

?()

F 3N t 0 ()

. .
10 sec ,()
.

. D ()
x A rA sin 20 6 R sin 20
rA CD 2 R 6 R
y A rA cos 20 6 R cos 20
x B rB sin 20 5 R sin 20
rB CD R 5 R
y B rB cos 20 5 R cos 20
xCD rCD sin 20 2 R sin 20
CD
2R
2
yCD rCD cos 20 2 R cos 20
x DE rDE 3.5R
DE
rDE
3.5 R
2
y DE 0
M m A m B mCD m DE m 4m m 4m 10m
rCD

m A x A mB x B mCD xCD mDE x DE 28 sin 20 14R

0.44R 0.044m
M
10
m y mB y B mCD yCD m DE y DE 28 cos 20 R
Ycm A A

2.63R 0.263m
M
10
X cm , Ycm 0.044m, 0.263m
X cm

() , r , r
:
r r 2 r 2 0.707m
x
y

rx x E X cm 7 R 0.44R 6.56R 0.656m



ry
ry y E Ycm 0 2.63R 2.63R 0.263m
40 arctan 61.85

rx
rF sin 1.87 Nm
!

()
2


1
1
t
I cm 2 I cm
t
I cm
2
2
2 I cm
I cm
I - , D - " :
2t 2
2
I cm I Md

K
2 I Md 2
:
2 2

0 t

I cm

I I cm Md 2

2
2
2
d 2 Rcm
X cm
Ycm
0.071m 2

: D
2

m6 R 36mR
2

m A rA2

IA

R2

1
2
2
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5R 2 102mR 2
2
2

mCD CD 2 m4 R 2 16

mR 2
3
3
3
m DE DE 2 4m7 R 2 196

mR 2
3
3
3
16 196 2

2
2
I I A I B I CD I DE 36 102
mR 208.7mR 2.1kg m
3
3

K 67.3 J

1.87 N m 2 10 sec2
10kg 0.071m2

22.1kg m

2t 2

2 I Md 2

I CD
I DE

11
2kg 80cm
120 rev min . 2 rad sec2
() 50 ?
() 30cm ? 5 sec
() ? 5 sec
() , 10 sec .
?

D 80cm R 40cm 0.4m


2 rad
rad
rev
0 120
120
4
min
60sec
sec
rad
2
sec2

)(

50rev 50 2 rad 100 rad


2

2
rad
rad
2 rad

2
2 4

100

rad

416

2 2
sec
sec2
sec2
rad
rad
20.4
64.08
sec
sec
2

02

0 02

)(
rad
rad
rad
0 t 4
2

5
sec

14

sec
sec
sec2
rad
r 30 cm 0.3m

v r 14
0.3m
sec

v 4.2

m
m
13 .2
sec
sec

)(
at r 2

rad
sec2

0.3m 0.6

m
sec2

1.88

m
sec2

rad
m

2 m
a r r 14
580.33
0.3m 58.8
2
sec
sec

sec

m
m
m
m
0.6
1.88
a a r r at t

a 158.8 2
r
t

580
.
33
r
t
sec
sec2
sec2
sec2
m

2
2

a 580.34
a a r a t
sec2

arctan at

0.19 0.0032rad
a

r
2

. ~ t 0 -()
.) ( "~0 -
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rad
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~ 0
sec
~ ~
~
14 rad sec
rad
~ ~0 ~ ~t

~ ~ 0 ~0
1.4
t
t
10 sec
sec2
I 1
1
R f I

f
MR 2 MR
R 2
R 2
1
rad

f 2 kg 0.4 m 1.4

f 0.56 N 1.76 N

2
sec2

11
m M1 R1
M 2 R2
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.
() ( ) 12( .')
() ?
( 12')
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()
m h
12( .')
() -
m h

12( .')

M2
R2

M1
R1
m

() :

mg T1 ma
M 1 R12
2

T1 R1 T2 R1 I11

and I1

M 2 R22
2

T2 R2 I 2 2

and I 2

a 1 R1 2 R2

()

T1 m g a

2T1 T2 M 1a 2m g a M 2 a M 1a

2T2 M 2 a

2mg
a
M 1 M 2 2m

()

M 1 M 2 mg
M 1 M 2 2m

mg T1 ma
a
R1

2
a
R2

M 1 R12

M 2 R22
2

T2 R2 I 2 2

M 1 M 2 2ma 2mg

1 R

a
2 R2

2mg
M 1 M 2 2mR1

2mg
M 1 M 2 2m R2

T1

T1 R1 T2 R1 I11

2m
T1 mg a m 1

g
M 1 M 2 2m
M 2 mg
2T2 M 2 a

T2
M 1 M 2 2m

() :

1
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1
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2
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2
2

M M2 2
1
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m 1
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() , () , .:
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v 2 v02 2aH h 2aH h 2
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4mg H h
M 1 M 2 2m

12
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mM 3
. M 1kg
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?

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M OA 2 M AC OA 2 M BC 0 M AD AD 2 OA mAD OA R
Ycm AB
0
M AB M AC M BC M AD m

AD 2 L

3
3
M
3

L
2
L R 0
M AB M AC M

2M
L 2 M 1

4
2
3
2

M AD 2 M

mM 3
3
2
3
R

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2

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3

OA 3L 2

() I - .A
:
I
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~
M M AB M AC M BC M AD
d OA

I AB

~
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m M M M 2M
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3
3

3
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ML2

3
3
2

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M AC AC 2 ML2

3
3

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2
2
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2

ML ML2

M BC OA M

12
12 2 12 4
6

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ML2
3
3
3
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5
3
5

I AD
I ball

I I AB I AC I BC I AD I ball

1 5 8

I 2 2.42 ML2 6.59ML2 1.65 kg m 2


3 6 3

T 2

T 1.67 sec

1
T

I
6.59ML2
L
0.5m

7.49
7.49
~
0.87 L 5.33M g
g
dMg
10 m sec2
f 0.6Hz
:()

1
~
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2

~
2 MgH cm
I

H cm OA OA cos30 OA1 cos30

2 5.33M g 0.17 L
2

6.59ML

3
3
0.17 L
L1
2
2

10 m sec2
g
0.52
0.52
L
0.5m

2.32

rad
sec

13
/ L M ,
.ABC ,AD , 2L 2M A
.
:
.m

R
. M 1kg
R 10cm
L 5R
() m
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BC . ?
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? 1min

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Ycm AB
0
M AB M AC M AD M BC m

5 3
5 3
5 3
R m10
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4
2
2

15 3 20
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OA 3L 2 5 3R 2

AD 2 L 10R

M AB M AC M

M AD 2M

5 3

5 3

M 10

1
0

5
3
1m
2

m 0.45M 0.45kg

() A
rF sin 5RF sin 30 5 0.1m 5 N 0.5

1.25m N

r AB L 5R

180 90 60 30

() I - .A
2

1 2 1
2t 2
I I t
2
2 I
2I
I:

0 t t
I

M AB AB 2 ML2 25

MR2
3
3
3

I AB

M AC AC 2 ML2 25

MR2
3
3
3

I AC

2
2
M BC BC 2
L
3L 1 3 2 5
125
2

ML ML2

M BC OA M

MR2

12
12 2 12 4
6
6

M AD AD 2 2M 2 L 2 200

MR2
3
3
3

I BC

I AD

2R 2

2mR 2
2

mAD R 2 m
2 L R 2 0.45M 121 R 2 54.63MR 2
5
5

I ball

I I AB I AC I BC I AD I ball
25 125 200

I 2

54.63 MR 2 158.8MR 2 1.59 kg m 2


3
6
3

K 1768.9 J

1.25 N m 2 60 sec2
2 1.59 kg m 2

2t 2
2I

14
m1 M R m 2
. m1 H .
m 2 "
m2
M R
s k - .
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m 2 ?
:
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h .

m1

() :

m1 g f s

m1 s

g
T1 T2

m1 g T1 0
T2 f s 0

T1 R T2 R 0

f s s N s m2 g
m1max s m2

f smax s m2 g

g
g

m1max

f smax s m2 g

() :

m1 g T1 m1a
f k k N k m2 g
MR 2
2

and

and I

T2 f k m2 a
T1 R T2 R I
a R

()

T1 m1 g a

T2 f k T2 k m2 g m2 a T2 m2 k g a 2m1 g a m2 k g a Ma

MR 2 a
T1 R T2 R I

2T1 T2 Ma
2 R

M 2m1 m2 a 2m1 k m2 g a 2m1 k m2 g

M 2m1 m2
m1 g T1 m1 a

2m1 k m2 g
M 2m1 m2 R

()

M 21 k m2
m1 g
M 2m1 m2
m2 g

k M 21 k m1
M 2m1 m2

T1

T2

a
R

2m1 k m2
T1 m1 g a m1 1
g
M 2m1 m2

2m1 k m2
T2 m2 k g a m1 k
g
M 2m1 m2

() , .
, () , .:
2
2
v v0 2ay

v0 0

2m1 k m2 g

H h

v2 2
y H h

M 2m1 m2

2m1 k m2 g

a
M 2m1 m2

m1 k m2 g
H h
M 2m1 m2

v2

15
50gr 55 m sec 500gr .

. 400 N m
() ?
() ?
() , A T f
.
() ( )
.

() v 0 - u -
. m - M - .
" :
m
50 gr
m
m
mv 0 m M u

u
v0
55

u5
mM
50 gr 500 gr
sec
sec

~
U - U -()
.
:
1
m M u 2 1 m M U 2 1 2M U~ 2
m M u 2 U 2 2MU~ 2

2
2
2
m M u m M U 2M U~
m M u U 2MU~

:
~
u U U
:
mM
50 gr 500 gr
m
m M u m M U 2M u U U
u
5
m 3M
50 gr 3 500 gr
sec
m
m
m
m
~
~

U 1.45

U u U 5
1.45

U 3.55
sec
sec
sec
sec

: f - T ()

k
2M

f
T

400 N m
2 0.5kg

20 rad sec 10 1 10

Hz
2
2 rad
sec
1

10

20
f

rad
sec

10

Hz 3.18Hz

sec 0.314 sec


:

1
2M U~ 2 1 kA2
2
2
~2
2 0.5kg 3.55 m sec2
2MU

k
400 N m
E

xt A cos t
x0 A cos 0

dxt
vt
A sin t
dt

A 0.18 m 18 cm
:()
:

cos 0
3

2
sin 0
rad 3

xt 0.18 m cos 20
t
rad
2
sec

rad
m
rad 3

rad 3

vt 20
0.18 sin 20
t
rad

vt 3.6
sin 20
t
rad
sec
2
sec sec
2
sec

~
v0 A sin U 0

16
/ .
( ) . . L , m
2m 2L . 4m R
A
. 4m 30
, , .
. R 20cm
L 2R :
L, 2 m
L, m
()
30
?
() () ,
2 L, 4m
?A

() A
v
m 10 .
h 4cm
. ()
( )?
R, 4 m
()
.A f T ?

() A- y . X cm 0
mL 2sin 30 2mL 2sin
X cm
0

mL 2sin 30 2mL 2sin 0


11m

sin 30 2 sin 0
1

sin

14.5

1
4
sin 30

2
() () . X cm 0 : Ycm
mL 2 cos30 2mL 2 cos 4mL 4m2 L R
Ycm

11m
R cos30 2 R cos 8R 44 R R
cos30 2 cos14.5 28

R
11
11
X cm , Ycm 0 cm, 56 cm

Ycm 2.8R 56 cm

() .
":
m
M 11m
11.1m
10
u - . :
2

1 2 1 u
Iu 2
Iu 2
Iu 2
50Mgh
I I

2
2 2L R
I
22 L R 2 25R 2 50R 2
I :A-
2
2
2mL
2m2 R
8

mR 2
3
3
3

Mgh

mL2 m2 R 2 4

mR 2
3
3
3
4m2 L 2 4m4 R 2 64

mR 2
3
3
3

left
I pole

right
I pole

center
I pole

24m R 2
8mR 2
308
8

4m2 L R 2
4m5R 2 100 mR 2
mR 2
3
3
3
3

m
2.8R 2 0.784mR 2
10

I ball
I bullet

right
left
center
I I pole
I pole
I pole
I ball I bullet

8 4 64 308

0.784 mR 2 128 0.784mR 2 128.8mR 2


3
3 3 3

50 11.1 10 m sec2 0.04m


50 11.1gh

128.8
128.8

5011.1m gh

uR

128.8mR 2
m
u 1.31
sec

()

0.2 m
128.8mR 2
R
12.8
12.8
2.8R 11.1mg
g
10 m sec2

I
Ycm Mg

T 2

T 1.81sec
f 0.55 Hz

1
T

17
m " M 2 R 2
M 1 R1 (
) . m H .
m " s k -
.
()
R2 M 2
m ? ( 9')
- max
:
m
() (
).

()
M1
?

H
R1
() , h t -
m .


T2 - T1 -()
: .
mg sin T2 f s 0

fs

T1 R1 0
T1 0
mg sin f s sin
mg
T2 0
T2 R2 T1 R2 0 T2 T1

f s s N s mg cos
s mg cos

f smax

tan max s

max

mg sin T2 f k ma
T1 R1 I11

and

f smax s mg cos
sin

s cos
mg
mg
arctan s
:()

f k k N k mg cos

and I1 M 1 R12

T2 R2 T1 R2 I 2 2

and I 2 M 2 R22

a 1 R1 2 R2
mg sin T2 f k ma

)(

T2 mg sin k cos ma

2 a

T1 R1 I11 M 1 R1
T1 M 1a

R1

T2 M 1 M 2 a
a

T2 R2 T1 R2 I 2 2 M 2 R22
T2 T1 M 2 a

R2

0 M 1 M 2 a mg sin k cos ma M 1 M 2 m a mg sin k cos

mg sin k cos
M1 M 2 m

a
1 R

a
2 R2

mg sin k cos
M 1 M 2 m R1

mg sin k cos
M 1 M 2 mR2

: ( ) "
T1 M 1a

T1

T2 M 1 M 2 a

T2

M 1mg sin k cos


M1 M 2 m

M 1 M 2 mg sin k cos
M1 M 2 m

() , .
, () , . s t -
, t:
2

a yt

ht h0 v0 t
2
2
a yt

v0 0
ht H

2
mg sin k cos sin 2

ht H
t
h0 H

2 M 1 M 2 m

mg sin k cos
a y a sin
sin
M1 M 2 m

18
. L m
2L . 2m m 10
, v 50 m sec ( .
).
. L 2m :
() ,
?
2L
[ :
]
?

()
L
()
?
m
2m
v
() () ? !

() . M m m 10 1.1m -

:
m
v 50
m
v Mu 1.1mu

v 11u

u
4.5
10
11 11
sec
. U -
~
U -
. :
1
~2
~2
2 1
2 1
2
2
Mu MU 2mU

M u U 2mU
2
2
2
~
~
Mu MU 2mU

M u U 2mU
:
~
u U U
:
M 2m
1.1m 2m
0.9
m
Mu MU 2mu U

U
u
u
4.5
M 2m
1.1m 2m
3.1
sec
m
m
m
m
~
~

U 1.3

U u U 4.5
1.3

U 3.2
sec
sec
sec
sec

~
() . h - h -
:

h 0.08 m 8 cm

~
h 0.51m 51cm

1.3 m sec2
U2
h

2 g 2 10 m sec2
~

~ U2
3.2 m sec2
h

2 g 2 10 m sec2

1
Mgh MU 2
2
~ 1
~
2mgh 2mU 2
2

~ ~
() T f - T - f - :

T 2.8 sec

ML
L
2m
2
2
LMg
g
10 m sec2
f 0.36Hz

~
T 4 sec

T 2

1
1

T 2.8 sec

2m2 L 2
2L
4m
~
T 2
2
2
2
2 L2m g
g
10 m sec
~
f 0.25Hz

~ 1
1
f ~
T 4 sec

() () t T 2 1.4 sec
~ ~
. t T 2 2 sec "- "
( ).

19
, M 1 R1
M 2 . R2 m1 M 1 m 2
M 2
M2
R2
. m1 H
M1 R
.
1
() m 2 m1
?
m1 m 2 - m 2 m1
() , :
m2
).

() (
m1
() ?
() , h t - m1
H

() :
T1 m1 g

m2
R1

T2 m2 g sin R2 m2 g sin R1m1 g

m1 R2 sin

T1 m1 g 0
m2 g sin T2 0
R2T2 R1T1 0

. m 2 m1 ,)() (
: .
T1 m1 g m1a1

m2 g sin T2 m2 a 2
R2T2 R1T1 I

and I I1 I 2

a1 R1

a 2 R2

and

M 1 R12 M 2 R22

2
2

)(

T1 m1 g m1a1

T1 m1a1 m1 g m1R1 m1 g

m2 g sin T2 m2 a 2

T2 m2 g sin m2 a 2 m2 g sin m2R2

M 1 R12 M 2 R22

R2T2 R1T1

M R2 M R2
R2 m2 g sin m2R2 R1 m1R1 m1 g 1 1 2 2
2
2

2 g m2 R2 sin m1 R1 M 1 R12 M 2 R22 2m1 R12 2m2 R22

a1 R1

a 2 R2

2 g m2 R2 sin m1 R1

M 1 2m1 R12 M 2 2m2 R22


2 gR1 m2 R2 sin m1 R1
a1
M 1 2m1 R12 M 2 2m2 R22
2 gR2 m2 R2 sin m1 R1
a2
M 1 2m1 R12 M 2 2m2 R22
:

T1 m1a1 m1 g m1 a1 g

2 R1 m2 R2 sin m1 R1
T1 m1 g 1
2
2
M 1 2m1 R1 M 2 2m2 R2

2 R2 m2 R2 sin m1 R1
T2 m2 g sin m2 a 2 m2 g sin a 2 T2 m2 g sin

M 1 2m1 R12 M 2 2m2 R22

, , .() ( )
: . ,) (, ,
2

a1t
a1t 2
ht h0 v0 t
H

gR1 m2 R2 sin m1 R1 t 2

2
2

ht H

2 gR1 m2 R2 sin m1 R1
M 1 2m1 R12 M 2 2m2 R22
a1
M 1 2m1 R12 M 2 2m2 R22

21
m1 1kg . x 15cm
m 2 2kg x
h 1m .
- -
0.25cm . 0.75N
() ? k , , f ,
m1 ? m 2
m2
m1
() ( )?
x
() m1 ?
h
() ? m 2

() " :
N
k 300
m
rad
sec

17.32

0.75 N
F

x 0.0025 m

300 N m
kg m 1
k

300

m1
1 kg
sec2 m kg
17.32 rad sec
f

f 2.756 Hz
2
2 rad

() ,
m1 , , ,
.
m1 :

m
sec

v1 2.6

k
rad
x x 17.32
0.15 m
m1
sec

:
m1 v1 u1 v1 u1

u12

m1 v12

v1

m2u 22

m2u 2 m1 v1 u1
( ):

1 2 1

kA m1v12
2
2

A x

m2u 22

m1u12

m1v12

m1v1 m1u1 m2u 2


u 2 v1 u1

" m1 :
m m2
1 kg 2 kg
m
m
m2 v1 u1 m1 v1 u1
u1 1
v1
2.6
u1 0.87
m1 m2
1 kg 2 kg
sec
sec
m1 , , . 0.87 m sec
m 2 :
m
m
m
0.87

u 2 1.73

sec
sec
sec
m 2 , , , ,
u 2 v1 u1 2.6

. 1.73 m sec

~
() , , A ,
: u1 ,

~
A 0.05 m 5 cm

u1
m1
0.87 m sec
u1

k
17.32 rad sec

~
A

1 ~2 1
kA m1u12
2
2

() m 2 , x
( ) . , m 2 , y .:

2h
g
x 0.78 m

2 1m
2h
m
1.73
g
sec 9.8 m sec2

1 2
gt
2

x u 2t u 2

21
, . M 1
R1 M 2 . R2
M
2
M1
.
R2
R1
m . Y .
() ( ).
() ?
Y
() , v y -
? !
. v y
() ? v y -
m
! . v y

() .
( ) . :
mg T1 T2 ma
M 1 R12
2
M R2
and I 2 2 2
2

and I1

R1T1 I11
R2T2 I 2 2

a 1 R1 2 R2

()
M 1a

2
M 2 R22 a
M 2 a
R2T2 I 2 2

T2

2 R2
2

mg T ma

mg

ma

1
2
T T1 T2 0

R1
2mg

M 1 M 2 2m
a
2 R2
T1

M
M

mg 1 2 m a
2
2

2mg
M 1 M 2 2m R1
2mg
M 1 M 2 2m R2

M 1 R12 a
2 R1

R1T1 I11

() , () , .:
v 2a y Y 2a y Y
mg y Y

v y 2
2mg

M 1 M 2 2m
a

M 1 M 2 2m

v02

() ( ).
, ,
.:
1
1
1
0 mg y Y mv 2 I112 I 2 22
2
2
2
M
M
1
1
v2 1
v2 1

mg y Y mv 2 M 1 R12 2 M 2 R22 2 m 1 2 v 2

2
2
2
2
R1 2
R2 2

mg y Y
M 1 M 2 2m

v y 2

().

22
, m 50gr M 1 1kg M 2 5kg
. .
, k1 250 N m k 2 500 N m -
.
() , v , , ? A1 10 cm
() ,
, A2 , ,
M2 k
m
k1
M1
2
?
() t 0 -
, x(t ) , , u (t ) ,, a (t ) ,
?


() , , , , , ,
, .
, , ,
:
k
250 N m
1
1
m
k1 A12 M 1V 2

V 1 A1
0.1 m 1.58
2
2
M1
1 kg
sec
:
M
1 kg
m
m

0 M 1V mv

v 1V
1.58

v 31 .6

m
0.05 kg
sec
sec
() - ,
:
0.05 kg
m
m
m
mv m M 2 U

U
v
31 .6
0.313
m M2
0.05 kg 5 kg
sec
sec
,:
m M2
0.05 kg 5 kg
1
1
m
k 2 A22 m M 2 U 2

A2
U
0.313
2
2
k2
500 N m
sec
A2 0.0315 m 3.15 cm

() :

dxt
A2 sin t
dt

vt

xt A2 cos t

dvt
2 A2 cos t 2 xt
dt
500 N m
rad
9.95
0.05 kg 5 kg
sec

3
2

vt 0.313 sin 9.9 5t

at 3.12 sin 9.95 t

at

k2

m M2

cos 0

v0 A2 sin U 0
sin 0
3

xt 0.0315 cos 9.95 t

vt 9.95 0.0315 sin 9.95 t

at 9.952 0.0315 sin 9.95 t

x0 A2 cos 0

23
m M R .
f . .
() ( ) .
() ( ) .
M
() , f ,
?
R
() () , , t 2 ,
,
, t1 ?
m
()?

() I - , T1 - a1 - , ,
:
mg T1 ma1

Ma1

mg
ma1
Ma1 R
Ma1
1
2 a1
2
RT1 I1 MR

T1

2
2
2
R
a
2mg
2mg

2mg 2m M a1

a1

1 1
2m M
R 2m M R
() T2 - a 2 - , ,
:
mg T2 ma2

(1) T2 mg ma2
MR 2 a 2 Ma2 R
Ma2

RT2 Rf I 2

(2) T2 f

2
2
2 R
Ma2
2m M a 2 2mg f
)(1) (2

f mg ma2

2
a
2mg f
2mg f

a2

2 2
2m M
R 2m M R
() :
2mg f
a2
0

mg f 0

f mg
2m M
() , () , . v1 -
, t1:

0 v1 a 2 t 2

2mg 2m M
t2
t

2mg f 2m M 1
v1 a1t1

a1
t
a2 1

t2

mg
t
f mg 1

t2

v1 v10 a1t1

v10 0

v 2 v 20 a 2 t 2

v 20 v1

v2 0

() . :
t2

, , .

f mg 0

a2 0

24
, M 1 1kg , , , ,
m1 80 gr v1 300 m sec , m2 120 gr . v 2 250 m sec
, M 2 4.8kg .
. .
.
() , V1 , ?
()
, ,
M2
, V 2 ?
() ,
m1 , v1
m2 , v 2

. U 1 ,
M1
, U 2 ,
?

() ,
:
m v m2 v 2
0 M 1V1 m1v1 m2 v 2

V1 1 1
M1

0.08 kg 300 m sec 0.12 kg 250 m sec


m

V1 6
1 kg
sec
, . 6 m sec

V1

()
:
m v m2 v 2
m1v1 m2 v2 M 2 m1 m2 V2

V2 1 1
M 2 m1 m2
0.08 kg 300 m sec 0.12 kg 250 m sec
m

V2 1.2
4.8 kg 0.08 kg 0.12 kg
sec
, . 1.2 m sec

V2

() "" .
.
:
~
M 2 m1 m2 M 2
~
~

M 1V1 M 2V2 M 1U 1 M 2U 2
~
~
M 1V1 M 2V2 M 1U1 M 2 V1 U1 V2

V1 U 1 V2 U 2
U 2 V1 U 1 V2
~
~
M 1 M 2 V1 2M 2V2

U1
~
M1 M 2

m
sec

U1 6

1 kg 5 kg 6 m sec 2 5 kg 1.2 m sec


1kg 5kg

m
m
m
m
6

U 2 1.2
1.2

sec
sec
sec
sec
, .

U2 6

U1

U 2 V1 U 1 V2

25
, M R
2M . 2R m
f ,
2 M ,2 R
. m H
.
() , a , , 1 ,
M,R
m .
m
() , f ,
2
?
m
() , 2 , m
.
H
() , t , m
?

() 1 - :
mg T ma

1
9Ma
1
a 9MaR
RT 2 Rf I 1 MR 2 2M 2 R 2

T 2f
2
2
2
2
R
9M

1 2
mg 2 f m

2mg 2 f 2m 9M a
a
2

2mg 2 f
2mg 2 f
a

1
2m 9 M
R 2m 9M R

() :

2m 9M g

2m 9M g

mg 2 f

2mg 2 f g
a

2m 9M
2

() m . 2 -

:
9MR 2 2
9MR 2
1
1

2 Rf I 2 MR 2 2M 2 R 2 2

2f
2
2
2
2

4f

2
9MR

() , () (-) , . 1
, , 2 ,,
. y 0
y :
y10 H , y1 0, v10 0, a1 a

1
2H
1 y1 y10 v10 t1 1 a1t12
0 H at12
t1
2
2
a

2
2
2
v v 2a y y
v1 2aH
v1 2aH
10
1 1
10
1

v1
2aH

2 0, 20 1
R
R
2

2aH
t
0 1 2 t 2
t2 1
2
20
2
2

2
R 2
1
2m 9M 9M mg 2 f
2H
2aH
a

t t1 t 2

2 H

mg 2 f 2 f 2m 9M
a
R 2
a
R

26
, A H 60m , 30
. A , B , , mA mB
( , ,
) . B
.
() A
A
, ?
() s A
L 2
() , k 0.6 s -
B
t 1sec .
H
() ( ) ()
s , A 1.5 () , k

( ?) k 0.4 s

() - A:

sin s cos

mA g sin s mA g cos

1
0.577
3

smin

smin tan 30

s N s mA g cos

mA g sin f s f smax

tan s

f smax

)(

mA g sin f k mA a A

f k k N k mA g cos

mA g sin k mA g cos mA a A

g sin k g cos a A

a A sin k cos g

k 0.6 s 0.6 0.5 smin 0.6 0.5

1
3

0.3
m
0.173 a A sin 30
cos30 10
2
3
3

sec

0.3

1 0.3 3
m
1
m
m
10
a A
1 0.310
3.5

2
2
2
sec
sec2
3 2 sec
2
L
2
v A2 v A0
2a A
H
H

v A2 a A L a A

vA aA
2
sin
sin

v A0 0

v A 3.5

m
2

60m
m
20.5
sin 30
sec

sec
(1) mA v A mB v B mA u A mB u B

( 2) v A u A v B u B

v B 0,
mA mB

(1) (2)

uA 0

(1) (2)

u B vA

a A 3.5

(1) v A u A u B

( 2) v A u A u B

1
1
aA t 2 aA t 2
2
2
1
1
l B l B0 u B t a B t 2 v A t a B t 2
2
2

l A l A0 u A t

m
sec2

mB g sin mB a B

a B g sin 10

m
sec

sin 30 5

1
m
3 .5
1sec2

l A 1.75 m
2
2
sec
m
1
m
l B 20.5
1sec 5
1sec2

2
sec
2
sec

m
sec2

lA

l B 23 m

. A ()
~ min , , ,

s
s
: A
~s 1.5s 1.5 0.5smin 0.75smin

~s smin

27
m 2M . 2R
, M , R
, , .
H
.
() ( ,
).
() m ?
()
m h .
.

2M

2R

() I 1 - I 2 - :
mg T ma
2M 2 R 2
2 RT 2 Rf I11
and I1
4MR 2
2
2
MR
Rf I 2 2
and I 2
2
a 2 R1 R 2

()

Ma
2

m g a Ma

mg T ma

T m g a

2 a
2 RT 2 Rf I11 4MR

T f Ma
2R

MR a
Ma
Rf I 2 2

2
R
2

3M 2ma 2mg a 2mg

3M 2m
a
mg

1
1

3M 2m R
2R

2mg
a

2
2

3M 2m R
R

() , .
:
1
1
1
E mgH mgh mv 2 I112 I 2 22
2
2
2

2
2
1 2 1
1 MR 2 v
1
3M 2
2 v

mg H h mv 4MR

m
v

2
2
2 2 R
2
2
2R

4mg H h 2m 3M v 2

4mg H h
2m 3M

28
A /'' 30 42
' . A B ((mA = mB
.
()
A
B ? .
() s B
L
' ,k = 0.7s -
t
B
= 1 s .
40 m
: ,


.
() ( )
'
30
?2 .

() ''
. B :
s,min = tan 30 = 0.577
() . A
. A '' :
mv 2A
mgh mgh '
,
h = h = 20 m
2
m
m
v A 2 g (h h' ) 2 10 2 20 m 20
sec
sec
:
uB = vA = 20 m/s,
;uA = vB = 0
. :A
mgsin = maA

;)aA= gsin = 10 = 5 (m/s2


a t2
5 1
x A v 0, A t A 0
2.5 (m).
2
2
B :
mgsin fk = maB,
;fk = kN; k = 0.7s
;N mgcos = 0
;N = mgcos fk = kmgcos
:
;)aB = gsin - kgcos = 5 0.70.577100.866 = 5 3.498 = 1.502 1.5 (m/s2
aBt 2
1.5 m sec2 1sec2
m
x B v 0, B t
20
1sec

x B 20 .75 m
2
sec
2
() . ,
. .
.
' .

29
m = 2 kg ( ) M
= 18 kg .R = 50 cm .
.
() ( ) .
() , ,F , ,
, .k

().
:
.

M
R

F
R

() :
;mg T = ma
; = TR = I
;a = R
:

rad
sec2
() :

;I = MR2
TR = MR2
;T = MR

;mg MR = mR
;R = 50 cm = 0.5 m
2 kg 10 m sec2
mg

)R(m M ) 0.5 m (18 kg 2 kg

;mg T = ma
; = RT Rfk = I, fk = kN
;N F = 0
a' = R.

;N = F fk = kF
;MR = T kF
T ' k F
'
.
MR
'
. ( ):
;T = mg mR
mg mR ' k F
mg k F
mg k F
m
'
' (1 )
'
)R ( M m
MR
M
MR

31
m 100gr v 210 m sec , M 1 2.9kg
H 70cm L 50cm ,
. ,
, M 2 5kg .
M1
m, v
() , 0 ,
L
?

() , ,
?
M2
() , U ,
?
()
H
?

() , , :
~
M M 1 m 2.9 kg 0.1kg 3 kg
mv
~

mv M 1 m V0 M0 L

~ 0

ML
V0 0 L

0.1kg 210 m sec


rad

0
0 14
3 kg 0.5 m
sec
() .
:
~
~
~
MV MU1 M 2U 2
M M2 V
~
~

MV MU1 M 2 V U1

~ U1

M M2
V U1 U 2

~
V 0 L
M M 2 0

U1 L
M M2
3 kg 5 kg 14 rad sec 3.5 rad

3 kg 5 kg
sec
()
U 2 V U1 0 L L

U 2 0 L

rad
m
rad
U 2 14
3.5

U 2 5.25
0.5 m
sec
sec
sec
() , . -
:
2

a yt

gt 2
2H
y t y 0 v0 y t

H
0

2
2
g
y t 0, y 0 H , v0 y 0, a y g

t 0.37 sec

2 0.7 m
10 m sec2

,:

t
2

t 0 t

t
2

0 ,
0
rad

3.14 rad 3.5


1.83 rad 0.58 rad
0.37 sec
sec

, 0.58
.

31
m 2M . 2R , M
, R , , .
.
() ( , ).
( 12')
2
M
M
() m ?
, .
R
2R
()
.

() ,
m
()?

() I 1 - I 2 - .
:
mg T ma
2M 2 R 2
4 MR 2
2

and I1
MR 2
2

2 RT 2 Rfs I11

and I 2

Rfs I 2 2

a 2 R1 R 2

()

T m g a

T f s Ma

Ma

fs

2mg
a

3M 2m

Ma
2

mg a Ma

Mmg
3M 2m

fs

mg T ma
a
2R

2 RT 2 Rfs I11 4 MR 2
MR 2 a

2
R

Rfs I 2 2

3M 2ma 2mg

() , , .
" ~ a( ~1 - :) ~2 0
~mg T ma
~2 RT 2 Rf I
1 1

a~ 2 R~1
() : a~ a

2mg
3M 2m
~mg T ma
a~ a

~f k mg m M a

T mg a~

~
2 a
~
2 RT 2 Rf k I11 4MR

f k T Ma
2R

5M 4m mg
2mg

f k mg m M

fk
3M 2m
3M 2m

32

2 : AB
y - CD .x - AB
5 -'' . ''
21'' 2'' . x
. ,
.
61'' .AB
() .CD
() t = 0 A F
.AB -

. 4
.20 rad/s -
.F
() 4
?

y
D

C
B

()
)M CD ( R L / 2
)M (0.2 m 1 m
1.2M CD
CD

0.6 m
M CD M AB M sphere M CD 5 kg 2 kg 7 kg M CD
M CD 7 kg

7 kg 0.6 m
1.2 m 0.6 m

M CD

X CM

7 kg M CD 0.6 m 1.2M CD

()

20 rad sec
rad
5 2
4 sec
sec

0 t

0 0

I = IAB + ICD + Isphere


2
Isphere = MR 2 = 0.42(0.2)2 = 0.032 kg m2
5
1
M AB L2 M AB ( R L / 2) 2 (1/12)54 + 5(1 + 0.2)2 = 5/3 + 7.2 = 8.867 kg m2
= IAB
12
1
= ICD
M CD L2 M CD ( R L / 2) 2 (1/12)74 + 7(1+0.2)2 = 7/3 + 10.08 = 12.413 kg m2
12
I = 12.413 + 8.867 + 0.032 = 21.312 kg m2
= 21.3125 = 106.56 N m

106 .56 m N

F 48 .44 N
rF
= (L + R) F
F
LR
2.2 m
:.
()
=20 rev = 6.36 rev
:

= 0 + (0 +)t = (0 + 20)4 = 40 rad = 40/2 rev


5 rad sec2 4 sec2
0 0t

40 rad
2
2

t2

33
1.2'' ( )
.30 '' .120 N/m (
) 45 -''.
() .
() t = 0 .
.
() ( ) ' ,
x
31% - ? .
() .1.5 m/s -
, . )x(t
.

() :

mg sin 1.2 kg 10 m sec2 0.5

0.05 m
k
120 N m
:
L= 0.5 m = 50 cm

mgsin = kx

L = 0.45 m + 0.05 m

()

T 0.2 sec 0.63sec

1.2 kg
m
2
k
120 N m

T 2

() .
()
rad
sec

A 0.15 m

1.5 m sec
10 rad sec

v max

=0

10

2 rad
2

T
0.2 sec

2 f

dx
A sin t
v max A

dt
x(t = 0) = Acos = A
cos = 1

'' :
)x = 0.15 m cos(10 rad/sec t

34
A ma - ( ) . v 0 ,
B , , C - mb mc - , L0 .
. , A B
.
() , v a , A , v b , B ?
() A ?
() ()
, B
ma , v0
mb
mc
A , C
C
A
B
, L , BC -
?

() , u
A
L0
, C - ?

() :
m mb

va a
v
ma mb 0

2m a
v
ma mb 0

vb

ma v0 ma v a mb v0 v a

ma v0 ma v a mb vb

v 0 v a vb

m mb
v 0
vb v0 v a 1 a

m
a
b

()

mb ma

v0

ma mb
ma mb

0 va

() , A C . L0
: B

L
L0 v a t

t 0
vb

va

L1
L0
vb
v
1 b L

0
0
a

L1 vb t
va
v a 0

L L0 L1

mb m a
L
mb m a 0

L0

2m a
L 1
mb m a

() :
ma ma mb
v
ma mb ma mc 0

2m a
mb m a

2m a
m a mb

vb
va

ma v a ma mc U
U

ma mb

m m v0
b
a

ma v a
ma

m a mc m a mc

35
M 2 kg L 2 m .
, , m 4 kg , , ,
r1 L 4 , [ , r2 ()].
() , r2 , [ ()] .
?
() 60


r2
m
[ ()] .

, ,
m
m
?
M,L
() :
M,L
r1
r2
( )1 )2( .
()
()
.

() (
) . .
- .
, :
L

Mg sin 90 mgr2 sin 90 mgr1 sin 90 0


4
L

M mr2 mr1 0
L

4
M mr2 mr1

4
rcm
0

2m M

ML
L M

ML 4mr2 r1 0

r2 r1

r2 1
4m
4
m
1
L
m
4
8

r2

2 m 2 kg
1

4 4 kg

r2

() ( ).

Mg sin 90 mgr2 sin 90


gL
2M m cos
8

L
cos
8

L
4

Mg cos mg

L
4
sin 90 cos

r2

10 m sec2 2 m
2 2 kg 4 kg cos60 10 m N
8

- , , .

() 0 - - .
( )1 :

ML2
7 ML2 7 2 kg 2 m 2 7
L
M

kg m 2 1.17 kg m 2
12
48
48
6
4
2

I1

mL2 4 kg 2 m 2 1
L
I2
m

kg m 2 0.25 kg m 2
8
64
64
4

7
1
17

I I1 I 2 kg m 2 kg m 2 kg m 2 1.42 kg m 2
6
4
12

10 m N
120 rad
rad
0 10 m N

0 0

0
7.06
2
2
I 17 12 kg m
17 sec
sec2
2

mr22

( )2 : -
.
:
0

36
r 20 cm m 2kg
L 60 cm . M 4kg ( ).
() , T , ,
.
() , max ,
? max 4 rad sec
.
() , max , '.
()
, ?

()
I
mgd

T 2

m M 1 M 2 2 kg 4 kg 6 kg
1
1
M 1 R 2 M 1 ( L R ) 2 M 2 L2
2
3

I I1 I 2

1
1
2 kg 0.2 m 2 2 kg 0.6 m 0.2 m 2 4 kg 0.6 m 2 1.8 kg m 2
2
3
d .
x - .
, , x1 L R 0.8 m ,
x 2 L 2 0.3 m .:
I

M 1 x1 M 2 x 2 4 kg 0.3 m 2 kg 0.8 m

0.47 m
M1 M 2
6 kg
T 1.59 sec

1.8 kg m 2

d X CM

T 2

6 kg 10 m sec2 0.47 m

() '':

d t
dt
~ - . (
):
t max cos~t

d t
rad
~ max sin ~t

max ~ max
dt
4 sec

T
rad 1.59 sec
max max
max max

max 0.2 rad 11.4


~

2 T
2 4 sec
2
:
. 0

()

d t
~ 2 max cos~t

max ~ 2 max
dt

2
2
rad
~ 2 max
~ max
max

T
1.59 sec 4 sec

rad
sec2

max 3.1

d t
2

dt 2

max

() , , . d 0.47 m -

37
m - . v 0 , ,
, M . . ,
,
.
() , v1 , , V1 , ?
() ?
() , v 2 , , V 2 ,
M
?
() ,
m, v0
?
,
?

() - :
mM
mv0 mv1 M v0 v1

v1
v
mM 0

2m
v
mM 0

V1

mv0 mv1 MV1

v0 v1 V1

mM
V1 v0 v1 v0 1

mM

()
M m

mM
v
mM 0

0 v1

()
() . ,,
,
.

, :
V
m
v0 1
mM
2

v 2 V2

mv0
mM

mv0 m M U

v2 V2 U

, ,
( ) :
v 2 V2 U

mv1 MV1 m M U

v0
mv1 MV1
1 mM
2m

mm M 2mM

v0 M
v0
m
mM
mM mM
m M m M 2
v0
mv0
mv0
V1
m
2

U
m

mM

2
2
0
mM
mM
2
m M 2
m M 2
!
U

() , ,
, . , ,
.

. ,
( +) . ,
, , .

38
m , .
k . , ,
.
() , ,
, smin , ,
m
.
min
s s "
() 2
k
. k 4 s 5 , v t ,
.
()
. , , L ,

( " .) F k L :


() .
, , .
:
Fy N mg cos 0

N mg cos

f s s mg cos

f s s N

mg sin smin mg cos 0

smin tan

Fx mg sin f smin 0
sin smin cos 0

()
. , :
F y N mg cos 0

N mg cos

f k k mg cos

fk k N

Fx mg sin f k ma

mg sin k mg cos ma
a sin k cos g

4
4 min 2
2
2

s s smin tan

a sin tan cos g


5
5 2 5
5
5

3
2

a 1 g sin

a g sin
5
5

:
vt v0 at
3

vt at

vt gt sin

v0 0
5

() .
" . T kL : , ( ) ,
. .
, , , ( )
. .
. .
:
Fy N mg cos 0

N mg cos

f s s mg cos

f s s N

mg sin s mg cos T min 0

Fx mg sin f s T 0

T min mg sin s cos

smin

tan
tan
1

T min mg sin
cos

T min mg sin
2
2
2
2

. ,
, , " :
tan
3

T max mg sin s cos mg sin


cos
T max mg sin
2
2

1
3
T min T T max

mg sin T mg sin
2
2
mg
3mg
T kL

sin L
sin
2k
2k

39
m 3 kg , , . k 768 N m
80 cm . ,
. M 9 kg
M
() , f , ?

() ?

() , x t , ,
k

a a x i a
j a z k
y
u t , , a t , T ( t 5T 12
m

) . M

ab
cos

a
b

a
b

a
b

z z

a a x i xa yx j ayz ky

a a x i a y j a z k

(a b a b ) j (a b a b )k
a b (a y baz :b
az bab
y )icos
z
x
x
z
x
y
y
x

()
a x bx a y b y a z b z

~
a b ab cos a x bx a y b y a z bz
M mM

sin
768 N m
1
k
1
4
a b aba

b
bx f ax bz ) j (a x b y a y b
)k f Hz 1.27 Hz

f (a y bz a z b y )i (a

k
z
x

m
M
2 3 kg 9 kg

2 f a b ~ (a b a b 2)i
(a

z bx a x bz ) j (a x b y a y bx )k
M y z z y
a b ab sin

a

ab
sin
() A0 - A - , M .
- . , ,
, - .
, :
1 2 1 2
k
kA0 mv

v A0
2
2
m

k
m
m
mM

A A0

k mM

m
k

mA0
m
v
mM
mM

m M mA0

k
mM
A 0.4 m

mv m M u

1
m M u 2 1 kA2
2
2

Au

3 kg
3 kg 9 kg

A 0.8 m

() t 0 , ,:
xt A cos t

x0 A cos
3

cos 0

x0 0
2 2

3
2

sin 0

u 0 A sin

dxt
A sin t
dt
0 v0

u t

dvt
2 A cos t 2 xt
dt
5T 3
t

5 2 3 5 3
7

12 2

t
2

2
12 2 6 2
3
3

at

1
cos t cos 2 3 cos 3 2

sin t sin 2 sin 3

3 2

m
m
2.77
sec
sec

xt 0.2 m

u t 1.6 3

at 12.8

m
sec2

768 N m
k
rad

8
mM
3 kg 9 kg
sec

1
xt 0.4 m
2

rad
3
0.4 m
u t 8
sec
2

rad
at 8
0.2 m

sec

41
,
M R 2M . 2R m
3m
, . 3m
H .
() , a1 , m , a 2 3m ,
15( .')
() , a~1 , m ~ , ,
3m 12( .')
() , hm ax , ( m
)? ( 8')

2 M ,2 R

M,R

3m
m

() 3m . m
. :

1
1
9
I MR 2 2M 2 R 2 MR 2
2
2
2

1 T1 mg 2mR T1 m g 2 R
1 T1 mg ma1

2 3mg T2 3ma2
2 3mg T2 3mR T2 3mg R

3 RT2 2 RT1 I
9

3 RT2 2 RT1 MR 2 2T2 4T1 9MR


2

a
a
1 2

2R R

1, 2 3 6mg R 4mg 2 R 9MR


14m 9M R 2mg

4mg

a1 2 R

a1

2mg

14m 9M

2mg
14m 9M R
a R

a2
2

14m 9M
, .

() 3m , T2 .
( ( )2 ) ():

~
~
1 T~1 mg ma~1
1 T1 mg 2mR~ T1 mg 2 R~

3 2 RT~1 I~
~ 9
~

~3 2 RT1 MR2~ 4T1 9MR

~
a
2

~ 1
2R

1 3
8m 9M R~ 4mg
~ 4mg 2 R~ 9MR

4mg
8m 9M R

8mg

a~1

8m 9M

~a~1 2 R

() , () (-) , .
A , , 3m .
m , y A ( H -
,) . B , , m
. y 0 y :
a 2 R 2a

y A 2H
2
1
y A0 0,
v A0 0,
a A a1
2

v 2A 4a1 H

v A 4a1 H
v A v 2A0 2a A y A y A0
y B 0 y A 2 H ,
v B 0 v A 4a1 H ,
v B 0,
a B a~1

0 4a1 H 2a~1 y B 2 H
v B2 v B2 0 2a B y B y B 0
a~ a
4mg
8mg
8mg
hmax y B 2 1 ~ 1 H 2

a1
8m 9 M 14m 9 M
8m 9 M
94m 3M
H
14m 9 M

hmax

A
B

2
1

8m 9 M H
8m 9 M 14m 9 M

41
m1 . ,
, . m 2
H
. . k
() . t t
? ( 25')
() m 2 m1
? ( 25')

m2

m1


:)() (
m1a1 m1 g sin k N1

a1 g sin k cos

N1 m1 g cos

m2 a 2 m2 g sin k N 2

a 2 g sin k cos

N 2 m1 g cos

(
: . m2 - m1 t 2 - t1 - L2 - L1 - .)
L1 L10 v10 t1
L1

H
sin
t2

t t 2 t1

1 2 1 2
at at
2 1 1 2 1 1

t1

2H

a1 sin

2H
g sin k cos sin

sin k cos sin

2H
g sin k cos sin

2 H
g

sin k cos sin

x , . y x ()
. x
: , x ,
v
m2
m1v1x m2 v 2 x m1 m2 u x 0

1x
m1
v2 x
v1 v1 t1 v10 a1t1 a1t1
a1 g sin k cos

t1

2H

g sin k cos sin

v1

2 gH sin k cos
sin

2 gH sin k cos
cos
sin

v1x v1 cos

v 2 x v 2 cos

2 gH sin k cos
cos
m2
sin

m1
2 gH sin k cos

cos
sin

m2 cos

m1 cos

2 gH sin k cos
cos
sin

1 k cot
1 k cot

sin k cos sin


sin k cos sin

cos
cos

42
m -
, .
. R , M ,
m , .
m . s
: m
()
22( . m')
() M m
22( .')
() ? ( 12')

() , m , a r , (
) . . ,
, f s (
) . . s N f sm a x f s f sm a x s N :
, ,":
2
ma r m R T f s cos N sin
0 T f s sin N cos mg
0 T Mg

() :
( - M m m i n )1 .
( ) . f s f smax s N ::

mar m 2R T f smax cos N sin

m 2R Mg cos N s cos sin

0 T f smax sin N cos mg

0 N cos s sin m M sin g

f smax s N

0 T Mg

cos sin
m M sin g
m M sin g
N

m 2R Mg cos s
cos s sin
cos s sin

m 2R g s cos 2R s g sin

Mg cos2 s sin cos s sin cos sin 2 Mg


2R

2R

s cos
s 1 sin

m min g

( - M m max )2 .

( ) . f s f smax s N :
" s s - :
2R

2R

M

s cos
s 1 sin

m max g

":
M M
M



m min m m max

2R

2R

2R

M 2R

sin

cos

1
sin

cos

1
s
s
s
s
g

() . f s 0
" s 0 :

2R
M
cos sin

g
m 0

43
M 2kg L 0.5m
0 60 .
m 1kg
h 1m .
() , f , m
, ? ( 5')
() ,
u ( )? ( 8')
~
() , 0 , ? (7
')
() 5( ? m')

M, L

() , , . , ,
":
I
1
1 dMg
1 L 2Mg
1 3g
T 2

f
2
dMg
T 2
I
2
2 2 L
ML 3

f 0.87Hz

3 10 m sec2
2 0.5m

1
2

() ,
, , ,
.
, 0 ,
:

1
MgH I 02

L
1 ML2 2
3g
2

1 cos 0
Mg
1

cos

0
2
2 3
L
L

H 1 cos 0

2
3 10 m sec2 1
rad

0 5.48
1

ML2
0.5m
sec
2

:
1 2 1
1
I 0 mu 2 I 2

mu 2 I 02 2 I 0 0
2
2
2
I 0 Lmu I

Lmu I 0
:
u L 0

:
ML2
0 3m0 M 0
mL2 0 I 0
3
M 3m
2kg 3kg
rad
rad

5.48

1.1
M 3m
2kg 3kg
sec
sec
( ) , ,
. 1.1 rad sec
m :

rad
rad
m
u L0 0.5m5.48
1.1

u 2.19

sec
sec
sec

, , ,,
. 2.19 m sec
~
() , , 0
, : ,

L
1 ML2 2
L 2
~
~
~ 1 2
Mg
1

cos

cos

0
0
MgH I

2
2 3
3g

~
~ L
L 2
~
~

H 1 cos 0

0 arccos1

0 11.53

3g

() , x
( ) . , , y .
:
1
2h
h gt 2

t
2
g

x 0.98m

2h
m
2 1m
2.19
g
sec 10 m sec2

x ut u

44
M " .
, , m1 r1 m 2
. r2 . M H
. M " s k -.

.
() , r2 r1 ,
m2 , r2
? ( 7')
M
:
m1 , r1
() ( ).
( 7')
r2 2r1 2r :M m2 2m1 2m -
H
() ( )? ( 6')

() , h t - M
5( .')


. f s - M Fs -()
:
Mg sin T Fs 0

T Fs Mg sin

m1 m2 g sin T f s 0

r1

m1 m2 g sin 1 T

r
r2 f s r1T 0 f s 1 T
r2
r2

r2

Fsmax s Mg cos

m1 m2 g sin 1 r1 Fs Mg sin

Fs s N s Mg cos

Fs Mg sin
r2

r1 m1 m2 M g sin Fs

r2
M s cos sin

r
1 max m1 m2 M sin M s cos

Mg sin T Fk Ma

and Fk k N k Mg cos
m1 m2 g sin T f s m1 m2 a~

:()

I1 m1r12
and
I 2 m2 r22
and a a~ r1

r2 f s r1T I1 I 2
a~ r2

3mg sin T f s 3m2r

)(

2rf s rT mr 2 2m2r 2

2mg sin k cos T 2m3r

f s 3m g sin 2r T

T m2 g sin 7 r

T 9mr
fs

T m6r 2 g sin k cos

6r 2 g sin k cos 2 g sin 7r

~
a 2r

a 3r

42 sin k cos g
a~
13
62 sin k cos g
a
13

22 sin k cos g
13r

. ,()
, y - a y - . ,) (,
:

a yt 2

ht h0 v0 t
2
2
a
t

y
v0 0

ht H

3 sin 2 sin k cos g 2


2

ht H
t

h0 H

13

6 sin 2 sin k cos g

a y a sin
13

45
m1 M R
. m 2
k .
m2
m1 H
M R
.
() ?
( 5')
() m1 .
8( .')
m1
() , A f
5( .')
H
() , h t , , v t ,a t ,
m1 7( .')

() :

mg

m1 g kL

L 1

k
T1 T2
() :

m 2

m1 g T1 0
T2 kL 0
T1 R T2 R 0

m1 g T1 m1a
T2 kx m2 a

MR 2
2

and I

T1 R T2 R I
a R

m1 g T1 m1a
T1 m1 g a

T2 kx m2 a
T2 kx m2 a
2m1 g a kx m2 a Ma

MR 2 a
T1 R T2 R I

2T1 T2 Ma
2
R

M 2m1 m2 a 2m1 g kx

M 2m1 m2 a 2k L x

m1 g kL

~
~
~ Ma k
x

m1 g
k

~
M M 2m1 m2

~
k 2k

x x L

()

AH
2k
M 2m1 m2
2k
M 2m1 m2

1
2

~
k
~
M

() t 0 m1 :

xt H cos t

x0 H cos

cos 1

x0 H

ht H xt H 1 cos t H 1 cos t

2k
ht H 1 cos
t
M 2m1 m2

dxt
A sin t
dt

vt

dvt
2kH
2k
2 A cos t at
cos
t
dt
M 2m1 m2 M 2m1 m2

at

2k
2k
sin
t
M 2m1 m2 M 2m1 m2

vt H

() :

2kH
2k
T1 t m1 g
cos
t
M 2m1 m2 M 2m1 m2


2m2
2k
T2 t kH 1
t
cos

M 2m1 m2 M 2m1 m2

46
M 1 2kg , L1 0.6m
1 3 0 60 .
M 2 1kg L2 0.8m
.
() , , ,
? ( 6')
() , , 1 ,
, 2 , ( )? ( 7')
~
() , 0 , (
)? ( 6')
() , ,
6( ? 0.01 Nm')

T1 m1 g a
T2 kx m2 a

M 1 , L1

M 2 , L2

() , , .
.:
2
2
2
M L
M L 1 M L
I1 I cm M 1d12 1 1 M 1 L1 6 2 1 1 1 1 1
12
12 3
9
2 L1
3g
t 0.1 0.314 sec

T 2
0.6m

6 10 m sec2

M 1 L12 9
L1 6M 1 g

L1
6g

I1
2
d1 M 1 g
t

T 2
T
4

() ,
, , ,
.
, 0 ,
:

1
M 1 gH I1 02

L1
1 M 1 L12 2
3g
2

1 cos 0
M
g
1

cos

0
1

0
6
2
9
L
L1
1
1 cos 0
H
6

3 10 m sec2 1
rad

0 5
2
1

0
M 1 L1
0.6m
sec
2

I1

(* ) :
1
1
1
I1 02 I112 I 2 22

I 2 22 I1 02 12 I1 0 1 0 1
2
2
2
I1 0 I11 I 2 2

I 2 2 I1 0 1
:
2 0 1

:
I I
M L2 9 M 2 L22 12
4 M 1 L12 3M 2 L22
I 2 0 1 I1 0 1
1 1 2 0 1 12

0
0
I1 I 2
M 1 L1 9 M 2 L22 12
4 M 1 L12 3M 2 L22

rad
sec

4 2kg 0.6m 2 3 1kg 0.8m 2

4 M 1 L12 3M 2 L22

4 2kg 0.6m 3 1kg 0.8m


rad
rad
rad
rad

1 1

2 0 1 5
1

2 6
sec
sec
sec
sec
( ) , ,
1 rad sec . 6 rad sec
2

3M 2 L22

4 M 1 L12

~
() , , 0
, : 1 ,

L1
L112
1 M 1 L12 2
~
~
1 cos 0
1

cos 0 1
M 1 g
6
2 9
3g

L112
~
~

arccos

0
0 11.48

3
g

~ 1
M 1 gH I112
2
~
~ L
H 1 1 cos 0
6

() .
:

0 2 t

t 2
M 2 L22 2

12
12

2
2
I2
M 2 L2 12
M 2 L2
t 32 sec

rad
sec

1kg 0.8m 2 6
12 0.01mN

:
M L2
t 2 2 2
12

I 2 2

0 I 2 2

L f Li

dL L

dt
t

(*) : ,
( ) . " ,
, l , l t rFt F
t - :
2L

I1 0 1 Ft I11
2L
L

I1 0 2 1 Ft I11 I 2 2

L2
3
2

Ft I 2 2

2
L2 2 L1 0.8m 2 0.6m

I1 0 I11 I 2 2
2
3
2
3

47
M " F "
. , , m1 r
m 2 . R .
M H . M
" s k - .
.
F
m2 , R
F
() , m a x,
M
? ( 7')
m1 , r
F - : Fmax F
() ( ).
( 7')
H
() (-) R 3r :m2 2m1 2 M -

r. M -
() ( )? ( 6')
() , vh - M , h , 5( .')

() Fs - M f s - .
F :
F Mg sin T Fs 0

T F Fs Mg sin

T m1 m2 g sin f s 0
r

m1 m2 g sin 1 T

r
Rfs rT 0 f s T
R
R

Rm1 m2 g sin R r F Fs Mg sin

R
m m g sin Fs Mg sin
R r 1 2
Fs s N s Mg cos
R
m1 m2 sin M s cos sin g
Fmax
R r

Fsmax s Mg cos

() :

F Mg sin T Fk Ma

and Fk k N k Mg cos
~T m1 m2 g sin f s m1 m2 a
I m1r 2
and 1
I 2 m2 R 2

a R r
()

T F Mgsin k cos 2 Mr

Rfs rT I1 I 2
a~ R a r

F Mgsin k cos T M 2r

f s T 3M g sin 3r
9

T Mg sin 23Mr
T 19Mr
2
2
2
3rf s rT Mr 2 M 3r
fs

2 F 2 Mgsin k cos 4 Mr 9Mg sin 46Mr

2 F Mg11sin 2 k cos
50Mr
32 F Mg11sin 2 k cos
a~
50M
2 F Mg11sin 2 k cos
a
25M

T 3Mg sin f s 3M 3r

a~ 3r

a 2 r

() , .
, () , . x - M
: h

2
2
v v0 2ax

22 F Mg11sin 2 k cos h H
hH
v0 0
v 2 h 2a
vh

sin
25M sin

hH

x
sin

48
m k1 ,
M R
k 2 ,
. H
.
()
, ? ( 5')
() m .
8( .')
() , A f
5( .')
() , h t , , v t , a t ,
m 7( .')

H
m

k1

k2


:()

mg

mg k1 k 2 L

k1 k 2
T1 T2

mg T1 k1L 0
T2 k 2 L 0
T1 R T2 R 0

:()

mg T1 k1 y ma

T1 mg a k1 y

T2 k 2 y 0

T2 k 2 y
2mg a k1 k 2 y Ma

MR 2 a
T1 R T2 R I

2T1 T2 Ma
2
R

M 2m a 2mg k1 k 2 y

mg k1 k 2 L
~
M M 2m

~
k 2k1 k 2
~
y y L

2R
A
4
~
k
~
M
f

~
~
Ma k ~
y

M 2m a 2k1 k 2 L k1 k 2 y 2k1 k 2 L y

)(

R
2

1
2

2k1 k 2
M 2m

2k1 k 2
M 2m

: , , m t 0 ()
y t A cos t
y 0 A cos

y 0 A

cos 1

ht H y t H A cos t

vt

dyt
A sin t
dt

at

dvt
2 A cos t
dt

2k1 k 2

cos
t
M 2m

2k1 k 2

k1 k 2
vt R
sin
t

2M 2m M 2m

Rk1 k 2 2k1 k 2
a t
cos
t
M 2m

M 2m

ht H

49
m 1kg . x 15cm
M 5kg L 1m x .

.
m
- 1mm-
x
. 1.8N
() ? k , , f ,
? ( 6')
() , u , , , ,
( )? ( 7')
M, L
() m ? ( 6')
() , ,
6( ? 0.02 mN')

() ~ - "
:
F
1.8N
N
k

k 1800
x 0.001m
m
rad
sec

~ 42.43

1800 N m
k
kg m 1

1800
m
1kg
sec2 m kg
~ 42.43 rad sec
f

f 6.75 Hz
2
2 rad

() ,
m , , ,
.
m :
1 2 1 2
kA mv
k
m
~ x 42.43 rad 0.15m

v
x

v 6.36
2
2

m
sec
sec

A x

:
1 2 1
1
mv mu 2 I 2

I 2 m v 2 u 2 I v u v u
2
2
2
L
L
L
mv mu I

I mv u
2
2
2
:
2
v u
L
m :

L
L
2
L
ML2 2
v u 3mv u M v u
mv mu I v u mu
2
2
L
2
12 L
6.36 m sec
3m M
3 1kg 5kg
v
m
u
v u
v
u
u 1.59
3m M
3 1kg 5kg
4
4
sec
, , . 1.59 m sec -
:
2
2
m
m
rad
v u
6.36
1.59

9.54

L
1m
sec
sec
sec

( ) , ,
. 9.54 rad sec -
~
() , , A ,
, u , :
u
1.59 m sec
1 ~2 1
m
~
~
kA mu 2

A
u ~

A 0.0375m 3.75cm
2
2
k
42.43 rad sec

() ,:

2
2

ML2 2

24

948rad
474

rev 150.88rev
2 rad rev

948rad

0 2 2

12

2
I
ML 12
ML2

rad

5kg 1m 2 9.54

sec


24 0.02 mN

51
M , R , " F "
. , ,
m1 r1 m 2 . r2
.
.
() , Fc ,
m2 , r2
F M,R
? ( 7')
m1 , r1
() ( )
F - 7( . F Fc')
() (-) r2 3r1 3R 2 :m1 m2 M -
R. M -
)
'

6
(
?
)

() (

() ?
( 5')

() Fs - f s - .
F Fc :

Mg sin T Fs Fc 0

2T Fc Mg sin

RT RFs 0 Fs T
m1 m2 g sin T f s 0

m1 m2 g sin 1 1 T

r1
r2 f s r1T 0 f s T
r2
r2
2r2

m1 m2 M g sin

2r2 m1 m2 g sin r1 r2 Fc Mg sin

Fc
r1 r2

: f s Fs -()

Mg sin T Fs F Ma

1
MR 2
2
m1 m2 g sin T f s m1 m2 a~
RT RFs I

and I

I1 m1r12
and
I 2 m2 r22
a R
and ~
~
a r2

r2 f s r1T I1 I 2 ~
2a a~ r1~

)(

R
2
~
a 1
4
2a a~ r1~ a~ r1 1 a~ a~
r2 3
3
r2 3r1

3R
2

r1

Mg sin T Fs F Ma
1
a
RT RFs MR 2
2
R

3
2Mg sin T f s 2 M a
2

Ma
Fs T
2

R
3R
R
3R a
f s T M M
2
2
2 R
2
2

a~ 3a 2 a


r2 3R 2 R

3
a~ a
2

1 3Ma

Mg sin F

2 2

2Mg sin T f s 3Ma

f s 5Ma T

M
3g sin 7a
2

1 3Ma
M
3g sin 7a 17Ma 24Mg sin F
Mg sin F

2 2
2
24Mg sin F
34Mg sin F
24Mg sin F
a
a~
~
17M
17M
17MR
: ( ) , 0 f s ()

1
25Mg sin 2 F
5Ma T 1 5Ma M 3g sin 7a M a g sin
fs
3
3
2
34
2
F Fc 4Mg sin

2 F 8Mg sin 25Mg sin

0 fs
fs

(, , Fs 0 , F , Fs
:)
Ma M
Ma M
16F 13Mg sin
3g sin 7a
3g sin 8a
Fs T

Fs
2
2
2
2
34
13Mg sin 16F 64Mg sin
0 Fs
F Fc 4Mg sin
16F 64Mg sin

16F 13Mg sin
Fs 0

51
m , r , k . K -
, , M ( L ) .
.
() , 0 , , ,
? ( 5')
() , , 1 .
8( .')
k
M m 2 , L 4r K 3k -
M,L
m, r
m , r k -.
() , A T
K
5( .')
() , , t ,
, t ,

7( . t ,')

() :
m M g sin f s kl Kl 0
m M g sin k K l

rf s 0

fs 0

m M g sin

m M g sin
kK

l
k K r

() :
m M g sin f s kx Kx m M a

mr 2 ML2 a

a
L2

rf s I

f s m 2 M
12 r
6r
2

a
L2

m M g sin m 2 M k K x m M a
6r

2

m M g sin k K x 3 m L 2 1M a

12r

2

18mr 2 M L2 12r 2
k K x l
12r 2

~
~
~ k
x Ma

m M g sin k K l

~ 18mr M L 12r
M
12r 2
~
k kK
~
x x l
2

()

A 1 0 r

2m
3k

T 2

k k 3k 4k

m
18mr 2 4r 2 12r 2
8m
~
2
M

3
12r 2
~

2
M

~ T ~ 2

() t 0 , , :
xt A cos~t


3k

t
2m

t 0 1 0 cos

3k

3k
sin
t
2m 2m

3k

3k
cos
t
2m
2m

cos 1

x0 A cos

x0 A

xt
A
0 cos~t
r
r

t 0

t 1 0

d t
dt

t 1 0

d t
dt

52
, m1 m
, m2 3m , -
. m2
m2
, .
()
, T N , f s
25( .')

m
() , s , 2,
22( .')
() -
()? ( 5')

m1

m2

x
m
() 2 y .
. :
1 F1x T cos 3mg sin f s 0
1 f s T cos 3mg sin

2 F1 y N T sin 3mg cos 0 2 N 3mg cos T sin

3 T mg
3 F2 y T mg 0

3 1 f s mg cos 3mg sin


f s cos 3 sin mg

3 2 N 3mg cos mg sin


N 3 cos sin mg

() .
() f s: N -

cos 3 sin mg s 3 cos sin mg


cos 3 sin
3 cos sin

f s cos 3 sin mg s N

N 3 cos sin mg

cos 3 sin s 3 cos sin

() . , 0 N )1( :
m2 () , 0 s )2( .
)/( . , 90 m2
. :
1 sin 3 cos
0 N 3 cos sin mg

0 3 cos sin

0 s

2 3 sin cos

0 cos 3 sin

0 3 cos sin
3 sin cos
90

cos90 cos

2 . 3 2 1
:
2
2

1 sin 3 cos

sin 9 cos

2 3 sin cos

9 sin 2 cos2

9 1 cos2 1 sin 2

sin 2 1 9 1 cos2 9 cos2 8

3 sin cos

53
, m 4 kg , k 10 N m
, R 80 cm . v0 1 m sec .
. . k 0.1
c 30 .
() , a r ,
, a t , , v c ,
?
? ( 9')
() , W ,

? ( 8')
() , Wf ,

? ( 8')

v0


()
:
Fr mg sin N mar

a r g sin c

Nc 0

m
m

a r 9.8
sin 30

a r 4.9
2
sec
sec2
v2
ar c

vc2 Rar

vc Rg sin c
R
m
m
vc 0.8 m 9.8
sin 30

vc 2.0
2
sec
sec
.
: ,
Ft mg cos ks f k ma t
ks

a t g cos c

fk k Nc 0
m

s c R c
2

c 30 rad
6

a t 9.8

cos30

10 N m 0.8 m

a t g cos

a t 6.4

kR
3m

3 4 kg
sec2
. , ,

1
m vc2 v02
2
2

1
m
m
W 4 kg 0.8 m 9.8
sin 30 1

2
sec2
sec

W K

m
sec

R
s c R
3
2 6

1
m Rg sin c v02
2

W 5.8 J

Wg U g mg hc R mg R hc

Wg mgR1 sin c

hc R sin c

Wg 4 kg 9.8 2 0.8 m 1 sin 30

Wg 15.7 J
sec
1
1

Wk U k k sc2 0 ksc2
2
2 kR2
1 R

2
2

k
k
R
2 3
18

sc

Wk

2 10 N m 0.8 m 2

18

Wf W Wg Wk

Wf 5.8 J 15.7 J 3.5 J

Wf 6.4 J

Wk 3.5 J

)(

)(

54
m 100 gr v 210 m sec ( )
M 2.9 kg , r 5 cm
M
m, v
L 50 cm , (
L
) .

.
. k 0.4
() , 0 , ? (9
')
() , ,
? ? ( 9')
() , T ,
? ( 7')

() , , , ,
. I 1 - I 2 - .
. I 2 ,
2M , L r ,
:M

mvL r
I
I1 0.03 kg m 2

mvL r I 0

I1 mL r 2 0.1 kg 0.5 m 0.05 m 2

2 Mr 2
1 22 M r 2
I2
2M L r 2
M L r 2

2
5
5

I 2 0.88 kg m 2

rad
sec

2 2.9 kg 0.05 m 2
I2
2.9 kg 0.5 m 0.05 m 2
5

I I1 I 2 0.03 kg m 2 0.88 kg m 2 0.91 kg m 2

0 12.69

0.1kg 210 m sec 0.5 m 0.05 m


2

0.91 kg m

() .
, , :
L r f k I

L r k M m g

f k k N k M m g
I

rad
sec2

7.11

sec2

0.5 m 0.05 m 0.4 2.9 kg 0.1kg 9.8 m


2

0.91kg m

02 2
rad
sec

161.04 14.22
10.79

rad
sec

2 02 2

rad
rad

12.69
2 7.11 2
sec

sec

rad

161.04 14.22
sec

- 10 .79 rad sec


( ) . ,
0 . -
.
() :

T M m 2 L r

T M m a r

a r 2 L r

rad 2
T 2.9 kg 0.1 kg 161.04 14.22 2 0.5 m 0.05 m
sec

T 265.72 23.46 N

55
m1 6m , ,
m2 3m r ,
, .

m2
( ) .
min
() , s ,
? ( 9')
() s smin , ,
m1
. k ,
9( .
')
() () k -,
, k t -
7( .')

m
m

() f s1 - , f s2 - , f s -
. . n -
f s1 , f s - ( )
f s2 - ( ) .
:
m1 g sin n f s1 0
1

6mg sin n s N1 0

f s1 f s1max s N1
N f m g cos 0
2 1 smax 1

N1 s n 6mg cos 0

fs fs
s n
3 rf s2 rf s 0
f s2 f s s n
5mg sin
1 s

5mg sin n1 s 0

4 m2 2m g sin n f s2 0

5 N 2 f s m2 2m g cos 0
N 2 s n 5mg cos 0
1 s 2 6 6mg sin s cos n1 s2 0

5mg sin
1 s2 0
1 s

6mg sin s cos

4 6

6 s cos sin 5 sin 1 s 0

11sin
6 cos 5 sin

, , a 2 , , a1 ,()
:
m g sin f k1 m1a1

1 1
m1 g sin k m1 g cos m1a1 a1 sin k cos g
f k1 k N1 k m1 g cos

2 m2 2m g sin f s2 m2 2m a 2
3 rf s2 I

11mr 2

I I1 2 I 2
3

11ma2
5mg sin
5ma2

I1 m2 r 2 3mr 2

m2r 2 mr 2
I2

12
3
a
2
r

3 2
a1 a 2

sin k cos g 15 g sin


26

(3)

f s2

a2

15
g sin
26

11ma2
3

11
tan k
26

()
:
m g sin n f k1 m1a
1 1

6mg sin n k N1 6ma

f k1 k N1

2
3

N1 f k m1 g cos 0

N1 k n 6mg cos 0

fk k n

rf s2 rf k I

11ma

f s2 k n
11mr 2
a
3
I
,

3
r
m2 2m g sin n f s2 m2 2m a 5mg sin n f s2 5ma

4
5 N 2 f k m2 2m g cos 0
N 2 k n 5mg cos 0
1 k 2 6 6mg sin k cos 6ma n k2 1
3 4 7 15mg sin 26ma 3n k 1
311 5 k sin 6 k cos
6 g sin k cos 6a k 1
6

a
g
7
15 g sin 26a
3
222 13 k
: t -

311 5 k sin 6 k cos 2


0 0,

t
gt

422 13 k r

a 311 5 k sin 6 k cos



g

r
222 13 k r
311 5 k sin 6 k cos 2
t
k t

k t
gt
2
8 22 13 k r

t 0 0 t t 2
1
2
0 0

56
m 2m . R
, k .
() , L ,
5( .')
~
() , L , ,
8( .')
() () ,
. 7( .')
() , a t m 5( .')

2m R

() :
mg T 0

3mg

3mg kL 0

2mg T kL 0
k
() :
(1) mg T ma
~
(2) 2mg T kL 0
(3) T ma
mg
2

(6) T

a
RT mR 2
R

g
2

(5) a

mR 2

2mR 2
2

(3) RT I

and I

(4) a R

mg ma ma

)(3) (1

mg
~
~ 5mg
kL 0

L
2
2k
~
() () , L L
, :
~ 3mg 5mg mg
L L

0
k
2k
2k
:
(1) mg T ma
2mg

)(6) (2

(2) 2mg T ky 2macm


(3) T ma acm

a acm
TR mR 2

g acm
2
m g acm
(6) T
2

(5) a

and I mR 2

(4) a acm

)(3) (1

)(5) (3

)(6) (2

mg ma acm ma

g acm

T m
acm

m g acm
5mg
5m
2mg
ky 2macm
ky
acm
2
2
2
5mg
~
~ 5m
kL

k y L
acm
2
2

~ k
y Macm

(3) TR I

~ 5mg
L

2k
5m

~
~
y y L

() t 0 ,:

cos 1

k
k
2k

M
5m 2
5m

~
y t A cos t
~
y 0 A cos

~
y 0 A

~ mg
A L L
,
2k

2k
2k
g
2k mg
~acm t 2
y t 2 A cos t
cos
t cos
t

5
m
5
5
m
5m 2k

2k
g
t
5 cos
10
5m

at

g acm t
2

(5) at

57
, m 500 gr . xy
. k 12 N m . k 0.5
,
, .
y
:
x
A 4 m, 3 m . v A 6 m sec
B 0 m, 8 m . v B 8 m sec
k
C 5 m, 2 m . vC 2 m sec
C
B ,
A
R 2 m
B N y 4 N : .
m
() 9( ? L ,')
() ,
8( ?AC')
() , W N ,
, Wf , 8( ?AC')

() ,B , , ,
, , .
,,

N Ny

N N y y .
B ,
. , , , ,
, .B B
.
. :
2
N mg R mvB2
v
kLB N mg mar m B

LB
R
kR

LB 2.1 m

4 N 0.5 kg 9.8 m sec 2 m 0.5 kg 8 m sec

12 N m 2 m
L 5.9 m

L 8 m 2.1 m

LB

rB y B 8 m

L rB LB

~
() , , W , W , ,:
1
1
1

W K mvC2 mvA2 m vC2 vA2


~ 1

W m vA2 vC2
2
2
2

2
~

W W

m 2 m 2
~ 1
~
W 0.5 kg 6

W 8J
2

2
sec sec
.

() , , ,
:
D

W N N ds

WN 0

N ds

N ds 0
" ,
, , Wk , : Wg ,
Wf K U g U k

U g 4.9 J

Wf W Wg Wk

Wk U k

2 m 3 m

Wg U g ,
~
K W W

K 8 J

m
sec2

U k 3.4 J

W K ,

U g mgyC mgyA mg y C y A 0.5 kg 9.8

LA 5 m 5.9 m 0.9 m
LC 5.4 m 5.9 m 0.5 m

W Wg Wk Wf

5m

4 m 2 3 m 2

rA x A2 y A2

5 m 2 2 m 2

rC xC2 y C2

29 m 5.4 m

1
1
N
k LC 2 LA 2 12 0.5 m 2 0.9 m 2
2
2
m
Wf 8 J 4.9 J 3.4 J

Wf 6.5 J
U k

58
M v . R
, , ( ) ( ) ,
. k
.
, , , ,
, . m M 2 ( L R 5
R
).
m, L
() , ,
M
9( .')
() , a r ,
9( . ,')
R
R 5 m , v 4 m sec , M 400 gr :. k 0.5 -
() ,
( ) .
, F , , ,
, () , 7( .')


() , , .
(
) . ,
,:
MvR
MvR I

I
, , I1 -
I 2 - . I 3 -
. R
:
M
I1 MR 2 ,
I2
R2
2
M 2L2 M R L 2 M R 52 R R 2 M R 2 81R 2 61 MR2
I3

12
2
2
2 12
10 2 300 100 150

M 2 61
143
I I1 I 2 I 3 MR 2
R
MR 2
MR 2 1.91MR 2
2
150
75
MvR
75v
v

0
.
52
143R
R
143MR 2 75
() , . , , f k1
, N 1 , () . , , f k 2
, N 2 , , . z
, :
Rf k1 Rf k 2 I

f k1 k N1

143
143MR
MR 2 1 N1 N 2
R k N1 N 2
fk 2 k N 2
75
75 k

143

I
MR 2
75

N1 N 2 2 M a r g

150 k

a r g 1.05 k a r g
143R
R

~
N 2 Mg

M
~
M M 2
2M
2
~
Fr N1 Ma r
~
Fz N 2 Mg 0

143MR
2 M a r g
75 k

1 2

() R
, . rcm , F : 0

F k N1 N 2

2
N1 2M rcm

N 2 2 Mg

F 2 k M 2 rcm g

M
M
R 39 R
MR 2 R 2 R 10 40

RF Rf k1 Rf k 2 0

Fr N1 2 Mar

a r 2 rcm
Fz N 2 2 Mg 0

M
M
L
1
MR 2 R 2 R 2 2 M

1
~ rcm
M

v2
F 2 k M 0.27
g

2 rcm

2
v2
75v 39 R 43875v

0.27

R
143R 40 163592R

F 4.3 N

43875 4 m sec2
m
F 2 0.5 0.4 kg
9.8

sec2
163592 5 m

59
: m r
, 2m , r ( R 3r "-"
).
, , . M 3m
,
.

. k
M

mi n
() , s ,

r

( ) 9( .')
R
() s smin , ,
.

9( .')

() , a ,

7( . ,')

() Fs - , f s - .
. n - f s ,
Fs - ( ) . N1 - N 2 -
, . x y
. :

1
2

3mg sin n 0

3rFs rf s 0

4
5

5mg sin n Fs 0

n 3mg sin

Not needed here - only used to find N1

N1 f s 3mg cos 0

N 2 f s 5mg cos 0

1, 3 4

fs
3

Fs

8mg sin

f s f smax s n 3 s mg sin

Not needed here - only used to find N 2


fs

3 8mg sin s mg sin

8 s

smin 8

. , a 2 , , a1 ,()
: a1 a2 , ,
1 3mg sin 3ma1

a1 g sin

2
3

5mg sin Fs 5ma2

3rFs I

I1 mr 2

3 2

1
2
3
4
5

a2

I I1 2 I 2 21mr

7
15
5mg sin ma2 5ma2

a2
g sin
3
22

1
2m r 2 3r 2
2
a
2
3r
I2

2
10mr

(3) Fs

7
ma2
3

15
g sin g sin a1

a 2 a1
22
. , a1 a2

3mg sin n 3ma

N1 f k 3mg cos 0
3rFs rf k I

a
2
I 21mr ,

3r
5mg sin n Fs 5ma
N 2 f k 5mg cos 0

:()
n 3m g sin a

Not needed here - only used to find N1

3Fs f k 7 ma

Fs

7ma f k
3

Not needed here - only used to find N 2

Fs k ma k mg sin
3

1, 3 4 5mg sin 3mg sin a 7 k ma k mg sin 5ma


3

8 k sin
38 k sin
38 k g sin 31 3 k a
a
g

g
31 3 k r
31 3 k
f k k n 3 k m g sin a

61
m r ,
k
. 60 ,
, ,
, .
.
() , L ,
? ( 9')
()
.
9( .')
() t 0
, N t , 7( .
')

m, r

m, r
k

() , . ,
x y .
:
mg sin f s kL kL cos 0
mg sin
mg sin kL1 cos 0
L

rf s 0

fs 0
k 1 cos

mg
3k

() :

Only good for finding N - will be used in the next paragraph


ma
2
3
ma
2

fs

(5) mg sin k 1 cos x


3
ma
2

k 1 cos x L

)(3

mg 3 2
k 1 1 2

60

(1) mg sin f s kx1 cos ma


(2) N mg cos kx sin 0
1 2
mr
2

ma
kx1 cos ma
2

and I

(4) a r

mg sin

mg sin k 1 cos L

~
~a
~ k
x m

(3) rf s I

)(3) (1

mg sin
k 1 cos

~
3k
k k 1 cos
2

3m

~
m

~
x x L

() : y
1
N mg cos kx sin 0

N t mg cos k sin xt mg 3k xt
2
~
xt x t L A cos t L

mg sin
mg

A L

k 1 cos

3k
k

mg

xt
t
3k 2
k
k 1 cos
k
1 cos

3k
m

m
3m 2
3m 2
m

x0 A cos
cos 1

x0 A

1
k

N t mg 1 cos
t
2
m

k

1
mg
t
1 cos
mg 3 k
2
3k
m

N t

61
.
yx x 2 3 ,
. R 4 m m 2 kg r 50 cm
A
y
( A )A
m, r
,
L 6 m B .
.
, .
() , v C ,
R
( C R )
C

9( ? N 50 N')
() C v C
x
() , , W ,
8( ?AC')
B
L
() , Wf1 ,
Wf2 - , 8( ?AC')

() C :
v2
N
N
R r
N mar m C

vC2 R r

vC
Rr
m
m

m
sec

vC 9.35

50 N
4 m 0.5 m
2 kg

vC

()

7
N R r
10

1
mvC2 I C2
2

W 122.5 J

1
1
1
1

W K mvC2 I C2 mvA2 I A2
2
2
2
2

vA A 0

1 2 2 2 vC2 7
mvC mr 2 mvC2

2
5
r 10

2 2
mr

v
C C
r
I

7
50 N 4 m 0.5 m
10

() , , :
Wf Wf1 Wf2

Wf Wf2

Wf1 0

"
, , : Wg ,

W Wg Wf Wg Wf2

Wf2 W Wg

Wf2 W U g

Wg U g

U g mgyC mgyA mg y C y A

L2

yC R

U g mg R

2
2
x
L

yA A

3
3

62

4
m

U g 156.8 J

3
sec2
Wf2 122.5 J 156.8 J

Wf2 34.3 J
m

U g 2 kg 9.8

61
m1 6 kg , r1 80 cm ,
. , , 0 50 rev min . r2 60 cm
m2 2 kg " 3 m 1kg , .
, . . k 0.8
F
m1 , r1
m2 , r2
( t 10 sec
).
0

() , ,
, ,
15( .')
F
() , Fm i n,

m
? ( 12')


() .
. .
F ( ) . , ,
:
I2
I 2 0 I1 I 2

0
I1 I 2
1
6 kg 0.8 m 2 1.92 kg m 2
2
I 2 2 kg 1 kg 0.6 m 2 1.08 kg m 2
rev
sec

18

m2r2 2
m2 m r22
12

I1

rev
sec

50

1
m1r12
2

I1

I 2 m2 r22 3

1.08 kg m 2
1.92 kg m 2 1.08 kg m 2

() F ( )
. , . , ,

21 - , :
( )1 :


21 r2 f k
I11

r
f

21
2 k
1 1
k

I
r2

r2 f k

fk 1

r2 t

1t

( )2 , :


dL


L1

21 r2 f k 1

r2 f k
dt
L1

r2 f k
I

f s Const.

fk 1
t

r2 t

r2 f k

L1 I1
: F
I1

F
I1
r2 t k

Fmin

r2 t max k

Fmin 0.75 N

1.92 kg m 2 1.88 rad sec

0.6 m 10 sec 0.8

I1
k F
r2 t
F Fmin

Fmin

f k k F
t t max

2 rad
rev
rad
18
18
1.88
min
60 sec
sec

62
M 4m . :
, 2m r , , m
, R 2r . , (
) .
R
s k -
r

. .
()
, sm i n , 15( .
M
')
min
, s s
()
.
12( .')

() f s - , Fs - .
. n - Fs ,
f s - ( ) . x
y . :
1 rf s I

4mg sin f s 4ma


n 4mg cos 0
4mg sin f s Fs 0
N n 4mg cos 0

21
ma
5

fs

)(1

20
g sin
41

21
I I1 2 I 2 mr 2

(6) a

2
3
4
5

1
2m r 2 mr 2

2
8 2
2
I 2 m2r mr

5
5
a

21
ma 4ma
5
(7) 8mg sin Fs 4ma
4mg sin

I1

80
248
mg sin

Fs
mg sin
41
41

N 8mg cos 0

N 8mg cos
31
31
s N

tan s

smin tan 0.76 tan


41
41
8mg sin Fs

1 2
2 4
6 7
3 5
Fs Fsmax

() .
a1 - . a 2 " . a1 2 a1 a2
, a1 , , a 2 - , ,
a1 a2 :
1 rf s I
21

(1) f s mr
21 2
5
I mr
5

4mg sin f s 4ma1


n 4mg cos 0

2
3
4

4mg sin f s Fk 4ma2


4 4mg sin f s k N 4ma2

Fk k N

5 N n 4mg cos 0
6 a1 a 2 r

a1 2 a1 a 2 r
21
ma1 2
5
N 8mg cos 0

(7) N 8mg cos


(8) k N 2 f s 4ma1 a 2 4ma1 2
fs

62
a1 2
5

8 k g cos

42
ma1 2 4ma1 2
5

8 k mg cos

)(1

6 1

3 5
2 4

(1), 6, (7) 8

20
k g cos 0.65 k g cos
31

a1 2

63
m
r
, .

. k1
k 2
k2
( ,
) .
, .
k1

.
() , L1 , ,
m, r
, L2 ? ( 9')
() .
9( .')
() t 0

7( . t ,')

() , ,
, ,
( ) , L2 ,
. L1 , :

mg sin f s k1L1 k 2 L2 0
rf s rk 2 L2 0

f s k 2 L2

mg sin k1L1 2k 2 L2 0

mg sin k1 4k 2 L1 0

L2 2L1

L1

mg sin
k1 4k 2

L2

2mg sin
k1 4k 2

x - . x ()
:
(1) mg sin f s k1x k 2 2x ma
(2) N mg cos 0

Only good for finding N

(3) rf s rk 2 2x I

and I

(4) a r
(3) (1)
L1

mg sin k1 4k 2 L1

~
~a
k ~
x m

~
k k1 4k 2

3m

~
m

~
x x L1

1
ma 2k 2 x
2
mg sin k1 4k 2 x

k1 4k 2 x L1

cos 1

~
k
~
m

k1 4k 2

3m 2


2k1 4k 2
3m

vcm t A sin t

2k1 4k 2 mg sin 2k1 4k 2

sin
t

3m
3m
k1 4k 2

sin sin

vcm t g sin

vcm t
r

3
ma
2

3
ma
2

: , t 0 ()

~
x t A cos t
~
x 0 A cos

~
x 0 A

mg sin
,
k1 4k 2

fs

(3)

1
mg sin ma k1 4k 2 x ma
2

mg sin
k1 4k 2

A L1

1 2
mr
2

g sin
r

2k1 4k 2
2m
sin
t
3k1 4k 2
3m

2k1 4k 2
2m
sin
t
3k1 4k 2
3m