What was classical about the Classical Civilizations?

AP World History Week 5 Richard Smart Oakland Mills High School

Classical Persia, Greece and Rome

Geography and the “linked” Civilizations…
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Persia, then Greece, then Rome Trade Diffusion
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Government Politics Military Culture Persia Greece Rome

Geography determined style of civilization
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Political Developments
Expanding  Cyrus the Great  Alexander the Great  Roman Empire Changing Government  Monarchy  Tyranny  Democracy  Republic  Empire Codifying  Common language  Roads  Governors  Roman Law  Coins/Taxation Urbanizing  Greek Poleis  Roman Colonies  City of Rome

Social and Gender Systems
Social  Patriarchal  Significant number of slaves  Even justified by Aristotle  Land owning families held power Gender  Patriarchal  Women could own property in Greece and Rome.  Subordinate in law

Trade and Economics
Intra-Societal Trade  Roads  Spread of iron technology  Olives, wheat and wine in Mediterranean  Decrease in banditry Inter-societal trade  Silk Roads

The Arts, Science, and Technology
Arts  Greek philosophy  Drama  Architecture/Sculpture  Public entertainment - stadia Science  Geometry  Pythagorean Theorem  Anatomy and Physiology Technology  Bridges, aqueducts, roads.

Discussion Questions

How similar were these five civilizations? Where would you rather have lived?

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