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1. Estimate the boiling temperature for H2O under standard conditions. Is boiling spontaneous above or below this temperature?

H2O(l) H2O (g) Heat of formation for liquid water is -285.83 kJ/mol. For vapor water is -241.818 kJ/mol K. S for liquid water is 69.91 J/mol K. For vapor water it is 188.825 J/mol K.

2. Estimate the temperature range over which the synthesis is spontaneous.

a. C8H18(l) + 4O2 (g) 9H2(g) + 8CO(g) Delta H = -676 kJ Delta S=1,469.94 J/K

b. P4O10(s) + 6H2O (l) 4 H3PO4 (aq) Delta H= -453 kJ Delta S= -16.3 J/K

c. 2H2S(g) + 3O2(g) 2H2O(g) + 2SO2(g) Delta H= -1040 kJ Delta S= -153 J/K