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>Q<5 E H 5NHR][ \E RNSWC ]DH KYCH RCDSYCH dTE^WB N RTNR^DNT^U WEU LED^ I^TLEq a HEDVB E[ dTE^W MHLEHG\4LC ER] KTFEB KYCH LESY4WE! E55^ ]YH RTNU -C]. : HEDVB DH 5KCH 4 TE_Xq M4 C/1 / +. 8 mWgU IDN[ CTFEl]WC[N N WHI\]U MC 5NFETH^lCDEH gU Y^T4B E55^ gU N_CH5X. 9 J ]RNHN[ ]WgU MC[ CTF^lCDEHB E55^ RHIDCSCH IJ EZD][ RNZ MHLEHG[CH DN[ EICdXB 5NFETH^lCDEH 4 RVID4 DNZ FHE MHLEVgI4. ; E\GU ELTHdGU LEH EdVM E[E_KTCH DN WELETHIW] DNZ E[\TGRNZ IDN[ NRNVN N -C]U 5NFETH^lCH MHLEHNIS[4 YgTVU KTFE: b / . ;(- 1. . ; 1.! < /. /-. + / . 1! 7 WELETHIW]U 5NHR][ EZD]UB FHJ D4[ RCTHDNWX X LEH FHJ D4[ ELTNdZIDVEq HEDV 5KWC: / C/1 +! O6 GU 5NHR][ 5NFETH^ID4LCq mDE[ XDE[ WC RCTHDNWX X WC ELTNdZIDVEq mYH WC RCTHDNWXB E55^ WC ELTNdZIDVE. OO EH K5EdC I4WCVN RCTHDNWXUB I_TEFVME D4U MHLEHNIS[4U D4[ RVID4 D4[ NRNVE WC D4[ ELTNdZIDVEB FHE [E CV[EH EZD]U REDKTEU ]5g[ CLCV[g[ RNZ RHIDCSNZ[ WC ELTNdZIDVEB GIDC [E 5NFETHEIDCV LEH IJ EZDNSU 4 MHLEVgI4. Oa EH REDKTEU RCTHDNWXB RNZ ]YH W][N LED^FN[DEH ER] RCTHDW4WK[NZUB E55^ LEH RNZ IDNHYVlN[DEH IDE VY[4 D4U RVID4U DNZ REDKTE WEU dTE^WB D4[ NRNVE WC ELTNdZIDVE. 1 1 O: HEDV MC ! WC []WN 4 ZR]IYCI4 IDN[ dTE^W X IDNZU ERNF][NZU DNZB DN [E CV[EH EZD]U L54TN[]WNU L]IWNZB E55^ WC MHLEVgI4 RVID4U. O8 HEDVB E[ NH L54TN[]WNH ER] []WNB KYCH LC[g\CV 4 RVID4B LEH KYCH LEDETF4\CV 4 aa6

ZR]IYCI4. O9 RCHMX N []WNU LEDCTF^lCDEH NTFX. mRNZ ]WgU MC[ ZR^TYCH []WNUB NSDC RET^dEI4. O; HJ EZD] WC RVID4B FHE [E LED^ Y^T4B GIDC 4 ZR]IYCI4 [E CV[EH dKdEH4 IDN[ L^\C ER]FN[NB ]YH W][N IJ ]RNHN[ ER] DN []WNB E55^ LEH IJ ]RNHN[ ER] RVID4 dTE^WB RNZ CV[EH REDKTEU ]5g[ WEU Ob LE\GU CV[EH FTEWWK[N: M( 8 -8 ( -(! 0# RVIDCrC ERK[E[DH IJ EZD][ -C] RNZ lgNRNHCV DNZU [CLTNSU LEH LE5CV ]IE MC[ ZR^TYNZ[ IE[ [E ZR^TYNZ[. O< NRNVNUB RET]5N C5RVMEB RVIDCrC ID4[ C5RVMEB IDN ]DH EZD]U ! FV[CH (. 8 -8B ISW_g[E WC EZD] RNZ CVYC CHRg\CV: O ! - ! O7 EH YgTVU [E EI\C[XICH ID4[ RVID4B RETEDXT4IC DN IGWE DNZ XM4 [CLTgWK[N s XDE[ RCTVRNZ CLED] CDG[ s LEH D4 [KLTgI4 D4U WXDTEU ^TTEU. a6 D4[ ZR]IYCI4 ]WgU DNZ -CNS MC[ EW_KdE5C WC D4[ ERHIDVEB E55^ C[MZ[EWG\4LC WC D4[ RVID4 LEH KMgIC M]eE IDN -C] aO LEH RCVID4LC R5XTgU ]DH EZD] RNZ KYCH ZRNIYC\CV CV[EH MZ[ED]U LEH [E L^[CH. aa HJ EZD] LEH / +. a: C FT^_D4LC ]WgU W][N FHJ EZD][ ]DH DNZ 5NFETH^ID4LCB a8 E55^ LEH FHE CW^UB IDNZU NRNVNZU WK55CH [E 5NFETH^lCDEHB IJ ]INZU RHIDCSNZ[ IJ CLCV[N[ RNZ KFCHTC 4INS DN[ STH] WEU ER] [CLTNSU. a9 NRNVNU RETEM]\4LC FHE DE RETERDGWED^ WEU LEH CFKT\4LC FHE D4 MHLEVgIX WEU. (1 . +.

A
>Q<5 A HLEHg\XLEWC 5NHR][ ER] RVID4B LEH KYNZWC CHTX[4 WC DN -C] WKIg DNZ ZTVNZ WEU 4INS jTHIDNSB a WKIg NRNVNZ KYNZWC LEH D4[ CVINMN WC D4[ RVID4 ID4 Y^T4 EZDX ID4[ NRNVE KYNZWC IDE\CV! LEH LEZYH]WEIDC FHE C5RVME D4U M]eEU DNZ -CNS. : EH ]YH W][N B E55^ LEH LEZYH]WEIDC WKIE IDHU \5VrCHUB eKTN[DEU ]DH 4 \5Vr4 LEDCTF^lCDEH ZRNWN[XB 8 LEH 4 ZRNWN[X MNLHWEIWK[N B LEH N MNLHWEIWK[NU C5RVME. 9 EH 4 C5RVME MC[ LEDE[DTNRH^lCHB FHEDV 4 EF^R4 DNZ -CNS KYCH eCYZ\CV IDHU LETMHKU WEU WC [CSWE nFHN RNZ WEU M]\4LC. ; L]W4 FHEDVB C[G CWCVU XWEIDE[ EL]W4 EI\C[CVUB jTHID]U LED^ LEHT] RK\E[C ZRKT EICdG[. b HEDV W]5HU # ZRKT MHLEVNZ LE[CVU \E RC\^[CH. RCHMX FHE DN[ EFE\] ! VIgU LE[CVU LEH DN5W^ [E RC\^[CH. < -C]UB ]WgUB MCVY[CH D4 MHLX DNZ EF^R4 IJ CW^U ]DHB C[G XWEIDE[ EL]W4 EWETDg5NVB jTHID]U RK\E[C FHE Y^T4 WEU. 7 N5S RCTHII]DCTNB 5NHR][B DGTE RNZ MHLEHg\XLEWC WC DN EVWE DNZ \E Ig\NSWC WKIg EZDNS ER] D4[ NTFX. O6 HEDV E[B ]DE[ XWEIDE[ CY\TNVB IZW_H5Hg\XLEWC WC DN -C] WKIg DNZ \E[^DNZ DNZ ,HNS DNZB RN5S RCTHII]DCTNB E_NS IZW_H5Hg\XLEWCB \E Ig\NSWC WC D4 lgX DNZ. OO EH ]YH W][N B E55^ LEH LEZYH]WEIDC FHE DN -C] WKIg DNZ ZTVNZ WEU 4INS jTHIDNSB WKIg DNZ NRNVNZ DGTE 5^dEWC D4 IZW_H5VgI4. +/1 . Oa HJ EZD]B ]RgU ELTHdGU WKIg C[]U E[\TGRNZ CHIX5\C 4 EWETDVE IDN[ L]IWN LEH WKIg D4U EWETDVEU N \^[EDNUB LEH KDIH IC ]5NZU E[\TGRNZU N \^[EDNU RKTEICB C_]IN[ ]5NH EW^TD4IE[... O: s HEDV WKYTH ! []WNU ZRXTYC EWETDVE IDN[ L]IWNB E55^ EWETDVE MC[ LEDE5NFVlCDEH ]DE[ MC[ ZR^TYCH []WNU. O8 ET]5J EZD^ N \^[EDNU dEIV5CrC ER] M^W WKYTH gZIX LEH R^[g IJ EZDNSU RNZ MC[ EW^TD4IE[ LED^ DT]RN ]WNHN WC D4[ RET^dEI4 M^WB RNZ CV[EH DSRNU LCV[NZ RNZ KWC55C !. aaO

O9 55^ ]RgU DN RET^RDgWE MC[ KDIH LEH DN Y^THIWE. HEDV E[ WC DN RET^RDgWE DNZ C[]U RK\E[E[ NH RN55NVB RN5S RCTHII]DCTN RCTVIICrC IDNZU RN55NSU 4 Y^T4 DNZ -CNS LEH 4 MgTC^ WC Y^T4 RNZ DN[ K[E ^[\TgRNB 4INS jTHID]. O; EH MC[ DN MGTN ]RgU WKIg C[]U ! RNZ EW^TD4IC. HEDV E_C[]U 4 LTVI4 ! ER] K[E IC LEDEMVL4B E_CDKTNZ DN Y^THIWE ER] RN55^ RETERDGWEDE IC MHLEVgI4. Ob HEDVB E[ WC DN RET^RDgWE DNZ C[]U ! N \^[EDNU dEIV5CrC WKIg DNZ C[]UB RN5S RCTHII]DCTN EZDNV RNZ 5EdEV[NZ[ DN RCTVIICZWE D4U Y^T4U LEH D4 MgTC^ D4U MHLEVgI4UB WC lgX \E dEIH5KrNZ[ WKIg DNZ C[]U 4INS jTHIDNS.s O< nTEB 5NHR][B ]RgU WC K[E RET^RDgWE IJ ]5NZU E[\TGRNZU ! LEDEMVL4B KDIH LEH WC WHE MVLEH4 RT^e4 IJ ]5NZU E[\TGRNZU ! MHLEVgI4 lgXU. O7 HEDVB ]RgU ELTHdGU WC D4[ RETELNX DNZ C[]U E[\TGRNZ NH RN55NV LEDEIDX\4LE[ EWETDg5NVB KDIH LEH WC D4[ ZRELNX DNZ C[]U NH RN55NV \E LEDEIDE\NS[ MVLEHNH. a6 []WNU 5NHR][ RETCWd5X\4LCB FHE [E R5CN[^ICH DN RET^RDgWE. mRNZ ]WgU R5C][EIC 4 EWETDVEB ZRCTRCTVIICrC 4 Y^T4B aO GIDCB ]RgU ELTHdGU 4 EWETDVE dEIV5CrC WKIE IDN \^[EDNB KDIH LEH 4 Y^T4 [E dEIH5KrCH WKIg MHLEVgI4U FHE lgX EHG[HEB WKIg 4INS jTHIDNS DNZ ZTVNZ WEU. /. / 13 1

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>Q<5 J H 5NHR][ \E RNSWCq E CRHWK[NZWC ID4[ EWETDVEB FHE [E R5CN[^ICH 4 Y^T4q a V\C [E W4 FV[CH| + RNZ RC\^[EWC gU RTNU D4[ EWETDVE RGU EL]WE \E lNSWC WKIE IJ EZDX[q : w EF[NCVDC ]DH ]INH dE_DHIDXLEWC IDN jTHID] 4INS dE_DHIDXLEWC IDN \^[ED] DNZq 8 E_XLEWCB 5NHR][B WElV DNZ WKIg DNZ dE_DVIWEDNU IDN \^[EDNB GIDCB ]RgU ELTHdGU jTHID]U CFKT\4LC ER] [CLTNSU WKIg D4U M]eEU DNZ EDKTEB KDIH LH CWCVU [E RCTREDXINZWC IC LEH[NSTFHE lgX. 9 HEDV E[ KYNZWC FV[CH ISW_ZDNH " IDN NWNVgWE DNZ \E[^DNZ DNZB D]DC \E CVWEIDC LEH ID4[ E[^IDEIX ! ; CRCHMX F[gTVlNZWC EZD]B ]DH N RE5H]U WEU ^[\TgRNU IDEZTG\4LC WElV B FHE [E LEDETF4\CV DN IGWE D4U EWETDVEUB GIDC [E W4[ ZR4TCDNSWC RHE gU MNS5NH ID4[ EWETDVE. b HEDV ]RNHNU RK\E[C KYCH MHLEHg\CV ! ! ER] D4[ EWETDVE. < [ 5NHR][ RC\^[EWC WElV WC jTHID]B RHIDCSNZWC ]DH LEH \E lXINZWC WElV DNZ. 7 RCHMX eKTNZWC ]DHB E_NS jTHID]U CFKT\4LC ER] [CLTNSUB MC[ RC\EV[CH RHEB \^[EDNU MC[ DN[ LZTHCSCH RHE. O6 HEDV FHE ]BDH RK\E[CB gU RTNU D4[ EWETDVE RK\E[C WHE _NT^ FHE R^[DE! LEH FHE ]BDH lCHB lCH FHE DN -C]. OO xDIH LH CICVU [E 5NFETH^lCDC CEZDNSU IEU ]DH E_C[]U CV[EH [CLTNV gU RTNU D4[ EWETDVEB E_CDKTNZ lg[DE[NV gU RTNU DN -C] WKIE jTHID] 4INS yDN[ STH] WEUz. Oa U W4 dEIH5CSCH 5NHR][ 4 EWETDVE WKIE IDN \[4D] IEU IGWEB FHE [E ZRELNSDC IDHU CRH\ZWVCU DNZ! O: WXDC [E RETNZIH^lCDC DE WK54 IEU CTFE5CVE EMHLVEU FHE D4[ EWETDVEB E55^ RETNZIH^IDC CEZDNSU IEU IDN -C] IE[ lg[DE[NSU ER] [CLTNSUB LEH DE WK54 IEU CTFE5CVE MHLEHNIS[4U FHE DN -C]. O8 HEDV EWETDVE MC \E IEU LZTHKrCH! CRCHMX MC[ CVIDC L^Dg ER] []WNB E55^ L^Dg ER] Y^T4. F . +. O9 H 5NHR][q E EWETDXINZWCB CRCHMX MC[ CVWEIDC L^Dg ER] []WNB E55^ L^Dg ER] Y^T4q V\C [E W4 FV[CH| O; C[ eKTCDC ]DH IJ ]RNHN[ RETNZIH^lCDC CEZDNSU IEU MNS5NZU RTNU ZRELNXB CVIDC MNS5NH IJ EZD][ RNZ ZRELNSDCB X EWETDVE FHE \^[EDN X aaa

ZRELNX FHE MHLEVgI4q Ob ZYETHIDG ]WgU DN -C]B FHEDV XIEIDE[ MNS5NH D4U EWETDVEUB E55^ ZRELNSIEDC WC LETMH^ IDN RT]DZRN MHMEYXU IDN NRNVN RETEMN\XLEDC. O< EH E_NS C5CZ\CTg\XLEDC ER] D4[ EWETDVEB MNZ5g\XLEDC ID4 MHLEHNIS[4. O7 [\TGRH[E WH5GB CeEHDVEU D4U EMZ[EWVEU D4U I^TLEU IEU. HEDVB ]RgU ELTHdGU RETNZIH^IEDC DE WK54 IEU ZR]MNZ5E ID4[ ELE\ETIVE LEH ID4[ E[NWVEB FHE D4[ E[NWVEB KDIH DGTE RETNZIH^IDC DE WK54 IEU ZR]MNZ5E ID4 MHLEHNIS[4 RTNU EFHEIW]. a6 HEDVB ]DE[ XIEIDE[ MNS5NH D4U EWETDVEUB C5CS\CTNH XIEIDE[ ER] D4 MHLEHNIS[4. aO H LETR]B 5NHR][B CVYEDC D]DCq HJ EZD^ DGTE [DTKRCIDCB CRCHMX DN DK5NU CLCV[g[ \^[EDNU. aa GTEB ]WgUB E_NS C5CZ\CTg\XLEDC ER] D4[ EWETDVE LEH MNZ5g\XLEDC IDN -C]B KYCDC DN[ LETR] IEU RTNU EFHEIW] LEH DN DK5NU lgX EHG[HE. a: HEDV N WHI\]U D4U EWETDVEU \^[EDNUB E55^ DN Y^THIWE DNZ -CNS lgX EHG[HE WKIE jTHID] 4INS DN[ STH] WEU. M1 /1

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>Q<5 * w EF[NCVDCB EMC5_NVB FHEDV IJ ]INZU F[gTVlNZ[ []WN WH5GB ]DH N []WNU LZTHETYCV IDN[ ^[\TgRN FHE ]IN YT][N lCH: a HEDV 4 RE[DTCWK[4 FZ[EVLE KYCH MC\CV gU RTNU []WN WC DN lg[DE[] ^[DTE. [ ]WgU RC\^[CH N ^[DTEU B KYCH ERE55EYDCV ER] DN []WN IDN[ ^[DTE. : nTEB 5NHR][B E[ FV[CH " IC ^55N[ ^[DTE C[]Ig lCH N ^[DTEU B \E N[NWEIDCV WNHYE5VME. [ ]WgU RC\^[CH N ^[DTEU B CV[EH C5CS\CT4 ER] DN []WNB GIDC EZDX [E W4[ CV[EH WNHYE5VME E[ FV[CH " IC ^55N[ ^[DTE. 8 ~IDCB EMC5_NV WNZB LH CICVU \E[EDg\XLEDC gU RTNU DN []WN WKIg DNZ IGWEDNU DNZ jTHIDNSB FHE [E E[XLCDC IC ^55N[B IJ EZD][ RNZ CFKT\4LC ER] [CLTNSUB FHE [E LETRN_NTXINZWC FHE DN -C]. 9 HEDVB ]DE[ lNSIEWC WC D4 IETLHLX B DE R^\4 Dg[ EWETDHG[ RNZ WKIg DNZ []WNZ C[CTFNSIE[ IDE WK54 WEUB FHE [E LETRN_NTXINZWC FHE DN \^[EDN. ; GTE ]WgU ERE55EYDXLEWC ER] DN []WNB E_NS RC\^[EWC WKIg EZDNS RNZ WEU LEDCVYCB GIDC [E ZR4TCDNSWC gU MNS5NH WC LEH[NSTFHN [CSWEDNU LEH ]YH WC RE5H] FT^WWEDNU. C1 . 1. 1( 1. b H 5NHR][ \E RNSWCq []WNU EWETDVEq V\C [E W4 FV[CH| 55^ D4[ EWETDVE MC F[GTHIE RET^ WC []WN. HEDV LEH D4[ CRH\ZWVE MC ! XeCTEB E[ N []WNU MC[ K5CFC: -10.. < _NTWX 5NHR][ K5EdC 4 EWETDVE WC D4[ C[DN5X LEH LEDCTF^ID4LC WKIE WNZ L^\C CRH\ZWVE! FHEDV YgTVU []WN EWETDVE [CLTX. 7 H CFG lNSIE L^RNDC YgTVU []WNB ]DE[ ]WgU XT\C 4 C[DN5X 4 EWETDVE eE[^l4IC ! O6 CFG D]DC RK\E[EB LEH dTK\4LC 4 C[DN5X RNZ WNZ ! FHE lgXB EZDX IDN \^[EDN. OO HEDV 4 EWETDVE K5EdC E_NTWX WC D4[ C[DN5X LEH WC CeER^D4ICB LEH WKIg EZDXU IL]DgIC. Oa ~IDCB RT^FWEDHB N []WNU ^FHNUB LEH 4 C[DN5X ^FHE LEH MVLEH4 LEH EFE\X. O: N EFE\]B 5NHR][B KFH[C FHE WK[E \^[EDNUq V\C [E W4 FV[CH| 55^ 4 EWETDVEB FHE [E _E[CV EWETDVEB WKIg DNZ EFE\NS LEDCTF^ID4LC IJ CWK[E \^[EDNB GIDC [E FV[CH ZRCTdN5HL^ EWETDg5X 4 EWETDVE WKIg D4U C[DN5XU. O8 HEDV eKTNZWC ]DH N []WNU CV[EH R[CZWEDHL]UB CFG ]WgU CVWEH I^TLH[NUB RNZ54WK[NU L^Dg ER] D4[ EWETDVE. O9 RCHMX MC F[gTVlg EZD] RNZ LEDCTF^lNWEH. HEDV MC[ RT^DDg DNSDNB EZD] RNZ \K5gB E55^ L^[g DNSDNB EZD] RNZ WHIG. O; [ ]WgU L^[g DNSDNB EZD] RNZ MC \K5gB IZW_g[G WC DN []WN ]DH LE5]U. Ob GTEB ]WgUB CFG RHE MC[ LEDCTF^lNWEH EZD]B E55^ 4 EWETDVE RNZ aa:

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1 aO EH FHE [E W^\CDC LH CICVU DE MHL^ WNZ B DH RT^DDgB ]5E \E IEU F[gTVICH ZYHL]UB N EFER4D]U EMC5_]U LEH RHID]U MH^LN[NU IDN[ STHNB aa DN[ NRNVN KIDCH5E RTNU CI^U ELTHdGU FHJ EZD]B FHE [E F[gTVICDC DE IYCDHL^ WJ CW^U LEH [E C[\ETTS[CH DHU LETMHKU IEU. a: HTX[4 IDNZU EMC5_NSU LEH EF^R4 WElV WC RVID4 ER] -C] EDKTE LEH STHN 4INS jTHID]. a8 Y^T4 WC ]5NZU ]INH EFERNS[ ^_\ETDE DN[ STH] WEU 4INS jTHID].

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