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Math 2210-90

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Practice Midterm Exam 1

Write your answer in the space provided. Unless otherwise noted, y is the dependent variable, x is the independent variable.

1. Integrate

x2x dx

Use log identities to: x2x dx = du/(ln(2)2x) = dx and so x2x dx =


2

xex

ln(2)

dx. Do a u-sub: u = ln(2)x2 so that

1 ln(2)2

eu du = youdotherest

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2. Find the derivative of y = log2 (x2 + 2)

We need to change the base of the logarithm to base-e using the change-of-base formula: y = log2 (x2 + 2) = ln(x2 + 2) ln(2) (2)

Then we take the derivative by using the property of the natural log: ln(x) = 1/x and the chain rule: 1 2x y = (3) 2 ln(2) x + 2

3. At time zero t = 0 there are 100 bacteria in a petri dish. After one hour (t = 1), there are 250. Assuming the bacteria grow exponentially, how many bacteria will there be in three hours?

Let y be the number of bacteria and the exponential equation for growth is y = 100ekt , (4)

where the parameter k is unknown growth rate. To nd k we take the data that at t = 1 there are 250, so: 250 = 100ek1 = ln(2.5) = k. The number of bacteria in two hours then is y = 100e2 ln(2.5) (6) (5)

4. Evaluate the integral

xex dx

Answer: See problem number 1.

5. Evaluate the integral

ex sin(2x)dx

Answer: This one is similar to one in the book. Do two iterations of integration by parts and you will nd the term ex sin(2x)dx on both the right and left hand sides of the equation. Move the term over to one side for the solution.

6. Evaluate the integral

sin4 (x)dx.

Again, a straightforward integral done using the method for even-powered trigonometrics. Look in the book.

7. Prove that the area of a circle with radius r > 0 is in fact r2 by computing the area r under the half-circle r r2 x2 dx.

Use the trig substitution x = r cos(), so that dx = r sin()d and then use the trig identity sin2 + cos2 = 1
r r

r2 x2 dx = r2
0

sin2 ()d

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And then use the double-angle formula sin2 () = 1/2(1 cos(2)).


r2
0

sin2 ()d = r2 /2
0

2 (1 cos(2))d = r2 /2 sin(2)/2| 0 = r /2

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Which is the area of half a circle. Times by two to get the whole circle.

8. Evaluate the integral

1 dx. (x+3)(x4)

1 = Two words: partial fractions. (x+3)( x4) way and each integral is simple:

A + (xB . (x+3) 4)

solve for A and B the standard

A B + dx = A ln |x + 3| + B ln |x 4| + C (x + 3) (x 4)

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