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solutions to a calculus 3 practice midterm, this is a college calculus 3 class and the first midterm so it covered the earlier material in the class

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Name:

Write your answer in the space provided. Unless otherwise noted, y is the dependent variable, x is the independent variable.

1. Integrate

x2x dx

2

xex

ln(2)

1 ln(2)2

eu du = youdotherest

(1)

We need to change the base of the logarithm to base-e using the change-of-base formula: y = log2 (x2 + 2) = ln(x2 + 2) ln(2) (2)

Then we take the derivative by using the property of the natural log: ln(x) = 1/x and the chain rule: 1 2x y = (3) 2 ln(2) x + 2

3. At time zero t = 0 there are 100 bacteria in a petri dish. After one hour (t = 1), there are 250. Assuming the bacteria grow exponentially, how many bacteria will there be in three hours?

Let y be the number of bacteria and the exponential equation for growth is y = 100ekt , (4)

where the parameter k is unknown growth rate. To nd k we take the data that at t = 1 there are 250, so: 250 = 100ek1 = ln(2.5) = k. The number of bacteria in two hours then is y = 100e2 ln(2.5) (6) (5)

xex dx

ex sin(2x)dx

Answer: This one is similar to one in the book. Do two iterations of integration by parts and you will nd the term ex sin(2x)dx on both the right and left hand sides of the equation. Move the term over to one side for the solution.

sin4 (x)dx.

Again, a straightforward integral done using the method for even-powered trigonometrics. Look in the book.

7. Prove that the area of a circle with radius r > 0 is in fact r2 by computing the area r under the half-circle r r2 x2 dx.

Use the trig substitution x = r cos(), so that dx = r sin()d and then use the trig identity sin2 + cos2 = 1

r r

r2 x2 dx = r2

0

sin2 ()d

(7)

r2

0

sin2 ()d = r2 /2

0

2 (1 cos(2))d = r2 /2 sin(2)/2| 0 = r /2

(8)

Which is the area of half a circle. Times by two to get the whole circle.

1 dx. (x+3)(x4)

1 = Two words: partial fractions. (x+3)( x4) way and each integral is simple:

A + (xB . (x+3) 4)

A B + dx = A ln |x + 3| + B ln |x 4| + C (x + 3) (x 4)

(9)

- The Subtle Art of Not Giving a F*ck: A Counterintuitive Approach to Living a Good LifeMark Manson
- The Unwinding: An Inner History of the New AmericaGeorge Packer
- Sapiens: A Brief History of HumankindYuval Noah Harari
- Elon Musk: Tesla, SpaceX, and the Quest for a Fantastic FutureAshlee Vance
- The Library BookSusan Orlean
- Hidden Figures: The American Dream and the Untold Story of the Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win the Space RaceMargot Lee Shetterly
- Shoe Dog: A Memoir by the Creator of NikePhil Knight
- Never Split the Difference: Negotiating As If Your Life Depended On ItChris Voss
- Devil in the Grove: Thurgood Marshall, the Groveland Boys, and the Dawn of a New AmericaGilbert King
- Grit: The Power of Passion and PerseveranceAngela Duckworth
- John AdamsDavid McCullough
- Yes PleaseAmy Poehler
- Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham LincolnDoris Kearns Goodwin
- The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of CancerSiddhartha Mukherjee
- This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. The ClimateNaomi Klein
- A Heartbreaking Work Of Staggering Genius: A Memoir Based on a True StoryDave Eggers
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