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The Willits House is the first house in true Prairie style and marks the full development of Wright's wood frame and stucco system of construction. Wright used a cruciform plan with the interior space flowing around a central chimney core and extending outward onto covered verandas and open terraces.

The ground floor plan of the Willits House. Entrance-stair hall, living room, dining room and kitchen rotate around the central fireplace.

The second floor with the bedrooms and library, has the same perimeter as the ground floor, the building would be well set externally by a volume determined by the plant withers and constant height of two floor, if not for the porch elongated that eliminate the stereometry compact house with its asymmetric dynamism.


The steel beams that support the front roof cantilever over the terrace are revealed in the folded and dropped ceiling along the edges of the main rooms inside. There are no real walls in the living room, only plaster-faced posts between the windows and doors which are continuous around the entire room. The wood-trim boards which bend to follow the ceiling line as they cross the room are spaced to align with the door posts. The basement contains a billiards room below the living room and children's area below the dining room. The second floor is the sleeping quarters. All three floors take no more height than most twostory houses of the same era.

Kauffmann House
Perched over a waterfall on Bear Run in the western Pennsylvania highlands, the rural retreat constructed for Edgar J. Kaufmann, Sr., has also been called the fullest realization of Wright's lifelong ideal of a living place completely at one with nature. Composed reinforced concrete, cantilever slabs, the project on the rocks to carry the house over the stream. From the living room, a suspended stairway leads directly down to the stream. On the third level immediately above, the terraces open from sleeping rooms, emphasizing the horizontal nature of the structural forms.