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Ethics= means moral philosophy Morality = refers to the quality of goodness in a human act.

Good is described as moral and bad as immoral. Ethics as a normative science =because it is concerned with the systematic study of the norms of human conduct as distinguished from normal science such as mathematics, physical scie nce. =because it involves a systematic search for moral principles and norms that are used to justify our moral judgment. 3 categories of general ethics: 1. Descriptive ethics = consist of studying and describing the morality of the p eople, culture or society. It also makes comparisons and contrast on the differe nt values, principles, code of ethics, beliefs, practices of people. = it serves as the foundation of normative ethics and provides standard of the morality of people, culture and society. Example: Psychological egoism = a concrete example of descriptive ethics is the study of human motivation. Cultural relativism = it describes how people, when grouped and observed in thei r own cultural realities. 2. Normative ethics = the study of moral problem which seeks to discover how one ought to act, not how one acts or how one thinks one should act. = it is a discipline concerned with judgments of setting up norms 3. Metaethics = is concerned with the analysis of the meaning of words and the l ogic of moral reasoning. The problem of ethical relativism and situation ethics Ethical relativism = emphasize the difference of moral beliefs and practices fro m the point of view of culture, situational ethics, emphasizes moral difference based on personal beliefs and convictions. Approaches of moral differences: a.) There is no moral truth = believes that there is no ultimate right or wrong b.) There is no universal truth c.) Deep down we can find basic moral truth d.) There is one universal moral truth Deontological vs Teleological approaches to ethical evaluation of the human cond uct Deontological ethics = means that if the motive or intention of the act is good , then regardless of the consequenses, the whole action is good. Examples: Kantian ethics