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Prepared the plant cell by removed the epidermal layers by cutting the onion and peeling them off. Iodine is used to stain the cell. It makes each component of the cell visible, especially the nucleus. There will be change in the colour of iodine into blue dark because of the presence of starch in it. Actually, the epidermal cell prevents plasmolysis (water loss) and protects the onion from invaders such as bacteria and fungi. Since onions grow as underground bulb and arent ever exposed to light, chloroplasts are not necessary. Other than that, the onion fruiting body (bulb) is used for storing energy, not photosynthesis.

A Human cheek cell is an epithelial cell that is highly specialised for protection. Cheek cells also form a layer of protection to the cheeks and they prevent the cheeks from any form of injury. They give mucous membrane surroundings to the inside of the mouth. It consists of nucleus, ribosomes, Mitochondria, lysosomes and plasma membrane. The light microscope used in the lab not powerful enough to view other organelles in the cheek cells. The part of the cell were visible are nucleus and membrane cell. Methylene blue was used in cheek cell observation. The stains make the cells appear more clearly too observed.

The experiments showed that both of plant cell and cheek cell has some of similarity with their function. For example the epidermal layer (bulb) and epithelial cell (cheeks) used for protection. The difference between both of cell is the shape size and structure.

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