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PROTECTIVE COATING

BERGER Profile

Coating Technology & Applications

Calculations, Abbreviation & Definitions

Approvals & References

Product Index

Zincanode

Epilux

Epimastic

Luxathane

Luxatherm Steel Shield

Rapid Air Dry

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BERGER Profile
Berger is one of the oldest names in the paint industry. Our history can be traced back to 1760 when a young chemist, Lewis Berger, founded a business in England called Lewis Berger & Sons, which grew rapidly with a strong reputation for innovation and entrepreneurship. This, today, has made Berger a wellknown brand in the global paint industry. Berger over the years started operations in many countries and in 1994 the Berger units were brought under the umbrella of Berger International Limited (BIL) with its headquarters in Singapore. BIL today has manufacturing operations in 11 countries spread across various geographies mainly in Africa, Middle East, South East Asia and the Caribbean and is the market leader in many countries. Berger today offers an impressive range of products and technical capabilities in each of the operating countries it is present. Asian Paints, the only paint company to have featured in the (The Forbes Global - 200 Best under a Billion dollar companies in the world for 2003) acquired a majority stake in Berger International Ltd. Today the Asian Paints Group which includes Berger International, Apco Coatings in the South Pacific & SCIB Paints in Egypt has manufacturing operations in 23 countries and sells products in over 60 countries, stretching from the Caribbean to the Far East, Middle East, Africa, Asia and the Asia Pacific Region. By leveraging the groups presence and expertise across the markets we are in a unique position to offer customized products and solutions for every need.

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A. Surface Preparation
1. Introduction
The cleaning and surface preparation of a substrate should not be considered as a separate matter but as an integral part of the coating system. The objective of surface preparation is to clean the substrate, creating a surface to which a coating can properly adhere subsequently. Thus, correct surface preparation is essential to the long life and effectiveness of a coating system. When considering the surface preparation and coating system the service conditions and required performance requirements should be assessed along with the most economical methods of achieving the required result. It is often presumed that, in an ideal world, prior to painting, a surface would be completely clean, but as this is not always economically or logistically possible, there are coatings available which are better able to cope with certain amounts of substrate contamination. As mentioned earlier, strong adhesion is the key to good coating performance. If the adhesion is weak, the coating system will consequently fail owing to the many environmental conditions that affect the performance of a coating e.g. moisture, corrosive chemicals, sunlight, abrasion, impact, micro-organisms, etc. There are two main objectives to surface preparation : firstly, to remove the loose material such as scale, dirt, oxide films, grease, etc. from a substrate so that the coating can adhere to the surface, and secondly, to increase the surface area of the substrate by increasing the roughness and anchor pattern of the surface. Both these objectives, if achieved, will expose the maximum number of reactive sites on the surface for a coating to adhere to. If a coating is applied to a contaminated surface that has not been cleaned then the adhesion of the coating system to the surface can only be as good as the adhesion of the contamination to the surface or the adhesion of the coating to the contamination. Painters of all types, professional or the man at home painting his kitchen, have in general a common weakness: they tend to neglect the most important ingredient of a coating project, i.e. surface preparation. This time-consuming and expensive exercise does not appear to be as productive as paint application and is often paid the least attention. Yet, consistently, studies have shown it to be the most important part of a good coating project.

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2. Types of Substrates
There are many types of substrates to which coatings are applied; each of which have their own characteristics and therefore different requirements as far as surface preparation and coating systems are concerned. The various factors which play a significant role in influencing the performance of a coating system applied to a substrate include the shape, absorbency, dryness, chemical reactivity, flexibility, temperature and texture. Typical examples of the types of substrates to which coatings are applied are:

Metal Timber (Wood) Plastic Masonry (Concrete) Tiles Roads Paper Fabrics Leather etc.
We will cover the methods of surface preparation for some of the more common of these substrates in the section Methods of Surface Preparation.

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3. Surface Contaminants
There are many different types of surface contamination which affect the adhesion of a coating to a substrate.

Mill Scale
Mill scale forms on hot rolled steel as by-product of the production process and sits on the surface of the steel. Light shapes of formed steel tend to have a thin layer of mill scale whereas heavy plate tends to have a thicker layer, typically 50 microns or more. Mill scale is quite brittle and because its thermal expansion is different to that of steel, it can crack as the steel cools, leaving access points for oxygen and moisture. This leads to subsequent corrosion of the steel itself. Mill scale must be completely removed prior to painting.

Moisture
Moisture can be present on the surface of the substrate (as is often the case with metals) or in the substrate (as with timber, plaster and concrete). For metal surfaces, it is essential that the surface is completely dry prior to painting (except when using specially formulated moisture tolerant coatings such as Epilux 161) as the moisture present on the surface will lead to premature coating breakdown and subsequent corrosion of the substrate. For timber, plaster and concrete substrates, it is essential that the moisture of the substrate be checked prior to painting. New concrete and plaster requires a period of time to set and cure as well as to dry. The moisture content should be checked using a protimeter and a check made with the coating supplier to ensure that the moisture content is low enough. The same is true for timber, especially timber which has been exposed to the rain during storage or use.

Soluble Salts
Soluble salts are commonly encountered on steel that has been allowed to rust in a polluted atmosphere. Removal of these salts is difficult but essential if premature failure is to be avoided (especially the salts that form in the pits in the surface). Soluble salts play an important part in the mechanism of corrosion as in the presence of moisture they form an electrolyte solution, which is one of the prime ingredients of corrosion. The difficulty with soluble salt contamination is that it cannot be detected by the naked eye and thus a surface that appears to be clean can quite easily be contaminated with soluble salts, especially in a marine or heavy industrial environment, such as in an oil refinery. Modern instrumentation is becoming available that can quantitatively determine soluble salts on the substrate and thus improve the likelihood of their detection and subsequent removal.

Oil and Grease


Oil and grease are common materials used in industry and are often deposited on the surface of a substrate. Most coatings cannot easily displace oil or grease and thereby wet the substrate. Therefore it is essential that these are completely removed. Even if they are present in trace quantities, they can impair the adhesion of the coating system and lead to premature failure. Removal by solvent swabbing is common, however it is essential that the deposits are removed and not simply spread over the surface. For an oily timber it is also essential that the surface is free from oil prior to painting. This is again achieved by solvent washing with a particularly fast evaporating absorbent solvent. Please contact your local Berger office for more details.

Corrosion Products
This is usually in the form of rust and scale on the surface caused by the substrate corroding. This will also probably contain a whole cocktail of the previously mentioned soluble salts, dust, dirt, oil, etc. and must therefore be completely removed prior to painting.

Marine Growth
Marine growth is a phase used to describe the various types of plants and animals that live in waters. This is basically divided into two-one for fresh water and one for seawater.

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4. Methods of Surface Preparation
There are various types of surface preparation using mechanical and hand tools to clean the surface and thus provide a suitable base for proper coating adhesion. The type of surface preparation depends on a number of factors, such as the length of service required and the nature of the chemical exposure. When considering the length of service one should determine whether the environment is rural, coastal or industrial and also if there are chemical contaminants present and then whether these are acidic, alkali, condensing or resulting in partial/complete immersion.

Steel
Mild steel is one of the most widely used construction materials but it is rapidly corroded by the elements of the environment and must be coated to prevent corrosion. The methods of preparing the steel prior to painting are now described.

a.Blast cleaning
Involves the impingement of a high kinetic energy stream of abrasive (such as sand, grit or shot ) onto the surface to be prepared. It may either be hand operated by jet or automatically by impeller and is the most effective method for removal of mill scale, rust and old coatings, but not oil or grease. Four common grades of blast cleaning are :  White metal blast cleaning :- (Swedish Standard - Sa 3) A white metal blast cleaned surface when viewed without magnification, shall be free of all visible oil, grease, dust, dirt, mill scale, rust, coating, oxides, corrosion products and other foreign matter. Near - white metal blast cleaning :- (Swedish Standard - Sa 2) A near-white metal blast cleaned surface when viewed without magnification, shall be free of all visible oil, grease, dust, dirt, mill scale, rust, coating, oxides, corrosion products and other foreign matter. Generally evenly dispersed very light shadows, streaks and discolourations caused by stains of rust, mill scale or previously applied paint / coating may remain on no more than 5% of the surface.  Commercial blast cleaning:- (Swedish Standard - Sa 2) A commercial blast cleaned surface when viewed without magnification, shall be free of all visible oil, grease, dust, dirt, mill scale, rust, coating, oxides, corrosion products and other foreign matter. Generally evenly dispersed very light shadows, streaks and discolourations caused by stains of rust, mill scale or previously applied paint / coating may remain on no more than 33% of the surface. Slight residues of rust, paint / coating may also be left in the crater of pits, if the original surface is pitted.  Brush off blast cleaning:- (Swedish Standard - Sa 1) Brush-off blast cleaned surface when viewed without magnification, shall be free of all visible oil, grease, dust, dirt, mill scale, rust, coating, oxides, corrosion products and other foreign matter. Tightly adherent mill scale, rust and old paint / coating may remain on the surface.  Wet abrasive blast cleaning: Wet abrasive blasting may be performed with low or high pressure fresh water to which a relative small amount of abrasives is introduced, and in some cases inhibitors are added to prevent flash rusting (however, as a general rule it is recommended not to use inhibitors when cleaning areas are to be immersed during service). This reduces the amount of airborne dust and sand. It is necessary to rinse the surface after blasting to remove sand and debris.

b.Mechanical / Power Tool cleaning


There are many mechanical or power tools on the market; needle guns, chipping hammers, grinders, power wire brushes, sanders, etc. Power tool cleaning is a less effective method of surface cleaning than blast cleaning as it does not result in the complete removal of tight mill scale and rust, particularly at corners, angles and in pits. Nevertheless, there are occasions when power tool cleaning is the only possible method of surface preparation because of access problems or health and safety issues etc.  Needle Guns are pneumatically driven and consist of a group of needles that impact the surface rapidly and repeatedly resulting in the break up of rust, scale and existing coatings that may be on the surface.

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P  ower Sanding consists of a rotary disc that has attached to it a heavy dutys and paper or sometimes consisting of a solid carborundum disc. It grinds the surface to remove the surface contaminants and can cut the metal so as to increase the surface area thus providing the necessary key for subsequent coating adhesion. The main disadvantage of this method of cleaning is the need to change the sanding disc.  Power Wire Brush. This is a rotary wire brush and is the least effective power tool method of preparing a surface as in many cases operator ends up simply polishing the surface of the rust or scale. If oil or grease are present on the surface and not removed by degreasing, then power wire brushing simply spreads the contamination over the surface rather than removes it.

c. Hand Tool Cleaning


This method of surface preparation removes loose mill scale, loose paint and loose rust by the use of brushing, sanding, scraping and chipping using hand held impact tools. This method will not result in the complete removal of the surface contaminants and many of these will remain in any pits in the surface. Nowadays, hand tool cleaning is used only when other surface preparation is not possible because of location or not available or uneconomical (as in some small repair jobs). Commonly used tools are knives, sanding blocks, wire brushes, scrapers and chisels. This method is quite tedious, involves high labour cost, and the operators effectiveness can be reduced, especially at the end of a shift, owing to tiredness.

d. Acid Pickling
Pickling is a method of surface preparation that is confined to an in-plant situation and is not used on plant or in service. It involves the removal of rust, scale and mill scale by immersing the steel object in a pickle bath, usually acid. This process should be preceded by cleaning the steel to remove material that prevents the pickling solution from cleaning the surface. While this often provides a clean surface for the subsequent application of coatings, the major drawback with this method is that the steel surface is not particularly rough and the surface profile is less than that achieved by abrasive blast cleaning. The size of the steel to be cleaned is also limited by the size of the pickling bath.

e. High Pressure Water Jetting


High pressure water jet cleaning involves using water at very high pressure (1,000-10,000 psi)/ultra high (25,000-35,000 psi) to remove most surface contaminants, especially soluble salts, dirt, grease, scale and rust. Whilst producing a very high standard of cleanliness, it will not produce an anchor pattern. This technique, sometimes known as water blasting is a much faster method of surface cleaning than power tool cleaning. Its primary advantages are that the material (water) is relatively cheap and that it does not produce a spark or dust which is particularly useful in the oil and gas industries.

f. Flame Cleaning
This is a method to prepare uncoated new steel by applying a high temperature flame (typically oxy-acetylene) to a surface in order to expand rust or mill scale and cause it to delaminate from the cooler metal surface leaving a warm dry surface on which a coating can be applied to before the surface cools. It also removes water vapour present on the surface. However, tightly adherent mill scale cannot be removed by flame cleaning only and it is often a requirement that a form of power tool cleaning should follow to remove the remaining contaminants.

g. Solvent Cleaning/Degreasing
This is a method of surface cleaning that is normally carried out prior to performing other types of surface preparation as it does not remove rust, scale or mill scale. It is performed by wiping or washing a surface with proprietary solvents. However great care is required to ensure that the end result is the removal of oil and grease from the surface and not simply spreading the contamination. For a satisfactory level of degreasing to be achieved the cleaning solvent and cloths need to be changed frequently.

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Stainless Steel
The surface preparation of stainless steel prior to painting is extremely important. Normally stainless steel would not be coated but in certain instances (such as pipeline identification or areas or chloride attack) it is necessary to coat the stainless steel. Because stainless steel is such an inert surface, careful surface preparation is required. To ensure good adhesion of any coating system, blast cleaning is the most effective method of surface preparation. However, the abrasive must be aluminium oxide and not steel shot nor expendable copper slags nor any other forms of metallic abrasive as these can cause individual spot corrosion on the surface because of the galvanic cells that would be formed by blasting with such an abrasive. The aluminium oxide is an expensive abrasive though it has been known to be recyclable. It creates a surface profile essential for keying the primer and subsequent paint system. The primer must also be zinc free to prevent the galvanic corrosion of stainless steel.

Non ferrous metals


There are a number of non-ferrous metals used in construction and industry which require painting for either aesthetic or protective reasons; Copper, Zinc, Bronze, Aluminium, Galvanised steel etc. Aluminium for instance is a most important structural metal that has found uses in the construction, aviation and shipping industries. Adequate surface preparation is essential for these metals so as to ensure adhesion of the paint system. Surface cleanliness is usually confined to the complete removal of oil, dirt and grease by degreasing prior to priming with a specially formulated coating.

a. Galvanised Metals
Many paint systems fail when applied to galvanised steel, usually because of the absence of a correct primer or insufficient surface preparation. All galvanised steel should firstly be degreased. New galvanised steel should be treated with a mordant solution or T wash. This acidic copper solution reacts with the galvanised steel and turns it black; where oil/grease is still present on the surface, the acidic solution cannot react with the zinc and thus remain brightly metallic in color. Thus the areas that have not been properly degreased can be located and re-cleaned. The mordant solution also etches the surface. A wash primer should then be applied after a freshwater wash to remove the residual mordant solution. For aged galvanised substrates the surface should be thoroughly washed to remove the soluble salts on the surface and of course the surface should be degreased. With both new and aged galvanising, a light abrasion using sandpaper will enhance the subsequent adhesion of the coating system applied.

b. Aluminium, Copper, Brass & Bronze


The surface should be degreased and lightly abraded using power tools or sweep blasting at reduced pressures prior to the application of paint. A suitable primer would be an etch primer.

c. Metal Spray Substrates


A metal spray substrate can be quite porous and it is essential that the dirt and salts that can form in the bottom of the pores are thoroughly removed before any coating is applied. Failure to degrease and wash this surface properly will lead to premature coating failure, usually in the form of blistering or de-lamination. It is therefore always prudent to coat a metal sprayed object.

Previously painted surfaces


The age and composition of an existing coating on a substrate can have considerable bearing on how a freshly applied system will perform. Before coating, a thorough examination of the substrate is advisable and the surface checked for cleanliness, chalking, adhesion and/or other defects. If the existing paint system is intact then these surfaces can generally be cleaned with a degreasing solution and freshwater and then allowed to dry prior to painting. However, where there are areas of breakdown, a spot repair or complete repair may be needed and one of the previously described methods should be employed. If in doubt, contact your local Berger representative for advice.

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Plaster and Wallboard


These surfaces are normally found in interior areas and are generally coated for decorative reasons only. The surface must be clean and dry. Damaged areas (e.g. cracks) should be repaired. It is best to apply a sealer coat first, e.g. Berger Plastaseal, but it should be noted that the moisture content of the surface should not exceed 25% prior to painting.

Timber
Wood is one of the most variable substrates that is coated. Within one piece of timber variations in density and moisture content occur. The surface of the timber should be cleaned to remove dirt, oil and grease and the moisture content checked to ensure it is below 20%. Certain oily woods will require solvent wiping using a fast evaporating solvent to remove the surface oil. The surface should be sanded prior to painting to allow the primer to wet the surface and ensure subsequent good adhesion of the coating system.

Temperature and Dew Point

In accordance with good painting practice, no organic coating should be applied if the temperature is below 5 C or the relative humidity is above 85%, unless the Product Data Sheet indicates otherwise. In additions, the temperature of the o steel being coated should be at least 3 C above the Dew Point. It should be remembered that concrete is an extremely variable material and its uses includes walls, floors, bridges, etc. It varies in its compositions and also in the way it is cast and hence particular care should be taken with surface preparation. Following the surface preparation, a sealer coat, either single pack or two pack is normally applied. Contaminated concrete is a very difficult substrate to prepare. Contaminants such as oil and grease are quite common place, particularly on floors in the food industry or in warehouses. These contaminants must be thoroughly removed. If they have deeply penetrated the concrete, the surface must be steam cleaned or sand blasted before any coating is applied.

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5. Surface Preparation Standards
Surface Preparation Standards for Steel
There are many standards existing relating to the surface preparation of steel. At the present, there is no single universally accepted standard; the USA tends to refer to SSPC or NACE Standards whereas Europe and Asia often quote Swedish or British Standards. The new International Standard ISO 8501-1;1988 (E) is based on the Swedish Standards Institution document Surface Preparation Standard for Painting Steel Surfaces SIS 05 59 00:1967. Both are pictorial representation of the required degrees of cleaning. One important characteristics of these standards is the reference to the original condition of the steel as far as its rust grade is concerned. A brief description of the four rust grades is given below followed by a table of the Surface Preparation Standards most commonly used by the industry throughout the world : Rust Grade A B Description Steel surface mostly covered with adherent mill scale with little or no rust. Steel surface where rust has begun and mill scale has started to flake. Typical Occurrence Steel shortly after rolling. Steel left outside in a fairly corrosive environment for several months.

Steel surface with visible slight pitting Unprotected steel stored outside in a fairly and from which mill scale has rusted corrosive environment for about 9-12 away or can easily be scraped off. months. Steel surface where general pitting has occurred and the mill scale has been almost completely removed. Unprotected steel stored outside in a corrosive environment for 18 months-2 years.

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Surface Preparation Standards:


Nearest Equivalent Standard Description of Surface Preparation Steel Structures Paint Council SSPC National Association Corrosion Engineers NACE

Swedish Std SIS 05 59 00 1967

ISO 85011:1988

British Std BS4232

Blast cleaning to ensure complete removal of all visible paint, rust, mill scale and other surface contaminants. The surface should have a uniform metallic color. Blast cleaning to remove all surface contaminants, eg. paint, rust, mill scale, etc from at least 95% of surface area of any section. Blast cleaning to remove almost all rust, mill scale and foreign matter. The remaining surface should be greyish in colour. Blast cleaning to remove loose rust, mill scale and foreign matter. Very thorough wire brushing and scraping / grinding to remove all loose mill scale, rust and foreign matter leaving the surface with an obvious metallic sheen. Good wire-brushing, scraping and/or grinding to remove all loose rust, mill scale & foreign matter leaving a surface with a faint metallic sheen. Acid Pickling. Solvent Wipe to remove all oil and grease

Sa 3

Sa 3

First Quality

SSPC-SP-5 White Metal

Nace # 1

Sa 2 1/2

Sa 2 1/2

Second Quality

SSPC-SP-10 Near White Metal SSPC-SP-6 Commercial Blast SSPC-SP-7

Nace # 2

Sa 2

Sa 2

Third Quality No equivalent No equivalent

Nace # 3

Sa 1

Sa 1

Nace # 4

St 3

St 3

SSPC-SP-3

No equivalent

St 2

St 2

No equivalent No equivalent No equivalent

SSPC-SP-2

No equivalent No equivalent No equivalent

No equivalent No equivalent

No equivalent No equivalent

SSPC-SP-8 SSPC-SP-1

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B. Paint Application
1. Selection of Application Methods
The importance of the correct application of a coating system cannot be overstressed; if it is applied under the specified film thickness then premature corrosion may occur. On the other hand if it is applied too thickly, then other problems such as slow curing or cracking etc. can occur. The method of application is also an important factor as it can affect the final appearance and performance of the paint system. Other factors to be considered when deciding on the method of application are:

The Shape Of The Structure


A complicated structure (such as lattice work) may be unsuitable for spray application because of the extremely high loss factors involved and another method of application, such as roller, may be more suitable. Small diameter pipes are more likely to be brush applied whereas the coating of the internal surface of a large diameter pipe is more suitable for spray application.

The Location Of The Structure


The possibility of over-spray onto adjacent structures or vehicles parked close to a building or structure may prohibit the use of spraying. Also the location of an area to be coated may be such that is uneconomical or physically impossible to apply paint by spray in that area.

Manufacturers Recommendations
Certain products are formulated for spray application only and are too fast drying for brush or roller application; other products must be spray applied to achieve the specified film thickness in one coat. The above mentioned factors are just examples of some of the considerations that should be taken into account when choosing a method of paint application.

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2. Methods of Application
There are four common methods of applying coatings to steel and other surfaces: Brush Roller Conventional Spray Airless Spray But no one of them is the best method for all coatings.

Brush Application
Brush application is not an outdated method of paint application as is sometimes thought and indeed is still the basic method by which most decorative and maintenance coatings are applied. It is a relatively slow method but can be the most suitable for applying paint to small complex structures and also hard-to-access areas. It is also a useful method of applying a stripe coat to areas such as bolts, rivets, edges, corner etc. prior to the application of the spray-coat, so as to ensure the correct film thickness is achieved in these areas. The brushing action can ensure good wetting and flooding of surfaces where high quality surface preparation is not provided. This helps to improve the adhesion of the coatings to these surfaces. There are various types of brushes : the flat wall type brush which may be up to 6 inches (15cm) in width with bristles up to 6 inches (15cm) in length; and oval brushes which are often used in the marine and industrial areas for the application of coatings to irregular surfaces, such as rivets, railings etc. When applying a coating by brush the following tips may be useful to ensure an even application: Brushes should not be dipped further than 1-1.5 inches (2.5-3.5 cm) into the paint so as to prevent dripping or the running of the paint onto the handle. Wipe the excess paint from the brush by gently tapping the bristles against the side of the can. The coating should then be spread over the substrate, holding the brush at an angle of about 45 . Light strokes should be used to evenly spread the coating on the surface followed by light parallel strokes over the surface of the coating to smooth the surface and eliminate brush marks or other irregularities in the surface. Always brush the final strokes from the last brush load into the previous brush load, overlapping the wet-edge so as to prevent uneven film thickness at the overlap areas. Fast drying products require a slightly different technique where the brush should be dipped and filled and applied to the surface as quickly as possible. Apply the coating using a few rapid strokes. Do not go back to the coating and try to brush it out as it will result in uneven film thickness caused by piling up the coating and also unsightly brush marks. Apply the next brush stroke in the same manner as quickly as possible remembering to brush the lapped area from the latest wet edge into the wet edge of the previous brush load. If applying a fast drying product to an edge or surface irregularity, always brush out over the edge regularly so as to ensure the correct film thickness as achieved in this area.
o

Roller Application
Roller application is generally used for large flat areas such as walls, steel sheeting, etc. It is a faster method of application than brush but not as fast as spray application. The universal use of this method is limited by two factors: The geometry of the structure and Certain coatings which are, by their nature, unsuitable for roller application. Roller application achieves a much better finish if the surface is smooth. If the surface is badly pitted, rusted or uneven, brush or spray application would be more suitable. Roller application does not thoroughly wet the surface and also often does not achieve the recommended film thickness, however, it is a useful method of application of coating with lower losses than spray application.

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The paint roller consists of a roller (usually foam, nylon or animal hair) and a handle to which it is attached. The roller is usually about 2 inches (5 cm) in diameter and 9 inches (23 cm) long. Smaller rollers exist for small objects. The length of the pile on the roller varies from 1/4 inch (6 mm) to 1.5 inches (40 mm) depending on the material used for the pile. A long pile is used for rough surfaces whereas the shorter pile is used on the smoother surfaces. Rollers can have very long handles or poles which make their use in shipyards particularly common as they are used regularly for touch up work where expensive scaffolding need not be employed.

Conventional Spray
Spray application of coatings is the fastest method of applying a paint. Conventional air spraying is commonly used for the application of coatings to cars, industrial products, and small areas of repair where a high quality of final appearance is essential. Essentially the paint is atomised to form a mist by the passage of a low pressure air stream and liquid paint through a small tip. The air then applies a pressure to force the liquid paint through the orifice of the gun and propel it to the surface to which it is being applied. Typically the air pressure involved is 40-100 psi. By controlling the viscosity of the paint, the volume and pressure of the air supply and the tip size, a paint can be successfully applied to the surface. A high viscosity coating is better applied using a pressure feed system with a heavy duty gun whereas an automotive coating would use a completely different set of equipment e.g. a suction gun. There are two methods of bringing the coating to the spray gun, either pressure feed or suction. A suction feed gun is usually fitted with a cop or container which contains the coating to be applied. (This liquid has already, if necessary, been thinned to the correct viscosity for spray application). When the trigger of the gun is operated, suction developed at the tip of the gun draws paint from the cup to the nozzle where it is sprayed. It cannot be used successfully for the application of high viscosity coatings. In a pressure feed gun, the coating is forced into the gun under pressure. The coating is stored in a pressure pot. This pot is connected to the gun by a fluid and an air hose and to an air supply by a large diameter hose (3-4 inch) (75-100 mm). The coating is forced under pressure through the fluid hose to the gun and air supplied directly to the gun forces the coating through the tip. This method is more suitable for applying coatings of high viscosity and is faster than the suction feed method. With all types of spraying (including airless), it is essential to have a water and oil separator to ensure that the air supplied from the compressor is clean. If this is not provided, the result is usually premature coating breakdown because of contamination of the coating as it is applied.

Airless Spray
This method of application is usually favoured for high build coatings on large areas. It has considerable advantages over conventional spray, brush and roller methods of application in speed of work and the ability to achieve specified film thickness in one application. Hydraulic pressure alone is used to apply coatings by airless spray, in a controlled spray pattern. The coating is atomised by forcing it at high pressure (2000-4000 psi typically) through an accurately designed small orifice (known as a tip) at different pressures and orifice sizes, to form a fan of paint droplets. A combination of high velocity and rapid expansion of the coatings on passing through the orifice into the atmosphere causes them to break up (atomise) without the additional assistance of atomising air.

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The pressure is supplied by either an electric or air activated pump. The air activated pump, which is the most common on-site equipment, can transmit to the coating material pressures of 20-75 times the pressure of the air supplied to the pump by compressor. (Typically hydraulic cylinder ratios are 30:1, 45:1 and 60:1). Some pumps are fitted directly to a wall and are supplied by 200 litre drums, others fit over the top of a 5 litre or 20 litre drum and have wheels which make them portable on site. Special high pressure paint lines are necessary for the material to be sprayed. Airless spray application can be controlled by the pressure, tip size and angle and the viscosity of the material being applied. The recommended practice in every instance is to ensure that the most suitable spray tip and pressure are selected and tried, and to establish, prior to painting, whether any addition of solvent would be necessary. The tip size is very important as combined with the pressure they determine the flow rate of the paint. Serious consideration should also be given to the spray angle ensuring that the optimum fan width is provided in relation to the shape and size of the structure being coated. It is important to ensure that all the equipment is kept very clean so as to ensure the minimum of delay because of tip blockages etc. Reversible tips are available to clean tips quickly but good housekeeping is the best way to ensure trouble-free application. Some useful procedures that should be followed are: Always use clean tips and clean these with solvent if application is to be stopped for more than 15 minutes. Always ensure that the tip size recommended on the product data sheet is being used. Stir paints with air-driven mixers and not with pieces of wood as splinters cause blockages and also can damage the pump. Use a filter on the paint intake line, in the pump and in the gun (unless specifically instructed by the data sheet to leave the filter out). Keep the paint containers covered, even if the paint container is under the pump, so as to prevent dust and grit etc. getting into the paint. At the completion of work each day, ensure that the pump, paint lines and gun are thoroughly cleaned with the recommended cleaning solvent. Spray Technique : The spray fan should be kept at right angles to the surface and the gun should be triggered at the end of each pass. The ideal distance for holding an airless spray gun from the surface being coated is 12-15 inches (30-40 cm) as this will ensure a full wet coat is applied. Distances in excess of 20 inches (50 cm) encourage pin-holding, dry spray and over-spray to occur. Ensure that the safety trigger device is in working order and only released during spraying operations. Airless spray application requires a high degree of care because of the pressures involved. When spraying it is advisable to avoid placing hands or fingers in front of the gun as the coating can be forced into the flesh bloodstream. Properly controlled airless spray is probably the most economical method of spray application. The equipment is relatively expensive but the savings on major applications often offset the high initial coat. The use of airless spray has several advantages over conventional spray application: Airless Spray is a faster method of application.  Over-spray is reduced to a minimum resulting in a healthier, cleaner and safer working environment. Much more viscous paint can be applied.  Solvent entrapment is reduced as much of the solvent in the paint is lost when the paint leaves the gun.  Providing that adequate pressure is available, more than one gun can be used with each spray pump. Improved surface wetting characteristics (especially when fast drying paints are being applied).

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Calculations
Volume solids, spreading rates & cost considerations
The volume solids of a coating is usually quoted nowadays as Practical Volume Solids. Traditionally the high performance coating industry preferred the theoretical method calculation but recent alternative practical methods have been adopted which take into account the effect of voids and solvents retained in the film. Berger bases its practical volume solids on a test method based on ASTM D2697. However, the theoretical spreading rate is only used as a guide as there are a number of other factors to take into account when costing a painting project. These loss factors are best determined by the applicator who, with their knowledge and experience of application equipment, geometry of structure, individuals spraying techniques etc., can arrive at accurate estimates for the practical spreading rates.

Paint Coverage
To calculate practical or theoretical covering capacity at the recommended dry film thickness the following variables must be known: a. % volume solids b. actual dry film thickness c. %loss factor

The material loss factor depends upon a number of factors, viz.: nature & texture of the substrate, geometry and shape of the substrate, application method, skill of operator, working condition, physical losses such as left over in drums, unused portion after completion of shelf life, cleaning losses etc. Once these variables are known, use the following formulas to make the calculations

TSR (Theoretical Spreading Rate) =

% volume solids x 10 actual dft

PSR (Practical Spreading Rate) =

100 - % loss factor 100

Cost of paint per sq.mt.


To calculate the material cost per sq. mt., the following variable must be known: a. Price per litre of paint. b. % volume solids c. Dry film thickness d. %loss factor Once these variables are known, use the following formula:

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Price per litre

Material cost per Sq.mt. =


TSR

100 100 - % loss factor

Quantity of paint required for a job


To calculate the quantity of paint required for a given job, the following parameters must be known: a. Area in sq.mt. b. % volume solids c. Dry film thickness d. %loss factor Once these variables are known, use the following formula:

Area

Quantity of paint required =


TSR

100 100 - % loss factor

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ABBREVIATIONS AND DEFINITIONS TOLERANCES
The information quoted in numerical values in this data compilations were derived from laboratory test data obtained under controlled conditions for the product described. Whilst every effort has been made to ensure accuracy, this information will be subjected to minor variations obtained in normal manufacturing tolerances, and any fluctuations in ambient conditions during the application, drying and curing duration. GLOSS LEVEL Typical gloss values have been determined using gloss head at 60 in accordance to ISO 2813:1978. Gloss Description Gloss % @ 60 Head Matt 0-15 Satin 16-30 Semi-gloss 31-60 Gloss 61-85 High Gloss >85 Actual finishing will be dependent on several factors including method of application, application technique, application condition and substrate surface condition. WET FILM THICKNESS (WFT) The initial thickness of the wet coating as applied onto substrate. DRY FILM THICKNESS (DFT) The measured thickness of the final dried film applied onto substrate. VOLUME SOLIDS The Volume Solids value given on the product data sheet is the percentage of the wet film, which remains as the dry film, and is obtained from a given wet film thickness under specified application method and conditions. The method of determination is adopted and modified from ASTM D-2697 which determines the Volume Solids of a coatings using the recommended dry film thickness of the coating quoted on the product data sheet, and a specified drying schedule at o o ambient temperature, i.e. 7 days at 23 C 1 C. DRYING TIME The drying times quoted in the product data sheet have been determined in the laboratory using typical dry film thickness, ambient temperature quoted in the relevant product data sheet, and the appropriate test methods, i.e. Touch Dry (ISO 1517-73) The state of surface drying of a coating whereby small glass spheres (i.e. Ballotini) can be lightly brushed away without damaging the surface of the coating. Hard Dry (ISO 9117-90) The condition of the coating film in which it is dry throughout its coating thickness, as opposed to that condition in which the surface of the coating film is dry superficially but the bulk of the coating is still fluid-like. The drying times achieved in practice may fluctuate slightly, particularly due to variation in climatic condition where the substrate temperature differs significantly from ambient air temperature.

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OVERCOATING INTERVAL The product data sheet gives both minimum and maximum overcoating interval where the figures quoted at various temperatures are intended as guidelines, consistent with good painting practices. Certain terms that require further elaboration are as follows: Minimum The minimum overcoating time quoted is an indication of the time required for the coating to attain the necessary state of dryness and hardness to allow the application of a further coat of paint. Which assumes that: The coating has been applied in accordance to the recommended thickness. Environmental conditions (especially in respect of temperature, relative humidity and ventilation) both during and after application were as recommended for the particular coating. The paint used for overcoating is suitable for that purpose. A sound understanding of the application method. For example, if either spray or brush can apply a coating, it is expected that overcoating is carried out more rapidly if sprayed and it is the minimal figure that is quoted. If the above state conditions are not met, then the quoted minimum overcoating times are liable to variation and will invariably have to be extended. Maximum The maximum overcoating time indicates the allowable time period within which overcoating should be carried out to ensure acceptable intercoat adhesion is achieved. Indefinite Where an indefinite overcoating time is stated, the anticipated level of intercoat adhesion can only be achieved if: The coating has been applied in accordance with good painting practices and at specified film thickness. The aged coating has the intended surface characteristics required for long term overcoatability. For example, and over-applied epoxy-MIO may not have its usual textured surface and is no longer favourable for overcoating upon aging unless suitably abraded. The condition of the coating to be overcoated must be sound and intact, tightly adherent, clean, dry and free from all foreign contaminants. For example, a rough textured surface of an epoxy-mastic may required extensive surface preparations to ensure cleanliness, especially in an industrial and / or coastal environment. Coating that have a smooth and glossy surface that do not promote adhesion of subsequent coats should be treated with light surface abrasion, sweep blasting, or other suitable process which will not through or detract from the performance of the underlying coating. It should be recognized that the level of intercoat adhesion obtained is also dependent upon the chemistry of the topcoat. By their nature, primers, sealers or undercoats with acceptable pigment levels will have inherently better adhesion than finish coats with lower pigment contents. The measurement of ultimate adhesive strength can often be a difficult process, and interpretation of results can be subjective. Excellent adhesion does not necessarily mean good performance, nor does relatively poor adhesion necessarily mean poor performance. Although the adhesion of the coatings applied to aged / cured coatings may be deemed satisfactory for the specified end use, actual numerical values obtained for adhesion may be less than with coatings applied within minimum / short overcoatings intervals. For further additional information on individual products, or coating schemes, consult your local Berger office.

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FLASH POINT In accordance to (ISO 3679:1983), the minimum temperature at which a product, when confined in a Setaflash closed cup, must be heated for the vapours emitted to ignite momentarily in the presence of a flame. VOLATILE ORGANIC CONTENT (VOC) The weight of organic solvent per litre of paint is the Volatile Organic Content (VOC). It is recommended that users check with local agencies for details of current VOC regulations, to ensure compliance with any local legislative requirements when proposing the use of any coatings. WORKING POT LIFE The maximum time during which the product supplied as separate components should be used after they have been thoroughly mixed together at the specified temperature in accordance to (ISO 9514:1922). The figures quoted have been obtained from a combination of laboratory tests, and application trials, refer to the time periods under which satisfactory coating performance will be achieved. Application of any product must NOT be attempted, even if the material in question appears liquid in the can. Any mixed product when exceeded the working pot life will lead to inferior performance. SHIPPING WEIGHT The shipping weights quoted refer to the total weight of the product supplied plus weight of the can / container. These weight are quoted for individual components, and do not take into account any additional packaging weight attributed to cartons, etc. SHELF LIFE The shelf life quoted on the product data sheets is generally a conservative value, and it is probable that the coating can be applied without any deterioration in performance after this period. However, if the specified shelf life has been exceeded, it is recommended that the condition of the material is checked before any large scale application is undertaken using materials beyond the quoted shelf life. For further information, consult your local Berger office.

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A. Approvals
Company Name Oil & Gas
Abu Dhabi OIL Refining Company (Takreer) Abu Dhabi Gas Industries Ltd. (GASCO) National Drilling Company, Abu Dhabi (NDC) Zakum Development Company (ZADCO) BUNDUQ Abu Dhabi Gas Liquification Company (ADGAS) Mobil Oil East Africa Limited Qatar Petroleum Emirates General Petroleum Corporation(EMERAT) Mussafah Offshore Supply Base Kuwait Oil Company (KSC) Bahrain Petroleum Company (BAPCO) Kuwait National Petroleum Company (KSC) Bahrain National Gas Company (BANAGAS) Shell Petroleum Petronas Research & Scientific Services (PRSS) UAE UAE UAE UAE UAE UAE UAE Qatar UAE UAE Bahrain Bahrain Bahrain Bahrain Singapore Malaysia Takreer & MTS Bodycote Laboratory ADCO GASCO NDC ZADCO BUNDUQ ADGAS Mobil Qatar Petroleum EMERAT IALCROW Kuwait Oil Company (KSC) Bahrain Petroleum Company KSC Japan Gas Company Corporation ( JCG ) Shell International Netherlands Petronas Abu Dhabi Company for Onshore Oil Operations (ADCO) UAE

Country

Consultant /Approving Agency

Others
Company Name
Aluminium Bahrain BSC (ALBA) Abu Dhabi Polymers Company Limited Borouge Petrochemical Project - Ruwais Emirates Telecommunications Corporation(ETISALAT) Abu Dhabi Muncipality- Food & Environment Control Centre Development Board, Government of Dubai Suadi American General Electric Company International Airport Authority Royal Oman Police Ministry of Electricity & Water (State of Bahrain)

Country
Bahrain UAE UAE UAE UAE Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Oman Bahrain

Consultant /Approving Agency


ALBA Alliance Bechtel Linde ETISALAT Abu Dhabi Muncipality Development Board Suadi American General Electric Company IAA, Saudi Arabia ROP Directorate of Electricity & Water Projects Lahmeyer International

Ministry of Electricity & Water (State of Bahrain)- HIDD Bahrain Power & Water Production Capacity

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Product Certifications
Product Certifications
Potable Water Certification - Epilux 155 / Epilux 155 SF Potable Water Certification - Epilux 155 / Epilux 155 SF Potable Water Certification - Epimastic 6000 American Petroleum Institute (5L2) / Epilux 78 Grain Carriage Certification - Epimastic 3000 HS Epoxy Self Levelling Floor Coating - Luxafloor 5000

Country
UAE UAE Egypt Egypt Singapore Singapore

Consultant /Approving Agency


Water Quality Centre - UK Al-Futtaim Tarmac -UAE Chemistry Adminstration National Research Center Newcastle Occupational Health PSB Corporation - Singapore PSB Corporation - Singapore PSB Corporation - Singapore PSB Corporation - Singapore PSB Corporation - Singapore PSB Corporation - Singapore PSB Corporation - Singapore Lloyd Register of Shipping, UK Lloyd Register of Shipping, UK Lloyd Register of Shipping, UK Lloyd Register of Shipping, UK KSC Japan Gas Company Corporation ( JCG ) Shell International Netherlands Petronas

Epoxy Screed Floor Coating - Luxafloor 1000 / Luxafloor Singapore 5000 Salt Spray Test for Epilux 18 HS Chemical Resistance to Mogas - Epilux 155 SF Chemical Resistance to Mogas - Steelshield 1200 Singapore Singapore Singapore

Abrasion Resistance For Glass Flake Epoxy -Steelshield Singapore 1200 Surface Spread of Flame Test - Luxol 5000 Approval For Pre Fabrication Primer -Epilux 66 Crude Oil Resistance - Epilux 610 /Epilux 218 Singapore Singapore Singapore

Crude, Refined Oil & Salt Water Ballast - Epilux 610 / EpiSingapore lux 155 Salt Water Ballast Tanks - Epilux 78 / Epilux 8 Kuwait National Petroleum Company (KSC) Bahrain National Gas Company (BANAGAS) Shell Petroleum Petronas Research & Scientific Services (PRSS) Singapore Bahrain Bahrain Singapore Malaysia

References
Oil & Gas Project Name

(NC = New Construction / M = Maintenance)

Location Singapore Brunei Brunei Brunei

Year 1990 1993 1994 1994

Project Type M NC NC NC

HEC Holland - Jack Up Barge (IB 909) Brunei Shell Petroleum -Engang Tripod and Jacket Brunei Shell Petroleum -Engang Platform(ENWI-1) Brunei Shell Petroleum - Helideck New Construction

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Brunei Shell Petroleum - AMPA Maintenance Brunei Shell Petroleum - Campaign 96 Maintenance Brunei Shell Petroleum -Champion CPGP-7 Brunei Shell Petroleum -Champion 4 Brunei Shell Petroleum -Champion CPGP-7 Brunei Shell Petroleum -Champion 4

Brunei Brunei Brunei Brunei Brunei Brunei

1996 1996 1996 1996 1996 1996 1996 1997 2003

M M M M M M NC M M

Brunei Shell Petroleum - Peragam Development Project Brunei Brunei Shell Petroleum - Fairley 4 Shell Oil & Gas - Serai Subsea Structures Brunei Malaysia

Petrochemicals
Project Name Govt Of Trinidad & Tabago - Methanol Plant Trigen I & II CRC - Oil Tank Mobil Oil - Tanks Shell Petroleum - Tsing Yi Terminal Union Carbide - 6 Storage Tanks Shell Petroleum CAAFI Tanks Petronas/Shell - MLNG Sea Water Intake Pipes Mobil Oil - Pipe Racks Polypropylene Malaysia Sdn Bhd - PPM Project Polypropylene Malaysia Sdn Bhd - PPM Project Stack Shell Petroleum - SMDS Flare Stack Shell Petroleum - SMDS Jetty, Piles, Legs & Piping Shell Petroleum - SMDS Storage Tanks (External) Shell Petroleum - SMDS Storage Tanks (Internall) Location Point Lisas Indl Estate, Trinidad Point Lisas Indl Estate, Trinidad Tsing Yi, Thailand Mobil Refinery, Singapore Hong Kong Hong Kong Changi Airport,Singapore Bintulu, Malaysia Jurong, Singapore Kuantan, Malaysia Kuantan, Malaysia Bintulu, Malaysia Bintulu, Malaysia Bintulu, Malaysia Bintulu, Malaysia Year 1986 1988 1989 1990 1990 1991 1992 1992 1992 1992 1992 1992 1992 1992 1992 Project Type NC NC M M M M NC M NC NC NC NC NC NC NC

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Petrochemicals
Project Name Shell Petroleum - SMDS Water Treatment Plant AMOCO - Crude Oil Tanks AMOCO - Flare Area Maintenance Mobil Oil - Aromatics & CCR Chimney British Petroleum - BP Tank 7 Mobil Oil - CCR Tanks Brunei Shell Petroleum - Serai Gas Terminal Caltex Singapore - Diesel Oil Tank 544 - 547 Cosmo Oil (Thailand) Co. Ltd. Dovechem - Phthalic Anhydride Hydro Agri - Ammonia Sulphate Plant Caltex - Crude Oil Tank 557 Mobil Oil - Lube Oil Tanks Mobil Oil - Pressure Vessels Sembawang Utilities - Terminal 2001 Sembawang Utilities - Terminal Boiler Sembawang Utilities - Piping & Sheet Piles Singapore Power Supply - Toh Tuck Gas Holder Van Ommeren Terminal ESSO China Petrochemical (Ningbo) - Oil Pipeline Exxon Chemical Engg Co - Tanks Location Bintulu, Malaysia Point Goelata,Trinidad Point Goelata,Trinidad Jurong, Singapore Alexandra Road, Singapore Jurong, Singapore Seria , Brunei Jalan Buroh, Singapore Pak-Chong Nakornrajsrima Tuas, Singapore Point Lisas T&T Penjuru Terminal, Singapore Jurong, Singapore Jurong, Singapore Pular Sakar, Singapore Pular Sakar, Singapore Pular Sakar, Singapore Toh Tuck Road, Singapore Palau Sebarok, Singapore Beilun Ningbo, China Guangzhou Panyu City, China Year 1992 1993 1993 1993 1994 1994 1995 1996 1996 1996 1996 1997 1997 1997 1997 1997 1997 1997 1998 1999 2000 Project Type NC M M NC M NC M M NC NC NC M NC NC NC NC NC NC M NC NC

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PORTS & WATER


Project Name Mersey Docks & Harbour Pan United Shipyard - Overhead Cranes Natsteel Engg Pte Ltd. - Boat Stacker Shed Port Authority of Singapore Pan United Shipyard - Mobile Tower Cranes Portainer Cranes WASA Ministry of Environment - Seletar Sewerage Works Ministry of Environment - Kranji Sewerege Works Location Liverpool-UK Pan United Shipyard, Singapore Tuas, Singapore Sentosa, Singapore Pan United Shipyard, Singapore Port Of Spain, T&T St Patrick County, Trinidad Seletar, Singapore Singapore Year 1975 1990 1991 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1996 1996 1997 2001 Project Type NC NC NC NC NC M M M NC M NC NC NC

Ministry of Environment - Seletar Sewerage Aeration Seletar, Singapore Tanks PWD - Zayed Port Sheds Brunei Shell Petroleum - Bollards Perak Port Authority - Jetty Expansion Phase 3 Abu Dhabi Marine Const. Yard, Brunei Lumut Perak, Malaysia

POWER & TELECOMMUNICATION


Project Name Cable & Wireless - Stanley Earth Station Groton Pacific Carriers - Pasir Gudang Power Station Singapore Telecom Location Singapore Paka, Pasir Gudang Kim Chuan Road, Singapore Year 1982 1989 1991 1992 1994 1994 1995 1995 1995 1996 Project Type M NC NC NC M NC NC NC M NC

Telephone Authority Of Singapore - Sentosa TransmisSentosa, Singapore sion Tower Mina Power Station - Structures & Pipeline Project ADWEA - OHTL 220 KV Madinat Zayed to Liwa Public Utilities Board - PUB Turbine & Stator Generator ADWEA - OHTL 220 KV Madinat Zayed to Mirfa Umn Al Nar Power Station - Fire Water Pipelines Public Utilities Board - PUB Turbine Abu Dhabi - UAE Abu Dhabi - UAE Pulau Seraya Singapore Abu Dhabi - UAE Abu Dhabi - UAE Pulau Seraya Singapore

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POWER & TELECOMMUNICATION
Project Name ADWEA - OHTL 33 KV Pile Caps ADWEA - OHTL 33 KV Mirfa to Abual Abyad ADWEA - OHTL 220 KV Mirfa to Ruwais Umn Al Nar Power Station - Cranes SEWA - OHTL 220 KV ADWEA - OHTL 400 KV Shahama East to Mirfa Umn Al Nar Power Station - Equipments & Pipelines Location Abu Dhabi - UAE Abu Dhabi - UAE Abu Dhabi - UAE Abu Dhabi - UAE Sharjah - UAE Abi Dhabi - UAE Abu Dhabi - UAE Year 1997 1997 1998 1998 1998 1999 2000 2000 2000 2000 2003 Project Type M M NC M NC NC M M M M M

Ministry of Water & Electricity(UAE) - Potable Water RAK - UAE Tanks Ministry of Water & Electricity(UAE) - Potable Water Ajman - UAE Tanks Ministry of Water & Electricity(UAE) - Potable Water Fujairah - UAE Tanks ADWEA - Transmission Tower Maintenance' UAE

INFRASTRUCTURE
Project Name Mersey Tunnel Commision Hong Kong Govt.- Aberdeen Tunnel Highway Department Tsin Tsa Tsui Footbridges PWD Singapore - Anderson Bridge PWD Singapore - Cavenagh Bridge New World - Footbridges Singapore Mass Rapid Train Ltd.-Boon Lay Station Singapore Mass Rapid Train Ltd.-Bukit Gombak Station J K R Sabah - Segama & Kinabatagan Bridges Jabatan Kerja Raya Perak - Sayong Bridge Location Liverpool UK Hong Kong Hong Kong Empress Place, Singapore Empress Place, Singapore Hong Kong Boon Lay, Singapore Bukit Gombak, Singapore Malaysia Kuala Kangsar Perak, Malaysia Year 1971 1982 1986 1987 1987 1988 1989 1989 1990 2002 2003 2003 Project Type NC NC M M M M NC NC NC NC NC NC M

Jabatan Kerja Raya Wilayah Persekutuan - Bridge UpJalan Klang Lama, KL, Malaysia gradation Putrajaya Holdings Sdn. Bhd. PZP Project Dowell Schlumberger - MS Silos Putrajaya, Malaysia Dubai - UAE

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Product Index
PRODUCT TYPE
INORGNIC ZINC RICH PRIMER EPOXY ZINC RICH PRIMER EPOXY TOPCOAT COAL TAR EPOXY

PRODUCT
ZINCANODE 330 ZINCANODE 685 EPILUX 4 EPILUX 8 EPILUX 58 M.I.O

GENERIC DESCRIPTION
Inorganic Zinc Silicate Primer High Solids Epoxy Zinc Rich Primer Epoxy High Gloss Finish High Build Coal Tar Epoxy High Build Epoxy M.I.O. HB Epoxy Undercoat/Finish HB Epoxy Undercoat High Build Epoxy Anti-Corrosive Primer Flexible Epoxy Primer Epoxy Anti-Corrosive Primer High Build Solventless Epoxy Epoxy Phenolic Surface Tolerant Epoxy Aluminum Surface Tolerant Epoxy Primer/Finish Polyurethane High Gloss Finish High Build Polyurethane Finish High Heat Resisting Finish (600 C) Silicone Acrylic Heat Resisting Finish (220 C) High Solids Glass Flake Polyester High Build Glass Flake Epoxy Quick Drying Primer Quick Drying Primer / Top Coat
o o

EPOXY HIGH BUILD COATING

EPILUX 218 EPILUX 219 EPILUX 78

EPOXY PRIMERS

EPILUX 160 (RO) PRIMER EPILUX 610

EPOXY TANK LININGS

EPILUX 155-SF EPILUX 814 HS EPIMASTIC 5100 EPIMASTIC 6000 LUXATHANE 5000 LUXATHANE 5075 LUXATHERM 5600 LUXATHERM 6200 STEEL SHIELD 1100 STEEL SHIELD 1200 RAPID AIR DRY 10 RAPID AIR DRY 15

EPOXY MASTICS

POLYURETHANE TOPCOATS

HEAT RESISTANT PAINTS

STEEL SHIELD

QUICK DRY ALKYD SYSTEM

Rev.1- Nov 2010

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ZINCANODE 330
Inorganic Zinc Silicate Primer

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION DESIGNED USE PHYSICAL DATA

A High performance two pack self-curing inorganic zinc primer as a new construction or maintenance primer. Solvent based ethyl silicate pigmented with zinc powder. Fast drying primer with outstanding anti-corrosive protection. Anti-corrosive primer or blast cleaned steel Will withstand surface temperatures up to 400C VOLUME SOLIDS (Based on ASTM D2697) TYPICAL DRY FILM THICKNESS WET FILM THICKNESS THEORETICAL COVERAGE COLOUR FINISH 62 % + 2 % 75 microns 120 microns 8.27 m2/litre @ 75 microns dft Greenish Grey Matt

APPLICATION DETAILS

METHOD OF APPLICATION : AIRLESS SPRAY This is the recommended method of application: Maximum 5% Thinner may be added. Tip Size: 0.43 - 0.58 mm (0.017 - 0.023 in) Pressure: 110 - 160 kg/cm2 (1600 - 2300 psi) This is also a suitable method of application. Maximum 20% Thinner may be added Tip Size: 1.80 - 2.20 mm (0.071 - 0.087 in) Pressure: 2.75 - 3.45 kg/cm2 (40 - 50 psi) May be used for difficult shapes or touch-up. However, additional coats may be required to achieve the recommended film thickness. Over coating Interval Minimum 36 Hrs 24 Hrs 18 Hrs 12 Hrs Two 1 part liquid to 2 parts Zinc powder Do not apply this product if the Relative Humidity exceeds 85% or if the substrate temperature is within 3C of the dew point Solvalux 7-45 Store in a cool shaded dry area Mixed 18C 20 liters 6 months from the date of manufacture. Maximum Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite

CONVENTIONAL SPRAY

BRUSH OR ROLLER DRYING TIME: Surface Temperature 15C 25C 35C 45C Mixing Ratio Application Conditions Touch Dry 35 mins 15 mins 10 mins 5 mins

Hard Dry 18 Hrs 16 Hrs 10 Hrs 6 Hrs

Pot Life 10 Hrs 8 Hrs 4 Hrs 2 Hrs

NO. OF COMPONENTS

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Thinner / Cleaning solvent Storage Instruction Flash Point Packaging Shelf Life

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ZINCANODE 330
Inorganic Zinc Silicate Primer

SURFACE PREPARATION

Remove all wax, oil and grease by solvent cleaning in accordance with the guidelines given by SSPC-SPI. Where necessary remove weld spatter and round off all rough weld seams and sharp edges to a smooth surface. Abrasive blast clean to a minimum standard of Sa 2 Swedish Standard SIS 05 59 00 or ISO 8501-1 : 1988. Any surface defects revealed by blast cleaning should be ground, filled or treated in a suitable manner. An average surface profile of 50 microns is acceptable, but this average should not exceed 75 microns. After blasting, remove dust from the surface. The surface to be coated must also be clean and dry. Before over coating this product ensure that the surface is clean, dry and free from zinc salts. If the surface shows sign of breakdown, a sweep blast may be necessary. Stir liquid converter thoroughly and add powder. Continue stirring until thoroughly mixed. Filter through a 30 to 60 mesh screen to remove any large particles before use. The continuously mixed material should be applied by spray. Rinse equipment with Solvalux 7-45 before use. When application is made by conventional spray, use the lowest air pressure that will achieve good atomization in order to minimize overspray. Apply the material in one wet coat, overlapping each pass 50% and holding the spray gun at right angles to the surface at all times. The spray gun should be held approximately 8 inches (20cm) from the surface, using a 6 to 8 inch (l5-20cm) fan. When application is made by airless spray, use an inbound pressure approximately 10 psi above the level at which "pig-tails" occurs. Hose length should be limited to not more than 20 meters. This product will cure more slowly if the Relative Humidity falls below 50%. Dry heat resistance up to 400C. May also be applied between 50 and 75 microns DFT. Avoid contact with the skin and eyes. Wear suitable protective clothing such as overalls, goggles, dust masks and gloves. Use a barrier cream. Ensure that there is adequate ventilation in the area where the product is being applied. Do not breathe vapor or spray. This product is flammable. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not smoke. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. In case of fire blanket flames with foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemicals. Refer to MSDS for further information.
Eyes: In the event of accidental splashes, flush eyes with water immediately and obtain medical advice. Skin: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water or approved industrial cleaner. DO NOT USE solvent or thinners. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air, loosen collar and keep patient rested. Ingestion: In case of accidental ingestion, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Obtain immediate medical attention.
The information provided on this data sheet is not intended to be complete and is provided as general advice only. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the product is suitable for the purpose for which he wishes to use it. As we have no control over the treatment of the product, the standard of surface preparation of the substrate, or other factors affecting the use of this product, we are not responsible for its performance nor would we accept any liability whatsoever or howsoever arising from the use of this product unless specifically agreed to in writing by us. The information contained in this data sheet may be modified by us from time to time, and without notice, in the light of our experience and continuous product development.

APPLICATION

PRODUCT USE RESTRICTIONS SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

FIRST AID

DISCLAIMER

Rev.1- Nov 2010

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ZINCANODE 685
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
A High performance two pack epoxy zinc rich primer which provides superior corrosion protection to steel in aggressive environments. Can be used in underwater with suitable top coat. Provides Galvanized Protection. Complies with British standards BS 4652 Meets performance requirements of BS 5493 APIB, DF, KPIB As a high quality anti-corrosion primer for Berger Protective Coatings Systems used in aggressive environments such as: Marine and Port Facilities Offshore Structures Petrochemical Plants Pipe works VOLUME SOLIDS (Based on ASTM D2697) TYPICAL DRY FILM THICKNESS WET FILM THICKNESS THEORETICAL COVERAGE COLOUR FINISH 62 % + 2 % 75 microns 120 microns 8.27 m2/litre @ 75 microns DFT Metallic Grey Matt

High Solid Epoxy Zinc Rich Primer

DESIGNED USE

PHYSICAL DATA

APPLICATION DETAILS

METHOD OF APPLICATION: AIRLESS SPRAY This is the recommended method of application: Maximum 5% Thinner may be added. Tip Size: 0.43 - 0.53 mm (0.017 - 0.021 in) Pressure: 130 - 180 kg/cm2 (1850 2550 psi) May be used for difcult shapes or touch -up. However, additional coats may be required to achieve the recommended lm thickness. Over coating Interval Minimum 12 hours 9 hours 6 hours Maximum Indenite Indenite Indenite

BRUSH OR ROLLER DRYING TIME: Surface Temperature 15C 25C 35C Touch Dry 20 minutes 15 minutes 10 minutes

Hard Dry 6 hours 4.5 hours 3 hours Two

Pot Life 4 hours 3 hours 2 hours

NO. OF COMPONENTS Mixing Ratio Application Conditions

3 parts Base to 1 part Hardener (by volume) Do not apply this product if the Relative Humidity exceeds 85% or if the substrate temperature is within 3C of the dew point Solvalux 7-45 Store in a cool shaded dry area Mixed 20C 5 liters & 20 liters 6 months from the date of manufacture.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Thinner / Cleaning solvent Storage Instruction Flash Point Packaging Shelf Life

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ZINCANODE 685
SURFACE PREPARATION
For best results, the surface should be treated as follows prior to priming. Remove all wax, oil and grease by solvent cleaning in accordance with the guidelines given by SSPC-SPI. Where necessary remove weld spatter and round off all rough weld seams and sharp edges to a smooth surface. Abrasive blast clean to a minimum standard of Sa 2 Swedish Standard SIS 05 59 00 or ISO 8501-1 : 1988. Any surface defects revealed by blast cleaning should be ground, filled or treated in a suitable manner. An average surface profile of 50 microns is acceptable, but this average should not exceed 75 microns. After blasting, remove dust from the surface. Special care must be taken on weld areas to remove flux and spatter. Welds should be ground back to avoid pockets where corrosion can occur. The cleaned surface should be coated before it becomes contaminated. The surface to be coated must also be clean and dry. If this product is to be over coated then the surface must be free from all zinc salts. This can be achieved by fresh water wash and scrubbing. Not recommended for immersion service in acid or alkaline conditions unless suitably top coated. Dry heat resistance up to l50C. May also be applied between 50 and 75 microns DFT. As common with all Epoxy products, this product also will tend to discolour and chalk on exposure to direct sunlight. Avoid contact with the skin and eyes. Wear suitable protective clothing such as overalls, goggles, dust masks and gloves. Use a barrier cream. Ensure that there is adequate ventilation in the area where the product is being applied. Do not breathe vapor or spray. This product is flammable. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not smoke. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. In case of fire blanket flames with foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemicals. Refer to MSDS for further information. Eyes: In the event of accidental splashes, flush eyes with water immediately and obtain medical advice. Skin: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water or approved industrial cleaner. DO NOT USE solvent or thinners. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air, loosen collar and keep patient rested. Ingestion: In case of accidental ingestion, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Obtain immediate medical attention.
The information provided on this data sheet is not intended to be complete and is provided as general advice only. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the product is suitable for the purpose for which he wishes to use it. As we have no control over the treatment of the product, the standard of surface preparation of the substrate, or other factors affecting the use of this product, we are not responsible for its performance nor would we accept any liability whatsoever or howsoever arising from the use of this product unless specifically agreed to in writing by us. The information contained in this data sheet may be modified by us from time to time, and without notice, in the light of our experience and continuous product development.

High Solid Epoxy Zinc Rich Primer

PRODUCT USE RESTRICTIONS

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

FIRST AID

DISCLAIMER

Rev.1- Nov 2010

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EPILUX 4
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
A two component epoxy-polyamide pigmented with durable pigments giving a glossy topcoat with: High resistance to impact and abrasion. Good adhesion to aged epoxy coatings Resistance to spillage or splashes of mild chemicals BS 5493 reference. Meets performance of KFIA A high gloss finishes for steelwork, non-ferrous substrates and concrete. Suitable as a tank lining for aviation fuel tanks. As a colorful topcoat for flooring systems. VOLUME SOLIDS (Based on ASTM D2697) TYPICAL DRY FILM THICKNESS WET FILM THICKNESS THEORETICAL COVERAGE COLOUR FINISH METHOD OF APPLICATION : AIRLESS SPRAY This is the recommended method of application: Maximum 5% Thinner may be added. Tip Size: 0.38 - 0.48 mm (0.015 - 0.019 in) Pressure: 130 - 160 kg/cm2 (1800 2300 psi) This is also a suitable method of application. Maximum 20% Thinner may be added Tip Size: 1.80 - 2.20 mm (0.071 - 0.087 in) Pressure: 2.75 - 3.45 kg/cm2 (40 - 50 psi) May be used for difficult shapes or touch-up. However, additional coats may be required to achieve the recommended film thickness. Thinner (max 2%) Re coating Interval Minimum 24 Hrs 16 Hrs 8 Hrs 6 Hrs Two 3 parts Base to 1 part Hardener (by volume) Do not apply this product if the Relative Humidity exceeds 85% or if the substrate temperature is within 3C of the dew point Solvalux 7-45 Store in a cool shaded dry area Mixed 30C 5 liters & 20 liters 12 months from the date of manufacture. Maximum 10 Days 5 Days 3 Days 3 Days 52 % + 2 % 50 microns 96 microns 10.4 m2/litre @ 50 microns dft As per shade card Full Gloss

Epoxy High Gloss Finish

DESIGNED USE

PHYSICAL DATA

APPLICATION DETAILS

CONVENTIONAL SPRAY

BRUSH OR ROLLER DRYING TIME: Surface Temperature 15C 25C 35C 45C Mixing Ratio Application Conditions Touch Dry 3 Hrs 2 Hrs 1 Hr 40 mins

Hard Dry 20 Hrs 16 Hrs 8 Hrs 6 Hrs

Pot Life 10 Hrs 4 Hrs 3 Hrs 1 Hrs

NO. OF COMPONENTS

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Thinner / Cleaning solvent Storage Instruction Flash Point Packaging Shelf Life

Protective Coating

33

EPILUX 4
SURFACE PREPARATION
This coating is usually applied over 2 pack epoxies, zinc silicates. The surface to be over coated must be dry and free from surface contaminants. All wax, oil and grease should be removed by solvent cleaning in accordance with the guidelines given by SSPC-SPI. Soluble salts, dirt and dust must be removed prior to applying the coating. Dry brushing should be sufficient. A freshwater wash must follow to remove all soluble salts. Always ensure the maximum over coating time for the primer/ build coat has not been exceeded prior to application.

Epoxy High Gloss Finish

PRODUCT USE RESTRICTIONS

As is common with all epoxies this product will chalk on exposure to direct sunlight. Dry heat resistance up to 120C. May also be applied between 30 and 50 microns DFT.

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

Avoid contact with the skin and eyes. Wear suitable protective clothing such as overalls, goggles, dust masks and gloves. Use a barrier cream. Ensure that there is adequate ventilation in the area where the product is being applied. Do not breathe vapor or spray. This product is flammable. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not smoke. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. In case of fire blanket flames with foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemicals. Refer to MSDS for further information.

FIRST AID

Eyes: In the event of accidental splashes, flush eyes with water immediately and obtain medical advice. Skin: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water or approved industrial cleaner. DO NOT USE solvent or thinners. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air, loosen collar and keep patient rested. Ingestion: In case of accidental ingestion, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Obtain immediate medical attention.
The information provided on this data sheet is not intended to be complete and is provided as general advice only. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the product is suitable for the purpose for which he wishes to use it. As we have no control over the treatment of the product, the standard of surface preparation of the substrate, or other factors affecting the use of this product, we are not responsible for its performance nor would we accept any liability whatsoever or howsoever arising from the use of this product unless specifically agreed to in writing by us. The information contained in this data sheet may be modified by us from time to time, and without notice, in the light of our experience and continuous product development.

DISCLAIMER

Rev.1- Nov 2010

Protective Coating

34

PROTECTIVE COATING
High Build Coal Tar Epoxy

EPILUX 8

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

A high build Epoxy/ Polyamine containing epoxy pitch that can be applied up to 400 microns in one coat. Can be applied to blast cleaned steel or to an epoxy primer. Good abrasion resistance. Resistant to severe atmospheric conditions. For steel and concrete in continuous and intermittent immersion in fresh and salt water. For the protection of ballast tanks. Excellent resistance to chemically polluted water (e.g. sewage). VOLUME SOLIDS (Based on ASTM D2697) TYPICAL DRY FILM THICKNESS WET FILM THICKNESS THEORETICAL COVERAGE COLOUR FINISH 92 % + 2 % 200 microns 217 microns 4.6 m2/litre @ 200 microns dft Black & Brown Low Sheen

DESIGNED USE

PHYSICAL DATA

APPLICATION DETAILS

METHOD OF APPLICATION : AIRLESS SPRAY This is the recommended method of application: Maximum 5% Thinner may be added. Tip Size: 0.48 - 0.58 mm (0.019 - 0.023 in) Pressure: 130 - 180 kg/cm2 (1800 2500 psi) May be used for difficult shapes or touch-up. However, additional coats may be required to achieve the recommended film thickness. Re coating Interval Minimum 12 Hrs 8 Hrs 4 Hrs 3 Hrs Two 3 parts Base to 1 part Hardener (by volume) Do not apply this product if the Relative Humidity exceeds 85% or if the substrate temperature is within 3C of the dew point Solvalux 7-45 Store in a cool shaded dry area Mixed 50C 5 liters & 20 liters 12 months from the date of manufacture. Maximum 96 Hrs 48 Hrs 24 Hrs 18 Hrs

BRUSH OR ROLLER DRYING TIME: Surface Temperature 15C 25C 35C 45C Mixing Ratio Application Conditions Touch Dry 12 Hrs 6 Hrs 3 Hrs 1 Hrs

Hard Dry 30 Hrs 16 Hrs 10 Hrs 6 Hrs

Pot Life 10 Hrs 5 Hrs 3 Hrs 1 Hrs

NO. OF COMPONENTS

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Thinner / Cleaning solvent Storage Instruction Flash Point Packaging Shelf Life

Protective Coating

35

High Build Coal Tar Epoxy

EPILUX 8

SURFACE PREPARATION

STEEL . This product should be applied to a surface has been blast cleaned. It can be applied either directly to steel or to a suitably primed surface (e.g. EPILUX 610 or ZINCANODE 600). Remove all wax, oil and grease by solvent cleaning in accordance with the guidelines given by SSPC-SPI. Where necessary remove weld spatter and round off all rough weld seams and sharp edges to a smooth surface. Abrasive blast clean to a minimum standard of Sa 2 Swedish Standard SIS 05 59 00 or ISO 85011 : 1988 Any surface defects revealed by blast cleaning should be ground, filled or treated in a suitable manner. An average surface profile of 50 microns is acceptable, but this average should not exceed 75 microns. After blasting, remove dust from the surface. The surface to be coated must also be clean and dry. GALVANISING . Degrease with Solvalux 7-45: if practical, abrade lightly. Ensure that the surface is clean. Treat either with LUXAPRIME 1500. ALUMINIUM . Degrease and abrade with Solvalux 7-45 and wet-or-dry paper. Apply LUXAPRIME 1500. CONCRETE . Ensure that the surface is sound. Remove laitance by through wire-brushing, acid etching or sweep blasting. Blowholes and other defects should be filled with Epilux 829. EPILUX 8 may be applied direct to the clean sound concrete providing the first coat is thinned. This product will withstand wet heat up to 60C. Do not apply this product if rain is likely within one hour of application. May also be applied between 200 & 400 microns DFT. Avoid contact with the skin and eyes. Wear suitable protective clothing such as overalls, goggles, dust masks and gloves. Use a barrier cream. Ensure that there is adequate ventilation in the area where the product is being applied. Do not breathe vapor or spray. This product is flammable. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not smoke. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. In case of fire blanket flames with foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemicals. Refer to MSDS for further information. Eyes: In the event of accidental splashes, flush eyes with water immediately and obtain medical advice Skin: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water or approved industrial cleaner. DO NOT USE solvent or thinners. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air, loosen collar and keep patient rested. Ingestion: In case of accidental ingestion, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Obtain immediate medical attention
The information provided on this data sheet is not intended to be complete and is provided as general advice only. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the product is suitable for the purpose for which he wishes to use it. As we have no control over the treatment of the product, the standard of surface preparation of the substrate, or other factors affecting the use of this product, we are not responsible for its performance nor would we accept any liability whatsoever or howsoever arising from the use of this product unless specifically agreed to in writing by us. The information contained in this data sheet may be modified by us from time to time, and without notice, in the light of our experience and continuous product development.

PRODUCT USE RESTRICTIONS SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

FIRST AID

DISCLAIMER

Rev.1- Nov 2010

Protective Coating

36

PROTECTIVE COATING

EPILUX 58 M.I.O.
High Build Epoxy M.I.O.

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

Polyamide cured epoxy reinforced with micaceous iron oxide that provides a tough chemical resistant build/ finish coat. Lamellar pigment with excellent water and chemical resistance. Resistant to moisture, salt spray, mineral oil. Excellent resistance to abrasion. Very good durability. BS 5493 reference. Meets performance of KUID and KFIF As a build coat for structural steel in onshore and offshore environments. As an intermediate coat where long term recoat ability is required. VOLUME SOLIDS (Based on ASTM D2697) TYPICAL DRY FILM THICKNESS WET FILM THICKNESS THEORETICAL COVERAGE COLOUR FINISH METHOD OF APPLICATION : AIRLESS SPRAY This is the recommended method of application: Maximum 5% Thinner may be added. Tip Size: 0.48 - 0.53 mm (0.019 - 0.021 in) Pressure: 140 - 165 kg/cm2 (2000 2400 psi) This is also a suitable method of application. Maximum 20% Thinner may be added Tip Size: 1.80 - 2.20 mm (0.071 - 0.087 in) Pressure: 2.75 - 3.45 kg/cm2 (40 - 50 psi) May be used for difficult shapes or touch-up. However, additional coats may be required to achieve the recommended film thickness. Re coating Interval Minimum 24 Hrs 16 Hrs 8 Hrs 6 Hrs Maximum Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite 60 % + 2 % 125 microns 208 microns 4.8 m2/litre @ 125 microns dft Dark Grey, Light Grey Metallic Semi-matt

DESIGNED USE PHYSICAL DATA

APPLICATION DETAILS

CONVENTIONAL SPRAY

BRUSH OR ROLLER DRYING TIME: Surface Temperature 15C 25C 35C 45C Touch Dry 12 Hrs 6 Hrs 3 Hrs 2 Hrs

Hard Dry 24 Hrs 16 Hrs 8 Hrs 6 Hrs

Pot Life 8 Hrs 4 Hrs 3 Hrs 2 Hrs

NO. OF COMPONENTS Mixing Ratio Application Conditions

Two 5 parts Base to 1 part Hardener (by volume) Do not apply this product if the Relative Humidity exceeds 85% or if the substrate temperature is within 3C of the dew point Solvalux 7-45 Store in a cool shaded dry area Mixed 36C 5 liters & 20 liters 12 months from the date of manufacture.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Thinner / Cleaning solvent Storage Instruction Flash Point Packaging Shelf Life

Protective Coating

37

EPILUX 58 M.I.O.
High Build Epoxy M.I.O.

SURFACE PREPARATION

This product should be applied to a surface that has been blast cleaned and suitably primed (e.g. EPILUX Primers or ZINCANODE Primers). The primer should be applied to a surface that has been cleaned as follows: Remove all wax, oil and grease by solvent cleaning in accordance with the guide lines given by SSPC-SPI. Where necessary remove weld spatter and round off all rough weld seams and sharp edges to a smooth surface. Abrasive blast clean to a minimum standard of Sa 2 Swedish Standard SIS 05 59 00 or ISO 8501-1 : 1988 Any surface defects revealed by blast cleaning should be ground, filled or treated in a suitable manner. After blasting, remove dust from the surface. The surface to be coated must also be clean and dry.

PRODUCT USE RESTRICTIONS

As with all epoxies, this product is likely to chalk when exposed to direct sunlight. This will result in a loss in gloss. If recoating with conventional coatings, this must be done within 24 hours. Dry heat resistant up to 130C. May also be applied between 75 and 150 microns DFT.

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

Avoid contact with the skin and eyes. Wear suitable protective clothing such as overalls, goggles, dust masks and gloves. Use a barrier cream. Ensure that there is adequate ventilation in the area where the product is being applied. Do not breathe vapor or spray. This product is flammable. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not smoke. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. In case of fire blanket flames with foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemicals. Refer to MSDS for further information. Eyes: In the event of accidental splashes, flush eyes with water immediately and obtain medical advice. Skin: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water or approved industrial cleaner. DO NOT USE solvent or thinners. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air, loosen collar and keep patient rested. Ingestion: In case of accidental ingestion, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Obtain immediate medical attention.
The information provided on this data sheet is not intended to be complete and is provided as general advice only. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the product is suitable for the purpose for which he wishes to use it. As we have no control over the treatment of the product, the standard of surface preparation of the substrate, or other factors affecting the use of this product, we are not responsible for its performance nor would we accept any liability whatsoever or howsoever arising from the use of this product unless specifically agreed to in writing by us. The information contained in this data sheet may be modified by us from time to time, and without notice, in the light of our experience and continuous product development.

FIRST AID

DISCLAIMER

Rev.1- Nov 2010

Protective Coating

38

PROTECTIVE COATING

EPILUX 218
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
A High Build Epoxy polyamide coating with outstanding chemical resistance. The product is formulated using high quality inert pigments. It can be applied direct to concrete or also as a build coat for structural steel work in aggressive environments. Excellent resistance to fresh and salt water. High films build in one coat. Low water permeability. Good solvent and chemical resistance. High build epoxy for the protection of steel and concrete. Suitable for application to pipelines, harbor and shore installation, tanks. VOLUME SOLIDS (Based on ASTM D2697) TYPICAL DRY FILM THICKNESS WET FILM THICKNESS THEORETICAL COVERAGE COLOUR FINISH METHOD OF APPLICATION : AIRLESS SPRAY
This is the recommended method of application: Maximum 5% Thinner may be added. Tip Size: 0.43 - 0.53 mm (0.017 - 0.021 in) Pressure: 110 - 160 kg/cm2 (1600 2300 psi) This is also a suitable method of application. Maximum 20% Thinner may be added. Tip Size: 1.80 - 2.20 mm (0.071 - 0.087 in) Pressure: 2.75 - 3.45 kg/cm2 (40 - 50 psi) May be used for difficult shapes or touch-up; however additional coats may be required to achieve the recommended film thickness. This method of application is recommended for stripe coating welds, edges, rivets etc.

High Epoxy Undercoat/ Finish

DESIGNED USE PHYSICAL DATA

56 % + 2 % 125 microns 223 microns 4.5 m2/litre @ 125 microns dft As per Shade Card Low Sheen

APPLICATION DETAILS

CONVENTIONAL SPRAY

BRUSH OR ROLLER DRYING TIME: Surface Temperature 15C 25C 35C 45C Touch Dry 5 Hrs 3 Hrs 2 Hrs 1 Hrs

Hard Dry 32 Hrs 16 Hrs 12 Hrs 8 Hrs

Over coating Interval Minimum Maximum 32 Hrs 16 Hrs 12 Hrs 8 Hrs 10 Days 7 Days 5 Days 3 Days

Pot Life 12 Hrs 6 Hrs 3 Hrs 1 Hrs

NO. OF COMPONENTS Mixing Ratio Application Conditions

Two 3 parts Base to 1 part Hardener (by volume) Do not apply this product if the Relative Humidity exceeds 85% or if the substrate temperature is within 3C of the dew point
Solvalux 7-45 Store in a cool shaded dry area Mixed 30C 5 liters & 20 liters 12 months from the date of manufacture.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Thinner / Cleaning solvent Storage Instruction Flash Point Packaging Shelf Life

Protective Coating

39

EPILUX 218
SURFACE PREPARATION
This product should be applied to a surface that has been blast cleaned and suitably primed (e.g. with EPILUX Primers or ZINCANODE 600) Remove all wax, oil and grease by solvent cleaning in accordance with the guide lines given by SSPC-SPI. Where necessary remove weld spatter and round off all rough weld seams and sharp edges to a smooth surface. Abrasive blast clean to a minimum standard of Sa 2 Swedish Standard SIS 05 59 00 or ISO 8501-1 : 1988 Any surface defects revealed by blast cleaning should be ground, filled or treated in a suitable manner. An average surface profile of 40 microns is acceptable, but this average should not exceed 75 microns. After blasting, remove dust from the surface. The surface to be coated must also be clean and dry. ALUMINIUM . Degrease and abrade with Solvalux 7-45 and wet-or-dry paper. Apply LUXAPRIME 1500. CONCRETE . Ensure that the surface is sound. Remove laitance by through wire brushing, acid etching or sweep blasting. Blowholes and other defects should be filled with solvent less epoxy filler. EPILUX 218 may be applied directly to the clean sound concrete provided the first coat is thinned up to 20%. As with all epoxy coating, this product will chalk on exposure to direct sunlight. If maximum over coating time is likely to be exceeded, apply a "tie coat". Dry heat resistant up to 120C. May also be applied between 75 and 150 microns DFT.

High Epoxy Undercoat/ Finish

PRODUCT USE RESTRICTIONS

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

Avoid contact with the skin and eyes. Wear suitable protective clothing such as overalls, goggles, dust masks and gloves. Use a barrier cream. Ensure that there is adequate ventilation in the area where the product is being applied. Do not breathe vapor or spray. This product is flammable. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not smoke. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. In case of fire blanket flames with foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemicals. Refer to MSDS for further information. Eyes: In the event of accidental splashes, flush eyes with water immediately and obtain medical advice. Skin: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water or approved industrial cleaner. DO NOT USE solvent or thinners. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air, loosen collar and keep patient rested. Ingestion: In case of accidental ingestion, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Obtain immediate medical attention.
The information provided on this data sheet is not intended to be complete and is provided as general advice only. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the product is suitable for the purpose for which he wishes to use it. As we have no control over the treatment of the product, the standard of surface preparation of the substrate, or other factors affecting the use of this product, we are not responsible for its performance nor would we accept any liability whatsoever or howsoever arising from the use of this product unless specifically agreed to in writing by us. The information contained in this data sheet may be modified by us from time to time, and without notice, in the light of our experience and continuous product development.

FIRST AID

DISCLAIMER

Rev.1- Nov 2010

Protective Coating

40

PROTECTIVE COATING

EPILUX 219
HB Epoxy Undercoat

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

A High Build Epoxy polyamide coating with good resistance properties. The product is formulated using high quality inert pigments. It can be applied as a build coat for structural steel work in aggressive environments. Good resistance to fresh and salt water High film build in one coat Low water permeability. High build epoxy for the protection of steel and concrete. Suitable for application to Structural steel, Pipe exterior, Tank exterior in moderate polluted area. VOLUME SOLIDS (based on ASTM D2697) TYPICAL DRY FILM THICKNESS WET FILM THICKNESS THEORETICAL COVERAGE COLOUR FINISH METHOD OF APPLICATION: AIRLESS SPRAY
This is the recommended method of application: Maximum 5% Thinner may be added. Tip Size: 0.43-0.53 mm (0.017-0.021 in) Pressure: 110-160 kg/cm2 (1600-2300 psi) This is also a suitable method of application. Maximum 20% Thinner may be added Tip Size: 1.80 mm - 2.20 mm (0.071-0.087 in) Pressure: 40-50 psi (2.75-3.45 kg/cm2) May be used for difficult shapes or touch-up; however additional coats may be required to achieve the recommended film thickness. This method of application is recommended for stripe coating welds, edges, rivets etc.

DESIGNED USE PHYSICAL DATA

80% + 2% 125 microns 160 microns 6.4 m2/litre @ 125 microns DFT Off white, Grey & MIO grey Low sheen

APPLICATION DETAILS

CONVENTIONAL SPRAY

BRUSH OR ROLLER DRYING TIME: Surface Temperature 15C 25C 35C 45C Touch Dry 3 Hrs 2 Hrs 1 Hrs 40 minutes

Hard Dry 24 Hrs 14 Hrs 8 Hrs 4 Hrs

Over coating Interval Minimum 24 Hrs 14 Hrs 8 Hrs 4 Hrs Maximum 7 Days 5 Days 3 Days 1 Days

Pot Life 6 Hrs 4 Hrs 1.5 Hrs 30 minutes

NO. OF COMPONENTS Mixing Ratio Application Conditions

Two 7 parts Base to 1 Part Hardener (by volume) Do not apply this product if the Relative Humidity exceeds 85% or if the substrate temperature is within 3C of the dew point Solvalux 7-45 Store in a cool shaded dry area Mixed 30C 20 Liters 12 months from the date of manufacture.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Thinner / Cleaning solvent Storage Instruction Flash Point Packaging Shelf Life

Protective Coating

41

EPILUX 219
HB Epoxy Undercoat

SURFACE PREPARATION

This product should be applied to a surface that has been blast cleaned and suitably primed (e.g. with EPILUX Primers or ZINCANODE Primers). Remove all wax, oil and grease by solvent cleaning in accordance with the guide lines given by SSPC-SPI. Where necessary remove weld spatter and round off all rough weld seams and sharp edges to a smooth surface. Abrasive blast clean to a minimum standard of Sa 2 1/2 Swedish Standard SIS 05 5900 or ISO 8501-1 : 1988 Any surface defects revealed by blast cleaning should be ground, filled or treated in a suitable manner. An average surface profile of 40 microns is acceptable, but this average should not exceed 50 microns. After blasting, remove dust from the surface. The surface to be coated must also be clean. Then apply suitable Berger Range of Primers. ALUMINIUM: Degrease and abrade with Solvalux 7-45 and wet-or-dry paper. Apply LUXAPRIME 1500.

PRODUCT USE INSTRUCTIONS

As with all epoxy coating, this product will chalk on exposure to direct sunlight. If maximum over coating time is likely to be exceeded, apply a "tie coat" This product needs to be necessarily over-coated with suitable 2 pack or single pack Berger Products. Dry heat resistant up to 80C. May also be applied between 100 and 150 microns DFT. Avoid contact with the skin and eyes. Wear suitable protective clothing such as overalls, goggles, dust masks and gloves. Use a barrier cream. Ensure that there is adequate ventilation in the area where the product is being applied. Do not breathe vapor or spray. This product is flammable. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not smoke. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. In case of fire blanket flames with foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemicals. Refer to MSDS for further information. Eyes: In the event of accidental splashes, flush eyes with water immediately and obtain medical advice. Skin: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water or approved industrial cleaner. DO NOT USE solvent or thinners. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air, loosen collar and keep patient rested. . Ingestion: In case of accidental ingestion, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Obtain immediate medical attention.
The information provided on this data sheet is not intended to be complete and is provided as general advice only. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the product is suitable for the purpose for which he wishes to use it. As we have no control over the treatment of the product, the standard of surface preparation of the substrate, or other factors affecting the use of this product, we are not responsible for its performance nor would we accept any liability whatsoever or howsoever arising from the use of this product unless specifically agreed to in writing by us. The information contained in this data sheet may be modified by us from time to time, and without notice, in the light of our experience and continuous product development.

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

FIRST AID

DISCLAIMER

Rev.1- Nov 2010

Protective Coating

42

PROTECTIVE COATING
High Build Epoxy Anti-Corrosive Primer

EPILUX 78

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION DESIGNED USE

A two pack high build high performance epoxy primer containing zinc phosphate pigments. Single coat high build application. High build anti-corrosive primer with good abrasion resistance.
Anti-corrosive blast primer for tank exteriors, structural steelwork, chemical plant pipelines and cranes. Epilux 78 is recommended for internal lining for friction reduction in gas transmitting pipelines as per API 5L2. Epilux 78 may be over coated with Berger's single and two pack coatings.

PHYSICAL DATA

VOLUME SOLIDS (Based on ASTM D2697) TYPICAL DRY FILM THICKNESS WET FILM THICKNESS THEORETICAL COVERAGE COLOUR FINISH

57 % + 2 % 75 microns 130 microns 7.6 m2/litre @ 75 microns dft Red Oxide, Grey Slight Sheen

APPLICATION DETAILS

METHOD OF APPLICATION : AIRLESS SPRAY This is the recommended method of application: Maximum 5% Thinner may be added. Tip Size: 0.38 - 0.48 mm (0.015 - 0.019 in) Pressure: 125 - 160 kg/cm2 (1800 2300 psi) This is also a suitable method of application. Maximum 20% Thinner may be added. Tip Size: 1.80 - 2.20 mm (0.071 - 0.087 in) Pressure: 2.75 - 3.45 kg/cm2 (40 - 50 psi) May be used for difficult shapes or touch-up. However, additional coats may be required to achieve the recommended film thickness. Thinner (max 5%) Re coating Interval Minimum 20 Hrs 18 Hrs 10 Hrs 8 Hrs Two 4 parts Base to 1 part Hardener (by volume) Do not apply this product if the Relative Humidity exceeds 85% or if the substrate temperature is within 3C of the dew point Solvalux 7-45 Store in a cool shaded dry area Mixed 15C 5 liters & 20 liters 12 months from the date of manufacture. Maximum Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite

CONVENTIONAL SPRAY

BRUSH OR ROLLER DRYING TIME: Surface Temperature 15C 25C 35C 45C Mixing Ratio Application Conditions Touch Dry 3 Hrs 2 Hrs 1 Hr 45 mins

Hard Dry 24 Hrs 16 Hrs 12 Hrs 8 Hrs

Pot Life 16 Hrs 6 Hrs 4 Hrs 2 Hrs

NO. OF COMPONENTS

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Thinner / Cleaning solvent Storage Instruction Flash Point Packaging Shelf Life

Protective Coating

43

High Build Epoxy Anti-Corrosive Primer

EPILUX 78

SURFACE PREPARATION

This product should be applied to a surface that has been blast cleaned. It can be applied on top of Epilux 610, Epilux 66 or direct to a blast cleaned surface. Remove all wax, oil and grease by solvent cleaning in accordance with the guidelines given by SSPC-SPI. Where necessary remove weld spatter and round off all rough weld seams and sharp edges to a smooth surface. Abrasive blast clean to a minimum standard of Sa 2 Swedish Standard SIS 05 59 00 or ISO 8501-1 : 1988 Any surface defects revealed by blast cleaning should be ground, filled or treated in a suitable manner. An average surface profile of 50 microns is acceptable, but this average should not exceed 75 microns. After blasting, remove dust from the surface. The surface to be coated must also be clean and dry. If applied over zinc ensure that the surface is fully cured and free from zinc salts prior to painting Epilux 78 will not cure below 10C Dry heat resistant up to 120C May also be applied between 50 and 75 microns DFT. As common with all Epoxy products, this product also will tend to discolour and chalk on exposure to direct sunlight.

PRODUCT USE RESTRICTIONS

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

Avoid contact with the skin and eyes. Wear suitable protective clothing such as overalls, goggles, dust masks and gloves. Use a barrier cream. Ensure that there is adequate ventilation in the area where the product is being applied. Do not breathe vapor or spray. This product is flammable. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not smoke. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. In case of fire blanket flames with foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemicals. Refer to MSDS for further information. Eyes: In the event of accidental splashes, flush eyes with water immediately and obtain medical advice. Skin: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water or approved industrial cleaner. DO NOT USE solvent or thinners. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air, loosen collar and keep patient rested. Ingestion: In case of accidental ingestion, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Obtain immediate medical attention.
The information provided on this data sheet is not intended to be complete and is provided as general advice only. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the product is suitable for the purpose for which he wishes to use it. As we have no control over the treatment of the product, the standard of surface preparation of the substrate, or other factors affecting the use of this product, we are not responsible for its performance nor would we accept any liability whatsoever or howsoever arising from the use of this product unless specifically agreed to in writing by us. The information contained in this data sheet may be modified by us from time to time, and without notice, in the light of our experience and continuous product development.

FIRST AID

DISCLAIMER

Rev.1- Nov 2010

Protective Coating

44

PROTECTIVE COATING

EPILUX 160 (RO) PRIMER


Flexible Epoxy Primer

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION DESIGNED USE PHYSICAL DATA

A self priming flexible high build epoxy primer containing zinc phosphate and cured with polyamide that provides tough barrier coating on galvanized steel and other non-ferrous substrates. Can be top coated with 2 pack Epoxy as well as Polyurethane paints. As a maintenance coating for non ferrous substrates. For process equipments and pipes in a medium aggressive environment. VOLUME SOLIDS (Based on ASTM D2697) TYPICAL DRY FILM THICKNESS WET FILM THICKNESS THEORETICAL COVERAGE COLOUR FINISH 57 % + 2 % 60 microns 105 microns 9.5 m2/litre @ 60 microns DFT Red Oxide/ Light Grey Matt

APPLICATION DETAILS

METHOD OF APPLICATION : AIRLESS SPRAY This is the recommended method of application: Maximum 5% Thinner may be added. Tip Size: 0.43 - 0.58 mm (0.017 - 0.023 in) Pressure: 110 - 160 kg/cm2 (1600 2300 psi) This is also a suitable method of application. Maximum 20% Thinner may be added. Tip Size: 1.80 - 2.20 mm (0.071 - 0.087 in) Pressure: 2.75 - 3.45 kg/cm2 (40 - 50 psi) May be used for difficult shapes or touch-up. However, additional coats may be required to achieve the recommended film thickness. Re coating Interval Minimum 24 Hrs 16 Hrs 12 Hrs 8 Hrs Maximum Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite

CONVENTIONAL SPRAY

BRUSH OR ROLLER DRYING TIME: Surface Temperature 15C 25C 35C 45C Mixing Ratio Application Conditions Touch Dry 12 Hrs 3 Hrs 2 Hrs 1 Hrs

Hard Dry 24 Hrs 16 Hrs 12 Hrs 8 Hrs Two

Pot Life 8 Hrs 6 Hrs 4 Hrs 3 Hrs

NO. OF COMPONENTS

3 parts Base to 1 part Hardener (by volume) Do not apply this product if the Relative Humidity exceeds 85% or if the substrate temperature is within 3C of the dew point Solvalux 7-45 Store in a cool shaded dry area Mixed 36C 20 liters 12 months from the date of manufacture.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Thinner / Cleaning solvent Storage Instruction Flash Point Packaging Shelf Life

Protective Coating

45

EPILUX 160 (RO) PRIMER


Flexible Epoxy Primer

SURFACE PREPARATION

The life span and performance of coating is directly related to degree of surface preparation. Remove all oil, grease and wax by solvent cleaning in accordance with guidelines given by SSPC-SP 1. Where necessary remove weld spatter and round off all rough weld seams and sharp edges to a smooth surface. Mechanically clean the surface using hand or power tools to a minimum std. Of St-2 Swedish Standard SIS 05 59 00 or ISO 8501-1 : 1988 taking care to avoid polishing the surface. After blasting, remove dust from the surface. The surface to be coated must also be clean and dry. For Galvanized metal, degrease with Berger Tool cleaner where practical to remove surface contaminants, otherwise sweep sand blasting to remove adherent contaminants and then clean with air followed by one coat of Epilux 160.

PRODUCT USE RESTRICTIONS

This product is not suitable for immersion conditions. Dry heat resistance up to 120C. May also be applied between 80 and 120 microns DFT. As common with all Epoxy products, this product also will tend to discolour and chalk on exposure to direct sunlight.

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

Avoid contact with the skin and eyes. Wear suitable protective clothing such as overalls, goggles, dust masks and gloves. Use a barrier cream. Ensure that there is adequate ventilation in the area where the product is being applied. Do not breathe vapor or spray. This product is flammable. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not smoke. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. In case of fire blanket flames with foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemicals. Refer to MSDS for further information. Eyes: In the event of accidental splashes, flush eyes with water immediately and obtain medical advice. Skin: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water or approved industrial cleaner. DO NOT USE solvent or thinners. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air, loosen collar and keep patient rested. Ingestion: In case of accidental ingestion, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Obtain immediate medical attention.
The information provided on this data sheet is not intended to be complete and is provided as general advice only. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the product is suitable for the purpose for which he wishes to use it. As we have no control over the treatment of the product, the standard of surface preparation of the substrate, or other factors affecting the use of this product, we are not responsible for its performance nor would we accept any liability whatsoever or howsoever arising from the use of this product unless specifically agreed to in writing by us. The information contained in this data sheet may be modified by us from time to time, and without notice, in the light of our experience and continuous product development.

FIRST AID

DISCLAIMER

Rev.1- Nov 2010

Protective Coating

46

PROTECTIVE COATING

EPILUX 610
Epoxy Anti-Corrosive Primer

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

An easy-to-apply epoxy polyamide anti-corrosive primer that can be used on interior or exterior steel. It is a strong, versatile rust-preventing coating. Excellent chemical resistance. Good abrasion resistance. Suitable for over coating with epoxies, polyurethanes, vinyls and chlor-rubbers. Blast or holding primer for use in tanks and on all steel in marine and other corrosive environments. Tie coat over zinc silicates. VOLUME SOLIDS (Based on ASTM D2697) TYPICAL DRY FILM THICKNESS WET FILM THICKNESS THEORETICAL COVERAGE COLOUR FINISH 42 % + 2 % 40 microns 95 microns 10.5 m2/litre @ 40 microns DFT Red Oxide Matt

DESIGNED USE

PHYSICAL DATA

APPLICATION DETAILS

METHOD OF APPLICATION: AIRLESS SPRAY This is the recommended method of application: Maximum 5% Thinner may be added. Tip Size: 0.38 - 0.48 mm (0.015 - 0.019 in) Pressure: 110 - 160 kg/cm2 (1600 2300 psi) This is also a suitable method of application. Maximum 20% Thinner may be added Tip Size: 1.80 - 2.20 mm (0.071 - 0.087 in) Pressure: 2.75 - 3.45 kg/cm2 (40 - 50 psi) May be used for difficult shapes or touch-up. However, additional coats may be required to achieve the recommended film thickness. Hard Dry 12 Hrs 8 Hrs 6 Hrs 4 Hrs Re coating Interval Minimum 16 Hrs 12 Hrs 8 Hrs 6 Hrs Maximum 90 Days 45 Days 25 Days 20 Days Pot Life 10 Hrs 6 Hrs 4 Hrs 2 Hrs

CONVENTIONAL SPRAY

BRUSH OR ROLLER DRYING TIME: Surface Temperature 15C 25C 35C 45C Touch Dry 3 Hrs 2 Hrs 1 Hr 40 mins

NO. OF COMPONENTS Mixing Ratio Application Conditions

Two 3 parts Base to 1 part Hardener (by volume) Do not apply this product if the Relative Humidity exceeds 85% or if the substrate temperature is within 3C of the dew point Solvalux 7-45 Store in a cool shaded dry area Mixed 20C 5 liters & 20 liters 12 months from the date of manufacture.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Thinner / Cleaning solvent Storage Instruction Flash Point Packaging Shelf Life

Protective Coating

47

EPILUX 610
Epoxy Anti-Corrosive Primer

SURFACE PREPARATION

Remove all wax, oil and grease by solvent cleaning in accordance with the guide lines given by SSPC-SPI. Where necessary remove weld spatter and round off all rough weld seams and sharp edges to a smooth surface. Abrasive blast clean to a minimum standard of Sa 2 Swedish Standard SIS 05 59 00 or ISO 8501-1 : 1988 Any surface defects revealed by blast cleaning should be ground, filled or treated in a suitable manner. An average surface profile of 40 microns is acceptable, but this average should not exceed 50 microns. After blasting, remove dust from the surface. The surface to be coated must also be clean and dry.

PRODUCT USE RESTRICTIONS

The product will not cure below 5C. Dry heat resistant up to 120C May also be applied between 25 and 50 microns DFT. As common with all Epoxy products, this product also will tend to discolour and chalk on exposure to direct sunlight.

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

Avoid contact with the skin and eyes. Wear suitable protective clothing such as overalls, goggles, dust masks and gloves. Use a barrier cream. Ensure that there is adequate ventilation in the area where the product is being applied. Do not breathe vapor or spray. This product is flammable. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not smoke. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. In case of fire blanket flames with foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemicals. Refer to MSDS for further information. Eyes: In the event of accidental splashes, flush eyes with water immediately and obtain medical advice. Skin: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water or approved industrial cleaner. DO NOT USE solvent or thinners. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air, loosen collar and keep patient rested. Ingestion: In case of accidental ingestion, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Obtain immediate medical attention.
The information provided on this data sheet is not intended to be complete and is provided as general advice only. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the product is suitable for the purpose for which he wishes to use it. As we have no control over the treatment of the product, the standard of surface preparation of the substrate, or other factors affecting the use of this product, we are not responsible for its performance nor would we accept any liability whatsoever or howsoever arising from the use of this product unless specifically agreed to in writing by us. The information contained in this data sheet may be modified by us from time to time, and without notice, in the light of our experience and continuous product development.

FIRST AID

DISCLAIMER

Rev.1- Nov 2010

Protective Coating

48

PROTECTIVE COATING

EPILUX 155-SF
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
A high build solvent less, non-toxic, modified amine cured epoxy coating of excellent chemical resistance. This product is formulated using the quality inert pigments ideal for lining of metal and concrete tanks for potable water and fat-free food stuffs. Excellent resistance to fresh and salt water. Excellent solvent and chemical resistance. High films build in one coat. Low water permeability and non-toxic. High build epoxy for the protection of steel and concrete. Suitable for application to pipelines, harbor and shore installation, internal tank lining, chemical plants. VOLUME SOLIDS (Based on ASTM D2697) TYPICAL DRY FILM THICKNESS WET FILM THICKNESS THEORETICAL COVERAGE COLOUR FINISH METHOD OF APPLICATION : AIRLESS SPRAY 95 % + 2 % 200 microns 210 microns 4.75 m2/litre @ 200 microns dft Off White Glossy This is the recommended method of application: Maximum 5% Thinner may be added. Tip Size: 0.58 - 0.78 mm (0.023 - 0.031 in) Pressure: 280 - 320 kg/cm2 (4000 4500 psi)

High Build Solventless Epoxy

DESIGNED USE PHYSICAL DATA

APPLICATION DETAILS

Observe the following precautions: 1. Remove filters from the gun and pump before application. 2. Mix base and hardener, only when applicator is ready to spray. 3. No induction time is required. Spraying should commence as soon as base and hardener are properly mixed. 4. Do not mix more than 10 litres of Epilux 155 SF in the same container. The very fast chemical reaction will shorten the pot-life. May be used for difficult shapes or touch-up. BRUSH OR ROLLER However, additional coats may be required to achieve the recommended film thickness.

DRYING TIME:
Surface Temperature 15C 25C 35C 45C

Touch Dry 10 Hrs 8 Hrs 6 Hrs 4 Hrs

Hard Dry 24 Hrs 16 Hrs 12 Hrs 8 Hrs

Re coating Interval Minimum Maximum 24 Hrs 48 Hrs 16 Hrs 24 Hrs 12 Hrs 16 Hrs 8 Hrs 12 Hrs

Pot Life 1 Hrs 1 Hrs < 20 mins N/A

Above mentioned pot-life was measured under controlled condition. However for a 5 liter/ 10 liter mix, the heat developed by exothermic reaction between base & hardener is intense and it will shorten the practical pot-life substantially.

NO. OF COMPONENTS Mixing Ratio Application Conditions

Two 2.7 parts Base to 1 part Hardener (by volume) Do not apply this product if the Relative Humidity exceeds 85% or if the substrate temperature is within 3C of the dew point

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Thinner / Cleaning solvent Storage Instruction Flash Point Packaging Shelf Life

Solvalux 7- 45 Store in a cool shaded dry area Mixed 27C 5 liters & 20 liters 12 months from the date of manufacture.

Protective Coating

49

EPILUX 155-SF
SURFACE PREPARATION
This product should be applied to a surface that has been blast cleaned and suitably primed (e.g. with EPILUX Primers or Zincanode Primers). Remove all wax, oil and grease by solvent cleaning in accordance with the guidelines given by SSPC-SPI. Where necessary remove weld spatter and round off all rough weld seams and sharp edges to a smooth surface. Abrasive blast clean to a minimum standard of Sa 2 Swedish Standard SIS 05 59 00 or ISO 8501-1 : 1988. Any surface defects revealed by blast cleaning should be ground, filled or treated in a suitable manner. An average surface profile of 50 microns is acceptable, but this average should not exceed 75 microns. After blasting, remove dust from the surface. The surface to be coated must also be clean and dry. CONCRETE Ensure that the surface is sound. Remove laitance by through wire brushing, acid etching or sweep blasting. Blowholes and other defects should be filled with solvent less epoxy filler. EPILUX 155 SF may be applied directly to the clean sound concrete provided the first coat is thinned by up to 15%. Not recommended for immersion service in acid or alkaline conditions. Dry heat resistance up to 150 C. Do not apply beyond 250 microns in single coat. May also be applied between 150 and 200 microns DFT. As common with all Epoxy products, this product also will tend to discolour and chalk on exposure to direct sunlight.

High Build Solventless Epoxy

PRODUCT USE RESTRICTIONS

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

Avoid contact with the skin and eyes. Wear suitable protective clothing such as overalls, goggles, dust masks and gloves. Use a barrier cream. Ensure that there is adequate ventilation in the area where the product is being applied. Do not breathe vapor or spray. This product is flammable. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not smoke. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. In case of fire blanket flames with foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemicals. Refer to MSDS for further information. Eyes: In the event of accidental splashes, flush eyes with water immediately and obtain medical advice. Skin: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water or approved industrial cleaner. DO NOT USE solvent or thinners. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air, loosen collar and keep patient rested. Ingestion: In case of accidental ingestion, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Obtain immediate medical attention.
The information provided on this data sheet is not intended to be complete and is provided as general advice only. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the product is suitable for the purpose for which he wishes to use it. As we have no control over the treatment of the product, the standard of surface preparation of the substrate, or other factors affecting the use of this product, we are not responsible for its performance nor would we accept any liability whatsoever or howsoever arising from the use of this product unless specifically agreed to in writing by us. The information contained in this data sheet may be modified by us from time to time, and without notice, in the light of our experience and continuous product development.

FIRST AID

DISCLAIMER

Rev.1- Nov 2010

Protective Coating

50

PROTECTIVE COATING

EPILUX 814 HS
Epoxy Phenolic

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION DESIGNED USE PHYSICAL DATA

A high solids two pack epoxy phenolic tank lining. Excellent chemical resistance to a wide range of chemicals. Complies with the requirements of Lloyds Register of Shipping rules. As an internal tank lining for chemical storage tanks. VOLUME SOLIDS (Based on ASTM D2697) TYPICAL DRY FILM THICKNESS WET FILM THICKNESS THEORETICAL COVERAGE COLOUR FINISH

82 % + 2 % 125 microns 152 microns 6.56 m2/litre @ 125 microns dft Buff & Grey Semi-Gloss

APPLICATION DETAILS

METHOD OF APPLICATION : AIRLESS SPRAY This is the recommended method of application: Maximum 5% Thinner may be added. Tip Size: 0.48 - 0.68 mm (0.019 - 0.027 in) Pressure: 110 - 160 kg/cm2 (1600 2300 psi) May be used for difficult shapes or touch-up. However, additional coats may be required to achieve the recommended film thickness. Re coating Interval Minimum 24 Hrs 16 Hrs 8 Hrs 6 Hrs Two 2.7 parts Base to 1 part Hardener (by volume) Do not apply this product if the Relative Humidity exceeds 85% or if the substrate temperature is within 3C of the dew point Solvalux 7-45 Store in a cool shaded dry area Mixed 20C 5 litres & 20 litres 12 months from the date of manufacture. Maximum 10 Days 7 Days 5 Days 3 Days

BRUSH OR ROLLER DRYING TIME: Surface Temperature 15C 25C 35C 45C Mixing Ratio Application Conditions Touch Dry 16 Hrs 8 Hrs 4 Hrs 2 Hrs

Hard Dry 32 Hrs 16 Hrs 8 Hrs 6 Hrs

Pot Life 2 Hrs 1 Hr Hr Very Fast

NO. OF COMPONENTS

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Thinner / Cleaning solvent Storage Instruction Flash Point Packaging Shelf Life

Protective Coating

51

EPILUX 814 HS
Epoxy Phenolic

SURFACE PREPARATION

This product should be applied to a surface that has been blast cleaned and suitably primed (e.g. With Epilux 610, Epilux 66 or Epilux 78). Remove all wax, oil and grease by solvent cleaning in accordance with the guide lines given by SSPC-SPI. Where necessary remove weld spatter and round off all rough weld seams and sharp edges to a smooth surface. Abrasive blast clean to a minimum standard of Sa 2 Swedish Standard SIS 05 59 00 or ISO 8501-1 : 1988 Any surface defects revealed by blast cleaning should be ground, filled or treated in a suitable manner. An average surface profile of 50 microns is acceptable, but this average should not exceed 75 microns. After blasting, remove dust from the surface. The surface to be coated must also be clean and dry.

PRODUCT USE RESTRICTIONS

Do not vary the recommended film thickness without prior consultation. This product will not cure below 10C. A moisture and oil trap in the main air line is essential for the successful application of this product. May also be applied between 125 and 150 microns DFT.

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

Avoid contact with the skin and eyes. Wear suitable protective clothing such as overalls, goggles, dust masks and gloves. Use a barrier cream. Ensure that there is adequate ventilation in the area where the product is being applied. Do not breathe vapor or spray. This product is flammable. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not smoke. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. In case of fire blanket flames with foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemicals. Refer to MSDS for further information. Eyes: In the event of accidental splashes, flush eyes with water immediately and obtain medical advice. Skin: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water or approved industrial cleaner. DO NOT USE solvent or thinners. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air, loosen collar and keep patient rested. Ingestion: In case of accidental ingestion, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Obtain immediate medical attention.
The information provided on this data sheet is not intended to be complete and is provided as general advice only. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the product is suitable for the purpose for which he wishes to use it. As we have no control over the treatment of the product, the standard of surface preparation of the substrate, or other factors affecting the use of this product, we are not responsible for its performance nor would we accept any liability whatsoever or howsoever arising from the use of this product unless specifically agreed to in writing by us. The information contained in this data sheet may be modified by us from time to time, and without notice, in the light of our experience and continuous product development.

FIRST AID

DISCLAIMER

Rev.1- Nov 2010

Protective Coating

52

PROTECTIVE COATING

EPIMASTIC 5100
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
A high solids high build self-priming epoxy coating which can be applied to old or new steel following the removal of loose rust and scale, Can be applied over most existing coatings systems including aged alkyd systems. Can be easily recoated if required. As a single coat maintenance system. As a chemically resistant finish for process equipment, pipe work etc. As a general maintenance coating for offshore installations. VOLUME SOLIDS (Based on ASTM D2697) TYPICAL DRY FILM THICKNESS WET FILM THICKNESS THEORETICAL COVERAGE COLOUR FINISH 82 % + 2 % 125 microns 152 microns 6.56 m2/litre @ 125 microns dft As per Shade Card Semi-Gloss

Surface Tolerant Epoxy Aluminum

DESIGNED USE

PHYSICAL DATA

APPLICATION DETAILS

METHOD OF APPLICATION : AIRLESS SPRAY This is the recommended method of application: Maximum 5% Thinner may be added. Tip Size: 0.48 - 0.58 mm (0.019 - 0.023 in) Pressure: 110 - 160 kg/cm2 (1600 2300 psi) This is also a suitable method of application. Maximum 20% Thinner may be added Tip Size: 1.80 - 2.20 mm (0.071 - 0.087 in) Pressure: 2.75 - 3.45 kg/cm2 (40 - 50 psi) May be used for difficult shapes or touch-up. However, additional coats may be required to achieve the recommended film thickness. Re coating Interval Minimum 24 Hrs 16 Hrs 12 Hrs 8 Hrs Maximum Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite

CONVENTIONAL SPRAY

BRUSH OR ROLLER DRYING TIME: Surface Temperature 15C 25C 35C 45C Mixing Ratio Application Conditions Touch Dry 12 Hrs 6 Hrs 3 Hrs 2 Hrs

Hard Dry 24 Hrs 16 Hrs 12 Hrs 8 Hrs Two

Pot Life 8 Hrs 6 Hrs 4 Hrs 1 Hrs

NO. OF COMPONENTS

1 parts Base to 1 part Hardener (by volume) Do not apply this product if the Relative Humidity exceeds 85% or if the substrate temperature is within 3C of the dew point Solvalux 7-45 Store in a cool shaded dry area Mixed 36C 5 litres & 20 litres 12 months from the date of manufacture.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Thinner / Cleaning solvent Storage Instruction Flash Point Packaging Shelf Life

Protective Coating

53

EPIMASTIC 5100
SURFACE PREPARATION
The life-span and performance of this coating is directly related to the degree of surface preparation Remove all wax, oil and grease by solvent cleaning in accordance with the guide lines given by SSPC-SPI. Soluble salts, dirt and dust must be removed prior to coating. Dry brushing should be sufficient. A freshwater wash must follow to remove all soluble salts. Remove scale by chipping, needle gun or spot blasting. Any loose or flaking coatings should be taken back to a firm edge. Mechanically clean the surface using hand or power tools to a minimum standard of St 2 Swedish Standard SIS 05 59 00 or ISO 8501-1 : 1988 taking care to avoid polishing the surface. Where necessary remove weld spatter and round off all rough weld seams and sharp edges to a smooth surface.

Surface Tolerant Epoxy Aluminum

PRODUCT USE RESTRICTIONS

This product is designed as a primer-finish. If it is to be used as a surface tolerant primer with subsequent top coating, use only surface tolerance epoxy primer. This product is not suitable for use in immersed conditions. Dry heat resistance up to 120C. May also be applied between 75 and 150 microns DFT. As common with all Epoxy products, this product also will tend to discolour and chalk on exposure to direct sunlight.

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

Avoid contact with the skin and eyes. Wear suitable protective clothing such as overalls, goggles, dust masks and gloves. Use a barrier cream. Ensure that there is adequate ventilation in the area where the product is being applied. Do not breathe vapor or spray. This product is flammable. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not smoke. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. In case of fire blanket flames with foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemicals. Refer to MSDS for further information. Eyes: In the event of accidental splashes, flush eyes with water immediately and obtain medical advice. Skin: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water or approved industrial cleaner. DO NOT USE solvent or thinners. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air, loosen collar and keep patient rested. Ingestion: In case of accidental ingestion, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Obtain immediate medical attention.
The information provided on this data sheet is not intended to be complete and is provided as general advice only. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the product is suitable for the purpose for which he wishes to use it. As we have no control over the treatment of the product, the standard of surface preparation of the substrate, or other factors affecting the use of this product, we are not responsible for its performance nor would we accept any liability whatsoever or howsoever arising from the use of this product unless specifically agreed to in writing by us. The information contained in this data sheet may be modified by us from time to time, and without notice, in the light of our experience and continuous product development.

FIRST AID

DISCLAIMER

Rev.1- Nov 2010

Protective Coating

54

PROTECTIVE COATING

EPIMASTIC 6000
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
A high solids high build self-priming epoxy coating which can be applied to old or new steel following the removal of loose rust and scale, Can be applied over most existing coatings systems including aged alkyd systems. Can be easily recoated if required. As a single coat maintenance system. As a chemically resistant nish for process equipment, pipe work etc. As a general maintenance coating for offshore installations. VOLUME SOLIDS (Based on ASTM D2697) TYPICAL DRY FILM THICKNESS WET FILM THICKNESS THEORETICAL COVERAGE COLOUR FINISH 82 % + 2 % 150 microns 185 microns 5.47 m2/litre @ 150 microns DFT As per Shade Card Semi-Gloss

Surface Tolerant Epoxy Primer/Finish

DESIGNED USE

PHYSICAL DATA

APPLICATION DETAILS

METHOD OF APPLICATION : AIRLESS SPRAY This is the recommended method of application: Maximum 5% Thinner may be added. Tip Size: 0.48 - 0.58 mm (0.019 - 0.023 in) Pressure: 110 - 160 kg/cm2 (1600 2300 psi) This is also a suitable method of application. Maximum 20% Thinner may be added Tip Size: 1.80 - 2.20 mm (0.071 - 0.087 in) Pressure: 2.75 - 3.45 kg/cm2 (40 - 50 psi) May be used for difcult shapes or touch -up. However, additional coats may be required to achieve the recommended lm thickness. Re coating Interval Minimum 24 Hrs 16 Hrs 12 Hrs 8 Hrs Maximum Indenite Indenite Indenite Indenite

CONVENTIONAL SPRAY

BRUSH OR ROLLER DRYING TIME: Surface Temperature 15C 25C 35C 45C Mixing Ratio Application Conditions Touch Dry 12 Hrs 6 Hrs 3 Hrs 2 Hrs

Hard Dry 24 Hrs 16 Hrs 12 Hrs 8 Hrs Two

Pot Life 8 Hrs 6 Hrs 4 Hrs 1 Hrs

NO. OF COMPONENTS

1 parts Base to 1 part Hardener (by volume) Do not apply this product if the Relative Humidity exceeds 85% or if the substrate temperature is within 3C of the dew point Solvalux 7-45 Store in a cool shaded dry area Mixed 36C 5 litres & 20 litres 12 months from the date of manufacture.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Thinner / Cleaning solvent Storage Instruction Flash Point Packaging Shelf Life

Protective Coating

55

EPIMASTIC 6000
SURFACE PREPARATION
The life-span and performance of this coating is directly related to the degree of surface preparation Remove all wax, oil and grease by solvent cleaning in accordance with the guide lines given by SSPC-SPI. Soluble salts, dirt and dust must be removed prior to coating. Dry brushing should be sufficient. A freshwater wash must follow to remove all soluble salts. Remove scale by chipping, needle gun or spot blasting. Any loose or flaking coatings should be taken back to a firm edge. Mechanically clean the surface using hand or power tools to a minimum standard of St 2 Swedish Standard SIS 05 59 00 or ISO 8501-1 : 1988 taking care to avoid polishing the surface. Where necessary remove weld spatter and round off all rough weld seams and sharp edges to a smooth surface.

Surface Tolerant Epoxy Primer/Finish

PRODUCT USE RESTRICTIONS

This product is designed as a primer-finish. If it is to be used as a surface tolerant primer with subsequent top coating, use only surface tolerance epoxy primer. Dry heat resistance up to 120C May also be applied between 100 and 200 microns DFT. As common with all Epoxy products, this product also will tend to discolour and chalk on exposure to direct sunlight. Avoid contact with the skin and eyes. Wear suitable protective clothing such as overalls, goggles, dust masks and gloves. Use a barrier cream. Ensure that there is adequate ventilation in the area where the product is being applied. Do not breathe vapor or spray. This product is flammable. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not smoke. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. In case of fire blanket flames with foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemicals. Refer to MSDS for further information. Eyes: In the event of accidental splashes, flush eyes with water immediately and obtain medical advice. Skin: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water or approved industrial cleaner. DO NOT USE solvent or thinners. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air, loosen collar and keep patient rested. Ingestion: In case of accidental ingestion, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Obtain immediate medical attention.
The information provided on this data sheet is not intended to be complete and is provided as general advice only. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the product is suitable for the purpose for which he wishes to use it. As we have no control over the treatment of the product, the standard of surface preparation of the substrate, or other factors affecting the use of this product, we are not responsible for its performance nor would we accept any liability whatsoever or howsoever arising from the use of this product unless specifically agreed to in writing by us. The information contained in this data sheet may be modified by us from time to time, and without notice, in the light of our experience and continuous product development.

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

FIRST AID

DISCLAIMER

Rev.1- Nov 2010

Protective Coating

56

PROTECTIVE COATING

LUXATHANE 5000
Polyurethane High Gloss Finish

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

A two component Acrylic Polyurethane giving a high performance finishes in new construction and maintenance industries. Excellent gloss and colour retention. Long term recoatable properties. Resistant to large number of chemicals and water. Can be applied to a wide range of substrates. As a finishing coat for structural steel in aggressive corrosive environments. As a topcoat for the exterior of chemical storage tanks, pipelines. As a durable topcoat for topsides modules in the offshore industry. VOLUME SOLIDS (Based on ASTM D2697) TYPICAL DRY FILM THICKNESS WET FILM THICKNESS THEORETICAL COVERAGE COLOUR FINISH METHOD OF APPLICATION: AIRLESS SPRAY 52 % + 2 % 50 microns 96 microns 10.4 m2/litre @ 50 microns dft As per shade card Glossy This is the recommended method of application: Maximum 5% Thinner may be added. Tip Size: 0.28 - 0.38 mm (0.011 - 0.015 in) Pressure: 110 - 160 kg/cm2 (1600 - 2300 psi) This is also a suitable method of application. Maximum 20% Thinner may be added Tip Size: 1.80 - 2.20 mm (0.071 - 0.087 in) Pressure: 2.75 - 3.45 kg/cm2 (40-50 psi) May be used for difficult shapes or touch-up. However, additional coats may be required to achieve the recommended film thickness.

DESIGNED USE PHYSICAL DATA

APPLICATION DETAILS

CONVENTIONAL SPRAY

BRUSH OR ROLLER

NOTE: Luxathane 5000 is supplied in two separate containers. Contents must be thoroughly intermixed before use. Once mixed allow to stand for 5 10 minutes, this allows any aeration to settle. Unopened tins should be stored in a warm dry atmosphere away from moisture. DRYING TIME: Surface Temperature 15C 25C 35C 45C Touch Dry 60 mins 45 mins 30 mins 20 mins Hard Dry 24 Hrs 20 Hrs 16 Hrs 10 Hrs Re coating Interval Minimum Maximum 24 Hrs 16 Hrs 10 Hrs 8 Hrs Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite Pot Life 8 Hrs 6 Hrs 4 Hrs 2 Hrs

NO. OF COMPONENTS Mixing Ratio Application Conditions

Two 7 parts Base to 1 Part Hardener (by volume) Do not apply this product if the Relative Humidity exceeds 85% or if the substrate temperature is within 3C of the dew point Solvalux 7-73 Store in a cool shaded dry area Mixed 29C 5 liters & 20 liters

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Thinner / Cleaning solvent Storage Instruction Flash Point Packaging Shelf Life

12 months from the date of manufacture.

Protective Coating

57

LUXATHANE 5000
Polyurethane High Gloss Finish

SURFACE PREPARATION

STEEL: For maximum performance, this product should be applied to a surface that has been blast cleaned and suitably primed with Epilux Primers. A build coat should be applied e.g., Epilux 155, Epilux 218, Epilux 58. This coating usually applied over a suitable primer undercoat or build coat. The underlying system should be sound and undamaged. All surfaces to be over coated must be dry and free from surface contaminants. All wax, oil and grease should be removed by solvent cleaning in accordance with guidelines given in SSPC SPI. Soluble salts, dirt and dust must be removed prior to applying the coating. Dry brushing should be sufficient. A fresh water wash must followed to remove all soluble salts. Always ensure maximum over coating time for the primer/ build coat has not been exceeded prior to application. ALUMINIUM, COPPER, ZINC SPRAYED STEEL, GALVAINISED METAL: Degrease with Berger Tool Cleaner and where practical abrade lightly to form key. Pre treat with one coat of Luxaprime 1500 followed by one coat of Epilux 610. Then apply Luxathane 5000 as specified. NEW WOOD, PLYWOOD, CHIPBOARD, HARDBOARD, SHUTTERING ETC.: Sand paper smooth and dust down. Fill holes, cracks etc. with Solvent less epoxy filler. Then apply 2 3 coats of Luxathane 5000 as specified. CONCRETE, PLASTER, BRICK, SIPOREX BLOCKS ETC.: Dust down, remove all splashes of plaster, concrete, cement etc. Fill holes, cracks etc. with Solventless epoxy filler. Apply 1 or 2 coats of Epilux Concrete Primer as priming coat. Then apply Luxathane 5000 as specified. This product is not suitable for use in immersed conditions. Do not apply this product if the pot life has been exceeded even if the paint still appears to liquid. Dry heat resistance up to 120o C. May also be applied between 25 and 50 microns dft.
Avoid contact with the skin and eyes. Wear suitable protective clothing such as overalls, goggles, dust masks and gloves. Use a barrier cream. Ensure that there is adequate ventilation in the area where the product is being applied. Do not breathe vapor or spray. This product is flammable. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not smoke. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. In case of fire blanket flames with foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemicals. Refer to MSDS for further information. Eyes: In the event of accidental splashes, flush eyes with water immediately and obtain medical advice. Skin: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water or approved industrial cleaner. DO NOT USE solvent or thinners. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air, loosen collar and keep patient rested. Ingestion: In case of accidental ingestion, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Obtain immediate medical attention.

PRODUCT USE RESTRICTIONS SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

FIRST AID

DISCLAIMER

The information provided on this data sheet is not intended to be complete and is provided as general advice only. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the product is suitable for the purpose for which he wishes to use it. As we have no control over the treatment of the product, the standard of surface preparation of the substrate, or other factors affecting the use of this product, we are not responsible for its performance nor would we accept any liability whatsoever or howsoever arising from the use of this product unless specifically agreed to in writing by us. The information contained in this data sheet may be modified by us from time to time, and without notice, in the light of our experience and continuous product development.

Rev.1- Nov 2010

Protective Coating

58

PROTECTIVE COATING

LUXATHANE 5075
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION DESIGN FEATURES
A two-component, high build, aliphatic isocyanate cured acrylic polyurethane high gloss finish. A high performance finishing coat for structural steel in aggressive and corrosive environments such as onshore and offshore steel superstructures, pipelines, bridges etc. Easy maintenance coating with long term recoatability properties. Excellent colour and gloss retention and overall durability properties. Excellent flow and levelling properties. Resistant to spillage or splashes of mild chemicals. Able to achieve a film build of 75m in a single coat application. Recommended Application Data Theoretical Coverage Volume solids Dry Film Thickness Range Flash Point Finish Colour Range Standard Packing Size Mix Ratio (by volume) 60% Wet [m] 85 Dry [m] 50 m2/l 12

High Build Polyurethane Finish

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

(based on ASTM D2697)

50 m to 75 m 29 C Full Gloss Standard Range 5 litres set ( 4.32 litres Base : 0.68 litres Hardener) & 20 litres 6.4 Base : 1 Hardener Tip Size Pressure May be used. May be used. However, additional coats may be required to achieve the recommended film thickness. Suitable for stripe coating, weld-seams, edges, corners, rivets, etc. : : 0.43 0.53 mm 110 160 kg/cm2 ( 17 -21 thou ) (1600 2300 psi)

APPLICATION METHOD

AIRLESS SPRAY Recommended method of application CONVENTIONAL AIR SPRAY BRUSH OR ROLLER

DRYING & CURING TIME

Substrate Temperature 15 C 25 C 35 C

Touch Dry 3 hours 2 hours 1 hour : :


:

Hard Dry 10 hours 6 hours 3 hours

Overcoating Interval Minimum 10 hours 6 hours 3 hours Maximum Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite

Pot Life 3 hours 2 hours 90 minutes

USEFUL INFORMATION

THINNER CLEANER STORAGE

SOLVALUX 7-25 (Maximum 5% addition) SOLVALUX 7-77 Store in a cool dry shaded area.

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59

LUXATHANE 5075
SURFACE PREPARATION
The service life span and the service performance of LUXATHANE 5075 is directly related to the degree of surface preparation. STEEL For optimum performance, this product should be applied to a surface that has been blast cleaned and suitably primed and built (e.g. with EPILUX 610 and EPILUX 58HS). This coating is usually applied over a suitable primer and undercoat or build-coat. This underlying system should be sound and undamaged. Ensure that the surface to be over-coated is clean, dry, free from dust, grease and oil, or any other surface contaminants. Always ensure the maximum over-coating time for the primer or build-coat has not been exceeded prior to application. ALUMINIUM, GALVANISED STEEL Degrease with SOLVALUX 7-45 and where practical abrade lightly to increase anchoring sites and improve adhesion. Pre-treat with one coat of LUXAPRIME 1501 followed by one coat of a suitable build coat e.g. EPILUX 218. To avoid condensation of moisture onto substrate prior to coating application, relative humidity should not exceed 85% and substrate temperature should be more than 3 C above Dew Point. Substrate Surface STEEL (Abrasive blasted - Sa 2) ALUMINIUM, GALVANISED STEEL (Abrade lightly) Priming ZINCANODE 668 LUXAPRIME 1501 2nd Coat EPILUX 58HS EPILUX 218 3rd Coat LUXATHANE 5075 LUXATHANE 5075 4th Coat LUXATHANE 5075 LUXATHANE 5075

High Build Polyurethane Finish

TYPICAL COATING SPECIFICATIONS

NOTES

The coating specifications given above are typical. For specific recommendations to suit individual applications, please refer to your Berger Paints representative. Condensation occurring during or immediately after application may result in a drop in gloss and inferior film properties. This product is not suitable in use in immersed conditions. Do not apply this product when the pot-life is exceeded, even if the paint still appears liquid. Premature exposure to ponding-water will cause colour change, especially with dark colours and at low temperatures.

SAFETY PRECAUTION

Avoid contact with eyes and skin. Wear suitable protective clothing such as overalls, goggles, dust mask and gloves. Use barrier cream. Ensure that there is adequate ventilation in the area where the product is being applied. Do not breathe in vapour or spray mist. This product is flammable. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not smoke. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. In case of fire, blanket flames with foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemicals. In the event of accidental splashes, flush eyes with warm water immediately and seek medical advice. Skin : Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water or approved industrial cleaner. Do Not Use solvents or thinners. Inhalation : Remove to fresh air, loosen collar and keep patient rested. Ingestion : In case of accidental ingestion, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Obtain immediate medical attention. For further safety information, please refer to our Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
The information provided on this data sheet is not intended to be complete and is provided as general advice only. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the product is suitable for the purpose for which he wishes to use it. As we have no control over the treatment of the product, the standard of surface preparation of the substrate, or other factors affecting the use of this product, we are not responsible for its performance nor would we accept any liability whatsoever or howsoever arising from the use of this product unless specifically agreed to in writing by us. The information contained in this data sheet may be modified by us from time to time, and without notice, in the light of our experience and continuous product development.

FIRST AID

Eyes

DISCLAIMER

Rev.1- Nov 2010

Protective Coating

60

PROTECTIVE COATING

LUXATHERM 5600
High Heat Resisting Finish (600C)

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION DESIGNED USE PHYSICAL DATA

A product that has been formulated on a modified silicon resin and is pigmented with aluminum flake to give heat resistance up to 600C Single pack easily-applied coating with an attractive metallic finish. Good oil resistance. Protects metal surfaces with surface temperatures up to 600C. A heat resistant coating for hot metal equipment in the oil and chemical process industries. VOLUME SOLIDS (Based on ASTM D2697) TYPICAL DRY FILM THICKNESS WET FILM THICKNESS THEORETICAL COVERAGE COLOUR FINISH 30 % + 2 % 25 microns 85 microns 12.0 m2/litre @ 25 microns dft Natural Colour of Aluminium Low Sheen Metallic gloss

APPLICATION DETAILS

METHOD OF APPLICATION: AIRLESS SPRAY May be used, though brush/ roller is preferred: Maximum 5% Thinner may be added This is also a suitable method of application. Maximum 20% Thinner may be added Tip Size: 1.80 - 2.20 mm (0.071 - 0.087 in) Pressure: 2.75 - 3.45 kg/cm2 (40 - 50 psi) This is the recommended method of application

CONVENTIONAL SPRAY

BRUSH OR ROLLER DRYING TIME: Surface Temperature 15C 25C 35C 45C Touch Dry 30 Mins 15 Mins 10 Mins 5 Mins

Hard Dry1

Re coating Interval Minimum 32 Hrs 16 Hrs 8 Hrs 6 Hrs Maximum Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite

See below

NO. OF COMPONENTS Application Conditions Hard Dry1

One Do not apply this product if the Relative Humidity exceeds 85% or if the substrate temperature is within 3C of the dew point This product will only harden if the temperature is raised to 200o C for a minimum of 5 hours (normally as the coated item is brought into service.) Solvalux 7-25 Store in a cool shaded dry area 26C 5 liters & 20 liters 12 months from the date of manufacture.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Thinner / Cleaning solvent Storage Instruction Flash Point Packaging Shelf Life

Protective Coating

61

LUXATHERM 5600
High Heat Resisting Finish (600C)

SURFACE PREPARATION

For optimum performance, this product should be applied to a surface that has been blast cleaned and suitably primed (e.g. with ZINCANODE 330 or LUXATHERM 1600). The surface preparation for the primer should be as follows: Remove all wax, oil and grease by solvent cleaning in accordance with the guidelines given by SSPC-SPI. Where necessary remove weld spatter and round off all rough weld seams and sharp edges to a smooth surface. Abrasive blast clean to a minimum standard of Sa 2 1/2 Swedish Standard SIS 055900 or ISO 8501-1 : 1988 Any surface defects revealed by blast cleaning should be ground, filled or treated in a suitable manner. An average surface profile of 25 microns is acceptable, but this average should not exceed 50 microns. After blasting, remove dust from the surface. The surface to be coated must also be clean and dry. If a zinc primer is used, it must be clean, dry and free from zinc salts prior to applying LUXATHERM 5600. Alternatively 2-3 coats of LUXATHERM 5600 can be applied directly on blasted surface

PRODUCT USE RESTRICTIONS SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

This product will not withstand highly acidic condition. ZINCANODE 330 should only be used as a primer if the operating temperature is 350C. Avoid contact with the skin and eyes. Wear suitable protective clothing such as overalls, goggles, dust masks and gloves. Use a barrier cream. Ensure that there is adequate ventilation in the area where the product is being applied. Do not breathe vapor or spray. This product is flammable. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not smoke. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. In case of fire blanket flames with foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemicals. Refer to MSDS for further information. Eyes: In the event of accidental splashes, flush eyes with water immediately and obtain medical advice. Skin: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water or approved industrial cleaner. DO NOT USE solvent or thinners. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air, loosen collar and keep patient rested. Ingestion: In case of accidental ingestion, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Obtain immediate medical attention.
The information provided on this data sheet is not intended to be complete and is provided as general advice only. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the product is suitable for the purpose for which he wishes to use it. As we have no control over the treatment of the product, the standard of surface preparation of the substrate, or other factors affecting the use of this product, we are not responsible for its performance nor would we accept any liability whatsoever or howsoever arising from the use of this product unless specifically agreed to in writing by us. The information contained in this data sheet may be modified by us from time to time, and without notice, in the light of our experience and continuous product development.

FIRST AID

DISCLAIMER

Rev.1- Nov 2010

Protective Coating

62

PROTECTIVE COATING

LUXATHERM 6200
Silicone Acrylic Heat Resisting Finish (220C)

Silicone Acrylic Heat Resisting Finish (220C)

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

A single component air drying high gloss finish coat that has: Outstanding weathering resistance and durability. Good chemical resistance. Smooth and glossy finish For medium range temperature resistance (up to 220C). Can be applied to vessels, pipes etc. operating at elevated temperatures. Chlorine free; can be applied to stainless steel. VOLUME SOLIDS (Based on ASTM D2697) TYPICAL DRY FILM THICKNESS WET FILM THICKNESS THEORETICAL COVERAGE COLOUR FINISH 37 % + 2 % 50 microns 135 microns 7.4 m2/litre @ 50 microns DFT Selected Colors Glossy

DESIGNED USE

PHYSICAL DATA

APPLICATION DETAILS

METHOD OF APPLICATION: AIRLESS SPRAY This is the recommended method of application: Maximum 10% Thinner may be added. Tip Size: 0.33 - 0.38 mm (0.013 - 0.015 in) Pressure: 110 - 150 kg/cm2 (1600 - 2100 psi) This is also a suitable method of application. Maximum 20% Thinner may be added Tip Size: 1.80 - 2.20 mm (0.071 - 0.087 in) Pressure: 2.75 - 3.45 kg/cm2 (40 - 50 psi) May also be used. Care should be taken to ensure an even application to avoid runs, sagging, etc.

CONVENTIONAL SPRAY

BRUSH OR ROLLER DRYING TIME: Surface Temperature 15C 25C 35C 45C Touch Dry 30 mins 20 mins 15 mins 10 mins

Hard Dry 2 Hrs 2 Hrs 1 Hrs 1 Hr

Re coating Interval Minimum 2 Hrs 2 Hrs 1 Hrs 1 Hr Maximum Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite

NO. OF COMPONENTS Application Conditions

One Do not apply this product if the Relative Humidity exceeds 85% or if the substrate temperature is within 3C of the dew point Solvalux 7-25 Store in a cool shaded dry area 36C 5 liters & 20 liters 12 months from the date of manufacture.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Thinner / Cleaning solvent Storage Instruction Flash Point Packaging Shelf Life

Aug. 2007 Version 0

Protective Coatings Sales & Service Dubai Tel 04- 3391000 Fax 04-3391322 Abu Dhabi Tel 02-6712207 Fax 02-6713774

Protective Coating

63

LUXATHERM LUXATHERM6200 6200


Silicone Acrylic Heat Resisting Finish (220C)

Silicone Acrylic Heat Resisting Finish (220C)

SURFACE PREPARATION

This product should be applied to a surface that has been blast cleaned and carefully primed. Remove all wax, oil and grease by solvent cleaning in accordance with the guidelines given by SSPC-SPI. Where necessary remove weld spatter and round off all rough weld seams and sharp edges to a smooth surface. Abrasive blast clean to a minimum standard of Sa 2 Swedish Standard SIS 05 59 00 or ISO 8501-1 : 1988 Any surface defects revealed by blast cleaning should be ground, filled or treated in a suitable manner. An average surface profile of 25 microns is acceptable, but this average should not exceed 40 microns. After blasting, remove dust from the surface. The surface preparation may be reduced to St 2 Swedish Standard SIS 05 59 00 or ISO 8501-1 : 1988 but this will reduce the effective lifetime of the system. A number of Berger Primers can be adopted depending on contract requirements. . For all general structural steelwork, piping, ducting, etc, apply 2 coat of either LUXAPRIME 1300 or LUXAPRIME 1400. These would normally be applied after fabrication and/or erection. When blast cleaning is employed, should a holding primer is required, apply one coat of EPILUX 66 to 25 micron. When used in a heat resisting system up to 100C for radiators, boiler fronts, pipe work, chimneys, etc, it is recommended that LUXAPRIME 1000 be applied in 2 coats or alternatively 1 coat EPILUX 66 before fabrication and 2 coats of LUXATHERM 6200 after fabrication. For galvanized, metal sprayed or aluminum, pre-treat with 1 coat of LUXAPRIME 1500 followed by 2 coats of Luxatherm 6200 Do not apply this product directly to a zinc primer or galvanizing without a suitable tie coat. Do not over apply this product. If the recommended film thickness is exceeded, blistering may occur at high temperatures. This product may change color above 180C . But performance will not be impaired by this. Not suitable for immersed conditions. Dry heat resistance up to 220C. May also be applied between 25 and 50 microns DFT. Avoid contact with the skin and eyes. Wear suitable protective clothing such as overalls, goggles, dust masks and gloves. Use a barrier cream. Ensure that there is adequate ventilation in the area where the product is being applied. Do not breathe vapor or spray. This product is flammable. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not smoke. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. In case of fire blanket flames with foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemicals. Refer to MSDS for further information. Eyes: In the event of accidental splashes, flush eyes with water immediately and obtain medical advice Skin: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water or approved industrial cleaner. DO NOT USE solvent or thinners. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air, loosen collar and keep patient rested. Ingestion: In case of accidental ingestion, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Obtain immediate medical attention.

APPLICATION

PRODUCT USE RESTRICTIONS

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

FIRST AID

DISCLAIMER

The information provided on this data sheet is not intended to be complete and is provided as general advice only. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the product is suitable for the purpose for which he wishes to use it. As we have no control over the treatment of the product, the standard of surface preparation of the substrate, or other factors affecting the use of this product, we are not responsible for its performance nor would we accept any liability whatsoever or howsoever arising from the use of this product unless specifically agreed to in writing by us. The information contained in this data sheet may be modified by us from time to time, and without notice, in the light of our experience and continuous product development.

Rev.1- Nov 2010

Protective Coating

64

PROTECTIVE COATING

STEEL SHIELD 1100


High Solids Glass Flake Polyester

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

A high build polyester coating reinforced with glass flakes. Excellent resistance to erosion and abrasion. Excellent resistance to sea water immersion. Very good weather resistance. Reinforcement with glass flake drastically reduces the rate of transmission of corrosive ions Particularly suitable for areas which require a coating of exceptional durability and abrasion resistance, such as helidecks, bulbous bows, anchor chain areas, stem frames etc VOLUME SOLIDS (based on ASTM D2697) TYPICAL DRY FILM THICKNESS WET FILM THICKNESS THEORETICAL COVERAGE COLOUR FINISH 98% + 2% 750 microns 765 microns 1.31m2/litre @ 750 microns DFT. White and limited range of colors Semi Gloss
This is a suitable method of application: Use large bore or Golden gun Tip Size: 1.14 - 1.30 mm (0.045 - 0.050 in) Pressure: 170 - 200 kg/cm2 (2500 - 3000 psi) This is also suitable method. Do not apply thick or heavy coats otherwise wrinkling, running or sagging may occur. Additional coats may be required to achieve the recommended film thickness. (Thinner 5% Max)..

DESIGNED USE PHYSICAL DATA

APPLICATION DETAILS

AIRLESS SPRAY

BRUSH OR ROLLER

This is the recommended method of application: Tip Size: 1.8 mm - 2.2 mm (0.071 - 0.087 mm) CONVENTIONAL SPRAY Pressure: 40 - 50 psi (2.75 - 3.4) Kg/Cm2 Thinner - 20% max Steel shield 1100 is a three pack glass flake polyester coating. The best performance is achieved at correct method of application. See Surface preparation to find application considerations.

DRYING TIME: Surface Temperature 15C 25C 35C 45C Mixing Ratio Application Conditions Hard Dry 3 Hr 2 hr 1.5 hr 40 min Recoating Interval Minimum Maximum 24 Hrs Indefinite 16 Hrs Indefinite 10 Hrs Indefinite 8 Hrs Indefinite Three Base 20 Litre, Accelerator 35 gm, Catalyst 350 gm Do not apply this product if the Relative Humidity exceeds 85% or if the substrate temperature is within 3C of the dew point Solvalux 7-77 Store in a cool shaded dry area Mixed 29C 5 litres & 20 litres 6 months from the date of Manufacture Pot Life 2 Hrs 1 Hrs 40 min 25 min

NO. OF COMPONENTS

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Thinner / Cleaning solvent Storage Instruction Flash Point Packaging Shelf Life

Protective Coating

65

STEEL SHIELD 1100


High Solids Glass Flake Polyester

SURFACE PREPARATION

Steel must be blasted to a minimum cleanliness of Sa2 Swedish Standard 05 59 00 or Second Quality BS 4232:1967. For highly corrosive conditions specify Sa 3.0/ First Quality. A surface profile of 125 microns must be available for direct one coat application. Abrasive of sizes S240, G24 or large are recommended to required profile. If the required profile is not available then a holding primer, Epilux 610 can be applied at 25 micron. If the correct equipment is employed. 'Steelshield 1100" can be applied at high application rates. It is a simple material to apply if the recommended procedure is followed : Assemble full equipment and flush thorough with Washing Thinner. Remove gun and circulate Steelshield 1100 bone through lines. Attach gun and check the spray pattern is satisfactory by adjustment of pressure. Remove gun. Prepare material for use as follows : Thoroughly stir Accelerator into Steelshield Base. When fully dispersed, add Catalyst B. Because of the relatively small volumes of these it is essential to ensure complete mixing. This can only be achieved by using a mechanical stirrer and by scraping the sides. Remembers to flush uncatalysed material from the line and mix this thoroughly. Do not mix together the accelerator and catalysts as this may result in explosive hazards. Do not add Thinners. Re-attach gun and trigger to remove uncatalysed material from gun. The equipment is now ready for use. Cleaning First cut off the air pressure at the pump and open the relieve valve to release the pressure on the fluid line and gun. Flush out the pump line and gun with thinner and allow this to circulate for a few minutes. Do not attempt to thin the product Steelshield 1100. DO NOT use Acetone for cleaning. Use Solvalux 7-223 or Methyl Ethyl Ketone. Should spills occur, soak up with vermiculite, pearlite or similar absorbent material and destroy by careful burning in an open area. Caution - Combustible! In case of fire use carbon dioxide or dry chemical extinguishers. These materials must not be allowed to remain in prolonged contact with the skin, and inhalation of vapours should be avoided. In case of contact with the skin, wash with plenty of soap and water. In case of contact with eyes flush with fresh water and seek medical advice. If swallowed, induce vomiting and seek immediate medical attention. Equipment details 1. The Graco King 45-1 Ratio airless spray or Wagner 66-1 unit is preferred because of its large volume lower unit, which enables maximum delivery of paint with min pump movement, thus minimizing heat generation. Teflon seals should be used in upper and lower section of the unit, as these will give a longer life then either neoprene or leather seals when large applications have to be made. 2. There should be no filters or strainers in the pump unit, the fluid lines or the gun, nor should there be diffusers in the tip, and no foot extension should be used on the pump. This will enhance free flow of the paint to prevent packing of the glass extenders which can cause blockages leading to premature curing in the body of the apparatus. 3. The fluid hose should be of 3/8" internal diameter and the shortest length suitable for practical application should be used. No restrictive couplings should be used on the fluid hose; the gun should be hooked up directly to the line. A swivel hook-up is an advantage and will give easy maneuverability of the gun when spraying. 4. The preferred spray gun is the Graco Hydro Mastic gun, without diffuser (Model 207- 300 series F). This should be used in conjunction with a Reverse-a-Clean head with a 45-51 thou tip, again without strainers, or diffusers.

Protective Coating

66

STEEL SHIELD 1100


High Solids Glass Flake Polyester

Note: The hydro Mastic Gun 216-718 is not suitable but can be modified by the purchase of suitable parts. The above is the preferred equipment; however, other types can be used provided they have the characteristics emphasized above i.e., a large volume chamber airless spray unit and a large bore gun to ensure free flow of the paint Steelshield 1100, both being free from filters.

PRODUCT USE INSTRUCTIONS SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

This product cannot be applied on non-blasted substrate. Not recommended for substrates with pH <3 and pH>9. Not suitable for concentrate Sulphuric and Nitric acid immersion services. Not recommended for Aromatic hydrocarbon immersion services. Resin Base Caution - Combustible! Keep away from heat and open flames. Use adequate ventilation. Store in cool place - below 27C/80F. In case of fire, use carbon dioxide or dry chemical extinguishers. Contains styrene. Avoid prolonged contact with skin and breathing vapor or spray mist. In closed areas, use air supplied hood respirators for prolonged spraying. A full face piece canister mask approved for styrene is adequate for exposed periods of 30minutes of less. Harmful if swallowed. If swallowed, seek immediate medical advice. Use safety goggles, if material gets into eyes, flush thoroughly with water, and seek medical advice. Close can after use and keep out of reach of children. Accelerator This compound has a low order of toxicity and a high flash point. Caution! it can react with oxidizing materials. Catalyst Warning! These materials are organic peroxide catalyst and must be kept away from all sources of heat and ignition, such as steam pipes, open flames and sparks. Never add accelerators such as cobalt napthenate to these catalysts. Violent decomposition may result. Store in original containers below 38C/100F Refer to MSDS for safe handling & application of this product. Eyes: In the event of accidental splashes, flush eyes with water immediately and obtain medical advice Skin: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water or approved industrial cleaner. DO NOT USE solvent or thinners. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air, loosen collar and keep patient rested. . Ingestion: In case of accidental ingestion, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Obtain immediate medical attention
The information provided on this data sheet is not intended to be complete and is provided as general advice only. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the product is suitable for the purpose for which he wishes to use it. As we have no control over the treatment of the product, the standard of surface preparation of the substrate, or other factors affecting the use of this product, we are not responsible for its performance nor would we accept any liability whatsoever or howsoever arising from the use of this product unless specifically agreed to in writing by us. The information contained in this data sheet may be modified by us from time to time, and without notice, in the light of our experience and continuous product development.

FIRST AID

DISCLAIMER

Rev.1- Nov 2010

Protective Coating

67

PROTECTIVE COATING

STEEL SHIELD 1200


PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
A high solids and high build epoxy coating incorporating glass flakes and inert pigments. Cures at above and below water/sea level. Excellent Corrosion resistance. Excellent resistance against fresh and sea water. Excellent abrasion resistance. Good resistance against mild chemicals. Low VOC hence user and environment friendly. No primer required. Steel and concrete structures in splash / tidal zone. As a single coat maintenance system. As a general maintenance coating for on-shore and off-shore installations. VOLUME SOLIDS (Based on ASTM D2697) TYPICAL DRY FILM THICKNESS WET FILM THICKNESS THEORETICAL COVERAGE COLOUR FINISH 84 % + 2 % 500 microns 595 microns 1.7 m2/litre @ 500 microns dft Limited Shades Low Sheen

High Build Glass Flake Epoxy

DESIGNED USE PHYSICAL DATA

APPLICATION DETAILS

METHOD OF APPLICATION : AIRLESS SPRAY This is the recommended method of application: Maximum 5% Thinner may be added. Tip Size: 0.93 - 1.38 mm (0.031 - 0.055 in) Pressure: 206 - 241 kg/cm2 (3000 3500 psi) May be used for difficult shapes or touch-up. However, additional coats may be required to achieve the recommended film thickness. Re coating Interval Minimum 32 Hrs 20 Hrs 14 Hrs 8 Hrs Maximum 21 Days 14 Days 7 Days 5 Days

BRUSH OR ROLLER DRYING TIME: Surface Temperature 15C 25C 35C 45C Mixing Ratio Application Conditions Touch Dry 9 Hrs 6 Hrs 4 Hrs 2 Hrs

Hard Dry 18 Hrs 12 Hrs 8 Hrs 6 Hrs Two

Pot Life 3 Hrs 2 Hrs 1 Hr 30 mins

NO. OF COMPONENTS

4 parts Base to 1 part Hardener (by volume) Do not apply this product if the Relative Humidity exceeds 85% or if the substrate temperature is within 3C of the dew point Solvalux 7-45 Store in a cool shaded dry area Mixed 36C 20 liters 12 months from the date of manufacture.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Thinner / Cleaning solvent Storage Instruction Flash Point Packaging Shelf Life

Protective Coating

68

STEEL SHIELD 1200


SURFACE PREPARATION
This product can be applied either directly to blasted steel or over suitable primer (e.g. EPILUX 610 or EPILUX 78). Remove all wax, oil and grease by solvent cleaning in accordance with the guidelines given by SSPC-SPI. Where necessary remove weld spatter and round off all rough weld seams and sharp edges to a smooth surface. Abrasive blast clean to a minimum standard of Sa 2 Swedish Standard SIS 05 59 00 or ISO 8501-1 : 1988. For direct application, the surface profile should be in between 75 100 micron. Any surface defects revealed by blast cleaning should be ground, filled or treated in a suitable manner. After blasting, remove dust from the surface. The surface to be coated must also be clean and dry. The surface to be applied must be clean, dry and free from soluble salts. If required, fresh water wash should follow to remove soluble salts. CONCRETE Ensure the surface is sound. Remove laitance by through wire-brushing, acid etching or sweep blasting. Blowholes and other defects should be filled with Solventless Epoxy Filler. SPLASH/ TIDAL ZONE INSTALLATION Ensure substrate is suitably prepared as described above. Substrate must be dry and above fresh/ sea water level during application of this product. The curing process of the applied coating continues even if it is completely submerged in Fresh/ Sea water. This product has to be applied over a dry surface Finish will be matt if cured underwater. Consult Berger if product is to be applied in non-tropical climate. Pot life short, hence mix base and hardener only when ready to use.

High Build Glass Flake Epoxy

PRODUCT USE RESTRICTIONS

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

Avoid contact with the skin and eyes. Wear suitable protective clothing such as overalls, goggles, dust masks and gloves. Use a barrier cream. Ensure that there is adequate ventilation in the area where the product is being applied. Do not breathe vapor or spray. This product is flammable. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not smoke. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. In case of fire blanket flames with foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemicals Refer to MSDS for further information. Eyes: In the event of accidental splashes, flush eyes with water immediately and obtain medical advice Skin: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water or approved industrial cleaner. DO NOT USE solvent or thinners. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air, loosen collar and keep patient rested. Ingestion: In case of accidental ingestion, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Obtain immediate medical attention
The information provided on this data sheet is not intended to be complete and is provided as general advice only. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the product is suitable for the purpose for which he wishes to use it. As we have no control over the treatment of the product, the standard of surface preparation of the substrate, or other factors affecting the use of this product, we are not responsible for its performance nor would we accept any liability whatsoever or howsoever arising from the use of this product unless specifically agreed to in writing by us. The information contained in this data sheet may be modified by us from time to time, and without notice, in the light of our experience and continuous product development.

FIRST AID

DISCLAIMER

Rev.1- Nov 2010

Protective Coating

69

PROTECTIVE COATING

RAPID AIR DRY 10


Quick Drying Primer RAPID AIR DRY 10

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

Quick Drying Primer A high quality primer coat based on quick drying synthetic polyester resin incorporating anticorrosive pigments. Rapid drying. Good anticorrosive properties. Improves shop floor productivity. Good durability and weathering properties appropriate to the product requirement. Interior VOLUME SOLIDS (Based on ASTM D2697) TYPICAL DRY FILM THICKNESS WET FILM THICKNESS THEORETICAL COVERAGE COLOUR FINISH 54% + 2 % 30 75 microns 55 - 140 microns 10.80 m2/litre @ 50 microns dft Red Oxide/ Grey Matt

DESIGNED USE PHYSICAL DATA

APPLICATION DETAILS

METHOD OF APPLICATION : AIRLESS SPRAY This is the recommended method of application: Maximum 5% Thinner may be added. Tip Size: 0.48 - 0.58 mm (0.019 - 0.023 in) Pressure: 100 - 120 kg/cm2 (1500 - 1700 psi) This is also a suitable method of application. Maximum 20% Thinner may be added Tip Size: 1.80 - 2.20 mm (0.071 - 0.087 in) Pressure: 2.75 - 3.45 kg/cm2 (40 - 50 psi) May be used for difficult shapes or touch-up. However, additional coats may be required to achieve the recommended film thickness. Over coating Interval Minimum 6 Hrs 3 Hrs 1 Hrs 15 mins Maximum Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite

CONVENTIONAL SPRAY

BRUSH OR ROLLER DRYING TIME: Surface Temperature 15C 25C 35C 45C Touch Dry 20 mins 10 mins 5 mins 2 mins

Hard Dry 6 Hrs 3 Hrs 1 Hrs 10 mins

NO. OF COMPONENTS Application Conditions

One Do not apply this product if the Relative Humidity exceeds 85% or if the substrate temperature is within 3C of the dew point Solvalux 7-25 Store in a cool shaded dry area 30C 5 liters & 20 liters 12 months from the date of manufacture.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Thinner / Cleaning solvent Storage Instruction Flash Point Packaging Shelf Life

Protective Coating

70

RAPID AIR DRY 10 RAPID AIR DRY 10


Quick Drying Primer

SURFACE PREPARATION

Quick Drying Primer For best results the surface should be treated as follows prior to application. Remove all wax, oil and grease by solvent cleaning in accordance with the guidelines given by SSPC-SPI. Where necessary remove weld spatter and round off all rough weld seams and sharp edges to a smooth surface. Abrasive blast clean the surface to a minimum standard of Sa l Swedish standard SIS 05 59 00 or ISO 8501-1 : 1988 is Mechanical cleaning using hand or power tools to a minimum standard of St 2 Swedish standard SIS 05 59 00 or ISO 8501-1: 1988 also acceptable. However take necessary care to avoid polishing. The average surface profile of 30 micron is acceptable but this average should not exceed 50 microns. After blasting remove dust from the surface. The surface to be coated must be clean and dry. System Single Coat Multiple Coats Priming Rapid Air Dry 10 Rapid Air Dry 10 2nd Coat Rapid Air Dry 15 3rd Coat (Optional) Rapid Air Dry 15

TYPICAL COATING SYSTEMS

PRODUCT USE RESTRICTIONS

Drying film thickness may vary depending on the application and that can be drying time. For exterior use the product should be suitably top coated. The product is not suitable for top coating with two-pack epoxy and polyurethane coatings. Dry heat resistant up to 800C. "Indefinite" over coating interval indicates fairly long time but within the life span of the coating.

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

Avoid contact with the skin and eyes. Wear suitable protective clothing such as overalls, goggles, dust masks and gloves. Use a barrier cream. Ensure that there is adequate ventilation in the area where the product is being applied. Do not breathe vapor or spray. This product is flammable. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not smoke. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. In case of fire blanket flames with foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemicals Refer to MSDS for further information. Eyes: In the event of accidental splashes, flush eyes with water immediately and obtain medical advice Skin: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water or approved industrial cleaner. DO NOT USE solvent or thinners. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air, loosen collar and keep patient rested. Ingestion: In case of accidental ingestion, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Obtain immediate medical attention
The information provided on this data sheet is not intended to be complete and is provided as general advice only. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the product is suitable for the purpose for which he wishes to use it. As we have no control over the treatment of the product, the standard of surface preparation of the substrate, or other factors affecting the use of this product, we are not responsible for its performance nor would we accept any liability whatsoever or howsoever arising from the use of this product unless specifically agreed to in writing by us. The information contained in this data sheet may be modified by us from time to time, and without notice, in the light of our experience and continuous product development.

FIRST AID

DISCLAIMER

Rev.1- Nov 2010

Protective Coating

71

PROTECTIVE COATING

RAPID AIR DRY 15


Quick Drying Primer / Top Coat

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

A high quality Primer/ Finish coat based on quick drying synthetic polyester resin incorporating anticorrosive pigments. Rapid drying. Good anticorrosive properties. Improves shop floor productivity. Good durability and weathering properties appropriate to the product requirement. Interior VOLUME SOLIDS (Based on ASTM D2697) TYPICAL DRY FILM THICKNESS WET FILM THICKNESS THEORETICAL COVERAGE COLOUR FINISH 49% + 2 % 50 60 microns 102 - 122 microns 9.80 m2/litre @ 50 microns DFT Limited Colours Semi-Gloss

DESIGNED USE PHYSICAL DATA

APPLICATION DETAILS

METHOD OF APPLICATION : AIRLESS SPRAY This is the recommended method of application: Maximum 5% Thinner may be added. Tip Size: 0.48 - 0.58 mm (0.019 - 0.023 in) Pressure: 100 - 120 kg/cm2 (1500 - 1700 psi) This is also a suitable method of application. Maximum 20% Thinner may be added Tip Size: 1.80 - 2.20 mm (0.071 - 0.087 in) Pressure: 2.75 - 3.45 kg/cm2 (40 - 50 psi) May be used for difficult shapes or touch-up. However, additional coats may be required to achieve the recommended film thickness. Over coating Interval Minimum 6 Hrs 3 Hrs 1 Hrs 15 mins Maximum Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite

CONVENTIONAL SPRAY

BRUSH OR ROLLER DRYING TIME: Surface Temperature 15C 25C 35C 45C Touch Dry 20 mins 10 mins 5 mins 2 mins

Hard Dry 6 Hrs 3 Hrs 1 Hrs 10 mins

NO. OF COMPONENTS Application Conditions

One Do not apply this product if the Relative Humidity exceeds 85% or if the substrate temperature is within 3C of the dew point Solvalux 7-25 Store in a cool shaded dry area 30C 5 liters & 20 liters 12 months from the date of manufacture.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Thinner / Cleaning solvent Storage Instruction Flash Point Packaging Shelf Life

Protective Coating

72

RAPID AIR DRY 15


SURFACE PREPARATION
For best results the surface should be treated as follows prior to application. Remove all wax, oil and grease by solvent cleaning in accordance with the guidelines given by SSPC-SPI. Where necessary remove weld spatter and round off all rough weld seams and sharp edges to a smooth surface. Abrasive blast clean the surface to a minimum standard of Sa l Swedish standard SIS 05 59 00 or ISO 8501-1 : 1988 is Mechanical cleaning using hand or power tools to a minimum standard of St 2 Swedish standard SIS 05 59 00 or ISO 8501-1: 1988 also acceptable. However take necessary care to avoid polishing. The average surface profile of 30 micron is acceptable but this average should not exceed 50 microns. After blasting remove dust from the surface. The surface to be coated must be clean and dry. System Single Coat (Primer / Finish Coat) Multiple Coats Priming Rapid Air Dry 15 Rapid Air Dry 10 Rapid Air Dry 15 Rapid Air Dry 15 2nd Coat 3rd Coat (Optional)

Quick Drying Primer / Top Coat

TYPICAL COATING SYSTEMS

PRODUCT USE RESTRICTIONS

Drying film thickness may vary depending on the application and that can be drying time. For exterior use the product should be suitably top coated. The product is not suitable for top coating with two-pack epoxy and polyurethane coatings. Dry heat resistant up to 800C. "Indefinite" over coating interval indicates fairly long time but within the life span of the coating.

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

Avoid contact with the skin and eyes. Wear suitable protective clothing such as overalls, goggles, dust masks and gloves. Use a barrier cream. Ensure that there is adequate ventilation in the area where the product is being applied. Do not breathe vapor or spray. This product is flammable. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not smoke. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. In case of fire blanket flames with foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemicals. Refer to MSDS for further information. Eyes: In the event of accidental splashes, flush eyes with water immediately and obtain medical advice. Skin: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water or approved industrial cleaner. DO NOT USE solvent or thinners. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air, loosen collar and keep patient rested. Ingestion: In case of accidental ingestion, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Obtain immediate medical attention.
The information provided on this data sheet is not intended to be complete and is provided as general advice only. It is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the product is suitable for the purpose for which he wishes to use it. As we have no control over the treatment of the product, the standard of surface preparation of the substrate, or other factors affecting the use of this product, we are not responsible for its performance nor would we accept any liability whatsoever or howsoever arising from the use of this product unless specifically agreed to in writing by us. The information contained in this data sheet may be modified by us from time to time, and without notice, in the light of our experience and continuous product development.

FIRST AID

DISCLAIMER

Rev.1- Nov 2010

Protective Coating

73

SCIB Chemical S.A.E

Headquarters and Factory:


6th of October City, 4 th Industrial Zone (1/3/B)/B Tel: (+202) 38281090 - 99 Fax:(+202) 38331271/5 Sales and Marketing Office: 39, Elgezira Elwusta st. Zamalek Cairo Egypt Tel: (+202) 27350112 Fax: (+202) 27350104

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Helpline: 0800 5555 100


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