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INTEGRATION

INTEGRATION BY SUBSTITUTION

MAY 2013

WS Ch 3 Integration by Substitution

LEARNING OBJECTIVES :
At the end of the module , you should be able to : Integrate by using substitution method

MAY 2013

WS Ch 3 Integration by Substitution

SUBSTITUTION METHOD
If u = g(x) is a differentiable function whose range is an interval I and f is continuous on I then

where

MAY 2013

WS Ch 3 Integration by Substitution

Example 1 :
Solution

This makes

MAY 2013

WS Ch 3 Integration by Substitution

Observe The substitution is applicable when, one of the function is a degree lower than the other

MAY 2013

WS Ch 3 Integration by Substitution

Example 2 :
Solution

This makes

MAY 2013

WS Ch 3 Integration by Substitution

Example 3 :
Solution

This makes

MAY 2013

WS Ch 3 Integration by Substitution

Example 4 :
Solution

MAY 2013

WS Ch 3 Integration by Substitution

Example 5 :
Solution

MAY 2013

WS Ch 3 Integration by Substitution

INTEGRALS INVOLVING EXPONENTIAL FUNCTIONS

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WS Ch 3 Integration by Substitution

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Example 6 :

Example 7 :
Solution

This makes

MAY 2013

WS Ch 3 Integration by Substitution

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Example 8 :
Solution

MAY 2013

WS Ch 3 Integration by Substitution

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Example 9 :
Solution

MAY 2013

WS Ch 3 Integration by Substitution

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Example 10 :
Solution

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WS Ch 3 Integration by Substitution

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INTEGRALS INVOLVING LOGARITHMIC FUNCTIONS

Example 11 :

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WS Ch 3 Integration by Substitution

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Example 12 :
Solution

This makes

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WS Ch 3 Integration by Substitution

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From the last example, we can conclude that


Any integral of the form (where the numerator of the integrand is the derivative of the denominator)

can be evaluated by the u-substitution,


since the substitution yields

MAY 2013

WS Ch 3 Integration by Substitution

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Example 13 :
Solution

MAY 2013

WS Ch 3 Integration by Substitution

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Example 14 :
Solution

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WS Ch 3 Integration by Substitution

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Example 15 :
Solution

MAY 2013

WS Ch 3 Integration by Substitution

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Example 16 :
Solution

MAY 2013

WS Ch 3 Integration by Substitution

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