Classroom Language: The beginning of the lesson

1. Good morning
• • • •

". #aiting to start
• • • •

Good morning, everybody. Good afternoon, everybody. Hello, everyone. Hello there, James.

!'m waiting for you to be (uiet. )e won't start until everyone is (uiet. *to& tal$ing and be (uiet. *ettle down now so we #an start.

2. How are you?
• • • • •

$. %ut your things away
• • •

How are you today? How are you getting on? How's life? How are things with you? Are you feeling better today, Bill?

+lose your boo$s. ,ut your boo$s away. ,a#$ your things away.

&. 'egister
• • • • •

3. Introdu tions
• • •

)ho is absent today? )ho isn't here today? )hat's the matter with Jim today? )hat's wrong with Jim today? )hy were you absent last -riday, “”?

My name is Mr/Mrs/Ms im. !'m your new "nglish tea#her. !'ll be tea#hing you "nglish this year. !'ve got five lessons with you ea#h wee$.

(. Late
• • • • •

!. Time to begin
• • • • •

%et's begin our lesson now. !s everybody ready to start? ! ho&e you are all ready for your "nglish lesson. ! thin$ we #an start now. 'ow we #an get down to wor$.

)here have you been? )e started ten minutes ago. )hat have you been doing? .id you miss your bus? .id you overslee&? .on't let it ha&&en again.

%oo$ at a#tivity five. )ho's ne4t? %i$e this. *how me your &en#il. . everybody. *to& now. *it down.on't forget to bring your . Are you ready? 1&en your boo$s at &age.. 3e&eat after me..Classroom Language: )im*le instru tions Here are some #ommon instru#tions whi#h the #lass #an easily understand/ • • • • • +ome in.. 0ou have five minutes to do this. . .a#$ u& your boo$s. %et's #he#$ the answers. !nstru#tions #an also be se(uen#ed/ • • • -irst 'e4t After that • • 2hen -inally Com*rehension language: .ut your hands down.ut your hands u&.. &lease.. +ome to the front of the #lass.. not li$e that. "verybody . Go out. • • • • • *tand by your des$s. 2urn to &age . • • • • • Any (uestions? +olle#t your wor$ &lease. Are your des$s tidy? . Have you finished? %et's sto& now. )e'll learn how to . Again. tomorrow. 0ou need &en#ils/rulers..ay attention. A number of instru#tions #an be used at the end of a session/ • • • • • !t's time to finish.... A number of instru#tions #an be used at the beginning of a session/ • • • • • • • . *tand u&. • • • • • • • %isten to this ta&e. Hold your boo$s/&ens u&.

)e have an e4tra five minutes. 2here's the bell.o you get it? . ! don't get it. )e'll have to sto& here. 0ou #an go now. &lease. !t's almost time to sto&. &lease. Just a moment. 2here are still two minutes to go. 3. #ait a minute • • • • • Hang on a moment. +ot time to sto* • • • • • • • • 2he bell hasn't gone yet. Just hold on a moment. Time to sto* • • • • • • Ba#$ to your &la#es. *ay it again.o you follow me? • • • • • • • )hat did you say? 1ne more time. *tay where you are for a moment. 2he lesson doesn't finish till five &ast. !t's time to sto&. &lease.• • • • • • • Are you ready? Are you with me? Are you 1 ? 1 so far? . ! don't understand. %i$e this? !s this 1 ? Classroom Language: The end of the lesson 1. 2. 0our wat#h must be fast. . 1ne more thing before you go.o you understand? . )e still have a #ou&le of minutes left. 2hat's all for today. *it (uietly until the bell goes. )e seem to have finished early. !'m afraid it's time to finish now.

*ee you in room 9 after the brea$. 2ry not to ma$e any noise as you leave. "n:oy your va#ation. 2his is your homewor$ for tonight. 2a$e a wor$sheet as you leave. *ee you tomorrow afternoon. )e've run out of time. Be (uiet as you leave. 1ther #lasses are still wor$ing. • • • • • • • • Have a good holiday. *ee you again ne4t )ednesday. !. Hurry u& and get out. )e e4&loit #onte4ts whi#h are not dire#tly lin$ed to the syllabus <language in use>. Here are some #ommon situations in whi#h s&ontaneous "nglish #an be used/ . !t's tidy u& time %ine u& <"va =igil suggested it> <"va =igil suggested it> $. Classroom Language: The language of s*ontaneous situations !f we use "nglish in s&ontaneous situations/ • • • )e relate the target language to the learner's immediate environment. &. -orm a (ueue and wait for the bell. Lea-ing the room • • • • • • • • • Get into a (ueue. Goodbye • • • • the ne4t #ha&ter for Monday. +e. .". . Homewor. )e'll #ontinue this #ha&ter ne4t Monday. everyone. )e ta$e advantage of s&ontaneous situations to use the target language. )e'll finish this e4er#ise ne4t lesson. "verybody outside.t time • • • • )e'll do the rest of this #ha&ter ne4t time. 2here is no homewor$ today. 3emember your homewor$.o e4er#ise 56 on &age 78 for your homewor$. All of you get outside now. so we'll #ontinue ne4t lesson.

o you feel better today? Are you better now? Have you been ill? )hat was the matter? "4#use me for a moment. Better lu#$ ne4t time. ?@ is eleven today. Ha&&y "aster. ! seem to be losing my voi#e. ! have a heada#he. Good lu#$. &lease. ! have a sore throat. %et's sing AHa&&y BirthdayA. • • • • .• • • • • • • • • • • • Ha&&y birthday. Hard lines. today? !'m sorry <about that>. Ha&&y 'ew 0ear. .o you mind if ! sit down? • • • • • • • • • • • • "4#use me. )ho's not here today? )ho isn't here? )hat's wrong with . that was my fault. ! ho&e you &ass. Best of lu#$. +ongratulations. • • • • • • Classroom Language: The language of lassroom management Here are some #ommon situations in whi#h s&ontaneous "nglish #an be used/ . • • • • • • • ! ho&e you all have a good +hristmas. )ell done. +ould ! get &ast &lease? 0ou're blo#$ing the way. All the best for the 'ew 0ear. !'ll be ba#$ in a moment. +arry on with the e4er#ise while !'m away. ! #an't get &ast you. Get out of the way. !'m feeling under the weather. !'m terribly sorry.. *orry. 'ever mind. ?@ has his/her 57th birthday today.. Many returns <of the day>. !'ve got to go ne4t door for a moment. !'m afraid ! #an't s&ea$ any louder.

Ma$e a horseshoe sha&e with your des$s. )or$ inde&endently. )or$ in &airs/threes/fours/fives. Move your des$s into grou&s of four &eo&le. Here are some tas$s for you to wor$ on in grou&s of four. "verybody wor$ individually. As$ others in the #lass. As$ everyone in the #lass. !nterview someone else. +an you :oin the other grou&? 1nly three &eo&le in ea#h grou&. As$ other &eo&le in the grou&. )or$ by yourselves. )or$ in grou&s of two/three/four. -orm grou&s of three. -ind a &artner. ! as$ed for four &eo&le to a grou&. ! want you to form grou&s. )or$ together with your friend. *it ba#$ to ba#$. • • • • • • • • • 2here are too many in this grou&. 2urn your des$s around. *tand u& and find another &artner.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Ma$e grou&s of four.o the ne4t a#tivity. Ma$e grou&s of four des$s fa#ing ea#h other. . Move on to the ne4t a#tivity. Ma$e a line of des$s fa#ing ea#h other. As$ your neighbour for hel&. )or$ on the tas$ together. Have you finished? . Ma$e a #ir#le with your des$s.

&lease. -inish this by twenty to eleven. "verybody.. )ho would li$e to read? )hi#h to&i# will your grou& re&ort on? . -irst of all. ! want you all to :oin in. )hose turn is it to read? )hi#h (uestion are you on? 'e4t one.. -inish off this song at home. %isten to the ta&e. 2he whole #lass. 0ou have ten minutes to do this.o you want to answer (uestion 8? %oo$ this way. 'ow we will go on to the ne4t e4er#ise. +an you all see the board? Have you found the &la#e? Are you all ready? *u&ervision • • • • • Interrogation . Have you finished? -or the last thing today. 0our time is u&.. %et's sing a song.. +ould you try the ne4t one? ! would li$e you to write this down. %eave that alone now.Classroom Language: Language of lassroom management Here are some &hrases that #an be used for #lassroom management/ /rgani0ation Giving instru#tions • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • *e(uen#ing • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 1&en your boo$s at &age B7. Get into grou&s of four. All together now. *to& tal$ing. . 3ight. %isten to what . )ould you mind swit#hing the lights on? !t might be an idea to leave this till ne4t time.. 2he idea of this e4er#ise is for you to ... Be #areful. &lease. &lease. &lease.. let's . is saying. today. )ho hasn't answered yet? %et me e4&lain what ! want you to do ne4t. +ome out and write it on the board.

*lanation Metalanguage • • • • • • 3eferen#e • • • • • • • )hat's the *&anish for AdollA? "4&lain it in your own words. Almost. the Beatles .. Ha&&y birthday. %et me sum u&. Have a ni#e wee$end.. . +an anybody #orre#t this senten#e? -ill in the missing words. Mar$ the right alternative.. 2han$s for your hel&. Merry +hristmas.. . Intera tion Affe#tive attitudes • • • • *o#ial ritual • • • • • • • 2hat's interesting. 2his is a &i#ture of a ty&i#ally "nglish #astle. After they left the C*A. ..As$ing (uestions • • • • • • 3es&onding to (uestions • • • • )here's Bill? !s Bill in the $it#hen? 2ell me where Bill is.. )hat was the house li$e? )hat do you thin$? How #an you tell? 0es. As ! said earlier. !n the ba#$ground you #an see . ! was a bit disa&&ointed with your efforts. . 2hat really is very $ind of you. -ine. 2he #hur#h was started in the last #entury.on't worry about it. )hile we're on the sub:e#t. God bless. +heerio now. Good morning. )hat about this word? 1.. !t's s&elt with a #a&ital AJA.. 2ry again. that's right.

-ine. • • • • • • • • • • • . 2hat's very good. 0ou've almost got it. Have a go. *ort of. Marvellous. but not (uite right. 0ou're on the right lines. • • • • • • • 0ou did a great :ob. !'m afraid. !'m afraid that's not (uite right. 2hat's it. 2hat's more li$e it. Great stuff. 2hat's #orre#t. 0ou #an't say that. • • • • • • • • !t de&ends. Have a guess. 2errifi#. 2hat's (uite right. )e have &lenty of time Go on. 0ou've im&roved a lot. Jolly good. 2hat's a lot better. -antasti#. 2here's no need to rush. !t might be. Good try. Magnifi#ent. 0es. yes. &erha&s. 2hat's mu#h better. )ow. 0ou were almost right. Duite right 2hat's right. 'ot e4a#tly. 0ou're halfway there. !n a way. 2ry again. ! su&&ose. ! li$e that. 0ou #an't use that word here. Have a try. 0es. 0ou've got the idea. 2hat's ni#e. )ell done. 2here's no hurry. • • • • • • • • • 'ot really. Have another try. =ery fine. 2hat's almost it.Classroom Language: The language of error orre tion Here are some &hrases that #an be used when giving feedba#$ to students/ • • • • • • • =ery good. 'ot (uite right. • • • • • • • • • • 3ight. you've got it. Cnfortunately not.

. )hat you said was &erfe#tly all right. 0ou are #ommuni#ating well. 0ou have good &ronun#iation. 0ou didn't ma$e a single mista$e. . . Maybe this will hel& you. it'll im&rove.• • • • • • • • • • 2here's nothing wrong with your answer. 0ou'll have to s&end some time &ra#tising this. 0ou've im&roved no end. 0ou s&ea$ very fluently. 2hat's :ust what ! was loo$ing for. 0ou need more &ra#ti#e with these words. 0our &ronun#iation is very good.on't worry.o you want a #lue <hint>? 0ou still have some trouble with &ronun#iation.on't worry about your &ronun#iation.on't worry about your s&elling. 0ou have made a lot of &rogress. 0ou're getting better at it all the time. . • • • • • • • • • • . 2hat's e4a#tly the &oint.

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