Three friends divided some bullets equally.

After all of them shot 4 bullets the total number of bullets remaining is equal to the bullets each had after division. Find the original number divided. Answer 18 Assume that initial there were 3*X bullets. So they got X bullets each after division. All of them shot 4 bullets. So now they have X ! 4" bullets each. #ut it is given that\$ after they shot 4 bullets each\$ total number of bullets remaining is equal to the bullets each had after division i.e. X Therefore\$ the equation is 3 * X ! 4" % X 3 * X ! &' % X ' * X % &' X%( Therefore the total bullets before division is % 3 * X % &)

Find sum of digits of *. +et A% &,,,&,,, # % sum of digits of A - % sum of digits of # * % sum of digits of ./0T1 A % # % - % * mod ,"" Answer the sum of the digits od D is 1. +et 2 % sum of digits of *. /t follows from the hint that A % 2 mod ,"

Consider, A = 19991999 < 20002000 = 22000 * 10002000 = 1024200 * 106000 < 10800 * 106000 = 106800

i.e. A < 106800 i.e. B < 6800 * 9 = 61200 i.e. C < 5 * 9 = 45 i.e. D < 2 * 9 = 18 i.e. E <= 9 i.e. E is a single digit nu !er.

Also, 1999 = 1 " od 9# so 19991999 = 1 " od 9# Therefore we conclude that 2%&. There is a 50m long army platoon marching ahead. The last person in the platoon wants to give a letter to the first person leading the platoon. So while the platoon is marching he runs ahead, reaches the first person and hands over the letter to him and without stopping he runs and comes back to his original position. In the mean time the whole platoon has moved ahead by 50m. The question is how much distance did the last person cover in that time. ssuming that

he ran the whole distance with uniform speed. Submitted Answer The last person covered 120.71 meters. /t is given that the 3latoon and the last 3erson moved with uniform s3eed. Also\$ they both moved for the identical amount of time. .ence\$ the ratio of the distance they covered ! while 3erson moving forward and bac4word ! are equal. +et5s assume that when the last 3erson reached the first 3erson\$ the 3latoon moved X meters forward. Thus\$ while moving forward the last 3erson moved 678X" meters whereas the 3latoon moved X meters. Similarly\$ while moving bac4 the last 3erson moved 967! 67!X": X meters whereas the 3latoon moved 67!X" meters. 0ow\$ as the ratios are equal\$ 678X";X % X; 67!X" 678X"* 67!X" % X*X Solving\$ X%36.366 meters Thus\$ total distance covered by the last 3erson % 678X" 8 X % '*X 8 67 % '* 36.366" 8 67 % &'7.<& meters 0ote that at first glance\$ one might thin4 that the total distance covered by the last 3erson is &77 meters\$ as he ran the total lenght of the 3latoon 67 meters" twice. T=>2\$ but that5s the relative distance covered by the last 3erson i.e. assuming that the 3latoon is stationary. /f you ta4e a mar4er ? start from a corner on a cube\$ what is the ma@imum number of edges you can trace across if you never trace across the same edge twice\$ never remove the mar4er from the cube\$ ? never trace anywhere on the cube\$ e@ce3t for the corners ? edgesA Answer 9

#aEaE5s son is the youngest of all four and is blood relative of each of them. /f the 2ngineer is a female\$ then she and the *octor are blood relatives. #ut from &\$ if the *octor is a male\$ then the 2ngineer is a male. • • • /f the *octor is a male\$ then the 2ngineer is a male. #aEaE5s mother can not be the *octor. .ence\$ either Dr. There is no need to start from other corners or edges of the cube\$ as you will only be re3eating the same combinations. a!a! is the "ngineer and either his wife or his son is the Doctor. /f the 2ngineer is younger than the *octor\$ then the 2ngineer and the *octor are not blood relatives.usband 3lay -arrie and Tina5s husband at bridge. So from 3\$ if the 2ngineer is a female\$ the *octor is a male. The 3rocess is a little more involved than this\$ but is useful for solving many ty3es of s3atial 3uBBles.ence\$ Dr. Dr. -an you tell who is the *octor and the 2ngineerA Answer Mr. #aEaE5s wife and mother are not blood relatives. Fho is married to -amA Answer #arrie is married to #am. 0o wife 3artners her husband and -am does not 3lay bridge. 0ow from '\$ Dr. Dr. Sam5s wife and #illy5s . Cne of Dr. #aEaE is the 2ngineer. . Thus\$ there is a contradiction\$ if the 2ngineer is a female. Then\$ always starting from & corner ? & edge\$ you can determine all of the 3ossible combinations for tracing along the edges of a cube. #aEaE5s son is not the 2ngineer. #aEaE or his son is the 2ngineer. So the *octor is either his wife or his son . #aEaE\$ his wife\$ their son and Dr. Three men ! Sam\$ -am and +aurie ! are married to -arrie\$ #illy and Tina\$ but not necessarily in the same order.To verify this\$ you can ma4e a drawing of a cube\$ ? number each of its &' edges. So from '\$ Dr. /t is not 3ossible to determine anything further. #aEaE5s mother is an 2ngineer and another is a *octor. .

A sign!ma4er is contracted to number the houses from & to &777... /t means that after getting tractors from I their tractors got doubled.e. (\$ 4'\$ '4" Again\$ before X gave tractors to H ? I\$ they had '& ? &' tractors res3ectively and X had 3.'77"\$ '7&.e.7&.. After a month H gave as many tractors to X and I as many as they have. A certain street has &777 buildings.G /t means that Sam is not married to either #illy or -arrie.&777" .. So before I gave them tractors\$ they had &' tractors each and I had 4) tractors. At the end of this transaction each one of them had '4. Cn some day\$ X lent tractors to H and I as many as they had..377"\$ .ence\$ initially \$ had %9 tractors& ' had 21 tractors and ( had 12 tractors. *ivide &777 building numbers into grou3s of &77 each as follow1 &. After a month I did the same thing. /t5s given that at the end\$ each had '4 tractors '4\$ '4\$ '4" i. . Find the tractors each originally hadA Answer Cne way to solve it is by ma4ing 3 equations and solve them simultaneously. . &'\$ &'\$ 4)" Similarly\$ before H gave tractors to X ? I\$ they had ( ? '4 tractors res3ectively and H had 4' tractors i.GSam5s wife and #illy5s .ow many Beroes will he needA Answer The sign)ma*er will need 192 +eroes. As -am does not 3lay bridge\$ #illy5s husband must be +aurie. after I gave tractors to X ? H as many as they had. tractors i.&77"\$ &7&.. #ut there is rather easier way to solve it using #ac4tracing. Thus\$ Sam is married to Tina.usband 3lay -arrie and Tina5s husband at bridge...e.. There are 3 3ersons X\$ H and I.\$ '&\$ &'" . 3. ..ence\$ -arrie is married to -am.

Feight . Cut of which one is odd one i. .& or .  /f .&\$ . Feight .3\$ .3\$ . Feigh +' against +3. For grou3 numbers ' to .' is heavier. . o /f both are not equal\$ goto ste3 ' o /f both are equal\$ goto ste3 3 '.  /f +3 is light\$ +3 is the odd coin and is lighter.3 and .\$ he will require '7 Beroes each.&\$ .3 or . Cne of these ) coins is the odd one.' There are .' is heavy\$ .  /f +' is light\$ +' is the odd coin and is lighter. The total numbers of Beroes required are % && 8 )*'7 8 '& % && 8 &(7 8 '& % &. o /f . Ta4e ) coins and weigh 4 against 4.e weight is less or more. &.3 against . 0ame the coins on heavier side of the scale as .ow many iterations of weighing are required to find odd coinA Answer /t is always 3ossible to find odd coin in 3 weighings and to tell whether the odd coin is heavier or lighter.'\$ .&\$ . o /f both are equal\$ one of +'\$ +3\$ +4 is lighter.4\$ X" where X is one coin remaining in intial weighing.'  /f both are equal\$ there is some error.For the first grou3\$ sign!ma4er will need && Beroes. Similarly\$ name the coins on the lighter side of the scale as +&\$ +'\$ +3 and +4.5s is heavier or one of +5s is lighter.4  /f both are equal\$ +& is the odd coin and is lighter.& against .4. Feigh .4 is heavier or +& is lighter.4\$ X" is heavier side on the scale\$ either .& is heavy\$ .' is the odd coin and is heavier. And for grou3 number &7\$ he will require '& Beroes. coins. o /f .'\$ +&" is heavier side on the scale\$ either . 2ither one of .  /f both are equal\$ +4 is the odd coin and is lighter.& is the odd coin and is heavier.'\$ +&" against .  /f .

<" % ( 1 =emaining &' medals 6 8<.4 is the odd coin and is heavier.3 is heavy\$ .e.<" % ( 1 =emaining '4 medals 3 8 '&. . /f anyone 4now any other sim3ler method\$ do submit it. Cn the first day & medal and &.ow many days did the contest last\$ and how many medals were awarded altogetherA Answer Total %.3 is the odd coin and is heavier.<" % ( 1 =emaining &) medals 4 8 &4. Cn day &1 Dedals awarded % Cn day '1 Dedals awarded % Cn day 31 Dedals awarded % Cn day 41 Dedals awarded % Cn day 61 Dedals awarded % Cn day (1 Dedals awarded ( & 8 36.e. Cn the nth and last day\$ the remaining n medals were awarded. A number of .<" % ( 1 =emaining 37 medals ' 8 '). the number formed from the first n digits is divisible by n\$ 'L%nL%. in some order. o /f X is heavy\$ X is the odd coin and is heavier. &. Cn the second day ' medals and &. '. /n a s3orts contest there were m medals awarded on n successive days n J &". no digits are re3eated. The digit 7 does not occur in the number i. /f . o /f both are equal\$ there is some error. . 3.<" % ( 1 =emaining ( medals / got this answer by writing small 3rogram. Feigh X against the anyone coin used in initial weighing.  /f . 2ach digit in the number is different i.. it is com3rised only of the digits &!. da-s. Find the number.< of the now remaining medals was awardedK and so on. The remaining coin X is the odd one. medals were awarded and the contest was for . 3. digits has the following 3ro3erties1 • • • The number com3rising the leftmost two digits is divisible by '\$ that com3rising the leftmost three digits is divisible by 3\$ the leftmost four by 4\$ the leftmost five by 6\$ and so on for the nine digits of the number i.4 is heavy\$ .< of the remaining m ! & medals were awarded.e. o /f X is light\$ X is the odd coin and is lighter.

& ! &. Assume that the initial lenght of both the candle was + and Mi3ul studied for X .3"X % &. Fhat 3art of the contents of the container is left at the end of the second dayA Answer Assume that contents of the container is X Cn the first day &. For how long did Mi3ul study in candle lightA Answer 0ipul studied for % hours in candle light. The thic4 candle is su33osed to last si@ hours and the thin one two hours less.4" of '.e.Answer The answer is %81. /t was around &177 AD.e.ence &. .3"X Cn the Second day 3.4th is eva3orated.3rd is eva3orated.(" X . Further 6th 3osition will contain 6 as 7 does not occur.3" of X is remaining i.(th of the contents of the container is remaining Mi3ul was studying for his e@aminations and the lights went off.3 rd of the contents of a container eva3orated on the &st day. Fhen he finally went to slee3\$ the thic4 candle was twice as long as the thin one. 3.4" '.e lighted two uniform candles of equal length but one thic4er than the other.3"X is remaining i./729 Cne way to solve it is Trial!?!2rror. The other way to solve this 3roblem is by writing a com3uter 3rogram that systematically tries all 3ossibilities &..ence\$ &! 3. Hou can ma4e it bit easier as odd 3ositions will always occu3y C** numbers and even 3ositions will always occu3y 2M20 numbers. &. .4th of the remaining contents of the container eva3orated on the second day. '.

.u3to &)'67 terms" A wor4er earns a 6N raise.& on the first day\$ =s.6 on the third day\$ =s.( /n X hours\$ total thin candle burnt % X+. /f you started a business in which you earned =s.' ( ! X" % 3* 4 ! X" ( ! X % &' ! 3X 'X % ( X%3 .( After X hours\$ total thin candle remaining % + ! X+. ''<7'.() . A year later\$ the wor4er receives a '.00 To begin with\$ you want to 4now the total number of days1 3(6 @ 67 % &)'67...< on the fourth day\$ ? so on..ence\$ Mi3ul studied for 3 hours i.4 After X hours\$ total thic4 candle remaining % + ! X+.hours.6N cut in 3ay\$ ? now his salary is =s. /n X hours\$ total thic4 candle burnt % X+.3 on the second day\$ =s.2&.ow much would you have earned with this business after 67 years assuming there are e@actly 3(6 days in every year"A Answer 1s.(" % ' + ! X+.. &)7 minutes in candle light.\$&&.( % 4 ! X".e.4" ( ! X".4 Also\$ it is given that the thic4 candle was twice as long as the thin one when he finally went to slee3. Dulti3ly this number by the total number of 3airs . Ta4e half of the &)'67 days\$ ? 3air them u3 with the other half in the following way1 day & with day &)'67\$ day ' with day &)'4. series1 &\$3\$6\$<\$.3(677.%%%&0. #y e@3erimentation\$ the following formula can be discovered\$ ? used to determine the amount earned for any 3articular day1 & 8 ' @!&"\$ with @ being the number of the day. + ! X+.&'6"\$ ? you have the amount you would have earned in 67 years.\$ ? so on\$ ? you will see that if you add these 3airs together\$ they always equal =s. Dath gurus may use series formula to solve it.

0ow\$ total time ga3s between first and last tic4s at &'5o % && Therefore time ta4en for &' tic4s % && * ( % (( seconds and not (7 seconds" 677 men are arranged in an array of &7 rows and 67 columns according to their heights.&77" which is =s.() . .6.() X % ''&<( At (5o a cloc4 tic4s ( times. between & ? '\$ ' ? 3\$ 3 ? 4\$ 4 ? 6 and 6 ? (" So time ga3 between two tic4s % 37. ''<7'. Assume his salary was =s. seconds /t is given that the time between first and last tic4s at (5o is 37 seconds.Fhat was his salary to begin withA Answer 1s. 0ow who is taller A or # A Answer . The time between first and last tic4s is 37 seconds.&77"* .<.6. Answer . And the shortest among them is A. So his salary is &76*X".&77 A year later he receives '. And the tallest among them is #. X .e.<.&77"* .&77" % ''<7'. Total time ga3s between first and last tic4s at (5o % 6 i. Tallest among each row of all are as4ed to come out..2217.e earns 6N raise.6N cut. So his salary is &76*X".ence\$ solving equation &76*X".ow long does it tic4 at &'5o.6 % ( seconds. Similarly after resuming them to their original 3ositions\$ the shortest among each column are as4ed to come out.

Dehta\$ his son and two daughters. Dehta5s familyA Oive minimal 3ossible answer. +et5s assume that 3osition numbers re3resent their heights. 467\$ 677 is 3erson with height 67 i. Dother ? Father of Dr. As it is mentioned that 677 men are arranged in an array of &7 rows and 67 columns according to their heights. They told him\$ G/f you tell a lie\$ you will 3ut to the sword\$ and if you tell the truth you will be hanged. Similarly the tallest among &\$ '\$ 3\$ 4\$ 6\$ .G . ...ow many members are there in Dr. 4)\$ 4)\$ 67 is 3erson with height 67 i. Dehta5s family\$ there are one grandfather\$ one grandmother\$ two fathers\$ two mothers\$ one father!in!law\$ one mother!in!law\$ four children\$ three grandchildren\$ one brother\$ two sisters\$ two sons\$ two daughters and one daughter!in!law. Dehta P P Cne Son ? Two *aughters Fhen Ale@ander the Oreat attac4ed the forces of Qorus\$ an /ndian soldier was ca3tured by the Oree4s. . ? Drs. Dother ? Father of Dr. ? Drs. /n Dr. Dehta\$ Dr..e had dis3layed such bravery in battle\$ however\$ that the enemy offered to let him choose how he wanted to be 4illed..e. Dehta P P Dr.. Dehta5s family.2o one is taller& 3oth are same as A and are the same person.. . # 0ow\$ both A and # are the 3erson with height 67. .ence\$ the shortest among the 67\$ &77\$ &67\$ .e.ence both are same. A. Answer There are < members in Dr.

Fhat did he sayA Answer The soldier said\$ GHou will 3ut me to the sword. 0either the 3erson nor the cashier noticed that. After s3ending '7 3aise\$ he has double the amount he wanted to withdraw. . /f his statement is true\$ he will be hanged\$ which is not the sword and hence false. After s3ending '7 3aise\$ the 3erson counts the money. #ut cashier made a mista4e and gave him H ru3ees and X 3aise. A Qarado@ RRR A 3erson wanted to withdraw X ru3ees and H 3aise from the ban4. #ut he got &77H 8 X 3aise.e made that statement and went free. & =u3ee % &77 Qaise" Answer As given\$ the 3erson wanted to withdraw &77X 8 H 3aise. And to his sur3rise\$ he has double the amount he wanted to withdraw.ence\$ the equation is 2 * "100\$ % &# = 100& % \$ ' 20 200\$ % 2& = 100& %\$ ' 20 . . Find X and H.The soldier could ma4e only one statement. /f his statement is false\$ he will be 3ut to the sword\$ which will ma4e it true.G The soldier has to say a Qarado@ to save himself.

199\$ ' 98& = '20 98& ' 199\$ = 20 0ow\$ we got one equationK but there are ' variables..)H ! &. Fe 4now that if we interchange X ? H\$ amount gets double. .X % '7 H ! 'X % & Fe get X % '( ? H % 63 0ow\$ its obvious that he wanted to withdraw =s. Fe have to a33ly little bit of logic over here. Assume that both the 3layers are intelligent enough. Answer 6 will win the game.. The si7th mar* was \$ in s8uare 9.)H ! &. H % 'X or H % 'X8& -ase / 1 '42\$ Solving two equations simultaneously . Fho will win the game\$ C or XA -an you tell which was the si@th mar4 and at which 3ositionA *o e@3lain your answer. So H should be twice of X or one more than twice of X i.63 The game of Tic!Tac!Toe is being 3layed between two 3layers.3 ? H % ! 47.' -ase // 1 '42\$51 Solving two equations simultaneously .X % '7 H ! 'X % 7 Fe get X % ! '7.e. Cnly the last mar4 to be 3laced in the game as shown. '(.

-an you tell which one is falseA Also\$ how many men\$ women and children are there at the 3artyA Answer 9tatement :/. /nstead\$ he would have 3laced C in square 6 and would have won. There are % men& 8 women and . There were 4 of one grou3. There were ' more women than children. is false.ence\$ the si@th mar4 must be X 3laced in square . As we 4now both the 3layers are intelligent enough\$ the (th mar4 could not be C in square <. 0ote that if there were < men and 6 women\$ then there would have been 36 man! woman cou3les 3ossible. Also\$ of the three grou3s ! men\$ women and children ! at the 3arty1 4. . Thus C will win the game. There were ( of one grou3. Then from 3"\$ there are ' 3ossible cases ! either there are ) men and 3 women or there are 3 men and ) women.The <th mar4 must be 3laced in square 6 which is the win situation for both X and C.ence\$ the (th mar4 must be 3laced in a line already containing two of the o33onents mar4s. There are two such 3ossibilities ! the (th mar4 would have been either C in square < or X in square . At the Qarty1 &. .. 6. #ut then Statement '" and 3" both can not be true. Assume that Statements 4"\$ 6" and (" are all true. 3. Then\$ Statement &" is false. So Statement 4" or Statement 6" or Statement (" is false. Also\$ Statements &"\$ '" and 3" all are true. '. 2@actly one of the above ( statements is false. . (. From &" and '"\$ there are && men and women. There were ) of one grou3. The number of different man!woman cou3les 3ossible was '4. children. men and children. And the seventh mar4 will be C. There were . Thus\$ contradictory to the fact that e@actly one statement is false..

From the given data\$ we 4now that there is shortage of atleast (<8)38<3" ''3 items in every &77 houses.ence\$ there should be total 377 items i.e. Statement 4" is false. #andra is halfway between Andheri and -olaba.ence\$ atleast '74!&('" 4' houses do not have all 3 items ! tubelight\$ bulb and fan. Thus\$ 4'N houses do not have tubelight\$ bulb and fan. . +et5s assume that there are &77 houses. /f those remaining )& houses do not have ' items each\$ there would be a shortage of &(' items. houses do not have Eust one item. Dr. /t costs him =s. Subramaniam said\$ G/f you tell me the mathematically correct 3rice you should 3ay individually for your 3ortion of the tri3\$ / will let you travel for free. • atleast )3N of houses do not have bulbs. Then Statements 4" and 6" both are false\$ which is not 3ossible. Subramaniam that there were two students from #andra who wished to go from #andra to -olaba and bac4 to #andra. Cn the first day when they came\$ Dr. • e@actly &. Also\$ e@actly &. • atleast <3N of houses do not have fans. Fhat 3ercentage of houses do not have tubelight\$ bulb and fanA Answer /2< houses do not have tu3elight& 3ul3 and fan. 377 everyday.ow much should the individual student 3ay for their EourneyA . Cne day the car driver informed Dr. There is a shortage of tubelights\$ bulbs and fans in a village ! Sharghar. . Subramaniam as4ed the driver to let the students travel with him.ence\$ there are 3 men\$ ) women and ( children./f there are ) men and 3 women\$ then there is & child." '74 items. /t means that remaining )& houses should account for the shortage of remaining ''3!&. #ut total of '74 items are short. &77 tubelights\$ &77 bulbs and &77 fans. . Subramaniam rents a 3rivate car for Andheri!-olaba!Andheri tri3. /t is found that • All houses do not have either tubelight or bulb or fan.G . Dr. • atleast (<N of houses do not have tubelights.N of houses do not have Eust one of these.

ence\$ each student would 3ay =s. 67.& >4. Substitute digits for the letters to ma4e the following *ivision true ( ) * ''''''''''''' + * E . . Subramaniam is travelling.D E . . Subramanian.e. '''''''' .& (47& "48& D49 /t is obvious that >%& as >*ST2D%ST2D" and -%7 as /!-%/". . 67 for their Eourney. + * 0ote that the leftmost letter can5t be Bero in any word. . 0ote that 3 3ersons are travelling between #andra and -olaba. Also\$ there must be a one! to!one ma33ing between digits and letters. . 377 to Dr. . For #andra!-olaba!#andra\$ three 3ersons i.ence\$ half of the tri3 costs =s. &67. ( C ''''''''''''' * ) . For Andheri!#andra!Andheri\$ only one 3erson i. . + + * E . e. '''''''''' / / / E / ) . + E .Answer The individual student should 3ay =s.ence\$ he would 3ay =s. &67. Dr. Subramaniam and two students\$ are travelling.D .e Dr. The entire tri3 costs =s. if you substitute 3 for the letter D\$ no other letter can be 3 and all other D in the 3uBBle must be Answer #40& =41& 942& T4%& 64/& M4.g.

9 5 4 0 ''''''''''''' 0 1 6 2 2 0 8 5 '''''''''' 1 1 1 8 1 1 5 5 '''''''' .ence\$ their values C\$ S\$ T" must be '\$ 3 or 4 as they can not be 7 or & or greater than 4". -onsider\$ ST2D*C%*DC-\$ where -%7. ( ) * 4 1 0 ''''''''''''' + * E . . + * 6 2 0 Also\$ when arranged from 7 to . is the minutes hand of a cloc4 e@actly aligned with the hour handA Answer /?21?/9.' degrees. Also\$ . .ence\$ for X minutes it will travel ( * X degrees.D . At what time after 4. '''''''' ''''''''''''' 2 0 8 5 .ence\$ for X minutes it will travel X.77 QD\$ the angle between minute hand and hour hand is &'7 degrees.m.. . + + * E . .9 8 5 6 2 8 . '''''''''' / / / E / ) ..\$ it s3ells #=9T6M>("D. /t means that D must be 6. ( C ''''''''''''' * ) . C%4\$ S%'\$ T%3\$ 2%)\$ I%<\$ /%( and *%. Assume that X minutes after 4. At 4. For every minute\$ minute hand travels ( degrees. + E . For every minute\$ hour hand travels &. .' degrees. 0ow\$ its sim3le.D E .77 3. .S*C is a single digit and also S*T is a single digit.77 QD minute hand e@actly aligns with and hour hand.

4" " &" * & ! !&. % 4. First he wal4s one mile 2ast then half mile to 0orth.4" " " % '..4" " .4"n " % !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! & ! !&.after X minutes\$ minute hand and hour hand are e@actly aligned.4 mile to Fest\$ then &. *istance travelled in 0orth and South directions % &.4 8 &. A soldier looses his way in a thic4 Eungle.' &' * X % '47 8 X && * X % '47 X % '&.'6( ! and so on. Finally how far he is from his cam3 and in which directionA Answer The soldier is 0.(4 8 &.)&)' X % '& minutes 4..6 Similarly in 2ast and Fest directions % & ! &.4"n " % !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! & ! !&..e.4" " &.ence\$ at 41'&14.4" " % & . ' * & ! !&.6 seconds .from his camp towards "ast)2orth.'74) 8 and so on..'" * & ! !&. a geometric series with r % !&.) 8 &.89// miles awa. Therefore\$ ( * X % &'7 8 X.) mile to South and so on ma4ing a loo3. Then &.3' ! &.&') 8 &.6&' ! &.&( ! &.. /t is obvious that he is in 2ast!0orth direction. Mertical Qlane will be same.6 &! !&.6 minute hand is e@actly aligned with the hour hand.' ! &. So the angle with res3ect to &' i. At random he wal4s from his cam3 but mathematically in an interesting fashion.4" " %&. a geometric series with r % !&..

.44 miles away from his cam3.. Submitted Answer .6 8 '*2 % '( 6*= 8 '*= 8 &7*2 % &37 <*= 8 &7*2 % &37 <* 2 8 4" 8 &7*2 % &37 <*2 8 ') 8 &7*2 % &37 &<*2 % &7' 2%( .So the soldier is 4. . total &' 2ar!rings .' times as many rings as 3ins.&/8&. &(R % &( * &6 * &4 * &3 * &' * . = % 6. /t is given that\$ he has ' &.ence\$ there are ( 3airs of 2ar!rings i.6 miles away towards 2ast and '. =aE has a Eewel chest containing =ings\$ Qins and 2ar!rings. =aE has ' &. So using right angled triangle\$ soldier is 7.)... * 3 * ' * &" . The chest contains '( 3ieces./&800 wa-s There are total &( 3ieces which can be arranged on &( 3laces in &(Q&( % &(R ways.6 miles away towards 0orth.ow many ways are there of arranging the si@teen blac4 or white 3ieces of a standard international chess set on the first two rows of the boardA Oiven that each 3awn is identical and each roo4\$ 4night and bisho3 is identical to its 3air. 2 % = ! 4 or = % 2 8 4 Also\$ there are total '( 3ieces.6 And\$ the number of 3airs of earrings is 4 less than the number of rings.e. = 8 Q 8 '*2 % '( = 8 '*=".'" * Q or Q % '*=".' times as many rings as 3ins\$ and the number of 3airs of earrings is 4 less than the number of rings.ow many earrings does =aE haveA Answer 12 earrings Assume that there are = rings\$ Q 3ins and 2 3air of ear!rings.

3 for cloths %.&6" * X % '.ow many cows are needed to eat the grass in .&6" * X #ut after s3ending for travel he is left with =s.&6" * X Again\$ he s3ent &. .4 of remaining maoney for travel % &.&6" * X ! '.e is left with =s &77. )R * 'R * 'R * 'R" % (\$4)\$(4\$)77 A 3erson with some money s3ends &. 2.6 of the remaining for food and &.0@) Assume that initially he had =s.&6" * X =emaining money % ).3" * X =emaining money % '. X .ow much did he have with him in the beginingA Answer 1s.3" * X % '. . &. 2ach can be arranged in 'Q' % 'R ways. /t ta4es '4 days for <7 cows and (7 days for 37 cows to eat the whole of the grass.&6" * X % &77 X % '67 Orass in lawn grows equally thic4 and in a uniform rate. • There are ) identical 3awn\$ which can be arranged in )Q) % )R ways.( daysA Answer 20 cows g ! grass at the beginning r ! rate at which grass grows\$ 3er day y ! rate at which one cow eats grass\$ 3er day .! So (.3" * X .e s3ent &.4 of the remaining for travel.&6" * X =emaining money % '.ence\$ the require answer is % &(R" . &77. . • Similarly there are ' identical roo4s\$ ' identical 4nights and ' identical bisho3s.3" * X ! '.6" * '.e s3ent &.3 for cloths\$ &.#ut\$ there are some du3licate combinations because of identical 3ieces.4" * ).&6" * X % ).6 of remaining money for food % &.&6" * X % (.! .

'.( * y !!!!!!!!!! Solving for #!A"\$ (7 * r" ! '4 * r" % 37 * (7 * y" ! <7 * '4 * y" 3( * r % &'7 * y !!!!!!!!!! * Solving for -!#"\$ ." gives 3 3airs of &&. .ence\$ '7 cows are needed to eat the grass in . . Find the number. Answer .( days. Four friends ! ArEan\$ #huvan\$ Ouran and +a4ha were com3aring the number of shee3 that they owned. All 3ossible 3airs are '\$ .( * r" ! (7 * r" % n * .( ! 37 * (7" * y 9From *: &'7 % n * . So it must not be having 7 and & in it.\$ 3"\$ out of which only (\$ '" with 6\$ '\$ .( days From given data\$ g 8 '4*r % <7 * '4 * y !!!!!!!!!! A g 8 (7*r % 37 * (7 * y !!!!!!!!!! # g 8 . /f ArEan gave one!third to #huvan\$ and #huvan gave a quarter of what he then held to Ouran\$ who then 3assed on a fifth of his holding to +a4ha\$ they would all .ence\$ the answer is (6'."\$ 3\$ )"\$ 4\$ <"\$ 6\$ (". The 4th digit is 4 greater than the second digit\$ while the 3rd digit is 3 less than the 'nd digit. 0ow required number is 6 digit number and it contains 3 3airs of &&.( ! 37 * (7" * y &'7 * y % n * . There is a safe with a 6 digit number as the 4ey. The 3ossible combinations are 3\$ &"\$ (\$ '" and . They are 3\$ 7\$ <" or 4\$ &\$ )" or 6\$ '\$ . /t was found that Ouran had ten more shee3 than +a4ha." /t is given that there are 3 3airs whose sum is &&..( ! &)77" n % '7 .( * y" ! 37 * (7 * y" 3( * r % n * .n ! no of cows to eat the grass in .292 As 3er given conditions\$ there are three 3ossible combinations for 'nd\$ 3rd and 4th digits. There are 3 3airs whose sum is &&.(*r % n * . The &st digit is thrice the last digit." Also\$ &st digit is thrice the last digit.ence\$ the only 3ossible combination for 'nd\$ 3rd and 4th digits is 6\$ '\$ .

.(7 8 A.7 8 + as #%6A.3( 8 &&A.'7 8 O.3 % A.3 % A.6 8 + 'A. O % + 8 &7 &&A.have an equal number of shee3.&6 8 #.6 as #%6A.3 % A.3 % A.6 8 4O.(7 8 #. sheep respectivel-. and O%&&A.# 6A % .&6 8 A.# ArEan5s shee3 % Ouran5s shee3 'A. ArEan5s shee3 % #huvan5s shee3 'A.0& ..' 8 &7 .ow many shee3 did each of them 3ossessA Oive the minimal 3ossible answer Answer Ar!an& huvan& Auran and Ba*ha had 90& . Assume that ArEan\$ #huvan\$ Ouran and +a4ha had A\$ #\$ O and + shee3 res3ectively." 37A % 3A 8 6A 8 3(O ''A % 3(O &&A % &)O ArEan5s shee3 % +a4ha5s shee3 'A.3 % A. and /.4 8 3#. As it is given that at the end each would have an equal number of shee3\$ com3aring the final numbers from the above table..&) % A. 8 4O.6 'A.3 % A.' % + A % '+ Also\$ it is given that Ouran had ten more shee3 than +a4ha. .4 )A % 3A 8 .&)" 'A.( 8 + A...

ow many such 3!digit numbers are thereA Answer There are /. /f the last digit is 4\$ the 3ossible numbers are 474\$ 3&4\$ ''4 and &34. Answer The answer is 28. 67 shee3\$ Ouran had &&A.e. .... Find the smallest number such that if its rightmost digit is 3laced at its left end\$ the new number so formed is 3recisely 67N larger than the original number. .7 shee3\$ #huvan had 6A.e. -onsider a number '36\$ where last digit is the sum of first two digits i. 66 shee3 and +a4ha had A.&) i. ' 8 3 % 6.e. /f the last digit is &\$ the only 3ossible number is &7&.e. /f the last digit is 6\$ there are five numbers. different %)digit num3ers. % 46 Altogether then\$ there are 46 different 3!digit numbers\$ where last digit is the sum of first two digits. /f the last digit is 4\$ there are four numbers.71/.. Thus\$ total numbers are & 8 ' 8 3 8 4 8 6 8 ( 8 < 8 ) 8 . % &7 A % . /f the last digit is 3\$ there are three numbers..A. /f the last digit is '\$ there are two numbers. The last digit can not be 7. 0ote the 3attern here ! /f the last digit is &\$ there is only one number.. /f its rightmost digit is 3laced at its left end\$ then new number is 4')6<& which is 67N larger than the original number ')6<&4. 46 shee3. /f the last digit is 6\$ the 3ossible numbers are 676\$ 4&6\$ 3'6\$ '36 and &46.' i.7 shee3 Thus\$ ArEan had . /f the last digit is 3\$ the 3ossible numbers are 373\$ '&3 and &'3. 0ote that 7&& is not a 3! digit number" /f the last digit is '\$ the 3ossible numbers are '7' and &&'. And so on. i.

earts from Qac4 A % &.earts is not to be drawn" Qrobability of having Sing of . A!J#\$ #!J-\$ -!JA '.'3<) There are 3 ants at 3 corners of a triangle\$ they randomly start moving towards another corner. 6& * 63" % 6' . &.63 So total 3robability of case & % &. 6& * 63" #A9" 2 ? Sing of .6&" * '.6& as Tueen of .63 So total 3robability of case ' % 67. Fhat is the 3robability that they don5t collideA Answer +et5s mar4 the corners of the triangle as A\$#\$-. A!J#\$ #!JA\$ -!JA .63" % 67 .2 @ 270% There are two cases to be considered.7&. #A9" 1 ? Sing of . And the other way is trial and error RRR Two identical 3ac4 of cards A and # are shuffled throughly. A!J#\$ #!J-\$ -!J# 3.63" % ' . The to3 card from 3ac4 A is turned u3. Cne card is 3ic4ed from A and shuffled with #.eartsA Answer .earts\$ what are the chances that the to3 card in # will be the Sing of .The sim3lest way is to write a small 3rogram. '<73 % 7.6& as Tueen of . /f this is the Tueen of .6&" * &.earts is drawn from Qac4 A and shuffled with Qac4 # Qrobability of drawing Sing of .earts is not to be drawn" Qrobability of having Sing of . There are total ) ways in which ants can move. 6& * 63" 8 67 .earts from Qac4 A % 67. 6& * 63" % 6' .earts is not drawn from Qac4 A Qrobability of not drawing Sing of .earts on the to3 of the Qac4 # % &. 6& * 63" 0ow adding both the 3robability\$ the required 3robability is % ' .earts on the to3 of the Qac4 # % '.

8 !&" 8 7 8 & 8 ' 8 .e. to &777.e.. 8(7 8 (& 8 (' 8 (3 8 (4 8 (6 8 (( 8 (< 8 () 8 (. !.. 8 67 8 6& 8 6' % &777 (. ') 8 '. <.< i.e. Sum of & number starting from &777. !&...e. Sum of '777 numbers starting from !. summation of numbers from ') to 6'.. Sum of 6 numbers starting from &.. Sum of )7 numbers starting from !'< i... Sum of 477 numbers starting from !&. !'<" 8 !'(" 8 !'6" 8 ... Sum of '6 numbers starting from ') i.. 8 &.(" 8 !&.. 8 &777 % &777 '..e. 8 67 8 6& 8 6' % &777 6. 6. Sum of &'6 numbers starting from !64 i. 8 47 8 4& 8 4' 8 43 8 44 8 46 8 4( 8 4< 8 4) 8 4.... . 8 !&" 8 7 8 & 8 ' 8 ..6" 8 ...) i.e. 8 37 8 3& 8 3' 8 33 8 34 8 36 8 3( 8 3< 8 3) 8 3. 8 .)" 8 !... 8 () 8 (..) to '7'. summation of numbers from !&.. &777 % &777 There is a 4!character code\$ with ' of them being letters and the other ' being numbers.< to '7'. Sum of &( numbers starting from 66 i.< 8 .. 8 !&" 8 7 8 & 8 ' 8 .. 8 <7 % &777 4. 8 '77 8 '7& 8 '7' % &777 3.... 66 8 6( 8 6< 8 6) 8 6. !64" 8 !63" 8 !6'" 8 . summation of numbers from 66 to <7.<" 8 .<" 8 !&.... 8 '77 8'7& 8 '7' % &777 ).. 8 <7 % &777 <.... i.) 8 . summation of numbers from !'< to 6'.e. (. A!J#\$ #!JA\$ -!J# A!J-\$ -!J#\$ #!JA A!J-\$ -!J#\$ #!JA!J-\$ -!JA\$ #!JA A!J-\$ -!JA\$ #!J- Cut of which\$ there are only two cases under which the ants won5t collide 1 • • A!J#\$ #!J-\$ -!JA A!J-\$ -!J#\$ #!JA Answer There are total ) such series1 &. ).. summation of numbers from !64 to <7. 8 !&" 8 7 8 & 8 ' 8 ...... &... summation of numbers from !.) 8 &... summation of numbers from &.4." 8 !..

#ut if you get all but one of the corner cube into chosen 3ositions and orientations\$ only one of 3 orientations of the final corner cube is 3ossible. ( different ways ! the number of unique 3atterns that can be formed by lining u3 4 obEects of which ' are distinguished one way i. they must be letters" and the other ' are distinguished another way i. -onsider an e@am3le 1 +et5s assume that U re3resents letter and V re3resents number./012 C 10D/. the ( 3ossible ways of arranging them are 1 UUVV\$ UVUV\$ UVVU\$ VUUV\$ VUVU\$ VVUU . Thus\$ total ways corner cubes can be 3laced % )R" * 3W)". 2ach of these ) cubes can be turned in 3 different directions\$ so there are 3W) orientations altogether..( million a33ro@.e.e. There are ) corner cubes\$ which can be arranged in )R ways. Than4s to Tim Sanders for o3ening #rainMista5s brain RRR . they must be numbers". +et5s consider 3@3@3 =ubics first.&22&/00 There are 6' 3ossible letters ! a to B and A to I\$ and &7 3ossible numbers ! 7 to .ence\$ the required answer is % 6'*6'*&7*&7*( % &(\$''\$477 attem3ts % &. Answer The ma7imum num3er of attempts re8uired are 1.ow many ma@imum attem3ts would be necessary to find the correct codeA 0ote that the code is case!sensitive.e.) % )R" * 3W<" ..2 C 10D19 possi3le com3inations for %7%7% 1u3ics and 7. These 4 characters can be arranged in 4-' i.%2.ow many 3ossible combinations are there in a 3@3@3 rubics cubeA /n other words\$ if you wanted to solve the rubics cube by trying different combinations\$ how many might it ta4e you worst case senerio"A .ow many for a 4@4@4 cubeA Submitted Answer There are /. possi3le com3inations for /7/7/ 1u3ics. 0ow\$ 4 characters ! ' letters and ' numbers\$ can be selected in 6'*6'*&7*&7 ways.

4RW(". 2ach of these &' cubes can be turned in ' different directions\$ so there are 'W&' orientations altogether.3'6' * &7W&. E E ''''''''''''''''' A 5 ( 2 E 0ote that the leftmost letter can5t be Bero in any word. Answer A tough oneRRR . '4R" . #ut 3attern on one side is rotated in 4 directions over ( faces\$ hence divide by '4. Substitute digits for the letters to ma4e the following relation true. Thus if you get all but two cubes in 3lace\$ there is only one attainable choice for them not 'R".() * &7W46 0ote that there are '4 edge cubes\$ which you can not turn in ' orientations hence no 'W'4 .' % &'R" * 'W&&" . Thus\$ total ways edge cubes can be 3laced % &'R" * 'W&'". ' % )R" * 3W<" * &'R" * 'W&7" % 4. Also\$ there are 4 center cubes 3er face i. '". . '4 % <. #ut if you get all but one of the edge cube into chosen 3ositions and orientations\$ only one of ' orientations of the final edge cube is 3ossible.Similarly\$ &' edge cubes can be arranged in &'R ways. 4RW(": . Hou can switch ' cubes without affecting the rest of the combination as 4*4*4 has even dimensions hence no division by '".47&&. e.g. if you substitute 3 for the letter D\$ no other letter can be 3 and all other D in the 3uBBle must be 3. Similarly\$ for 4@4@4 =ubics total different 3ossible combinations are % 9 )R" * 3W<": * 9 '4R": * 9 '4R" . /n reality\$ we can only move cubes around by turning the faces of the cubes. 2 E 3 E 4 5 % E A 3 .e. Total different 3ossible combinations are % 9 )R" * 3W<": * 9 &'R" * 'W&&": .ence\$ we must divide by '.ere\$ we have essentially 3ulled the cubes a3art and stuc4 cubes bac4 in 3lace wherever we 3lease. /t turns out that you can5t turn the faces in such a way as to switch the 3ositions of two cubes while returning all the others to their original 3ositions. Also\$ there must be a one! to!one ma33ing between digits and letters.

ence\$ the singer must be a woman. Mr. &. -linton is older than his wife and Dady is older than his sister.her occu3ationA Answer #ind. 3. '. #A9" > 1 Singer is a woman and *ancer is also a woman Then\$ the dancer is Doni4a and the singer is -indy. -linton and the singer is -indy. .Since = 8 2 8 2 % &7 8 2\$ it is clear that = 8 2 % &7 and neither = nor 2 is equal to 7 or 6. #A9" >> 1 Singer is a woman and *ancer is also a man Then\$ the dancer is Dr. 6. 2 5 % E E 3 A E 3 . From 3" and 4"\$ if the singer is a man\$ then the dancer must be a man. /n both the cases\$ we 4now that -indy is the Singer. . Fhose occu3ation do you 4nowA And what is his. /f the dancer is a woman\$ then the dancer is older than the singer. 0ow use trial!n!error method. From &" and 3"\$ the singer and the dancer\$ both can not be a man. /f the singer is a man\$ then the singer and the dancer are the same age. 4 E E % 2 0 1 1 4 5 1 4 6 9 1 1 ''''''''''''''''' A 5 ( 2 E ''''''''''''''''' 5 0 0 2 1 Cne of the four 3eo3le ! Dr. -linton or Doni4a is the *ancer. #linton or Moni*a is the Dancer. /f the singer and the dancer are the same se@\$ then the dancer is older than the singer. -linton\$ his wife Doni4a\$ their son Dandy and their daughter -indy ! is a singer and another is a dancer. /f neither the singer nor the dancer is the 3arent of the other\$ then the singer is older than the dancer. /f the singer and the dancer are of o33osite se@ then the man is older than the woman. 4.is the 9inger. This is the only entry 3oint to solve it. Dr. And either Dr.

* (.. people with at least 1 pair of identical twins is 2.< * '.( 2o of wa-s to hire A2 &7-6 &7-4 &7-3 &7-' &7-& &7-7 Total Total wa-s '6' '&77 4)77 3(77 )77 3' 11. 0ow\$ divide '7 3eo3le into two grou3s of &7 3eo3le each 1 O& ! with all twins O' ! with all 3eo3le other than twins +et5s find out all 3ossible ways to hire 6 3eo3le without a single 3air of indentical twins.There are '7 3eo3le in your a33licant 3ool\$ including 6 3airs of identical twins. &7-3 * ).) * 4.to hire .ence\$ the 3robability to hire 6 3eo3le with at least a single 3air of indentical twins % 3.(..')N .28< 6 3eo3le from the '7 3eo3le can be hired in '7-6 % &6674 ways.) &7-4 * ). Eeople from A1 7 & ' 3 4 6 Eeople from A2 6 4 3 ' & 7 2o of wa-s to hire A1 without a single pair of indentical twins &7-7 &7-& &7-' * ). /f you hire 6 3eo3le randomly\$ what are the chances you will hire at least & 3air of identical twinsA 0eedless to say\$ this could cause trouble K"" Submitted Answer The pro3a3ilit.'6') % '6..'7.) * 4.. % 7.'7 ways ...8/ Thus\$ total 3ossible ways to hire 6 3eo3le without a single 3air of indentical twins % &&6)4 ways So\$ total 3ossible ways to hire 6 3eo3le with at least a single 3air of indentical twins % &6674 ! &&6)4 % 3. * (.< &7-6 * ).&6674 % '46. * (.

6 or 7. There is e@actly one way to ma4e change for every amount. +et5s generalised the teaser and ma4e a table as shown above.e. room number starts with either &\$ ' or 3. & cent row. rooms only .7.467 i. 0ow 3lace your 3en on the 3age\$ draw 4 straight lines and try and cover all the dots. /f you wish to ma4e change for <6 cents using only &\$ 6\$ &7 and '6 cent coins\$ go to the . as room number &77 is not there" 0ow out of those '. Cut of which '. Then calculate the 6 cents row by adding the number of ways to ma4e change . 0ote1 *on5t be confined by the dimensions of the square. The table can be created from left!to!right and to3!to!bottom. There are 292 wa-s to ma*e change for a dollar using coins of 1& .& 10& 2. .'7 *raw .0 cents. dots on a 3age\$ in the sha3e of three rows of three dots to form a square.. and ..'6 row and the <6 column to obtain &'& ways to do this.e. Start with the to3 left i. &. A room is chosen at random. Fhat is the 3robability that room number starts with &\$ ' or 3 and ends with 4\$ 6 or (A Answer There are total 467 rooms. Submitted Assume that you have enough coins of &\$ 6\$ &7\$ '6 and 67 cents. Hou5re not allowed to lift your 3en.7 room numbers end with 4\$ 6 or ( So the 3robability is .ow many ways are there to ma4e change for a dollarA *o e@3lain your answer./n a hotel\$ rooms are numbered from &7& to 667.

e also finished the race &' minutes after the first and 3 minutes before the third. * <6 cents change using coins u3to '6 cent % &'& ways * <6!67" '6 cents change using coins u3to 67 cent % &3 ways * <6 cents change using coins u3to 67 cent % &'&8&3 % &34 ways For 3eo3le who don5t want to tease their brain and love to do com3uter 3rogramming\$ there is a sim3le way. /n a =oad =ace\$ one of the three bi4ers was doing &64m less than the first and 34m more than the third. +et5s ta4e an e@am3le1 To get change for 67 cents using &\$ 6 and &7 cent coins. * 67 cents change using & and 6 cent coins % && ways * 67!&7" 47 cents change using &\$ 6 and &7 cent coins % '6 ways * 67 cents change using &\$ 6 and &7 cent coins % &&8'6 % 3( ways +et5s ta4e another e@am3le1 To get change for <6 cents using all coins u3 to 67 cent i. -an you find out the s3eed of each bi4er\$ the time ta4en by each bi4er to finish the race and the length of the courseA Assume that there were no sto3s in the race and also they were driving with constant s3eeds through out the Answer . .for the amount using & cent coins 3lus the number of ways to ma4e change for 6 cents less using & and 6 cent coins.e.8 '6* 8 672 % &77 where\$ A % 7 to &77 # % 7 to '7 .% 7 to &7 * % 7 to 4 2 % 7 to ' The 3rogram should out3ut all the 3ossible values of A\$ #\$ -\$ * and 2 for which the equation is satisfied. &\$ 6\$ &7\$ '6 and 67 cents coins. Frite a small multi!loo3 3rogram to solve the equation1 A 8 6# 8 &7.

Time ta4en by Second bi4er\$ T' % <' Din.T 4m. #y solving above ( equations we get\$ Time ta4en by first bi4er\$ T& % (7 Din.+et us assume that S3eed of First bi4er % M& 4m.min Total time ta4e by first bi4er % T& min Total distance % S 4m 0ow as 3er the data given in the teaser\$ at a time T min \$1 = 31 * * ''''6 1 \$1 ' 15 = 32 * * \$1 ' 18 = 30 * * At a *istance S Sm.7. Time ta4en by first bi4er\$ T3 % <6 Din.min S3eed of Second bi4er % M' 4m.min S3eed of Third bi4er % M3 4m. + = 31 * *1 + = 32 * "*1 % 12# + = 30 * "*1 % 15# ''''6 2 ''''6 0 ''''6 4 ''''6 5 ''''6 6 Thus there are ( equations and < un4nown data that means it has infinite number of solutions.min . Also\$ we get S3eed of first bi4er\$ M& % .

3 of the second.T 4m Thus\$ for the data given\$ only the time ta4en by each bi4er can be found i.3 of the second\$ the third is the sum of the first and second\$ and the last is three times the secondA Answer The / digit num3er is 1%/9. ' and ( 3. & and 3 '. Also\$ the last digit is three times the second\$ which rules out the second o3tion. & 8 3 % 4 '.6"M& % <'.T 4m. /t is given that the first digit is &. So we are left with only two o3tions.S3eed of second bi4er\$ M' % 6. (7\$ <' and <6 minutes. 0ow\$ the third digit is the sum of the first and second digits. either T or M& or M' or M3 Than4s to Theertham Srinivas for the answer RRR Fhat is the four!digit number in which the first digit is &.e. 3 8 . ' 8 ( % ) 3.min Also\$ the length of the course\$ S % 6477.e.("M& % <6. % &' /t is clear that o3tion 3 is not 3ossible..ence\$ the answer is &34. . /t is given that ! G*ifference between #holu5s and Dolu5s age is ' yearsG G*ifference between Dolu5s and Solu5s age is 6 yearsG . For other quantities\$ one more inde3endent datum is required i. Fhat is the ma@imum 3ossible value of the sum of the difference in their ages\$ ta4en two at a timeA Answer The ma7imum possi3le value of the sum of the difference in their ages ) ta*en two at a time ) is 1/ -ears. 3 and . *ifference between #holu5s and Dolu5s age is ' years and the difference between Dolu5s and Solu5s age is 6 years. &. There are 3 such 3ossibilities. &.min S3eed of third bi4er\$ M3 % 4.T 4m.

Answer 2 ? 11 *ro3 the digit in the tens 3osition from the first number.e remove left digit from first '"\$ right digit from second 7"\$ left digit from third 3" and right digit from forth 4". Then\$ the difference between #holu5s and Solu5s age is < years. '6 ! ' % '" 3 dro3 left digit i. Answer 1 ? 9 Sim3ly re3lace the first number by its square root. 3 % ' & 4" 4 ! 3 % && Hou will get the same answer on removing left and right digit alternatively from the first number i. '" 6 ! ' % 3 & 7" 7 @ ' % '7 3" ( .e. . 3 % ' &44" &' ! 3 % . /f it is given that1 '6 ! ' % 3 &77 @ ' % '7 3( . 3 % &" ' dro3 left digit i.e. 3 % ' Fhat is &44 ! 3 % A Submitted Answer There are 3 3ossible answers to it. Dolu5s age should be in between #holu5s and Solu5s age. &" .e. '" 6 ! ' % 3 &7 7" @ ' % '7 3" ( . '" &77 * ' % '7 7" dro3 right digit i.e. 7" 3( .ence\$ the ma@imum 3ossible value of the sum of the difference in their ages ! ta4en two at a time ! is ' 8 6 8 <" &4 years.e. 3 % ' &4 4" ! 3 % && Answer % ? 1/ *ro3 left and right digit alternatively from the actual answer.0ow\$ to get the ma@imum 3ossible value\$ the difference between #holu5s and Solu5s age should be ma@imum i. '6" 6 ! ' % 3 &77" &7 @ ' % '7 3(" ( . &" &44 ! 3 % &4 &" dro3 right digit i.

''\$ '3\$ 3' or 33 which means that there are four 3ossible numbers ! ''4\$ '3(\$ 3'( and 33. .(.A 3 digit number is such that it5s unit digit is equal to the 3roduct of the other two digits which are 3rime. Thus\$ first two digits must be either ' or 3 i. Fhat is the sum of the three digitsA Answer The re8uired num3er is 2%. There are 4 mugs 3laced u3turned on the table.ence\$ there are 4 marbles under each mug. . 0ote that & is neither 3rime nor com3osite. At >niversity of Qrobability\$ there are 3<6 freshmen\$ '.ence\$ the sum of the three digits is &&. Cnly one of the statement is correct.e. As it is given that only one of the four statement is correct\$ the correct number can not a33ear in more than one statement.(. 0ow\$ it is also given that ! the difference between it5s reverse and itself is 3. Fhat 3ercent chance is there that it will be a EuniorA =ound to the nearest whole 3ercent Answer 19< .. The statements are1 Two or Three\$ Cne or Four\$ Three or Cne\$ Cne or Two. Also\$ the difference between it5s reverse and itself is 3. /f it a33ears in more than one statement\$ then more than one statement will be correct. Cne student will randomly be chosen to receive an award.e. Also\$ the third digit is the multi3lication of the first two digits. /t is given that the first two digits of the required number are 3rime numbers i. and the sum is 11. .ow many marbles are there under each mugA Answer A sim3le one. Cnly '3( satisfies this condition.3 so3homores\$ &)< Euniors\$ ? &'( seniors. '\$ 3\$ 6 or <. 2ach mug have the same number of marbles and a statement about the number of marbles in it.

/t5s never done. Then\$ whatever the first letter is\$ the second letter will always be from the remaining 6 letters as same letter can not be used twice"\$ and the third letter always be from the remaining 4 letters\$ and so on. .)&"\$ ? then multi3ly the number by &77 to convert to a 3ercentage. First digit can be dialed in &7 ways. Second digit can be dialed in &7 ways. Third digit can be dialed in &7 ways.e. Answer 1 in 10&000&000 There are &7 digits i.e.N /f you were to dial any < digits on a tele3hone in random order\$ what is the 3robability that you will dial your own 3hone numberA Assume that your tele3hone number is <!digits. #ut while dialing in random order\$ that is one of the 3ossible <!digit number which you may dial.ence the answer is &)<. Thus\$ <!digit can be dialed in &7*&7*&7*&7*&7*&7*&7 %&7\$777\$777" ways. ... <'7 ways. And\$ you have Eust one tele3hone number. /t is a sim3le 3ermutation 3roblem of arranging ( letters to get different si@!letter words. 0ote that 7&'346( may not be a valid <!digit tele3hone number. And it can be done in in (R ways i. /n otherwords\$ the first letter can be any of the given ( letters A through F".. The tribe has a taboo against using the same letter twice in the same word. And so on..ma7imum of 720 si7)letter words. The waiter led them to a round table with si@ chairs.. Thus\$ the different 3ossible si@!letter words are (*6*4*3*'*& % <'7 Sate\$ *emi\$ Dadona\$ Sharon\$ #ritney and 0icole decided to lunch together in a restaurant. 7!.This 3uBBle is easy.ence\$ the 3ossibility that you will dial your own number is & in &7\$777\$777. An anthro3ologist discovers an isolated tribe whose written al3habet contains only si@ letters call the letters A\$ #\$ -\$ *\$ 2 and F". *ivide the number of Euniors &)<" by the total number of students . /f each different sequence of letters constitues a different word in the language\$ what is the ma@imum number of si@!letter words that the language can em3loyA Submitted Answer The language can emplo.. .)&"*&77 % &.

4&((4 % & . 3<' % 7. The first 3erson can sit on any one of the seats. 3 bloc4s out of ) bloc4s in diagonal can be chosen in )-3 ways. -onsider one of them. So 3 bloc4s can be chosen out of (4 in (4-3 ways.77'()) Fhat is the area of the triangle A#. Fhat is the 3robability that they are in the same diagonalA Answer There are total of (4 bloc4s on a chessboard. Thus\$ total different 3ossible seating arrangements are %6*4*3*'*& % &'7 3 bloc4s are chosen randomly on a chessboard. 0ote that on a round table A#-*2F and #-*2FA is the same. 0ow\$ for the second 3erson there are 6 o3tions\$ for the third 3erson there are 4 o3tions\$ for the forth 3erson there are 3 o3tions\$ for the fifth 3erson there are ' o3tions and for the last 3erson there is Eust one o3tion.3e\$63"A where 3 % Q/ 3.ow many different ways can they seatA Answer There are 120 different possi3le seating arrangments.'(64" Answer .&4&6. #ut there are ' such diagonals\$ hence favourables % ' * )-3 % ' * 6( % &&' The require 3robability is % &&' . So the sam3le s3ace is % 4&((4 There are ' diagonal on chessboard each one having ) bloc4s..with A e\$3" # 'e\$33" and .

#ut she said\$ G/ weigh '. Sgs is the other half.' '*X % 6) 8 X X % 6) Sgs -onsider the sum1 A#. . and XXX has a remainder of 7\$ 3\$ or (.ence area of triangle is 7. 8 . Oiven 3 3oints are colinear. /t means that '.A tric4y C02.8 Fgs.G . Silu said\$ G/ weigh 6& Sgs.ow much do you weighAG Deenu re3lied that she wouldn5t reveal her weight directly as she is overweight.8 *2F 8 O. . Silu and Deenu were wal4ing on the road. XXX % A#./ % XXX /f different letters re3resent different digits\$ and there are no leading Beros\$ what does X re3resentA Answer The value of G must 3e 9. Since there are no leading Beros\$ X must be <\$ )\$ or . Solving mathematically\$ let5s assume that her weight is X Sgs. X % '. .ow much does Deenu weighA Answer Meenu weighs .. . Sgs 3lus half of her own weight...8 *2F 8 O.. Also\$ note that 7 8 & 8 . has a remainder of 7 after dividing by . is the same as the remainder left after dividing the sum of the digits of that number by .ence\$ it is a straight line. Sgs 3lus half of my weight. So she weighs 6) Sgs./ % &4A 8 '6A 8 3(A % <AA" 0ow\$ the remainder left after dividing any number by . 8 X. /t is given that Deenu weighs '.

ow can he use both buc4ets to get e@actly ( gallons of waterA 0ote that he cannot estimate by dum3ing some of the water out of the . gallon buc4et as #uc4et T.orsesG into nine stables. 6peration /nitially Fill the buc4et T with . is the only number from <\$ ) and . 6 6 & & 7 . /t says the man wants to fit GTen .ow can he fit Ten horses into nine stablesA Submitted Answer The answer is sim3le.orses and nine stables as shown here. . gallon water Qour 4 gallon water from buc4et T to buc4et Q 2m3ty buc4et Q Qour 4 gallon water from buc4et T to buc4et Q 2m3ty buc4et Q Qour & gallon water from buc4et T to buc4et Q / gallon 3uc*et 9 gallon 3uc*et : uc*et E.ence\$ it follows that X must be ... . A man has Ten . So you can 3ut one letter each in all nine stables. . that leaves a remainder of 7\$ 3\$ or ( if you remove it from the sum 7 8 & 8 . 8 .orsesG.. There are nine letters in the 3hrase GTen . 78 78 78 78 78 78 78 78 78 The man wants to fit Ten .. gallon buc4et or the 4 gallon buc4et Answer For the sac4 of e@3lanation\$ let5s identify 4 gallon buc4et as #uc4et Q and .orses into nine stables.e needs e@actly ( gallons of water. gallon buc4et and a 4 gallon buc4et.The number . 7*8 7E8 728 798 7(8 748 7+8 7E8 7+8 A man is at a river with a . 7 7 4 7 4 7 & 7 . : uc*et H. .

# 8 = 8 A 8 / 8 0 % 3& from first row" Answer 47& 14.Fill the buc4et T with .& A4/& >4. and 249 Da4e total &7 equations ! 6 for rows and 6 for columns ! and sovle them.. ( . # 8 ' # ! &" 8 '/ % '. e. Also\$ the numbers on the last raw re3resent the sum of the values re3resented by the characters in that column. 2ach of the five characters in the word #=A/0 has a different value between 7 and . 3# 8 '/ % 3& 3 / 8 '" 8 '/ % 3& . # 8 '= 8 '/ % '. A 01 02 00 20 01 29 25 21 29 The numbers on the e@treme right re3resent the sum of the values re3resented by the characters in that row. 4 4 A B A B B A A A B . gallon water Qour 3 gallon water from buc4et T to buc4et Q & 4 . gallon buc4et contains ( gallon of water\$ as required. >sing the given grid\$ can you find out the value of each characterA B 4 A . 2 01 B 2 2 . B . .g. From =ow3 and =ow4\$ 08/8A8#8#%08/8#8A8/8' #%/8' From =ow& and =ow3\$ #8=8A8/80%08/8A8#8#!& =%#!& From -olumn'\$ = 8 # 8 / 8 / 8 = % '.

Submit Answer Users Answer (24) BrainV There are .&\$ . Cne of these ) coins is the odd one. 0ame the coins on heavier side of the scale as . o /f both are equal\$ one of +'\$ +3\$ +4 is lighter. 2ither one of . Ta4e ) coins and weigh 4 against 4.ow many iterations of weighing are required to find odd coinA Answer /t is always 3ossible to find odd coin in 3 weighings and to tell whether the odd coin is heavier or lighter.5s is heavier or one of +5s is lighter. Feigh +' against +3.3\$ .  /f +' is light\$ +' is the odd coin and is lighter.  /f +3 is light\$ +3 is the odd coin and is lighter.'\$ +&" against .&\$ .e weight is less or more. Feigh .ence\$ #%< and =%( From =ow'\$ # 8 # 8 = 8 # 8 A % 3& 3# 8 = 8 A % 3& 3 <" 8 ( 8 A % 3& A%4 From =ow&\$ # 8 = 8 A 8 / 8 0 % 3& < 8 ( 8 4 8 6 8 0 % 3& 0%. .3 and . Thus\$ #%<\$ =%(\$ A%4\$ /%6 and 0%.'\$ .6/ % '6 /%6 .  /f both are equal\$ +4 is the odd coin and is lighter. . Cut of which one is odd one i. coins. &.4. o /f both are not equal\$ goto ste3 ' o /f both are equal\$ goto ste3 3 '.4\$ X" where X is one coin remaining in intial weighing. Similarly\$ name the coins on the lighter side of the scale as +&\$ +'\$ +3 and +4.

4  /f both are equal\$ +& is the odd coin and is lighter. 3. o /f both are equal\$ there is some error. da-s. /f anyone 4now any other sim3ler method\$ do submit it. Cn day &1 Dedals awarded % Cn day '1 Dedals awarded % Cn day 31 Dedals awarded % Cn day 41 Dedals awarded % Cn day 61 Dedals awarded % Cn day (1 Dedals awarded ( & 8 36.'  /f both are equal\$ there is some error.  /f .ow many days did the contest last\$ and how many medals were awarded altogetherA Answer Total %.4\$ X" is heavier side on the scale\$ either . o /f X is heavy\$ X is the odd coin and is heavier.4 is heavier or +& is lighter.<" % ( 1 =emaining &) medals 4 8 &4.<" % ( 1 =emaining &' medals 6 8<. 3. A number of . Cn the nth and last day\$ the remaining n medals were awarded. medals were awarded and the contest was for .4 is the odd coin and is heavier.3 against .& against . o /f X is light\$ X is the odd coin and is lighter.& is heavy\$ .o /f . digits has the following 3ro3erties1 .3\$ . Cn the second day ' medals and &.' is heavier. The remaining coin X is the odd one.4 is heavy\$ . '.<" % ( 1 =emaining 37 medals ' 8 ').' is the odd coin and is heavier.&\$ .'\$ +&" is heavier side on the scale\$ either .  /f .  /f .3 is the odd coin and is heavier.<" % ( 1 =emaining '4 medals 3 8 '&.& or .3 or .<" % ( 1 =emaining ( medals / got this answer by writing small 3rogram. Feight .' is heavy\$ .< of the now remaining medals was awardedK and so on. .3 is heavy\$ .& is the odd coin and is heavier. Feigh X against the anyone coin used in initial weighing.  /f . /n a s3orts contest there were m medals awarded on n successive days n J &". Cn the first day & medal and &. &.< of the remaining m ! & medals were awarded. o /f . Feight .

Further 6th 3osition will contain 6 as 7 does not occur.e. 3./729 Cne way to solve it is Trial!?!2rror. the number formed from the first n digits is divisible by n\$ 'L%nL%. /f you as4 the same question to two different 3eo3le then that counts as two questions".4" of '. &. 2ach digit in the number is different i.4" '. Hou have to figure out who is who /0 C0+H ' T>2ST/C0S.(th of the contents of the container is remaining There are four 3eo3le in a room not including you". Hour questions have to be H2S or 0C questions and can only be answered by one 3erson.ence\$ &! 3.3"X Cn the Second day 3.4th of the remaining contents of the container eva3orated on the second day. See3 in mind that all four 4now each other5s characteristics whether they lie or .3"X is remaining i.e.e. Fhat 3art of the contents of the container is left at the end of the second dayA Answer Assume that contents of the container is X Cn the first day &.4th is eva3orated. The other way to solve this 3roblem is by writing a com3uter 3rogram that systematically tries all 3ossibilities.3 rd of the contents of a container eva3orated on the &st day. . Hou can ma4e it bit easier as odd 3ositions will always occu3y C** numbers and even 3ositions will always occu3y 2M20 numbers. 2@actly two of these four always tell the truth. The other two always lie.. '.3" of X is remaining i.3"X % &.e. The digit 7 does not occur in the number i.(" X . & ! &.e. &. it is com3rised only of the digits &!.ence &.• • • The number com3rising the leftmost two digits is divisible by '\$ that com3rising the leftmost three digits is divisible by 3\$ the leftmost four by 4\$ the leftmost five by 6\$ and so on for the nine digits of the number i. no digits are re3eated. Find the number.3rd is eva3orated. Answer The answer is %81. in some order..

(4"*&77: that e@actly ' balls will be red.not. There is a 4.at is not red. The +ottery -ommission chooses && from those )7 numbers\$ again no re3etition.7('6N -onsider a state lottery where you get to choose ) numbers from & to )7\$ no re3etiton allowed. There is thus a slightly better than &4N chance 9 . of these\$ e@actly ' of the balls will be red. There are 3 scenarios where e@actly 3 balls are red1 1 2 0 ''''''''''' 4 4 \$ 4 \$ 4 \$ 4 4 \$ is an: !all t. Ta4e the first one\$ for e@am3le1 '6N chance the first ball is red\$ multi3lied by a '6N chance the second ball is red\$ multi3lied by a <6N chance the third ball is not red. Hou win the lottery if atleast < of your numbers are there in the && chosen by the +ottery -ommission. A much faster way to solve the 3roblem is to loo4 at it this way. /f you were blindfolded\$ ? lightly shoo4 each bas4et so that the balls would be randomly distributed\$ ? then too4 & ball from each bas4et\$ what chance is there that you would have e@actly ' red ballsA Answer There are (4 different 3ossible outcomes\$ ? in . Submitted Hou have 3 bas4ets\$ ? each one contains e@actly 4 balls\$ each of which is of the same siBe. 2ach ball is either red\$ blac4\$ white\$ or 3ur3le\$ ? there is one of each color in each bas4et. .()<6N chance that each of these situations will occur.()<6N chance of any one occurring by 3\$ ? you get &4. Fhat questions would you as4 to figure out who is whoA =emember that you can as4 only ' questions.. #ecause there are 3 scenarios where this outcome occurs\$ you multi3ly the 4.

Fhat is the 3robablity of winning the lotteryA Answer The 3robability of winning the lottery is two in one billion i. So there are &&-) ways. . . #ut we are interested in only those numbers which are in && numbers selected by the +ottery -ommision. The +ottery -ommission chooses && numbers from the )7.&)).ow far will the safe have moved forward when the rollers have made one revolutionA Answer The safe must have moved 22 inches forward.e. i.-& " ways to do that. There are ' cases. ' in a billion.74<<( * &7 &3 0ow\$ you have to select ) numbers from )7 which can be selected in )7-) ways. Total Sam3le s3ace" % ''.ence\$ the 3robability of the winning lottery is % Total luc4y ways" .36" .-& " % &(6" 8 337" * (. There are &&-< " * (. So total luc4y ways are % &&-) " 8 &&-< " * (. • Another case is you might select < luc4y numbers and & non!luc4y number from the remaining (." % &(6 8 ''<<7 % ''.ence\$ the && numbers from the )7 can be selected in )7 -&& ways which is very very high and is equal to &. only two 3erson can win from one billion RRR +et5s find out sam3le s3ace first.e. • Hou might select ) numbers which all are there in && numbers choosen by the +ottery -ommission.36 . /f the rollers ma4e one revolution\$ the safe will move the distance equal to the circumference of the roller.ence\$ the distance covered by the safe is . numbers. . Submit Users BrainVista Puzzle Answer Answer (4) Answer To move a Safe\$ two cylindrical steel bars < inches in diameter are used as rollers. * &7!.74<<( * &7&3" % '. &.

( 8 6(7" . SubmAnswer The pro3a3ilit. And if the bisho3 is in one of the 4 squares at ne@t inner!level the innermost level"\$ then it can attac4 &3 3ositions. . Submitt/f a roo4 and a bisho3 of a standard chess set are randomly 3laced on a chessboard\$ what is the 3robability that one is attac4ing the otherA 0ote that both are different colored 3ieces.. .3( % 7.ere in 2ngland Dc*onald5s has Eust launched a new advertising cam3aign.ence\$ total 3ossible ways of the #isho3 attac4ing the =oo4 % ')*< 8 '7*. 473' % &3.3(&& itted ed .&&6 % '' inches a33ro@.. 0ote that the =oo4 and the #isho3 never attac4 each other simultaneously. Similarly if the bisho3 is in one of the &' squares at ne@t inner!level\$ then it can attac4 && 3ositions.ence\$ total 3ossible ways of the =oo4 attac4ing the #isho3 % (4*&4 % ).of either the 1oo* or the 0. /f the bisho3 is in one of the '7 squares at ne@t inner!level\$ then it can attac4 . /f the bisho3 is in one of the outer ') squares\$ then it can attac4 < 3ositions. +et5s consider both the cases one by one. #ase > ) 1oo* attac*ing ishop The =oo4 can be 3laced in any of the given (4 3ositions and it always attac4s &4 3ositions. 3ositions.&4&6.( ways #ase >> ) ishop attac*ing 1oo* Miew the chess!board as a 4 co!centric hollow squares with the outermost square with side ) units and the innermost square with side ' units.% Q/ * *iameter or ' * Q/ * =adius" % Q/ * < % 3.11 ishop attac*ing the other is A =oo4 and a #isho3 on a standard chess!board can be arranged in (4Q' % (4*(3 % 473' ways 0ow\$ there are ' cases ! =oo4 attac4ing #isho3 and #isho3 attac4ing =oo4. The .%.'(6 * < % '&. 8 &'*&& 8 4*&3 % 6(7 ways Thus\$ the required 3robability is % ).

Total com3inations :TCI.3oster shows ) Dc*onald5s 3roducts and underneath claims there are 473&' combinations of the above items. Eroducts =sed :\$. Also\$ the order of 3urchase does not matter.9. >tems 6rdered :2. & & & & & & & & & ) ' ! & ' 3 4 6 ( < ') 3 ! ! & 3 ( &7 &6 '& 6( )-3 4 ! ! ! & 4 &7 '7 36 <7 )-4 6 ! ! ! ! & 6 &6 36 6( ( ! ! ! ! ! & ( '& ') < ! ! ! ! ! ! & < ) ) ! ! ! ! ! ! ! & & Ia-s to choose )-& )-' \$ products from 8 products :I. & ' 3 4 6 ( < ) Total :T. /t is given that you can order ma@imum of ) items and you are allowed to have less than ) items. )-6 )-( )-< )-) (4 <)4 3&3( 4.77 3&3( <)4 (4 & Thus\$ total 3ossible combinations are . +et5s create a table for ordering total 0 items using X 3roducts. Oiven that the ma@imum number of items allowed is )\$ and you are allowed to have less than ) items\$ and that the order of 3urchase does not matter i. buying a burger and fries is the same as buying fries and a burger" .e.ow many 3ossible combinations are thereA Are Dc*onald5s correct in claiming there are 473&' combinationsA Answer Total possi3le com3inations are 128.

. /n one minute\$ 3i3e A can fill &..<N a33ro@. 3i3e # can fill &..3(6 * 3(3. /f the tan4 is em3ty initially and if all the three 3i3es A\$ # and .% (4 8 <)4 8 3&3( 8 4..('(4 % 7.0 people share the same 3irthda.3(6 * 3(4.7'. Cutlet 3i3e .of atleast two out of a group of .77 8 3&3( 8 <)4 8 (4 8 & % &')(. Also\$ if there are '3 3eo3le in the room\$ then there are 67N chances that atleast two of them have a birthday on the same day of the yearRRR A tan4 can be filled by 3i3e A in 37 minutes and by 3i3e # in '4 minutes.<N This e@3lains wh.('(4 Qrobability of atleast two share the same birthday % & ! 7. Thus\$ the 3robability of atleast two out of a grou3 of 67 3eo3le share the same birthday is . Oive the ma@imal 3ossible value of X.'4 .can em3ty the full tan4 in X minutes. Fhat are the chances that at least two out of a grou3 of fifty 3eo3le share the same birthdayA SubmittedAnswer The pro3a3ilit.is 97< Qrobability of atleast two share the same birthday % & ! 3robability of all 67 have different birthdays Qrobability of all 67 have different birthday % 3(6. Answer The ma7imum possi3le value of \$ is 1% minutes 20 seconds.in a school@college with classrooms of . * 3&< * 3&(".3(6 * .3(6 * 3&(.'4 3art of the tan4.37 3art of the tan4.are o3ened simultaneously\$ the tan4 will 02M2= be full.37 8 &.3(6 67 % 7. Thus\$ the net water level increase in one minute is % &.0 students& there are at least two students with a 3irthda.<73<36 % .of the -ear .3(6 % 3(6 * 3(4 * 3(3 * 3(' * .7'. * 3&<..on the same da.

2217. Tallest among each row of all are as4ed to come out.<.% 3.&77" which is =s. And the tallest among them is #. X .should em3ty at least 3. After s3ending '7 3aise\$ the 3erson counts the money.e earns 6N raise.3 i. A year later\$ the wor4er receives a '.e. And to his sur3rise\$ he has double the amount he wanted to withdraw.47 3art of the tan4 in one minute.&77"* . Assume his salary was =s.6N cut. A wor4er earns a 6N raise. And the shortest among them is A.6N cut in 3ay\$ ? now his salary is =s.&77"* . Thus\$ 3i3e .6. ''<7'. ''<7'. Find X and H. & =u3ee % &77 Qaise" As given\$ the 3erson wanted to withdraw &77X 8 H 3aise. 0either the 3erson nor the cashier noticed that.&77" % ''<7'. &3 minutes '7 seconds.() Fhat was his salary to begin withA Answer 1s. Similarly after resuming them to their original 3ositions\$ the shortest among each column are as4ed to come out.() X % ''&<( 677 men are arranged in an array of &7 rows and 67 columns according to their heights. #ut cashier made a mista4e and gave him H ru3ees and X 3aise. So his salary is &76*X".47 3art of the tan4 /n order to 4ee3 the tan4 always em3ty\$ outlet 3i3e . So his salary is &76*X". #ut he got &77H 8 X 3aise.<.() . .6.can em3ty the full tan4 in 47.&77 A year later he receives '.ence\$ solving equation &76*X". 0ow who is taller A or # A A 3erson wanted to withdraw X ru3ees and H 3aise from the ban4.

Fe have to a33ly little bit of logic over here. '(. 3.X % '7 H ! 'X % 7 Fe get X % ! '7.X % '7 H ! 'X % & Fe get X % '( ? H % 63 0ow\$ its obvious that he wanted to withdraw =s. There were ' more women than children.ence\$ the equation is 2 * "100\$ % &# = 100& % \$ ' 20 200\$ % 2& = 100& %\$ ' 20 199\$ ' 98& = '20 98& ' 199\$ = 20 0ow\$ we got one equationK but there are ' variables. There were ( of one grou3.)H ! &..63 Submit Answer Users Answer (2) BrainVista Answer Puzzle At the Qarty1 &. 6.After s3ending '7 3aise\$ he has double the amount he wanted to withdraw. (. men and children. There were ) of one grou3.)H ! &. 0ote that if there were < men and 6 women\$ then there would have been 36 man! woman cou3les 3ossible. Fe 4now that if we interchange X ? H\$ amount gets double.e. So H should be twice of X or one more than twice of X i. Also\$ of the three grou3s ! men\$ women and children ! at the 3arty1 4. H % 'X or H % 'X8& -ase / 1 '42\$ Solving two equations simultaneously . '. There were 4 of one grou3.' -ase // 1 '42\$51 Solving two equations simultaneously . There were ..3 ? H % ! 47. . . The number of different man!woman cou3les 3ossible was '4.

&ut then Statement !'# and !(# both can not be true.e. lso. there are ' possible cases + either there are . /t is found that • All houses do not have either tubelight or bulb or fan. -ence. Statements !%#. If there are .2@actly one of the above ( statements is false. 8 women and 6 children. Then. *rom !%# and !'#.N of houses do not have Eust one of these.ence\$ there should be total 377 items i. !5# and !\$# are all true. +et5s assume that there are &77 houses. Thus. Statement !"# is false. • atleast <3N of houses do not have fans. men and ( women. Then from !(#. There are 3 men. which is not possible. • atleast )3N of houses do not have bulbs. there are %% men and women. Statement !%# is false. Brain *easer 2o < 00242 There is a shortage of tubelights\$ bulbs and fans in a village ! Sharghar. . then there is % child. men and ( women or there are ( men and . Fhat 3ercentage of houses do not have tubelight\$ bulb and fanA Answer /2< houses do not have tu3elight& 3ul3 and fan. contradictory to the fact that e)actly one statement is false. So Statement !"# or Statement !5# or Statement !\$# is false. • atleast (<N of houses do not have tubelights. women and \$ children. ssume that Statements !"#. women. &77 tubelights\$ &77 bulbs and &77 fans. there are ( men. . From the given data\$ we 4now that there is shortage of atleast (<8)38<3" ''3 items in every &77 houses. . -an you tell which one is falseA Also\$ how many men\$ women and children are there at the 3artyA Answer Statement (4) is false. !'# and !(# all are true. • e@actly &. Then Statements !"# and !5# both are false.

. Find the e@act numerical value to the following equation1 X ! A" * X ! #" * X ! -" * . 2ach constant is assigned a value in the following way1 A % &K the rest of the values equal their 3osition in the al3habet # corres3onds to the second 3osition so it equals '\$ . .% 3W' % . Thus\$ 4'N houses do not have tubelight\$ bulb and fan. /f those remaining )& houses do not have ' items each\$ there would be a shortage of &(' items. 8 &77R is 7.ence\$ atleast '74!&('" 4' houses do not have all 3 items ! tubelight\$ bulb and fan..Also\$ e@actly &." '74 items. <R onwards all terms are divisible by < as < is one of the factor.." raised to the 3ower of the 3receeding constant value. * % 4W. * X ! H" * X ! I" equals 7 since X ! X" is Bero /f three babies are born every second of the day\$ then how many babies will be born in the year '77&A SuAnswer 9&/.. So there is no remainder left for those terms i. The only 3art to be consider is % &R 8 'R 8 3R 8 4R 8 6R 8 (R % & 8 ' 8 ( 8 '4 8 &'7 8 <'7 % )<3 The remainder left after dividing )<3 by < is 6 ..e. houses do not have Eust one item. So\$ # % ' W A5s value"\$ or # % 'W& % '.\$ etc..R 8 . * X ! H" * X ! I" Answer X ! A" * X ! #" * X ! -" * .ence\$ the remainder is 6.&08&000 3a3ies The total seconds in year '77& .% 3\$ etc. remainder left after dividing <R 8 )R 8 . /t means that remaining )& houses should account for the shortage of remaining ''3!&. /magine that you have '( constants\$ labelled A through I. .. Fhat is the remainder left after dividing &R 8 'R 8 3R 8 Y 8 &77R #y <A Thin4 carefully RRR Answer A tric4y one. #ut total of '74 items are short.

Also\$ three babies born are every second.\$4(\$7)\$777bmitted =e3lace the letters with the correct numbers. it must be between %0' and %(2. T must be % as there is multiplication of T with T in hundred/s position.ou can reduce the number of trials.hours * (7 seconds. 0 can not be 0 or %. * = ( \$ * = ( ''''''''' * 9 4 E E Submitted by : Timmy Chan Answer T41& I4%& 648& J49& 142& "4/ 1 0 8 > 1 0 8 '''''''''''' 1 9 0 4 4 . lso.minute % 3(6 * '4 * (7 * (7 seconds % 3\$&6\$3(\$777 seconds Thus\$ there are 3\$&6\$3(\$777 seconds in the year '77&.year * '4 hours. Brain *easer 2o < 00052 Four words add u3 to a fifth word numerically1 ars ?enus uranus saturn '''''''' % .% 3(6 days. . -ence.day * (7 minutes. 1ow. you have to find three digit number whose square satisfies above conditions and square of that has same last two digits.ence\$ total babies born % 3 * 3\$&6\$3(\$777 seconds % .

• #etween army man & and '\$ there is a wall. This will give you only one solution which meets the condition that numbers & and ( are most frequently used.ne@tune 2ach of the ten letters m\$ a\$ r\$ s\$ v\$ e\$ n\$ u\$ t\$ and 3" re3resent a unique number from the range 7 . They are not allowed to communicate by tal4ing.. ars ?enus uranus saturn '''''''' % ne@tune = 4 a = 5 r = 9 s = 0 ? = 2 e = 0 n = 1 u = 6 t = 8 @ = 1 4590 20160 695160 058691 '''''''' % 1018610 There are 4 army men. There are total ' white hats and ' blac4 hats. either blac4 b" or white w" loo4 at diagram above. Answer The easiest way to solve this 3roblem is by writing a com3uter 3rogram that systematically tries all 3ossible ma33ings from the numbers onto the letters. • -a3tive man 4 can see the colour of hats on ' and 3 . The format of their burrial are as shown in the figure. -onditions • They each have hats on their heads.. Furthermore\$ numbers & and ( are being used most frequently. . An army intelligent officer orders them to be burried dee3 in dirt u3 to their nec4s. They have been ca3tured by a rebel grou3 and have been held at ransom. • They only loo4 in front of them not behind.

ence\$ the total number of balls are % & 8 3 8 ( 8 &7 8 &6 8 '& 8 ') 8 3( 8 46 8 66 8 (( 8 <) % 3(4 balls . #ut if one of them is white and one is blac4\$ then soldier 4 can not say anything as he can have either of them. . . Soldier 4 can see the hat on soldier ' and soldier 3.. So he will 4ee3 mum. The fifth layer has &6 &8'838486" balls.ow many are there in the whole 3yramidA 0ote that the 3yramid is equilateral and solid. . /f both are white\$ then he can be sure about colour of his hat which will be blac4 and vice!versa. Cne side of the bottom layer of a triangular 3yramid has &' balls. /n our case soldier 3 will tell the colour of his hat. Answer There are total %. /f you are wrong\$ you will all be 4illed./ 3alls. The second layer has 3 &8'" balls. The to3 most layer has & ball. The third layer has ( &8'83" balls. As there are &' balls along one side\$ it means that there are &' layers of balls.• • 3 can only see '5s hat ' can only see a wall and & can see a wall too\$ but is on the other side The officer s3ea4s u3\$ G/f one of you can correctly tell me the colour of your hat\$ you will all go scott free bac4 to your contries. Similarly\$ there are '&\$ ')\$ 3(\$ 46\$ 66\$ (( and <) balls in the remaining layers. /f soldier 4 won5t say anyhing for a while\$ then soldier 3 will 4now that soldier 4 is not in 3osition to tell the colour of hat on his hat. So soldier 3 can tell correctly the colour of hat on his head which is #lac4. The fourth layer has &7 &8'8384" balls.ow can one of them be certain about the hat they are wearing and not ris4 the lives of their fellow souldiers by ta4ing a 67.67 guessR Submitted Answer 2ither soldier 3 or soldier 4 can save the life as soldier & and soldier ' can not see colour of any hat\$ even not their own.ere\$ we are assuming that all the soldiers are intelligent enough. Also\$ this solution will wor4 for any combination of ' #lac4 hats and ' Fhite hats. . /t means that colour of soldier 35s hat is o33osite of colour of soldier '5s hat.

The holes of the board are shut with lids in random order\$ i. -hec4 any two adEacent holes. o /f one is close\$ o3en it and all the holes are o3en.e. 0ow\$ two holes are o3en and two are close. 0ow\$ all holes are o3en. 3. 0ow\$ the diagonal holes are in the same status i. o /f both are close\$ o3en both of them. • C3en the closed hole. After he has done it\$ the carrom board is rotated and again brought to some 3osition.e. any number of all the four holes can be shut or o3en. o /f one is o3en and one is close\$ invert them i. 0ow the man is su33osed to touch any two holes at a time and can do the following. The diagonal holes are in the o33osite status i. -hec4 two diagonal holes. . '. C3en two adEacent holes. /f 4th hole is also o3en\$ then you are done.e. /f not\$ the 4th hole is close. Submitted Answer The 3lindfolded man re8uires . o /f both are o3en\$ close both of them. 0ow\$ all holes are close. • -lose the o3en hole. The man is again not aware of what are the holes which are o3en or closed. 4. turns.A blindfolded man is as4ed to sit in the front of a carrom board.e. &. 0ow atleast 3 holes are o3en. . C3en two diagonal holes.ow many minimum number of turns does the blindfolded man require to either o3en all the holes or close all the holesA 0ote that whenever all the holes are either o3en or close\$ there will be an alarm so that the blindfolded man will 4now that he has won. in both the diagonals\$ one hole is o3en and one is close. close the o3en hole and o3en the close hole. two holes in one diagonal are o3en and in other are close. • +et the hole be as it is. o /f both are close\$ o3en any one hole.

ow many 3ersons including myself" will / need to accom3lish this missionA Answer Total / persons :including -ou. .ence\$ total of '7 days rations is available. /t is given that each 3erson can only carry enough rations for five days. And there are 4 3ersons. 0ow\$ all holes are o3en.1 The remaining three 3eo3le use u3 3 days of rations. -hec4 any two diagonal holes. . To reach it\$ / will have to travel overland by foot from the coast. 3. The rations remaining for the further tre4 is for &6 days. Fhat / am trying to figure out is the fewest number of 3ersons\$ including myself\$ that / will need in our Orou3 so that / can reach the city\$ stay overnight\$ and then return to the coast without running out of su33lies. The rations remaining for the further tre4 is for &7 days. Cn a tre4 li4e this\$ each 3erson can only carry enough rations for five days and the farthest we can travel in one day is 37 miles. .e stays overnight. Kourth Da. Kirst Da. o /f both are close\$ o3en both of them. Assume that X minutes after 4.77 3. The rations remaining for the further tre4 is for 6 days. . Also\$ the city is &'7 miles from the starting 3oint. o /f both are o3en\$ close both of them.6. 0ow\$ all holes are close. Cne 3erson goes bac4 using one day of rations for the return tri3. For every minute\$ minute hand travels ( degrees. At what time after 4.ence\$ for X minutes it will travel ( * X degrees. &. re8uired. is the minutes hand of a cloc4 e@actly aligned with the hour handA Answer /?21?/9.1 The remaining 3erson uses u3 one day of rations.1 4 days of rations are used u3. Cne 3erson goes bac4 using ' days of rations for the return tri3. 9econd Da.77 QD minute hand e@actly aligns with and hour hand. . Third Da. /n the middle of the confounded desert\$ there is the lost city of GAshG.m.1 The remaining two 3eo3le use u3 ' days of rations. '. Thus\$ total 4 3ersons\$ including you are required. The ne@t day he returns to the coast using 4 days of rations. Cne 3erson goes bac4 using 3 days of rations for the return tri3.. 4.

For every minute\$ hour hand travels &... .77 QD\$ the angle between minute hand and hour hand is &'7 degrees.e. '''''''' .)&)' X % '& minutes 4. Also\$ after X minutes\$ minute hand and hour hand are e@actly aligned. + E . Submitted by : Calon Answer . .' &' * X % '47 8 X && * X % '47 X % '&.' degrees.g. . if you substitute 3 for the letter D\$ no other letter can be 3 and all other D in the 3uBBle must be 3. + + * E . Also\$ there must be a one! to!one ma33ing between digits and letters. So the angle with res3ect to &' i.D E . '''''''''' / / / E / ) .D . ( C ''''''''''''' * ) . Mertical Qlane will be same. . Substitute digits for the letters to ma4e the following *ivision true ( ) * ''''''''''''' + * E .ence\$ at 41'&14.6 minute hand is e@actly aligned with the hour hand. Therefore\$ ( * X % &'7 8 X.ence\$ for X minutes it will travel X. At 4.' degrees. e.6 seconds . + * 0ote that the leftmost letter can5t be Bero in any word.

.#40& =41& 942& T4%& 64/& M4. Fhat is the largest 3ossible number of the inhabitants of AlibaugA Answer 202.& (47& "48& D49 /t is obvious that >%& as >*ST2D%ST2D" and -%7 as /!-%/".& >4. • 0o inhabitants has e@actly '7'6 hairs. C%4\$ S%'\$ T%3\$ 2%)\$ I%<\$ /%( and *%. 0ow\$ its sim3le. + * lso. . .D E .9 5 4 0 ''''''''''''' 0 1 6 2 2 0 8 5 '''''''''' 1 1 1 8 1 1 5 5 '''''''' 6 2 0 . • There are more inhabitants than there are hairs on the head of any one inhabitants. ''''''''''''' 2 0 8 5 . it spells CUSTOM !"#. . '''''''' .9 8 5 6 2 8 . /t means that D must be 6. S*C is a single digit and also S*T is a single digit. + + * E . ( ) * 4 1 0 ''''''''''''' + * E . ( C ''''''''''''' * ) . + E . Brain *easer 2o < 00015 /n the town called Alibaug\$ the following facts are true1 • 0o two inhabitants have e@actly the same number of hairs. when arranged from 0 to 2.D .ence\$ their values C\$ S\$ T" must be '\$ 3 or 4 as they can not be 7 or & or greater than 4". -onsider\$ ST2D*C%*DC-\$ where -%7. '''''''''' / / / E / ) ..

7" % 377 ! &)7 % &'7 Similarly\$ for Orou3 /M 1 % . There are four grou3s of Dangoes\$ A33les and #ananas as follows1 Orou3 / 1 & Dango\$ & A33les and & #anana Orou3 // 1 & Dango\$ 6 A33les and < #ananas Orou3 /// 1 & Dango\$ < A33les and &7 #ananas Orou3 /M 1 .7 For Orou3 / 1 %D8A8# % D 8 6A 8 <#" ! 4A 8 (#" % D 8 6A 8 <#" ! ' 'A 8 3#" % 377 ! ' . D 8 6A 8 <#" ! ''A 8 33#" % .7" % '<77 ! .7 % &<&7 .7 Subtracting above to equations 1 'A 8 3# % . #ut these will violate the condition that GThere are more inhabitants than there are hairs on the head of any one inhabitants..7. From Orou3 // 1 D 8 6A 8 <# % 377 From Orou3 /// 1 D 8 <A 8 &7# % 3. -an you tell how much does Orou3 / and Orou3 /M costA Answer Aroup > costs 1s 120 and Aroup >0 costs 1s 1710 Assume that the values of one mango\$ one a33le and one banana are D\$ A and # res3ectively.ence there are '7'6 inhabitants with 7 to '7'4 hairs in the head. Su33ose there are more than '7'6 inhabitants. 377" ! && . Dango\$ '3 A33les and 37 #ananas Orou3 // costs =s 377 and Orou3 /// costs =s 3. D 8 6A 8 <#" ! && 'A 8 3#" % ./t is given that no inhabitants have e@actly '7'6 hairs.D 8 '3A 8 37# % .G As for any number more than '7'6\$ there will be same number of inhabitants as the ma@imum number of hairs on the head of any inhabitant. .

• /f GCG is 3laced in 3osition <\$ GXG can always win by choosing 3osition '\$ 3 or . • /f GCG is 3laced in 3osition 4\$ GXG can always win by choosing 3osition '\$ 3 or 6. • /f GCG is 3laced in 3osition )\$ GXG can always win by choosing 3osition 3\$ 6 or <. • /f GCG is 3laced in 3osition 3\$ GXG can always win by choosing 3osition 4\$ < or . Fhere does the 3layer that is 3laying 5C5 has to 3ut his first 5C5 so that 5X5 doesn5t winA Assume that both 3layers are very intelligent.. +et5s assume that its at 3osition &. • /f GCG is 3laced in 3osition . Tic!Tac!Toe is being 3layed. center 3osition\$ GXG can5t win unless GCG does something foolish K"" .0 ''''''''' 4 . /f GCG is 3laced in 3osition 6 i.e.\$ GXG can always win by choosing 3osition 3\$ or <.6 ''''''''' 1 .. +et5s number the 3ositions as1 1 . • /f GCG is 3laced in 3osition (\$ GXG can always win by choosing 3osition 3\$ 6 or <. 2@3lain your answer Answer L6L should 3e placed in the center.2 .5 .Thus\$ Orou3 / costs =s &'7 and Orou3 /M costs =s &<&7.8 . . Cne 5X5 has been 3laced in one of the corners.ence\$ GCG should be 3laced in the center. 0ow\$ let5s ta4e each 3osition one by one. 0o 5C5 has been 3laced yet. • /f GCG is 3laced in 3osition '\$ GXG can always win by choosing 3osition 4\$ 6 or <.9 /t is given that GXG is 3laced in one of the corner 3osition.

Fho is named 2leshA Answer Eoc*etwala is named "lesh. &. /t means that #atliwala\$ -hunawala and 0ata4wala are named Samlesh.e. Amit and #havin are sitting o33osite to each other. Fe cannot find out who is -hemical 2ngineer and 2lecronics 2ngineer as data 3rovided is not sufficient Five friends with surname #atliwala\$ Qoc4etwala\$ Talawala\$ -hunawala and 0ata4wala have their first name and middle name as follow. Qoc4etwala and Talawala\$ either both are named Samlesh or neither is named Samlesh. • The 2lectonics 2ngineer is sitting to the left of the Dechanical 2ngineer.ence\$ Qoc4etwala and Talawala both are not named Samlesh.Amit\$ #havin\$ . • . Four of them have a first and middle name of Qaresh.imanshu li4es to 3lay -om3uter Oames. <.imanshu and =a4esh are sitting around a table. Two of them have a first and middle name of 0aresh. 6. . From (" and 6"\$ if Qoc4etwala or Talawala both are named Samlesh\$ then either of them will have three names i. (. '. . Three of them have a first and middle name of Samlesh. From &" and <"\$ it is clear that #atliwala\$ Qoc4etwala and Talawala are named Qaresh. #havin is the -om3uter 2ngineer. Qaresh\$ Samlesh and 0aresh. • #havin is sitting to the right of the -hemical 2ngineer. Also\$ Qoc4etwala is named 2lesh. -hunawala and 0ata4wala are not both named Qaresh. • Amit is sitting o33osite to -om3uter 2ngineer.imanshu and =a4esh are either -hemical 2ngineer or 2lecronics 2ngineer. Cne of them have a first and middle name of 2lesh. . -an you figure out everyone5s 3rofessionA Answer Amit is the Dechanical 2ngineer. 4. 0ow it is clear that Talawala and -hunawala are named 0aresh. 3. Fhereas -hemical 2ngineer and 2lecronics 2ngineer are sitting o33osite to each other. 2ither #atliwala and Qoc4etwala both are named 0aresh or Talawala and -hunawala both are named 0aresh.

3agle fell asleep the first time. .e '5( mark. . Fagle wa4es u3 at the end of his tri3. that marks the first third of his trip. -e fell sleep again when the bus still had half the distance to go that it had already traveled i. +et5s draw a timeline. .Dr. Fhen he finally falls aslee3 again\$ the bus still has half the distance to go that it has already travelled. all sleeping times. =agle Cas slee@ing 3hen 4r.iE. Brain *easer 2o < 00068 /n your soc4 drawer\$ you have a ratio of 6 3airs of blue soc4s\$ 4 3airs of brown soc4s\$ and ( 3airs of blac4 soc4s. =agle Cas not slee@ing AAAAA s.oCs ti e Dor C. Qicture the bus route on a line showen below1 '''''''''''''''' AAAAAAAA '''''''' AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA +tart 1B0 1B2 2B0 End ''''' s.e slept from %5( mark to the %5' mark. 4r. Fhat 3ortion of the total tri3 did Dr. Fagle goes to wor4 by a bus.alfway through the tri3 he wa4es u3 as the bus bounces over some bad 3otholes.r. Cne day he falls aslee3 when the bus still has twice as far to go as it has already gone. wagle slept through half his trip.iE.oCs ti e Dor C. wagle slept through half his trip. the bus sill had twice as far to go as it had already gone. 6 !%5' + %5(# 7 !% + '5(# 6 %5\$ 7 %5( 6 %5' -ence. -e wake up halfway through the trip i. . Fagle slee3A Answer Mr.r. Fortunately\$ Dr. dding up.

ow many unmarried females are there and how many of them are above '6A Answer 1. Married elow 2. Some are red\$ some are blue\$ and some green. Some are red\$ some are blue\$ and some green. A3ove 2. . Fith your eyes closed\$ 3ic4 out ' of a li4e color. &6 '7 7 6 There is a safe with a 6 digit number as the 4ey. The 4th digit is 4 greater than the second digit\$ while the 3rd digit is 3 less than the 'nd digit. A3ove 2. Also\$ • 37 em3loyees are married • '4 em3loyees are above '6 years of age • &.ow many do you have to grab to be sure you have ' of the sameA Hou have a buc4et of Eelly beans.ow many do you have to grab to be sure you have ' of the sameA /f you select 4 Xelly beans you are guarenteed that you will have ' that are the same color. Find the number. ./n com3lete dar4ness\$ how many soc4s would you need to 3ull out to get a matching 3air of the same colorA / /f you don5t agree\$ try it yourselfR Hou have a buc4et of Eelly beans. The &st digit is thrice the last digit. Kemale Male 3 ) &' < =nmarried elow 2. There are 3 3airs whose sum is &&. . . -ears of age. Fith your eyes closed\$ 3ic4 out ' of a li4e color. married em3loyees are above '6 years\$ of which < are males • &' males are above '6 years of age • &6 males are married. unmarried females M none are a3ove 2. Sim3ly 3ut all given information into the table structure and you will get the answer. There are <7 em3loyees wor4ing with #rainMista of which 37 are females.

)777 each.. . So the original 3rice of first stam3 is % )777 * &77" . 0ow required number is 6 digit number and it contains 3 3airs of &&."\$ 3\$ )"\$ 4\$ <"\$ 6\$ ("." gives 3 3airs of &&." Also\$ &st digit is thrice the last digit.'. )7 % =s &7777 Total buying 3rice of two stam3s % =s ((((. So she sold them for =s. All 3ossible 3airs are '\$ . .ow much did she gain or lose in the entire transactionA Answer 9he lost 1s .Answer .ence\$ she lost =s (((... So it must not be having 7 and & in it.ence\$ the only 3ossible combination for 'nd\$ 3rd and 4th digits is 6\$ '\$ . . Cn one she made '7N and on the other she lost '7N.(< Total selling 3rice of two stam3s % =s )777 8 =s )777 % =s &(777 . Dy friend collects antique stam3s.(< ." /t is given that there are 3 3airs whose sum is &&.\$ 3"\$ out of which only (\$ '" with 6\$ '\$ . She mades '7N on it after selling it for =s )777.(< 8 =s &7777 % =s &((((.292 As 3er given conditions\$ there are three 3ossible combinations for 'nd\$ 3rd and 4th digits.(< Similarly\$ consider second stam3. They are 3\$ 7\$ <" or 4\$ &\$ )" or 6\$ '\$ .ence\$ the answer is (6'.7 -onsider the first stam3. She lost '7N on it after selling it for =s )777 So the original 3rice of second stam3 is % )777 * &77" . The 3ossible combinations are 3\$ &"\$ (\$ '" and . She 3urchased two\$ but found that she needed to raise money urgently. )7 % =s ((((...

7) ! (47777777 % &. 0ow su33ose that the length of the thread is increased by &' cm\$ and that it is 3ulled away uniformly in all directions.ence\$ the thread will be se3aratedfrom the earth by % = ! r cm % (4777777&.Assume for a moment that the earth is a 3erfectly uniform s3here of radius (477 4m.&4&6. Si@ months later\$ there were &777I rabbits.7) cm Scientist decided to do a study on the 3o3ulation growth of rabbits. #y how many cm. So the new length is % &')7777777 * Q/" 8 &' cm This thread will ma4e one concentric circle with the earth which is slightly away from the earth.. Su33ose a thread equal to the length of the circumference of the earth was 3laced along the equator\$ and drawn to a tight fit. At the beginning of the 3rd year\$ there were roughly ')')I rabbits\$ which was 4 times what the scientists 3laced in there at the beginning of the &st year. . will the thread be se3arated from the earth5s surfaceA Answer The cicumference of the earth is % ' * Q/ * r % ' * Q/ * (477 4m % ' * Q/ * (477 * &777 m % ' * Q/ * (477 * &777 * &77 cm % &')7777777 * Q/ cm where r % radius of the earth\$ Q/ % 3.7) cm =adius of the earth is r % (47777777 cm .. The circumfernce of that circle is nothing but &')7777777 * Q/" 8 &' cm Assume that radius of the outer circle is = cm Therefore\$ ' * Q/ * = % &')7777777 * Q/" 8 &' cm Solving above equation\$ = % (4777777&.'(64 ..ence\$ the length of the thread is % &')7777777 * Q/ cm 0ow length of the thread is increasd by &' cm. /nside a controlled environment\$ &777 rabbits were 3laced.

To conserve his drin4 he decides that on the first day he will drin4 one oB and the refill the bottle bac4 u3 with water.4&4 times every si@ months i. Cn the 'nd day he will drin4 'oB and refill the bottle. At the beginning\$ there were &777 rabbits. #y the time all the s3rite is gone\$ how much water has he drun4A . &777* 'W0" Thus\$ at the beginning of the &&th year i. Fhich base am / usingA Answer +et the base be X. Also\$ there were 4777 rabbits at the beginning of third year which is equal to ')')I. &\$7'4\$777 rabbits.e. ' times every year. &.')') i..e.4&4 the square root of '" 0ote that ')')I can be re3resented as '777*I*I I%&. After 0 years\$ the 3o3ulation would be &777* IW '0"" i. Cn the 3rd day he will drin4 3oB and so on. Therefore X*X 8 X*7 8 7" % '*X 84" 8 3*X 8 '" X*X % 6*X 8 ( X*X ! 6*X !( % 7 X!(" X8&" % 7 Therefore base is ( A man is stranded on a desert island. All he has to drin4 is a '7oB bottle of s3rite.. Thus\$ I % 4777./f I is a 3ositive variable\$ how many rabbits would be there at the beginning of the &&th yearA SubmiAnswer At the 3eginning of the 11th -ear& there would 3e 1&02/&000 ra33its. /t is clear that the 3o3ulation growth is &.e.4&4"\$ which can be further sim3lified as &777*I*I*I*I Also\$ it is given that at the end of ( months\$ there were &777I rabbits. after &7 years"\$ there would be &777* 'W&7" i.e.e. tted A class of &77 students. '4 of them are girls and 3' are not.

SubmittAnswer The man drun* 190o+ of water. /t is given that the man has '7oB bottle of s3rite. Also\$ he will drin4 &oB on the first day and refill the bottle with water\$ will drin4 'oB on the second day and refill the bottle\$ will drin4 3oB on the third day and refill the bottle\$ and so on till '7th day. Thus at the end of '7 days\$ he must have drun4 & 8 ' 8 3 8 4 8 ..... 8&) 8 &, 8 '7" % '&7oB of liquid. Cut of that '&7oB\$ '7oB is the s3rite which he had initially. .ence\$ he must have drun4 &,7oB of water.ed Hou have four ,5s and you may use any of the 8\$ !\$ ;\$ *" as many times as you li4e. / want to see a mathematical e@3ression which uses the four ,5s to % &77 .ow many such e@3ressions can you ma4eA Submitted Answer There are 6 such e@3ressions. ,, 8 ,;," % &77 ,,;.,," % &77 ,;.," * ,;.," % &77 ,*," 8 ,";., % &77 ,,!,";., % &77 Two 3lanes ta4e off at the same e@act moment. They are flying across the Atlantic. Cne leaves 0ew Hor4 and is flying to Qaris at 677 miles 3er hour. The other leaves Qaris and is flying to 0ew Hor4 at only 467 miles 3er hour because of a strong head wind ". Fhich one will be closer to Qaris when they meetA They will both be the same distance from Qaris when they meetRRR &' members were 3resent at a board meeting. 2ach member shoo4 hands with all of the other members before ? after the meeting. .ow many hand sha4es were thereA Answer 1%2

Thin4 of it this way1 the first 3erson sha4es hands with && 3eo3le\$ the second 3erson also sha4es hands with && 3eo3le\$ but you only count &7\$ because the hand sha4e with the first 3erson was already counted. Then add , for the third 3erson\$ ) for the fourth\$ ? so on. (( hand sha4es too4 3lace before ? (( after the meeting\$ for a total of &3'. Arrange five 3lanets such that 4 of them add u3 to 6th 3lanet numerically. 2ach of the letters of the 3lanet should re3resent a unique number from the range 7 ! ,. Hou have to use all ten digits. There is an amaBing mathematical relationshi3 e@ists among the names of the 3lanet. Answer The tought 3rocess is initially to find 3lanets such that the total number of al3habets in them is &7. The only 3ossible combination of 3lanets is Saturn\$ >ranus\$ Menus\$ Dars and 0e3tune because for other combinations there will be more than &7 al3habets. Among these five\$ 0e3tune is the lenghtiest\$ so it must be the sum of the other four. + A * ) 4 2 ) 4 A 2 ) + 3 E 2 ) + % , A 4 + '''''''''''''' 2 E F * ) 2 E 0ow the only 3ossible value for 0 is &. #y finding the value for S\$ we can reach the result1

0 5 8 6 9 1 6 9 5 1 6 0 2 0 1 6 0 % 4 5 9 0 '''''''''''''' 1 0 1 8 6 1 0 Hou have &4 a33les. Hour Friend Darge ta4es away 3 and gives you '. Hou dro3 < but 3ic4 u3 4. #ret ta4es 4 and gives 6. Hou ta4e one from Darge and give it to #ret in e@change for 3 more. Hou give those 3 to Darge and she gives you an a33le and an orange. Fran4 comes and ta4es the a33le Darge gave you and gives you a 3ear. Hou give the 3ear to #ret in e@change for an a33le. Fran4 then ta4es an a33le from Darge\$ gives it to #ret for an orange\$ gives you the orange for an a33le. .ow many 3ears do you haveA Submitted Answer 2one Fran4 gave you a 3ear in e@change of the a33le which Darge gave you. And you gave that 3ear to #ret in e@change for an a33le. All the others e@changes involved a33les and;or organges. Four cou3les are going to the movie. 2ach row holds eight seats. #etty and Xim don5t want to sit ne@t to Alice and Tom. Alice and Tom don5t want to sit ne@t to Oertrude and #ill. Cn the otherhand\$ Sally and #ob don5t want to sit ne@t to #etty and Xim. .ow can the cou3les arrange themselves in a row so that they all sit where they would li4eA Submitted by : Tara Smith Answer From the given data\$ it can be inferred that1 Sally ? #ob" 0CT #etty ? Xim" 0CT Alice ? Tom" 0CT Oertrude ? #ill" A" 0CT #" means A and # can not seat ne@t to each other. 0ow\$ it is obvious that #etty ? Xim" and Alice ? Tom" will occu3y the corner

. #etty ? Xim" ! Oertrude ? #ill" ! Sally ? #ob" ! Alice ? Tom" '. = 9 ( + E * E E A % * 4 A 9 E + ''''''''''''''''''' + = ( 4 D + 0ote that the leftmost letter can5t be Bero in any word. 8 2" should be greater than &7 and hence\$ 2 8 . e. Answer /t is obvious that S%& and T%. 8 2" must '7.\$ no other letter can be 3 and all other .g. Thus\$ there are 3 3ossible values for 2\$ . if you substitute 3 for the letter ." 3air1 (\$ )" or <\$ (" or )\$ 4". in the 3uBBle must be 3. All four of them ho3ed that something would occur that would facilitate his esca3e. = * 9 E ( E A % + * 4 A E 9 E + % 2 9 8 6 5 6 4 1 9 1 4 6 8 6 1 ''''''''''''''''''' + = ( 4 D + ''''''''''''''''''' 1 2 5 1 0 1 Fhen Socrates was im3risoned for being a disturbing influence\$ he was held in high esteem by his guards.seats as both of them can have only one neighbour. >se trial!n! error and everything will fit!in. &. Therefore\$ Oertrude ? #ill" will seat ne@t to #etty ? Xim" Sally ? #ob" will seat ne@t to Oertrude ? #ill" Alice ? Tom" will seat ne@t to Sally ? #ob" Thus\$ there are two 3ossible arrangements ! a mirror images of each other. Alice ? Tom" ! Sally ? #ob" ! Oertrude ? #ill" ! #etty ? Xim" Substitute digits for the letters to ma4e the following addition 3roblem true. Also\$ there must be a one! to!one ma33ing between digits and letters. Also\$ . Cne evening\$ the guard who was on duty .

intentionally left the cell door o3en so that Socrates could leave for distant 3arts. Socrates did not attem3t to esca3e\$ as it was his 3hiloso3hy that if you acce3t society5s rules\$ you must also acce3t it5s 3unishments. .owever\$ the o3en door was considered by the authorities to be a serious matter. /t was not clear which guard was on that evening. The four guards ma4e the following statements in their defense1 Aaron1 A" / did not leave the door o3en. #" -lement was the one who did it. #ob1 A" / was not the one who was on duty that evening. #" Aaron was on duty. -lement1 A" #ob was the one on duty that evening. #" / ho3ed Socrates would esca3e. *avid1 A" / did not leave the door o3en. #" / was not sur3rised that Socrates did not attem3t to esca3e. -onsidering that\$ in total\$ three statements are true\$ and five statements are false\$ which guard is guiltyAnswer David is the guilt-. 0ote that GAll four of them ho3ed that something would occur that would facilitate his esca3eG. /t ma4es -lement5s statement # True and *avid5s statement # False. 0ow consider each of them as a guilty\$ one at a time. Aaron A A True o3 #lement A David A False False False True 9tmts 4 4 6 %

/f Aaron is guilty False False True /f #ob is guilty /f -lement is guilty /f *avid is guilty True True True

False True True True True

False False False True True True

False False True True

False True

False False True False False

Since in total\$ three statements are true and five statements are false. /t is clear from the above table that *avid isA Brain *easer 2o < 00414 Oiven any whole number ta4e the sum of the digits\$ and the 3roduct of the digits\$ and multi3ly these together to get a new whole number. For e@am3le\$ starting with (<&'\$ the sum of the digits is (8<8&8'" % &(\$ and the 3roduct of the digits is (*<*&*'" % )4. The answer in this case is then )4 @ &( % &344. /f we do this again starting from &344\$ we get &838484" * &*3*4*4" % 6<( And yet again 68<8(" * 6*<*(" % 3<)7 At this stage we 4now what the ne@t answer will be without wor4ing it out" because\$ as one digit is 7\$ the 3roduct of the digits will be 7\$ and hence the answer will also be 7. -an you find any numbers to which when we a33ly the above mentioned rule re3eatedly\$ we never end u3 at 7A Brain *easer 2o < 00414 Gi?en an: C;ole nu !er taHe t;e su oD t;e digits, and t;e @roduEt oD t;e digits, and ulti@l: t;ese toget;er to get a neC C;ole nu !er. Ior e>a @le, starting Cit; 6112, t;e su oD t;e digits is "6%1%1%2# = 16, and t;e @roduEt oD t;e digits is "6*1*1*2# = 84. *;e ansCer in t;is Ease is t;en 84 > 16 = 1044. .D Ce do t;is again starting Dro * "1*0*4*4# = 516 1044, Ce get "1%0%4%4#

And :et again "5%1%6# * "5*1*6# = 0180 At t;is stage Ce HnoC C;at t;e ne>t ansCer Cill !e "Cit;out CorHing it out# !eEause, as one digit is 0, t;e @roduEt oD t;e digits Cill !e 0, and ;enEe t;e ansCer Cill also !e 0. Can :ou Dind an: nu !ers to C;iE; C;en Ce a@@l: t;e a!o?e entioned rule re@eatedl:, Ce ne?er end u@ at 0J

There were 0 stations on a railroad. After adding X stations 4( additional tic4ets have to be 3rinted. Find 0 and X. Answer +et before adding X stations\$ total number of tic4ets t % 0 0!&" After adding X stations total number of tic4ets are t 8 4( % 08X" 08X!&" Subtracting &st from 'nd 4( % 08X" 08X!&" ! 0 0!&" 4( % 0' 8 0X ! 0 8 0X 8 X' ! X ! 0' 8 0 4( % '0X 8 X' ! X 4( % '0 ! &"X 8 X' X' 8 '0 ! &"X ! 4( % 7 0ow there are only two 3ossible factors of 4(. They are 4(\$&" and '3\$'" -ase /1 4(\$&" '0 ! & % 46 '0 % 4( 0 % '3 And X % & -ase //1 '3\$'" '0 ! & % '& '0 % '' 0 % && And X % ' .ence\$ there are ' 3ossible answers. An emergency vehicle travels &7 miles at a s3eed of 67 miles 3er hour. .ow fast must the vehicle travel on the return tri3 if the round!tri3 travel time is to be '7 minutesA Answer 7. miles per hour Fhile going to the destination\$ the vehicle travels &7 mils at the s3eed of 67 miles 3er hour. So the time ta4en to travel &7 miles is

/f there are '77 students\$ how many of them are maEoring in both 3sychology ? businessA Answer 70 students are ma!oring in 3oth& ps-cholog. #y the same reasoning\$ 3)N are not business maEors\$ because ('N of the students do maEor in business. +et the distance between #angalore and Dysore is * 4ms. So1 '< 8 3) % (6 (6N of the students are not maEoring in both 3sychology ? business\$ so 36N are double maEors\$ a total of <7 students. X " % * ! T " . <3N of the students are 3sychology maEors\$ ? ('N are business maEors. Two trains starting at same time\$ one from #angalore to Dysore and other in o33osite direction arrive at their destination &hr and 4hrs res3ectively after 3assing each other. So the s3eed of the vehicle must % (7 * &7" . H !!!!!equ /" . So the vehicle should com3lete its return tri3 of &7 miles in ) minutes. Answer The speed of angalore)M-sore train is TI>#" the speed of M-sore) angalore train. 0ow\$ assume that both the trains met each other at T 4ms from the #angalore 3oint Q in figure" Time ta4en by #angalore!Dysore train to reach Q % Time ta4en by Dysore! #angalore train to reach Q T .M 3usiness /f <3N of the students are 3sychology maEors\$ we 4now that '<N are not 3sychology maEors. 67 % &' minutes 0ow it5s given that round!tri3 travel time is '7 minutes.% (7 * &7" .hr.hr and s3eed of the tain from Dysore to #angalore is H 4m. ) % <6 miles 3er hour All of the students at a college are maEoring in 3sychology\$ business\$ or both. Also\$ let s3eed of the train from #angalore to Dysore is X 4m.

H 4*H*H%X*X '*H%X . .ence\$ the lam3 cost Z '.Also\$ #angalore!Dysore train and Dysore!#angalore train arrive destination & hr and 4 hrs res3ectively after 3assing each other. clin4s. .0 and the rug cost N 2.<6 .ow much faster is one train from otherA Answer /9 times +et5s assume that everyone clin4ed their mug with friend to his left only.hr and Dysore!#angalore train travels T 4ms in 4 hrs at H 4m.hr.X%X.7. A custmer named Oina bought an old lam3 and a rug.ence\$ there are only 4.ence\$ * ! T " % X and T%4*H Substituting these values in equation /\$ we get 4*H". /t means that #angalore!Dysore train travels * ! T" 4ms in & hr at X 4m.ence the rug must have cost Z + 8 7.'6\$ .'6 % 6.ow much did each costA Submitted by : Kimi Answer The lamp cost N 2.'6 for everything. A sim3le one.67 . The rug cost '6 cents more than the lam3.ence\$ the s3eed of #angalore!Dysore train is TF/-2 the s3eed of Dysore! #angalore train.. Drs.67 and the rug cost Z '. . . /t means that there are total 4.ence the equation 1 + 8 + 8 7. She 3aid a total of Z6.'6 '*+%6 + % '. clin4s..'6" Also\$ total cost is Z 6. Fatsherface had a garage sale. 0ow the right clin4 of each 3erson is left clin4 of the 3erson on right which is already ha33ened. Assume that the lam3 cost Z +.

3(.Brain *easer 2o < 00518 Frite &&&&. if X has factors of &\$Q\$T\$X" and H has factors of &\$T\$=\$H" then X*H has factors of &\$Q\$T\$T\$=\$X\$H".. if 0%3(.. a '43 digit number with all &s.g. +et5s start with 0%&&&. which is a multi3le of 3 hence 3(. /t is clear that 0 is divisible by 3.." * % the number of digits in 0 e.g. Also\$ *%. 3(.. Also\$ if we multi3ly 0 with Q we are essentially re3eating 0 for *!&" times. then *%3" Q % is a number constructed in the following way 1 a &\$ followed by *!&" 7s\$ followed by another &\$ followed by *!&" 7s\$ followed by another &. times" The resulting number &&&&&&&&& must be divisible by . e. From 9&:" Also\$ *%3 and Q%&77&77& 0*Q%&&&&&&&&& .. =e3eat the same 3rocedure for 0%&&&&&&&.. 9': Fhenever a number X" is multi3lied with another number H" then the 3roduct X*H" will have all the factors of X as well as all the factors of H in its set of factors... and Q is divisible by 3. '43 times" i. e. if 0%3(.. then *%3\$ Q%&77&77& and 0*Q%3(. +et 0 % any series of digits e. then *%3 and Q would be &77&77&" 0ote that Q will always be divisible by 3..g. 0ow\$ let5s start with 0%&&&&&&&&&. First here are a cou3le of things to note1 9&: A number whose digits add u3 to a multi3le of three is divisable by 3.g.g. )& times" must be divisible by )& as 0 is divisible by '< and Q is . as 0 and Q both are divisible by 3.. 0%3(. if 0%3(.. e..e.1 38(8. and Q%&77777777&77777777& 0*Q%&&&&&&&&&. is divisable by 3. /t is clear that 0 is divisible by . SubmittAnswer Qrove it using the mathematical induction. e.g. '< times" The resulting number &&&&&&&.3(. '< times" must be divisible by '< as 0 is divisible by .. '< times" The resulting number &&&&&&&. Qrove that it is divisible by '43.%&)1 &8)%.

.divisible by 3.ow many matches were there in the bo@ originallyA 0ote that the match!bo@ can hold ma@imum of 67 matches.0 '. There are 4' matches in the bo@ with which he could form a triangle '7\$ &6\$ <\$ with an area of 4' square inches.. matches in the match)3o7..utcherson for solution RRR edSaran bought a little bo@ of midget matches\$ each one inch in length.. &<\$ &7\$ . /2 '7\$ &6\$ <" 6. Thus\$ &&&&&&&. Also it is interesting to 4now that there are Eust 6 such triangles for which the 3erimeter and the area is the same assuming all sides are integers" and they are 1 &. %0 &3\$ &'\$ 6" 3.e then used u3 si@ of the matches\$ and found that with the remainder he could again construct another triangle whose area was Eust as many square inches as there were matches. '43 times" is divisible by '43.\$ '6\$ (" . And using another si@ matches he could again do 3recisely the same.. 2/ &7\$ )\$ (" '.." 4. There were either 4' or 3( matches in the match!bo@. %. Similarly\$ for 0%&&&&&&&. After using another (\$ the '4 remaining would form a triangle &7\$ )\$ (\$ with an area of '4 square inches. Answer >nitiall-& there were /2 or %. '43 times" must be divisible by '43 as 0 is divisible by )& and Q is divisible by 3..\$ with an area of 3( square inches. )& times" The resulting number &&&&&&&. . .e found that he could arrange them all in the form of a triangle whose area was Eust as many square inches as there were matches. After ( matches had been used\$ the remaining 3( matches would form a triangle &<\$ &7\$ . Thus\$ there are two 3ossible answers. Than4s to =yan . . After using another ( matches\$ the remaining 37 matches would form a triangle &3\$ &'\$ 6\$ with an area of 37 square inches.

Submitted by : Vaibhav Gupta . 2 ( ( 2 + ( ( 2 % . This can be easilty understood by the fig.Find the values of each of the al3habets. ( ( 2 '''''''''' K ) 2 E Answer >sing trial and error. The sum of all number lying in straight lines should be same. There are ' solutions to it and may be more. and hence solved. Fe have to construct a star using two triangle. 2 4 4 2 1 4 4 2 % 5 4 4 2 '''''''''' 9 0 2 6 4 1 1 4 5 1 1 4 % 0 1 1 4 '''''''''' 9 0 4 2 Fe have to fill number from & to &' at the intersection 3oint of two or more lines.

G Cnly one of the four is telling the truth. Kor a >K)TJ"2 statement to 3e false& >K part has to 3e true and TJ"2 part has to 3e false.3e have one answer where sum of all the numbers lying in straight lines is '\$. Since only one statement is true and remaining three are false\$ /F 3art of three statements are true ? T.20 3art of one statement is true. Brain *easer 2o < 00055 Dontu\$ #antu\$ -hantu and Qintu have 3ets. Dontu says\$ G/f Qintu and / each have a dog\$ then e@actly one of #antu and -hantu has a dog.G -hantu says\$ G/f Dontu and / each have a dog\$ then e@actly one of #antu and Qintu has a cat.G #antu says\$ G/f -hantu and / each have a cat\$ then e@actly one of Dontu and Qintu has a dog. If you have others. +et5s 3ut the given .G Qintu says\$ G/f #antu and / each have a cat\$ then e@actly one of #antu and / has a dog. Fho is telling the truthA Answer antu is telling the truth. do submit them.

nd the I* part of the statement made by &antu is false. 8hantu have a :og. 0ow everything else is sim3le. Montu Montu sa-s antu sa-s #hantu sa-s Eintu sa-s *og *og" *og antu #hantu Eintu *og" -at -at" -at *og" *og" -at *og *og *og" -at" -at *og" It is clear that the I* part of the statements made by 4ontu.e. Thus. &antu have a 8at.information in table. /f Abu can see two even numbers i. see the following diagram" . 4ontu have a :og and may or may not have a 8at. The die was 3ut on a table. 8hantu and 9intu are true as they do not contradict each other.20 3art. &antu is telling the truth. 9intu have a :og and a 8at. Brain *easer 2o < 00520 Somebody mar4ed the si@ faces of a die with the numbers &\$ ' and 3 ! each number twice. • *abu sees number ' twice and he can5t remember the third number. • Abu sees the number & and two even numbers. Four 3eo3le ! Abu\$ #abu\$ -alu and *abu ! sat around the table so that each one was able to see only three sides of the die at a glance. • #abu and -alu can see three different numbers each. number ' twice\$ and if *abu can see number ' twice\$ then number ' must be facing u3. The 3et!name in the normal te@t re3resents the /F 3art and the 3et!name in round brac4ets re3resents the T. Fhat number is face down on the tableA Answer 2um3er % is face down on the ta3le.

Two identical 3ac4 of cards A and # are shuffled throughly.63 So total 3robability of case & % &.earts on the to3 of the Qac4 # % &. 6& * 63" #A9" 2 ? Sing of .earts is not to be drawn" Qrobability of having Sing of . The to3 card from 3ac4 A is turned u3. Cne card is 3ic4ed from A and shuffled with #.earts on the to3 of the Qac4 # % '.Da!u A!u 1 0 2 2 1 Calu Ba!u Thus\$ the number hidden from the view is number 3 and hence the answer.earts from Qac4 A % &. 6& * 63" . #A9" 1 ? Sing of .63 So total 3robability of case ' % 67.earts is not to be drawn" Qrobability of having Sing of .2 @ 270% There are two cases to be considered.6& as Tueen of .earts from Qac4 A % 67.63" % ' .6&" * '. 6& * 63" 0ow adding both the 3robability\$ the required 3robability is % ' .eartsA Answer .earts\$ what are the chances that the to3 card in # will be the Sing of .6&" * &. 6& * 63" 8 67 . /f this is the Tueen of .earts is drawn from Qac4 A and shuffled with Qac4 # Qrobability of drawing Sing of .earts is not drawn from Qac4 A Qrobability of not drawing Sing of .63" % 67 .6& as Tueen of .

ere\$ we have essentially 3ulled the cubes a3art and stuc4 cubes bac4 in 3lace wherever we 3lease. Thus\$ total ways edge cubes can be 3laced % &'R" * 'W&'". 2ach of these ) cubes can be turned in 3 different directions\$ so there are 3W) orientations altogether. /t turns out that you can5t turn the faces in such a way as to switch the 3ositions of two cubes while returning all the others to their original 3ositions.'3<) .ow many 3ossible combinations are there in a 3@3@3 rubics cubeA /n other words\$ if you wanted to solve the rubics cube by trying different combinations\$ how many might it ta4e you worst case senerio"A . .3'6' * &7W&. Similarly\$ for 4@4@4 =ubics total different 3ossible combinations are . +et5s consider 3@3@3 =ubics first.% 6' . 2ach of these &' cubes can be turned in ' different directions\$ so there are 'W&' orientations altogether./012 C 10D/. #ut if you get all but one of the corner cube into chosen 3ositions and orientations\$ only one of 3 orientations of the final corner cube is 3ossible. possi3le com3inations for /7/7/ 1u3ics. #ut if you get all but one of the edge cube into chosen 3ositions and orientations\$ only one of ' orientations of the final edge cube is 3ossible. /n reality\$ we can only move cubes around by turning the faces of the cubes. There are ) corner cubes\$ which can be arranged in )R ways.7&.ence\$ we must divide by '. 6& * 63" % 6' . '<73 % 7. ' % )R" * 3W<" * &'R" * 'W&7" % 4.' % &'R" * 'W&&" .2 C 10D19 possi3le com3inations for %7%7% 1u3ics and 7.%2. Thus\$ total ways corner cubes can be 3laced % )R" * 3W)". Total different 3ossible combinations are % 9 )R" * 3W<": * 9 &'R" * 'W&&": .) % )R" * 3W<" Similarly\$ &' edge cubes can be arranged in &'R ways.ow many for a 4@4@4 cubeA Submitted Answer There are /. Thus if you get all but two cubes in 3lace\$ there is only one attainable choice for them not 'R".

4RW(".% 9 )R" * 3W<": * 9 '4R": * 9 '4R" . 0ow use trial!n!error method. #ut 3attern on one side is rotated in 4 directions over ( faces\$ hence divide by '4.g. Brain *easer 2o < 00528 Substitute digits for the letters to ma4e the following relation true. '". if you substitute 3 for the letter D\$ no other letter can be 3 and all other D in the 3uBBle must be 3.47&&. '4R" . e. Also\$ there must be a one!to!one ma33ing between digits and letters. 2 5 % E E 3 A E 3 . '4 % <. E E ''''''''''''''''' A 5 ( 2 E 0ote that the leftmost letter can5t be Bero in any word. 2 E 3 E 4 5 % E A 3 . 4RW(": . /f you hire 6 3eo3le randomly\$ what are the chances you will hire at least & 3air of . Also\$ there are 4 center cubes 3er face i. Hou can switch ' cubes without affecting the rest of the combination as 4*4*4 has even dimensions hence no division by '".() * &7W46 0ote that there are '4 edge cubes\$ which you can not turn in ' orientations hence no 'W'4 . 4 E E % 2 0 1 1 4 5 1 4 6 9 1 1 ''''''''''''''''' ''''''''''''''''' A 5 ( 2 E 5 0 0 2 1 There are '7 3eo3le in your a33licant 3ool\$ including 6 3airs of identical twins. This is the only entry 3oint to solve it. Answer A tough oneRRR Since = 8 2 8 2 % &7 8 2\$ it is clear that = 8 2 % &7 and neither = nor 2 is equal to 7 or 6.e.

identical twinsA 0eedless to say\$ this could cause trouble K"" SubmAnswer The pro3a3ilit.) * 4.to hire .8/ Thus\$ total 3ossible ways to hire 6 3eo3le without a single 3air of indentical twins % &&6)4 ways So\$ total 3ossible ways to hire 6 3eo3le with at least a single 3air of indentical twins % &6674 ! &&6)4 % 3.< &7-6 * ). 3. &7-3 * ). * (..28< 6 3eo3le from the '7 3eo3le can be hired in '7-6 % &6674 ways.'7 ways . 0ow\$ divide '7 3eo3le into two grou3s of &7 3eo3le each 1 O& ! with all twins O' ! with all 3eo3le other than twins +et5s find out all 3ossible ways to hire 6 3eo3le without a single 3air of indentical twins. Eeople from A1 7 & ' 3 4 6 Eeople from A2 6 4 3 ' & 7 2o of wa-s to hire A1 without a single pair of indentical twins &7-7 &7-& &7-' * ).. is not a multi3le of )\$ it is a number between '7 and '.. is not a multi3le of &7\$ it is a number between 37 and 3.&6674 % '46.e gives 3 clues to Xay1 /f the number of 2ggs / have &. is a multi3le of 6\$ it is a number between & and &. % 7. * (.'7.. .( 2o of wa-s to hire A2 &7-6 &7-4 &7-3 &7-' &7-& &7-7 Total Total wa-s '6' '&77 4)77 3(77 )77 3' 11.')Nitted Meeru says to Xay\$ G-an you figure out how many 2ggs / have in my buc4etAG .ence\$ the 3robability to hire 6 3eo3le with at least a single 3air of indentical twins % 3. '.(.'6') % '6... people with at least 1 pair of identical twins is 2.< * '. * (.) &7-4 * ).) * 4.

ence\$ the 3ossible numbers are 6\$ &7\$ &6\$ '&\$ ''\$ '3\$ '4\$ '6\$ '(\$ '<\$ ')\$ '." Cnly number 3' is there in all 3 result sets. Submit Answer Users Answer (14) BrainV Dr. Dr.. #lac4\$ Dr..ence\$ the 3ossible numbers are )\$ &(\$ '7\$ '&\$ ''\$ '3\$ '6\$ '(\$ '<\$ ')\$ '.. ..is wearing lac* suit.ence\$ the 3ossible numbers are &7\$ '7\$ 3&\$ 3'\$ 33\$ 34\$ 36\$ 3(\$ 3<\$ 3)\$ 3. Mr.\$ 3'" Third condition says that if not a multi3le of &7\$ then the number is between 37 and 3. Fhite and Dr. They were wearing a blac4 suit\$ a white suit and a grey suit\$ not necessarily in the same order." Second condition says that if not a multi3le of )\$ then the number is between '7 and '.suit. . Orey sent message\$ GFe all are wearing suit that are of the same color as our names but none of us is wearing a suit that is the same color as his name. First condition says that if multi3le of 6\$ then the number is between & and &. Also\$ he was not wearing white suit as the 3erson wearing white suit res3onded to his comment. Dr. Are. Orey must not be wearing grey suit as that is the same colour as his name. . .\$ 37\$ 3&\$ 3'\$ 33\$ 34\$ 36\$ 3(\$ 3<\$ 3)\$ 3.ence\$ Meeru have 3' eggs in his buc4et. Ihite is wearing Are. So Dr Orey must be wearing a blac4 suit. Orey were chatting in the Hahoo conference. That means that only number 3' satisfies all three conditions. . lac* is wearing Ihite suit.G Cn that a 3erson wearing the white suit re3lied\$ GFhat difference does that ma4eAG -an you tell what color suit each of the three 3ersons had onA Answer Mr. Mr.ow many 2ggs does Meeru have in his buc4etA Answer %2 eggs +et5s a33ly all 3 condition se3arately and 3ut all 3ossible numbers together.

Also\$ A#. as all al3habet should re3resent different digits" 0ow\$ consider *2F % ( * /2. #lac4 must be wearing white suit. Answer A& M D are malesO # is female.&K out of which only (4\$ <3 and )' satisfies the condition. • A or # is -5s only son. Fhite must be wearing a grey suit.& >47 +et5s start with O.and * are related to each other. . 0ote that / a33ears on both the side.\$ *%4\$ 2%3\$ F%)\$ O%(\$ . Cut of three short!listed values\$ only <3 satisfies the equation.E 0 6 9 0ote that the same number must be used for the same letter whenever it a33ears.is *5s sister.% 3 * /2 is satisfied by <3. .E ''' = . • # or . • Cne of the four is the o33osite se@ from each of the other three.%6\$ /%< 219 408 651 ''' = 10 0 ''' = 10 6 ''' = 10 9 Brain *easer 2o < 00014 A\$ #\$ . ''' = .& J4.Similarly\$ Dr. The 3ossible values of /2 are &. Substitute numbers for the letters so that the following mathematical e@3ressions are correct. Also\$ after multi3lying /2 by .ence\$ A%'\$ #%&\$ -%. And\$ Dr./ % .ence\$ Dr.son.E ''' = . * /2. Orey is wearing a blac4 suit. A M D are #Ps 3rothers. Fhite must be wearing either blac4 suit or grey suit.\$ ')\$ 3<\$ 4(\$ 66\$ (4\$ <3\$ )' and . ABC DEI G9. • * is A5s brother or only daughter. Answer A42& 41& #49& D4/& "4%& K48& A4. is #Ps onl. the answer should have / at the unit5s 3lace. . #ut Dr.

e. . Thus\$ .ence\$ our assum3tion was wrong. .e. *o+ittle ta4e to reach home from the clinicA Oive the minimal 3ossible answer.ence\$ * is A5s brother i. *o+ittle always goes wal4ing to the clinic and ta4es the same time while going and while coming bac4. From 4"\$ let5s say that # is *5s sister i.is Female.A" ale# ''' C"De ale# ''' D" ale# B" ale# For4 out which relation can hold and discard the contradictory o3tions. And # must be -5s only son. * is a Dale. Similarly in twelve hours\$ the minute hand and the hour hand are e@actly o33osite to each other for && times. /t means that after every &'.e. And he is . seconds /n twelve hours\$ the minute hand and the hour hand are together for && times. A must be a Dale as only one of them is of o33osite se@ from each of the other three.ow are they related to each otherA *r. Cne day he noticed something.e.ow much time does *r. . From 3"\$ A is -5s only son i. . 0ow it is clear that * ? # are Dales and . Fhen he left the home\$ the hour hand and the minute hand were e@actly o33osite to each other and when he reached the clinic\$ they were together.is *5s sister i. A is Dale.? *5s brother.&& hours\$ both the hands are o33osite.is Female... #ut * is A5s brother which means that A is not -5s only son. . /t means that after every &'. Similarly\$ when he left the clinic\$ the hour hand and the minute hand were together and when he reached the home\$ they were e@actly o33osite to each other. From '" and 4"\$ * can not be a only daughter and have a sister # or -". # is Female.&& hours\$ both the hands are together. Answer %2 minutes /%.

The si@th such time is 9(8(* &'. Diss Shala4a5s wor4 requires her to s3ea4 on the 3hone frequently throughout the day.ow many Slow=un 2@3ress did he cross during his EourneyA Answer Mr. *o+ittle ta4es 3' minutes and 43. Sinha\$ Dr. Also\$ he would have crossed the last train Eust before reaching #angalore on Saturday. .0ow\$ let5s ta4e an e@am3le.&&": hours and so on. '.aani must have crossed < Slow=un 2@3resses during his Eourney. . Diss Shudha is allergic to smo4e and must have non!smo4ers adEacent to her. Dr. &. The first train he would have crossed is the one scheduled to arrive at Dumbai at &&137 QD the same day i. Solan4i needs silence during wor4. Diss Shudha 3refers cabin number 6 as 6 is her luc4y number.&&": hours\$ 9(83* &'. +et5s say that Dr.&&": hours\$ 9(8'* &'.ence\$ *r. Dr. . Si@ cabins numbered &!( consecutively\$ are arranged in a row and are se3arated by thin dividers. Slow=un 2@3ress runs between #angalore and Dumbai\$ For the u3 as well as the down Eourney\$ the train leaves the starting station at &7177 QD everyday and reaches the destination at &&137 QD after three days.aani travelled by Slow=un 2@3ress on Fednesday &7177QD from Dumbai. Fe 4now that at &' both the hands are together and at ( both the hands are e@actly o33osite to each other. . Shaan and Dr. Thus\$ Dr. Sharma often tal4 to each other during their wor4 and 3refers to have adEacent cabins. 6.( seconds to reach home from the clinic. 3. Dr. Shaan and Dr. Solan4i all smo4e.e. After (\$ both the hands are in o33osition at 9(8 &'. Jaani crossed 7 9low1un "7presses during his !ourne-.aani once travelled by Slow=un 2@3ress from Dumbai to #angalore. -an you tell the cabin numbers of each of themA Answer . the one that left #angalore at &7177 QD on last Sunday.&&": hours which is the first time after &'. 4.( . Dr. These cabins must be assigned to si@ staff members based on following facts. Thus after &'\$ both the hands are o33osite to each other at &'13'143.

• Fhen it rains or snows\$ service on the lines A\$ > and I is delayed both morning and afternoon. Sharma must be in cabin 4. Sinha\$ Dr. Solan4i must be in cabin &. . 9haan& Mr. Solan4i all smo4e\$ they must be in cabin numbers &\$ ' and 3 not necessarily in the same order.. • Fhen the tem3erature rises above 47 -\$ afternoon service is cancelled on either line / or line I\$ but not both. Shaan ? Dr. are of Mr. Shaan is in cabin 3 who often tal4s to Dr. Also\$ Diss Shala4a and Dr. . Sharma\$ 6V Diss Shudha\$ (V Diss Shala4a S4yFi city is served by ( subway lines ! A\$ 2\$ /\$ C\$ > and I. • Fhen it snows\$ morning service on line 2 is delayed. Cn February &7\$ it snows all day with the tem3erature at &)-. 9olan*i& Mr. From 3"\$ Dr. • Fhen service on line I is delayed or cancelled\$ service on line 2 is also delayed. • Fhen service on line A is delayed or cancelled\$ service on line / is also delayed. Sharma must be in cabin 4 and (. • Fhen it snows\$ morning service on line 2 is delayed. Shaan must be in cabin 3 and Dr. Thus\$ Diss Shala4a is in cabin (. • Fhen the tem3erature dro3s below '7 -\$ afternoon service is cancelled on either line A or line C\$ but not both. Shaan\$ 4V Dr.The ca3ins from left to right :1). Thus\$ the cabins numbers are &V Dr. As Diss Shudha is allergic to smo4e and Dr.ence\$ Dr. Solan4i\$ 'V Dr. Solan4i needs silence during wor4 and Dr. Sinha\$ 3V Dr. Sinha is in cabin '. 9harma& Miss 9hudha and Miss 9hala*a. 9inha& Mr. From '"\$ cabin number 6 is assigned to Diss Shudha. Sharma during wor4\$ Dr. • Fhen the tem3erature rises above 47 -\$ afternoon service is cancelled on either line / or line I\$ but not both. • Fhen the tem3erature dro3s below '7 -\$ afternoon service is cancelled on either line A or line C\$ but not both. As Dr. Cn how many lines service will be delayed or cancelled\$ including both morning and afternoonA S4yFi city is served by ( subway lines ! A\$ 2\$ /\$ C\$ > and I. • Fhen it rains or snows\$ service on the lines A\$ > and I is delayed both morning and afternoon.

Cn February &7\$ it snows all day with the tem3erature at &)-.. .. /f 3.igh School % # Therefore\$ number of girls graduated from -ity . .4 of the girls and 6. 93*#: % <.(" #" % # * 3.3"# Fraction of the graduates that year went to college immediately after graduation % 9 <.igh School was twice the number of boys.4" '*#" 8 6.• • Fhen service on line A is delayed or cancelled\$ service on line / is also delayed.ence\$ total students went to college % 3. Therefore\$ the answer is <.igh School % '*# /t is given that 3.3"#: .' 8 6.4 of the girls and 6. Cn how many lines service will be delayed or cancelled\$ including both morning and afternoonA /n a certain game\$ if ' wi@somes are worth 3 changs\$ and 4 changs are worth & 3lut\$ then ( 3lutes are worth how many wi@somesA Answer /t is given that ' wi@somes % 3 changs ) wi@somes % &' changs !!!!! /" Also\$ given that 4 changs % & 3lut &' changs % 3 3lutes ) wi@somes % 3 3lutes !!!!! From /" Therefore\$ ( 3lutes % &( wi@somes /n a certain year\$ the number of girls who graduated from -ity .( of the boys went to college immediately after graduation\$ what fraction of the graduates that year went to college immediately after graduationA Answer Assume that number of boys graduated from -ity .(" % <.( of the boys went to college immediately after graduation. Fhen service on line I is delayed or cancelled\$ service on line 2 is also delayed.

ow many sac4s were each of them carryingA Oive the minimal 3ossible answer. As the don4ey told the mule\$ G/f you gave me one of your sac4s /5d have double what you have. Fho came in firstA Submitted Answer Eerson A came in first. Qerson A runs '7 m3h to and from the 3oint. The don4ey said to him GFhy are you com3lainingA /f you gave me one of your sac4s /5d have double what you have and if / give you one of my sac4s we5d have an even amount.G . sac*s and the don*e.ence\$ the mule was carrying 6 sac4s and the don4ey was carrying < sac4s. .G * 8 & % ' * D!&" * 8 & % 'D ! ' * % 'D ! 3 The don4ey also said\$ G/f / give you one of my sac4s we5d have an even amount.G *!&%D8& *%D8' -om3aring both the equations\$ 'D ! 3 % D 8 ' D%6 Substituting D%6 in any of above equation\$ we get *%< . edTwo 3eo3le enter a race in whic4 you run to a 3oint and bac4. The mule started com3laining that his load was too heavy. SubmittAnswer The mule was carr-ing . +et5s assume that the mule was carrying D sac4s and the don4ey was carrying * sac4s. +et5s assume that the distance between start and the 3oint is * miles.A mule and a don4ey were carrying full sac4s on their bac4s.was carr-ing 7 sac*s. Qerson # runs to the 3oint going &7 m3h and 37 m3h going bac4.

.ence\$ when Qerson A '7 m3h forward" reached the 3oint\$ Qerson # &7 m3h forward" was halfway..e.'7" % *. .' 8 &.&') % &'<.ow much of the 3iBBa would he have eaten during the wee4A Submitted Answer Mar* would have ate 127@128 :99.4 8 &..e ate half of what was left on Tuesday and so on.&7 % 7.&( 8 &. &.&333* Thus\$ Qerson A is the Finner. Thus\$ Qerson A wins the race and by that time Qerson # covers only half the distance\$ no matter how far the 3oint isRRR Dar4 ate half of a 3iBBa on Donday. . of the pi++a during the wee*. .&6 % 7.37" % '*.4 of the original 3iBBa.3' 8 &.) 8 &. Alternatively if you don5t li4e mathematics K""\$ analyse the situation as follow1 0ote that initially s3eed of Qerson A '7 m3h" was twice the s3eed of Qerson # &7 m3h".) of the original 3iBBa on Fednesday and so on for the seven days.&* Total time ta4en by Qerson # to finish % *.&7" 8 *.(4 8 &. .22<. Fhen Qerson A '7 m3h bac4" finished\$ Qerson # still &7 m3h forward" reached the 3oint. Similarly\$ he would have ate &. Total 3iBBa Dar4 ate during the wee4 is % &.G The 3ro3osal was immediately agreed. .owever\$ four members of the -lub chose to resign\$ leaving the remaining members to 3ay an e@tra =s '( each.e followed this 3attern for one wee4. Dar4 ate half the 3iBBa on Donday.&') % .''N of the original 3iBBa /n the Oeneral meeting of GFriends -lubG\$ Sameer said\$ GThe re3airs to the -lub will come to a total of =s 3&'7 and / 3ro3ose that this amount should be met by the members\$ each 3aying an equal amount.Total time ta4en by Qerson A to finish % *.'7" 8 *. Cn Tuesday\$ he would have ate half of the remaining 3iBBa i.

A rich old Arab has three sons..37 3art of the tan4.&6 i.e.had 2/ mem3ers. &( minutes.ence\$ the -lub originally had '4 members. 0" % '( * 0 ! 4" &'4)7 % '(0' ! &740 '(0' ! &740 ! &'4)7 % 7 Solving the quadratic equation we get 0%'4. Brain *easer 2o < 00206 A tan4 can be filled by 3i3e A in 37 minutes and by 3i3e # in '4 minutes. Thus\$ the net water level in one minute is % &. Fhen he died\$ he willed his &< camels to the sons\$ to be divided as follows1 First Son to get &.can em3ty the full tan4 in one hour and twenty minutes. /f the tan4 is em3ty initially and if all the three 3i3es A\$ # and .3rd of the camels Third .)7 3art of the tan4. /n one minute\$ 3i3e A can fill &.ence\$ the tan4 will be full in '47. As 4 members resigned and remaining members 3aid =s '( each\$ it means that total amount of 4 members is equal to =s '( each from remaining 0!4" members.can em3ty &. minutes. 3i3e # can fill &.)7 % &6.'4 ! &.are o3ened simultaneously\$ in how much time will the tan4 be fullA Answer The tan* will 3e full in 1. Cutlet 3i3e .' of the camels Second Son to get &. Assume that there were initially 0 members.ow many members did the -lub originally haveA Answer The #lu3 originall.'47 3art of the tan4 . 3i3e .'4 3art of the tan4. Thus\$ 4 * 3&'7 . .37 8 &.

.. They sto3 him and as4 him to hel3 them solve their 3roblem. Second son got &.. . of it % ' For a total of &<. years. First son got &.. . There were two men standing on a street. '3( 334 .' of it % . First you need to find all the 3ossible sets of three numbers that when multi3lied equals 3(1 & & 3( & ' &) & 3 &' &4.G So\$ the first guy says\$ GThe sum of their ages is equal to the address of the house across the street.th of the camels.e then ta4es his camel bac4 and rides away. Fhat is the age of the C+*2ST daughterAG The second guy says\$ G/ need more information.3 of it % ( Third son got &.. &(( ''. Fithout hesitation he divides the camels 3ro3erly and continues riding on his way.G The second guy loo4s at the address and says\$ G/ still need more information.G Answer The answer is .G So\$ the first guy says\$ GDy oldest daughter wears a red dress.Son to get &. The one says to the other\$ G/ have 3 daughters\$ the 3roduct of their ages is 3(..ow did he do itA Answer The old man tem3orarily added his camel to the &<\$ ma4ing a total of &) camels.. The sons are sitting there trying to figure out how this can 3ossibly be done\$ when a very old wise man goes riding by.

2ach bo@ contains ' envelo3es. Therefore\$ the answer is . So & ( ( can5t 3ossibly be the answer. Fhen the first guy said that his C+*2ST daugher wears a red dress that meant that there had to be the oldest. % &4 & ( ( % &3 ' ' . &7777 each. &7777 each.. &6777 each and remaining two contain =s. Submit User Answer There are 3 colored bo@es ! =ed\$ Oreen and #lue. For him to need more information that means that at least two of the sets of numbers has the same sum. . years old. So the 3ossible 3ossiblity is ' ' . /0000 As it is given that only one of the given 3 statements is trueK assume in turn\$ each statement to be true ? the other ' false and chec4 whether the corres3onding bo@ contains the ma@imum amount. 2ach envelo3e contains money ! two of them contain =s. % &3 ' 3 ( % && 3 3 4 % &7 2ven though we don5t 4now the address the guy 4nows it. '6777 each. and the C+*2ST daughter is . '6777 each\$ two of them contain =s. There is one statement written on the cover of each bo@. -an you tell which bo@ contains the ma@imum amount and how muchA Answer lue 3o7 contains the ma7imum amount 1s.Then you add the numbers together to find the sum & & 3( % 3) & ' &) % '& & 3 &' % &( & 4 . Two of them do\$ & ( ( and ' ' . &6777 each. * =ed #o@1 #oth\$ a red bo@ and a blue bo@ contain =s. * #lue #o@1 #oth\$ a blue bo@ and a green bo@ contain =s. Cnly one of the above 3 statements is true and the corres3onding bo@ contains the ma@imum amount. * Oreen #o@1 #oth\$ a green bo@ and a red bo@ contain =s..

e. • /f you add the digits of the runs scored by Sachin to his own score\$ you will get the runs scored by *ravid. assuming =ed bo@ statement true and then Oreen bo@ statement true. -an you figure out their individual scoresA Answer 9achin& Dravid and Aangul. '6777.. 3.. &7777. '. runs. Snutson ! who is the o33osite se@ than =endler ! isn5t the 3erson who wanted to com3lain about a mail carrier. * Atmost one\$ a green bo@ or a red bo@ contains =s. 4. Oianni is two 3laces ahead of the 3erson who wants to buy stam3s.& 87 and 78 respectivel-. &7777 8 =s. +au is Eust ahead of Qimentelli who is the same se@ as +au. • The total runs scored by them is '47. Thus\$ the given 3 statements can be inter3reted as * Atmost one\$ a red bo@ or a blue bo@ contains =s. &. each. The first 3erson is a woman. Ooing through all 3ossible combinations\$ we can conclude that =ed #o@ 1 =s. 6.+et5s assume that the statement on the #lue bo@ is true. /n both the cases\$ other statements will contradict the true statement. &6777 % =s. 36777 Oreen #o@ 1 =s. Sachin5s score must be less than )(\$ otherwise *ravid5s score would be more than .. Sachin\$ *ravid and Oanguly 3layed in a -ric4et match between /ndia and 2ngland. '6777 #lue #o@ 1 =s. and the total runs scored by them is '47K their individual scores must be around )7. • /f you reverse the digits of the runs scored by *ravid\$ you will get the runs scored by Oanguly. '6777 % =s. 2ach has two different 3ieces of business to conduct. Three men\$ including Oianni and three woman\$ including Sachi are in line at the #rentFood 3ost office. * #oth\$ a blue bo@ and a green bo@ contain =s. Also\$ as none of them scored more than . -arlos wants to send an overnight 3ac4age. • 0one of them scored more than . &6777 8 =s.. '6777 % =s.scored 7.. Also\$ he must have scored atleast 4' ! incase *ravid and Oanguly scored . &7777 8 =s. . &6777 each. 0ow\$ use trial!n!error method to solve the teaser. 47777 Hou can test out for other two statements i.

&'. Dary is Eust behind a 3erson who wants to send an insured 3ac4age. &3. The 3erson who wants to send Airmail to Tibet is either two 3laces ahead of or two 3laces behind the one who wants to add 3ostage to his or her meter. &7. . The si@ 3eo3le\$ not necessarily in the same order are ! Anthony\$ *onna\$ the 3erson who wants to fill out a change!of!address form\$ the one who wants to buy a money order\$ the one who wants to send Airmail to Tibet and the second 3erson in the line. Submit Answer Answer A very TC>O. The 3erson who wants to send boo4s fourth class is Eust behind a 3erson of the same se@. -an you figure out where each customer is in the line\$ his or her full name one surname is +oti" and the two things he or she wants to accom3lishA Qrovide your answer is QCS/T/C0 ! F/=ST 0AD2 ! +AST 0AD2 ! #>S/02SS format. ToriseBa is two 3laces ahead of the 3erson who wants to 3ic4 u3 a 3ac4age..(. Snutson isn5t Eust ahead of the 3erson who wants to send an item 3arcel 3ost. Anthony isn5t two 3laces behind the who wants to 3ic4u3 a registered letter. 3uBBle RRR E69 K>19T 2AM" BA9T 2AM" & ' 3 4 6 Sachi Oianni -arlos *onna Dary +oti +au Qimentelli ToriseBa Snutson =9>2"99 [ Fill Cut a -hange!of!Address Form [ Add Qostage to Deter [ Qic4 >3 a =egistered +etter [ Send an /tem Qarcel Qost [ Cvernight Qac4age [ Send Airmail to Tibet [ #uy Stam3s [ Send an /nsured Qac4age [ #uy a Doney Crder [ Send #oo4s fourth -lass Users Answer (8) . <. &&. The four tas4s of the last two 3eo3le in line\$ not necessarily in the same order are ! sending boo4s fourth class\$ buying a money order\$ 3ic4ing u3 a 3ac4age and com3laining about a mail carrier. ).

Also\$ the ma@imum 3ossible value of 2 is <. if you substitute 3 for the letter F\$ no other letter can be 3 and all other F in the 3uBBle must be 3. Also\$ there must be a one!to!one ma33ing between digits and letters. Fhat is the angle between the hour and the minute handsA The answer to this is not BeroR" Answer 7. e.( Anthony =endler [ -om3lain About a Dail -arrier [ Qic4 >3 a Qac4age Brain *easer 2o < 00164 Substitute digits for the letters to ma4e the following relation true.g.. = ( 4 5 D % * 4 A D E % 5 0 6 8 4 1 6 0 4 2 '''''''''''' C E 2 * E 4 '''''''''''' 1 2 9 1 2 6 Brain *easer 2o < 00101 /f you loo4 at a cloc4 and the time is 31&6. = ( 4 5 D % * 4 A D E ''''''''''''' C E 2 * E 4 0ote that the leftmost letter can5t be Bero in any word. /t is obvious that -%&. degrees . Answer A tough one. 0ow\$ start 3utting 3ossible values of *\$ 2 and = as they occure frequently and use trial!n! error.

. . .&' % 37 degrees.ence &. • T is the middle term.ence\$ forth bo@ must contain ) a33les.ence the answer is &\$ '\$ 4\$ )\$ &(\$ 3'\$ (4\$ &')\$ '6(\$ 4).e can as4 for 3 a33les\$ in that case bo@ one and bo@ two will add u3 to 3. • The a33le vandor can as4 for only & a33le\$ so one bo@ must contain & a33le.e as4s his son to 3lace all the &777 a33les in all the &7 bo@es in such a manner that if he as4s for any number of a33les from & to &777\$ his son should be able to 3ic4 them in terms of bo@es. • 0ow using bo@ number one\$ two and three containing &\$ ' and 4 a33les res3ectively\$ his son can give u3to < a33les.4 of angle between 3 and 4. • . . . Answer &\$ '\$ 4\$ )\$ &(\$ 3'\$ (4\$ &')\$ '6(\$ 4). • > is as much less than T as = is greater than S.e. third bo@ must contain 4 a33les.e can as4 for 4 a33les\$ so one bo@ i.At 31&6 minute hand will be 3erfactly horiBontal 3ointing towards 3. +et5s start from scratch. The angle between two adEacent digits is 3(7. An a33le vendor has &777 a33les and &7 em3ty bo@es. This is true for any number of a33les\$ here in our case only u3to &777. • Similarly\$ using first four bo@es containing &\$ '\$ 4 and ) a33les\$ his son can give u3to &6 a33les.. Also\$ hour hand must have covered &.6 degrees. Fhereas hour hand will be towards 4. • Q is 3 greater than S. Brain *easer 2o < 00261 The letters Q\$ T\$ =\$ S\$ T\$ > and M\$ not necessarily in that order re3resents seven consecutive integers from '' to 33. • . • M is greater than >. .ow did the son 3lace all the a33les among the &7 bo@es\$ given that any number of a33les can be 3ut in one bo@.ence fifth bo@ must contain &( a33les. • Hou must have noticed one thing till now that each bo@ till now contains 3ower of ' a33les.4 of it is <.e can as4 for ' a33les\$ so one bo@ must contain ' a33les. . .

e gave out '77 ru3ees every evening. .e did not allow any woman to wor4 without her husband. 9': \\\ \>\ \S\ \T\ \=\ \Q\ \\\ From '" M must be the highest and the remaining T must be the lowest number. A contractor had em3loyed &77 labourers for a flyover construction tas4. >sing trial and error\$ it can be found that there must be ' letters between them. \T\ \>\ \S\ \T\ \=\ \Q\ \M\ Thus\$ the sequence of letters from the lowest value to the highest value is T>ST=QM. Also\$ it is 3ossible only in o3tion 9': above. . 9&: \\\ \S\ \\\ \T\ \Q\ \\\ \\\ 9': \\\ \\\ \S\ \T\ \\\ \Q\ \\\ From &"\$ the number of letters between > and T must be same as the number of letters between S and =. . Also\$ the number of letters between them can be &\$ ' or 3.-an you find the sequence of letters from the lowest value to the highest valueA Answer The se8uence of letters from the lowest value to the highest value is T=9H1E0. From 3"\$ T is the middle term.ow many men\$ women and children were wor4ing with the constructorA Answer 1. Also\$ atleast half the men wor4ing came with their wives. men& 12 women and 72 children were wor*ing with the constructor. .e 3aid five ru3ees 3er day to each man\$ four ru33es to each woman and one ru3ee to each child. . \\\ \\\ \\\ \T\ \\\ \\\ \\\ From 4"\$ there must be e@actly ' numbers between Q and S which gives two 3ossible 3ositions.

So .< i. And then he has 3 butts for another cigar. . . originals from the '< butts he found\$ and after he smo4es them he has .4') if H % X.e ma4es .'. Also\$ X%&( and H%&' There were &( men\$ &' women and <' children wor4ing with the constructor.&& i. A 3ilgrim came to the town with certain number of flowers. Substituting these limiting values in equations\$ we get if H % X\$ 377 ! 4I % 3I ! '77 <I % 677 I % 677. <&.<'< #ut I must be an integer\$ hence I%<'. butts left for another 3 cigars.e.838&%&3 /n a small town\$ there are three tem3les in a row and a well in front of each tem3le.' (77 ! )I % 3I ! '77 &&I % )77 I % )77.e.ence\$ X 8 H 8 I % &77 6X 8 4H 8 I % '77 2liminating X and H in turn from these equations\$ we get X % 3I ! '77 H % 377 ! 4I As if woman wor4s\$ her husband also wor4s and atleast half the men wor4ing came with their wivesK the value of H lies between X and X. #ecause cigars cannot be entirely smo4ed\$ a #obo who collects cigar butts can ma4e a cigar to smo4e out of every 3 butts that he finds.+et5s assume that there were X men\$ H women and I children wor4ing with the constructor.ow many cigars will he be able to smo4eA Answer 1% not &' . Today\$ he has collected '< cigar butts.'\$ 377 ! 4I % 3I ! '77". <'. .

. #ut it is given that there were no flowers left when he came out of third tem3le.and he offered 8 flowers to each Aod. . Assume that the 3ilgrim had X flowers initially and he offered H flowers to each Ood. /t means that )X ! <H" % 7 )X % <H The minimum values of X and H are < and ) res3ectively to satisfy above equation. /n general\$ the 3ilgrim had <0 flowers initially and he offered )0 flowers to each Ood\$ where 0 % &\$ '\$ 3\$ 4\$ .ow many flower did he offer to each OodA Answer The pilgrim had 7 flowers& initiall.e offered few flowers to the Ood in third tem3le.ere also\$ before entering the tem3le he washed the remaining flowers with the water of well. There were no flowers left when 3ilgrim came out of third tem3le and he offered same number of flowers to the Ood in all three tem3les. And again his flowers doubled. . From the above figure\$ there are )X ! <H" flowers when the 3ilgrim came out of the third tem3le. . . .#efore entering the first tem3le\$ he washed all the flowers he had with the water of well.e offered few flowers to the Ood in the first tem3le and moved to the second tem3le. .e offered few flowers to the Ood in second tem3le and moved to the third tem3le.ence\$ the 3ilgrim had < flowers and he offered ) flowers to each Ood..ere also\$ his flowers doubled after washing them with water.. .. Fhat is the minimum number of flowers the 3ilgrim had initiallyA . To his sur3rise\$ flowers doubled.

Brain *easer 2o < 00402 Tanya wants to go on a date and 3refers her date to be tall\$ dar4 and handsome. Adam and -ruB are either both tall or both short. Fho is Tanya5s dateA Answer #ru+ is Tan-aPs date. -onsider a game of Tower of . Adam and -ruB are handsome. -ruB is *ar4. From 4" and 6"\$ there are only two 3ossibilities1 * Adam ? -ruB both are tall and #ond ? *umbo both are fair.andsome #ond ! .anoi li4e the one that you can 3lay on #rainMista". '. As no two of them have the same number of 3referred traits ! from &"\$ e@actly one of them has none of the 3referred traits and e@actly one of them has all the 3referred traits. Thus\$ following are the individual 3referred traits1 -ruB ! Tall\$ *ar4 and . #ut from '"\$ second 3ossibility is im3ossible. #ond and *umbo are either both dar4 or both fair. 4. So the first one is the correct 3ossibility i.andsome *umbo ! 0one 1! . . 6. * Adam ? -ruB both are short and #ond ? *umbo both are dar4. Also\$ *umbo is the 3erson without any 3referred traits.andsome Adam ! Tall and . Also\$ from &" and '"\$ Adam is tall and fair.e. &. Cnly Adam or *umbo is tall and fair.ence\$ -ruB is Tanya5s date. /f the tower has ' discs\$ the least 3ossible moves with which you can move the entire tower to another 3eg is 3. Cf the 3referred traits ! tall\$ dar4 and handsome ! no two of Adam\$ #ond\$ -ruB and *umbo have the same number. Cnly #ond or -ruB is short and handsome. Adam ? -ruB both are tall and #ond ? *umbo both are fair. 3. Then from 3"\$ #ond is short and handsome.

To get 4) 3ieces\$ the boy have to 3ut only 4< cuts. For & disc\$ number of moves % & For ' discs\$ number of moves % 3 For 3 discs\$ number of moves % < For 4 discs\$ number of moves % &6 For 6 discs\$ number of moves % 3& Thus\$ the 3attern is '0 ] & A boy found that he had a 4) inch stri3 of 3a3er. i.. Thus\$ the recursive function is F &" % & F 0" % '*9F 0!&": 8 & where 0 is the total number of discs Also\$ one can arrive at the answer by finding the number of moves for smaller number of discs and then derive the 3attern.e could cut an inch off every second. SubmiAnswer /7 seconds. he can cut 4( 3ieces in 4( seconds. After getting 4( 3ieces\$ he will have a ' inches long 3iece. Fhat is the least 3ossible moves with which you can move the entire tower to another 3eg if the tower has 0 discsA Submitted Answer There are number of ways to find the answer.ow long would it ta4e for him to cut 4) 3iecesA .e can not fold the stri3 and also\$ can not stac4 two or more stri3s and cut them together. To move the largest disc at level 0" from one tower to the other\$ it requires ' 0!&" moves.e.e can cut it . .. Thus\$ to move 0 discs from one tower to the other\$ the number of moves required is % ' 0!&" 8 ' 0!'" 8 ' 0!3" 8 ... ./f the tower has 3 discs\$ the least 3ossible moves with which you can move the entire tower to another 3eg is <. . 8 '' 8 '& 8 '7 % '0 ! & For 0 discs\$ the number of moves is one more than two times the number of moves for 0!& discs.

• . +a@man Also\$ as the lowest score was &7 runs. #adani\$ Agar4ar ! 37 runs each 6. tted by : Kimi The cric4et match between /ndia and Qa4istan was over. . +a@man must have scored &7\$ Sachin '7\$ #adani ? Agar4ar 37 and so on. . &. The order is as follow with . The difference between the numbers of the last true and the first true statement divides the number\$ that is to be found. This is not the last true statement. >se the given facts and 3ut down all the 3layers in order.arbhaEan ! (7 runs '.into two with Eust a one cut in & second. '. The number that is to be found is the 3ercentage of true statements. *ravid 4. *ravid ! 47 runs 4.arbhaEan '. . ).ence\$ total of 4< seconds. Oanguly 3. The sum of the numbers of the true statements is the number\$ that is to be found. <. This either is the first true or the first false statement. 4.arbhaEan scored more runs than Oanguly. #adani\$ Agar4ar 6. Sachin ! '7 runs (.arbhaEan\$ the highest scorer and +a@man\$ the lowest scorer. 3. (. 2ach batsman scored &7 runs more than his immediate batsman. and &7 is true.ow much did each one of them score Answer A sim3le one. +a@man ! &7 runs There are &7 statements written on a 3iece of 3a3er1 &. Oanguly ! 67 runs 3. &. • Sachin scored more runs than +a@man but less than *ravid • #adani scored as much runs as Agar4ar but less than *ravid and more than Sachin. The number of each true statement divides the number\$ that is to be found. At least one of statements . 6. . Sachin (. . • Oanguly scored more runs than either Agar4ar or *ravid. The lowest score was &7 runs. There are three consecutive statements\$ which are false.

According to Statement )\$ the number that is to be found is the 3ercentage of true statements. . .ence\$ number is either 67 or (7.ence\$ 9tatement . #ut Statement 6 contradicts the Statement ). The number of divisors of the number\$ that is to be found\$ a3art from & and itself" is greater than the sum of the numbers of the true statements.ence\$ our assum3tion that Statement 3 is false is wrong and 9tatement % is true i.ence\$ Statement < is false which means that Statement 4 and 6 are true. .e. #ut < and ) do not divide either 67 or (7. There are no three consecutive true statements. . 0ow if Statement < is true\$ then the number of each true statement divides the number\$ that is to be found.e. &7.e. &7 False ! ! ! ! True ! ! False False +et^5s assume that Statement 3 is false i. there are three consecutive true statements. -onsider Statement '1 • /f it is true\$ it must be the first true statement. & ' 3 4 6 ( < ) . /t means that Statement ' and Statement ) must be true\$ else there will be three consecutive false statements. /f statement ( is false\$ it creates a 3arado@. • /f it is false\$ it must be the second false statement. Ctherwise\$ it creates a 3arado@. Find the minimal 3ossible numberA Submitted Answer The nume3r is /20. & ' 3 4 6 ( < ) .. there are no three consecutive false statements. there are 3 consecutive false statements which means that 9tatement 8 is false as there is no other 3ossibilities of 3 consecutive false . Ctherwise\$ it creates a 3arado@.. must 3e true. &7 False True False ! ! True ! True False False Also\$ atleast two of Statements 4\$ 6 and < must be true as there are three consecutive true statements. As Statement & is false\$ 9tatement 9 and 9tatement 10 3oth are false i. /n both the cases\$ 9tatement 1 is false.

G TeEas re3lied\$ GStill not fair. The divisors of 4'7\$ a3art from & and itself are '\$ 3\$ 4\$ 6\$ (\$ <\$ &7\$ &'\$ &4\$ &6\$ '7\$ '&\$ ')\$ 37\$ 36\$ 4'\$ (7\$ <7\$ )4\$ &76\$ &47\$ '&7." The minimum possi3le num3er is /20. & ' 3 4 6 ( < ) .G G*ear\$ that5s fair enough as / am twice older than you. is false. Fhile An4it was in Sitchen\$ TeEas too4 a33les from An4it5s 3ile equal to An4it5s age. The numebr is divisible by '\$ 3\$ 4\$ (\$ < Statement <" 3. There 3 consecutive true statements. & ' 3 4 6 ( < ) . The numebr is divisible by 6 Statement 4" '. &7 False True True True False True True False False False 0ow\$ the conditions for the number to be found are1 &. &7 False ! True ! ! True True False False False According to Statement <\$ the number of each true statement divides the number\$ that is to be found. Statement .statements. Fho have more a33les nowA Answer . For all 3ossible combinations 9tatement . And according to Statement 6\$ the sum of the numbers of the true statements is the number\$ that is to be found. . TeEas said\$ G/t5s not fairR Hou have 3 times as many A33les / have. 0ow\$ you have twice as many A33les as / have. Also\$ the sum of the numbers of the true statements is '' '83848(8<%''"\$ which satisfies the third condition.ence\$ 9tatement 2 and 9tatement / are true. The number of divisors of the number\$ that is to be found\$ a3art from & and itself" is not greater than the sum of the numbers of the true statements. There are total of '' divisors. An4it and TeEas divided a bag of A33les between them.G An4it said\$ GCS\$ / will give you one A33le for each year of your age.G\$ said An4it. Also\$ 9tatement 7 is true as Statement ( is not the last true statement. An4it went to Sitchen to drin4 water.

6peration /nitially An4it gave T a33les to TeEas equals age of TeEas" TeEas too4 'T a33les from An4it5s 3ile equals age of An4it" An*itPs Apples 30 30 ! T Te!asPs Apples 0 08T 30 ! 3T 0 8 3T /t is given that after An4it gave T a33les to TeEas\$ An4it had twice as many a33les as TeEas had. >nless neither Amar nor A4bar have lassi\$ Anthony must have it. Fho order s" lassiA Answer Amar and Anthon. A4bar and Anthony never have lassi together. 4. &. Cn evey Sunday Amar\$ A4bar and Anthony lunch together at Qreetam!*a!*haba where they order lassi based on following facts.At the end& An*it and Te!as& 3oth have the same num3er of apples. '. /f Amar does not have lassi\$ either A4bar or Anthony or both have it. From Fact 3"\$ it can be infered that either Amar or A4bar must have lassi. Anthony has lassi only if either Amar or A4bar or both have it. Fact '" can be alternatively stated that Geither Amar or A4bar or Anthony must have lassiG.ence\$ initially An4it got 30 a33les and his age is 'T years. Substituting 0 % 3T\$ we get An4it5s a33les % 30 ! 3T % . 30 ! T % '* 0 8 T" 30 ! T % '0 8 'T 0 % 3T From the table\$ at the end An4it have 30 ! 3T" a33les and TeEas have 0 8 3T" a33les. +et5s assume that initially TeEas got 0 a33les and his age is T years.3oth have lassi whereas A*3ar never does. . 3.T ! 3T % (T TeEas5s a33les % 0 8 3T % 3T 8 3T % (T Thus\$ at the end An4it and TeEas\$ both have the same number of a33les. .

M E / B G L 9 + M / B G K M / M = B ) ) / B G K D B 9 I =.0ow\$ from Fact &"\$ it is a33arent that Anthony too must have lassi. . /t should be either Gthe. B = M L .thenG or Gyou. Brain *easer 2o < 00191 *eci3her this sentence.yourG combination as they a33ear more. Answer Start with I#O and I#OX. . C E D = / B G = M M . B 4 = L 9 5 I M = 9 K M L . #ut according to Fact 4"\$ A4bar cannot have lassi when Anthony does.

Therefore the minute hand is &'X degree away from &' C5cloc4. Answer /t is obvious that between 6 C5cloc4 and ( C5cloc4 the hands will not be e@actly o33osite to each other.ence X % 37. B = M t . Brain *easer 2o < 00001 At what time immediately 3rior to Si@ C5cloc4 the hands of the cloc4 are e@actly o33osite to each other. g o a l s. o s e L . Oive the e@act time in hours\$ minutes and seconds. 0ow to find e@act time1 The hour hand moves & degree for every &' degrees that the minute hand moves. M E C .&& degrees hour hand is X degree away from 6 C5cloc4" . Therefore solving for X Angle between minute hand and &' C5cloc4 8 Angle between &' C5cloc4 and 4 C5cloc4 8 Angle between 4 C5cloc4 and hour hand % &)7 &'X 8 &'7 8 37!X" % &)7 &&X % 37 .B 4 = L 9 5 I M = o ! s t a E l e s 9 K M a r e L . C E D = t . e n / B G : o u L 9 + M t a H e / B G K : o u r M / M = e : e s B ) ) o D D / B G K : o u r D B 9 I =. . /t is also obvious that the hands will be o33osite to each other Eust before 6 C5cloc4. +et the hour hand be X degree away from 6 C5cloc4. i n g s / B G : o u = M M s e e .

6 more The second son got &.47 of 47 % & which is 7. The brothers gratefully acce3ted his offer. 64 min.' of 47 % '7 which is 7.6 8 7.46 means 6 minutes '<. The four brothers were at a loss as how to divide the inheritance among themselves without cutting u3 a camel\$ until a stranger a33eared u3on the scene. There is a family 3arty consisting of two fathers\$ two mothers\$ two sons\$ one father!in!law\$ one mother!in!law\$ one daughter!in!law\$ one grandfather\$ one . *ismounting from his camel\$ he as4ed if he might hel3\$ for he 4new Eust what to do.A Someone must have received less than his 3ro3er share R #ut each brother discovered that he had received more than his due. Adding his own camel to Ali #aba5s 3.0ow each degree the hour hand moves is ' minutes. camels\$ with the 3roviso that the legacy be divided in the following way 1 The oldest son was to receive one half the 3ro3erty\$ the ne@t a quarter\$ the third an eighth and the youngest one tenth. The oldest thought 1 is not '7 greater than the half of 3.& 8 7. Therefore minutes are % ' * 37.&'6 8 7.'6 more The third son got &.) of 47 % 6 which is 7. 3'. Cne camel remained 1 this was his\$ which he mounted and rode away.<4 seconds Ali #aba had four sons\$ to whom he bequeathed his 3.&7 of 47 % 4 which is 7.&'6 more The youngest son got &.& more And the stranger got &.\$ so they got more than their share. The oldest son received '7\$ the ne@t &7\$ the third 6 and the youngest 4.7'6 more As he is not su33osed to get anything" All these fractions add to % 7.'6 8 7.&& % (7.&( seconds" Therefore the e@act time at which the hands are o33osite to each other is % 4 hrs. Scratching their heads in amaBement\$ they started calculating. .4 of 47 % &7 which is 7.ow is it 3ossibleA Answer They too4 their 3ercentages from 47 and not from 3.&& % 6.7'6 % & which stranger too4 away.\$ he divided the 47 as 3er the will. The oldest son got &.

Orandfather and Orand mother\$ their son and his wife and again their son. Fhat is the minimum number of 3ersons required so that this is 3ossibleA Answer There are total ' cou3les and a son. So total 6 3eo3le. '7 in change.grandmother and one grandson. .e gave the accountant a =s. &77 note and received =s. are re3resented by a different letter above such that the subtraction is true. &77 notes were counterfeit.00 First time restaurant has given food worth =s. Orandfather\$ Orandmother P P Son\$ wife P P Son A man went into a fast food restaurant and ate a meal costing =s. .&76 and =s. +ater the ban4 told the accountant that both the =s.. . Answer Je lost 1s.e 4e3t the change\$ came bac4 a few minutes later and had some food 3ac4ed for his girl friend. + 5 .'7 change. 677 note.)7 and =s. D E ' D E A 2 ''''''''' 0 6 5 1 2ach of seven digits from 7!. Fhat word re3resents 3(6&A Answer . 677 and the =s.ow much money did the restaurant loseA /gnore the 3rofit of the food restaurant.ere\$ we are not considering food restaurant 3rofits. &76\$ giving the accountant a =s.6 change. Similarly second time\$ food worth =s. . 3.

Then. 0 must be 2 8 &. /f #urBin5s a3artment is not ne@t to 2dmund5s a3artment\$ then the landlord is -lar4 and lives in a3artment 3. Adam\$ #urBin\$ -lar4 and 2dmund each live in an a3artment. .ence\$ the 3ossible values of * are <\$ ) or . .\$ * can not be &78A" 8 6. 3. ssume each statement true. 0ow using trial!n!error\$ we get S%&\$ /%'\$ +%3\$ A%4\$ 0%6\$ 2%( and *%. /f Adam5s a3artment is right of -lar45s a3artment\$ then the landlord is 2dmund and lives in a3artment 4. E D A E 2 ' 1 0 9 2 6 9 4 6 5 '''''''''''''' '''''''''''''' 0 6 5 1 5 E 2 + . '. Fho is the landlordA Answer Clar\$ is the landlord. then the landlord is &ur=in.. &. lso. Then * under +" must be greater than 6. /f 2dmund5s a3artment is right of Adam5s a3artment\$ then the landlord is #urBin and lives in a3artment '.et/s assume that Statement !%# is true. #ut then A must be 7 or & which is im3ossible. Also\$ one of them is the landlord.. /f * is (\$ then + is 7. Thus. + ' 5 D . one at a time and see that no other statement is contradicted. other three/s apartments will be on the right of his apartment + which contradicts Statement !"# i. 4.1 represents B"29. /f -lar45s a3artment is not ne@t to #urBin5s a3artment\$ then the landlord is Adam and lives in a3artment &. .%. If <dmund/s apartment is right of dam/s apartment. Also\$ * must be A 8 6 as the 3ossible values of * are <\$ ) or .e. dam is not the landlord. dam is the landlord and lives in apartment %. S must be &. +et5s assign 3ossible values to each letter and then use trial!n!error. Their a3artments are arranged in a row numbered & to 4 from left to right.ence\$ 3(6& re3resents +20S.

lso. you can assume Statement !"# true and find out that it also contradicts. Then.e. &. Fho is the married manA Answer G is the married man. 0ote that a 3erson5s sister!in!law may be the wife of that 3erson5s brother or the sister of that 3erson5s s3ouse. Then. /f #5s legal s3ouse is Q\$ then Q5s sister!in!law must be X and X5s sibling must be #.et/s assume that Statement !(# is true. 8lark is the landlord. <dmund is not the landlord either. . There are ' cases1 &. Also\$ it is obvious that Q5s sister!in!law is female.. Similarly. #5s legal s3ouse and X5s sibling are of the same se@. It satisfies all the statements for !%# dam + !'# <dmund + !(# 8lark + !"# &ur=in -ence. then the landlord is &ur=in.et/s assume that Statement !'# is true. Then\$ #5s legal s3ouse and X5s sibling both must be males. /t is given that #5s legal s3ouse and X5s sibling are of the same se@. Among the three are #5s legal s3ouse\$ X5s sibling and Q5s sister!in!law. Brain *easer 2o < 00456 #\$ X and Q are related to each other. '. Thus. If <dmund/s apartment is right of dam/s apartment. . 8lark is the landlord and lives in apartment (. '. <dmund is the landlord and lives in apartment ". /f #5s legal s3ouse is X\$ then X5s sibling must be Q and Q5s sister!in!law must be #. other three/s apartments will be on the left of his apartment + which again contradicts Statement !"# i.

.. we get 1 6 5( or +50 It is obvious that answer is %3 as number of vertices can not be negative. ? is the married man. quadrangel has '. !as diagram with %. '. 0... @sing the series one can arrive to the formula given above.. 2.. 0. 5. lternatively. .. -ence the series is 0.ow many vertices does it haveA Answer The formula to find number of diagonals *" given total number of vertices or sides 0" is 2 * "2 ' 0# D = ''''''''''' 2 @sing the formula. Brain *easer 2o < 00016 A cube is made of a white material\$ but the e@terior is 3ainted blac4.. he)agon has 2 and so on. Case . -ence... we get %('5 A ' 6 1 A !1 + (# 1' + (1 + '\$50 6 0 Solving the quadratic equation.BNs s@ouse " ale# KNs si!ling " ale# FNs sister'in'laC "De ale# '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''' Case . Brain *easer 2o < 00041 A 3olygon has &3'6 diagonals.. . %".' or ( vertices will have 0 diagonals#.. you can derive the formula as triange has 0 diagonals. pentagon has 5.. K F F B B K 8ase II is not possible as & > 9 are married to each other and both are male..

This was a trick question. but hopefully the title of the pu==le tipped you off to this. /f you can only move one coin at a time\$ how many moves does it ta4e to ma4e the triangle 3oint the other wayA For a triangle with two row it is one\$ for a triangle with three rows it is two\$ for a triangle with four rows it is three. ' of their sides painted black. CCCCCCCCB CCCCCCCB B CCCC. . 0 6 a coin that has not been moved. Brain *easer 2o < 00208 /magine a triangle of coins on a table so that the first row has one coin in it and the second row has two coins in it and so on. CCCCC0 0 0 0 CCCCB 0 0 0 B CCCCCCC. *or traingle of any number of rows.. For a traingle with five rows is it fourA Submitted Answer It takes 5 moves to make the triangle with 5 rows point the other way. . 0 0 0 . you must also include the corner cubes. CCCCCCCC. B 6 the old position of the moved coin . and remaining coins from the top. by moving same number of coins from bottom left and right. 6 the new position of the moved coin.e. but because a cube with ( of its sides painted black has ' of its sides painted black./f the cube is cut into &'6 smaller cubes of e@actly the same siBe\$ how many of the cubes will have atleast ' of their sides 3ainted blac4A Answer 44 (\$ of the cubes have <B 8T. the optimal number of moves can be achieved by moving the vertically symmetrical coins i.

H. and so on. .%2' respectively. This is always possible for any amount GGG 0ne more thing to notice here is that the man must have placed money in envelopes in such a way that if he bids for any amount less than H'5000. The sentence F<ach envelope contains the least number of bills possible of any available @S currencyF is only to misguide you. '( 6 H. no two tens in 3lace of a twenty". . H%\$. he should be able to pick them in terms of envelopes. .e. Thanks to le) 8rosse for submitting above formulas. H'0". H('.. %5# contains only H. H".. %0.. H%'.e goes to the ban4 and draws out Z'6\$777. H'. After o3ening the envelo3es the auctioneer finds e@actly the right amount.. . '' 6 H" *ourth envelope contains..ow many ones did the auctioneer find in the envelo3esA Answer <ach envelope contains the money equal to the ' raised to the envelope number minus %.ast envelope !1o. At the auction he ma4es a successful bid of Z)3'' for a car.*or a triangle with an odd number of rows. 2.%2'. %%. 1ow as he bids for H. H. '0 6 H% Second envelope contains.\$%E as total amount is only H'5000. .e hands the auctioneer envelo3es number s" '\$ )\$ and &4. . H%'. H. Since the man does not want to be seen carrying that much money\$ he 3laces it in &6 evelo3es numbered & through &6. the total moves require are D !1'5"# + !1+"# 3here 1 6 ". \$. . H"02\$. H\$". the total moves require are D !!1'+%#5"# + !1+"# 3here 1 6 5.\$%E .. 2ach envelo3e contains the least number of bills 3ossible of any available >S currency i. H%0'". *irst envelope contains.. and %" which contains H'. H5%'. -ence the amount in envelopes are H%.. H'5\$.('' and gives envelope number '. and H. All 3urchases must be 3aid for in cash. *or a triangle with even number of rows. Brain *easer 2o < 00050 A man is going to an Antique -ar auction. . '% 6 H' Third envelope contains.. E..

"5 minutes 6 \$5 minutes 'E. 6 .<nvelope 1o ' conrains one H' bill <nvelope 1o . Brain *easer 2o < 00090 There is a number that is 6 times the sum of its digits. > % 4 . one H'0 bill.ow much does the watch lose or gain time and by how muchA Answer The minute and the hour hand meet %% times in %' hours in normal watch i. one H5 bill. conrains one H%00 bill. The following equation can be readily written1 &7*T 8 > % 6* T 8 >" or &7*T 8 > % 6*T 8 6*> or 6*T % 4*> Thus\$ T .ow does one find this numberA +et T be the digit in the tens 3lace and > be the digit in the units 3lace. Answer The number is 46\$ sim3ly because 46 % 6 * 4 8 6" . Then\$ the number is &7*T 8 >\$ and the sum of its digits is T 8 >.%\$ seconds &ut in our case they meet after every \$5 minutes means the watch is gaining 'E. Brain *easer 2o < 00090 The minute and the hour hand of a watch meet every (6 minutes. . they meet after every 6 !%' A \$0# 5 %% minutes 6 \$5. four H%0 bill and one H' bill -ence the auctioneer will find one H% bill in the envelopes. Fhat is this numberA Answer is not 7.%\$ seconds. one H' bill and one H% bill <nvelope 1o %" conrains eighty+one H%00 bill. one H50 bill.e.

/f she gives 3 chocolates to each friend\$ one friend will get only ' chocolates. lso.2 Total number of balls are odd. 7 '2 6 .e. So it is obvious that the bo) with odd number of balls in it is sold out i. 5. Some bo@es contain only red balls and others contain only blue. same number of red balls and blue balls are left out after selling one bo). E or '2. Also\$ if she gives ' chocolates to each friends\$ she will left with &6 chocolates. 1ow using trial and error method.chocolates and F friends. balls of either red or blue in colour. '*F 8 &6 % - . Brain *easer 2o < 00218 24ta got chocolates to give her friends on her #irthday. !. . 3* F ! &" 8 ' % Similarly\$ if she gives ' chocolates to each friends\$ she will left with &6 chocolates.ow many chocolates 24ta got on her #irthdayA and how many friends are thereA Answer /7 #hocolates and 1. There are si@ bo@es containing 6\$ <\$ &4\$ &(\$ &)\$ '.2+'2# 5' 6 \$05' 6 (0 and %" 7 %\$ 6 5 7 E 7 %. Cne sales man sold one bo@ out of them and then he says\$ G/ have the same number of red balls left out as that of blue. According to first case\$ if she gives 3 chocolates to each friend\$ one friend will get only ' chocolates.G Fhich bo@ is the one he solds outA Answer Total no of balls 6 5 7 E 7 %" 7 %\$ 7 %. Kriends +et5s assume that there are total . 6 (0 So bo) with '2 balls is sold out.Since T and > are digits\$ T must be 4 and > must be 6.

ence\$ the 3ossible values are X%4\$ H%6 and 2sha5s age is 46 years.G -an you hel3 out QooEa in finding 2sha5s ageA Answer "shaPs age is /.4"*F 8 . /t is obvious that the lenght of the fish is the summation of lenghts of the head\$ the body and the tail.4"*F 8 4 8 &. % 4.X" % &.e.Solving above ' equations\$ F % &( and .4.&&"9 &7H 8 X" 8 &7X 8 H": .H ! .&("*F % ) F % &') inches . Also\$ the difference between our age is &. The body is three! quarters of its total length i.&&th of the sum of our age. /ts body was three!quarters of its total length.% 4<. Assume that 2sha5s age is &7X8H years.X % X 8 H )H % &7X 4H % 6X . A fish had a tail as long as its head 3lus a quarter the lenght of its body. .ead ." 8 #ody #" 8 Tail T" #ut it is given that the lenght of the head is 4 inches i.4"* 3.ence\$ her hunsbands age is &7H 8 X" years.H ! .&&" &&X 8 &&H" . .&&th of the sum of their age. 2sha re3lied\$ G/f you reverse my age\$ you will get my husbund5s age.ence\$ Fish F" % .e. /ts head was 4 inches long.ence\$ 9 &7H 8 X" ! &7X 8 H": % &.4"*F F % ) 8 &6. Thus\$ the equation is F%. . . /t is given that difference between their age is &. 8 #. T % . . /n the course of their conversation\$ QooEa as4ed 2sha her age.ence\$ 24ta got 4< chocolates and &( friends QooEa and 2sha met each other after long time. -ears. And the tail is its head 3lus a quarter the lenght of its body i.8#8T F % 4 8 3. # % 3.&("*F &. 8 #.e.4 F % 4 8 3. Fhat was the length of the fishA Submitted The fish is 128 inches long.4"*F. .e is of course older than me.

( billions.ence\$ equating the sum of the series with 6. Answer "ver-3od. /t can be deduced that the terms of the above series are the 3ower of 4 i.8 * 8 2 % 2 8 F 8 O % O 8 . So total &84" 6 3ersons would 4now about it in 37 minutes..Thus\$ the fish is &') inches long. So total of &848&(" '& 3ersons would 4now about it in one hour.. is re3resented by a different letter above.in the Iorld will get to *now the scandal in 8 hours. Scandals travel FAST RRR A B C D E I G 9 . 8 / % &3 .3 The sum of the series must be 6. 2ach of these four in turn 3asses it to four other 3ersons in the ne@t 37 minutes and so on. Hou came to 4now of a scandal and you 3assed it on to 4 3ersons in 37 minutes. 4W7\$ 4W&\$ 4W'\$ 4W3 and so on u3to '08&" terms. 2ach of the digits from & to .% . Sum of the above mentioned series % 94W '08&"!&:. #y the end of one hour\$ &( more 3ersons would 4now about it. Also\$ the last term would be 4W'0 where 0 is the number of hours. . .e.ow long it will ta4e for everybody in the Forld to get to 4now the scandalA Assume that nobody hears it more than once and the 3o3ulation of the Forld is a33ro@imately 6. Assume that you have Eust heard of a scandal and you are the first one to 4now.( billions.( billions\$ we get 0%) hours. Similarly\$ the other &848&(8(4" 3ersons would have 4now about it in one and a half hours. Hou 3ass it on to four 3erson in a matter of 37 minutes. Also\$ A 8 # 8 . &848&(8(48'6(" 3ersons would have 4now about it in two hours and so on.

. Three semicircles are drawn on the same side of the line with A#\$ #.ence\$ -ase / is correct. /t is clear that . must go with & and 3. Answer .\$ it must go with & and 3.and A. A\$ # and . #* is 3er3endicular to the line A#-\$ and * lies on the semicircle A-. #ut in case //\$ 3 is used in three sums.as the diameters. /f one number is )\$ it must go with either & and 4 or ' and 3. Also\$ no digit may be used in more than two sums. /f the funny sha3ed diagram between the three semicircles has an area of &777 square cms\$ find the length of #*. /f one number is (\$ it must go with either ' and 6 or 3 and 4. /f one number is . And the 3ossible arrangements are1 9 0 1 8 4 1 2 6 5 5 6 2 1 4 8 1 0 9 Thus\$ 2 must be 4.are three 3oints on a straight line\$ not necessarily equidistant with # being between A and -. /f one number is <\$ it must go with either & and 6 or ' and 4. #ase >>1 /f ) goes with ' and 3\$ then < goes with ' and 4\$ then ( goes with 3 and 4.Fhich digit does 2 re3resentA Answer " represents /.ence\$ there are ' cases1 #ase >1 /f ) goes with & and 4\$ then < goes with ' and 4\$ then ( goes with ' and 6. Find out all 3ossible grou3s of three different numbers that add u3 to &3 and arrange them according to given condition. .

' * #-.8 cms There are 3 right!angled triangles ! A#*\$ -#* and A*-.'"W': ! 9Q/.% 4777.ence\$ the length of #* is 36.'(64 .ence #* % ST=T 4777.() cms.' * A-. Submit Answer Users Answer (33) BrainVista Answer P .' * A#.'"W': ! 9Q/. 9Q/..Q/ . From A#*\$ A#W' 8 #*W' % A*W' !!!!!! / From -#*\$ -#W' 8 #*W' % -*W' !!!!!! // From A*-\$ A*W' 8 -*W' % A-W' !!!!!! /// Adding / and //\$ A#W' 8 #-W' 8 '*#*W' % A*W' 8 -*W' !!!!!! /M F=CD /// and /M A#W' 8 #-W' 8 '*#*W' % A-W' A#W' 8 #-W' 8 '*#*W' % A#8-#"W' '*#*W' % '*A#*-# #*W' % A#*-# #* % ST=T A#*-#" Oiven that funny sha3ed diagram beween three semicircles has an area of &777 square cms.&4&6.'"W': % &777 Q/..) * 9A-W' ! A#W' ! #-W': % &777 Q/ * 9 A#8#-"W' ! A#W' ! #-W': % )777 Q/ * 9'*A#*#-: % )777 A# * #.Q/" % 36.The length of D is %.() cms where Q/ % 3.

marbles into 3 grou3s of 3 marbles each.6 ounces.e.Brain *easer 2o < 00660 OomBi has 3 time3ieces in his house ! a wall cloc4\$ an alarm cloc4 and a wristwatch. Ta4e any ' grou3s and 3lace them on each 3an. /f they balance\$ remove the marbles from the 3ans\$ ? 3lace any ' of the marbles from the remaining unweighed grou3 on the 3ans\$ & on each 3an. ) marbles weigh & ounce each\$ ? one marble weighs &. . Hou have a weighing scale that consists of ' 3ans\$ but the scale is only good for ' total weighings. Thus\$ after 3(7 days\$ it will show the same time again. At e@actly midnight last night\$ all three watches were showing the same time. <'7 minutes. /f your first weighing does not balance\$ remove the marbles from the lighter 3an\$ . A cloc4 finishes on round in &'*(7 i.ow can you determine which marble is the heaviest one using the scale ? in ' weighingsA Answer *ivide .200/. midnight between &. Xuly '774 and '7 Xuly '774. The wristwatch is always accurate\$ whereas the wall cloc4 gains ' minutes everyday and the alarm cloc4 loses ' minutes everyday. Thus\$ after 3(7 days all three cloc4s will show the same time again i.e. Similary\$ if a cloc4 loses ' minutes everyday\$ then it would be <'7 minutes behind after 3(7 days. /f a cloc4 gains ' minutes everyday\$ then it would be <'7 minutes ahead after 3(7 days. /f today is '6 Xuly '773\$ then on which date all three cloc4s will show the same time againA Answer All three cloc*s will show the same time again on midnight 3etween 19 Gul200/ and 20 Gul. Hou have . Thus\$ after 3(7 days\$ it will show the same time again. marbles. /f one is heavier\$ it is the heavier marble\$ but if they balance\$ the remaining unweighed marble is the heavier one. Hou are unable to determine which is the heavier marble by loo4ing at them.

lso. t "D%5 94. he passes the 9reetam+:a+:habaa. South\$ Dr. 0orth head towards different directions after esca3ing. At 4176 QD\$ one!fifth of the way to the doc4\$ he 3asses the Tem3le. he was at 9reetam+:a+:habaa. one+third of the way.6 ounce marble\$ but if they balance\$ then the marble from the heavy 3an from the first weighing that was not weighed in the second weighing is the heavy &. the driver will reach at 5D05 94 to the dock.Fest did not the South =oad • The Fest =oad was not ta4en by Dr. he travels '5%5 !%5( + %55# of the distance in %0 minutes. The heavier & is the &. Cnce a wee4 a wagon driver leaves his hut and drives his wagon to the river doc4 to 3ic4 u3 su33lies for his town. 2ast Fhat road did each of the 3risoners ta4e to ma4e their esca3e Answer Qut all the given information into the table structure as follow1 2orth 1oad 9outh 1oad "ast 1oad Iest 1oad . at "D%5 94. The 3risoners\$ Dr. which can be travelled in 6 ! !'5(# A %0 # 5 !'5%5# 6 50 minutes t "D%5. 2ast did not ta4e the South =oad • Dr.? 3lace & marble on each 3an from the heavier 3an. one+fifth of the way to the dock. the wagon driver passes the temple. At 41&6 QD\$ one!third of the way\$ he 3asses the Qreetam! *a!*habaa. Thus. Fest\$ Dr. Brain *easer 2o < 00115 Four 3risoners esca3e from a 3rison.and remaining way will take 50 more minutes. 2ast\$ Dr. The following information of their esca3e was su33lied1 • The esca3e routes were 0orth =oad\$ South =oad\$ 2ast =oad and Fest =oad • 0one of the 3risoners too4 the road which was their namesa4e • Dr. Thus '5( of the way is remaining. -ence. At what time does he reached the doc4A Answer %&'% (M t "D05 94. he has already travelled %5( of the distance.

"ast Mr. A says that # is Shahru4h. 2orth Mr.South too4 the Fest =oad • Dr.Fest too4 the 2ast =oad • Dr.Fest too4 the 2ast =oad Shahru4h s3ea4s truth only in the morning and lies in the afternoon\$ whereas Salman s3ea4s truth only in the afternoon and lies in the morning.0orth too4 the South =oad • Dr.2ast too4 the 0orth =oad Qut this information into the table\$ Also 4ee3 in mind that the 3risoners head towards different directions after esca3ing.Mr. Iest 0o 0o 0o 0o 0o 0o 0o 0ow from table\$ two things are obvious and they are1 • Dr. 9outh Mr.South too4 the Fest =oad So the answer is1 • Dr. 9outh Mr.2ast too4 the 0orth =oad • Dr. /s it morning or afternoon and who is A ! Shahru4h or SalmanA Answer /t is Afternoon and A can be Salman or Shahru4h. . /f A is Salman\$ he is s3ea4ing truth. 2orth Mr. "ast Mr.0orth too4 the South =oad • Dr. Iest 0o 0o '"9 0o '"9 0o 0o 0o 0o 0o 0o 0o 0o 0ow from the table1 • Dr. /f A is Shahru4h\$ he is lying. 2orth 1oad 9outh 1oad "ast 1oad Iest 1oad Mr.

Fant to confirm itA -onsider following 4 3ossible answers and chec4 for its truthness individually. &. /t is Dorning and A is Shahru4h '. /t is Dorning and A is Salman 3. /t is Afternoon and A is Shahru4h 4. /t is Afternoon and A is Salman A rich man died. /n his will\$ he has divided his gold coins among his 6 sons\$ 6 daughters and a manager. According to his will1 First give one coin to manager. &;6th of the remaining to the elder son. 0ow give one coin to the manager and &;6th of the remaining to second son and so on..... After giving coins to 6th son\$ divided the remaining coins among five daughters equally. All should get full coins. Find the minimum number of coins he hasA Answer Fe tried to find out some sim3le mathematical method and finally we wrote small - 3rogram to find out the answer. The answer is 3&'& coins. .ere is the brea4u31 First son % ('4 coins Second son % 4,, coins Third son % 3,, coins Forth son % 3&, coins Fifth son % '66 coins *aughters % '74 each Danager % 6 coins There is a grid of '7 squares by &7 squares. .ow many different rectangles are 3ossibleA 0ote that square is a rectangle. Answer 11..0 The Oeneric solution to this is1 Total number of rectangles % Summation of row numbers" * Summation of column numbers" .ere there are '7 rows and &7 columns or vice versa. .ence\$ total 3ossible rectangles % '7 8 &, 8 &) 8 &< 8 &( 8 .... 8 3 8 ' 8 & " * &7 8 , 8) 8 < 8 .... 8 3 8 ' 8 &"

% '&7 " * 66" % &&667 .ence\$ total &&\$667 different rectangles are 3ossible. /f you don5t believe it\$ try formula on some smaller grids li4e 4@'\$ 3@'\$ 3@3 etc... /f A8#%-\$ *!-%A and 2!#%-\$ then what does *8F stands forA Qrovide your answer in letter terms as well as in number terms. Submitted by : David Answer G or 10 A sim3le one. Assume that each character re3resents the number equivalent to the 3osition in the al3habet i.e. A % &\$ # % '\$ - % 3\$ * % 4 and so on. 0ow let5s chec4 our assum3tion. A 8 # % - i.e. & 8 ' % 3 * ! - % A i.e. 4 ! 3 % & 2 ! # % - i.e. 6 ! ' % 3 Thus\$ our assum3tion was -orrect. .ence\$ * 8 F % X i.e. 4 8 ( % &7 A woman too4 a certain number of eggs to the mar4et and sold some of them. The ne@t day\$ through the industry of her hens\$ the number left over had been doubled\$ and she sold the same number as the 3revious day. Cn the third day the new remainder was tri3led\$ and she sold the same number as before. Cn the fourth day the remainder was quadru3led\$ and her sales the same as before. Cn the fifth day what had been left over were quintu3led\$ yet she sold e@actly the same as on all the 3revious occasions and so dis3osed of her entire stoc4. Fhat is the smallest number of eggs she could have ta4en to mar4et the first day\$ and how many did she sell dailyA 0ote that the answer is not Bero. Submitted Answer 9he too* 10% eggs to mar*et on the first da- and sold ,0 eggs ever-da-.

+et5s assume that she had 0 eggs on the first day and she sold X eggs everyday. Qutting down the given information in the table as follow. Da-s "ggs at the start of the da- "ggs 9old "ggs 1emaining *ay & *ay ' *ay 3 *ay 4 *ay 6 0 '0!'X (0!,X '40!47X &'70!'76X X X X X X 0!X '0!3X (0!&7X '40!4&X &'70!'7(X

/t is given that she dis3osed of her entire stoc4 on the fifth day. #ut from the table above\$ the number of eggs remaining are &'70!'7(X". .ence\$ &'70 ! '7(X % 7 &'70 % '7(X (70 % &73X The smallest value of 0 and X must be &73 and (7 res3ectively. .ence\$ she too4 &73 eggs to mar4et on the first day and sold (7 eggs everyday. Xohn lives in GFriends SocietyG where all the houses are in a row and are numbered sequentially starting from &. .is house number is &7,. Xessy lives in the same society. All the house numbers on the left side of Xessy5s house add u3 e@actly the same as all the house numbers on the right side of her house. Fhat is the number of Xessy5s houseA Find the minimal 3ossible answer. Answer There are 288 houses and Gess-Ps house num3er is 20/. +et5s assume that in the GFriends SocietyG there are total 0 houses numbered from & to 0 and Xessy5s house number is X. 0ow it is given that all the house numbers on the left side of Xessy5s house add u3 e@actly the same as all the house numbers on the right side of her house. .ence\$ & 8 ' 8 3 8 ..... 8 X!&" % X8&" 8 X8'" 8 X83" 8 ..... 8 0 #oth the sides of the above equations are in A.Q. .ence\$ using A.Q. summation formaula\$ 9 X!&";':9'* &" 8 X!&!&": % 9 0!X";':9'* X8&" 8 0!X!&":

<6 8 7.' 0ow\$ using Trial and 2rror method to find values of 0 and X such that above equation is satisfied\$ we get &. #ut she would have either & quarter or 3 quarters.74 % Z&. 0one of the coins was a dollar. houses.ence\$ first two are not 3ossible. 9olution > & Tuarter\$ .&.&." 9olution >> 3 Tuarters\$ 4 *imes\$ 4 Qennies 7. in change... . /t means that there are atleast &7. 0icole as4 her for change for a dollar\$ but Da4ayla could not ma4e change.74 % Z&. .7 8 7. Da4ayla had Z&.37 #ut we require minimal 3ossible answer and it is given that Xohn5s house number is &7.)77\$ X % (. /t rained for &3 days. . Altogether there were && very nice mornings and &' very nice afternoons. 0 % &()&\$ X % &&). Therefore she would not have 4 quarters or ' quarters and 6 dimes. 0 % 4.&.9X!&:9 '" 8 X!'": % 90!X:9 'X8'" 8 0!X!&": X!&" X" % 0!X" 08X8&" X' ! X % 0' 8 0X 8 0 ! 0X ! X' ! X X' % 0' 8 0 ! X' 'X' % 0' 8 0 X' % 0' 8 0".ence\$ there are ' solutions. 6.' X' % 0 08&".47 8 7. 0 % '))\$ X % '74 4. *imes\$ 4 Qennies 7. Fhat coins did she haveA Submitted Answer As it is given that Da4ayla had Z&.\$ it means she would have four 3ennies." A grou3 of friends went on a holiday to a hill station.'6 8 7. #ut when it rained in the morning\$ the afternoon was lovely. 0 % .ow many days did their holiday lastA Answer . 0 % )\$ X % ( '. And when it rained in the afternoon\$ the day was 3receded by clear morning.&. 0ow\$ the remaining Z&.&6 in coins must not add u3 for e@actly a dollar.\$ X % 36 3. And the answer is 1 there are ')) houses and Xessy5s house number is '74.

Submitted by : Calon . total number of days on holiday 6 %.et/s assume the number of days as followsD Iain in the morning and lovely afternoon 6 B days 8lear morning and rain in the afternoon 6 . days 1o rain in the morning and in the afternoon 6 J days 1umber of days with rain 6 B 7 . .2 5 & '''''''''''''''' F F 5 F 2 9 '''''''''' 2 5 & 2 5 & '''''''''' 0 0 0 0ote that the leftmost letter can5t be Bero in any word. Also\$ there must be a one!to!one ma33ing between digits and letters.g. e. 6 %( days 1umber of days with clear mornings 6 . .2 E 5 5 & .The holida) last for *8 da)s. 6 \$ and J 6 5 -ence. we get B 6 E. 7 J 6 %% days 1umber of days with clear afternoons 6 B 7 J 6 %' days Solving above ( equations. days Brain *easer 2o < 00299 Substitute digits for the letters to ma4e the following *ivision true & I & ''''''''''' A & . if you substitute 3 for the letter 0\$ no other letter can be 3 and all other 0 in the 3uBBle must be 3.

AH * H % 0+H i. /f 0%&\$ then Q%'\$ H%6\$ +%< and 2%. Thus\$ the value of H would be 6 or (.\$ . . =A.%7 as + ! .Answer See the 3attern of the H.%7 0ow\$ using trial!n!error or rather solving F*AH%Q0.. H is multi3lied by H and the last digit of the answer is also H.ere is the family tree of Dr.1 1 5 ''''''''''' 2 2 1 2 1 0 ''''''''''' 1 1 5 1 1 5 ''''''''''' 0 0 0 Brain *easer 2o < 00566 .ence\$ H%6\$ 0%&\$ Q%'\$ +%<\$ 2%.>+ 4A9)5 & I & ''''''''''' A & . Also\$ .e. % + Q % '0 as Q ! 0 % 0 + ! H % Q % '0 2!+%3 +et5s find out the minimum 3ossible values. 5 6 5 ''''''''''' 0 5 .2 E 5 5 & .\$ we get F%( and A%3. 0ote that the value of H can not be ( as it ma4es +%) and 2%&7 which is not 3ossible.2 5 & ''''''''''' F F 5 F 2 9 ''''''''''' 2 5 & 2 5 & ''''''''''' 0 0 0 .1 9 1 1 5 .

=AT/S. DaEor Xasbir is forming five!3erson S3ecial Tas4 Orou3. 0ame of the 3erson and number of his children are related by some 3attern. children.+9 '''''''' A. Assign each vowel following values. '''''''''''''''''' 4A..ence\$ T=/+CS have 6 children. T=/+CS haveA Answer T1>B6F have .A4 A. The grou3 must contain one leader\$ two bomb!e@3erts and two soldiers.5(M J . 9A4+9 A+9(M ''''''' *4.''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''' 4A*.CS % 7 A" 8 3 C" % 3 T=/+CS % ' /" 8 3 C" % 6 .ow many children does Dr. % 7 A" 8 ' /" % ' CD % 3 C" % 3 AD/T % 7 A" 8 ' /" % ' AS. .* ''''' &A+9 (. A%7 2%& /%' C%3 >%4 The number of children to any 3erson is the sum of the values re3resented by vowels in his name.

-an you tell which one is fa4eA /gnore the fact that four of the code!words are of the same length. Also\$ T 3refers to wor4 only if M wor4s. /t doesn5t mean that M won5t wor4 without T. T 3refers to wor4 only if M wor4s. >\$ M and F are 3ossible soldiers. The secret agent X emailed some code to his head office. They are G=A*A=\$ +2M2+\$ =CTC=\$ =2*/M/*2=\$ DCTC=G.ence\$ 3ossible grou3s are1 Q= ! S ! >M Q= ! S ! MF Q= ! S ! F> Q= ! T ! >M Q= ! T ! MF QT ! = ! >M QT ! = ! MF QT ! = ! F> .. Answer The fa\$e code+word is MOTO. Also\$ Q and = 3refers to wor4 with each other in the same team.ow many different 3ossible Orou3s\$ DaEor Xasbir can ma4eA Answer Ma!or Gas3ir can ma*e 8 different possi3le groups. As ' bomb!e@3erts to be selected from the given 3 and also Q ? = 3refers to wor4 together\$ Q= must be there in all the 3ossible Orou3s. . Brain *easer 2o < 00281 /n the village called TA+AXA\$ only three TM channels are available ! Doon Qlus\$ Dony and Dee TM.ence\$ there ) different grou3s are 3ossible. . =\$ S and T are 3ossible leaders. #ut four of these five words have something in common and one is fa4e. . Cut of 4777 TM viewers in the village\$ &677 watch Doon TM\$ '777 watch Dony and '677 watch Dee TM.Q\$ T and = are 3ossible bomb!e@3erts. ll the code+words e)cept 40T0I are 9alindromes.

ence\$ total 377 viewers watch all three channels. total viewers who watch only Doon Qlus and Dony % 677!X total viewers who watch only Doon Qlus and Dee TM % )77!X total viewers who watch only Dony and Dee TM % &777!X total viewers who watch only Doon Qlus % &677 ! 677!X" ! )77!X" ! X % '77 8 X total viewers who watch only Dony % '777 ! 677!X" ! &777!X" ! X % 677 8 X total viewers who watch only Dee TM % '677 ! &777!X" ! )77!X" ! X % <77 8 X Fe 4now that total viewers are 4777. Summing u3 all < values\$ X 8 677 ! X" 8 )77 ! X" 8 &777 ! X" 8 '77 8 X" 8 677 8 X" 8 <77 8 X" % 4777 X 8 3<77 % 4777 X % 377 . A man was loo4ing at a 3ortrait. Someone as4ed him\$ GFhose 3icture are you loo4ing atAG .G 0ow whose 3icture is the man loo4ing atA Answer The man is loo4ing at his FAT.Amongst these\$ 677 viewers watch Doon Qlus and Dony\$ )77 watch Doon Qlus and Dee TM\$ and &777 watch Dony and Dee TM.e re3lied\$ 3ointing at the 3ortrait1 G#rothers and sisters have / none\$ but this man5s son is my father5s son. .ow many viewers watch all three channelsA Answer %00 viewers watch all three channels.2=5s 3ortrait. +et5s assume that total X viewers watch all three channels. .

emant.emant. '. • And his grand3a heard that he saw #>00H.emant is younger than Faru4h and #havin. . +ast Saturday Dilan went for the late night show and came late.e gave different answers to everyone. . • To his sister\$ he told =C#CT. /n the morning family members as4ed him which movie did he see.0H or #A#+>. From (" Ourmit is younger than . From &" Ourmit is younger than *inesh and Faru4h. #ut he saw some other movie with five letter word. 6. So the statement reduces to Gthis man5s son is myself. From '" 2shrat is younger than Xatin and -handu. Also\$ -handu is younger than Amit and /rfan. (. From 4" . Xatin is younger than -handu and older than 2shrat. From above 3 deductions\$ 2shrat is younger than *inesh\$ Faru4h\$ /rfan\$ Ourmit\$ Xatin and -handu. Fho is the HoungestA Answer "shrat is the -oungest. Faru4h is younger than #havin and older than .emant is older than Ourmit. #ut as seen earlier\$ 2shrat is younger than Ourmit and -handu. . Doreover\$ each of the si@ movie names mentioned .ence\$ 2shrat is the youngest.e told to his father that he had gone to see DC02H. From 6" Xatin is younger than /rfan and Ourmit. *inesh is younger than Faru4h and older than Ourmit. • .emant. *iscard whoever are older than someone. 3. 4.G 0ow it is clear that the 3ortrait is of his father. • According to his mom\$ he saw either XC. Thus\$ Dilan gave si@ movie names\$ all five letter words. Also\$ From 3" -handu is younger than Amit and /rfan.A#/. /rfan is younger than Ourmit and older than Xatin. From above 3 deductions\$ Ourmit is younger than Faru4h\$ #havin and .Gmy father5s sonG is the man himself as he do not have any brothers and sisters. Amit is younger than /rfan and older than -handu. • .is elder brother came to 4now that he saw #. Oiven the following facts1 &.

0ow H is not there in #A#+> and #.ence\$ the required movie must have H at the fifth 3lace. . The si@ movie names are ! DC02H\$ XC.ence\$ # must be the first letter.G Cn which day of the wee4 does Xim tell the truthA . From the above 3 deduction\$ either H is at fifth 3lace or C is at the second 3lace and 0 is at the third ? fourth 3lace. Cne day he said1 G/ lie on Dondays and Tuesdays.0H and #>00H ! the required movie must have either 0 at the fourth 3lace or H at the fifth 3lace or both.0H\$ #A#+>\$ #.0H. >sing the same 4ind of arguments for #A#+>\$ #. As # is at the first 3lace and H is at the fifth 3lace and every movie has e@actly ' letters common with the required movie. From #>00H\$ the required movie do not have > at the second 3lace and 0 at the third and fourth 3lace. Also\$ they can5t have two different letters each\$ common with the required movie as the letters in remaining three 3laces are all different.A#/ ? =C#CT will need at least 3 other letters which ma4es the required movie ( letter long. Thus\$ the required movie must have either C at the second 3lace or H at the fifth 3lace or both. Similarly\$ com3aring XC. . -om3are DC02H and XC.above has e@actly two letters common with the movie he saw.e tells the truth on only one day in a wee4. Xim lies a lot. The later combination is not 3ossible as #A#+>\$ #.A#/ and =C#CT\$ we can conclude that Dilan saw #C##H. 0ow loo4ing at XC. .G The ne@t day he said1 GToday is either Sunday\$ Saturday or Thursday.A#/\$ =C#CT and #>00H.A#/ at the fifth 3lace and they have only # common at the first 3lace.G The ne@t day he said1 G/ lie on Fridays and Fednesdays. with the same 3ositions" -an you tell which movie did Dilan seeA Answer Milan saw 6 '. Also\$ com3aring DC02H and #>00H ! the required movie must have either 0 at the third 3lace or H at the fifth 3lace or both. They have C common at the second 3lace and H common at the fifth 3lace.0H and DC02H\$ they must have C common at the second 3lace.

moves As a =oo4 can move any number of square sideways.ow many hours does it ta4e for & man to dig half a holeA Submitted Answer There is nothing li*e LJABK J6B"L.e has only three unmared buc4ets\$ two ( gallon and one && gallon buc4et. . Then from the statement 3\$ day & must be either Friday or Fednesday.Answer Gim tells the truth on Tuesda-. day 3 can5t be Donday. 4 men can dig 4 holes in 4 days. . . Also\$ the statement made on day ' must be false i.e. day & is not Saturday\$ Friday or Fednesday. #ut it is already deduced that day & is not Saturday\$ Friday or Fednesday. A =oo4 can move any number of square sideways.ence\$ Xim tells the truth on Tuesday. Also\$ all three statements are mad on three consecutive days\$ statement made on day & and day 3 both can not be true. . Fhat is the minimum number of moves the =oo4 needs to ma4e\$ in order to 3ass over all the squares on the chessboard and return to the original 3ositionA Answer 1. then from the statement &\$ day 3 must be either Donday or Tuesday. -onsider a chessboard with a single =oo4. +et5s assume that the statement & is true. . Ctherwise he tells truth on more than one days in a wee4. As Xim tells truth only on one day in a wee4\$ his statement on day & and day 3 both can not be false. . #ut it is already deduced that day & can not be Saturday i.e.forward\$ but not diagonally. Thus\$ either the statement made on day & or day 3 is true and other is false.forward\$ but not diagonally and there are ) rows and ) columns on the chessboardK the =oo4 needs minimum &( moves to 3ass over all the squares and return to the original 3osition. A farmer needs ) gallons of water.ow can he collect ) gallons of water using three unmar4ed buc4etsA Qrovide solution with minimal water wastage.ence\$ the statement made on day & is false and the last statement is true.

/f Xac4 has won three games and Xill has won Z3\$ she lost a dollar for each loss\$ .ere is the solution with &7 gallon water wastage. can be read u3side down.(). Xac4 and Xill are 3laying cards for a sta4e of Z& a game. games. Cn reversing value is increased by <)(33. At the end of the evening\$ Xac4 has won 3 games and Xill has won Z3. So on rearranging these digits we get the answer as &7. 6E"1AT>629 Fill ( gallon buc4et with water 2m3ty ( gallon buc4et into && gallon buc4et Fill ( gallon buc4et with water Fill && gallon buc4et to full using filled ( gallon buc4et.Answer . 11 ( 7 7 7 7 ( ( 7 ( & 7 && & ( 6 & ( 7 & 7 ( & ( ( & & && ' 7 && ' ( 6 ' ( 7 7 7 && / bought a car with a 3eculiar 6 digit numbered licence 3late which on reversing could still be read. Xac4 won 3 games and Xill won ( games. 2m3ty && gallon buc4et ! wastage of 6 gallon water 2m3ty second ( gallon buc4et into && gallon buc4et Fill seccond ( gallon buc4et with water Fill && gallon buc4et to full using filled second ( gallon buc4et. Fhats the original number if all digits are differentA Answer Cnly 7 & ( ) and . This will leave & gallon water in second ( gallon buc4et Fill first ( gallon buc4et with & gallon water which is in second ( gallon buc4et 2m3ty && gallon buc4et into second ( gallon buc4et. .ow many games did they 3layA Submitted by : Nathalie Drouin Answer They 3layed total of . . 2m3ty && gallon buc4et ! wastage of 6 gallon water Fill && gallon buc4et with water in both the ( gallon buc4ets . This will leave & gallon water in ( gallon buc4et 2m3ty && gallon buc4et into second ( gallon buc4et.

4& and 3<\$ all other combination have differences more then 4.ence the 3ossibilities are 1 Sam % 4&\$ 4'\$ 43\$ 44\$ 46\$ ... So s3eed while travelling towards church is *.4.ence the answer ! Sam is 4& and Dala is 3<. .ow old are they reallyA Answer 9am is /1 and Mala is %7. . Also\$ from ne@t ' statements it is clear that Dala is less then 3).3... Similarly\$ he too4 3 hours to reach home. A 3erson travels on a cycle from home to church on a straight road with wind against him. So s3eed while coming bac4 is *.therefore she has won ( and lost 3 to ma4e Z3 and he won the other 3 that she lostR Sam and Dala have a conversation. +et5s invert the teaser and read it li4e this 1 • Sam says / am certainly over 47 • Dala says / am not 3) and you are atmost 4 years older than me • 0ow Sam says you are atmost 3) From first statement it is clear that Sam is over 47..e.e too4 4 hours to reach there.. . /f there is no wind\$ how much time does he ta4e to travel from home to churchA Answer +et distance between home and church is *. All the statements by the two are false.. . Average the ' s3eeds\$ ? you have .&'\$ which is the wind hel3ing 3erson in & direction\$ ? slowing him in the other direction.. . Cn the way bac4 to the home\$ he too4 3 hours to reach as wind was in the same direction. /t also says that the difference between their age is ma@imum 4 years.. There is a s3eed difference of <**. Dala % 3<\$ 3(\$ 36\$ 34\$ 33\$ .ence\$ there is only one 3ossible 3air i. A 3erson too4 4 hours to reach church. • Sam says / am certainly not over 47 • Dala says / am 3) and you are atleast 6 years older than me • 0ow Sam says you are atleast 3..

e. F\$ who 4nows FX will call u3 H\$ who 4nows HI. F will call u3 X. They can tele3hone each other and e@change all the information they 4now. '. 3. 0ow 0 ! 4" tele3hone calls are reqiured for remaining 0 ! 4" secret agents. X\$ who 4nows FX will call u3 I\$ who 4nows HI.the s3eed that 3erson can travel in no wind\$ which is <**. After 0 ! '" calls\$ two agents in each the grou3 will 4now anything that anyone 4new in his grou3\$ say they are H& ? H' from grou3 & and I& ? I' from grou3 '. &. 0ow\$ H& will call u3 I& and H' will call u3 I'. Total tele3hone calls require are % 0 ! '" 8 ' 8 0 ! 4" % '0 ! 4 +et^5s ta4e an e@am3le. /f 0 is odd\$ one grou3 will contain one e@tra agent.ere\$ 4 tele3hone calls are required. . <**.'4" hours to travel distance * which is '4.ence\$ 3erson will ta4e * .ence\$ in ne@t two calls total of 4 agents will 4now everything. Similarly in second grou3\$ agent & will call u3 agent '\$ agent ' will call u3 agent 3 and so on. 4. H will call u3 I. -onsider first grou31 agent & will call u3 agent '\$ agent ' will call u3 agent 3 and so on. After the tele3hone call\$ they both 4now anything that either of them 4new before the call. Say there are 4 secret agents F\$ X\$ H ? I.'4.< hours. Answer is 3 hours '6 minutes 4' seconds There are 0 secret agents each 4now a different 3iece of secret information. . *ivide them into two grou3s of ' each i. F\$ X" and H\$ I". . Fhat are the minimum number of tele3hone calls needed so that all of the them 4now everythingA Answer '0 ! 3" tele3hone calls\$ for 0 % '\$3 '0 ! 4" tele3hone calls\$ for 0 J 3 *ivide the 0 secret agents into two grou3s. .

(. + s3ea4s only French and there are two others ! Drs. B Then\$ Drs. Drs. Drs. X will call u3 S. She has 3re3ared the following list. O s3ea4s 2nglish and French. *ivide them into two grou3s i. 0 is the only other Oerman s3ea4er. Thus\$ the 3ossible . She 3lans to seat her . + is at the other end\$ either Drs. is the only other =ussian s3ea4er. F s3ea4s 2nglish only. Drs. . .Ta4e an another e@am3le. D s3ea4s French and Oerman. 0 s3ea4s 2nglish and Oerman. X\$ S" and +\$ D\$ 0". O and Drs. 4. X must be at the end as Drs. 3. Answer 12. D must seat ne@t to Drs. + will call u3 to anyone of four. O and Drs. + will call u3 D. B is at the other end /f Drs. Drs. D ! who s3ea4 French. 0 must seat ne@t to Drs. D.e. • -AS2 A 1 Mrs. This is because Drs. D s3ea4s French and Oerman\$ and Drs. . S s3ea4s 2nglish only. 0ow D and 0 4now +D0. . Drs. Drs. distinct seating arrangements are possi3le. Drs. s3ea4s 2nglish and =ussian. Drs. &. A seats ne7t to Mrs. .ere\$ ( tele3hone calls are required. F has invited several wives of delegates to the >nited 0ations for an informal luncheon. X s3ea4s only =ussian and Drs.ere there are ' cases. X and Drs. D will call u3 0. + s3ea4s French only. must be together and Drs. Drs.ow many distinct seating arrangements are 3ossibleA Oive all 3ossible seating arrangements. X\$ who 4nows XS will call u3 D\$ who 4nows +D0. o -AS2 AA 1 Mrs. . X s3ea4s =ussian only. Say there are 6 secret agents X\$ S\$ +\$ D ? 0. Drs. 6. S\$ who 4nows XS will call u3 0\$ who 4nows +D0. D must seat ne@t to her. guests ina row such that each lady will be able to converse with the 3erson directly to her left and right. '. C s3ea4s 2nglish only. 0ote that A#-* and *-#A are the same. O or Drs. Drs. Drs.

S\$ Drs. Also\$ Drs. Drs. '4 ways. -AS2 #A# 1 ABM is not at the other end Then Drs. O and Drs. O must seat ne@t to Drs.e. D. 0 and Drs. B does not seat at the end /t means that Drs.e. Drs. '4 ways. O and Drs. Thus\$ there are 4R different ways i. S\$ Drs. '4 ways. '4 ways. O\$ Drs. D. 0 and Drs. D must seat together. S and Drs. 0 s3ea4 2nglish. M Thus\$ the 3ossible seating arrangement is GJ7777AMB\$ where @ is the 2nglish s3ea4ers. A seats ne7t to Mrs. O\$ Drs. M seats ne7t to Mrs. C can be arranged in remaining 3 3ositions in 3R different ways i. ABM  -AS2 #AA 1 ABM is at the other end Thus\$ the 3ossible seating arrangement is GJ7777ABM\$ where @ is the 2nglish s3ea4ers. + and Drs. C can be arranged in remaining 4 3ositions in 4R different ways i. C can be arranged in remaining 4 3ositions in 4R different ways i. ( ways. -AS2 A# 1 Mrs. Drs. Thus\$ the 3ossible seating arrangement is GJ777\$\$ where @ is the individual 2nglish s3ea4ers and X is the grou3 of four females with 2nglish s3ea4ers at the both ends. • -AS2 # 1 Mrs. 2 seats ne7t to Mrs.e. M Thus\$ the 3ossible seating arrangement is GJ77772MB\$ where @ is the 2nglish s3ea4ers. F\$ Drs.  -AS2 A## 1 Mrs. S and Drs.e. 0 or Drs.e. 0ow\$ we have a grou3 of four O+D0 where Drs. + must seat between Drs. F\$ Drs. F\$ Drs. M seats right to Mrs.o seating arrangement is GJ7772MAB\$ where @ is the 2nglish s3ea4ers. F\$ Drs. o -AS2 #A 1 Mrs.e. Drs. C can be arranged in remaining 4 3ositions in 4R different ways i. D  -AS2 A#A 1 Mrs. B /f so\$ then either Drs. A seats left and Mrs.  . 0 must seat ne@t to Drs. B i.

&ut it is given that. O and Drs. the equation is .e. Thus\$ the 3ossible seating arrangement is GJ777\$\$ where @ is the individual 2nglish s3ea4ers and X is the grou3 of four females with 2nglish s3ea4ers at the both ends.ence\$ the required number is '6&. B Therefore. Answer *8 ssume that initial there were (AB bullets. D. leaves a remainder of )\$ when divided by ) leaves a remainder of <\$ when divided by < leaves a remainder of ( and so on until when divided by ' leaves a remainder of &A Answer The smallest such num3er is 2. And subtract & from it. Thus\$ there are 4R different ways i. Thus\$ total different 3ossible seating arrangements are 1 % ( case AA" 8 '4 case A#A" 8 '4 case A##" 8 '4 case #AA" 8 '4 case #A#" 8 '4 case ##" % &'( seating arrangements Thus\$ &'( distinct seating arrangements are 3oosible. M seats left and Mrs. .e. Three friends divided some bullets equally. total number of bullets remaining is equal to the bullets each had after division i. Fhat is the smallest number which when divided by &7 leaves a remainder of .19.e. So now they have !B + "# bullets each. The +-D of '\$ 3\$ 4\$ 6\$ (\$ <\$ ) and . So they got B bullets each after division. '4 ways. A seats right to Mrs. MBA Then\$ Drs. The easiest way is to find the +east -ommon Dulti3le +-D" of '\$ 3\$ 4\$ 6\$ (\$ <\$ ) and . 0ow\$ we have a grou3 of four 0D+O where Drs. B i. 0 s3ea4 2nglish. is given by '6'7.\$ when divided by . ll of them shot " bullets.o -AS2 ## 1 Mrs.after they shot " bullets each. Find the original number divided.. 0 must seat ne@t to Drs. After all of them shot 4 bullets the total number of bullets remaining is equal to the bullets each had after division.

. 7 %&\$ 0 % ) \$2 % '\$ T % < 1 8 2 1 8 2 1 8 2 % 1 8 2 '''''' 1 2 8 A man is on a search for Atlantis and comes u3on an island where all the inhabitants 4now whether Atlantis is still around or not.( A !B + "# 6 B ( A B + %' 6 B ' A B 6 %' B6\$ Therefore the total bullets before division is 6 ( A B 6 %. Fhat are the minimum number of different weights required and how heavy should they beA The minimum number is 6 and they should weigh &\$ 3\$ .\$ '< and )& 4gs =e3lace each letter by a digit. 2ach letter must be re3resented by the same digit and no beginning letter of a word can be 7. ( 2 E ( 2 E ( 2 E % ( 2 E ''''''' * E 2 Answer >se trial and error. Brain *easer 2o < 00114 2veryday in his business a merchant had to weigh amounts from & 4g to &'& 4gs\$ to the nearest 4g.

.owever\$ all of the inhabitants are either Fairies or Trolls and they all use a s3ell to a33ear humanoid so you cannot tell which is which.. on day number (\$ &'\$ &)\$ '4\$ .'\$ &.ow many hours does the frog ta4e to reach the to3A Answer 19 hours A frog climbs & foot 3er & &. And the Faries always tell the truth and the Trolls always lie\$ but there is a slight com3lication\$ some of the Fairies have gone insane and always lie and some of the Trolls have also gone insane and always tell the truth.e. *uring rest\$ he sli3s bac4 ' feet. &... 2ach hour he climbs 3 feet and rests for 37 minutes.' hours as during 37 minutes rest he sli3s bac4 ' feet. he will com3lete &6 feet in &.e.) the bear eats 46 3ounds of fish. This way he will climb &' feet in &) hours. /f the bear continues this\$ how many 3ounds of fish will it eat in '77 daysA Submitted by : David Answer The 3ear will eat 12&%/0 pounds of fish in 200 da-s. /n ne@t hour he will climb 3 more feet i. . /t is given that on every (th day beareats 46 3ounds of fish i. So here is your tas41 you must as4 the first inhabitant that you come to C02 question and from that C02 question you must determine wether Atlantis is still around or not. . hours and will reach the to3 of the wall. Fhat is the question that you must as4A Answer There are ' answers to itD Answer FIs the statement that you are reliable equivalent to the statement that tlantis is still aroundKF Answer F:o you believe that the Statement that you are a *airy is equivalent to the statement that tlantis is still aroundKF Brain *easer 2o < 00216 A frog starts climbing &6 feet wall. /f a bear eats (6 3ounds in fish every day 2X-2QT every (th day which it only eats 46 3ounds of fish.

if you consider ' dimensions. 8onsider a circular base and a line perpendicular to it passing from the center.\$ (' 3ounds. & and 8. . The aim of the 3uBBle is to connect 3oint A with 3oint &\$ ' and 3. 1ow it is quite simple to Loin each of points .with 3oint &\$ ' and 3. +et5s assume that the weight of five bales are #&\$ #'\$ #3\$ #4 and #6 3ounds . ' and ( without any of the lines crossing each other. if you consider ( dimensions. Hou then have another 3 3oints labelled &\$ ' and 3. There is solution. Similarly take any ( points along the perpendicular line as points .ow much does each bale weighA Submitted by : Travis Lara Answer They weigh 64\$ 6(\$ 6)\$ 6. 1ow take any ( points along the perimeter of the circular base as points %. A B C 1 2 0 QS 1 Hou can arrange the 3oints in order as long as the lines *C 0CT cross over each other. Qoint # with 3oint &\$ ' and 3 and 3oint . 0ow while connecting the 3oints you have to follow one rule ! the lines cannot cross over each other. & and 8 with points %.ence\$ the normal days are % '77 ! 33 % &(< the bear eats (6 3ounds" Thus\$ in '77 days\$ the bear will eat % &(<" * (6" 8 33" * 46" % &7)66 8 &4)6 % &'\$347 3ounds Hou have 3 3oints labelled A\$ # and -. ' and (.( % 33 the bear eats 46 3ounds" . ' and ( without lines crossing each other. The weights in 3ounds are &&7\$ &&'\$ &&3\$ &&4\$ &&6\$ &&(\$ &&<\$ &&)\$ &'7\$ and &'&. & and 8 with points %. The other possible (: structure is 9yramid. It is impossible to Loin each of points . & and 8 along the height of the 9yramid which is perpendicular to the triangular base and passing through the ape). Brain *easer 2o < 00411 Su33ose five bales of hay are weighed two at a time in all 3ossible ways.Total number of (th days % '77. Answer There is no solution to it. Take points %. ' and ( as a vertices of the triangular base and points .

#4 8 #6 % &'& From above three equation\$ we get #3 % 6) 3ounds Also\$ it is obvious that #& and #3 will add to &&' ! the ne@t 3ossible higher value.rown.lac\$ and .ence\$ the weight of five bales are 64\$ 6(\$ 6)\$ 6. If the color of the horse is &rown + all are telling truth. -an you tell the color of the horseA Answer The color of the horse can -e an) color other than . If the color of the horse is Mrey + 9into and Sandy are telling truth whereas ndy is lying. and (' 3ounds.rown. #& 8 #' % &&7 Similarly\$ #4 and #6 must add to &'& as they are the heaviest one.G Andy says\$ GThe horse is #rown. the horse is neither . If the color of the horse is &lack + all are lying. /t means that each of the bale is weighted four times. Thus\$ 4* #& 8 #' 8 #3 8 #4 8 #6" % &&7 8 &&' 8 &&3 8 &&4 8 &&6 8 &&( 8 &&< 8 &&) 8 &'7 8 &'&" 4* #& 8 #' 8 #3 8 #4 8 #6" % &&6( #& 8 #' 8 #3 8 #4 8 #6" % ').G Sandy says\$ GThe horse is either #rown or Orey.G At least one is telling truth and at least one is lying. . Thus.res3ectively. Also\$ #& L% #' L% #3 L% #4 L% #6 /t is given that five bales of hay are weighed two at a time in all 3ossible ways. #& 8 #3 % &&' #3 8 #6 % &'7 Substituting #3 % 6)\$ we get #& % 64 and #6 % (' From ' ? 3 equations\$ we get #' % 6( and #4 % 6. . 3ounds 0ow\$ #& and #' must add to &&7 as they are the lightest one. Similarly\$ #3 and #6 will add to &'7 ! the ne@t 3ossible lower value.lac\$ nor . Qinto says\$ GThe horse is not #lac4.

e tells the 3risioners they can loo4 at the others hats and if they can tell which hat they have on they will be the one who is 3aroled.. The first man loo4s at the other two and says\$ G/ don5t 4now.If the color of the horse is other than &lack. &rown and Mrey + 9into is telling truth whereas Sandy and ndy are lying.G Fhat color is the blind mans hat and how does he 4nowA Submitted Answer The color of 3lind manPs hat is 1ed.ou must have noticed that for the given conditions. There are ( such 3ossibilities1 1# 4 4 4 2# 0# 4# 5# 4 4 = = 4 = 4 4 = 4 4 = -ello sa/eesh m0rali N my Answers N my Favourites N o!i"y Personal #n"o N Subs\$ribe N %o&out 6# = = 4 /n all above 3ossibilities\$ the first man won5t be sure of the color of his hat.e says he can 3arole one of them and to decide which one he will 3arole he ta4es out 6 hats 3 red and ' white".G The third man who is blind says\$ G2ven though / have not the gift of sight / can tell by what the others have said that the color of my hat is.G The second man loo4s at the others hats and says\$ G/ don5t 4now. .e stands behind them and 3laces a hat on each one of their heads and 3uts the other two remaining hats in a drawer. . 9into is always telling truth whereas ndy is always lying Brain *easer 2o < 00258 Three convicts are brought into the warden5s office. /t is sure that the first man saw either both =ed hats or one Fhite hat and one =ed hat. . .. .

combination must remain in that order in its new 3ositionwhen it is moved. That means that '" and 6" are not the 3ossibilities as in either case he would be sure of the color of his hat =ed" by Eust loo4ing at the third man5s color of hat Fhite".anoi [ -(in' /umber [ Fin! A +ay Brain *easer 2o Oo Three Oold O" coins\$ three Silver S" coins and three -o33er -" coins are arranged in a single row as follow1 G S C G S C G S C • Cnly ' adEacent unli4e coins can be moved at any one time. • 0o coin 3airs can be reversed i. Fhat is the minimum number of moves required to get all the coins in following orderA C C C S S S G G G Show all moves.ame [ -owers o" . no 3air of coins is to be moved and 3laced away from the remaining ones. Submit Answer Users Answer (48) BrainVista Answer Puzzle A Frien! A!! to Favourite Ba\$' to Sear\$( )esult [ *i&saw Puzzle [ *oin t(e +ots [ arbles . i.e.ame [ Balls .e. a S!. 0ow\$ the blind man 4nows that there are Eust 4 3ossibilities ! &"\$ 3"\$ 4"\$ (" ! and in all\$ the color of his hat is =ed.0ow\$ the second man 4nows that the first man saw either both =ed hats or one Fhite hat and one =ed hat. li4e we 4now K"" #ut he says\$ G/ don5t 4nowG. Move 7 & O S O O S S 6rder of #oins O O S S O S - . And\$ he also 4nows that its one of the above ( 3ossibilities. Answer Minimum num3er of moves are 8. • The moved coins must be in contact with at least one other coin in line.

/t5s obvious that trains met ' hours after they started travelling towards each other. So\$ each train traveled &'7 4m before they met. Hou will need 3 of numbers 7\$ <\$ ) ? . 4)'' requires a 4\$ a )\$ ? ' 's\$ but you would not count the numbers again that you had already counted from ma4ing 4))4.' 3 4 6 ( < ) O O O O O S S S S - S - O O S S S S S O O O S O O - S S O O O O O - S O - S S S S S S O O S O A fly is flying between two trains\$ each travelling towards each other on the same trac4 at (7 4m. A drin4s machine offers three selections ! Tea\$ -offee or =andom 2ither tea or -offee" but the machine has been wired u3 wrongly so that each button does not . The fly reaches one engine\$ reverses itself immediately\$ and flies bac4 to the other engine\$ re3eating the 3rocess each time. /f the fly flies &)7 4m before the trains meet\$ how far a3art were the trains initiallyA Answer >nitiall-& the trains were 2/0 *m apart. Fhat is the minimum number of numbers needed to form every number from & to <\$777A 2@am3le1 To form 4))4\$ you would need ' 4s ? ' )s.7 4m.h.h and covers &)7 4m.ence\$ the fly flies for ' hours after trains started.7 4m.ence\$ the trains were '47 4m a3art initially. The fly is flying at . Answer %. Also\$ trains were travelling at the s3eed of (7 4m.\$ ? 4 of numbers &!(. The fly is flying at the s3eed of . .h. .h.

o /f both are equal\$ one of +'\$ +3\$ +4 is lighter. Similarly\$ name the balls on the lighter side of the scale as +&\$ +'\$ +3 and +4. 0ame the balls on heavier side of the scale as . And the button named -offee is for Tea. Feigh .'\$ +&" against .&\$ . >sing only a balance scale\$ can find the odd one out with only 3 weighingsA /s it 3ossible to always tell if the odd one out is heavier or lighter than the other ballsA Submitted by : Brett Hurrell Answer /t is always 3ossible to find odd ball in 3 weighings and in most of the cases it is 3ossible to tell whether the odd ball is heavier or lighter. • /f it gives Tea\$ then the button named =andom is for Tea. The button named Tea is for =andom selection.4\$ X" where X is one ball from the remaining 6 balls in intial weighing. The button named -offee is for =andom selection.0p.5s is heavier or one of +5s is lighter. . Hou have &3 balls which all loo4 identical.3 and .'\$ .give what it claims.3\$ . • /f it gives -offee\$ then the button named =andom is for -offee. Thus\$ you can ma4e out which button is for what by 3utting Eust 673 and 3ressing =andom selection first. Ta4e ) balls and weigh 4 against 4. Cne of these ) balls is the odd one. And the button named Tea is for -offee. All the balls are the same weight e@ce3t for one. o /f both are not equal\$ goto ste3 ' o /f both are equal\$ goto ste3 3 '. There are only ' 3ossibilities.&\$ . Feigh +' against +3. &. /t will give either Tea or -offee. Cnly in one case\$ it is not 3ossible to tell the odd ball is whether heavier or lighter. Qut 673 and 3ush the button for =andom.  /f both are equal\$ +4 is the odd ball and is lighter. /f each drin4 costs 673\$ how much minimum money do you have to 3ut into the machine to wor4 out which button gives which selectionA Submitted Answer 'ou have to put !ust .4. 2ither one of .

 /f both are equal\$ -3 is the odd ball and is heavier.3 is heavy\$ .3 or . o /f -&\$ -'\$ -3" is lighter side\$ one of -&\$ -'\$ -3 is the odd ball and is lighter.' is heavier. o /f -&\$ -'\$ -3" is heavier side\$ one of -&\$ -'\$ -3 is the odd ball and is heavier.4  /f both are equal\$ +& is the odd ball and is lighter.e.  /f +' is light\$ +' is the odd ball and is lighter. 3. Feight -&\$ -'\$ -3" against X&\$ X'\$ X3" where X&\$ X'\$ X3 are any three balls from the first weighing of ) balls.'\$ +&" is heavier side on the scale\$ either .'  /f both are equal\$ there is some error. o /f both are equal\$ one of remaining ' balls is the odd i. o /f . /f +3 is light\$ +3 is the odd ball and is lighter.  /f -4 is heavy\$ -4 is the odd ball and is heavier.3 against . Cne of the remaining 6 balls is the odd one.3\$ .& or . Feigh -& and -'.4 is heavier or +& is lighter.4 is heavy\$ .&\$ .  /f . Feigh -& and -'.  /f . Feigh -4 with X&  /f both are equal\$ -6 is the odd ball. .4 is the odd ball and is heavier.& against .3 is the odd ball and is heavier.  /f -' is heavy\$ -' is the odd ball and is heavier.  /f -& is light\$ -& is the odd ball and is lighter.& is heavy\$ .  /f -4 is light\$ -4 is the odd ball and is lighter.  /f both are equal\$ -3 is the odd ball and is heavier.4\$ X" is heavier side on the scale\$ either . either -4 or -6.' is the odd ball and is heavier. o /f . Feight .  /f . 0ame the balls as -&\$ -'\$ -3\$ -4\$ -6.& is the odd ball and is heavier. Feight .  /f -& is heavy\$ -& is the odd ball and is heavier. #ut you can not tell whether it is heavier or lighter.' is heavy\$ .  /f .

8 3' 8 '' 8 &' For & by & grid\$ total squares % &' % & For ' by ' grid\$ total squares % '' 8 &' % 6 For 3 by 3 grid\$ total squares % 3' 8 '' 8 &' % &4 For 4 by 4 grid\$ total squares % 4' 8 3' 8 '' 8 &' % 37 For 6 by 6 grid\$ total squares % 6' 8 4' 8 3' 8 '' 8 &' % 66 Five horses ran in the race.e. . grid. • IoBo was not second. 3. +et5s find the 3ossible 3laces horses can finish. /f -' is light\$ -' is the odd ball and is lighter. • Si4andar did not come first..e.ow many squares are there in a 6 inch by 6 inch square gridA 0ote that the grid is made u3 of one inch by one inch squares.e.. Submitted by : Kristin Monroe Answer There are .\$ 4\$ & For a grid of 0 by 0\$ the 3ossible number of squares are % 0' 8 0 ! &"' 8 0 ! '"' 8 0 ! 3"' 8 . s8uares in a .e. • There were no ties. 6 by 6 . • Star was neither first nor last. 8 4 8 & % 66 squares. squares of nine grids i. 4 by 4 There is & square of twenty!five girds i. • =angila was two 3lace below IoBo.. '6\$ &(\$ . • Dughal Olory came in one 3lace after Si4andar.. ' by ' There are .ence\$ there are total '6 8 &( 8 . 3 by 3 There are 4 squares of si@teen grids i.e... /n what order did the horses finishA Answer /t5s sim3le. Qossibilities are1 Si4andar ! '\$3\$4 not 6th as Dughal Olory came one 3lace after him" Star ! '\$3\$4 Dughal Olory ! 3\$4\$6 IoBo ! &\$3 not 4th ? 6th as =angila is two 3lace after him" ... There are &( squares of four grids i... Hou must have noticed one thing that total number squares 3ossible of each siBe is always a 3erfact square i. There are '6 squares of one grid.

=angila ! 3\$6 So the result is1 & IoBo ' Star 3 =angila 4 Si4andar 6 Dughal Olory /f you added together the number of '5s in each of the following sets of numbers\$ which set would contain the most '5s1 &!333\$ 334!(((\$ or ((<!,,,A Answer 1)%%% The reason why is because '77!',, each begins with a 'R /f one 3erson sends the e!mail to two friends\$ as4ing each of them to co3y the mail and send it to two of their friends\$ those in turn send it to two of their friends and so on. .ow many e!mails would have been sent by the time it did 37 setsA Answer 1*42483646 *irst person sent the mail to ' persons. Those ' sent the mail to ' persons each, total " persons. 1ow, those " person sent mail to total , persons, then , to %\$ persons, %\$ to (' persons and so on.... -ence, it a series of ', ", ,, %\$, (' upto (0 numbers It is a Meometric series with common ratio ' and first number is also '. Summation of such series is given by A !In + %# 5 !I + %# where 6 *irst term I 6 8ommon Iatio n 6 total numbers So total number of times mail sent by the time it did (0 sets 6 ' A !'(0 + %# 5 !' + %# 6 ' A !%0E(E"%,'" + %# 6 ' A %0E(E"%,'( 6 '%"E",(\$"\$ Brain *easer 2o < 00041 At the entrance to a members club stands a stranger see4ing admission. A friend told him that it5s easy to get in. Hou Eust have to answer a question

corrcetlyR Answering wrong\$ however\$ will result in being shotR To live a little longer\$ the man waits in a bac4 alley near the entrance for 3eo3le to go in. After a while a man comes to the entrance. The door warden as4s him1 GTwelveAG to which he re3lies GSi@RG and goes in. GThat5s easy.G our friend thin4s\$ but he waits a little longer. Another man comes to the door. GSi@AG the door warden as4s\$ to which he re3lies GThreeRG and goes in. GThat5s too good to be trueG our friend thin4s\$ and he was right. #ecause\$ when as4ed GFourAG\$ he answered GTwoRG and was found dead in the alley. Fhat was the correct answerA Submitted by : Milind Gada !ar Answer The correct answer was LKourL. The answer is the number of letters in the word s3o4en by the door warden. GTwelveG contains GSi@G letters i.e. T\$ F\$ 2\$ +\$ M\$ 2 GSi@G contains GThreeG letters i.e. S\$ /\$ X Similarly\$ GFourG contains GFourG letters i.e. F\$ C\$ >\$ = There is a 3erfect s3here of diameter 47 cms. resting u3 against a 3erfectly straight wall and a 3erfectly straight floor i.e. the wall and the floor ma4e a 3erfect right angle. -an a 3erfect s3here of diameter < cms. 3ass through the s3ace between the big s3here\$ the wall and the floorA Su33ort your answer with valid arguments. *on5t submit Eust GHesG or G0oG. Submit Answer Users Answer (23) BrainVista Answer Puzzle A Frien! A!! to Favourite

For the sa4e of sim3licity\$ consider two!dimension i.e view s3here as a two dimensional circle with diameter 47 cms. Krom Kigure >\$ 47 cms diameter s3here" C-' % C*' 8 -*' C-' % '7' 8 '7' C- % ').')4'< cms Also\$ X is the closest 3oint to origin C on the s3here. -X % '7 cms radius" CX % C- ! -X CX % ').')4'< ! '7 CX % ).')4'< cms Krom Kigure >>\$ < cms diameter s3here" CQ' % CT' 8 QT' CQ' % 3.6"' 8 3.6"' CQ % 4.,4,<4 cms Also\$ H is the farthest 3oint to origin C on the s3here. QH % 3.6 cms radius" CH % CQ 8 QH CH % 4.,4,<4 8 3.6 CH % ).44,<4 cms 0ow\$ as CH J CX i.e. smaller s3here requires more s3ace than the s3ace available. .ence\$ smaller s3here of < cms diameter can not 3ass through the s3ace between the big s3here\$ the wall and the floor. The pu++le can 3e solved 3- another method. *raw a line tangent to the big s3here at the 3oint X such that X is the closest 3oint to the origin C on s3here. The tanget will cut X and H a@es at A and # res3ectively such that CA%C#. 9See Fig ///: From above\$ CX%).')4'< cms.

s in the answer are wrong and all the other digits are correct..<&6<' ! &(.6) as the answer.6()64 cms 0ow\$ the diameter of the inscribed circle of right angle triangle is given by d % a 8 b ! c where a L% b L c The ma@imum 3ossible diameter of the circle which can 3ass through the s3ace between the big s3here\$ the wall and the floor is % CA 8 C# ! A# % &&.ence\$ assume some three digit number and multi3ly it by 4&4 and use (**6) as the answer.6) by 4&4\$ you will get &().ence\$ the s3here with < cms diameter can not 3ass through the s3ace between the big s3here\$ the wall and the floor.<&6<' 8 &&.).)('. #ut she found that there is some error in the answer ! both the . . Assume three digit number such that .8...<&6<' cms A# % &(.From the right angle triangle CA#\$ we can deduct that CA % C# % &&.08. -an you find the correct answerA Answer The correct answer is .& cms . /f you divide (.6()64 % (. Submit Users BrainVista Puzzle A A!! Answer Answer (23) Answer Frien! Sari4a multi3lied 4&4 by certain number and obtained (.

* * * 4 1 4 ''''''''''''' * * * * * * 0 * * * 0 0 ''''''''''''' 6 * * 5 8 /t is obvious that the last digit of the assumed number must be <. Also\$ the first digit of the assumed number must be & as the first digit of the answer is (. >sing trial and error for above two conditions\$ the answer is . * * 1 4 1 4 ''''''''''''' * * 8 * * 1 0 * * 8 0 0 ''''''''''''' 6 * * 5 8 0ow\$ the second last digit of the assumed number must be 4 or ..

Fhat N of class ta4es lunch in canteenA Answer Assume there are (X boys and 4X Oirls Total Students ta4ing lunch in canteen % (X" (7. Answer %/.1 4 1 4 1 4 ''''''''''''' 5 8 8 1 4 1 0 5 8 8 0 0 ''''''''''''' 6 0 8 5 8 Find the least number which when divided by 36\$ leaves remainder '6K when divided by 46\$ leaves remainder 36 and when divided by 66\$ leaves remainder 46.&7" Total students are % (X 8 4X % &7X N of class ta4ing lunch in canteen % 6'X. =e3lace all the asteris4s such that the 3roblem holds the result.ence\$ the answer is 3466. +-D of 36\$ 46\$ 66" is 34(6. ..&7" 8 &( X.&77" 8 4X" 47.&77" % 3( X.&7" * &77 " . &7X % 6' N /n the following multi3lication\$ certain digits have been re3laced with asteris4s *". The ratio of #oys to Oirls is (14. (7N of the boys and 47N of the girls ta4e lunch in the canteen.&7" % 6' X. The answer is +-D of 36\$ 46\$ 66" minus &7. .

3< years .'''' days % . \$ 1 0 1 1 1 9 '''''''''' 1 1 0 5 0 1 1 5 1 0 ''''''''''''' 0 1 0 2 0 . Jours& 20 minutes As you can count '77 3er minute\$ to count & billion you require % &\$777\$777\$777.ow long would it ta4e you to count & billion orally if you could count '77 every minute and were given a day off every four yearsA Assume that you start counting on & Xanuary '77&. SubmitteAnswer 9 'ears& 187 Da-s& .* \$ 0 * * 1 * '''''''''' * * * 5 0 1 * * * 0 ''''''''''''' * 1 Answer * * 0 A sim3le one.3333 hours % 3\$4<'.'77 minutes % 6\$777\$777 minutes % )3\$333..6&'.

+et5s find out the ma@imum number of correct answers 3ossible from the answers given by them. dFive students ! A4ash\$ -hintan\$ Xignesh\$ Du4und and Men4y ! a33eared for an e@am.:%.& A*ash :1.ence\$ no need to consider lea3 year.ours\$ '7 minutes 0ote that a day off every four year will be a +ea3 day. Hears\$ &)< *ays\$ 6 . . For Tuestion / % ' b or c" For Tuestion // % ' b or c" For Tuestion /// % 4 True" For Tuestion /M % 4 True" For Tuestion M % 3 True" Thus\$ the ma@imum number of correct answers 3ossible are &6 '8'848483" which means that A4ash would have given all correct answers as only he answered True for questions ///\$ /M and M.intan AHas..& #hintan :2.3 3 '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''' C. Cne can also arrive at this conclusion by trial!and!error\$ but that would be bit lengthy. So no one got all five correct.% .uHund 3enH: E E a ! ! ! E E a ! *rue *rue Ialse *rue *rue *rue *rue *rue *rue Ialse Ialse *rue *rue Ialse *rue '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''' Also\$ no two students got the same number of correct answers. . . and Mu*und :/. . And also\$ Du4und and Men4y would have ' correct answers. ..& 0en*. They answered five questions each and answered as follow. . Kignes... #ut then -hintan and Xignesh would have e@actly 3 correct answers. As no two students got the same number of correct answers\$ the total number of correct answers must be either &6 &8'838486" or &7 78&8'8384". -an you tell which are the correct answersA Fhat are their individual scoreA Answer The correct answers are 3& a& True& Kalse and Kalse. Also& the scores are Gignesh :0. .false questions. There were total five questions ! two multi3le choice a\$ b or c" and three true.

Tuestions /// and /M both can not be False. They decided that after the first 3erson sits down\$ the ne@t 3erson has to sit ne@t to the first. Also\$ the scores are Xignesh 7"\$ A4ash &"\$ -hintan '"\$ Men4y 3" and Du4und 4". The correct answers are b\$ a\$ True\$ False and False.her from at least one other 3erson. /f so\$ total number of correct answers would not be &7. /f there are two 3ersons and two seats\$ it can be accom3lished in ' different ways.ow many different ways can this be accom3lishedA 0ote that the first 3erson can choose any of the && seats. Thus\$ Xignesh is the student with all wrong answers. 2leven boys and girls wait to ta4e their seats in the same row in a movie theater. =emember that no 3erson can ta4e a seat that se3arates him. /f there are three 3ersons and three seats\$ it can be accom3lished in 4 different ways.her from at least one other 3erson. So the student who got all wrong can not be -hintan\$ A4ash and Du4und. . Answer There are 102/ different wa-s. There are e@actly && seats in the row. #ut then the total number of correct answers would be & a" 8 & a" 8 & False" 8 4 True" 8 ' Flase" % . /f Men4y got all wrong\$ then -hintan\$ Xignesh and Du4und each would have atleast ' correct answers. /t can be seen that with each additional 3erson and seat\$ the different ways . The third sits ne@t to one of the first two and so on until all eleven are seated. And five 3ersons with five seats 3roduce &( different ways. /n other words\$ no 3erson can ta4e a seat that se3arates him.. This is the ty3e of #rain Teaser that can be solved using the method of induction.0ow\$ it is clear that total number of correct answers are &7 78&8'8384". /f there is Eust a one 3erson and one seat\$ that 3erson has only one o3tion. /t means that A4ash would have to be the student with only one correct answer and the correct answers for questions / and // would be a and a res3ectively. Similarly\$ four 3ersons and four seats 3roduce ) different ways.

Same arguments can be given for characters 0 and :. '. I4. both with ' vowels. The agent X also mailed a sentence as a clue ! if / tell you any one character of the code word\$ you would be able to tell the number of vowels in the code word. Two men who are not fair\$ are each standing ne@t to Abraham.e. From '"\$ both the men standing ne@t to Abraham are not fair. -an you tell which is the code wordA Answer The code word is T ".e. Also\$ e@actly one . both with ' vowels < D two words + TI< and :@<. They are GA/D *>2 CAT T/2 DC*G.g. 0 or : is not a code word i. :@<. e. -ence. there are two words with 4 + I4 with ' vowels and 40: with % vowel. TI< is the code word. Fho is fair\$ handsome and unscarredA Answer #linton is fair& handsome and unscarred. both with ' vowels I D two words + TI< and I4. If you were told any one character of 40:. 0 T and 40: are not the code word. #obby is the only man standing ne@t to e@actly one handsome man. 4. if you were told 4. So you would not be able to say the number of vowels. #ut four of these five words are fa4e and only one contains the information. T D two words + TI< and 0 T. 3.increase by the 3ower of two. then you would not be able to determine whether the number of vowels are one or two. &7'4 The secret agent X emailed a code word to his head office. the word with any one of 4. For any number 0\$ the different 3ossible ways are ' 0!&" Thus\$ for && 3ersons and && seats\$ total different ways are ' &7 i. Brain *easer 2o < 00061 Four men ! Abraham\$ #obby\$ -linton and *enial ! are standing in a straight line. -linton is the only man not standing ne@t to e@actly one scarred man. &. For si@ 3ersons with si@ seats\$ there are 3' different ways. Cne man is fair\$ handsome and unscarred. Thus.

Also\$ Abraham may be either fair or not fair. -ase & 11 -linton 0\$ A\$ 0" 1 Abraham H\$ H\$ 0" 1 A 0\$ A\$ H" 1 A A\$ A\$ H" -ase ' 11 A 0\$ A\$ H" 1 Abraham A\$ A\$ H" 1 A 0\$ A\$ 0" 1 -linton H\$ H\$ 0" From 3"\$ #obby is the only man standing ne@t to e@actly one handsome man. -ase 'a 11 *enial 0\$ 0\$ H" 1 Abraham A\$ 0\$ H" 1 #obby 0\$ 0\$ 0" 1 -linton H\$ H\$ 0" -ase 'b 11 #obby 0\$ 0\$ H" 1 Abraham A\$ H\$ H" 1 *enial 0\$ 0\$ 0" 1 -linton H\$ H\$ 0" Thus\$ -linton is fair\$ handsome and unscarred.man is fair\$ handsom and unscarred. Solve it by ta4ing e@am3le. -ase ' 11 A 0\$ A\$ H" 1 Abraham A\$ A\$ H" 1 A 0\$ A\$ 0" 1 -linton H\$ H\$ 0" Again from 3" and 4"\$ there are ' 3ossibilities as shown below. 67ml of the orange Euice is ta4en and 3oured into the white glass.ence\$ -ase & is not 3ossible and -ase ' is the correct one.andsome and >nscarred. From 4"\$ it is deduced that -linton is standing ne@t to unscarred man and each of the other men standing ne@t to e@actly one scarred man. After that similarly\$ 67ml from the white glass is 3oured into the orange glass. /t is clear that either Abraham or the man at the e@treme right is fair\$ handsome and unscarred.andsome\$ Scarred". . An orange colored glass has Crange Euice and white colored glass has A33le Euice both of equal volumes.ence\$ there are two cases1 -ase & 11 A 0\$ A\$ A" 1 Abraham H\$ H\$ 0" 1 A 0\$ A\$ A" 1 A A\$ A\$ A" -ase ' 11 A 0\$ A\$ A" 1 Abraham A\$ A\$ A" 1 A 0\$ A\$ A" 1 A H\$ H\$ 0" 0ote the re3resentation ! 0ame Fair\$ . Abraham H\$ H\$ 0" means Abraham is Fair\$ . GHG stands for Hes and G0G stabds for 0o. . Cf the two quantities\$ the amount of a33le Euice in the orange glass and the amount of orange Euice in the white glass\$ which one is greater and by how muchA Answer The two 8uantities are e8ual. +et5s assume that both glasses contain 467 ml of . #ut in -ase &\$ -linton is standing ne@t to e@actly one handsome man.

-ere we assumed "50 ml as initial quantity in both the glasses Lust for simplicity. 0ow this 67 ml is not a 3ure a33le Euice.ou can try the same by assuming any other number. -andy did not visit 2dy between #unnie and *ina.ence\$ Crange glass contains 476 ml of Crange Euice and 46 ml of A33le Euice.. Brain *easer 2o < 00400 Annie\$ #unnie\$ -andy and *ina visited 2dy on &4th February. ml of Apple !uice and .ence\$ orange colored glass contains 477 ml of Crange Euice and white glass contains 467 ml of A33le Euice and 67 ml of Crange Euice i. . . The time of each visit was as follows1 ! Annie at )177 ! #unnie at . /t means that ever.e. '.Euice each. total of 677 ml from white glass contains 467 ml of A33le Euice and 67 ml of Crange Euice. &. 0ow\$ 67ml of the orange Euice is ta4en and 3oured into the Fhite glass. Similary\$ white glass contains 476 ml of A33le Euice and 46 ml of Crange Euice. /t contains 46 ml of A33le Euice and 6 ml of Crange Euice. . At least one female visited 2dy between Annie and #unnie.177 ! -andy at &7177 ! *ina at &&177 2ach time mentioned above may be either AD or QD.S. 9. ml of 6range !uice. 3.0 ml from white glass contains /. 6range Alass Crange Xuice /nitially 67 ml from Crange Olass is 3oured into Fhite Olass 67 ml from Fhite Olass is 3oured into Crange Olass 467 ml 477 ml 476 ml A33le Xuice 7 ml 7 ml 46 ml Ihite Alass Crange Xuice 7 ml 67 ml 46 ml A33le Xuice 467 ml 467 ml 476 ml 1ow it is clear that the amount of apple Luice in the orange glass and the amount of orange Luice in the white glass are the same. &ut the answer is the same. Similary\$ 67 ml of Euice from white glass is 3oured into orange glass. .

/t means that Annie visited 2dy at )177 QD From 3"\$ #unnie must have visited 2dy at . Also\$ either -andy or *ina or both visited 2dy in the morning.6 miles an hour.177 AD. After three years\$ father5s age will be ten years more than twice the son5s age. -an you tell at what time did they individually visit 2dyA Answer unnie :9?00AM. There is a difference of & mile an hour\$ which is the river hel3ing you in & direction\$ ? slowing you in the other direction. Hou can thus swim a mile in still water in '4 minutes. From the given data\$ it is clear that at least one female visited 2dy in the morning and at least one female visited 2dy in the evening.177AD" ! *ina &&177AD" ! Annie )177QD" ! -andy &7177QD" /n training for a com3etition\$ you find that swimming downstream with the current" in a river\$ you can swim ' miles in 47 minutes\$ ? u3stream against the current"\$ you can swim ' miles in (7 minutes. . ) Dina :11?00AM. Annie did not visit 2dy before both -andy and *ina. Father5s age is three years more than three times the son5s age. ) Annie :8?00EM. #ut from '"\$ only *ina must have visited 2dy in the morning at &&177 AD and hence\$ -andy visited 2dy at &7177 QD. ) #and. The order of visits must be1 #unnie .:10?00EM. Also\$ from 4"\$ Annie did not visit 2dy first.ow long would it ta4e you to swim a mile in still waterA Answer Hou are able to swim downstream at 3 miles an hour\$ ? u3stream at ' miles an hour. Average the ' rates\$ ? you have the rate that you can swim in still water\$ which is '. Fhat is the father5s 3resent ageA Answer +et son5s 3resent age is X years.4. .

25s mother\$ . who is married to +\$ is the sister of *5s mother\$ D. Qre3are the following tree based on the data given 1 . and father5s age will be 3X 8 (" years. After 3 years\$ son5s age will be X 8 3" years. Assume that there are four se@es ! male\$ female\$ X and H. Submit Answer Users Answer (10) Brai Brain *easer 2o < 00510 • • • • • • A is the father of two children ! # and * who are of different se@es.ence\$ father5s 3resent age is 3X 8 3" years. 2 is the same se@ as *. #ut given that after 3 years father5s age will be ten years more than twice the son5s age.have the two children ! F who is the same se@ as # and O who is the same se@ as -. males. 2 and 25s s3ouse\$ / have two children ! X and S who are the same se@ as /. Also\$ there are more number of females than males.is #5s s3ouse. -an you tell how many females are thereA Answer There are 7 females and . .. 3X 8 (" % ' * X 8 3" 8 &7 3X 8 ( % 'X 8 &( X % &7 Therefore\$ father5s 3resent age is 33 years. 0ote that no 3ersons have married more than once. # and .

Find the 3ositive integer.":# K":# M":# I":# D"># B":# ' C"># G"># /t is clear that there are altogether &3 3ersons ! ' males\$ ' females\$ 4 Xs and 6 Hs. Thus\$ there are < females and ( males.sister 5" # ' 9"D# '''''''''''''''''''' . Alan will not get the Ford unless #arry gets the Ien and *enBil gets the . *5souBa has bought four cars ! Derc\$ . Alan will not get the Derc unless -arl gets the Ien and *enBil gets the Ford. Dr.onda\$ Ford\$ Ien ! as 3resents for his sons5 birthdays\$ all of which are ne@t wee4.onda. Answer The positive integer is 1. -arl will not get the Ien unless #arry gets the . . A 3ositive integer that\$ when added to &777 gives a sum which is greater than when multi3lied by &777. Sum of & and &777 % & 8 &777 % &77& Dulti3lication of & and &777 % & * &777 % &777 Thus\$ sum of & and &777 is greater than the multi3lication of & and &777.ence\$ all H must re3resent female.onda. #arry will not get the Ford unless -arl gets the Ien and Alan gets the Derc.onda and Alan gets the Ford. -arl will not get the Derc unless *enBil gets the .onda and -arl gets the Derc."D# ' A" # E"># ' .onda and #arry gets the Derc. /t is given that there are more number of females than male. *enBil will not get the Ien unless Alan gets the .onda unless #arry gets the Derc and *enBil gets the Ford. . #arry will not get the Derc unless Alan gets the Ien and *enBil gets the Ford. Oiven the following information\$ what will each son getA Alan will not get the . Alan will not get the Ien unless #arry gets the .

Carl #arl 0ow\$ let5s assume that Alan gets the Derc.onda. which is contradictory to . . Then from 4"\$ #arry gets the . +et5s assume that Alan gets the Ford. #ut from <"\$ -arl will not get the Ien unless #arry gets the .ence\$ Alan gets the Ford\$ #arry gets the Ien\$ -arl gets the Derc and *enBil gets the . Also\$ the 3erson will "tali#s will get the remaining car.onda. GThe day before yesterday / was )3 years old and ne@t year / will be )(.onda\$ *enBil gets the Ford and -arl gets the Ien. Then from &"\$ #arry gets the Derc\$ *enBil gets the Ford and -arl gets the Ien. Hesterday in a 3arty\$ / as4ed Dr. Fith a mischievous glint in his eyes he re3lied. information in a table. The 3erson in old Kont will not get the corres3onding car unless the 3ersons in 0ormal Font get the corres3onding cars. .ence\$ Alan will not get the Derc. Thus\$ it contradicts the original assum3tion. Merc & ' 3 4 6 ( #arry Alan #arry Alan arr-arl Jonda Alan Den\$il Alan Barry Carl #arry #arry *enBil *enBil Kord *enBil arrCarl *enBil *enBil Den\$il Alan Alan A (en Carl -arl Den+il -arl Alan Alan #arl #arry A < Den\$il ) . Then from )"\$ -arl gets the Derc\$ *enBil gets the Ford and #arry gets the Ien ! which does not contradict any of the statement.G ."" .Answer +et5s 3ut given . Similaly\$ you can assume that Alan gets the Ien.ence\$ Alan will not get the .onda. Shah his birthday. #ut from 6" or from <"\$ it contradicts the original assum3tion. +et5s assume that Alan gets the .onda and Alan gets the Ford.

he and Qrashant" don5t 4now the numbers\$ we can conclude that ! &" The sum must not be e@3ressible as sum of two 3rimes\$ otherwise Sachin could not have been sure in advance that Qrashant did not 4now the numbers.\$ &66\$ &6<\$ &(&\$ &(3\$ &(<\$ &<&\$ &<3\$ &<<\$ &<.6\$ . After that following conversation ta4es 3lace 1 Sachin 1 Qrashant\$ / don5t thin4 that we 4now the numbers. Today is & Xanuary\$ '777. Suddenly\$ #rahma thin4s of ' integer numbers greater than & and says\$ GThe sum of the numbers is..G and he whis3ers the sum to Sachin. Such 3ossible sum are ! &&\$ &<\$ '3\$ '<\$ '. Fhat are the numbersA 2@3lain your answer.\$ 36\$ 3<\$ 4&\$ 4<\$ 6&\$ 63\$ 6<\$ 6. As Sachin is initially confident that they i.G and he whis3ers the 3roduct to Qrashant. Sachin 1 Ch\$ now / also 4now the numbers.&\$ &.. 3& *ecember\$ '77& ! he will be )(.. .e.e. #ut that is not the answer. Dany 3eo3le do thin4 of +ea3 year and date of birth as '. '" The 3roduct cannot be less than &'\$ otherwise there would only be one choice and Qrashant would have figured that out also.<\$ . Today i.th February as '777 is the +ea3 year and there is difference of 3 years in Dr. ShahA Assume that the current year is '777. Shah5s age. Then he says\$ GThe 3roduct of the numbers is.\$ (6\$ (<\$ <&\$ <<\$ <. 0a4ul 1 0ow\$ / also 4now the numbers. and Dr... Submitted Answer The num3ers are / and 1%.\$ &. The day before yesterday was 37 *ecember\$ &. Answer Mr.. Qrashant 1 AhaR\$ now / 4now the numbers. Cn 3& *ecember '777\$ he will be )6 and ne@t year i.e.\$ &)6\$ &)<\$ &).3\$ ..ence\$ the date of birth is 3& *ecember\$ &. Brain *easer 2o < 00800 There are 4 mathematicians ! #rahma\$ Sachin\$ Qrashant and 0a4ul ! having lunch in a hotel.. .\$ &'&\$ &'3\$ &'6\$ &'<\$ &3&\$ &36\$ &3<\$ &43\$ &46\$ &4<\$ &4. & Xanuary\$ '777 ! he is )4.. 9hahPs date of 3irth is %1 Decem3er& 191. Shah was )3 on that day.\$ )3\$ )<\$ ).\$ .<\$ &7&\$ &7<\$ &&3\$ &&<\$ &&.&6.-an you figure out what is the *ate of #irth of Dr.

\$ Sachin would have deduced that / might 4now the numbers as '\$<" is the 3ossible 3rime numbers 3air. ! if 3roduct of two numbers is &)1 Qrashant 1 GSince the 3roduct is &)\$ the sum could be either && '\$. #ut &( is not in the Qossible Sum +ist. Sachin 1 GSince Qrashant 4nows the numbers\$ they must be either 3\$)"\$ 4\$<" or 6\$(". .G ! if 3roduct of two numbers is ')1 Qrashant 1 GSince the 3roduct is ')\$ the sum could be either &( '\$&4" or && 4\$<".ence\$ the numbers must be either '\$&6" or 6\$(". .ence\$ Qrashant will be sure of the numbers if 3roduct is either &)\$ '4 or ').ence\$ the numbers must be ' and .ere\$ Qrashant won5t be sure of the numbers.+et5s e@amine them one by one.G .G ! if 3roduct of two numbers is 371 Qrashant 1 GSince the 3roduct is 37\$ the sum could be either &< '\$&6"\$ &3 3\$&7" or && 6\$(". #ut if the sum was . #ut &4 and &7 are not in the Qossible Sum +ist.ence\$ the numbers must be 4 and <.G . 38) &) '4 '8. /f the sum of two numbers is &&\$ Sachin will thin4 that the numbers would be '\$. . Sachin 1 GAs && is not e@3ressible as sum of two 3rimes\$ Qrashant can5t 4now the numbers.ence\$ the sum is not &&. #ut &3 is not in the Qossible Sum +ist."\$ 3\$)"\$ 4\$<" or 6\$(". . Summerising data for sum &&1 Eossi3le 9um E16D=#T Eossi3le 9um '8.ere\$ the 3roduct would be &) '*.G C= in otherwords\$ . '8&'%&4 38)%&& 3ossible" 48(%&7 '8&'%&4 48< ') .ence\$ the numbers must be 3 and ). is not in the Qossible Sum +ist" ! if 3roduct of two numbers is '41 Qrashant 1 GSince the 3roduct is '4\$ the sum could be either &4 '\$&'"\$ && 3\$)" or &7 4\$("..%&& 3ossible" 38(%. /n all the cases e@ce3t for 3roduct 37\$ Qrashant would 4now the numbers. 3\$(". ."\$ '4 3*)"\$ ') 4*<" or 37 6*("." or .G #ut he won5t be sure. .

<' . 68&'%&< 3ossible" (8&7%&( '833%36 3ossible" 38''%'6 (8&&%&< 3ossible" '836%3< 3ossible" 68&4%&.ere\$ Qrashant will be sure of the numbers if the 3roduct is 6'.38)%&& 3ossible" 48(%&7 68( 37 '8&6%&< 3ossible" 38&7%&3 68(%&& 3ossible" Following the same 3rocedure for &<1 Eossi3le 9um E16D=#T Eossi3le 9um '8&6 37 '8&6%&< 3ossible" 38&7% &3 68(%&& 3ossible" '8'&%'3 3ossible" 38&4%&< 3ossible" (8<%&3 '8'(%') 48&3%&< 3ossible" '837%3' 38'7%'3 3ossible" 48&6%&.%&< 3ossible" 38&4 4' 48&3 68&' 6' (7 (8&& (( <8&7 <7 )8. <8&7%&< 3ossible" '83(%3) 38'4%'< 3ossible" 48&)%'' (8&'%&) )8. Sachin 1 GSince Qrashant 4nows the numbers\$ they must be 4\$&3".G For all other numbers in the Qossible Sum +ist\$ Qrashant might be sure of the .

' % <64' ." ! there is one 3roduct for which list of all 3ossible sum contains C0+H C02 sum from the Qossible Sum +ist. Also\$ + and X are interchangeable.G Sachin 1 GAs Qrashant now 4nows both the numbers\$ out of all 3ossible 3roducts ! 37 '\$&6"\$ 4' 3\$&4"\$ 6' 4\$&3"\$ (7 6\$&'"\$ (( (\$&&"\$ <7 <\$&7"\$ <' )\$. #ut if they were '\$'("\$ Sachin would not have been sure in advance that / don5t 4now the numbers as ') '8'(" is not in the Qossible Sum +ist. .g. /t is interesting to note that there are no other such two numbers.ence\$ two numbers are 4 and &3.G Qrashant 1 GSince Sachin is sure that both of us don5t 4now the numbers\$ the sum must be one of the Qossible Sum +ist. 9A2TA ) #BA=9 4 \$MA9 '4734 ! &(4. if you substitute 3 for the letter D\$ no other letter can be 3 and all other D in the 3uBBle must be 3.G 0a4ul figured out both the numbers Eust as we did by observing the conversation between Sachin and Qrashant. 9see table above for &<: .numbers but Sachin won5t. Answer Cne of the sim3lest brain teaser as there are total '( 3ossible answers. And also\$ no such two lists e@ist.ence\$ two numbers are 4 and &3. Further\$ as the 3roduct is 6'\$ two numbers can be either '\$'(" or 4\$&3". A + 0ote that the leftmost letter can5t be Bero in any word.". /t is obvious that S%-8&. + A 2 * A ' C 5 A ) + ''''''''''''''''' \$ . Since A!S%S\$ it is clear that A%'*S or '*s!&7. Also\$ there must be a one! to!one ma33ing between digits and letters.ere is the ste3 by ste3 e@3laination1 Sachin 1 GAs the sum is &<\$ two numbers can be either '\$&6"\$ 3\$&4"\$ 4\$&3"\$ 6\$&'"\$ (\$&&"\$ <\$&7" or )\$. . Fe chec4ed all the 3ossible sums till 677 RRR Substitute digits for the letters to ma4e the following subtraction 3roblem true. Also\$ as none of them is a 3rime numbers 3air\$ Qrashant won5t be 4nowing numbers either. e.

3 ! 64'7( ! 6<'7( ! 63'4( ! 6)'4( ! 63'<( ! 6.<4 3()7( 3()7( 3(&6( 3(&6( ('&3' ('&3' ('&<' ('&<' ('47' ('47' ('<&' ('<&' ('.4 '4<.4(' ! &(43' ! &)43' ! '<(43 ! '.' ! &643' ! &)43' ! &(4.' ! &)4.'<( ! 63')( ! 6.(43 ! '<(.&'( % 3&'( % .34' % 634' % )64' % (64' % .'( % ).'( % 3.'( % .'( % 4.3' ('.4 '4)74 '4)74 '4.&(3 % <&(3 % )4(3 % <4(3 % <.' ! &(46' ! &)46' ! &64(' ! &.')( ! 6)'7( ! 64'7( % (64' % )(4' % 6(4' % )74' % (74' % )34' % (34' % .3' ! &<4.'4734 '47<4 '47<4 '4634 '4634 '4<.4'( % 34'( % 4<'( % )<'( .<4 '4.3 ! ')(.