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Concrete Product Guide
Shamim A. and Patrick O’Brien Interlocking Spiral Conﬁnement for Rectangular Columns An innovative design for strength.DECEMBER 2011 Vol. Vaysburd. and Benoit Bissonnette Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 3 . David Alexander. Lawler Detailing Corner Dimensions of Sloped Walls and a Clariﬁcation to Mechanical Splice Staggering (RFI 11-10) Concrete Repair Speciﬁcations: Guidance or Confusion? Sound engineering speciﬁcations are an integral part of true repair sustainability by Robert M. 33 No. Tzu-Liang Wu. and Raymond Wang Strength Compliance Evaluation with More than Three Core Specimens by F. and economy by Samuel Yen-Liang Yin. Alexander M. Snover. Liu. Sheikh. Tony C. ductility. Michael Bartlett and John S. 12 34 CONCRETE PRODUCT GUIDE 77 91 18 22 30 Concrete Product Guide Company Directory ALSO FEATURING 2012 ACI Honors and Awards Program Nominations are open for the annual awards of the Institute 49th PCI Design Awards Performance-Based Requirements in Practice 43 38 46 51 57 A case study on the concrete speciﬁcation for Chicago’s Trump International Hotel & Tower by Dane Rankin.
Hinman@concrete. and possessions). Donahey. and at additional mailing offices. Facsimile (FAX): (248) 848-3701. both prepaid. Payments marked ISSN 0162-4075/97 should be sent directly to the Copyright Clearance Center. or the supplier. Farmington Hills. Periodicals postage paid at Farmington. Bischof (Senior Editor). Karen Czedik. Salem. Kelli R. Mich. Concrete International (US ISSN 0162-4075) is published monthly by the American Concrete Institute.concrete. nor intended to supplant individual training. Bedward Copyright © 2011 American Concrete Institute. American Concrete Institute. Farmington Hills. 21 Congress St. Hinman (Kaitlyn. Permission is granted by the American Concrete Institute for libraries and other users registered with the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) to photocopy any article herein for the fee of $3. MI 48333-9094. Hunt. PE. 48331.org) Managing Editor Keith A. Concrete International. Concrete International has title registration ® with the U. $170 (elsewhere) payable in advance: single copy price is $26. Inc. MI 48333-9094. MA.O.Tosolt@concrete.O. 01970.org) Editor-in-Chief Rex C..Pyc@concrete.org) Advertising Jeff Rhodes Network Media Partners. CAE (John.00 for nonmembers.00 for ACI members. Agata Pyc (Agata.org) Editorial assistant Kaitlyn J. Tosolt (Keith. Box 9094. (248) 848-3700 Fax. The Institute is not responsible for the statements or opinions expressed in its publications. Bergin Editors Carl R. 72 Spanish Translation Synopses 73 Calls for Papers 74 Meetings 75 What’s New. Most of the products (both visible and behind the scenes) needed for such construction are included in this issue’s Concrete Product Guide. Box 9094. Canadian GST #126213149RT departments 7 President’s Memo 8 Educational Seminars 10 On the Move 11 News 65 Products & Practice 68 Product Showcase 71 Industry Focus Workers place concrete at the lower level of the Fifth Avenue Underground Parking Structure in Ann Arbor.S.Glumb@concrete. Tatum (Senior Designer). MI. or judgment of the user. Copying done for other than personal or internal reference use without the express permission of the American Concrete Institute is prohib ited.Donahey@concrete. Ryan M. Mich. P.S. Requests for special permission or bulk copying should be addressed to the Publisher. Denise E. Susan K. Farmington Hills. Esper. What’s Coming 76 Bookshelf 97 Membership Application 98 Bulletin Board 99 Public Discussion 99 Advertisers’ Index 100 Concrete Q&A American Concrete Institute http://www. Jay Publishing Assistant Daniela A. Wolber Graphic Designers Gail L. Glumb.00 per transaction. (248) 848-3150 4 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international . Patent Trademark Office. Telephone: (248) 848-3700. Institute publications are not able to. All correspondence should be directed to the headquarters ofﬁce: P. Colleen E. $19. 38800 Country Club Drive. POSTMASTER: send address changes to Concrete International.org) engineering editor W.com) PUBLISHING SERVICES supervisor Barry M. (jrhodes@networkmediapartners. 77. of the information presented.. Slayden. LEED AP (Rex. Subscription rates: $161 per year (U. responsibility.org Tel. starting on p.December 26 Concrete international Publisher John C. Printed in the United States of America.
org) Finance and administration: Donna G.Mlutkowski@concrete.Reynolds@concrete.org) Renée J. Managing Director (Douglas.org) Sales and membership: Diane L. Andrea J. and dimensioning guidelines for sloped walls. And.Halstead@concrete. Kurtis Thomas O. because the guide is now available in a searchable database at www. Wight PAST PRESIDENT BOARD MEMbERS VICE PRESIDENTS Anne M. Anderson Emmanuel K. Whether it’s through increased resilience. Janowiak Michael E. Malerk John J.Burg@concrete. Bird Chiara F. that basic objective remains the central theme of this and every CI. Schokker Lawrence L. McGuire William D. Sutter Lawrence H. In the spirit of the guide’s broad scope. Sordyl. Halstead. Kreger Kevin A. improved communication. Mlutkowski.Nehasil@concrete.concrete. fundamental goal—improvement. Palmer Jr. please send us a note at concreteinternational@ concrete. we’ll be updating it throughout the year.org) Customer and member support: Melinda G.org) Certiﬁcation and chapters: John W. Sprinkel Pericles C. Sanders December 2011 I t’s December. Manager (Melinda. Reynolds. Director (Kevin. We’ve broadened the scope of this year’s guide to include more of the materials. Hover PRESIDENT DIRECTORS Ron Klemencic David A. and industry relations: Douglas J.Baloh@concrete. Glumb (John. Wargo STAFF LIAISON CHAIR ACI STAFF Executive Vice President: Ronald Burg (Ron. Managing Director (Daniel. Lobo Thomas O. Nassif Jan Olek Michael M. Director (Renee.concreteinternational. Suchorski Michael L. or enhanced value. Jones Kenneth C. Barth James K. sales. lateral reinforcement in columns. Nehasil Khaled W. Falconer. Brown Mark A. including repair speciﬁcations. John J.org) Sustainability: Publishing and event services: Kevin P.org) SUSTAINING MEMbERS See pages 16-17 for a list of ACI’s Sustaining Members. Lange Denis Mitchell Jack Moehle David H. Whitmore STAFF LIAISON CHAIR CERTIFICATION PROGRAMS COMMITTEE G.com. Hanskat Joe Hug Colin L. go to the ACI Web site at www. Griffith Charles S. MacDonald Antonio Nanni Hani H. Terry Harris John W. Ferraris Ronald J. Taber David W. the articles in this month’s CI also cover a diverse set of topics. Stivaros Eldon Tipping SECRETARY CHAIR EDUCATIONAL ACTIvITIES COMMITTEE David M.org) Strategic Development Council/ Marketing. If you see a need for a new category or product listing. Awad Heather J. García Florian G. and systems needed for concrete construction. Lange Daniel W. Yet. Mitchell Englestead Frances T.org/members/mem_sustaining. Alcocer David J.IN Ci American Concrete Institute Board of Direction Dennis C. Griffith Tarek S.Falconer@concrete. Ahal Neal S. Cheek Cesar A. Kahn Kimberly E. so it’s time for the Concrete International Concrete Product Guide. Falconer Sergio M. Tholen. Managing Director (John. Myers William D.Glumb@concrete.Sordyl@concrete. Ellis EXECUTIvE VICE PRESIDENT Ronald Burg TECHNICAL ACTIvITIES COMMITTEE David A.htm.org. Rex C. To learn more about our sustaining members. Awad James R. Baloh. Schemmel Vinicio Suarez George R. Attiogbe Khaled W. Palmer Jr.Tholen@concrete. Constantino Jean-François Dufour Alejandro Duran-Herrera J. Malerk Ed T. Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 5 . Sanders Joseph C. Managing Director (Mike. the guide and each of the articles has a central. Harris Cecil L. Nehasil. Managing Director (Donna. Tholen Alejandro Duran-Herrera Frances T.Lewis@concrete.org) Professional development: Michael L. Donahey David Darwin Luis E. Lewis. Director (Diane. performance-based requirements for new construction.org) Senior Managing Director: John C. acceptance criteria for core tests of suspect concrete.org) Engineering: Daniel W. supplies.
detailing. RAM. and scheduling of reinforced insitu/precast and post-tensioned concrete structures.Bentley.com/ProConcrete © 2011 Bentley Systems. ProConcrete offers simple and easy-to-use tools for advanced 3D modeling of reinforced concrete structures. Contact us to request additional information and speak with a Bentley sales specialist at 1. Bentley. Incorporated or one of its direct or indirect wholly owned subsidiaries. and Scheduling ProConcrete.800. RTF. MicroStation. Detailing. .BENTLEY ProConcrete features include: l Support of ISM (Integrated Structural Modeling) l Modeling and modiﬁcation in 3D l Stairs/beam/columns/slabs/walls l International rebar libraries l Creation of schedules and lists from model l File formats such as PDF. part of ProStructures. is an advanced 3D CAD program for modeling. and STAAD are either registered or unregistered trademarks or service marks of Bentley Systems. ProConcrete 3D enables engineers to reduce documentation production time and assists them in eliminating errors and design ﬂaws. HTML l Automatic generation and update of all 2D drawings l Intelligent dimensioning/annotation l Programming interface (COM/VBA) for user deﬁned applications www. producing automated design and detail drawings and rebar schedules. the “B” Bentley logo. Incorporated. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their respective owners.Intelligent Structural Design ProConcrete V8i SELECTseries 4 Bar Bending Schedule ProConcrete V8i Complex 3D Design Advanced 3D CAD for Modeling.
respectively.. on Thursday. northern Scotland. But their celebration of “Midsummer” is a reminder that their longest day of the year is soon to be followed by shorter and eventually cooler ones. Nowadays we have to be able to see and communicate from down the street to around the world. and international partners like those in Australia. to be part of this monumental convergence! Realizing that I cannot globally generalize on what to call the December Solstice—or on what to expect from its passing—reminds me of how difficult it is to generalize on the complicated issues addressed by ACI. Issues that portend an increase in light and warmth to one member or constituency can leave another member or group in a cold. our friends in the Japan and Korean Concrete Institutes would call in at their local time of 2:30 p.m. international partners. Not only are manufacturer’s instruction manuals written in many languages. while RILEM would call from France at 6:30 a. documentable ACI President event will signiﬁcantly affect every one of us. but the chill in their toes is matched with hope in their hearts since this shortest day and longest night of the year signiﬁes that the days will now start to get longer and bring more of the sun’s warming power. December 21. The Indian Concrete Institute and ACI India Chapter would join at their 11 a. on Wednesday. we do not see everything the same way—not even the sun. and educational materials have been translated and the demand is increasing. I began by assuming that the roughly 18. We’re not only “global” in the sense that our members. and our international partners in the Northern Hemisphere call this moment the “Winter Solstice. December 22. But for all of our variety. ACI members in Alaska.m. chapters. New Zealand. Hover. reports. and sooner rather than later. the solstice has a less dramatic effect. While this Kenneth C.President’s Memo Celebrating a Global Event ater this month. but many of our own ACI codes. For our international chapters at or near the equator in Singapore. but we likewise work with global technologies in which an idea or innovation is judged on how well it works regardless of its country of origin. and Colombia. members.m.” as their southern extremities celebrate near-continuous daylight. As this article is being prepared. ACI members. chapters. specs. Ken Hover Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 7 . and 7:30 p. Our many friends. our certiﬁcation team is in China and Taiwan and another delegation is visiting IBRACON in Brazil and then unveiling new Spanish-language ACI documents in Chile. Peru. and South Africa call exactly the same moment the “Summer Solstice. guides. and equipment to any office or job site regardless of how remote..m. a weary Ron Burg would answer ACI’s phone at precisely 12:30 a. As I contemplated a traditional year-end memo. and allied organizations are spread out all over the world. and The Concrete Society in L London would ring-up at an early 5:30 a. material. people. Modern communication and transportation systems move ideas. we’re bound in a global economy where decisions made in any one corner of the world will affect all of us. From that unique vantage point at exactly noon on Thursday. the sun will appear to brieﬂy stop in its tracks directly overhead. predictable. Ethiopia. hardy northerners greet the official beginning of winter with extra layers of clothing.000 of us who receive Concrete International have similar year-end expectations.” As the sun reaches its southernmost declination. from a time zone a few hours ahead of our Taiwanese and Chinese partners. and we have to realize that although we share common goals. December 22 (local time). you can row your boat along the Tropic of Capricorn to a spot about 1000 miles (1600 km) due west of the westernmost tip of Australia to witness an annual event of great importance. we will not all agree on how the event will inﬂuence our futures. that same date. but such is not a valid assumption.m.m. dark place. and our partners in the Norwegian and Swedish Concrete Associations celebrate the event in near darkness with little or no sunshine to brighten the day. But ACI Past President Florian Barth of the Northern California and Western Nevada Chapter and Wayne Kawano of the Cement and Concrete Products Institute of Hawaii would connect at 9:30 p. certiﬁcation products. or Ecuador. Back in Detroit.m. If we wanted to schedule an ACI conference call to simultaneously celebrate the solstice. nor will we all agree on what to call it.
ACI is a Registered Provider with the American Institute of Architects and several state licensing boards. and coating types will also be covered. ACI/PCA 318-11 Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete ACI/PCA Reinforced Concrete Design—2-day seminar ACI/PCA Simpliﬁed Design of Concrete Buildings ACI/PCI Design and Construction of Concrete Parking Structures ACI/TMS Masonry Design to the IBC and MSJC Codes Basics of Concrete Materials and Testing Concrete Repair Basics Construction of Concrete Slabs-on-Ground Design of Concrete Slabs-on-Ground Environmental Engineering Concrete—Design and Details Physical Tester—Basics of Cement Testing* Portland Cement Concrete Overlays: State of the Technology Repair of Concrete Bridges. will be presented and discussed. Call (248) 848-3754 for a quote. Seminar attendees will receive 0. CONtiNUiNG EDUcatiON CReDit ACI Custom Seminars Topics now offered Personalized training to ﬁt your organization’s needs and goals.” worked examples prepared by PCA. visit www. “PCA Notes on ACI 318-08. visit www. and Other Transportation Structures Repair of Concrete Workshop Seismic and Wind Design Considerations for Concrete Buildings Seismic Design of Liquid-Containing Concrete Structures Troubleshooting Concrete Construction Troubleshooting Concrete Floor Problems Troubleshooting Concrete Forming and Shoring *Training fees vary depending on duration and location. Included with the seminar are complimentary copies of ACI’s “Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-11) and Commentary. In addition to the new anchor design requirements.” This seminar.com and click on Custom Seminars. Professional engineers can convert CEUs to PDHs to fulfill their continuing education requirements.2011 ACI Educational Seminars seminars at-a-glance For more information on ACI seminars.com ACI/PCA 318-11 Building Code Seminars Seminar Topics The American Concrete Institute (ACI) has just published the latest edition of ACI 318.5 Professional Development Hours (PDHs) for each day of the seminar. such as detailing for structural integrity and designing using the latest in strut-and-tie modeling. A major portion of the revisions are related to the addition of adhesive anchors in ACI 318 for the ﬁrst time.concreteseminars. allowable grades. “Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete and Commentary. which is cosponsored by ACI and the Portland Cement Association (PCA). . the seminar will cover adhesive anchor evaluation requirements and new provisions requiring certiﬁcation of the anchor installer under certain circumstances. Parking Decks.” and “PCA Notes on 318-11 Companion Publication” (mailed when available this fall)—essential items that anyone in the concrete industry will refer to over and over for the next several years.concreteseminars. Changes to reinforcing steel detailing requirements. Important topics.75 Continuing Education Units (CEUs) worth 7. will cover all the major changes in this new edition of the Code. For more information regarding available Custom Seminar topics.
Zip ACI Member No.S. 2011 Phoenix.concreteseminars. DC 13.S. MasterCard. a credit or surcharge may apply. 2011 Atlanta. fees and sign-up One-day seminar $597 $457 $125 Nonmember Registration Fee ACI National Member Registration Fee Full-Time Student Registrations from nonmembers (except government agencies within the U. If your substitute qualiﬁes at a different registration fee. If you notify us 7 or more working days before the seminar.m. Please charge to: (circle one) VISA MasterCard American Express fax: 248-848-3801 (24 hours a day) phone: Member Services 248-848-3815 8 a.: Registration Fee: $ Phone payment I am paying by check (payable to ACI) Fax E-mail register today web: www. product. Box 9094 Farmington Hills. visit www. your registration fee will be refunded.m. Include current proof of enrollment with your registration.com mail: American Concrete Institute Member Services P.) must be accompanied by full payment or charged to VISA. Conﬁrmed participants who do not attend are liable for the entire fee unless we are notiﬁed in advance of the seminar date that you cannot attend. funds and issued from a U. AZ 6. or American Express.O. Registration from all others must be accompanied by full payment. we will issue you an ACI credit minus a $75 administrative fee. charged to a credit card. TX 15.com Dates are subject to change. If ACI cancels a seminar due to insufﬁcient enrollment.S. or reserved by government or company purchase order (ACI federal ID# is 38-0296490).concreteseminars. To qualify for the discounted ACI National Members Seminar Fee. Signature:______________________________________________________________ Expiration Date:_________________________________________________________ Account Number:________________________________________________________ . If you cannot attend the seminar. we will issue you an ACI credit for the full amount of your registration fee that you may redeem for any future ACI seminar.-5 p.seminar dates and locations Please check seminar location and date AZF December GAF December DCF December TXF December CAF December For additional dates and locations or more information on ACI seminars. MI 48333-9094 Please charge to my ACI member account Current ACI national members only. If you notify us that you cannot attend within 3 to 6 working days before the seminar. Discounted student seminar fee is only for full-time students. If you notify us that you cannot attend less than 3 working days before the seminar date. 2011 Washington. State. GA 8. we will refund your registration fee. bank. or service. please provide your ACI Member number next to your name. 2011 San Francisco. Name Title Company Address 2 Address 1 City. ET I have a disability and may require accommodation in order to fully participate in the seminar. CA refund policy Substitutions are accepted at any time. ACI is not responsible for any incidental or consequential damages such as nonrefundable airfare. 1. 2011 Dallas. All payments must be in U. please notify the ACI Seminar Registrar at 248-848-3815 immediately.
ON. Gang is recognized for her innovations in architecture. Professor Emeritus” title by the Virginia Tech Board of Visitors. an ASTM member since 1996. and commercial buildings. DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international 10 . he held research positions at Master Builders Inc. Concrete and Concrete Aggregates. He is a licensed professional engineer in California and Connecticut. CA. and doctorate degrees from the Pennsylvania State University. Spivey to its Princeton. and has been in that department since. She received her bachelor’s degree from the University of Illinois and her master’s degree in architecture from Harvard University. Manufactured Masonry Units. and membership orders by computer. and held a number of North American leadership positions with the Germany-based Henkel Corporation. Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering in the College of Engineering at Virginia Tech. C15. ASTM International honored two ACI members with Awards of Merit and the accompanying title of Fellow. Via. Inc. Cement. Spivey specializes in the condition assessment. repair. FACI. in Cleveland. was conferred the “Charles E. FACI. He is also active in the Virginia Department of Transportation Concrete Research Advisory Committees. She received a BS and a doctorate in geology from the University of Western Ontario in London. Gregory S. especially in the area of historic mortars. Zimmerman. Jeanne Gang was named a 2011 MacArthur Zimmerman Weyers Fellow. Wiss. he was Global Director of Operations. Prior to this position. and E60. Honors and Awards Richard E. The ACI staff congratulates her on reaching this milestone anniversary. area. She presently works at Lhoist North America and was previously a Research Scientist at the National Research Council Canada’s Institute for Research in Construction. and Charles E. for her exceptional leadership and commitment to standards development for the committee. C01. and led both undergraduate and graduate courses. June transferred to the new Information Systems Department to assist with a membership database computer system conversion. most often in the Chicago. and adaptive reuse of existing structures and has worked with many National Register and National Historic buildings. He has a background in polymer adhesives and coatings and experience overseeing manufacturing. Berkeley. She is a member at large for C12. KS. master’s. educational. Margaret Thomson received the honor from ASTM Committee C12. and C09. He received his MBA in international business and BS in biology and chemistry from the University of Connecticut. marked 40 years of employment with ACI in 2011. IL. subscription. and received a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering from the Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art and a master’s degree in structural engineering from the University of California.On the Move June F. Prior to that. renovation. He was made an Honorary Member of both committees in 2009 and serves on several other ASTM committees. Weyers has made signiﬁcant contributions to the ﬁeld of civil engineering through his work in the area of concrete materials. creating bold yet functional forms for residential. More than 15 years ago. She started with the Publication Department. Mortars and Grouts for Unit Masonry. Peter Zazzaro was named Vice President of Operations at Dur-A-Flex. branch as a Senior Associate. as ACI began to computerize its operations. Cement. Lime. He is currently Technical Center Director at Ash Grove Cement Company in Overland Park. He started Virginia Tech’s Concrete for Kids program and concrete canoe project. Then. Committee C12 cited Thomson. ACI Information Systems Coordinator. speciﬁcally in corrosion science and the rehabilitation and protection of reinforced concrete bridge decks. Weyers. He received his bachelor’s degree in microbiology from the Ohio State University. Janney. Via Jr. she processed publication. Inc. aided in the design and development of Virginia Tech’s Civil and Environmental Engineering Structures and Material Laboratory. Sustainability.. Canada. He received his bachelor’s. She founded Studio Gang Gang Architects in 1997 and is an Adjunct Professor at the Illinois Institute of Technology. and Southwestern Portland Cement in Victorville. Jr. Barger. Quality & Regulatory Affairs with Dymax. received the honor from ASTM Committees C01. NJ. for his leadership and technical contributions related to standards on compositional analysis and use and testing of hydraulic cements and hydraulic cement concretes. Elstner Associates. and also serves on Committees C07. has added Justin M. OH. A member of the Virginia Tech community since 1985.
subsidence cracking. He also was the Editor of Concrete Construction magazine for 14 years and served as Director of Construction Information Services for the Portland Cement Association. patience. numerous technical bulletins and articles.). “They inﬂuenced me more than I inﬂuenced them. January 23-27. and walls. while noting the many concrete industry people who had inﬂuenced him and enriched his ability to address concrete contractors’ concerns. bull floats. He taught engineering at several universities and worked in quality control for Daniel Construction Company (now Fluor Corp. “Hands-On Training: Masonry |Concrete Block. and PhD in civil engineering from the Malisch Receives ASCC Lifetime Achievement Award University of Illinois. MI. After watching professional masons build a concrete block wall while WOC Masonry Advisor Mike Schuller provides comments and tips. Instruction will be provided on the use of hand and power tools. The “Concrete Placement and Consolidation Qualification Preparatory Seminar. Surveying equipment will be provided. also will be covered.News Ward R. and cold joints.” said Executive Director Bev Garnant. 36 Position Statements. experience. straightedges. and co-authoring Tolerances for Cast-in-Place Concrete Buildings. Malisch. and understanding he has shared has deﬁned much of what ASCC is today.ASHGROVE. including handheld vibratory screeds. and calculate errors and make adjustments to distance measurements in the field. MS. bump cutters. 2011. has answered the ASCC technical telephone hotline for 25 years. representation on industry committees. The consequences of improper vibration. NV.” a follow-up to Seminar MO01. humor. knowledge of concrete. which includes honeycombing.” Malisch received his BS. Technical Director of the American Society of Concrete Contractors (ASCC). 2012. Ash Grove has the tools and talent to reliably deliver high-quality. Malisch. Attendees can practice instrument setup.” which is limited to 30 attendees per session. in Las Vegas. acknowledging recipients for their body of work within the industry and their service to ASCC. From a dedicated technical services laboratory. American-made materials that meet customer deadlines and project owner speciﬁcations. “The time. at the organization’s annual conference in Grand Rapids. receiving individual instructions and tips from an assigned mason. bugholes.com Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 11 . homes and high-rises. lift lines. Ash Grove Cement Company has manufactured high-quality products that build America’s highways. who was ACI’s Senior Managing Director before his retirement. consistent. More importantly. Contact Dewey Fore (913) 451-8900 for more information.6 x 9 m) slab under the direction of two industry-recognized flatwork finishers. attendees will learn about the window of finishability and how to read fresh concrete. www.” a new session where two groups of 10 attendees will place and finish a 12 x 30 ft (3. “Hands-On Training: How to Place and Finish Floors. and has made it a stronger and more credible body. This is a preparatory seminar for the written and field performance exams required to be recognized as a STRONG AMERICAN FOUNDATION For nearly 130 years. ” he said. Malisch said he was honored to receive the award. to our two ACI Fellows and ISO 14001-certiﬁed environmental control technology.” a new educational offering on how to properly place and consolidate fresh concrete for slabs-on-ground. At the presentation. Surveying Basics I: Using Digital Total Stations. His work on ASCC’s behalf includes 62 Troubleshooting Newsletters. attendees will be subdivided into groups to lay out and build three additional block walls with inside and outside corners. “There is no way to adequately thank Ward for what he’s done for ASCC. columns. The Lifetime Achievement Award is ASCC’s highest honor. and walk-behind power trowels. determine errors in angles and distances. research projects. These events include: “Hands-On Training: Surveying with Total Stations. received a Lifetime Achievement Award from Malisch ASCC on September 17. foundations. multiple presentations. •• Hands-on Training at WOC •• •• •• Several training sessions will be available during World of Concrete (WOC).
If the dissolved salts reach the wires. traditional methods of conducting LCCA do not provide for any differences in the long-term costs of building materials. This means it does not need to be replaced and can remain within the concrete structure permanently. The exams are scheduled on January 24. The researchers noted Life-Cycle Costs of Roads The MPA Braunschweig sensor-transponder 12 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international . The seminar will be held on January 25. The transponder wirelessly transmits the measured data to a reading device carried by an inspector. International Grooving and Grinding Association. largely because of the high price volatility of asphalt. Charley Grady. a Fraunhofer IMS Researcher.” To reach those conclusions. International Grooving and Grinding Association. a building materials testing facility. Craftco.worldofconcrete. and Larry Scoﬁeld.ims.com for more information. and Best Practices” during World of Concrete 2012. titled “The Effects of Inﬂation and Its Volatility on the Choice of Construction Alternatives. the researchers found that the mean real price of concrete decreases by 20%. The planned presenters include Scott Eilken. or e-mail: mrivenburg@pavement. Field tests are already underway with the sensor-transponder being integrated into a test bridge that MPA Braunschweig constructed. the mean price of asphalt increases by 95%. The simulations were based on the assumption that the highway could be built with either asphalt or concrete. while it is the opposite case for asphalt. A sensortransponder embedded in concrete can continuously measure and monitor how deep chloride ions have penetrated the concrete. they begin to corrode and break. from 1 to 5 p.m.org.” To register for the free seminar. Go to www. Additional topics to be discussed at the seminar will include material from the new Tech Briefs recently released by the Seal/No Seal Group. ” The key ﬁnding in the research is that. 2012. Go to www. four-lane highway project as a representative sample. the integrated passive wireless transponder system is the work of Fraunhofer IMS researchers. the researchers performed 1000 simulations using a 10 mile (16 km). The training session will comprise the best practices for all construction elements that can affect pavement jointing and crack sealing. “The number of defective iron wires is an indicator of the extent of corrosion and the depth to which the concrete’s protective layer has been penetrated. The code for free registration to WOC for ACI members is A21. The Seal/No Seal Group is hosting a free seminar on “Concrete Pavement Joint and Crack Sealing—Market Trends. While the sensor was developed by MPA Braunschweig.” “Use of Silanes for Sealing Joints in Concrete Pavements. are testing a cost-effective method for detecting chloride-induced corrosion at an early stage. telephone: (518) 731-7450.” “Joint Slap Evaluation and Prevention. “overall inﬂation outstripped concrete inﬂation. fraunhofer.sealnoseal.News WOC Qualified Concrete Placement and Consolidation Worker. “More speciﬁcally. “Our transponder does not get the energy it needs to measure the corrosion from a battery. contact Michele Rivenburg. Germany. Information on the Seal/No Seal Group can be found at www. The sensor is crisscrossed by a regular grid of very ﬁne iron wires. Over the same period.” the report states. Current Research. but from a magnetic ﬁeld. ” Meyer added.” “Joint Movement Estimator for Designing Transverse Joint Seal Installations. Quality Saw and Seal.com. In conducting the simulations over a 50-year period. at the Las Vegas Hilton Convention Center. Seal/No Seal Group Seminar on Concrete Pavement Sealing Detecting Corrosion Early Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Microelectronic Circuits and Systems (IMS) in Duisburg.” and “Construction of Long-Life Sealant Performance.de for more information. Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Concrete Sustainability Hub recently released a comprehensive study of life-cycle cost analyses (LCCA) for road construction projects. ” said Frederic Meyer. The Tech Briefs are titled “Evaluation of Backer Rod Absorption. The ﬁrst part of the session will be informational and the remaining portion will be a training session. This allows us to determine when the next repair work needs to be carried out.
has pledged $250. For SMSA’s Capital Campaign. Asphalt requires more frequent maintenance.883.2012 New Orleans.8857 Visit our web site: www. @Risk is a Microsoft Excel add-on and the Excel/@Risk data ﬁle associated with the research allows the user to perform the veriﬁcations and upgrades required for the analysis. Will outperform any other type of vibrator… round. View the complete research at http://web. Is an absolute must for Architectural concrete where cosmetic surfaces are essential. The software package is available at www. Inc.com Concrete Vibrating Equipment Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 13 . To simplify the process of accounting for inﬂation in LCCA.News that although the highway would have similar functionality. never drops below 10. Makes concrete denser with less voids to patch. the Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC).oztec.800.2012 Las Vegas. palisade. square.000vpm.mit. Vibrates @ 12.9055 . Is outstanding in low slump (to "0" slump) concrete. This pledge is the lead gift in the campaign and is the ﬁrst major corporate pledge. Oztec's high efficiency “RubberHead ” has been job proven to be the most efficient tool for consolidating concrete without damaging epoxy coated rebar.000 toward the Seabee Memorial Scholarship Association (SMSA) Capital Campaign. pdf. hi-cycle. The pledge may be used for as many as seven named scholarships. the MIT team has developed an Excel-based program with an associated data ﬁle that allows a decision-maker to verify/upgrade this work to evaluate alternative construction projects.1.516.533. more of the lifetime costs of the road would be in the initial construction. SMSA is a nonproﬁt organization that provides ﬁnancial assistance to the children and grandchildren of Naval Civil Engineer Corps (CEC) officers and enlisted Seabees.500vpm when lowered deep into low slump concrete. The CEC and Seabees are both divisions of Oztec’s patented design ensures perfect consolidation with no hang-ups in the most congested rebar. so a large portion of its costs would be spread throughout the life of the project. Tel: 1. Can be used with Oztec electric or gas Please visit us at our upcoming shows: WORLD OF CONCRETE . a leading provider of professional technical and management support services for government and commercial clients around the world.000 and will make three additional $50. etc…Any Type! Will protect epoxy coated rebar and expensive forms. the company has made an initial donation of $100.000 donations over the next 3 years. Nevada Booth #N2324 © THE RENTAL SHOW . Eliminates damage caused by a standard steel vibrator head ® Extension Oztec RubberHeads AECOM Pledges Gift to the Seabee Memorial Scholarship Association PROUDLY MADE IN ® USA All Oztec vibrators meet or exceed ACI specification # 309 AECOM Technology Corporation. Essential in large pours of very stiff concrete.edu/cshub/news/ pdf/Inﬂation%20and%20Volatility. Louisiana Booth #6713 Oztec Industries. the cost proﬁles would be different based on the different characteristics of the material.com/risk. Due to the durability of concrete pavement.
which was subjected to a double-blind review by academic and industry experts in alternative fuels and cement. created the Seabees during World War II to build support facilities needed in advanced combat zones. NBS receives funding from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. Errata can be found through the “Bookstore & Publications” pull-down menu on the ACI Web site.net/wp-content/uploads/ NBS-Systematic-Review-Cement-Manufacturing. but cement kilns burn at such high temperatures that most of toxins are burnt before they can be released into the air. we found it could be better to burn municipal solid waste rather than burning coal to manufacture cement. and industry partners. Further details on committee member responsibilities and roles will be provided by ISI. as well as to defend those facilities afterward. including: “Code Requirements for Nuclear Safety-Related Concrete Structures (ACI 349M-06) and Commentary. “Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-11) and Commentary. sustainable business models. NBS is a Canadian not-for-proﬁt organization that connects researchers and business leaders worldwide. the Université du Québec à Montréal. Incinerating car tires and plastic products releases harmful pollutants into the air. tires. ISI is forming several committees to assist the ISI Board of Directors and staff in developing programming for the organization. Harris.” first printing. The Cement Association of Canada supported the research. for more information. and American Society of Civil Engineers—will close at the end of 2011. ” first printing. Recent updates to ACI documents have been posted. concrete. but the majority of work is expected to be accomplished by conference call. along with project management and business strategies to promote sustainable infrastructure solutions. New Sustainability Rating Tool in Development Study of Alternative Energy Sources for Cement Manufacture The Network for Business Sustainability (NBS) found that using household garbage. such as reduction in the quantity of waste going to landﬁll and decrease of air emissions responsible of global warming. Although the public comment period is closing. a Postdoctoral Fellow at Politecnico di Bari in Italy and one of the study’s co-authors. made a presentation to Dionisio at AECOM headquarters in May 2011.” first printing. just before World War I. and the Seabees for almost 100 years. ” Public resistance to alternative fuels typically focuses on the toxins released and the impact on human health. The criteria include a series of considerations related to the conceptual and planning framework. President and CEO of AECOM. Their study reviewed the last 10 years of academic and industry research. and “Requisitos de Reglamento para Concreto Estructural (ACI 318S-08) y Comentario (Versión en español y en sistema métrico). Admiral Ben Moreell. Refer to the ISI Web site. Harris Inc. ACI President in 1941. Errata •• •• •• 14 . Executive Director of the Campaign for SMSA. ” said Rosa Maria Dangelico. the Richard Ivey School of Business at the University of Western Ontario. the goal of creating new.News Each scholarship provides $2000 per year for a 4-year educational period. and Captain Joe Leahy. Dionisio. CEC. Captain Brian Smith. www. These organizations formed the Institute for Sustainable Infrastructure (ISI) in 2010 as a 501(c)(3) nonproﬁt corporation to develop a rating system for civil infrastructure. along with a graduated performance achievement assessment to guide the user through the various elements of a planning and project delivery process. AECOM’s history has been intertwined with NAVFAC. The pledge was authorized by John M. “Alternative Energy Sources in Cement Manufacturing: A Systematic Review of the Body of Knowledge” can be downloaded at http://nbs.. if necessary. “Doing so could lead to some environmental beneﬁts. “From the reviewed documents.org. org. a company started by Rear Admiral Frederic R. the Bureau of Yards and Docks.sustainableinfrastructure.pdf. One of the ﬁrst founding ﬁrms of AECOM was Frederic R. compared to the use of fossil fuels. American Public Works Association. The prototype Envision rating system includes a series of 10 primary criteria and 74 subcriteria. who became Chief of NAVFAC’s predecessor organization. member of the SMSA Board of Directors. with DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international The public comment period for the Envision™ rating system—developed by a working group from the American Council of Engineering Companies. and even plastic to manufacture cement would produce fewer greenhouse gases and reduce the amount of waste sent to landﬁll than the fossil fuels currently used. industry representatives are encouraged to assist in the ongoing reﬁnement of the rating system. www.
Inc. diverse expertise. Holcim (US) Inc. Inc. All Sustaining Members receive the 1/3-page profile section on a rotating basis. Inc.are the foundation of our success. Meadows. Triad Engineering. quality.K. Grace & Co. To learn more about Baker. Delivering the highest caliber of performance. Portland Cement Association Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute Schmitt Technical Services. Metromont Corporation Mintz Levin Municipal Testing Operating Engineers Training Trust Oztec Industries. Concrete International includes a 1/3-page member profile and a listing of all Sustaining Member organizations. or one of the nation’s premier stadiums. Baker offers clients a partnership based on integrity and trust.concrete. Baker’s clients can expect more with every project. Baker’s professional teams bring the same drive. Inc. STRUCTURAL Structural Services. and extensive capabilities. enthusiasm. Whether it’s a power generation project. Future Tech Consultants Golden Relief Resources LLC W. With a culture that thrives on challenges and takes pride in the success of its co-workers and clients. LLC Kleinfelder Lafarge North America Lehigh Cement Co. ACS Manufacturing Corporation Ash Grove Cement Company Ashford Formula Baker Concrete Construction. R. In addition to superior workmanship delivered with an eye toward safety. Inc. Inc. S. Lithko Contracting. Inc. Inc. Headwaters Resources. Ghosh Associates. Inc. LM Scoﬁeld Sika Corp. Baker is in the business of creating structures and relationships that are built to last. visit our Web site at www. Barrier-1 Inc.bakerconcrete. Meadow Burke W. and efficiency. please visit their Web site at www.htm . ICS Penetron International Ltd Keystone Structural Concrete. Headquartered in Ohio. Inc. Baker offers a full spectrum of concrete construction and related services. Inc. Inc. from preconstruction through completion. Commercial Contracting Corporation Concrete Engineering Specialists Concrete Reinforcing Steel Institute CTLGroup Dayton Superior The Euclid Chemical Co. and with 12 office locations that support work throughout the United States and beyond. TWC Concrete Services Urban Concrete Contractors Ltd. To learn more about our sustaining members.R. Fibercon International.org/members/mem_sustaining. BASF Corporation Buzzi Unicem USA Cantera Concrete Company CECO Concrete Construction ChrYso. To provide additional exposure to ACI Sustaining Members. Francis Harvey & Sons Inc.com. and innovative spirit to every project. Wacker Neuson Westroc. Baker has become an industry leader that goes beyond the expected.
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org/about/ ab-awards. and integrity. a Fellow shall have been a Member of the Institute. The total number of Honorary Members of the Institute and the maximum number elected in any 1 year are at the discretion of the ACI Board of Direction. Signiﬁcant contributions to ACI and/or to the concrete industry. at ACI Headquarters. Nominations may be submitted to ACI Headquarters from any source. e-mail: diane. and structures in the areas of education. 2012. Designated recipients are invited to be recognized at the annual spring convention of the Institute. ACI is seeking nominations for the 2012 awards program. ethics. Submit your nominations to the attention of Diane Pociask. Please assist ACI in recognizing those deserving individuals or organizations. Nominees will be judged by the degree to which they have attained noteworthy recognition in the following areas: Service in any ﬁeld of endeavor aligned with the Institute’s objectives. development. by February 15.pociask@ concrete. as downloadable MS Word documents. design. Potential candidates may be presented to the FNC for consideration by a member of the committee. The committee’s recommendations are made to the Honors and Awards Committee for ﬁnal approval by the ACI Board of Direction at their meeting at the ACI fall convention.org. you can choose the award form you wish to use to nominate a worthy individual or organization. by the International Committee. From the awards home page. An Honorary Member has the same rights and privileges as a member. Fellows of the Institute are nominated by a Fellows Nomination Committee (FNC) and elected by the ACI Board of Direction. The Honorary Membership Committee reviews and formulates recommendations during their annual meeting at the ACI spring convention. ACI Honors and Awards Program. ACI’s highest honor. Contributions that have beneﬁted their nation. A person elected an Honorary Member will receive a suitably inscribed certiﬁcate and an Honorary Member lapel pin. •• •• •• •• Member is elected by unanimous vote of the ACI Board of Direction. selfnominations. by a local chapter. to persons of eminence in their ﬁeld and those who perform extraordinary meritorious service to the Institute. An Honorary DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international 18 . 2012. construction. and shall have made outstanding contributions to the production or use of concrete materials. www. or a representative of an Organizational or Sustaining Member of the Institute. but shall not be subject to dues. Administrative Assistant. or by petition by ﬁve current ACI members. in most cases. At the time of nomination. or management. Nominations for Fellows of the Institute should be submitted to ACI Headquarters by May 30. products.concrete. which are presented at the spring convention’s Opening Session and Awards Program. research. The FNC meets annually at the ACI spring convention to review nominations and develop a slate of recommended nominees for consideration and election by the ACI Board of Direction.2012 ACI Honors and Awards Program Nominations are open for the annual awards of the Institute A CI bestows honors and awards on the recommendation of an awards or nomination committee and approval by the ACI Board of Direction. including. and Demonstrated positive inﬂuence on the industry and adhering to high standards of conduct. Nomination forms are available from ACI’s Web site. including 3 of the last 5 years. In addition. for at least 10 years. a Fellow shall have made signiﬁcant contributions to ACI through committees Fellow of the Institute Honorary Membership The Institute confers Honorary Membership.htm.
MCI® can reduce corrosion rates as much as 80%. and the use of concrete in construction. C o r t e c M C I . recognize.com St. to concrete technology. Turner. or special committee work. and sustainability are also recognized. ACI established merit awards (Joe W. Contributions in innovative materials. has made signiﬁcant contributions to progress in methods of concrete construction. as a constructor. Henry L. administrative. an extremely active Institute member and an ACI Past President. Anderson Award in 1972 in recognition of Arthur R. MN 55110 USA © Cortec Corporation 2011 Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 19 . Proven to penetrate to embedded reinforcement. This offers an economical solution to more expensive cathodic protection systems used for concrete. It may be bestowed once in any year for noteworthy engineering development work in concrete design or construction. Kelly. certiﬁcation. the committee is not restricted to members of the Institute or the achievements of any particular period. For more information. In making selections for the Turner Medal. Personal Awards In an effort to encourage.com Total Corrosion. Charles S. ﬁrms. or organizations are eligible to receive this award. ACI Past President. ACI Professional Awards (Individual or Organization) ACI established the Arthur R. Corbetta Concrete Constructor Award was established in 1972 in recognition of Roger H. The Charles S. Kelly Award was established in 1974 in recognition of the contributions of Joe W. Administered by the Personal Awards Committee. c o m 1-800-4-CORTEC Info@CortecVCI. these awards recognize those individuals or organizations that. The award is given only for outstanding technical or administrative service to the Institute. The award is given for outstanding contributions to the advancement of knowledge of concrete as a construction material. Turner Medal was founded in 1927 by Henry C. Paul. and Cedric Willson). It is awarded for notable achievements in or service to the concrete industry. Any outstanding engineering development work contributing importantly through the development •• Q U A EXCELLENCE I T Y C O R P O R AT I O N Environmentally Safe VpCI ®/MCI ® Technologies ® •• Cortec® MCI® used on Pentagon Repair Project as featured in Concrete Repair Bulletin Sept. The recognition may be extended to a ﬁrm or agency alone or to an individual. These individual merit awards do not necessarily have to be granted each year. Kennedy. Kennedy Award was established in 1958 by the Institute to honor the late Henry L. and administration. Corbetta Concrete Constructor./Oct. The Henry L. Individuals attaining this honor shall retain that membership rank as long as membership in the Institute is maintained. technology. and reward excellence and outstanding accomplishments in the art and science of concrete. Coulombs • Control • Aminoalcohol • MCI®-2020 Amine Carboxylate •• Cycle Number •• Cortec’s Migrating Corrosion Inhibitors (MCI®) offer superior corrosion protection for new and existing structures. Whitney. Anderson. Cracked Beam Testing of Surface Treatments. ACI Past President. or which. marked leadership in technical. Corbetta. Turner) and professional awards (Arthur R. Details: www. Kennedy. These awards were named in honor of ACI Past Presidents and members who made outstanding contributions to the use of concrete. the advancement of his profession. for his imaginative and outstanding leadership •• •• and insistence on excellence of concrete quality for engineering works. please visit our newly updated website: w w w. 2010 Issue. ACI Merit Awards (Individual) The Joe W. The basis for selection of awardees is outstanding activity or service that has enhanced the Institute’s prestige. for his creative leadership and many outstanding contributions to the use of concrete for construction. corporations. and Henry C. Whitney. or other distinguished service to the Institute. Whitney Medal for engineering development was founded in 1961 by Ammann and Whitney to honor the memory of Charles S. The award is given to an individual or an organization who. design.CortecMCI. ACI Past President. The Henry C. Anderson. The Roger H. All persons. have enhanced the Institute’s prestige. including testing and case histories. This award is given only for outstanding contributions to education in the broad ﬁeld of concrete. Roger H. his devotion to teaching. Kelly. ACI Past President. through their outstanding contributions to education.and/or local chapters.
selfnominations will not be considered. Also administered by the Personal Awards Committee. Nominees must be ACI members and 35 years of age or less at the time the completed nomination form is received at Headquarters. ﬁrm. ACI established the ACI Concrete Sustainability Award in 2010. or organization is eligible for the award. This award recognizes individuals and organizations that have made notable contributions to the advancement of ACI certiﬁcation through involvement in the general areas of developing. The award may be presented to more than one individual or team per year. or construction.. Nominations may be submitted by an ACI member. The ACI Young Member Award for Professional Achievement is administered by the ACI Young Member Award for Professional Achievement Committee. high character. design. committees. and task groups. at the ACI Spring 2011 Convention in Tampa. Faculty Achievement Award is administered by Student and Young Professional Activities Committee S804. institutes. Chagrin Falls. A person. this award recognizes individuals or teams who have made contributions in highlighting concrete’s role related to sustainability. Self-nominations will not be considered. evidence of technical competence.•• ACI President Kenneth Hover (left) presents ACI Honorary Membership to Nicholas Carino. in the judgment of the committee. OH. especially in lightweight aggregate. Selfnominations are permitted. education. maintaining. Self-nominations will not be considered. Moore. and lightweight concrete masonry. lightweight concrete. The award is given for outstanding contributions to one or more of these ﬁelds. specifying. an ACI student chapter. Jr. local sponsoring group contacts. Nominations may be submitted by any ACI member or nonmember. The ACI Certiﬁcation Award was established in 2004 and is administered by the Certiﬁcation Programs Award Committee. agencies. or the nominee’s Department Head. and other evidence of merit that. Nominations are to be submitted to Headquarters by an ACI member or chapter. Nominees need not be ACI members. FL •• •• •• of general engineering practice or through the application in speciﬁc noteworthy projects to the advancement of the science or art of concrete design or construction is eligible. former ACI Board member. Nominations may be made by any individual or organization affiliated with ACI or ACI certiﬁcation at DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international •• any level. This committee meets annually at the ACI spring convention to discuss recommendations for ACI Board of Direction consideration at their meeting during the ACI fall convention. and a structural engineer and educator in Texas. promoting. ACI Fellow. including ACI committees. mentoring students and young professionals. or construction and/or the use of concrete in innovative ways to contribute to a more sustainable built environment. has advanced the Institute’s objectives. or enforcing requirements for ACI certiﬁcation programs. organizations. This award recognizes new faculty members for excellence and innovation in the teaching of concrete design. delivering. and must be submitted to Headquarters on the ACI Certiﬁcation Award nomination form. materials. or ACI staff. Moore Jr. and integrity. 20 . Concrete Technology Consultant. Nominations will also be encouraged through concrete sustainability-related societies. The award honors the late Walter P. The Walter P. service to the advancement of the industry. The Cedric Willson Award was established by the ACI Northeast Texas Chapter and approved by the ACI Board of Direction in 1976 in recognition of Cedric Willson’s many contributions in the areas of innovative materials and design. Nominees will be judged by their achievements in active participation at the local chapter and national/ international levels. Student and Young Professional Awards. Notable contributions may be the demonstration or improvement in concrete’s sustainable attributes through research. ACI chapters.
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Buildings Winners Best Low-Rise Office Building: California ISO Headquarters. the NYPD Joint Terrorism Task Force required that the garage include a hardened 12 in. Folsom. in Salt Lake City. a precast hybrid moment frame system was selected for cost. UT. To protect the adjacent stadium from explosive devices. Contractor. go to www.49th PCI Design Awards T hree juries selected 29 winners and 26 honorable mentions for the 2011 Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute (PCI) Design Awards. JE Dunn Construction Company. Precaster and Precast Specialty Engineer. Contractor. features a combination of gray and white panels of varying widths. Best Retail/Mixed-Use Structure: The Atrium. with an integrated 780-car precast parking deck. Precasters. 660-space garage serves as the fourth façade of the stadium. co-winner: Mineta San Jose International Airport ConRAC–QTA. BC. Engineers. Canada This building is the ﬁrst in North America with an exterior precast cladding system made with ultra-high.. the shear walls were curved and the double tees were cast as pie-shaped wedges. Project credits: Dreyfus Blackford Architects. Precaster. and Rubbrecht Engineering. Victoria. Contractors. Inc. Unistress Corp. Precast Specialty Engineer. Kansas City. Lafarge Canada./BNIM Project. Best Parking Structure (0-999 cars): 164th Street Garage. Clark Design Build of California. seismic. 50 ft (15 m) tall reinforced concrete structural wall on the south façade. Prismatic and Hunter Roberts. Structures. and DIALOG. For more information on the winning projects.org/2011/index. Engineer. Enterprise Precast Concrete. Precaster. Project credits: D’Ambrosio Architecture + Urbanism. Inc. NY Adjacent to the new Yankee Stadium. Architect. Architect.. October 22-26. and Hoch Associates.pcidesignawards. Best Mid-Rise Office Building: JE Dunn Corporate Headquarters. Architect. Project credits: 360. Fast + Epp and Stantec. Best Parking Structure (1000+ cars). allowing large exterior openings for extensive day lighting. and MidState Precast. Precast Specialty Engineer. and Coreslab 22 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international . Campbell Construction Ltd. Fay Spofford Thorndike. The UHPC panels were manufactured with a surface pattern of vertical lines cast from a hand-carved mold.html. Submissions are due by May 21. 2012. A custom form liner pattern was created that hides the repetition and seams and creates a strong visual depth to blend with neighboring buildings. Buehler & Buehler Structural Engineers. The producers of the winning projects were acknowledged at the 2011 PCI Annual Convention and National Bridge Conference. CA For the office wing of this LEED Platinum building. To match the curved shape of the structure’s north end. Contractor. (300 mm) thick. Engineer. this ﬁve-tier. LEED Gold corporate office. Project credits: Clarke Caton Hintz Architects. Structural Engineering Associates. CA A double-tee precast design shaved more than 5 months off the construction schedule for this airport parking structure. Architect.performance concrete (UHPC). Bronx. The submission site for the 50th Annual PCI Design Awards will open in January 2012. Precast Specialty Engineer. and aesthetic reasons. Engineer and Precast Specialty Engineer.. Precast columns and beams with hollow core planks were left exposed and provide a loft-like quality to the space. San Jose. MO This six-story.
Precast panels are used to form “frames” on the structure for the murals. Engineer. (19 mm) joints. Gage Brothers Concrete Products. IN The use of a precast concrete structural frame allowed for quick completion of the building envelope on this training facility.. Merrillville. IN Precast concrete form liners impart a limestone-like texture on this Big Ten university football stadium addition. Project credits: Populous.. Architect. Best Parking Structure (1000+ cars).5 in. Orlando. Mortenson Construction. which. Jack Jennings & Sons. Precast Specialty Engineer. Best Custom Solution: IBEW Local No. Project credits: Baker Barrios Architects. A polyethylene sheet served as a bond breaker. Hensel Phelps. Roberts & Petrie Inc. The concrete was then placed to create 10 in. Inc. Orlando. Contractor. Stainless steel anchors were installed through predrilled holes in the panels and extended 2 to 3 in. Pepper Construction Company of Indiana. To accomplish this. (254 mm) thick precast panels. and Finfrock Industries Inc. Architect. Inc. limestone panels— about 4 ft (1. and Hanson Structural Precast. Fink. Inc.. Architect. Minneapolis. Architects. Precasters. and Clark Paciﬁc. co-winner: Indiana University Stadium North End Zone Addition.. Best Stadium/Arena. Inc. co-winner: Target Field. Engineer. Moody-Nolan. Precaster. Gate Precast Co. Project credits: RATIO Architects. allowed photovoltaic panels to be Orlando Health Parking Deck C. and CSD. Associate Architect. Finfrock Design. and The Consulting Engineers Group. Best Stadium/Arena. The form liners were created by taking impressions from actual blocks of limestone. FL This nine-level open parking deck features palm tree murals on precast wall panels to soften the scale of the structure and better blend with the surrounding medical office campus. Contractor.. 697 and JATC Apprenticeship Training Center. (50 to 76 mm) above the stone. FL Target Field. Contractor. Bloomington.. Contractor.Project credits: TransSystems and Fentress Architects. which connects the stadium’s two original sides. Minneapolis.. MN Natural-face limestone (Quarry Creek cut) and honed limestone panels in various thicknesses were attached to precast concrete. MN Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 23 . Precaster and Precast Specialty Engineer. Inc. Precast Specialty Engineer.2 m) square and 2 to 4. Engineer. (50 to 114 mm) thick—were placed face down in the precast form with 3/4 in. in turn. co-winner: Orlando Health Parking Deck C. Watry Design. Precaster and Precast Specialty Engineer.
Best Public/Institutional Building. Estado de México. Designed as a living laboratory.. Project credits: Voorsanger Mathes LLC. co-winner: Indiana University Innovation Center. and Gate Precast Co. IN The use of CarbonCast insulated precast concrete wall panels allow a university business park structure to ﬁt the surrounding architectural context. Architect. Weidlinger Associates. and achieve LEED Silver certiﬁcation. contemporary design adorns this combination police academy training center and magnet high school for students interested in law studies and forensic science. Best Higher Education/University Building. Inc. Architect and Engineer. The main entrance for the police academy is deﬁned by a four-story high wall of light. and National Precast. McCluskey Engineering.. Inc. Atizapán de Zaragoza. James B. FL A sleek. co-winner: The National World War II Museum Phase IV Expansion. México From a distance. Precaster and Precast Specialty Engineer. this 12-story tower looks like a CEDETEC. Precaster and Precast Specialty Engineer. Joseph Regional Medical Center. Precaster. LA The structure’s street façade comprises large precast concrete panels with angular edges and joints. Project credits: AECOM. Project credits: Design Organization. New Orleans. Homeland Security and Forensic Sciences.. and High Concrete Group LLC. Engineer. Architect. Inc. the facility features glass-enclosed electrical and technology rooms in the main lobby with video displays monitoring building performance.. the precast panels lean in and out at varying angles. IN 24 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international . Architect and Engineer. co-winner: City of Miami College of Policing/Miami-Dade School of Law Studies. Project credits: BSA Lifestructures. Best Public/Institutional Building. Estado de México. meet an extremely aggressive schedule. Precaster. Mishawaka. Contractor. Contractor. Some precast panels representing the cliffs of Normandy are on the building’s interior. Best Higher Education/University Building. Miami. Messer Construction.. Buff-colored precast walls emulate the Indiana limestone of nearby buildings and counterbalance the structure’s glass curtain wall and dark brown metal panels.installed early and power the construction site. Satterﬁeld & Pontikes Construction. Contractor. Pirtle Construction. Atizapán de Zaragoza. On different façades. and Gate Precast Co. Contractor. co-winner: CEDETEC. México St. buff-colored panels with a light sandblast ﬁnish and other decorative details. Bloomington. Engineer and Precast Specialty Engineer. Berglund Construction Company.
It features more than 300 curved pieces of white marble aggregate precast panels. Contractor. Architect... Omaha. Architect and Engineer.cylindrical circuit board. Best Multifamily Buildings: The Carlyle. ITESM. and PRESTECSA. CA 25 . reducing the number of casting beds needed. MCL Construction. The use of thin brick panels provides a clean look without through-wall ﬂashing or weep holes. The insulated precast panels eliminate thermal bridges at corners and optimize the building’s thermal characteristics. Precaster and Precast Specialty Engineer. co-winner: Methodist Women. NE This project highlights how the look of masonry can be replicated or even enhanced with thin-brick precast construction. Precaster and Precast Specialty Engineer. ranging from 26 to 97 ft2 (2. and Gate Precast Co. Architect and Engineer. Best Healthcare Facility. CA Textured. The curved precast panel sections have randomly placed embedded windows and could be combined in more than one way.. Mishawaka. co-winner: St. Best Healthcare Facility. Contractor. Los Angeles. Project credits: LANDA Arquitectos. Project credits: HOK. Joseph Regional Medical Center. Inc. IN This community hospital combines precast concrete panels designed to simulate native limestone and precast panels with thin-brick veneer for the design effect. Project credits: HDR. Mortenson/Tonn & Blank.4 to 9 m2). Precaster and Precast Specialty Engineer. Engineer and Contractor. architectural precast panels on the building’s tower achieve a random stone look to complement Egyptian limestone on Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 The Carlyle. and Coreslab Structures (OMAHA) Inc. Los Angeles.
curved panels. including ﬂoor slabs. S-shaped design. de C. TH 58 Over NF Zumbro River. S. for its aesthetic possibilities and speed of erection. Best Hotel: Conjunto Paragon. (25 mm) of recessed exposed precast backup on the horizontal stone joints. Harley Ellis Devereaux. Santa Fe. Santa Fe. DYS S.A. Inc. and Precast Specialty Engineer.. México This high-rise hotel has a winding. and PRETECSA.A. The complicated geometry. insulated wall panels. and Cretex Concrete Products. The new 148 ft (45 m) long bridge was designed to incorporate many of the architectural features of a nearby historic covered bridge. Contractor.C. Architect. PS Architect.V. 26 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international . DEZ Construcciones. Architect. Swinerton Builders. Project credits: IDEA Asociados de Mexico. Canada For this retirement residence. Englekirk Partners. Bétons Préfabriqués du Lac. Contractor. Project credits: Minnowa Construction. and stairs. Contractor. Contractor. México the lower-level base.. A flexible form-casting system significantly reduced the number of molds needed. S. Engineer. DF.. Architect. Project credits: EPA Eric Painchaud Architects. QC. Executive Architect. Project credits: KMD.S.Conjunto Paragon. and Clark Paciﬁc. Precaster. intricate medallions. BPDL. and 1 in. Engineer. Precast Specialty Engineer. the designers chose total precast concrete construction. Gemel Experts Conseils. Bridge/Transportation Winners U. Precaster and Precast Specialty Engineer. Alma. Precaster. Best Retirement/Assisted Living Center: Résidence le Saint-Jude. MN The use of 27M prestressed concrete girders allowed the proﬁle of the roadway for this two-span bridge replacement to remain unchanged. Precaster. Zumbrota. The stone-on-precast base features unique joinery with overlapping stones. saving costs. 90 Bridge over Biloxi Bay. and Axys Consultants. prestressed slabs allowed for the creation of large open spaces while maintaining excellent sound insulation between ﬂoors. Engineer. MS Best Bridge (main span up to 75 feet): Bridge 25025. cubic protruding shapes. and balconies called for innovative precast manufacturing. Biloxi and Ocean Springs. Engineer. epoxied cornerstones. Precast.. Minnesota DOT. DF.
Middlebury. co-winner: I-80 Over Echo Dam Road. and Coastal Precast Systems. days or a week later and ﬁnish with new concrete. Project credits: Massman Construction. MS This $339 million project included dual 1. Inc. (now AECOM). Engineer. Echo.633. Precaster. Contractor. Best Bridge (main span more than 150 feet). 17 Washington Bypass. built over wetlands and a river.Best Bridge (main span 76 to 150 feet). Wadsworth Construction Company. NC This four-lane precast bridge. Earth Tech.5 km) long bridges over Biloxi Bay to replace a bridge destroyed by Hurricane Katrina. stucco. post-tensioned spliced concrete girder bridge in the U. VT This two-lane. Engineer. Best Bridge (main span 76 to 150 feet).6 mile (2. Engineer. The use of precast concrete AASHTO Type II girders with a lightweight concrete deck met the requirements for the two-span bridge. UT To limit traffic disruptions during this project. Precaster.000 psi (69 MPa) self-consolidating concrete mixture to meet the design demands on the large Weld-Crete®—The pale blue bonding agent with over 50 years of superior performance in the ﬁeld. Contractor. other cement mixes or portland cement plaster.S. accelerated bridge construction techniques were mandated.6668 www. Then come back hours. Simply brush. 90 Bridge Over Biloxi Bay. The new structure consists of a 250 ft (76 m) navigation span comprised of precast bulb-tee girders that vary in depth from 12 ft (3. co-winner: U. Inc. Contractor. three-span bridge boasts a 240 ft (73 m) center span. a Joint Venture. and ENCON. Project credits: Ralph L.S.larsenproducts. and Gulf Coast Pre-Stress. all while partially suspended in mid-air.. Michael Baker Jr. roll or spray Weld-Crete® on to concrete or any structurally sound surface. The precaster was required to produce a 10. Plus Weld-Crete’s® low VOC content signiﬁcantly reduces airborne pollutants that affect health and the environment. Beaufort County.. co-winner: U. the longest simple-span precast. Project credits: Flatiron-United. co-winner: Cross Street Bridge Project.S. The solution was to develop pile-driving erection gantry cranes to perform all the construction and eliminate the need for an access trestle. had to be ﬁnished in 44 months without in-water pile driving.com Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 27 .6 m) at the piers to 6. Inc. Biloxi and Ocean Springs. tile. Parsons Corp..5 ft (2 m) at the midspan. terrazzo. Best Bridge (main span more than 150 feet). Precaster. Originators of leading chemical bonding agents… worldwide since 1952 800.
Project credits: Milton Pate Architects. Inc.. Architect. Engineer. and Unistress. Tucker. R. Vanasse Hangen Brustin.6 m) of the existing— and still occupied—campus buildings. Project credits: MAC Construction & Excavating. Precast Specialty Engineer. MA The structure of this pedestrian/equestrian bridge consists of a precast channel design—a segmental deck with the primary support girders integrated with the parapets. Contractor. Architect... Bennett & Pless. Carrara & Sons. Randolph.. and relatively shallow depth to clear the crown of the existing arch rings and minimize the height the roadway proﬁle grade would need to be raised. Precaster and Precast Specialty Engineer. Precaster. Georgetown Township. students were moved in. Contractor. The precast. The old classrooms were then torn down. Inc. Purcell Associates. Contractor. and a suspended walking track. prestressed concrete box beams used had to have signiﬁcant ﬂexural strength. Contractor. Precaster. This project also won the PCI Harry H. Engineer. Best Non-Highway Bridge: DCR Access Road Bridge. The field house has 50 ft (15 m) tall precast concrete walls and 180 ft (55 m) wide roof trusses that allow for an indoor track. Engineer. GA Best Rehabilitated Bridge: River Road Bridge Widening over Harrods Creek. Once the construction of two total precast concrete classroom buildings to house classrooms. Best Sustainable Design: North Central College Residence Hall/Recreation Center. Precaster. and Dukane Precast.. and Kerkstra Precast. Prestress Services Industries. Tucker. Buchar & Associates. girders. The design allowed an increase in clearance and elimination of two of three existing piers while maintaining existing approach grades. Contractor.S..P. . Inc. Project credits: Finley Engineering Group. Louisville. Inc. Engineer.000 ft2 (5760 m2) field house. 265-bed residence hall wrapped around a 62. Precaster. ENTRAN. and Metromont Corp. Naperville. KY The challenge for this concrete arch bridge rehabilitation was to widen the bridge while maintaining the original arch and historic character. shaving 4 months off the construction schedule for this 4000 ft (1200 m) retaining wall project. a media center. and the administration was completed. GA The use of a total precast installation process enabled the construction team to erect portions of the building within 2 ft (0. IL The first LEED Silver combination college dorm and recreational facility in the U. consists of a four-story. Precaster.. Project credits: Thomas A. Engineer. 28 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international Special Awards Winners Best All Precast Solution: Tucker High School. Turner Construction Company. Sections of the retaining wall can be easily replaced in the future. Contractor. prestressed concrete retaining wall system minimized the number of different panels required and reduced panel and footing weights. MI An innovative precast. Zoppo Corp. shear capacity. Edwards Industry Advancement Award. Project credits: Kubricky Construction Corp. Construction Engineer.. Mustang Construction. and J. labs.Tucker High School. Best Transportation Special Solution: Innovative Precast Retaining Wall System for I-196/Baldwin Street Interchange. Project credits: Davis Construction. and Palmer Engineering. Alfred Benesch & Co. activity courts. Engineer. Architectural Consulting Engineers.
423.org www. booth N2750 January 24-27. The provisions of this code are not intended to prevent the installation of any material or to prohibit any design or method of construction not specifically prescribed by this code. In accordance with the International Building Code® (IBC®) Section 104. design and methods of construction and equipment.6587 (x42237) es@icc-es. approved ICC-ES Evaluation Reports facilitate acceptance of new technologies in the marketplace. a subsidiary of the International Code Council.11.icc-es. Establishing a baseline against which innovative products can be objectively measured.org 104.800. The Trusted Marks of Conformity! #1000 Subsidiary of ICC 11-05409 . Visit us at World of Concrete.THE SOLUTION FOR INNOVATIVE BUILDING PRODUCTS ICC EVALUATION SERVICE ICC Evaluation Service (ICC-ES).11 Alternative materials. Las Vegas Contact us today for more information: 1. provided that any such alternative has been approved. has been the industry leader in performing technical evaluations for code compliance for more than 80 years. ICCES Acceptance Criteria (AC) provide technical guidance when evaluating innovative products resulting in ICC-ES Evaluation Reports.
29. David Alexander. including Mies van der Rohe’s IBM Plaza (left) and the Wrigley Building (right). to establish visual continuity with its surroundings 30 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international . viewed from the roof of Aqua. The structure features setbacks (at Levels 16. and 51) corresponding to the top elevations of prominent neighboring buildings. and Patrick O’Brien Trump International Hotel & Tower.PerformanceBased Requirements in Practice A case study on the concrete specification for Chicago’s Trump International Hotel & Tower by Dane Rankin.
” the article was authored by Nicholas J.000 psi (69 MPa) •• Drilled concrete. Speciﬁed by SOM.8 m) and its spire tops out at 1388 ft (423.2 m).4 The outriggers are massive.000 yd3 (138. and it took 20 minutes for the material to travel from the pump to the discharge point.000 psi SCC. Sears) Tower was completed in 1975 (photo courtesy of McHugh Construction) shaft piers required 10.2 Titled “Performance-Based Requirements for Concrete. the height of the tower (including spire) measured 1388 ft (423. Chair. At 100 floors.000 tons (23. Carino and was published in the June 2011 issue of CI.000 ft2 (3700 m2) floors at the base levels and 3 days/floor on the 15. technical challenges had to be met. IL.3 m] deep) that extend from the flanges of the core walls to the exterior columns at three of the tower’s doubleheight mechanical floors.000 ft2 (1400 m2) floors at the upper levels. between Wabash Avenue and Rush Street in Chicago. the structure was built on cycle times of 5 days/floor on the 40. Chicago.5 ft [5. Designed by Skidmore. and Concrete Producer provide their unique insights regarding delivering the project using PB criteria. Owings & Merrill LLP (SOM). and placed by McHugh Construction (McHugh). C Fig.ompleted in 2009.” which was prepared by ACI Innovation Task Group (ITG) 8. •• Mat foundation required 10.1 The second article summarized the content of “Report on Performance-Based Requirements for Concrete (ITG-8R-10).000 psi (110 MPa) self-consolidating concrete (SCC) mixture had to be pumped at least 650 ft (198 m) vertically and 50 ft (15 m) laterally. the Trump International Hotel & Tower (Trump Tower) is located on the north side of the Chicago River. The slickline contained more than 14 yd3 (11 m3) of concrete. From the base to the top of the tower.S. as the: This is the third in a series of three articles dealing with performance-based (PB) requirements for concrete. flag celebrates topping out of the Trump Tower. Following a brief overview of the project. Performance Criteria for Ready Mixed Concrete Foreword Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 31 . making it the tallest building constructed in North America since the Willis (formerly. the Trump Tower was the tallest concrete building in the world when topped out in 2008. Placement of the highest floor required that concrete had to travel from a pump through 2000 linear ft (600 m) of slickline to a placing boom on the wall forms. it’s the tallest building completed in North America since the completion of SOM’s iconic Willis (formerly.” the article was authored by me and published in the May 2011 issue of CI. Constructing the outriggers required that a 16. [1. —Mark Chrzanowski. the Engineer. Completed in 2009. Estimated to contain about 180.000 m3) of concrete and 25. the Trump Tower’s high-performance concrete mixtures pushed the state of the art and science of concrete materials. A variety of concrete mixtures was used. ACI Committee 329. Sears) Tower in 1975.000 tonnes) of mild steel reinforcement. Contractor.3 This concluding article in the series discusses how PB requirements were the logical solution for delivering the Trump International Hotel & Tower in Chicago.7 m] wide and 17. designed by Prairie Material (Prairie).2 m). heavily reinforced concrete wall-beams (up to 66 in. Titled “Performance-Based Requirements for Concrete 101. The first article provided an introduction to this hot topic within the concrete industry. The structural system features concrete outriggers that connect the building’s core walls to the perimeter columns of the tower. The building’s concrete structure (Fig. 1) rises to a height of 1161 ft (353. 1: A concrete bucket decorated with the U.
the tower’s lateral force. an entirely reinforced concrete structural during hydration. using conveyors of up to 50 ft (15 m) in length to deliver the concrete from mixing trucks to the mat. 2: Structural members such as this outrigger beam were heavily reinforced to mixtures to ensure that the concrete provide the strength and stiffness required for the tower’s lateral force-resisting system.000 psi Requirements (69 MPa) SCC mixture was used. Deep outrigger elements at the mechaniFloor decks required 5000 psi (35 MPa) concrete. and increasing the building’s lateral stiffness and resistance with each member willing to approach challenges with to overturning due to wind. and (460 to 1220 mm). team of individuals with high levels of skill and knowledge. including transfer girders at the lowest building acceptable level of risk for the team and project while setback (Level 16) that allow for a column-free space at the defining success as meeting or exceeding the Owner’s goals. the peak temperature measured within structural system allows for optimal floor-to-floor the insulated mat (about 3 days after placement) was heights using flat-plate gravity framing (9 in.000 psi (55 •• Columns to 83 MPa) concrete. Because of the large The Engineer’s view mass of the mat. The concrete specification for the core walls and columns in the lower half of the building required 12.000 psi (110 MPa) strength to resist the tremendous forces demanded of these critical elements. the specification limited the concrete to In the early design phases. a 10. cal levels tie the concrete core to perimeter columns. flowed into the highly congested Concrete mixtures had to flow through such congestion regardless if the ambient temperature was −5 or 95°F (−21 or 35°C) (photo courtesy of McHugh Construction) zones of the outrigger elements 32 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international . of high-performance characteristics that affected the Contractor’s design of the mat foundation concrete. and the maximum temperature thick slabs) for the residential and hotel portions of differential was only 28°F (16°C). The enormous weight of the reinforced concrete Concrete Contractor (McHugh) and Concrete Supplier tower is supported by drilled shaft piers capped by a 10 ft (3 m) deep mat foundation. To Perspectives on Performance-Based allow for ease of placement and finishing. it was likely the single-largest continuous placement of SCC in history. The mat foundation placement occurred over one continuous 22-hour period. a maximum temperature of 80°F (27°C) at the point of placement. The central reinforced concrete core includes two C-shaped and four I-shaped walls ranging in thickness from 18 to 48 in.and core walls required 8000 to 12. The concrete specification for the outrigger elements required 16. Although effective and provided desirable damping behavior the mat placement occurred on a warm day in late and high stiffness.000 psi (83 to •• Outriggers 110 MPa) SCC with an elastic modulus of 6500 ksi (45 •• As indicated in the overview. various structural systems and material types were considered for the Trump Tower.000 psi (83 MPa) strength at 90 days. GPa).000 to 16. building’s 10 parking levels. and a maximum temperature system was selected because it was the most cost differential within the mat of 40°F (22°C). [230 mm] only 155°F (69°C). The reinforced concrete building September 2005. The collaboration of the Structural Engineer (SOM). In addition to resisting wind. a maximum temperature of 170°F (77°C) Ultimately.resisting system comprises a core and outrigger system. thus The demands of this project required assembling a engaging the perimeter columns in the building footprint. team-focused solutions. required 12. the building. SOM specified a number (Prairie) undoubtedly added to the success of the project. The complexity of the project also some outriggers serve as transfer girders at façade setback required that the collective understood how to maintain an levels. The Contractor and Concrete Supplier developed SCC Fig. Nearly 600 truckloads of concrete were required to deliver the 5000 yd3 (3800 m3) of concrete needed for the mat—at the time.
The high-strength. and an independent consultant hired by Prairie (CTLGroup). set times. PB requirements vary among the involved stakeholders. and finishability. Contractors spend considerably less Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 33 . but they are particularly concerned with how the concrete acts in its plastic state and early in the curing process—they think in terms of ability to pump and place the mixture. the Owner’s testing agency (STS Consultants). The innovative specification for the modulus was made possible by a collaborative testing program involving Prairie. they developed mixtures with high slag cement.(Fig. placement rates. and placement of high-performance concrete mixtures. In addition. and silica fume contents (as well as portland cement) to meet the strength requirements and limit the heat of hydration in these large placements. The testing program was undertaken prior to construction to establish a correlation between modulus values determined using dynamic and static test methods. 2). The Contractor’s view In any project. flowability (within congested members). Contractors want the concrete to meet all specified requirements. the primary focus of PB requirements is on the performance of the concrete before it hardens. an important design consideration was limiting the occupants’ perception to motion during high-wind events. This consideration impacted the specification and design of the concrete mixtures for the project. To a Concrete Contractor. Because the Trump Tower is a very tall residential building. allowing STS Consultants to use dynamic tests of standard concrete cylinders for acceptance. design. so the mixture specifications called for minimum modulus of elasticity as well as strength. The successful completion of the Trump Tower can largely be attributed to the selection of reinforced concrete as the primary structural material as well as the specification. fly ash. Member stiffness is a key parameter affecting building accelerations and the resulting perceptions of motion. other factors of concern include early strength gain (for stripping or stressing) and compressive strength as an acceptance criterion. In addition to tolerances on cast elements. high-modulus concrete effectively controls building accelerations without supplemental damping measures or large column sizes within the residential units.
3). On the Trump Tower. Strict temperature restrictions were specified for the fresh and hardening concrete and a high modulus of elasticity was specified for the hardened concrete at 90 days. but at the same time PB specification should provide the contractor and concrete producer the flexibility to determine the mixture ingredients and proportions needed to actually build the project. Even before plans for Trump Tower had been finalized. Such specifications typically define the requirements for hardened concrete. the designers at Prairie had formulated and tested a series of new high-performance mixtures. When the prescriptive requirements could have resulted in changes to forming systems and construction sequencing that would affect the project budget.5 in. They also address mixture design issues without regard to constructibility or acknowledgment of advances in the technologies of concrete placing and forming systems. PB requirements for concrete give the Contractor and Concrete Producer the flexibility to find the most costeffective ways of achieving the Owner’s desired end result. core walls. The delivered SCC was able to flow up to 40 ft (12 m) with no vibration (photo courtesy of Jack Gibbons) The Concrete Producer’s view For more than 2 decades.000 psi (69 MPa) SCC at a rate of 250 yd3/h (190 m3/h). During the design phase. and as plans for the Trump Tower proceeded. the ingredients and proportions of the mixtures were left in Prairie’s hands. admixture dosages.000 psi (110 MPa) SCC in heavily congested outriggers (Fig. Placing 10. •• Fig. Overly prescriptive specifications interfere with the Contractor’s ability to construct projects that are cost effective. modulus of elasticity. success 34 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international . 3: The mat foundation required a continuous 5000 yd3 (3800 m3) placement of 10. Prairie’s collaboration with SOM on mixture design was a dynamic process. The program included extensive cooperation and flexibility from McHugh. PB concrete specifications can and should allow the Specifier to define parameters affecting code compliance and architectural requirements. the team worked together to modify requirements to meet the project goals. Preplanning and development of trial mixtures began nearly 2 years prior to the start of concrete construction. mixture design proportions. The listed requirements were met by Prairie. the concrete challenges that McHugh had to overcome (with the help of the other stakeholders) included: Providing 10. and built within very tight constraints on schedule. complying with strict temperature restrictions while meeting modulus of elasticity requirements (Fig. and stripping of the formwork the next morning. and Meeting all of the preceding requirements. and other potentially prescriptive requirements. Currently. Pumping normal (non-SCC) mixtures through up to 2000 linear ft (600 m) of slickline. ultimately to be delivered with a minimum slump of 6. the laboratory team at Prairie has specialized in the creation of high-strength mixtures to support the complex demands of high-rise construction. Placing floor decks that could support foot traffic (with no imprints) in 3 to 4 hours. Placing concrete for columns and core walls that would achieve 2000 psi (14 MPa) in 12 hours. In simple terms. of high quality. (165 mm) at the placing boom and then successfully placed and finished. working on the project on a PB contract that allowed the Producer the flexibility to create and modify mixtures.000 yd3 (7650 m3) of 16.m. allowing placement at 6:00 p. 4). and decks of the new tower. outriggers. Prairie’s findings were immediately applied to the construction of the immense mat.000 psi (69 MPa) SCC for a mat foundation (5000 yd3 [3800 m3] placed at a rate of 250 yd3/h [190 m3/h]). sand and aggregate sources. cement or fly ash types. These results were shared with SOM. most concrete specifications are prescriptive in nature. and SOM that resulted in mixtures that met the intent of the prescriptive requirements of the specification. •• •• •• •• •• Although the specifications for the Trump Tower were prescriptive in some respects. Prairie.time (if any) thinking about concrete temperature. regardless of ambient weather conditions ranging from −5 to 95°F (−21 to 35°C). but all too often they also provide prescriptive requirements that affect means and methods. the specifications should define the desired end results and let the Concrete Contractor and Producer figure out how to achieve them.
Prairie did a round-robin evaluation of testing labs. fabricating. however. Mixtures met precise temperature controls. leaving the Prairie team free to design and deliver mixtures that were tuned to the project’s varied demands. m yc rs info ip rsh be em m downloads. This publication presents the best accepted current field practices in placing reinforcing bars. There was no request for a detailed mixture design until Prairie submitted the performance results. McHugh needed to strike the column forms at a certain time each morning. SOM would review proportions while maintaining confidentiality to protect the 20 proprietary mixtures developed for the project. March. SCC mixtures allowed the concrete to be placed. It is known as the resource for preparing provisions in project specifications. Meeting SOM’s rigorous design specifications was not enough. As the building construction progressed and conditions changed. Prairie continued to refine mixtures as needed to meet McHugh’s emerging requirements. The 10th edition provides the necessary information needed for common reinforced concrete structural members such as columns. Prairie produced high-strength. Without a doubt. McHugh had outlined an aggressive construction schedule with detailed requirements for constructibility. From technical publications and design aids to educational seminars and membership functions. or July. professional trade association representing every aspect of the reinforcing steel industry. high-modulus mixtures with strict consistency between loads. even in the most congested structural elements (photo courtesy of McHugh Construction) The 28th edition of the Manual of Standard Practice contains information on recommended industry practices for estimating. NEW EDITION The Concrete Reinforcing Steel Institute is an established. SCC mixtures were specially Reinforcing Bars: Anchorages and Splices contains complete information on development and splicing of reinforcing bars. all parties were dedicated to the concept of PB criteria for concrete. pile caps. footings.crsi. Over the 2-year span of the project. both at the time of placement and throughout the initial curing period. and placing reinforcing steel for reinforced concrete construction. During the initial phases of the project. At that time.tore at Visit the new CRSI Webs EE FR for rg i. Based on these findings. with 3 to 4 hours setting time. To assure continuous communication between Prairie and SOM. www. whether work was taking place in December. 4: High-strength concrete has little value if it can’t get into the form. Industry Standards NOW ON for Reinforced Concrete CD-ROM! Fig.org or 1-847-517-1200 Regional offices nationwide. beams. Prairie chose CTLGroup to provide independent verification of its test results and provide SOM with added confidence in the soundness of each mixture design.o ww w. retaining walls. CRSI offers a complete network of industry information and support for all its members. stakeholder meetings were held at least every 3 weeks. to assure overall success. Your Complete Source depended on SOM’s willingness to specify the concrete’s performance criteria while leaving it to Prairie’s mixture designers to determine the ingredients. s! ase rch pu ns tio and publica A Definitive Resource CRSI’s unique and popular Placing Reinforcing Bars is now available in its 9th Edition. In addition. 35 Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 . Fortunately. It is written for apprentices. detailing. regardless of weather conditions. and floor systems. journeymen ironworkers and inspectors. The “Must Have” Design Resource The CRSI Design Handbook has been the reference book for cast-in-place reinforced concrete design since 1952. the schedule and technical requirements set for Trump Tower exceeded those for any previous project.
via www. (710 mm). Learn more about PB requirements for concrete by reading the references or by visiting the Web site for ACI Committee 329. and Michigan. Performance Criteria for Ready Mixed Concrete. Indiana. •• •• •• •• •• •• Dane Rankin is an Associate Director and Project Engineer at SOM and served as Project Structural Engineer on the Trump International Hotel & Tower. 2010. Carino. Selected for reader interest by the editors. Constant cooperation among the Engineer. the quicker potential benefits of PB requirements will present themselves. and quantitative language that allows evaluation of the performance of the concrete. manufacturing. 6.” Concrete International.F. Stakeholders must come together as a team. Robust testing protocols tailored to meet the critical issues of each stakeholder are needed. May 2011. The fresh and hardened properties must be defined in clear. The beauty of PB requirements for concrete is that they can be scaled to down to serve any size and complexity of project. 3. 33. and The construction team must jointly develop concrete mixtures and construction techniques that will lead to a final product that achieves the project’s performance requirements. and high-tech industries. Contractor. 5. “Trump International Hotel and Tower. He is a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers and the Structural Engineers Association of Illinois. 2. V.Chapter 1. The Trump Tower project is an extreme project in terms of size and complexity. “Report on PerformanceBased Requirements for Concrete (ITG-8R-10). 7. 47-51. from the very onset of the development of the design mixtures. M.”2 identifies factors that will increase the probability of success when delivering a concrete project using PB requirements. Contractor.. within a climate of trust and respect. The Contractor identifies performance requirements of the fresh concrete. References 1. Farmington Hills. Open and frequent communication among stakeholders must be at the very foundation of this culture. 36 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international .org. and Concrete Producer) on the Trump Tower. “Performance-Based Requirements for Concrete 101. pp. pp. allowing the concrete to flow laterally as much as 50 ft (15 m) from the point of placement. —Mark Chrzanowski Patrick O’Brien is a Technical Writer with more than 20 years of experience in construction. Although not for every project. and Concrete Producer created a level of teamwork that remains a model of constructibility in practice. N. with the goals of ensuring success in terms of project outcome and limiting risk for individual stakeholders and the project. unambiguous.3 of “Report on Performance-Based Requirements for Concrete (ITG-8R-10). Performance Criteria for Ready Mixed Concrete.” American Concrete Institute. “Performance-Based Requirements for Concrete. PB specification of concrete is an alternative to current prescriptive requirements. No. the earlier the channels of communication are opened.” Concrete International. in the field during construction. Chrzanowski.. Baker.” Concrete International. 33. June 2011. ACI member David Alexander is a Senior Vice President at McHugh Construction. ACI Innovation Task Group 8. pp. 28.. Wisconsin. July 2006. He is a member of ACI Committee 329. No. 46 pp.concrete. and during acceptance testing. V. Over the past 7 years. Some of these factors are common to the perspectives of the three project stakeholders (Engineer. W. including: The Specifier describes characteristics that define the desired end result for the hardened concrete. Endnote formulated to achieve spreads of up to 28 in. No. MI. et al. V. He received his MS in civil engineering from Purdue University. he has served as Editorial Consultant for Prairie Material and its afﬁliates in Illinois.J. 28-32. 49-52. PB requirements for concrete can be a viable option when it makes sense for the project and when the project stakeholders work as a team to find valuable and innovative solutions to satisfy clients’ needs. 4.
Register and book your hotel room at www. 2012. All committee meetings. and exhibits will be held at the Hyatt Regency Dallas. please visit https://resweb. ﬁrst-served and based on availability.Art of Concrete ACI Spring 2012 Convention March 18-22 Hyatt Regency Dallas Registration for the ACI Spring 2012 Convention is now open. Occupancy Single/Double Triple Quadruple Rate $175 + 13% tax $200 + 13% tax $225 + 13% tax Reservation cutoff is February 16. 2012. Registration Type Member full-week Nonmember full-week Member 1-day Nonmember 1-day Student Guest Through 2/19/12 $399 $525 $205 $280 $10 $99 After 2/19/12 $493 $620 $290 $365 $10 $99 Scan code to register now! The Hyatt Regency Dallas is the ofﬁcial hotel of the ACI Convention. and receive the reduced registration rate! Online registration closes on March 5.aciconvention. 2012.org . sessions.com/go/aci2012. Register before February 19. To reserve your sleeping room at the Hyatt Regency Dallas.passkey. The convention rate is ﬁrst-come.
Tony C. Liu. The columns with four or ﬁve interlocking spirals (Specimens G and H) had better ductility than the other columns. The efficiency of the conﬁnement generally depends on the shape and spacing of the conﬁnement steel. The energy ratios (E80 /E80(a)) of the tested specimens with respect to the benchmark (Specimen A. respectively.0. concrete conﬁnement. 1(g) and (h). ductility. Test results clearly veriﬁed that columns with interlocking multi-spiral conﬁnement design exhibit higher compressive strength and ductility when compared to columns with conventional rectilinear hoop design. 6240.1-3 Spirals are usually used in circular columns. and support to longitudinal bars.21 N·mm/mm3. concrete columns display signiﬁcant improvement in ductility and. full-scale reinforced concrete columns were tested under axial compressive loading. as well as different types of multi-spirals and combinations of spirals and ties. deﬁned as the area below the stress-strain curve up to the strain value corresponding to 0.26 to 6. Shamim A. The stress-strain responses of concrete columns under axial compressive loading are shown in Fig. The strain energies of the test specimens with different conﬁnement details ranged from 0.6. A 6000 tonnes (6600 tons) hydraulic ram was used to apply the axial compressive force at a constant strain rate of 25 µe/s.) high. and Raymond Wang ateral reinforcement in columns is used to provide shear strength. Table 1 lists the results of the Phase I tests. This development involved testing and evaluation of a large number of full-scale reinforced concrete columns in axial compression and lateral cyclic loadings. L Experimental Program Phase I tests In Phase I of the experimental program. 3.600 psi). in some cases. with or without cross ties. Furthermore. . additional strength. and the ratio of f ′ cc to f ′ c ranged from 1. whereas rectilinear hoops. as shown in Fig. and the column with welded wire grid (Specimen C) had the lowest strength and strain energy capacity. Peak strength f ′ cc is deﬁned as Pc /Ag. The tensile strength of both transverse and longitudinal reinforcement was 280 MPa (40.Interlocking Spiral Confinement for Rectangular Columns An innovative design for strength.8f ′ cc . f ′cc was greater than the corresponding unconﬁned concrete compressive strengths. 38 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international All the specimens in this phase were 600 mm (24 in. an innovative interlocking multi-spiral conﬁnement design for rectangular concrete columns was developed by Yin and others. 1.37. total load minus load carried by steel) and Ag is the gross area of the concrete section. where Pc is the load carried by concrete (that is. The nominal compressive strength of concrete at 28 days was 35 MPa (5000 psi). For all tested columns. with conﬁnement Type (a)) ranged from 0. and 37. and 5450 psi). The test results show that multi-spiral designs can provide signiﬁcant contributions to concrete conﬁnement.6 MPa (5160. As a result of conﬁnement. Tzu-Liang Wu. Figure 2 shows the test setup for the axial compression tests. Table 1 also provides strain energy E80. These included typical rectilinear lateral steel hoops arrangements. construction of hoops is more labor intensive.05 to 1. and economy by Samuel Yen-Liang Yin. are generally used in rectangular columns.04 to 1. 43.4 typical examples of which are shown in Fig.68. It has been recognized that rectilinear hoops are less effective for concrete conﬁnement compared with circular spirals because of the uneven distribution of the lateral conﬁning stress. Recently. The unconﬁned compressive strengths ( f ′ c) of the concrete cylinders for the three groups of specimens were 35. enhancing strength and ductility of the columns. Sheikh. Ten specimens with different steel conﬁgurations were designed to study conﬁnement in square columns.) square and 1200 mm (48 in. which leads to higher construction costs.
04 1.0 37.00 0.6 35. using the test setup shown in Fig. MPa 54. a combination of four spirals (Type 4S).89 f′ cc 0.6 43. Sixteen No. (i) spiral plus cross ties. MPa 35. a combination of ﬁve spirals (Type 5S). 1: Confinement configuration details of the Phase I tests: (a) conventional. (b) single bar.5 59.0 43.6 35.7 63.7 mm2) longitudinal bars with a yield strength of 412 MPa were used for all specimens Most of the test specimens with spiral conﬁnement assemblies exhibited higher compressive strength and energy capacity than the specimens with rectilinear conﬁnement. Four conﬁnement designs were tested.2 50.6 f′ cc .8 f ′ cc 1 MPa = 145 psi Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 39 . Phase II tests In Phase II.6 35.35 E80.7 MPa (10.47 2.40 1.(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) Fig.55 E80/ E80(a) 1. (c) welded wire grid.21 2.14 0.1 37. Table 2 lists the design details of the 18 specimens tested in Phase II.9 53.74 0. and (j) spiral plus four ears. Among them. All specimens were 600 mm (24 in.6 37. f ′ c was 34.4 MPa (5000 psi) in all columns except T2. 4S2.10 5.0 41. In Phase II.6 f′ cc / f ′ c 1.11 0.17 1. test specimens were subjected to axial compressive loads only.37 4.68 1.) square in cross section and 1200 mm (48 in.7 MPa (39. 5S2. (h) five spiral.25 1. and a combination of a spiral and cross ties (Type ST). 8 (area = 506.26 0.) long.04 1. (g) four spiral.4 64. (f) twin elliptical.52 1.21 0.51 1. including the traditional hoop design (Type T).58 3. (e) twin hexagonal.2 42. (d) three welded hoops.18 1. and ST2.2 57.53 1.000 psi).47 6.6 37. in which f ′ c was 68.66 0. 1) (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) Strength Strain Energy Specimen A B C D E F G H I J f′ c. 2. Conﬁnement steel fyt was 274. the multi-spiral designs (Specimens G and H) and a design with a spiral and cross ties (Specimen I) exhibited better conﬁnement effectiveness and therefore were selected for further investigations.800 psi) in the columns made with Table 1: Details of specimens in Phase I Confinement (refer to Fig. N·mm/mm3 0.0 43.05 0.38 1.19 0.80 0.
A comparison of the behavior of different columns in these ﬁgures shows that the conﬁned concrete response can be improved with closer spiral pitches and higher volumetric ratios of conﬁnement steel.01 (j) (a) (a) (g) (h) (i) (j) 600x600 mm Test specimen 1200 mm (g) (h) (i) * * Bearing plate * ± 20 mm LVDT mounted on 600 mm long adjustable link 0.000 psi) concrete.04 Fig.03 0. 4(b)). Figures 5(b) to (d) show the stress-strain relationships for the other three conﬁnement designs. 4(a). Sixteen No.03 0. 3: Stress-strain response of concrete columns in the Phase I test program.700 psi) in the columns made with 68.01 0.04 in.5 Figure 5(a) shows the monotonic compression stress-strain relationships for specimens with traditional hoop design.2]) longitudinal bars with a yield strength of 412 MPa (59.02 Strain 0. Finally. It can also be seen that a more brittle response of Strong frame higher-strength concrete can be compensated by higherstrength lateral steel. the fracture of the spiral reinforcement.01 0.700 psi) were used for all specimens.7 MPa (10.3 mm2 [0. Phase III tests Figure 6 shows the test setup for the Phase III tests. The fracture of the spiral conﬁnement was caused by the large lateral dilation of the concrete and the bearing of the buckled reinforcement against the spirals.7 mm2 [0. The conﬁnement designs used for the three column specimens were a traditional hoop 80 Concrete stress. using different confinement arrangements (1 MPa = 145 psi) 40 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international . The spacing (pitch) of the conﬁnement reinforcement ranged from 45 to 100 mm (1. the results demonstrate that the multi-spiral conﬁnement designs perform much better than the traditional lateral reinforcement detail consisting of hoops and cross ties. MPa 60 40 20 0 (a) 80 (f) (c) (d) (b) (a) (b) (c) (d) (a) 0 0. The conﬁnement reinforcing bar sizes varied from No. 2: Experimental setup for axial compression tests conducted in Phases I and II (1 mm = 0.. in which specimens were subjected to combined axial load and lateral cyclic excursions.3 in.04 (a) (e) (f) 60 40 20 (a) 6000 tonnes hydraulic ram (e) 0 (b) 0 0.02 Strain 0. 8 (area = 506.8 in. This is similar to the failure reported by earlier investigators. MPa Loading plate 80 60 40 20 0 (c) 0 0.102 tons) Fig.2]).04 Concrete stress. MPa 34.02 Strain 0.7 to 3. 3 (area = 71.1 in. lateral dilation of concrete resulted in the failure of cross ties at the 90-degree bends of the hoops (refer to Fig.Concrete stress. 5 (area = 198.6 mm2 [0.4 MPa (5000 psi) concrete and 412 MPa (59.9 in. 1 tonne = 1. followed by buckling of the longitudinal bars. can be seen in Fig. For specimens with multi-spiral conﬁnement design.).03 0.2]) to No. For traditional hoop design. Figure 4 shows the typical failure modes of the specimens with multi-spiral design and traditional hoop design.
6.4 2.75 — ST5 34.25 — One 520 mm diameter spiral plus cross ties ST6 34.0 412.7 2.4 68.7 274.0 274. 1 mm = 0.63 1.4 68.01 1.90 2.7 274. MPa 34.4.65 1.Table 2: Details of specimens tested in Phase II Concrete Confinement reinforcement Specimen T1 f′ c .4 60 50 Spiral Ties Spiral Ties Spiral Ties Spiral Ties Spiral Ties Spiral Ties 2. % 2.7 65 75 50 50 65 100 50 75 70 4 4 4 5 5 4 4 4 5 4 4 3 60 0 95 5 75 5 45 5 55 5 80 0 4 3 5 5 5 4 5 3 5 3 5 3 412.64 One 420 mm diameter spiral plus four 210 mm diameter spirals 5S4 5S5 ST1 34.4 34.4 2.55 1.4 34.0 274.7 274.4 1 MPa = 145 psi.7 274.7 412. 4 f yt .64 1.4 34. Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 41 .7 274.04 in.09 — ST3 34.06 — ST4 34.4 34.7 274.19 Four 360 mm diameter spirals 5S3 34. Sections 10.26 1.4 Pitch.54 2.7 ρ*.64 1.7 274.4 2.7 274.7 274.0 274.20 ρ*(req ) .3 and 21.07 4.64 — ST2 68.7 34.7 274.63 1.7 34.76 3.05 3.7 274.7 2.63 2.7 412.4 1.7 2.4 34. MPa 274.7 412.55 — ρ* is volumetric ratio of conﬁnement reinforcement to gross area of concrete section of specimen ρ* (req) is minimum volumetric ratio of conﬁnement reinforcement as required by ACI 318-08.24 1.9.63 1. mm 85 Bar size no.4 70 274.7 274.0 274.7 274.20 1.64 2. % 2.74 3.17 1.7 274.26 Shape T2 4S1 4S2 4S3 4S4 4S5 5S1 5S2 68.
03 Concrete stress. All specimens were 600 mm (24 in. (b) combination of four spirals (Type 4S).01 Strain 0. 42 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international .01 Strain 0. Figure 7 shows the lateral force versus displacement hysteresis loops of the three specimens tested under lateral cyclic loading while subjected to constant axial load.03 0.02 0.5 m (8. 4: Typical failure modes of compression test specimens: (a) multi-spiral design.02 T1 T2 Concrete stress. Table 3 lists the design details of the Phase III specimens.20 1 MPa = 145 psi. MPa 274. Specimen CT C4S C5S MPa 34.03 Fig.) square and 2. mm 13 13 13 f yt . MPa 0. and (d) combination of spiral and cross ties (Type ST) (1 MPa = 145 psi) Table 3: Details of specimens tested in Phase III f′ c.2 ft) long.7 274. The conﬁnement layout for Specimen CT was the same as that of Specimen T1 (refer to Table 2).4 34. MPa 80 80 60 40 20 0 (b) 0 4S1 4S2 4S3 4S4 4S5 (a) Concrete stress.04 in. Specimens C4S and C5S had multi-spiral conﬁnement designs and were similar to Specimens 4S1 and 5S4.4 34.03 80 60 40 20 0 0 5S1 5S2 5S3 5S4 5S5 80 60 40 20 0 (d) 0 ST1 ST2 ST3 ST4 ST5 ST6 (c) 0.(a) (b) Fig.7 Pitch.20 2. mm 85 75 60 ρs . A constant axial force of 126 tonnes (139 tons) (about 0.1f ′ c Ag) was applied at the top of the specimens using a hydraulic ram.02 0.05 2.01 Strain 0.7 274. % 2. 1 mm = 0. Concrete stress. 8 bars Confinement reinforcement Design CT 4S 5S Size.01 Strain 0. (c) combination of five spirals (Type 5S). MPa 0.02 0.4 Longitudinal reinforcement parameters fy = 412 MPa 16 No. 5: Effect of amount of lateral reinforcement and spacing on concrete response evaluated in Phase II tests: (a) traditional hoop design (Type T). and (b) traditional hoop design design as the benchmark (Type CT) and two multi-spiral designs denoted as Types S4 and S5. MPa 60 40 20 0 0 0.
the longitudinal bars will be extended using mechanical splices and another spiral assembly will be installed Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 43 . (10-5) and (21-3) of ACI 318-08. 1 mm = 0. The reduced spiral pitch has only a minor effect on column behavior. and C5S (1 kN = 0. The volumetric spiral reinforcement ratio (ρs) required for a multi-spiral design should be determined according to Eq. After the column and the next floor level are completed.Specimen C5S exhibited the highest strength and ductility among the three columns.12 (ACI 318-08 Eq. 8: An interlocking spiral assembly is lowered over the longitudinal bars in a cast-in-place building column. (10-5)) ρs ≥ 0. the proposed design approach for multi-spiral shear reinforcement for columns is consistent with ACI 318-086 code requirements for axial strength and volumetric spiral reinforcement requirements. Although Specimens CT and C5S have the same volumetric reinforcing ratio (2. Based on the experimental and (1 mm = 0. (21-3)) Fig. as well as practical design and construction experience.04 in. whereas Specimen CT exhibited the lowest strength and ductility.102 tons) analytical research.) Fig.2%).22 kip. 7: Force-displacement relations for Phase III test Specimens CT. the higher strength and ductility of Specimen C5S is due primarily to the multispiral conﬁguration.04 in. The response of Specimen C4S was close to that of Specimen C5S. 6: Experimental setup of the lateral cyclic loading tests for Phase III studies (ACI 318-08 Eq. C4S. 1 tonne = 1. ρs ≥ Ag Ach f c′ f yt − f c′ f yt Proposed Design Approach Fig.
The labor and time required for installation will be reduced. the area Ach in Eq.9 7. and bridge piers in Taiwan. More importantly. resulting in lowered costs and shortened total construction time.60 14. 1 kg = 2. For the calculation of the required ρs. you can call toll-free to discuss each plan with a customer service representative: Call 1-800-424-9883. These programs are administered by Marsh Affinity Group Services. Economic Advantages The cost advantage of the interlocking multi-spiral conﬁnement is signiﬁcant. A typical installation sequence is illustrated in Fig. West Des Moines. Table 4 provides a cost evaluation of multi-spiral conﬁnement design for an 11-story apartment project in Taiwan. 1 mm = 0. tonnes 717 407 Material 14. NT$/kg Confinement type Conventional hoops Multi-spiral Total cost of confinement reinforcement NT$ × 106 12.24 % 100 59 1 MPa = 145 psi.60 Bending 0.6 f yt . the improvement of conﬁnement efficiency can greatly reduce the total amount of lateral steel.102 tons NT$ is New Taiwan Dollar For columns with interlocking multi-spirals. IA 50398. Each of these quality plans has been designed for ACI members like you. the volumetric spiral reinforcement ratio provided for each spiral should be calculated independently..2 lb. 44 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international . Programs available on: • Group Term Life Insurance Plan • Group 10-Year Level Term Life Insurance • Member Health Insurance • Group Catastrophe Major Medical Insurance Plan • Group High-Limit Accident Insurance Plan For costs and complete terms of coverage. 1 tonne = 1. the multi-spiral detail can be produced automatically in prefabrication plants. Plus. such as office and factory buildings. stadiums. 8. The volumetric spiral reinforcement ratio provided by each spiral should not be less than the ρs required by Eq. Concluding Remarks The innovative interlocking multi-spiral conﬁnement design offers an attractive and superior alternative to traditional hoop conﬁnement design for rectangular concrete columns. (10-5) is measured to the outside edges of the spirals as deﬁned in Section 2. competitively priced insurance plans to help protect them and their families. The economic advantages of interlocking multi-spiral conﬁnement should be even more pronounced in North America and other locations with higher unit labor costs.04 in. you can customize your insurance protection to best meet your family’s insurance needs at budget-conscious group rates. The multi-spiral design has been successfully used for many construction projects. First. shopping malls.00 1. (10-5).36 2.Table 4: Cost evaluation of multi-spiral design Unit price. high-rise residential buildings.76 Assembly of cage 3.1 of ACI 318-08 and Ag is the gross area of the concrete section. MPa 420 420 Weight. Laboratory tests and ﬁeld experience have clearly shown that multi-spiral conﬁnement design can provide effective conﬁnement with increased strength THE EDGE NEEDED tO SUCCEED Member Benefit ACI’s Group Insurance Plans Help protect your family’s financial future with ACI’s Group Insurance Plans ACI members may choose from several high-quality. showing that the cost of the total conﬁnement steel is reduced by 41% when the multi-spiral conﬁnement is used in place of conventional hoops.
A. S. and the Concrete Structure Committee of the Chinese Society of Structural Engineering.” Paper accepted for publication in Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers. Input from the committee members is gratefully acknowledged. pp.. 2780-2800. ACI Honorary Member Tony C.. The lower consumption of steel required for multi-spiral conﬁnement also offers an ecological advantage. He is a former Chair and member of Joint ACI-ASCE Committee 441. P. Yin. No. ACI member Samuel Yen-Liang Yin is the CEO and Chief R&D Ofﬁcer of Ruentex Group in Taiwan. V. He specializes in prefabrication construction technologies. including bridge pier and building systems. ASCE. J.” Journal of the Structural Division. including the development of the interlocking spiral design for concrete compression members. “Development of MultiSpiral Conﬁnements in Rectangular Columns.H. Dec. Oct. His research interests include structural applications of ﬁber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites. pp. “Theoretical StressStrain Model for Conﬁned Concrete.. ASCE. ASCE. Reinforced Concrete Columns. 106. and Chinese Society of Structural Engineering. Sheikh.and ductility and reduced cost. 1804-1826. 5.” Journal of Structural Engineering. He received his PhD in civil engineering from National Taiwan University. 5. He is the Past President of the Taiwan Concrete Institute and an Adjunct Professor of Civil Engineering at National Taiwan University. the multi-spiral conﬁnement design is also the most efficient layout in terms of automatic assembly.M. and Wang. Columns with Multi-Spiral Reinforcement.. He specializes in structural and precast building design.” Journal of the Structural Division... M... S.C. 116. and Joint ACI-ASCE Subcommittee 441-E. S.B. several engineering societies in Taiwan. Wang. ON.. He is a member of the Taiwan Concrete Institute. No. Furthermore. 1982. Chinese Institute of Civil and Hydraulic Engineering.Y.. Ltd. V.J. Priestley.L.. fast precast construction technology. 2. FACI. and Yeh.C. is a Professor of Civil Engineering at the University of Toronto.. and Joint ACI-ASCE Subcommittee 441-E. He is a PhD candidate in civil engineering at National Taiwan University. and expansive cement and its applications. “Tied Concrete Columns under Axial Load and Flexure. J. 1988. S. His research interests include earthquake resistance of concrete structures. 3.A.. Toronto. PerformanceBased Seismic Design of Concrete Buildings. ACI member Raymond Wang is a Senior R&D Manager at Ruentex Engineering & Construction Co. 2008. ASCE. precise planning of prefabrication construction methods. The research studies reported herein were funded by Ruentex Engineering & Construction Co. “Strength and Ductility of Tied Concrete Columns. of Taiwan. 1079-1102. He is a member of the Taiwan Concrete Institute. 8. S. and reinforcement bar automation. V. 6. and Uzumeri. Received and reviewed under Institute publication policies. He is currently Chair of Joint ACI-ASCE Subcommittee 441-E. and sustainable concrete technology. Aug. “Analytical Model for Concrete Conﬁnement in Tied Columns. Reinforced Concrete Columns. MI. 1990. Ltd. 2703-2722. Sheikh. He was awarded the Henry L. 108. Canada. and Park.M. ACI Committee 318. “Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-08) and Commentary. use of FRP in concrete structures. C.” Journal of the Structural Division. and a member of ACI Committee 374. Shamim A. 114. He holds more than 300 patents and was elected as a member of the Russian Academy of Engineering. Columns with Multi-Spiral Reinforcement. 10. 12. conﬁnement of concrete. Reinforced Concrete Columns. development of phase-change materials for building applications.. ” American Concrete Institute. No. He is a member of Joint ACI-ASCE Committee 441. pp.. Acknowledgments This article was prepared on behalf of Joint ACI-ASCE Committee 441.N. References 1. Ltd in Taiwan.A. pp. The reinforcement cages can be built quickly and economically and are very cost-effective for precast construction. Tzu-Liang Wu is a Vice President for R&D with Ruentex Engineering & Construction Co. Liu is a Visiting Professor and Director of the Sustainable Infrastructure Research Center at National Taiwan University. Farmington Hills. 2010. R. No. and Uzumeri. 4. May 1980. S. Sheikh. Columns with Multi-Spiral Reinforcement. Michel Award for Industry Advancement of Research by ASCE in 2010. Mander. Sheikh. V. He specializes in the integration of construction systems. Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 45 . 473 pp.
however. If the strengths are independent. conditions of obtaining samples.6. To expect core tests to be equal to fc´ is not realistic. but it is rather more conservative to also require that no single core strength is less than 0.4 provides acceptance criteria by evaluation of the core test results: Concrete in an area represented by core tests shall be considered structurally adequate if the average of three cores is equal to at least 85 percent of fc´ and if no single core is less than 75 percent of fc´.5. it is slightly conservative to deem the concrete acceptable if the average core strength equals or exceeds 0. In other words. 1951. In such cases.2 speciﬁes the required number of core test specimens: If the likelihood of low-strength concrete is conﬁrmed and calculations indicate that load-carrying capacity is signiﬁcantly reduced.6. if more than three core test results are available (rather than exactly three).75fc´. since differences in the size of specimens.1 Section 5. the probability that n core strengths exceed 0.Strength Compliance Evaluation with More than Three Core Specimens by F. The larger sample size has little consequence for acceptance based on the mean-strength criterion because the average of more than three specimens is expected to provide a better estimate of the true population mean (that is. To address this unnecessarily conservative criterion. do not permit equal values to be obtained. labeled P1. and 1963 editions of ACI 318 also permitted core testing.3(b). however. as the least value of more than three specimens from a given population is expected to be less than the least value of three specimens from the same population. The area beneath the curve to the left of 0. identically distributed normal random variables. it is not uncommon for more than three cores to be obtained 46 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international C from the area in question. there are no formal acceptance criteria for suspect concrete. Additional testing of cores extracted from locations represented by erratic core strength results shall be permitted. The larger sample size will impact the minimum-strength criterion. this article provides acceptance criteria for samples comprising more than three core tests.85fc´. 1956.3.5. It is reasonable to assume that core strengths are independent.4. and procedures for curing.75fc´.6.75fc´. in part: Core tests having an average of 85 percent of the speciﬁed strength are realistic. Michael Bartlett and John S. represents the probability that a single core strength fc will be less than 0. Section 5. During an investigation of low-strength concrete. Strength values are normalized to fc´. Lawler ore testing to assess strength compliance of in-place concrete with low standard cylinder strength test results is deﬁned in Chapter 5 of ACI 318-11. These criteria are essentially the same as those speciﬁed in ACI 318-71 and have a 40-year history of satisfactory performance. The probability that a single fc exceeds 0.75fc´ is therefore (1 – P1).5 states. Table 1 shows the probability that a sample of three Statistical Approach . three cores shall be taken for each strength test that falls below the values given in 5.6. Section 5. When the number of core test strengths exceeds three.5. Figure 1 shows the associated probability density function for a population of core strengths fc with mean µ and standard deviation σ. these criteria provide equivalent probabilities to the single-core strength criterion from ACI 318-11. While the 1947. they didn’t specify the number of cores to be obtained or the acceptance criteria to be applied when evaluating the resulting core strengths.75fc´ is (1 – P1)n. The commentary to Section 5. tests of cores drilled from the area in question in accordance with ASTM C42 shall be permitted. have a smaller standard deviation) than the average of exactly three specimens.6.
994 0. is set equal to the probability that the least value in the sample of n cores is less than k fc´ In this case.84σ = 0. In particular. where k is a number less than one. 2.75 fc´ Probability of passing for µ/fc´ = V 0. As µ increases or V reduces.682 0. that µ must be at least 0.6. so k fc´ = µ − 1.25 Fig.000 0. Similarly.622 0. To determine a suitable probability P2 corresponding to some new limit k fc´. This approach is sound. and Determine how many cores might be expected to have strengths less than 0.69fc´. In all cases presented. when there are more than three core test strengths in the sample size: Determine a suitable minimum strength.Table 1: Probability that no single core in a sample of three is less than 0. P2 for a sample of 12 cores with µ = 0. and P1 = 0.05 0. such that the probability of the least of three core strengths being less than 0. the suspect concrete would be deemed to have satisﬁed performance requirements equivalent to the existing minimum-strength compliance criterion if no single core in the sample of 12 specimens has a strength less than 0.75fc´.376 0.125)3/12 = 0.666 Core strength values are normalized to fc´ 1 – (1 – P1)3 = 1 – (1 – P2)n Rearranging P2 = 1 – (1 – P1)3/n (1) cores will pass the “no single core is less than 75 percent of fc´” criterion for various normalized mean strength values µ/fc´ and coefﬁcients of variation V. a single low value is more likely if the sample size is larger than three specimens. Table 1 shows that the probability that the minimum strength of three samples drawn from a population with µ = 0. It may seem counterintuitive that the acceptable minimum core strength decreases as the coefﬁcients of variation of the core strengths increase.10 0.05.5. the ﬁrst criterion.863 0. but may not work smoothly in practice because there is typically considerable scatter in the core test results.948 0.20 0.787 0. The k value is quite insensitive to the mean core strength: the curves shown correspond to the average k values for normalized mean strengths µ/fc´ between 0. The variation of k as functions of n and V is shown in Fig.125 is P2 = 1 – (1 – 0.778 0.85 and V = 0. but this is necessary to have the same probability of acceptance for the larger sample size.69fc´ (2) (1b) •• •• Approach 1 As previously stated. (1a) For example. Section 5. The probability that tests of populations with large coefﬁcients of variation will pass the acceptance criteria is relatively small: for example. These examples suggest two approaches for determining minimum core strength acceptance criteria equivalent to that outlined in ACI 318-11.25. is satisﬁed. this value of P2 is 1.0328 If the core strengths are normally distributed. where V = σ/µ.715 0.25 will exceed 0. k fc´.85fc´ − 1.418 0.596 1.95 and V = 0.84(0.2% chance that at least one of three specimens from a reasonably goodquality population (sampled from a consistent concrete with a mean strength above 0. 0.05 1.917 0.00 1. with µ/fc´ = 0.981 0. P1 represents the probability that a single core strength fc will be less than 0.90 0. For example. the probability that the sample will pass increases— but uncertainty about whether the criterion will be met is always present. σ = 0.75fc´ is the same as the probability of the least of n core strengths being less than k fc´.9fc´ and V = 0.85 0.651 0.85fc´.863 0.75fc´ is only 41.000 0.999 0.84σ below µ.85 and 1. the probability that the least value in the sample of three cores being less than 0.15 0.972 0. as shown in Table 1.75fc´ if the population quality is rather dubious (sampled from highly variable concrete with barely adequate average strength).4. there is a 31.481 0.95 1. 1: Normal probability density function of core strengths fc.087fc´.10 will fail the minimum-strength criterion.75fc´ if more than three cores are tested.087fc´) = 0.85fc´) with µ/fc´ = 0.85fc´.316 0.8%.512 1. there is a 5.75fc´. The assumption of normality is required twice: ﬁrst to Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 47 .000 0.508 0.6% chance that no specimens will be less than 0.
95 Fig. as functions of n and V (Approach 1) 1.201 + 0.75fc´. For the case described previously (where µ = 0.125. then the probability of y results being less than 0.75fc´ for three cores. y = 0) is pY (0) = 3! 0.271. again computed using Eq.75fc´ in a set of three cores. Thus. as shown in Table 1.75fc´ for V = 0. a sample size in the order of 10 will be necessary to deem the acceptance criterion to be satisﬁed if a single low value is .546 + 0. It is therefore appropriate to relax the acceptance criterion for the set of 12 core results.20 11 13 15 18 0.345 = 0.75fc´ for n cores is set equal to the probability of observing zero strengths less than 0.90 0.10 17 27 — — 0. the suspect concrete can be deemed adequate if zero or one strength in the set of 12 cores is less than 0.75fc´ for V = 0. a sample size of at least 16 is necessary to deem the acceptance criterion has been met if two strengths fall below 0.817.75fc´. Approach 2 To determine how many core test results might be expected to fall below 0. n = 3. n = 12. as shown in Table 1. Practically.75fc´ is P1.75fc´ is 0.75fc´ in 12 trials (P1 = 0. y = 0) is pY (0) = 12 ! 0 .345 (3c) (3) where n! = 1 × 2 × 3 × … … × n and 0! = 1. if µ/fc´ = 0.125 (1 − 0.75fc´ is 0. so the probability of two or fewer strengths in the sample of 12 being less than 0.75fc´ is pY (1) = 12 ! 0.201 (3b) So.75fc´ in three trials (P1 = 0.25 7 8 8 9 0. The probability that exactly two strengths in the set of 12 are less than 0. a sample size of at least nine is necessary to deem the acceptance criterion has been met if one strength is less than 0. For example. The probability of exactly one strength value in the set of 12 being less than 0.75fc´.85 0.75fc´ for a set of 12 cores sampled from this population. We deem the performance requirements equivalent to the existing minimum-strength acceptance criterion to be met if m or fewer core strengths in the sample of n cores are less than 0. Table 2 gives the minimum number of samples necessary to deem suspect concrete has met this equivalent acceptance criterion if one or two test results are less than 0.15 8 9 12 14 0.271 = 0.85fc´ and σ = 0.75 fc´ µ/fc´ 0. where kfc´ is the minimum strength.75fc´ for varying mean strengths and coefﬁcients of variation of the core strength population.Table 2: Minimum sample sizes for acceptance with one or two strength values below 0. the probability of having no values less than 0. (3).10 10 14 — — 0.75fc´.25 11 12 13 15 determine P1 and again to transform P2 to the corresponding acceptance limit kfc´.546. the probability of zero or one strength in the sample of 12 being less than 0.087fc´). the probability of zero strengths being less than 0.75fc´ for a set of three cores sampled from this population is more than three times greater than the probability of 48 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international So.90 and V = 0. This is an application of the binomial distribution2: if the probability of any single core strength being less than 0.75fc´ in a set of three cores sampled from this population. For the same mean and variance.15.15 13 16 21 27 0. 125 (1 0 125 0 ! (3 − 0)! (3a) The probability of zero strengths being less than 0. Thus. The minimum sample sizes reduce as V increases or µ/fc´ reduces: this reﬂects the increasing probability that the minimum-strength acceptance criteria will not be met.75fc´ in n trials is pY (y ) = n! (n − y ) P1 y (1 − P 1) y !( n − y)! having no values less than 0.00 Single value < 0.75fc´.125. the suspect concrete should be declared to have failed this acceptance test if two or more strengths in the set of 12 cores are less than 0.75fc´ if more than three cores are tested.20 7 8 9 10 Two values < 0. is 0. 125 (1 0 125 0 ! (1 2 − 0)! 0 . 2: Variation of k.75fc´.125) 1! (12 − 1) ! = 0. the probability of m strengths less than 0. which is greater than the probability of having no strengths less than 0. which is still less than the probability of having no strengths less than 0.
the in-place concrete represented by these core strengths should be accepted based on the equivalent minimum strength criterion. An Introduction to Mathematical σ is 567 psi (3. 2007.054) = 3915 + 567 (–1. so the equivalent minimum-strength criterion devised using Approach 1 is not met. The probability that zero or one results in 10 being less than 0. For P1 = 0. 1. one.1 7 (4) University of Western Ontario. and 4050 psi (30. His interests include concrete material performance and durability. 503 pp.75fc´. Repair.less than 0.1. the nonacceptance rate would be somewhat higher than it should be. “Building Code Requirements for Do these satisfy the strength acceptance criterion for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-11) and Commentary.317) = 0. 1.4 MPa]). and 562. He is a member of ACI where ∅(. Evaluation.0 MPa) and σ of 567 psi (3. The mean is just greater than 85% Statistics and its Applications. ASCE. is Professor of civil and environmental engineering.154 + 0. although it is readily developed using a spreadsheet that contains the cumulative binomial probability function.4 MPa) is quite markedly 3. is therefore P2 = 1 – (1 – P1)3/10 = 0.1 7 (1 0 1 (3d) 0 ! (3 − 0)! Similar applications of Eq.75 × 4500 = 3375 psi [23. so if a large number of 12 core sets were evaluated.75fc´.3. Constructed Facilities. 3375 − 3915 P1 = ∅ = ∅ ( −0 .3 MPa]). Lawler is a Senior Associate at Wiss. Approach 2 is also computationally more cumbersome.85 × 4500 = 3825 psi [26.3.4. No. µ is 3915 psi (27. Michael Bartlett. Using Approach 1. 2011.75fc´. that the least value in the sample of 10 cores is less than k fc´. Farmington Hills. Canada. “Survey of Practice to Determine Strength of In less than the acceptable minimum of 75% of fc´ for a set Situ Concrete from Core Tests.4. Prentice Hall.154 + 0.75fc´ is less than the probability of zero results in three being less than 0.. minimum strength of 2530 psi (17. V. is F.75fc´ is (0. of fc´ (0.” ACI member John S. Larsen. 2530. However.154. However. 3810. the probability of zero or one result being less than 0. NJ. 26. Thus. in Northbrook. Jan. and the probability of zero. M. Inc.7 MPa) (5) The minimum strength of 2530 psi (17. 3960. He received his PhD from Northwestern University. Example If the strengths are normally distributed. and Rehabilitation of Concrete Buildings.6.952 ) = 0 . 31. the new limit k fc´ is k fc´ = 3915 + 567∅–1(0. 29. As only one of the 10 results is less than 0.293) = 0. 4600.-Feb.4. 928 pp. J.75fc´—a sample of ﬁve or six cores will not be sufﬁcient.7. a population with µ of 3915 psi (27.4 MPa) does not exceed this value.471. 3680. the probability of zero strengths being less than 0. 27.) is the normal cumulative distribution function.J. one could accept roughly 1.17. Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 49 .75fc´ to be 0.054 (1c) Committees 214.4R-10).317 + 0. and Marx. Approach 2 requires the assumption of normality to be used once to determine P1. only a single low value is present. 17.9 MPa). respectively. Hanson. Consider the following sample of 10 core strengths as originally proposed by Hanson3: 4370. 3740. it is somewhat imprecise: in the aforementioned example. fourth edition.60) = 3006 psi (20. 21. 4290. and 27. Elstner Associates. so application of Approach 2 may yield a different conclusion. FACI. 25. or two results being less than 0. It would therefore seem prudent to apply Approach 1 and consider Approach 2 only if there seems to be a single low value in the data set that causes the strength compliance check to fail using Approach 1. IL. 4120. For these 10 specimens.8. R. References 28. the probability of any strength measurement being less than 3375 psi (23.75fc´ is (0.75fc´ in three trials is 3! pY (0) = 0 . 0. 2005. Evaluation of Results of Tests Used to Determine the Strength of Concrete. so these criteria are roughly equivalent.. MI.M. ACI Committee 318.. London. and 0. corresponding to some new limit k fc´. Janney. 567 ON. He is a licensed professional engineer in Illinois and several other states.9 MPa).” Journal of the Performance of of three cores (0. assuming the strengths are normally distributed. (3) for n = 10 yield the probabilities of exactly zero. the Upper Saddle River. and two results being less than 0. However.L. pp.9 MPa). irrespective of µ/fc´ or V. 25. 22-25.293.” American concrete with a speciﬁed strength of 4500 psi (31 MPa)? Concrete Institute.45 test results in the set of 12 falling below 0.317. and a lead author of “Guide for Obtaining Cores and Interpreting Compressive Strength Results (ACI 214.764. one. The probability P2.0 MPa) and 2.3 MPa) from Received and reviewed under Institute publication policies.
ACI has tested over 350.. specify ACI Certiﬁed personnel Since 1980. contact Jan Prowell at (301) 975-6704..ACI Certiﬁcation. CCRL LaB TOur The Cement and Concrete Reference Laboratory offers performance examinations for the ACI Concrete Strength Testing Technician and ACI Aggregate Testing Technician – Level 1 certiﬁcation programs. and craftsmen in 18 different certiﬁcation programs. To schedule your lab for CCRL inspection.000 concrete technicians. supervisors. inspectors. Upcoming tour locations are: December 2011 Florida Illinois Kentucky Tennessee January 2012 Alabama Florida Illinois Kentucky Michigan Tennessee Visit www.Next Time. Schedule of Upcoming/Testing Sessions — Search by program and/or state. Directory of Certiﬁed Individuals— Conﬁrm an individual’s certiﬁcation and date of expiration. When you have a need for qualiﬁed concrete professionals—specify ACI Certiﬁcation. and to arrange for performance testing.org for: Descriptions of ACI Certiﬁcation Programs — Includes program requirements and reference/ resource materials. 50 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international .
To assist the Committee with disseminating this information. This may or may not be a concern. “Detailing Concrete Columns. From this point of view. depending on the height desired for the wall. the slope of the wall is not uniform along the entire length. Figure 1 shows a 10 ft 0 in. In addition. the A dimension will be less than the 10 ft dimensioned height along a plumb line. This gives a wall a uniform height along its entire length. Figure 2 illustrates a somewhat exaggerated condition where the grade starts at a gradual slope on the left and becomes steeper on the right. ” in response to an RFI from members of Joint ACI-ASCE Committee 408. Dimensioning the height of the wall as 10 ft 0 in.” Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 51 . at nanderson@crsi. CRSI’s Vice President of Engineering. we provide a clariﬁcation to the August 2011 Concrete International article. this wall is not uniform in height along its entire length.org with the subject line “Detailing Corner. we examine dimensions of sloped walls and how they can affect the reinforcing bar details. Details of Concrete ReinforcementConstructibility. If you have a detailing question you would like to see covered in a future article. staff at the Concrete Reinforcing Steel Institute (CRSI) are presenting these topics in a regular series of articles. (3. In Fig. depending on the wall’s intended purpose and/or aesthetic requirements.05 m) along the vertical gives a wall of uniform height along its entire length. but this dimension nevertheless remains uniform along the wall’s entire length. Sloped Wall Dimensions Know your height Dimensioning wall heights on a slope can be confusing.05 m) high wall that follows the existing grade with an approximately constant slope. bottom of the wall is increasingly shorter from the left to the right. It’s customary to dimension the height of a wall along a vertical (plumb) line. Development and Splicing of Deformed Bars. please send an e-mail to Neal Anderson. In this case. has developed forums dealing with constructibility issues for reinforced concrete. provided the wall slope is uniform. 1. (3.Detailing Corner Dimensions of Sloped Walls and a Clarification to Mechanical Splice Staggering (RFI 11-10) I n this month’s Detailing Corner. but the dimension of the wall along a line perpendicular to the DETAILING CORNER Joint ACI-CRSI Committee 315-B. We thank those who contacted us and encourage all readers to participate in this forum.
2 arises frequently in dimensioning parapets along stairways with landings. Note that the term “horizontal” is used rather loosely here. From an architectural point of view. the parapet will usually carry a single dimension. yet the vertical dimension at the stair is greater than at the upper or lower slab levels. the bar spacing will narrow so all the bars can fit as the wall gets shorter at the right end. what is the intended height of the parapet? More appropriately. In today’s domestic (U. so dimensioning the actual height vertically along a plumb line would be incorrect.4 can be used without the stagger requirement instead of the lower strength mechanical splice. some of the horizontal runs of bars may be discontinued to maintain a more uniform or consistent spacing of the bars in the wall. in this case. It’s obvious that this dimension 52 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international . In other words. “Detailing Concrete Columns. it does present a slight issue. For instance. Assuming that the wall can be detailed with a varying vertical (plumb) dimension as shown in Fig. Figure 3(b) presents a more visually appealing solution because the concrete band appears to be a constant dimension. ACI 318-081 requires staggering only when the mechanical splice strength is less than Type 1 (namely.) market. 2. fy. Thus. especially when considering sloped concrete elements exposed to view.14. so congestion of the bars may become an issue and minimum bar spacing may need to be verified. The dimension perpendicular to the bottom of the wall is the critical height dimension to maintain the waterway opening. which results in both short and long vertical bars in the column run. in part: “A full mechanical or welded splice conforming to 12. of the reinforcement). the spacing between “horizontal” wall bars will have to decrease for all of the bars to fit in the wall. Stairs The issue illustrated in Fig. there are no mechanical splices promoted with design strengths less than Type 1. or when full mechanical splices are used in tension tie members. Design considerations The designer must be aware that the method of dimensioning has critical ramifications. The cross-sectional area of the channel or flume must be constant to provide the necessary drainage capacity.5 of ACI 318-08 states. Alternately. RFI 11-10: In the August 2011 Concrete International Detailing Corner article. the general case is that staggering is not required. three-sided water channel or a covered water flume. and a shorter wall height within the stair run may result in a wall height that doesn’t meet the code requirements for railing height—something to watch. this condition is not visually appealing. what is the architect or the designer (you) expecting? One possible solution could be as shown in Fig. in Fig. Architects typically solve this dilemma by locating the parapet soffit below the slab and stair soffits to compensate for the discrepancy in dimensions. But at the sloped section at the stairway. this maintains the old mythology of staggering being required at all times.” Unfortunately. less than 125% of the specified yield strength. the vertical plumb dimension would vary. which is not necessarily the case. this issue needs clarification. the rail height above the stair and landings can be consistent and the wall will appear to have a constant height.15. 2: Wall with a nonuniform slope. 3. and thus would have to be constant.” the following statement is made: “ACI 318-08 requires mechanical splices be staggered. 1: Wall with a uniform slope Fig. consider this wall as one of the sides of a lined. increasing as the slope becomes steeper. Commentary Section R12.S. (1. as it actually refers to the reinforcing bars parallel to the bottom of the wall on the slope. Dimension of wall perpendicular to the bottom becomes increasingly smaller as the slope of the grade increases As to where this may be an issue. However. By constructing the wall in this manner. In fact.22 m) along the vertical is normally dimensioned on the left only. ” Response: You are correct in that the ACI 318-081 (and now ACI 318-112) building code requires staggering of Fig. Because staggering is difficult to detail and a costly option to produce. The height from the slab and stair to the top of the parapet must be constant.14. the 4 ft 0 in.2 or 12.3. as the wall gets shorter at the right end. In such an instance.3. 3(a). moving left to right. The designer must determine which dimension is critical in each particular instance and be sure it is presented clearly and unambiguously.Detailing Corner holds for the portions of the wall at the upper and lower landings.
Section R12.15. (750 mm) apart. may be designed to develop not less than either twice the tensile force effect in the bar at the section or half the minimum specified yield strength of the reinforcement. staggering tie hooks (Section R7.6). lap splices.” In addition.15. 3: Concrete parapet wall along a stair and landings: (a) if the vertical height of the parapet remains constant.6..3-04.6. staggering hooks within a bundle (Section R7. Some of these issues are code-related.5). used where the area of reinforcement provided is at least twice that required by analysis and where the splices are staggered at least 24. However..5.4 requires “splices of reinforcement in tension tie members shall be made only with either full-welded splices or full-mechanical connections.10.a). However. Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 53 . whether it concerns mechanical splices.6). Clause 5.Detailing Corner (a) (b) Fig. and (b) if the vertical height is maintained from the landings to the sloped portion at the stair. the ACI 343R5 report “Analysis and Design of Reinforced Concrete Bridge Structures” also has similar language for mechanical splices (Section 13.0 in.2 notes that “mechanical connections or welded splices.4). or hooked reinforcement.3. there are several other points to consider regarding the issue of staggering.4 reads.15.0 in.3 there are no stagger requirements when a mechanical splice conforms to the Type 1 ACI equivalent requirements.4 has similar language to the preceding Item 2 (Clause 12. in part: “ . the proportions are more balanced mechanical splices only when they do not meet Type 1 requirements or when used in tension tie members. Splices in adjacent bars shall be staggered not less than 30.6).” CSA A23. there are some requirements regarding staggering for other cases. Clause 5. and the rail height may violate code requirements.5. and staggering the heads of headed bars (Section R12.2. such as the staggering of bar cutoffs in bundles (Section R7.when located in regions of high tensile stress in the reinforcement. ” The Canadian Standards Association’s (CSA) “Design of Concrete Structures. the proportions are not correct. whereas others are constructibility-focused: The Commentary to ACI 318-112 acknowledges the benefits of staggering. (600 mm). although such staggering is encouraged where the area of reinforcement provided is less than twice that required by the analysis” [emphasis added]. In the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications. Finally.11. Such splices need not be staggered.11.
and Wisconsin. If staggered mechanical splices are used in columns. the minimum stagger length should be checked and specified by the engineer only when required to be consistent with an applicable code section. New York. however. free-standing erection and assembly of the reinforcement may be required rather than preassembled cages. If special equipment is required. The outside diameter of the mechanical splice should be known. there may be good reasons for this. = 25. thus necessitating use of external bracing or formwork to hold bars while completing splices. An informal poll of CRSI detailer/fabricator members showed that mechanical splices are staggered for the majority of cases. “There is a considerable difference in the time and equipment required to install different mechanical splices. such as the provisions in Chapter 12 of ACI 318 related to splices that do not meet Type 1 or 2 requirements. access. for example. whereas some DOTs require splices be staggered “as far as possible” . For constructibility reasons. Up-to-date dimensional data should be obtained from the splice manufacturer. precast columns oftentimes use a grouted-sleeve mechanical splice to establish continuity. especially if tools are needed to facilitate completion of the splice. This would allow the ironworkers to stand on the footing and reach the upper coupler. 1 ft = 0. By knowing the diameter of the mechanical splice. and 1. depending on the mechanical splice type used—this may or may not be a consideration. as an example.5 of this document has further discussion regarding field erection. Pennsylvania. unlike lap splices. and code requirements. “Types of Mechanical Splices for Reinforcing Bars.” has some good information regarding splice staggering. and (2) staggering reduces congestion around the splices. without needing to use a ladder. the engineer/specifier can decide whether the mechanical splices need to be staggered on the basis of the clearance required. There is little justification for staggering mechanical splices solely to prevent undesirable failure modes that are associated with lap splices because.3) requires that all mechanical splices in components subjected to axial tension shall be staggered at least 32 in.4 mm. 4.5db (db is the bar diameter). “Spacing and Cover Requirements. A portion of a detail from a project is shown in Fig.1. The ACI Committee 4397 report.” the following is presented: “Clearance limits for mechanical splices may be a factor in the selection and positioning of the appropriate mechanical splice. a project RFI asked to lower the elevation of the second splice line. Clearly. the field erection procedure and schedule should be coordinated with the selection and installation procedure of the mechanical splices.5 in. as indicated on the designer’s structural drawings. particular information regarding its size. and availability should be obtained from the supplier or splice manufacturer. the ability of mechanical splices to carry and transfer load from bar-to-bar is not affected by concrete cover or the compressive strength of concrete.3. Pending any future code revisions. it has been the practice of some designers in the past to stagger mechanical splices as if they were lap splices. It states: “In many applications. In Section 1. from the preceding discussion. ” Although staggering of mechanical splices may be construed as legacy thinking in design. With higher percentages of vertical column reinforcement. which facilitates meeting the spacing requirements of Section 7. 4. this may give rise to congestion at the splice elevation. weight. In the case of bars that are Fig.3048 m) 54 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international . This section requires the clear spacing between longitudinal bars be at least 1.3 of the ACI 318-112 code. And a sampling of state Department of Transportation (DOT) Bridge Design Specifications reveals that several states. operation. (As a side note to the detail shown in Fig. mechanical splices are usually best located in the same plane or elevation. require all splices be staggered a specific distance. Furthermore. some types of construction rely on having splices at the same elevation.Detailing Corner The CSA Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code CAN/ CSA-S6-066 (Clause 8.15.3. Therefore. 4: An example of a project detail showing staggered mechanical splices in a column (1 in. Nevertheless. the mechanical splices could all be located at the same elevation without compromising strength. (800 mm).) Two benefits of staggering were cited: (1) staggering helps provide adequate room for installation of the mechanical splices.9.” Section 1. including California. Illinois. mechanical splices may be staggered for clearance.6.
Mississauga. 4 and items addressed previously. similar to the bars being lap spliced. ” From Fig.5db for diameter of taper-threaded splices. Selected for reader interest by the editors. “Analysis and Design of Reinforced Concrete Bridge Structures (ACI 343R-95) (Reapproved 2004). and 13db to 14db for length and 3db for diameter of shear screw couplers. 2011. MI. MI. Washington. ” American Concrete Institute.” American Concrete Institute. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials.Detailing Corner (a) (b) Fig. ” Canadian Standards Association. 20 pp. Units). the clear spacing requirement is traditionally applied to the spacing between neighboring splices. ” When accommodating mechanical splices in design and construction. 503 pp. CAN/CSA-A23. Thanks to Dick Birley of Condor Rebar Consultants Inc.3-04. ACI Committee 439. With these points in mind. ACI Committee 318. The rough working dimensions are 3db to 4db for length and 1. we’d like to offer the following revision to the statement in the August CI article: “Although ACI 318-08 does not require the staggering of mechanical splices for the general case. 4. Joint ACI-ASCE Committee 343. 2004.3R-07). two general types from various manufacturers were studied—the taper-threaded coupler and the shear screw coupling sleeve (Fig. Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 55 . other codes may require this in certain instances. 1822 pp. 3. 2008. 258 pp. If the splices are staggered.” American Concrete Institute. Canada. “Design of Concrete Structures. it would be helpful to have some idea of the overall dimensions for a typical splice. MI. as stated previously. 7. “Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-11) and Commentary. A conservative length and diameter was determined from these representative mechanical splices. 2007. CAN/CSA-S6-06.S. LRFD Bridge Design Specifications (Customary U. 2006. Staggering of mechanical splices may actually be preferred from the standpoint of constructibility. DC. References 1. “Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code. 473 pp. 2. 2004. MI. “Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-08) and Commentary. it would seem that staggering has a minimal impact on cost and could actually enhance constructibility. Canada. “Types of Mechanical Splices for Reinforcing Bars (ACI 439. 5). Farmington Hills. expressed as a multiple of the spliced bar diameter. Although these dimensions vary due to the numerous types of splices available. A closer spacing may prohibit the concrete from fully encapsulating the splicing device.” Canadian Standards Association. although this section does not specifically address clearance limits for mechanical splices. 5: Mechanical splices: (a) taper-threaded and (b) shear screw sleeve7 mechanically spliced. fourth edition. 158 pp. ” American Concrete Institute. Farmington Hills. Farmington Hills. this will result in both short and long vertical bars in the column run. ON. Farmington Hills. db is the spliced bar diameter. ON. 2007. 6. The inquiry stated that the staggering of mechanical splices is “difficult to detail and a costly option to produce. Mississauga. 800 pp. These approximate dimensions can be used when checking clear spacing or the layout of staggered splices if required for adequate clear spacing. and Neal Anderson of CRSI for providing the information in this article. ACI Committee 318. 5.
org. visit www.Art of Concrete ACI Spring 2012 Convention March 18-22 Hyatt Regency Dallas Reach over 1400 Concrete Professionals Exhibit or Sponsor at the ACI Spring 2012 Convention Exhibitors have the opportunity to hold product demonstrations and network with attendees during events held in the exhibit area. Additionally. . higher-level contributors can receive exhibit space.aciconvention. Booth Size 10 x 10 ft Price $1200. and more. complimentary registrations. on the contribution board. For more information on exhibit and sponsorship opportunities. and an invitation to the Sponsor Reception. convention signage. pre-convention advertising materials.00 Sponsoring at the ACI Convention is a great way to support the development of the concrete industry. and on a powerpoint presentation that will be played during prime convention functions. Your company will receive additional exposure in the convention program book. In return for your support. your company name will appear in the convention program.
there is a close interdependence of speciﬁcations and quality control. contractor. 1). the main task of the quality controller is to ensure that the repair operations are performed as speciﬁed. applying a Band-Aid® to an imperiled structure rather than developing a complex remedy based on numerous engineering tasks (Fig. Poor workmanship may be caused by inadequate quality control. and • Required performance traits •• •• •• •• Evaluation of Deterioration • Cover depth. A well-designed speciﬁcation should be a guiding road map for the engineer. we have found that many engineers are. so the design of the repair must be focused on durability. and Benoit Bissonnette lthough there have been signiﬁcant advances in our understanding of the complexity of concrete repair and its engineering. Incorrect design of the repairs. and Poor workmanship. • Intended use. including marine structures.Concrete Repair Specifications: Guidance or Confusion? Sound engineering specifications are an integral part of true repair sustainability by Robert M. • Depth of carbonation.1 Failures were ascribed to: Incorrect diagnosis of the causes of the deterioration. and industrial plants. • Environment and contamination. A Comprehensive Condition Evaluation Consider: • Original design approach. In search of a true engineering speciﬁcation. Selection of inappropriate repair materials. just as a map can’t be drawn without a proper survey. Alexander M. and • Compressive strength Determine extent of deterioration Assess structural Establish cause(s) of deterioration and safety implications Identify existing active mass transport mechanisms Prognosis of Future Service Life (Model and Experience) Remediation Alternatives Replace Monitor only Repair and/or protect Repair/Protection Options Prognosis of Future Service Life [Time to Next Remedial Action or Replacement (Model and Experience)] Choose Repair/Protection Methods Establish Project Objectives Design and Specifications Fig. and quality controller. • Conditions of use. But. bridges. Fig. Vaysburd. 1 1: Designing a repair and writing the associated specification require that the engineer conducts a comprehensive evaluation of the existing conditions Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 57 . The durability of a repair is the paramount factor to be considered and adequately addressed in a speciﬁcation. • Residual service life. Whereas training is perhaps beyond the control of the speciﬁer. • Condition of steel. parking garages. assuming that the speciﬁcation is of adequate quality. Snover. and • History of structure Establish: • Design life. a repair speciﬁcation can’t be written without a detailed diagnosis of the problem(s). After all. • Resistivity. • Chloride content. material supplier. But our experiences with many speciﬁcations for repair jobs in North America. clearly demonstrate that a good speciﬁcation is an endangered species. • Permeability. premature failure of repairs has become a major problem. One recent study reported that only about half of a set of 200 concrete repair projects were successful. in effect. • Petrography.
The synergetic effects of several critical diverse environments present along the electrically continuous reinforcement. many other repair characteristics. measured. performance requirements cannot be successfully adapted and used to the exclusion of prescriptive speciﬁcations until required performance criteria and reliable evaluative techniques have been developed and widely accepted. An electrochemical potential difference (Erp – Esb) exists. pay items.” The study and knowledge of what is really required will usually eliminate the need for these meaningless and costly phrases that leave an impression that the speciﬁer is uninformed or lazy.3R-06). Challenging as they may be. are unknown and unpredictable. it’s unsuitable in cases of corrosion-affected structures being repaired because there are no proven links between available testing methods and actual in-place performance. Many speciﬁed performance requirements are no more than bold statements. external environments. Caution needs to be exercised in establishing performance requirements for repairing corrosion-affected structures subjected to chloride and marine environments. Mass transport processes. DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international . the situation can be greatly improved by following the guidance of “Guide for the Selection of Materials for the Repair of Concrete (ACI 546. and other factors on the electrochemical properties of the repair system all must be considered. With respect to the performance requirements for repair materials. the uncertainty in such speciﬁcations makes sound project bidding impossible— to work under them is tantamount to playing a game of Russian roulette. it’s not yet suitable for the concrete repair ﬁeld. such as electrochemical activities. it should not be speciﬁed.3 The performance approach may be applicable where the potential future behavior is well understood. Curve A1 is the anodic reaction for the bars in the patched area. signiﬁcantly add to the complexity of the problem. To be implemented for true durability. to properly take them into account. simply because there are no practical means to manage them. Whereas the concept of specifying the end result is generally a good one. Also. Such knowledge is especially critical when the design needs to ensure a speciﬁc service life of repaired structure or the speciﬁc time to the next remedial action—requirements increasingly being invoked. If a particular property or other speciﬁed item cannot be practically tested. a repair project should include: 58 . 2: A repair patch in chloride-contaminated concrete can lead to the creation of a corrosion cell. and the distribution of aggressive agents. There is no such thing as a standard concrete repair. 2). a guidance document for doing so does not exist. oxygen. The inherent variability depends mainly on: Existing physical and electrochemical conditions within the structure. The inﬂuence of the repair section on the existing structure.”2 Nevertheless. Interaction between internal and external environments. and the bars in the existing concrete develop a local anodic area where the corrosion rate is much higher than in the repair area (Isb >> Irb) (based on Reference 4) Irp Isb A Look at Speciﬁcations •• •• •• •• •• Many repair speciﬁcations are mixtures of referenced standards. and thus the problem-free repair of corrosion-affected structures is more of a myth than a reality. the change in chemical composition. interactions between existing substrates and repairs. unless global cathodic protection is speciﬁed (Fig. However. The factors affecting the performance of concrete repair systems are intrinsic and extrinsic. the speciﬁcation writer (designer) must have an adequate knowledge of physical and electrochemical phenomena. and Compatibility or incompatibility between the substrate and repair. Changes caused by the repair. or controlled. log scale Fig. It’s also desirable for the repair speciﬁcation to eliminate phrases such as “directed by the Engineer.Potential + Cathodic reaction (Oxygen reduction) Erp Electrochemical Incompatibility A1 Steel in repaired zone (Chloride free) Steel in existing concrete (Chloride contaminated) A2 Esb Anodic reaction (Iron corrosion) Current density. Key Factors Affecting Repair Durability The true qualiﬁcation of the term “durability” in concrete repair is its expected service life to the next remedial action or replacement of the structure. however. The risk of continuing corrosion and even its acceleration due to the electrochemical incompatibility between the old and new in a composite structure will always be present. and environments within the substrates and repair materials.Can Performance Be Specified? Our diagnosis is that the epidemic of poorly developed repair speciﬁcations is associated with the increasing popularity of performance speciﬁcations. and cut-and-paste clauses recycled from previous projects with little thought about speciﬁcs. therefore. in addition to differentials in stress states. and Curve A2 is the anodic reaction for the bars in the existing chloride-contaminated concrete. moisture.
When prepackaged repair materials are speciﬁed. affecting shrinkage cracking from the time of specimen casting.” which allows for the evolution of material sensitivity to cracking.5 Cement paste functions as a binder. In fact. making such requirements useless. The method accounts for numerous factors Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 59 . We have reviewed numerous speciﬁcations and. speciﬁers are apparently unaware of (or choosing to ignore) this very necessary test for repair materials. and electrochemical effects. the greatest inﬂuences on the shrinkage and cracking potential of a mixture is its total paste content. but without any indication at what age this limit should be met. ASTM C1581. “Standard Test Method for Determining Age at Cracking and Induced Tensile Stress Characteristics of Mortar and Concrete under Restrained Shrinkage. and risk). probability. however. which includes both a modeling approach to the service life of the repaired structure and an experiential approach (detailed consideration of the consequences of continuing corrosion and deterioration to performance. it’s also the source of shrinkage in concrete. Water can contain aggressive agents and produce detrimental physical. however. ﬁller. Low permeability is not ensured. chemical. and ﬁnishing aid. have yet to ﬁnd a single case of setting a limit on drying shrinkage. unfortunately. and Durability planning. a limiting shrinkage value is usually provided. Many speciﬁcations only refer to ASTM C1202. “Standard Test Method for Electrical Indication of Concrete’s Ability to Resist Chloride Ion Penetration. without concurrent speciﬁcation of drying shrinkage limits to limit the extent of cracking. Unfortunately. is useful for determining the relative likelihood of early material cracking and aiding in the selections of material mixtures that are less likely to crack.” for establishing the permeability of repair materials. Of equal concern is the myth that very low water-cementitious material ratios (w/cm) will lead to reduced shrinkage. Because it lacks the restraint Permeability One of the fundamental factors inﬂuencing the initiation and extent of damage to reinforced concrete is the movement of moisture.of the existing conditions •• Assessment of the structure and establishment •• of realistic performance requirements made with detailed consideration of the likely continuing deterioration and distress in different components of the composite repair system. for a given set of constituents.
We have not Modulus of elasticity X yet read a single speciﬁcation that sets Creep X a limit for the maximum allowable compressive strength of hardened Compressive strength X repair material. For typical repairs. neat paste can shrink four to transport (permeability) properties of cementitious materials. Long-term durability is Note: Cracking can be reduced by using a repair material with moderate to low early strength achieved by dimensional stability. microand macrocracking. 60 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international .Table 1: Relative effects of material properties and contents on cracking of repairs Effect properties and factors critical for the low cracking tendency of repair materials are presented in Table 1. Speciﬁers seem to be unaware that hydration products. The rate of cement and optimized aggregate quality and quantity). but near the cement grains. not and low early modulus of elasticity.6 Material strength Our review of speciﬁcations also Parameter Major Moderate Minor shows that there is a common misconDrying shrinkage X ception that high-strength repair material is beneﬁcial. Accelerating admixtures X The major fault of an engineering material is not a lack of strength or Water-reducing admixtures X stiffness but rather a lack of resistance to Silica fume X the initiation and propagation of cracks. especially those exposed to severe environments. such materials have a Water content X greater potential for higher shrinkage Slump (within typical ranges) X and cracking. thereby products have sufficient time to diffuse throughout the improving durability. and thus on the provided by aggregate. they may not products surrounding and sometimes encapsulating the necessarily reduce the amount of shrinkage. Problems can also arise from Fly ash X unnecessary speciﬁcation of highSlag cement X early-strength repair materials. the hydration contributions to reducing shrinkage and cracking. At accelerated Unfortunately. “Standard Speciﬁcation for Chemical Admixtures and producing a much more open pore structure than for Concrete. or slag cement. Some of the material materials. reducing paste quantity will make the greatest strength.” allows test specimens produced with the test comparable materials with a normal rate of hydration. Such mixtures require water-reducing admixtures. ﬁve times more than concrete with the same paste. in addition to the total ash. cement grain serve as diffusion obstacles to water and the opposite is true. minimizing paste content (with low amounts of portland by high early strength. cement matrix and precipitate uniformly. These relatively dense deposits of hydration the workability of low w/cm mixtures. the hydration is so much faster than the diffusion require high-performance concrete with a w/cm of about process that most of the hydration products remain static 0. Of course. Such strength Coefficient of thermal expansion X incompatibility also negatively affects the distribution of stresses in loadw/cm X carrying repair systems. thus hindering further hydration ASTM C494. ﬂy strength gain.7 admixture to have 35% more shrinkage than control It can be concluded that for concrete and other cementitious specimens without the admixture. a stronger Early strength X and stiffer cementitious material is more likely to crack because the Paste content X higher modulus of elasticity increases Cement content and type X the tensile stress arising from drying shrinkage and other restrained Aggregate content. 7 days—70%. At normal rates of strength gain (3 days—50% ultimate Therefore.30. has a signiﬁcant effect on the pore structure. and incorporating Type II cement. we’ve found many speciﬁcations that rates. type and size X volume changes. and 28 days—100%). Sometimes. leaving the interstitial space whereas these admixtures can be quite effective in increasing relatively open. degree of hydration.
and chloride content than the surrounding concrete. Clfrom outside (1) Depassivation of the steel reinforcing bars (2) Formation of rust products (1) Accumulation and expansion of rust products (2) Loss of bond between reinforcing bars and repair material Expansion. more frequently. or LinkedIn today and start networking with thousands of other concrete professionals. Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 61 . compressive strength should be speciﬁed at a stage later than the traditional 28 days. 3: Holistic model of a concrete repair failure the rate of strength gain is critical to durability. Twitter. spalling Expansion. marketing. those containing ﬂy ash or slag cement) might perform more satisfactorily under these conditions. and speciﬁcation of numerous products and systems claiming to prevent or signiﬁcantly slow down further corrosion and deterioration. however.concrete. The speciﬁed compressive strength should not be in excess of what is necessary for load-carrying purposes. Strong corrosion cells may be established. We need to have faith that corrosion inhibitors will provide protection when it’s required. Actual in-place 28-day compressive strengths should be kept at levels similar to the speciﬁed strength. oxygen. true site performance of such additional protective systems must be evaluated and documented to a reasonable extent. simply visit ACI’s Web site at www. Corrosion protection A major problem occurring within repaired concrete structures is the continuation or even acceleration of reinforcing steel corrosion. Without ﬁeld evaluation. Due to the economic consequences of introducing protective measures that don’t perform as promised (and that may even have adverse effects). more cracking. some of the chloride-contaminated concrete is usually left in place. we have seen the development. and LinkedIn links. When an existing concrete structure suffering from reinforcement corrosion and Want to connect with thousands of other ACI Members? Connect with ACI on Facebook. CO2. and participate in technical discussions. Repair materials with acceptable minimum earlystrength properties should be speciﬁed and used. spalling of existing concrete adjacent to the repair Restrained volume changes Cracking Increase in permeability Penetration of H2O. Recently. Clfrom inside concrete deterioration is being repaired. resulting in spalling of the repair itself or.org and click on the Facebook. In this case. To join. Materials with slow strength gain (for instance. of the concrete around the repair. Twitter. how do we know that the corrosion inhibitors won’t diffuse or wash out from the location where they are needed? Repair Failure Fig. receive special ACI announcements. enlargement of existing cracks.Repaired Concrete Structure Repair Weakened bond between reinforcing bars and concrete along the repair perimeter Exterior weathering and loading effects Increase in permeability along the perimeter of the repair Penetration of H2O. 3. If practical. more cracking. A holistic model of concrete repair failure is shown in Fig. there is always a risk that corrosion activity may continue or even accelerate because the repaired section has a different moisture.
in Chemical resistance ASTM C1308 Spot test covered otherwise adequate conditions. application constraints. ACI 546. what is the overall effect when a corrosion installation to achieve compatibility. 28 and 56 days ASTM C157 modified data sheets with different material and until 90% ultimate 76x76x275 mm 46 to 54% RH at 23±2°C properties and test methods to per ASTM C596 characterize them. ASTM C666-A 25 mm overlay on Resistance to 76x76x406 mm freezing and thawing Typically. (noncorroding) cathodic area that stimulates increased The implementation of the guide into practice will corrosion around it—causing the ring effect. test methods ASTM C672 at 28 days salt scaling used to determine material properties ASTM C512 and modiﬁcations to such tests are Compressive creep often poorly documented. But there’s a serious expect any beneﬁts from the addition of a corrosion problem with the implementation of the guide into inhibitor to a repair material? practice—it’s an expensive task for the material manufacturers 62 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international Durability Properties Verification Test Method . 7. 14.”8 It requires and migrate as the result of moisture and temperature providing information on material in a standardized. report age Cracking resistance at cracking and crack width this anarchy in product data sheets. Because of ASTM C1581 60 days. unsuitable materials are often speciﬁed and used. gradients.3R-09).2 The durability-related repair that contains the inhibitor can become a clean properties addressed in the protocol are shown in Fig. The in a related document. interpretation.Repair materials Specifying repair materials for a given project is a daunting task. 4. °F = 9/5 x °C + 32) repair failures. and suggested limiting values of of the repair does not address the entire structure’s corrosion many types of concrete repair materials has been published problem if chlorides or carbonation are widespread. resulting in unquestionably improve the quality of design speciﬁcations corrosion and early cracking and spalling in concrete and the quality of repair projects. The protocol deﬁnes important properties and how to These effects will be magniﬁed in exposed structures.. 4: Durability-related properties of concrete repair materials as listed in the protocol in ACI 546. Also. and the environment of the Finally.3R-06. Bond strength ICRI 03739 with CSP3 considering the number of materials at 1. ACI issued the “Guide for Cementitious it’s likely that an inhibitor will spread beyond a repair area Repair Material Data Sheet (ACI 364.04 in. as test for these properties. The engineer has very limited and sometimes misleading Coefficient of Use 46 to 54% RH bar from ASTM C157 information on which to base thermal expansion cycle 60 to 5°C at 50 and > 95% RH selection and speciﬁcation of materials for a particular repair project. To put it bluntly. leading to premature Fig. Unlike a speciﬁcation. Rapid chloride ASTM C1202 at 28 days The information on product data permeability ASTM C1543 or AASHTO T259 14 day cure sheets does not provide conﬁdence in Chloride ponding then 14 day air dry CPS 3 the given properties and is not a Sulfate resistance credible basis for speciﬁcation and ASTM C1012 selection of materials that will. performance mass transport between the repair material and existing criteria are not listed but are left to the speciﬁer to choose concrete will be most signiﬁcant when the structure is based on the properties of the substrate concrete. is it reasonable to sustainability of concrete structures.3R-062 (1 mm = 0. and 28 days on 30 MPa concrete available on the market and the way Length change they are represented by manufacturers’ Immersed 23±5°C at 1. 7. so repair materials. only data on properties freezing and thawing durable concrete with CSP3 at 28 days favorable for a particular material are Resistance to being reported. A discussion of the inhibitor is added to the repair material? The local nature relevance. It’s also very likely that chlorides from the existing appropriately speciﬁed and selected. logical. causing the necessary concentration to be and consistent format so that repair materials can be reduced. In response to an urgent industry need for a standardized protocol for Both moisture and temperature gradients determine the reporting properties and descriptions of cement-based transport of water and other agents in the repair system. the subjected to wetting and drying. which is crucial to the adjacent to the repair. ensure durability of the repair. contaminated concrete will move into the repair section.
. more reliable will have an enormous technical and economic signiﬁcance.. “Performance Speciﬁcations for Coastal Structures: Limits and Limitations. Repair of Concrete. Baltimore. 6. pp. and Saekkinen. Designing and specifying concrete repair has unique requirements. Skokie. Benoit Bissonnette. Sharp. In fact. A. London. In 1996. 8. UK. “Guide for the Selection of Materials for the Repair of Concrete (ACI 546. and self-consolidating concrete. Rehabilitation. In addition. Every means of making concrete repair practice. ShrinkageCompensating Concrete. Burke. In 2000.. Robert M. including the Society of American Military Engineers. 364.” Concrete International. 95. Portsmouth. Kosmatka. Navy and nationally for the U. Speciﬁcally. No.. Farmington Hills. IHS BRE Press. D.. as well as high standards of responsibility on the part of the writer. the Navy League.N. ” American Concrete Institute. J. UK.3R-09). No. he received both the ACI Cedric Willson Award and the ACI Construction Award. Portland Cement Association. V.3R-06). Lightweight Aggregate and Concrete. 389-394.3R-098 into practice. 205 pp. P.” ACI Materials Journal. Achieving Durable Repaired Concrete Structures.M. some of the material and performance requirements desirable to new concrete can be detrimental to the production of durable concrete repairs. 1998. He has served in leadership roles for various organizations. V.J. His research interests include concrete shrinkage and creep. and 364. S. 8. Henderson. 2.S. 4.. and Caldwell. and the New Hampshire State Port Authority. and 546. P. “Electrochemical Incompatibility of Patches in Reinforced Concrete. 19. Concrete for Infrastructures and Utilities. It therefore becomes the responsibility of the engineer/speciﬁer to “push” the provisions of ACI 364. “Guide for Cementitious Repair Material Data Sheet (ACI 364. 2. 2006. considering the volume of deteriorated concrete structures and the limited resources for their remediation. MD.K. Note: Additional information on the ASTM standards discussed in this article can be found at www. MI.. FACI. Manufacturers are not going to do this timeconsuming and expensive job unless project speciﬁcations spell out the requirements and provisions in accordance with this ACI document. Economic signiﬁcance Writing a concrete repair speciﬁcation is a complex engineering task requiring extensive knowledge of science. pp.. Snover is the President of Appledore Marine Engineering. 68-72. Alexander M. Service Life Prediction.A. Shi. Brown. July-Aug. ACI Committee 546... N.. and Mallvaganam. C. V.. Design and Control of Concrete Mixtures. IL. ACI Committee 364. 18-22. 3-5. MI.J.org.P. Coast Guard. pp. and Bissonnette.. C. He is a member of ACI Committees 223.” Applicator. Québec.” Concrete in the Services of Mankind.. Tumidajski.A. Inc. B. engineering. Canada.. eds.” American Concrete Institute. 2007. Garston. The purpose of our critiques is to help the industry use resources more efficiently and economically. B. 2009.astm. pp.S. 5. pp. Stegemann. Selected for reader interest by the editors. he was awarded the ACI Wason Medal for Most Meritorious Paper. Mathews.. 365. Vaysburd is a Principal of Vaycon Consulting. is an Associate Professor in the Department of Civil Engineering at the Université Laval. The list is by no means complete but may serve to indicate some of the “bugs” that could be eliminated by reasonable understanding of and attention to the issues involved. Aug. Rehabilitation. R. the Propeller Club of the United States. he serves on the engineering committee of the Association of Diving Contractors—the lead agency for establishing dive training and safety requirements. M. 1997. Farmington Hills.. W. E&FN Spon. “Effect of Supplementary Cementing Materials on the Speciﬁc Conductivity of Pore Solution and Its Implications on the Rapid Chloride Permeability Test (AASHTO T277 and ASTM C1202) Results.J. 3. 34 pp. R. He is also Director of Engineering at SIMCO Technologies. “Roadmap for Improvement of Crack Resistance of Repair Materials. NH. Vaysburd. Some of the tips and recommendations have been tried on a number of remediation projects and proved to be practical and effective.H.C. and ﬁeld practices. Gu. 2006. concrete repair and rehabilitation. 1996. 1998. 49-63. J. References 1. ﬁberreinforced concrete. No. He is a member of ACI Committees 213. QC. S. Beaudoin.. and Panarese. Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 63 .to retest materials already on the market and issue new data sheets. 12 pp. Dhir and N. including project speciﬁcations. 7. The majority of his career has focused on marine structural engineering and related issues. Watford. 4. 28. cracking. he has been instrumental in managing and actively participating in waterfront assessments both worldwide for the U.
and the information you need to help sustain and grow your business. Start the year off strong at World of Concrete! Support ACI— Register for World of Concrete at www.org. 2012 Las Vegas Convention Center • Las Vegas. exciting demonstrations and competitions. .concrete. a world-class education program. Nevada USA World of Concrete is the industry’s ONLY annual international event dedicated to the commercial concrete and masonry construction industries. 2012 • Seminars: January 23-27.Free Registration to World of Concrete 2012 Compliments of ACI Exhibits: January 24-27. Features include indoor and outdoor exhibits with the industry’s leading suppliers showcasing innovative products and technologies.
or any of its staff. concrete paving contractor. the correct depth has been reached.com Flynn Co.. accommodating over 80% of all requirements for drop-in anchors. and 16 mm) and depths ranging from 13/16 to 2-1/16 in. The carbide-tipped steel bits come in varying diameters.Products & Powers’ Versatile C5 Trak-It Practice Leica Geosystems Aids Stringless Paving Powers Fasteners introduced the C5 Trak-It® Tool. It weighs 7. (13 to 38 mm) pins in varying diameter up to a depth of 2-1/2 in. IA. (63 mm). and 5/8 in. They ﬁrst used the system in 2009 on a project on U. and after successful stringless projects in Missouri and Iowa. plywood. has invested in various Leica Geosystems machine control technologies.us Precision in Anchor-Hole Drilling Metabo Upgrades Prep Kit Metabo Corporation has upgraded its 7 in. It also features a simpliﬁed on/off switch to prevent false starts.S. and furring strips to concrete.powers. making it the smallest on the market. (20 to 52 mm). Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 65 . and the battery can shoot up to 3500 pins before it needs recharging. by the American Concrete Institute.com Bosch Stop Bits offer an easier and more precise method of drilling holes for drop-in anchors. and steel. It can shoot 1/2 to 1-1/2 in. Highway 65 near Mason City. Inc. Also. once the collar is ﬂush with the concrete.metabousa. 13. a loaded speed of 4600 rpm. They are published here simply as a service to our readers. —Bosch www. as well as the other variables associated with the stringline process. a Dubuque. lath. and have a maximum speed of 1100 rpm. IA. the descriptions of these items do not represent endorsement by this magazine.6 kg). dust control shroud and optional vacuum.boschtools. to allow them to implement stringless technology in paving. including 3/8. —Leica Geosystems www. A steel collar on each bit marks the depth of the hole. —Powers Fasteners www. block. and delivers 17% more torque than the previous kit’s grinder. including the PaveSmart 3D. or developers who are responsible for the accuracy of the information. The company has cited the PaveSmart as helping eliminate the labor and cost of stringline. —Metabo Corporation www. and features Metabo’s VibraTech three-position side handle to reduce vibration levels. The new grinder offers a rated speed of 6600 rpm. a gaspowered tool capable of handling multiple applications in a variety of base materials.leica-geosystems. 1/2. are about to start paving a four-lane divided highway for the Iowa Department of Transportation. (10. The C5 Trak-It is ideal for attaching steel track. suppliers.com Information on the items reported in “Products & Practice” is furnished by the product manufacturers. (178 mm) Angle Grinder Surface Prep Kit to include the new W24-230 large angle grinder as well as the standard 7 in.9 lb (3. The bits take the place of the manual depth gauge on rotary hammers.
and concrete placing.com Peri Combines Formwork and Scaffold Systems The National University of Singapore constructed a three-building high-rise residential complex.generalequip. and an optional water mist control system. and adhesion properties make this USDA-approved. (76 mm) diameter vacuum port. —General Equipment Company www. —Sherwin-Williams www. EnviroLastic AL prevents yellowing and gloss reduction from UV light and offers elastomeric performance by bridging gaps up to 1/8 in. and is water-resistant and dust-proof. (200 mm) diameter dry cut-type diamond blades to produce smooth-sided cuts for proper crack ﬁlling procedures.Products & Practice GSSI Adds Dimension to StructureScan GSSI has added 3-D data collection to their StructureScan Mini system. A center-mounted blade conﬁguration lets the CS8 pivot around its own axis to more easily follow random crack patterns. crack bridging capability. reinforcement work. The 3-D addition allows results to be displayed on the device’s screen in three dimensions. which required quick construction to accommodate students and employees. and voids in concrete at depths of up to 16 in. The system locates reinforcing bars. (38 mm). www. General Equipment Company’s CS8 Random Crack Saw uses 8 in. using mobile climbing hydraulics to move and PERI UP reinforcement scaffolding to conduct forming. and pharmaceutical clean rooms. food and beverage plants. (13 mm). —PERI Formwork Systems. (410 mm). (3 mm) wide. a laser positioning system. a 3 in. conduits. as well as exterior tanks and silos at manufacturing facilities. Inc. The combination of weatherability. an aliphatic polyurea coating system that offers more color and gloss retention compared to traditional aromatic polyureas.com DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international Saw Eases Crack Filling Designed to follow random crack patterns in asphalt and concrete surfaces. a four-wheel drive survey encoder. Wall sections and rectangular columns were formed using the MAXIMO system. It also has an inﬁnitely adjustable blade-height control. which is intended to maximize blade life by minimizing undercutting.com EnviroLastic AL Gives Strength and Safety Sherwin-Williams introduced EnviroLastic AL.com 66 . which can be adapted to different building dimensions.sherwin-williams. post-tension cables. It also features an easy user interface. and maximum straight-line cutting depth is 1-1/2 in. The MAXIMO formwork was combined with PERI’s RCS rail climbing system to create moving units connected to the structure at all times. It also includes auto-target capabilities and automatically calculates the dielectric of the concrete to determine target depths.peri-usa.geophysical. Maximum cutting width is 1/2 in. seamless coating system suitable for interior and exterior walls and ceilings. —GSSI www. Engineers at PERI developed a formwork and scaffolding solution that would allow crane-independent climbing sequences while providing safe work platforms.
Products & Practice
Bekaert Creates Online Resource for Steel Fiber
Bekaert has launched Dramix® Club, an online information platform for those professionally involved in the use of steel ﬁbers. Bekaert aims to deliver support information, expert advice, tips, and ideas on a daily basis to make working with steel ﬁbers easier. The Web site includes a link to Dramix Drapro slab-on-ground calculation software for engineering offices, which provides calculations for steel-ﬁber concrete based on the yield line theory and ultimate limit states. The product library features a wide range of information available for free and kept up to date by Bekaert engineers. Additonally, Dramix Club has a reference database of steel-ﬁber projects from around the world and a section called Speakers’ Corner, offering text and video testimonials from building professionals putting their steel-ﬁber technology to use. To access the site, visit dramixclub.bekaert.com.
by Portland Cement Association For over 85 years, the Portland Cement Association (PCA)’s Design and Control of Concrete Mixtures has been the cement and concrete industry’s primary guide to applications, methods, and materials. The new, fully revised 15th edition highlights the many advances that have occurred in the past decade, while providing a current reference on the fundamentals of concrete technology and construction. Backed by PCA research, it addresses the essentials on freshly mixed and hardened concrete, including cements, supplementary cementitious materials, aggregates, admixtures, air-entrainment, mixture proportioning, batching, curing, hot- and cold-weather concreting, highperformance concrete, and control tests for quality concrete. Plus, four new chapters on sustainability, reinforcement, the properties of concrete, and durability reﬂect the latest information for the industry. The book includes instruction for using the most recent standards, speciﬁcations, test methods, and guides of ASTM International, the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, ACI, and the National Ready Mixed Concrete Association. This manual beneﬁts concrete producers, concrete contractors, and material suppliers and is a reference publication for many national and state certiﬁcation programs. Design and Control of Concrete Mixtures also meets the needs of architects, engineers, builders, and students. Portland Cement Association, Web site: www.cement.org $90, 444 pp.
Design and Control of Concrete Mixtures
Lafarge LEED Product Guide App
Lafarge North America’s new Lafarge LEED Product Guide App enhances design professionals’ use of the company’s Web-based interactive Lafarge Product Guide for LEED Project Certiﬁcation by allowing users to access the tool’s rich content via their Apple® iPhones and iPads. The App allows designers to bridge the gap between ideas and the necessary technical information to realize them. A designer can quickly use the App on his or her mobile device to research product speciﬁcations and determine how a product can serve a design concept. Additionally, users can contact the appropriate Lafarge product specialist on the spot. The App can be downloaded for free in the iTunes Store. —Lafarge North America www.lafarge-na.com
Concrete international DECEMBER 2011
Elemix® concrete additive by Syntheon, Inc. reduces the weight of concrete while maintaining its structural strength. Elemix is a lightweight synthetic particle used as a partial replacement for conventional normalweight or lightweight aggregate to reduce the weight of concrete while increasing concrete’s resistance to cracking and ﬁre and adding durability to freezing and thawing. In addition to extending the life cycle of concrete, it can also cut costs by reducing the weight of ﬂooring systems for a multi-story building and reducing the need for reinforcement. —Syntheon, Inc. www.syntheoninc.com
ProConcrete is a three-dimensional (3-D) CAD software tool to model, detail, and schedule reinforced concrete structures. The system allows concrete and reinforcing bars to be fully realized components of each project’s vision via building information modeling. Developed by Bentley Systems, Inc. and Applied Systems Associates, Inc., the software allows for quick and accurate modeling of all structural components, including reinforcing bars, mesh, connectors, and other accessories, as well as handling cast-in-place and precast concrete elements. The software also integrates with MicroStation®, AutoCAD®, Bentley’s Integrated Structural Model technology, and other 3-D tools. —Applied Systems Associates, Inc. www.asarebar.com
Veriﬁ LLC has launched the Veriﬁ® Disperse™ system, which enhances and extends the Verifi Process Control System by automatically adding water and dispersants to a concrete mixture while in transit. The automated slump management ensures that concrete will always arrive at the job site within the target slump rate. The system increases efficiency in concrete production and delivery and improves the control of concrete slump and other plastic properties due to the addition of admixtures much closer to the point of discharge. —Veriﬁ LLC www.veriﬁtechnologies.com
Concrete Canvas (CC) is a ﬂexible cement-impregnated fabric that hardens when hydrated to form a thin, durable, water- and ﬁreproof concrete layer. CC features a threedimensional ﬁber matrix containing a specially formulated dry concrete mix backed by PVC, and can be hydrated by spraying or by full immersion in water. It can be used for a variety of applications, including ditch lining, pipeline protection, and slope protection. CC is available in three thicknesses (0.2, 0.3, and 0.5 in. [5, 8, and 13 mm]) and comes in batched or bulk rolls. —Concrete Canvas Ltd. www.concretecanvas.co.uk
DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international
KemRok™ by Ceratech is a high-performance structural cement ideal for industrial infrastructure applications, secondary containment, and form-and-place projects. It can be placed in temperatures between 30 and 120°F (–1 and 49°C), has up to 6 hours of working time, is mixed and placed the same way as portland cement concrete, and can be ﬁnished using standard concrete ﬁnishing practices. KemRok has also been engineered for low permeability and high resistance to chemical attack, especially by sulfuric acid. —Ceratech www.ceratechinc.com
The Pro-Cretor high-pressure pump and mixer is a heavy-duty solution for shotcreting, pressure grouting, plastering, aggregate pool ﬁnishes, structural concrete repair, and refractory applications. The Pro-Cretor includes a 10 ft3 (0.3 m3) material mixer, a 3 in. (76 mm) full-ﬂow S-tube material valve with reversing capability, dual hardchrome-plated material cylinders, a variable-speed hydraulic piston pump with remote control, a diesel engine, and a heavy-duty trailer with hydraulic surge brakes. —Airplaco Equipment Company www.airplaco.com
Novomesh® 950 from Propex is a concrete fiber blend ideal for crack control in increased load-bearing situations. Novomesh was recently used in the construction of the SCS Data Center in Birmingham, AL. The design had extended control joints and the interior slab was used as a casting bed for tilt wall panels, which required a macrosynthetic fiber with excellent finishing properties. Novomesh 950 has a wider cross section than other types of macrosynthetic fibers, resulting in enhanced finishing characteristics. —Propex www.propexbrands.com
DW089K Line Laser
DEWALT released their DW089K three-beam line laser, ideal for use with commercial and residential projects. The device features a second plumb line that forms a 90-degree intersecting line on the ﬂoor and ceiling, removing the need for a second laser. The device also features a bright beam, is accurate within 1/8 in. (3 mm), and has a micro-adjust knob to move lines without moving the instrument. —DEWALT www.dewalt.com
Masonry Crack Stitching Kit
The Heliﬁx® Masonry Crack Stitching Kit provides an all-in-one solution for noninvasive crack stitching repair for all types of masonry and provides contractors with a fully concealed alternative to crack injection and teardown and rebuild. The kit includes several tools that allow contractors to repair and redirect stresses on damaged masonry areas and create a monolithic point to distribute loads. Included in the kit are HeliBars, stainless steel reinforcement wires; HeliBond, an injectable cementitious grout; a Heliﬁx Pointing Gun to inject the grout; and a Heliﬁx Brick Jointer for pointing and ﬁnishing. —Heliﬁx, Inc. www.heliﬁx.com
LNP Verton Composite Concrete Forms
Saudi Basic Industries Corporation (SABIC) Innovative Plastics and Meccano de México have developed one-piece reusable concrete forms made from SABIC’s LNP Verton long glass ﬁber-reinforced composite. The corrosion-resistant forms can replace traditional multi-piece steel forms, cutting cycle times from 3 hours to a few minues, and helping reduce overall construction costs for more affordable housing. The new forms have been used to create concrete panels for houses and come in a variety of sizes and conﬁgurations. —Saudi Basic Industries Corporation www.sabic-ip.com
SYNLIME™ Lime Free™ Cement Concentrates, developed by AdMix International, are patented powdered admixtures that replace lime used in stucco, plaster, grout, and mortar. One lb (0.45 kg) of Lime Free replaces 25 lb (11.25 kg) of hydrated lime and produces significantly higher psi levels. Lime Free Technology is recognized as a green building material and is biodegradable, noncaustic, noncorrosive, noncarcinogenic, and nontoxic. The formula does not contain any hydrated lime, nitrates, phosphates, phenols, or VOCs. —SYNLIME www.synlime.com 69
Concrete international DECEMBER 2011
shotcrete. visit www.So what are you still waiting for? It’s time to get your nozzlemen trained and certiﬁed! The American Shotcrete Association. in partnership with the American Concrete Institute.org or call (248) 848-3780. Provide your clients with the assurance that your nozzlemen have demonstrated that they have the capabilities to perform the job right—the first time! To learn more or to schedule an ASA training session and an ACI Shotcrete Nozzleman Certification examination. has developed a comprehensive program to upgrade the knowledge and skills of shotcrete nozzlemen and to facilitate ACI examination and certification. .
Putzmeister Honors Top Latin American Distributors
Putzmeister America named Tekno Bomba S.A., Buenos Aires, Argentina, and Metal Técnica S.A., Lima, Peru, as recipients of the President’s Award for Outstanding Performance. The award recognizes achievements in the promotion, sale, and after-sales service of Putzmeister products in Latin America and the Caribbean. The distributors are noted for continually promoting Putzmeister equipment and educating customers on how to best use it. CERATECH, Inc. (CTI) has accepted a strategic equity investment from Alpha Natural Resources. CTI’s cement manufacturing process produces technologically advanced sustainable cement using 95% waste ﬂy ash, which dramatically reduces landﬁll requirements. Alpha’s support is considered an endorsement that will aid CTI in discussions with leading U.S. utilities. Alpha feels that the investment ﬁts in with the company’s larger sustainability investments strategy and serves as a way of encouraging the development of new technologies that bring sustainable environmental beneﬁts to their utility customers. and the fourth-largest concrete producer in the U.S. The purchase also puts Argos’s installed capacity at 3.5 million tons (3.2 million tonnes) of cement and 13.1 million yd3 (10 million m3) of concrete per year.
Ceratech Receives Green Investment
Sakrete® continued its tradition of volunteerism and sponsorship as part of the Sakrete Sack™ Program with the completion of a playground at Winding Springs Elementary School in Charlotte, NC. For the ﬁfth year, Sakrete made both a monetary donation to the Charlotte Playground Build Program and in-kind donations consisting of volunteers to help with construction; 280 bags of Sakrete Fast Setting Concrete Mix; 25 bags of High Strength Concrete Mix; and 1610 bags of mulch from the Lawn and Garden division of Oldcastle, Sakrete’s parent company. Along with 40 other sponsoring businesses and 200 volunteers, Sakrete helped to construct the playground in less than 7 hours. Since the Sakrete Sack Program was launched in 2006, the company has made nearly $90,000 in cash contributions.
Sakrete Helps Build Charlotte, NC, Playground
Allen Engineering Honored as International Business Leader in Arkansas
SGH Acquires Engineering Firm, Expands Parking Engineering Services
Simpson Gumpertz & Heger (SGH) acquired Capobianco Consulting Engineers, LLC (CCE), a consulting engineering ﬁrm headquartered in Walthma, MA, which will expand SGH’s Parking Engineering Services. CCE specializes in design management and structural engineering for new parking structures. Facility owners, developers, and contractor-led design-build teams frequently hire CCE as the prime design consultant on parking structure projects to manage geotechnical, civil, structural, architectural, mechanical, and electrical engineering disciplines. CCE also manages numerous parking garage restoration projects and has speciﬁc expertise in designing precast parking garage components for precast manufacturers. SGH augments its national parking structure design and rehabilitation services that it provides to clients throughout the U.S. Correction It was incorrectly stated in the October 2011 “Industry Focus” that ERICO was celebrating its 50th anniversary. The company has actually been in business for over 100 years, whereas their reinforcing bar splicing products, including the LENTON® line, are commemorating 50 years. Visit www.erico.com for more information.
Concrete international DECEMBER 2011
Allen Engineering Corporation (AEC) was one of four Arkansas companies honored for being a leader in the state in international business and exporting. AEC is recognized for their aggressive pursuit of global opportunities through innovative tactics to capture market share, such as educating customers on what it takes to produce highquality concrete ﬂoors. This approach has kept AEC focused on local markets’ needs and attitudes, which has given them critical competitive advantages in more than 30 international markets. AEC was recognized in the small-/ medium-sized manufacturer/service exporter category (less than $50 million in total sales).
Argos Acquires Lafarge Assets in Southeast U.S.
Argos announced that it will acquire assets from Lafarge in the southeast U.S. to consolidate its presence in that market and vertically integrate its operations. Assets purchased include two cement plants with a total capacity of 3 million tons (2.7 million tonnes), 79 concrete plants throughout the southeast U.S., and a terminal with port facilities in Mobile, AL. The acquisitions position Argos as the second-largest cement producer in the southeast region
Sinopsis en español
Valoración de la conformidad de la resistencia en más de tres ejemplares de núcleos Bartlett, F. Michael y Lawler, John S., Concrete International, V. 33, No. 12, diciembre de 2011, págs. 46-49 El procedimiento actual previsto en la norma ACI 318-08 para la determinación in situ de la conformidad de la resistencia del hormigón con resultados de la prueba de resistencia en cilindros de baja calidad conlleva la obtención y la realización de pruebas en tres ejemplares de núcleos y aceptar el hormigón si la resistencia media de los núcleos es igual o superior a 0,85fc′ y si no se observa ninguna resistencia individual del núcleo inferior a 0,75fc′. Este artículo contempla los criterios de aceptación para muestras que incluyan más de tres pruebas de núcleos Presenta dos planteamientos para la determinación de una resistencia mínima adecuada y dos cálculos de ejemplo. Dimensiones de las paredes inclinadas y aclaración sobre la disposición de los empalmes mecánicos (RFI 11-10) Personal de CRSI, Concrete International, V. 33, No. 12, diciembre de 2011, págs. 51-55 El Detailing Corner de este mes analiza las dimensiones de las paredes inclinadas y su efecto sobre las barras de refuerzo. También ofrece una aclaración sobre el artículo de Concrete International de agosto de 2011, “Detalles de las columnas de hormigón”, en respuesta a un RFI de los miembros de la Comisión Conjunta 408 de ACI-ASCE, Desarrollo y disposición de las barras deformadas. Requisitos en práctica basados en el rendimiento Rankin, Dane; Alexander, David; y O’Brien, Patrick, Concrete International, V. 33, No. 12, diciembre de 2011, págs. 30-36 Diseñado por Skidmore, Owings y Merrill LLP (SOM), el Trump International Hotel & Tower (Torre Trump) es el edificio más alto de Estados Unidos desde la finalización de la icónica Torre Willis de SOM (antigua Torre Sears) en 1975. La estructura de hormigón del edificio se eleva a una altura de 354 m y su aguja alcanza los 423 m. Las demandas de este proyecto exigieron la creación de un equipo de personas con un alto nivel de capacitación y conocimientos, y con la firme voluntad por parte de cada uno de sus miembros de afrontar los retos con soluciones planteadas en equipo. El artículo analiza la colaboración entre la firma de ingeniería estructural (SOM), el contratista de hormigón (McHugh Construction) y el proveedor de hormigón (Prairie Material), lo que sin duda contribuyó al éxito del proyecto. Especificaciones para la reparación del hormigón: ¿Orientación o confusión? Snover, Robert M.; Vaysburd, Alexander M.; y Bissonnette, Benoit, Concrete International, V. 33, No. 12, diciembre de 2011, págs. 57-63 Redactar una especificación para la reparación del hormigón es una compleja labor de ingeniería que exige un exhaustivo conocimiento de ciencias, ingeniería y prácticas de campo, así como un alto nivel de responsabilidad por parte del redactor. Lamentablemente, muchas especificaciones para la reparación son una mezcla de normas de referencia, artículos y cláusulas copiadas y pegadas recicladas de anteriores proyectos con escasa atención a los detalles. Por consiguiente, el rápido fracaso de las reparaciones se ha convertido en un problema importante. Con especial atención a la durabilidad, la permeabilidad, la resistencia del material, la protección anticorrosión y la selección de los materiales de reparación, este artículo ofrece una revisión crítica de algunos de los requisitos y de los métodos de prueba actualmente especificados. Enclavamiento del confinamiento en espiral de las columnas rectangulares Yin, Samuel Yen-Liang; Wu, Tzu-Liang; Liu, Tony C.; Sheikh, Shamim A.; y Wang, Raymond, Concrete International, V. 33, No. 12, diciembre de 2011, págs. 38-45 Recientemente se ha desarrollado un innovador enclavamiento del confinamiento en multiespiral para las columnas rectangulares de hormigón. Este desarrollo incluyó la realización de pruebas y la valoración de un gran número de columnas de hormigón reforzadas de tamaño natural en compresión axial y en cargas cíclicas laterales. Los resultados de las pruebas presentados en este artículo certifican que las columnas con un enclavamiento del confinamiento en multiespiral muestran una mayor resistencia a la compresión, y una mayor ductilidad en comparación con las columnas con los aros rectilíneos tradicionales. El confinamiento en multiespiral demostró ser también el diseño más eficiente en términos de ensamblaje automático.
DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international
Structural Faults & Repair 2012
Meeting: Structural Faults & Repair 2012, July 3-5, 2012, The Royal College of Surgeons’ Hall, Edinburgh, UK. Solicited: Papers, special sessions, and mini symposia related to extending the life of bridges, use of composites, NDT and diagnostic techniques, repair, early-age testing of concrete, use of recycled construction materials, and reducing carbon footprint in repair and maintenance. More information on conference topics can be found at www.structuralfaultsandrepair.com. Requirements: Send 200-word abstract or session/ symposia outline by e-mail. Deadline: Abstracts and outlines are due by December 7, 2011. Send to: email@example.com. Meeting: Technical session on “Advancements in the Use of Building Information Modeling (BIM) Systems” at the ACI Fall 2012 Convention, October 21-25, 2012, in Toronto, ON, Canada. Solicited: Four to six 30-minute presentations focused on how BIM is being incorporated into project design and construction. The presentations should address the challenges of implementing this new technology into the project delivery process; the key beneﬁts that BIM has to offer in design, construction, and maintenance activities; and examples of how this new technology has been successfully implemented into real-life projects. Requirements: 1) Presentation title; 2) author/speaker name(s), title, affiliation, and contact information; and 3) abstract of 500 words maximum. Deadline: Abstracts are due by March 30, 2012. Send to: Neb Erakovic, Principal, Halcrow Yolles, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Meeting: Technical session on “Emerging Concrete Technologies” at the ACI Fall 2012 Convention, October 21-25, 2012, in Toronto, ON, Canada. Solicited: Six to ten 30-minute presentations on new and emerging technologies and materials that are being implemented in the concrete construction industry. These presentations might include subjects such as portland limestone cement, advances in concrete durability and service-life prediction, new admixtures/additives or innovative approaches to concrete mixture design with the potential to increase sustainability of concrete, and practical applications of nanotechnology related to concrete construction or repair. Requirements: 1) Presentation title; 2) author/speaker name(s), title, affiliation, and contact information; and 3) abstract of 500 words maximum. Deadline: Abstracts are due by March 30, 2012. Send to: Hannah Schell, Head, Concrete Section, Materials Engineering and Research Office, Ministry of Transportation of Ontario, e-mail: Hannah.Schell@ontario.ca.
Assessment and Upgrading of Infrastructure
Meeting: International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering Spring Conference, “Assessment, Upgrading, and Refurbishment of Infrastructures,” May 6-8, 2013, Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Solicited: Conference themes include load-carrying capacity and remaining service life of bridges, tunnels, and maritime structures; assessment of structural condition; modernization and refurbishment, including change of use, transformation or conservation, and structures of historic and architectural value; and materials and products. Requirements: Submit abstracts online at www.iabse2013rotterdam.nl/abstracts. Deadline: Abstracts are due by April 15, 2012. Contact: IABSE Spring Conference 2013, Kruisplein 40, 3012CC Rotterdam, telephone: +(31) 6-53403276, fax: +(31) 182-320517.
Building Information Modeling
Analysis and Design Issues in LiquidContaining Structures
Emerging Concrete Technologies
Meeting: Technical session on “Analysis and Design Issues in Liquid-Containing Structures” at the ACI Fall 2012 Convention, October 21-25, 2012, in Toronto, ON, Canada; sponsored by ACI Committee 350, Environmental Engineering Concrete Structures. Solicited: Papers on the latest analytical procedures, experimental ﬁndings, and construction practice issues related to liquid-containing structures are invited. Topics will include crack and leakage control criteria under hydrostatic and seismic loading, simpliﬁed and efficient design procedures, design code-related issues, and liquid-structure interaction effects. Requirements: 1) Presentation title; 2) author/speaker name(s), title, affiliation, and contact information; and 3) abstract of 500 words maximum. Deadline: Abstracts are due by May 30, 2012. Send to: Reza Kianoush, Ryerson University, e-mail: email@example.com.
Concrete international DECMBER 2011
Ahmedabad. Hyatt & Phoenix Convention Center.ac.org/AnnualMeeting2012/ AnnualMeeting2012.O.org RILEM International Conference on Strain Hardening Cementitious Composites. Las Vegas. Salt Lake City. contact: Event Services.chemspecevents. Japan www.org 2nd International Conference on Current Trends in Technology.ac. India www.cuee. Germany www. Canada.futureconcrete.rilem. Amsterdam.astm.titech.org 74 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international . Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting.worldofconcrete. DC www. Minneapolis.com MCAA Convention at World of Concrete. Sheraton Centre.org/SYMPOSIA/ ASTM International Committee Week.nuicone. Toronto. Luxor. Egypt www. 2012 — October 21-25. Hilton & Convention Center. UAE www.masoncontractors.php March 6-8 18-20 2012 CUEE Conference. MI 48333-9094 Telephone: (248) 848-3795 • E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org/conferences/ structures2012/ April 11-13 8-11 12-14 International Conference on Microdurability of Cementitious Composites.iabse-cairo2012. TX. Orlando.org/ 16-19 6th Middle East Symposium on Structural Composites for Infrastructure Applications 2011.concreteinternational.org/conferences/c2012/ 29-31 4-9 February 2-4 8-10 APFIS 2012: Third Asia Paciﬁc Conference on FRP Structures.nl/ Introduction.jp/Conference_ 2012/index.com NACE Corrosion Conference 2012. P. AZ. Tokyo. ON. MN. Hyatt Regency. Las Vegas.Meetings 2011 December 4 22-27 World of Concrete. PA www.com Structures Congress 2012.com for more listings For additional information. Sapporo. Tampa.com/usa/ 2012 January 22-26 Upcoming ACI Conventions 2012 — March 18-22.com 7-9 May 7-9 IABSE Conference.astm. NV www.de/ ICRI 2012 Spring Convention. FL www. Dubai.jp/maintenance/ APFIS2012/ NAHB International Builders’ Show. Washington.hipermat. QC.convention. Brazil www. Japan www. Tampa. UT events.tudelft. 2013 — April 14-17. Box 9094 Farmington Hills. Rio de Janiero. the Netherlands microdurability. Phoenix. ACI. Cairo. FL www.htm International Symposium on Ultra-High-Performance Concrete and Nanotechnology for HighPerformance Construction Materials. Canada www.aspx See the events calendar at www.net Future Concrete 2011. Chicago.com/ 8-9 Chemspec USA.org 11-15 ASTM International Symposium on Pervious Concrete. Quebec. FL www.mesc6-egypt. IL content.trb.buildersshow. Egypt www.asce. NV www.icri. 2013 — October 20-24.nace.hokudai.eng. Dallas. Philadelphia. Kassel.
CI Price $192. and Spanish (inch-pound units) The “Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete” (Code) covers the materials. design. Pavements. How Thick? Defect Free? ACT TO FIND OUT! Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 75 . Walls. and construction of structural concrete used in buildings and where applicable in nonbuilding structures. lateral load considerations. Format Inch-pound Metric (book) Spanish (metric) CD-ROM What’s Coming Winter 2011 Guide to a Simpliﬁed Design for Reinforced Concrete Buildings— ACI 314R-11 Order Code 31811.50 (ACI members $116) Spanish (inch-pound) 318SUS11CD. Spanish (metric).What’s New Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete and Commentary (versions available in inch-pound units. Included is information on typical posttensioned ﬂoor systems. preliminary design tables for estimation of material quantities.CI CD-ROM Guide for Design of Post-Tensioned Buildings (published by the Post-Tensioning Institute. proper design and detailing for constructibility and to minimize restrain to shortening due to stiff vertical elements. Tunnel Linings. structural observation.CI 318S11CD. Order Code: GDPTB. 2011) This guide provides basic knowledge about post-tensioning design and construction and is primarily intended for design professionals but also for others involved with the design and construction of post-tensioned concrete buildings.CI Pages: 73 Price: $75 (no discount on industry publications) Test Concrete Slabs. Footings.CI 318M11. The Code also covers the strength evaluation of existing concrete structures. metric. and ﬁeld inspection.
MI 48333-9094.50 ($116. Air = $15.99 $150 .99. USA Phone: 248-848-3800. Member/Customer Services.00 All Other Intl.concrete.O. Standard (7-10 bus.50 ($116.99 $250 .00 Canada/Mexico Air = $10.CI $192.49.org No. days) $9.699.99 $350 . Fax: 248-848-3801.50 ($116.00 ACI members) ____ 318SUS11CD. Box 9094.S.00 ACI members) Please feel free to copy this form ACI. Fax: 248-848-3801 76 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international .S./Item/Price* ____ 31811.99 $200 .S.Bookshelf Publications Order Form No.Required for Member Rate Charge to my ACI Account (Members Only) Check enclosed # The following shipping and handling charges apply to all orders: Do not duplicate telephone / FAX orders by mail. Farmington Hills. Funds) $ COMPANY ADDRESS CITY ZIP/POSTAL CODE E-MAIL COUNTRY STATE/PROVINCE PHONE FAX TOTAL MEmBEr REfErENcE NumBEr . P.00 U.1500 Must Ship U.00 .CI $192.00 $13.00 $9.S.order by telephone or fax! Phone: 248-848-3800. 2011.149.CI $192.50 ($116. Offers expire December 31. Media (book) Mail (3-4 weeks) $8./Item/Price* ____ 318S11CD.00 $11. For faster service .00 ACI members) No.00 ACI members) ____ GDPTB. Standard U. Standard = $9. Charge my Visa MasterCard EXP.99 $100 .249.199./Item/Price* ____ 318M11.CI $75.00 $11. DATE ACCOUNT NUMBER Order Amount Up To: less than $25 $25 .349.00 Other ship methods—Please call ACI Please contact ACI Member/Customer Services Department for purchase over $1500 or for expedited delivery rates.99 $50.99 $700 .CI $192.00 (No discounts on industry publications) Please send me a free copy of the 2011 ACI Publications & Services Catalog Please send me ACI Membership information DATE NAME TITLE Please TYpe or Print SUBTOTAL Shipping/handling charges (see below) Canadian residents add 5% GST (126213149RT) Michigan residents add 6% sales tax (U. Web: www.S.00 15% 12% 11% 10% 9% 8% Canada & International Airmail 27% 27% 27% 27% 27% 27% 27% 27% 27% SIGNATURE CD-ROM Orders Per Item: U.
Fox Industries. BASF Construction Chemicals Cementec Industries Inc. BASF Construction Chemicals CHRYSO. Gemite Products Inc. Silica Co.concreteinternational. Fritz-Pak Corp.Concrete Product Guide T he Concrete International Concrete Product Guide is provided to help contractors and design professionals find manufacturers of products used in concrete construction. Sika Corporation Color pigment: ASTM C979. Inc. Inc. Inc. Inc. Inc. Main headings indicate general product categories (for example. Inc. Inc. Inc. High-range. Admixtures). Inc. Inc. Vitro Minerals Set-accelerating corrosioninhibiting Aquron Corporation International BASF Construction Chemicals CHRYSO. RoMix Chemical & Brush. Inc. Construcolor USA. BASF Construction Chemicals CHRYSO. Construcolor USA. The Euclid Chemical Co. Quikrete RoMix Chemical & Brush. Grace Construction Products International Admixtures. Inc. The Euclid Chemical Co. Gemite Products Inc. Chaotic Pigments Construcolor USA. CHRYSO. Inc. Inc. Grace Construction Products Quikrete RoMix Chemical & Brush. color-stable. Inc. and resistant to lime and other alkalis BASF Construction Chemicals Bon Tool Butterﬁeld Color. Type F BASF Construction Chemicals CHRYSO. Inc. Fritz-Pak Corp. Grace Construction Products Quikrete RoMix Chemical & Brush. Inc. Proline Concrete Tools Quikrete STARDEK Mineral ﬁllers Black Lab LLC Cementec Industries Inc. 91. Inc. Inc. and subheadings indicate specific product types (for example. Inc. The Euclid Chemical Co. Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. CTS Cement Manufacturing Corp. ADMIXTURES Accelerating: ASTM C494. Fritz-Pak Corp. Inc. Inc. Inc. RoMix Chemical & Brush. fully searchable guide with links to supplier Web sites is online at www. Grace Construction Products International Admixtures. Grace Construction Products International Admixtures. Permeability-reducing Aquron Corporation International Barrier-1. Inc. Grace Construction Products International Admixtures. Shrinkage-reducing Aquron Corporation International Barrier-1. Companies indicated in red are advertisers in this issue of CONcRETE INTERNaTiONaL. For instant reference. CHRYSO. Inc. Headwaters Resources Sika Corporation Sika Greenstreak Vitro Minerals Xypex Chemical Corp. Please note: an expanded. Cortec Corp The Euclid Chemical Co. BASF Construction Chemicals CHRYSO. Inc. Gemite Products Inc. Grace Construction Products International Admixtures. The Euclid Chemical Co. Inc. Gemite Products Inc. Ltd.S. RoMix Chemical & Brush. Type B BASF Construction Chemicals CHRYSO. Duraﬁber Inc. Inc. Grace Construction Products Headwaters Resources International Admixtures. The Euclid Chemical Co. Inc. M. The Euclid Chemical Co. Fox Industries. Sika Corporation Air-entraining: ASTM C260 BASF Construction Chemicals Cal-Cert Company CHRYSO. Headwaters Resources Norchem. Fritz-Pak Corp. L. Inc. Fox Industries. Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 77 . Gemite Products Inc. Fritz-Pak Corp. Sika Corporation High-range. Type C Aquron Corporation International BASF Construction Chemicals ChemMasters.com. Sika Corporation Check out the Concrete Knowledge Center at www. Sika Corporation Non-set-accelerating corrosion-inhibiting BASF Construction Chemicals CHRYSO. Inc. The Euclid Chemical Co. Contact information for companies listed under subheadings can be found in the Company Directory starting on p. Sika Corporation ASR-inhibiting Barrier-1. Water Reducers). Inc. Inc. Fox Industries. Scoﬁeld Company LANXESS Corp. Sika Corporation Vexcon Chemicals. nonfading. Grace Construction Products International Admixtures. Inc. synthetic mineral-oxide pigments or colored water-reducing admixtures.concrete. Ltd. Inc. Cortec Corp. water-reducing and retarding: ASTM C494. Dynamic Color Solutions. Inc. Grace Construction Products Interstar Materials. Sika Corporation Retarding: ASTM C494. we’ve highlighted this issue’s advertisers in red. Inc. Fritz-Pak Corp. water-reducing: ASTM C494. Davis Colors Dur-A-Flex. Kryton International Inc. Dur-A-Flex. MAPEI Nycon Corp. RoMix Chemical & Brush. U. Inc. Inc. Type G CHRYSO. Inc. Inc.org Specialty Barrier-1. Ltd. Fox Industries. Inc. allowing readers to obtain detailed product information.
Concrete Accessories. Fritz-Pak Corp. Inc.S. LLC Super-Krete International Versatile Building Products. Inc. Votorantim Cement North America Atlas Construction Supply Dayton Superior Dur-A-Flex. BASF Construction Chemicals ChemMasters. Inc. Post-installed (adhesive) Latex bonding agent Epoxy bonding agent Post-installed (expansion) AGGREGATES Architectural Black Lab LLC CEMEX Chase Construction Products Elite Crete Votorantim Cement North America GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Hilti. Damtite Waterprooﬁng Dayton Superior Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Inc. GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Meadow Burke Products Powers Fasteners. Inc. Prime Source Building Products SpecChem. Cortec Corp The Euclid Chemical Co. Vexcon Chemicals. Inc. BONDBREAKERS Lightweight Black Lab LLC Chemically reactive Atlas Construction Supply Dayton Superior Adhesives Technology Corp. Nox-Crete Products Group RoMix Chemical & Brush. Grace Construction Products International Admixtures. MEADOWS. Type D BASF Construction Chemicals CHRYSO. Inc. MEADOWS. Inc. Fritz-Pak Corp. Inc. Scoﬁeld Company RoMix Chemical & Brush. Inc. Inc. Inc. Scoﬁeld Company RoMix Chemical & Brush. Clemons Concrete Coatings Construcolor USA. Inc. Inc. LLC Williams Form Engineering Corp. Fox Industries. LLC Versatile Building Products. Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals Chase Construction Products ChemCo Systems ChemMasters. Colored Black Lab LLC CEMEX Elite Crete Quikrete The Sherwin Williams Co.R. Inc. Sika Corporation SpecChem. Inc. Fox Industries. Inc. Inc. Inc. M. The Euclid Chemical Co. Fox Industries. Decon USA. M. Viscosity-modifying BASF Construction Chemicals CHRYSO. Fox Industries. Sika Corporation Black Lab LLC CEMEX Dur-A-Flex. Gemite Products Inc. Inc. The Euclid Chemical Co. Inc. Gerdau Grace Construction Products Kaufman Products. Grace Construction Products Kaufman Products. BONDING AGENTS Copolymer emulsions BASF Construction Chemicals ChemMasters. Quikrete The Sherwin Williams Co. Inc. LLC Williams Form Engineering Corp.com Companies indicated in red are advertisers in this issue of CONcRETE INTERNaTiONaL. Kaufman Products. Inc. Inc. MEADOWS. Gemite Products Inc. RoMix Chemical & Brush. Nox-Crete Products Group Quikrete Sika Corporation SpecChem. Larsen Products Corp. Sika Corporation STARDEK W. Inc. LLC STARDEK Transpo Industries. ANCHORS Water-reducing and retarding: ASTM C494. Wall Firma. Inc. Inc. L. Salt River Materials Group/ Phoenix Cement™ ® SYNTHEON Elemix Concrete Additive Votorantim Cement North America Dur-A-Flex. SpecChem. Grace Construction Products International Admixtures. Inc. Inc. Inc. Inc. Williams Form Engineering Corp.R. Hohman & Barnard. Inc. Meadow Burke Products Powers Fasteners.Concrete Product Guide The Euclid Chemical Co. L. Nox-Crete Products Group Quikrete SpecChem. Gemite Products Inc. Dayton Superior GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Hilti. Inc. ITW Red Head. Fritz-Pak Corp. Inc. Inc. Inc. Cortec Corp Dayton Superior Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Epoxy-modiﬁed cementitious bonding and anti-corrosion AP/M Permaform Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals ChemMasters. Grace Construction Products Kryton International Inc. Versatile Building Products. Wall Firma. Fritz-Pak Corp. CEMENTITIOUS MATERIALS Blended hydraulic cement Ash Grove Cement Company Black Lab LLC Find expanded article content at www. Sika Corporation Carolina Stalite Company Chase Construction Products Elite Crete Lafarge Northeast Solite Corp. Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. 78 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international . Fox Industries. Inc. Wagman Metal Products Inc. Ltd. Type A BASF Construction Chemicals CHRYSO. Dayton Superior Dur-A-Flex. L&M Construction Chemicals Miracote by Crossﬁeld Products Corp. Inc. ITW Red Head. INC. W. Inc.R. Grace Construction Products International Coatings. Nox-Crete Products Group RoMix Chemical & Brush. INC. Gemite Products Inc. Inc. Inc. Nox-Crete Products Group Quikrete Sika Corporation SpecChem. Kaufman Products. Hohman & Barnard. Sika Corporation Adhesives Technology Corp. Vexcon Chemicals. Grace Construction Products Sika Corporation Membrane-forming Silica sand Water-reducing: ASTM C494. Inc. Inc. INC. Inc. Inc. Mar-Flex Waterprooﬁng and Building Systems Powers Fasteners. STARDEK U.concrete international. Inc. L&M Construction Chemicals Miracote by Crossﬁeld Products Corp. Inc. Inc. Damtite Waterprooﬁng Dayton Superior Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Kaufman Products. Inc. Grace Construction Products International Coatings. W. Gemite Products Inc. LLC Vexcon Chemicals. Inc. Silica Co. Miracote by Crossﬁeld Products Corp. STARDEK Vitro Minerals Votorantim Cement North America Preinstalled CONAC.
Inc. quality control. MEADOWS. and economic impacts of using concrete in sustainable development. Holcim (US) Inc. Inc. proportioning. Inc. among several others. CEMEX Headwaters Resources Lafarge Quikrete Salt River Materials Group/ Phoenix Cement™ Separation Technologies LLC Metakaolin and white pozzolans Advanced Cement Technologies Black Lab LLC Burgess Pigment Co. Lafarge MAPEI Quikrete Salt River Materials Group/ Phoenix Cement™ SpecChem. LLC Votorantim Cement North America Headwaters Resources Lafarge Norchem. Concrete Sustainability: Incorporating Environmental. plastic and in-service properties. identify “greenwashing” in the marketplace. Damtite Waterprooﬁng Dayton Superior Elite Crete Hacker Industries. INC. transporting.R. Quikrete Sika Corporation Slag cement Ash Grove Cement Company Holcim (US) Inc. Lafarge Quikrete Salt River Materials Group/ Phoenix Cement™ Suwannee American Cement. and heat-island effect. Participants will study common deﬁnitions of sustainability. CEMEX Headwaters Resources Holcim (US) Inc. and placing. Grace Construction Products Fly ash (Type C) Ash Grove Cement Company Black Lab LLC Boral Material Technologies. and identify strategies for the integration of concrete in sustainable development. Topics include the use of industrial by-products. cementitious material used primarily as backﬁll in place of compacted ﬁll. LLC Votorantim Cement North America W. CHRYSO. social. Quikrete Portland cement Fly ash (Type F) Ash Grove Cement Company Black Lab LLC Boral Material Technologies. with a special emphasis on the concrete industry. This course covers the basics of CLSM technology. and Economic Aspects This course provides an in-depth study of topics related to the environmental. mixing. Grace Construction Products Lafarge Quikrete Salt River Materials Group/ Phoenix Cement™ Vitro Minerals Ash Grove Cement Company Black Lab LLC CEMEX Elite Crete Federal White Cement Hacker Industries. $64 members CLSM (also known as ﬂowable ﬁll) is a self-consolidating. including materials used to produce CLSM. Inc. Social. Inc. Inc.org Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 79 . Lafarge Quikrete Salt River Materials Group/ Phoenix Cement™ Silica fume Advanced Cement Technologies BASF Construction Chemicals Black Lab LLC Cementec Industries Inc. storm-water management. Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Kaufman Products. Lafarge Quikrete Votorantim Cement North America Specialty cements Black Lab LLC CEMEX CTS Cement Manufacturing Corp. thermal mass. Inc. and common applications.Concrete Product Guide CEMEX ChemMasters. eLearning Now Available: Controlled Low-Strength Material (CLSM) Fundamentals 0. understand the three pillars of sustainability. Lafarge Companies indicated in red are advertisers in this issue of CONcRETE INTERNaTiONaL. Damtite Waterprooﬁng Elite Crete Hacker Industries. $80 nonmembers. longevity. Visit our Web site: ACIeLearning. Inc. Kaufman Products. Inc.2 CEU or (2 PDH). Holcim (US) Inc. Inc. Coming Soon: Concrete Sustainability: Basics This course provides an introduction to the subject of sustainability.
L. Inc.R. Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals Bon Tool Butterﬁeld Color. L&M Construction Chemicals L. MEADOWS. Gerdau Kaufman Products. Nox-Crete Products Group Quikrete RoMix Chemical & Brush. Inc.S. Inc. STRUCTUREPOINT Tekla GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Gerdau Kaufman Products. W. MIDASoft Inc. Inc. Inc. 80 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international . Ltd. Inc. Inc. GDB Software. Reef Industries Sika Greenstreak Structural design ADAPT Corp. GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Gerdau Interstar Materials. Ltd. MIDASoft Inc. GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Gerdau Kaufman Products. Inc. Kaufman Products. COMPUTER SOFTWARE Building information modeling (BIM) ADAPT Corp. MEADOWS. Inc.org CURING MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT Absorptive cover (e. Ytterberg Scientiﬁc Inc. Clemons Concrete Coatings Dur-A-Flex. MIDASoft Inc. Clemons Concrete Coatings Dayton Superior The Euclid Chemical Co. M. Management Bentley Systems. MEADOWS. Inc. W. INC. STARDEK Tekla Vertigraph Inc. Takeoff and Estimating Software WinEstimator. Hilti. Marcotte Systems. Inc. Clemons Concrete Coatings Davis Colors Dayton Superior Dur-A-Flex. RexCon Spectra QEST Cure-and-seal compounds AP/M Permaform Aquron Corporation International Artcrete. King Packaged Materials Co. Scoﬁeld Company Marshalltown Company Foggers Allen Engineering Corporation FORNEY LP QA/QC Ground heaters Powerblanket Wacker Neuson Corporation Allen Face & Company LLC Bentley Systems. RexCon Spectra QEST U. Inc. Inc. Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals Bon Tool Butterﬁeld Color. Inc. Inc. INC. Inc. MEADOWS. Inc. Inc.R. INC. Inc. Inc. Curing compounds (water-based) Aquron Corporation International Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals Bon Tool Cementec Industries Inc. Moisture retaining-cover (waterproof paper) Atlas Construction Supply Companies indicated in red are advertisers in this issue of CONcRETE INTERNaTiONaL. LLC W. Inc.Concrete Product Guide STARDEK Votorantim Cement North America Wall Firma. Inc. Inc. INC. Inc. Scoﬁeld Company Marshalltown Company SpecChem. Elite Crete Foundation Software. Computers & Structures. W. CHRYSO. Internal curing agents Cementec Industries Inc. Inc. Inc. SpecChem. Inc. ChemMasters. or synthetic-polyethylene sheet) Atlas Construction Supply GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring PNA Construction Technologies Inc. Moisture retaining-cover (burlap-. Bekaert Bentley Systems. Chase Construction Products ChemMasters. Dimensional Solutions. RJ Lee Group Tekla WinEstimator. Inc. Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Curing compounds (solvent-based) AP/M Permaform Artcrete. ChemMasters. Inc. burlap) Atlas Construction Supply Gerdau Raven Industries—Engineered Films Estimating Bentley Systems. Bentley Systems. Colored curing compounds BASF Construction Chemicals Butterﬁeld Color. ChemMasters. Don’t forget to order your ACI 2012 Manual of Concrete Practice at www. Ltd. Doka International ENERCALC. Inc. SpecChem. Inc. Inc. Clemons Concrete Coatings Davis Colors Dayton Superior Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. M. L&M Construction Chemicals L. LLC Vexcon Chemicals. ChemMasters. LLC STARDEK W. cellulose-. Inc. Powers Fasteners. Fox Industries. Inc.R. Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. M. LLC Vexcon Chemicals. Inc. Inc. CHRYSO.. Inc. Inc. INC.R.concrete. Inc. GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Gerdau Kaufman Products. Ltd. Payroll4Construction Tekla Mixture proportioning BASF Construction Chemicals BMH Systems Elite Crete Logicsphere Limited Marcotte Systems. Scoﬁeld Company Marshalltown Company Nox-Crete Products Group Quikrete RoMix Chemical & Brush. Cortec Corp Davis Colors Dayton Superior Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. LLC STARDEK Vexcon Chemicals. Pile Dynamics Inc. Evaporation retarders (monomolecular ﬁlm) AP/M Permaform Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals Bon Tool Cementec Industries Inc. Clemons Concrete Coatings Construcolor USA. Inc. Fox Industries. Inc. L&M Construction Chemicals Nox-Crete Products Group Sika Corporation SpecChem. GDB Software. MEADOWS. Cementec Industries Inc. L&M Construction Chemicals Marshalltown Company Niagara Protective Coatings Nox-Crete Products Group SpecChem.R. Marcotte Systems. Interactive Design Systems (IDS) MIDASoft Inc. Silica Co. Inc. Computers & Structures. Inc. Inc.g. Inc. Northeast Solite Corp. RISA Technologies Sensors and Software. Inc. Concrete Reinforcing Steel Institute Decon USA Inc. Foundation Software.
DeWALT Diamond Products Ltd. Co. Reliable Diamond Tool. Inc. Humboldt Mfg.CI (Text format) ASCC105CD. Inc.CI (CD format) ASCC105MP3. or running between projects. or MP3 (Both audio formats include a 75-page printed book of photos. Inc. Inc. Rotary hammer drills Concut. HTC. Diamond Products Ltd. Elite Crete Grinding and grooving machines (walk-behind) Concut.Concrete Product Guide Weather meters Kestrel Pocket Weather Meters Test Mark Industries.concrete. MAX USA Grinding and grooving machines (handheld) Concut. Spanish text version coming soon! Order today! www. Educate yourself or your employees on quality concrete construction techniques and practices while waiting in a vehicle. Inc. Inc. and checklists) Spanish text version available now! The best-selling Contractor’s Guide to Quality Concrete Construction is now available in CD and MP3 audio formats. Inc. Husqvarna Construction Products Milwaukee Electric Tool Prime Source Building Products Reliable Diamond Tool.00 (ACI members $21. Inc. tables. Inc. Inc. Inc. Inc. Elite Crete Engrave-A-Crete. Husqvarna Construction Products Metabo Milwaukee Electric Tool Reliable Diamond Tool. Co. Inc.org – 248-848-3800 Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 81 . Inc. Diamond Products Ltd. Metabo Milwaukee Electric Tool Pengineer AS SMITH Manufacturing WerkMaster General Equipment Company HTC. Humboldt Mfg. traveling to and from work. Oztec Industries. CHIPPING. Inc. ACI Resources for Contractors and Craftsmen Contractor’s Guide to Quality Concrete Construction. HTC.CI Price: $35. Inc. Inc. DeWALT Elite Crete Grand Master Tools Hilti. The third edition includes more of the up-to-date information that concrete craftsmen need to know to produce quality flatwork. Bushhammers Bon Tool Coring bits Concut. FORNEY LP Hilti. Spanish text version coming soon! Order Code: ASCC105. 6-CD set. Elite Crete E-Z Drill FORNEY LP Hilti. Inc. Pengineer AS SMITH Manufacturing Rivet busters Atlas Copco Construction Mining Technique LLC Concut. Pengineer AS Reliable Diamond Tool.50 (ACI members $38. SMITH Manufacturing WerkMaster CUTTING. DeWALT Elite Crete Grand Master Tools Hilti.00) This primary reference for the ACI Concrete Flatwork Finisher and Technician Certification programs was completely revised and rewritten in 2010. Inc. Metabo Milwaukee Electric Tool Wacker Neuson Corporation Coring drills Atlas Copco Construction Mining Technique LLC Concut. AND GRINDING EQUIPMENT Chipping hammers Atlas Copco Construction Mining Technique LLC Concut. Sioux Corporation Grinding and grooving machines (ride-on) Concut. DeWALT Elite Crete Hilti. Hydrodemolition and water-jetting equipment Aqua Blast Corp.CI (MP3 format) Price: $68. DeWALT Diamond Products Ltd.00) Format: Text. Inc. now available in text and audiobook versions. Inc. Companies indicated in red are advertisers in this issue of CONcRETE INTERNaTiONaL. figures. Inc. NLB Corp. Concrete Craftsman Series 1—Slabs-on-Ground Order Code: CCS110. Inc.
Diamond Products Ltd. FIBER REINFORCEMENT Blended ﬁber systems (synthetic/steel) ABC Polymer Industries. Engrave-A-Crete. Inc. Inc. STARDEK WerkMaster Saws (handheld) Atlas Copco Construction Mining Technique LLC Concut. Reliable Diamond Tool. Custom Rock Formliner Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Inc. MAPEI Nycon Corp. DeWALT Diamond Products Ltd. Duraﬁber Inc. Inc. Inc. Inc. Inc. Atlas Construction Supply Bon Tool Butterﬁeld Color. Inc. SMITH Manufacturing WerkMaster Cellulose ﬁber Black Lab LLC Duraﬁber Inc. Inc. Inc. Inc. Inc. Elite Crete Maccaferri. glass. Sandblast engraving machines Elite Crete Engrave-A-Crete. DeWALT Diamond Products Ltd. Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Reliable Diamond Tool. Elite Crete Engrave-A-Crete. Inc. L. STARDEK Sustainable Paving Systems. Inc. Shotblasting equipment DeWALT Elite Crete Engrave-A-Crete. Kraft Tool Co. Inc. Inc. LLC BASF Construction Chemicals Bekaert Duraﬁber Inc. Inc. Hughes Brothers Inc. Husqvarna Construction Products Companies indicated in red are advertisers in this issue of CONcRETE INTERNaTiONaL. Inc. Inc. Inc. The Euclid Chemical Co. Husqvarna Construction Products Marshalltown Company PNA Construction Technologies Inc. LLC Chomarat North America Duraﬁber Inc. Gerdau Kraft Tool Co. SMITH Manufacturing Marshalltown Company Proline Concrete Tools Scott System Inc. The Sherwin Williams Co. Inc. STARDEK Wacker Neuson Corporation Concut. The Sherwin Williams Co. Inc. Inc. Inc. Scoﬁeld Company The Sherwin Williams Co. Inc. Elite Crete General Equipment Company Reliable Diamond Tool. The Euclid Chemical Co. Inc. Husqvarna Construction Products Milwaukee Electric Tool Prime Source Building Products Wacker Neuson Corporation ABC Polymer Industries. Nycon Corp. The Sherwin Williams Co. FORTIUS Saws (wall-mounted) Concut. Inc. Optimet Concrete Products. Inc. Propex Concrete Systems Pattern or texture rollers Artcrete. Optimet Concrete Products. Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. aramid) DECORATIVE CONCRETE MATERIALS AND TOOLS Brushes/brooms Atlas Construction Supply Bon Tool DeWALT Elite Crete Engrave-A-Crete. Inc. Inc. Atlas Construction Supply Bomanite Bon Tool Butterﬁeld Color. 82 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international . LLC Saws (ride-on) Concut. Maccaferri. Inc. PileMedic by QuakeWrap. Specialty ﬁber (carbon. General Equipment Company Reliable Diamond Tool. Duraﬁber Inc. Elite Crete Engrave-A-Crete. Inc. Fitzgerald Formliners Gerdau Kraft Tool Co. M. Gerdau Marshalltown Company NewLook International. Inc. Stencils Artcrete.Concrete Product Guide Milwaukee Electric Tool Prime Source Building Products Wacker Neuson Corporation Scabblers Saw blades Atlas Copco Construction Mining Technique LLC Concut. Inc. Inc. Marshalltown Company NewLook International. M. Inc. Hand engraving tools DeWALT Elite Crete Engrave-A-Crete. Propex Concrete Systems Quikrete Sika Corporation STRUCTURAL Synthetic ﬁber (ﬁbrillated) ABC Polymer Industries. FORTIUS Maccaferri. The Euclid Chemical Co. Elite Crete Engrave-A-Crete. Gerdau Hilti. Gerdau Haivala Concrete Tools. MAPEI Mar-Flex Waterprooﬁng and Building Systems Nycon Corp. Husqvarna Construction Products Milwaukee Electric Tool PNA Construction Technologies Inc. Prime Source Building Products Reliable Diamond Tool.. The Sherwin Williams Co. Inc. Inc. CTS Cement Manufacturing Corp. The Euclid Chemical Co. Inc. Nycon Corp. Gerdau Grand Master Tools Hilti. DeWALT Diamond Products Ltd. Inc. RoMix Chemical & Brush. Inc. General Equipment Company Grand Master Tools Hilti. STARDEK Scarifying machines Platform stamps Atlas Construction Supply Butterﬁeld Color. STARDEK Wagman Metal Products Inc. Inc. Inc. Wacker Neuson Corporation ABC Polymer Industries. Husqvarna Construction Products Diamond engraving machines Concut. Quikrete STRUCTURAL Steel ﬁber Texture mats or skins Artcrete. STARDEK Saws (table) Concut. Fitzgerald Formliners Gerdau Kraft Tool Co. Proline Concrete Tools STARDEK Saws (walk-behind) Concut. L. LLC CHRYSO. LLC BASF Construction Chemicals Bekaert Black Lab LLC CHRYSO. Propex Concrete Systems Quikrete Sika Corporation Concut. FORTA Corporation FORTIUS Grace Construction Products Interstar Materials. DeWALT Diamond Products Ltd. Inc. Inc. Inc. Bon Tool Butterﬁeld Color. Elite Crete Engrave-A-Crete. Scoﬁeld Company Marshalltown Company Proline Concrete Tools Scott System Inc. PNA Construction Technologies Inc. Elite Crete FORTIUS Fortress Stabilization Systems Gemite Products Inc.
W. Miracote by Crossﬁeld Products Corp. Vexcon Chemicals. Inc. Fortress Stabilization Systems Fox Industries. Optimet Concrete Products. Inc. Inc. Niagara Protective Coatings Nox-Crete Products Group Proline Concrete Tools Quikrete RoMix Chemical & Brush. Inc.R. Nycon Corp. MEADOWS. Inc. Inc. Fox Industries. HTC. Inc. Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 83 . Coatings (urethane) Andek Corporation Arizona Polymer Flooring Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals Black Lab LLC ChemMasters. Century Stone. Inc. Inc. Kaufman Products. Inc. Vexcon Chemicals. Niagara Protective Coatings Nox-Crete Products Group Paciﬁc Polymer Proline Concrete Tools The Sherwin Williams Co. Inc. Inc. Sika Corporation SkimStone/Rudd Company. LLC BASF Construction Chemicals Bekaert Black Lab LLC CHRYSO. M. Elite Crete Engrave-A-Crete. Andek Corporation Arizona Polymer Flooring Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals Black Lab LLC ChemCo Systems ChemMasters. ChemMasters. Quikrete SEK Surebond Corporation The Sherwin Williams Co. Interstar Materials. INC. STARDEK Super-Krete International United Coatings Versatile Building Products. MEADOWS. Vexcon Chemicals. The Euclid Chemical Co. Inc. ChemMasters. Propex Concrete Systems Quikrete Sika Corporation Coatings (epoxy) FLOOR AND SLAB TREATMENTS Acid stains Arizona Polymer Flooring Artcrete. SkimStone/Rudd Company. Gemite Products Inc. NewLook International. Wall Firma. BASF Construction Chemicals Bomanite Bon Tool Butterﬁeld Color. Inc. Inc. Scoﬁeld Company MAPEI Marshalltown Company Miracote by Crossﬁeld Products Corp. Gerdau H&C Decorative Concrete Products International Coatings. Inc. Interstar Materials. Inc. Synthetic ﬁber (macropolymeric) ABC Polymer Industries. Inc. Damtite Waterprooﬁng Dayton Superior Dur-A-Flex. Dayton Superior Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Bomanite Bon Tool Butterﬁeld Color. Kaufman Products. NewLook International. Interstar Materials. Cortec Corp Duckback Products Dur-A-Flex. Inc. MEADOWS. LLC BASF Construction Chemicals Bekaert Black Lab LLC CHRYSO. L&M Construction Chemicals Marshalltown Company Proline Concrete Tools Companies indicated in red are advertisers in this issue of CONcRETE INTERNaTiONaL. INC. Inc. Inc. Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Inc. CTS Cement Manufacturing Corp. SEK Surebond Corporation The Sherwin Williams Co. Inc. Clemons Concrete Coatings Cortec Corp Dayton Superior Dur-A-Flex. SpecChem. Gerdau H&C Decorative Concrete Products International Coatings. W. Inc. Inc. Inc. Inc. Miracote by Crossﬁeld Products Corp. Inc. Inc. Inc. Duraﬁber Inc. W. Niagara Protective Coatings Nox-Crete Products Group Paciﬁc Polymer Dry shake (emery or metallic) Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals Black Lab LLC Bomanite ChemMasters. Ltd. Clemons Concrete Coatings Construcolor USA. Cortec Corp Duraﬁber Inc. Inc. Inc. Ltd.Concrete Product Guide Quikrete Sika Corporation Reliable Diamond Tool. INC. M. Inc. NewLook International. LLC STARDEK United Coatings Versatile Building Products. Propex Concrete Systems Sika Corporation Cementitious overlayments Arizona Polymer Flooring Artcrete. The Euclid Chemical Co. Inc. Elite Crete Engrave-A-Crete. Construcolor USA. L&M Construction Chemicals Miracote by Crossﬁeld Products Corp. MEADOWS. Inc. Inc. The Sherwin Williams Co. Inc. Inc. Ltd. Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co.R. Inc. Inc. NewLook International. Fox Industries. Inc. Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. LLC STARDEK Super-Krete International Versatile Building Products. Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Clemons Concrete Coatings Construcolor USA. STARDEK Versatile Building Products. The Euclid Chemical Co. INC. Inc. Gemite Products Inc.R.R. MEADOWS. BASF Construction Chemicals Century Stone. Fox Industries. Inc. W.R. Inc. Inc. Inc. Scoﬁeld Company Marshalltown Company Proline Concrete Tools Coatings (acrylic) Andek Corporation Arizona Polymer Flooring Artcrete. Sika Corporation SpecChem. Maccaferri. STARDEK Super-Krete International United Coatings Versatile Building Products. W. L&M Construction Chemicals L. Inc. Gerdau H&C Decorative Concrete Products Hacker Industries. Inc. Kaufman Products. Cortec Corp Dayton Superior Duckback Products Dur-A-Flex. Gemite Products Inc. Inc. Kryton International Inc. Inc. FORTA Corporation FORTIUS Grace Construction Products Hohman & Barnard. Inc. Inc. Inc. FORTA Corporation FORTIUS Grace Construction Products Nycon Corp. Niagara Protective Coatings Nox-Crete Products Group Quikrete The Sherwin Williams Co. Synthetic ﬁber (monoﬁlament) ABC Polymer Industries. Gerdau Kaufman Products. Elite Crete Engrave-A-Crete. Gemite Products Inc. Inc. Gerdau Glaze ‘N Seal Products H&C Decorative Concrete Products Interstar Materials. INC. Inc. Inc. Gerdau H&C Decorative Concrete Products L. Inc.
Kaufman Products. Inc. Pigmented mineral dry shake Artcrete. Inc. Corp. Scoﬁeld Company Proline Concrete Tools SpecChem. Clemons Concrete Coatings Construcolor USA. Inc. Clemons Concrete Coatings Elite Crete Engrave-A-Crete. M. Kaufman Products. Inc. Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Inc. 84 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international . Gemite Products Inc. MEADOWS. MEADOWS.R. Gerdau International Coatings. LLC STARDEK W. Inc. Inc.R. Inc. United Coatings Versatile Building Products. ChemMasters. Nox-Crete Products Group Pengineer AS Reliable Diamond Tool. Dayton Superior Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Inc. Sika Corporation SpecChem. The Euclid Chemical Co. M. Inc. Vexcon Chemicals. INC.R. INC. Inc. L&M Construction Chemicals NewLook International. STARDEK Versatile Building Products. Gerdau Glaze ‘N Seal Products H&C Decorative Concrete Products Interstar Materials. MEADOWS. ChemMasters. epoxy or polyurea) Slip-resistive aluminum granule Dur-A-Flex. NewLook International. Gemite Products Inc. L&M Construction Chemicals L. NewLook International. Inc. Wall Firma. L&M Construction Chemicals MAPEI Miracote by Crossﬁeld Products Solvent-based dyes American Decorative Concrete Arizona Polymer Flooring Bomanite Clemons Concrete Coatings Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. MEADOWS. Gemite Products Inc. Slip-resistive emery aggregate Atlas Construction Supply Dayton Superior Elite Crete Engrave-A-Crete. Cortec Corp Damtite Waterprooﬁng Dayton Superior Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Inc. Construcolor USA. Inc. Clemons Concrete Coatings Dayton Superior The Euclid Chemical Co.R. Inc. The Sherwin Williams Co. Fox Industries. Fox Industries. Inc. MEADOWS. Gemite Products Inc. The Sherwin Williams Co. L&M Construction Chemicals SpecChem. Inc. Inc. M. Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals Butterﬁeld Color. Gerdau Joint ﬁller strips (isolation or expansion joints) Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals Dayton Superior Tinted sealers American Decorative Concrete Companies indicated in red are advertisers in this issue of CONcRETE INTERNaTiONaL. Inc. W. Inc. Dayton Superior Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Inc. Penetrating sealers (siloxanes) American Decorative Concrete Andek Corporation Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals Bomanite Cementec Industries Inc.R. Inc. Cortec Corp Dayton Superior Dur-A-Flex. H&C Decorative Concrete Products HTC. INC. Inc. Sika Corporation SpecChem. The Euclid Chemical Co. Inc. LLC Floor topping (emery or iron aggregate) Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals Black Lab LLC ChemMasters. INC. LLC Super-Krete International Versatile Building Products. Ltd. Polymer stains American Decorative Concrete Butterﬁeld Color. L&M Construction Chemicals L. Inc. Penetrating sealers (silanes) American Decorative Concrete Aquron Corporation International Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals Black Lab LLC Bomanite ChemMasters.Concrete Product Guide SpecChem. Inc. W. Inc. Inc. Inc. Inc. Scoﬁeld Company MAPEI Mar-Flex Waterprooﬁng and Building Systems NewLook International. LLC STARDEK United Coatings Versatile Building Products. W. Versatile Building Products. International Coatings. Niagara Protective Coatings Nox-Crete Products Group Paciﬁc Polymer Roadware Incorporated The Sherwin Williams Co. INC. Adhesives Technology Corp. INC. L&M Construction Chemicals MAPEI Mar-Flex Waterprooﬁng and Building Systems Metzger/McGuire Miracote by Crossﬁeld Products Corp. Inc. Interstar Materials. Inc. Sika Corporation SpecChem. Durajoint Concrete Accessories Elite Crete Fortress Stabilization Systems Gerdau Quikrete Sika Greenstreak W. LLC STARDEK Transpo Industries Inc. SpecChem. Penetrating ﬂoor hardener (reactive) American Decorative Concrete Andek Corporation Aquron Corporation International Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals Bomanite ChemMasters. Elite Crete L&M Construction Chemicals Nox-Crete Products Group Vexcon Chemicals. Nox-Crete Products Group The Sherwin Williams Co. Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Vexcon Chemicals. Inc. Vexcon Chemicals. L&M Construction Chemicals NewLook International. Ltd. Nox-Crete Products Group Quikrete The Sherwin Williams Co. Proline Concrete Tools The Sherwin Williams Co. Inc. Inc. Inc. Joint ﬁller (semi-rigid. Inc. Fox Industries. Inc. MEADOWS. Gerdau H&C Decorative Concrete Products Interstar Materials. Gemite Products Inc. Scoﬁeld Company Nox-Crete Products Group Pengineer AS Reliable Diamond Tool. LLC STRUCTURAL W. Andek Corporation Arizona Polymer Flooring Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals ChemCo Systems Dayton Superior Dur-A-Flex. Inc. LLC Super-Krete International Versatile Building Products. Inc.R. Inc. Kaufman Products. Nox-Crete Products Group Quikrete The Sherwin Williams Co. Inc. INC. L&M Construction Chemicals L. W. Inc. Inc.R. MEADOWS. Gerdau H&C Decorative Concrete Products Kaufman Products.
Wadco Industries. or ﬁber tubes) AMICO Atlas Construction Supply Dayton Superior Doka International Atlas Construction Supply Concrete Forms Services Dayton Superior Doka International EFCO Corp. Form hardware Atlas Construction Supply Concrete Forms Services Dayton Superior Doka International EFCO Corp. Prime Source Building Products Pultrall. Clemons Concrete Coatings Construcolor USA. Wadco Industries. The Sherwin Williams Co. Waxes Clemons Concrete Coatings Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Inc. NewLook International. Inc. Inc. Inc. Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals Bomanite Butterﬁeld Color. Inc. Scoﬁeld Company Marshalltown Company Miracote by Crossﬁeld Products Corp. Inc. L&M Construction Chemicals L. Gerdau L. Pengineer AS Proline Concrete Tools Quikrete Reliable Diamond Tool. Vexcon Chemicals. Inc. Sika Greenstreak Vexcon Chemicals. Inc. Olympic Panel Products. Wagman Metal Products Inc. Scott System Inc. Ltd. Unpigmented mineral dry shake BASF Construction Chemicals Black Lab LLC Butterﬁeld Color. Inc. Clemons Concrete Coatings Concrete Forms Services Cortec Corp Dayton Superior Doka International Durajoint Concrete Accessories EFCO Corp. GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Gerdau PileMedic by QuakeWrap. Glaze ‘N Seal Products Interstar Materials. GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Gerdau Grace Construction Products Kaufman Products. Inc. L&M Construction Chemicals Nox-Crete Products Group PERI Formwork Systems Inc. Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 85 . LLC PERI Formwork Systems Inc. Inc. GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Gerdau PERI Formwork Systems Inc. Companies indicated in red are advertisers in this issue of CONcRETE INTERNaTiONaL. PERI Formwork Systems Inc. Gerdau Kaufman Products. Fitzgerald Formliners GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Gerdau PERI Formwork Systems Inc. Ltd. Inc. Duckback Products Elite Crete Engrave-A-Crete. Inc. Titan Formwork Systems Wadco Industries. Inc. STARDEK United Coatings Versatile Building Products. INC. Inc. W. Sylvan Architectural Concrete Form Products Climbing forms Dayton Superior Doka International EFCO Corp. Inc. M. Inc. Inc. L&M Construction Chemicals SpecChem. glass ﬁber-reinforced plastic. Inc. Inc. Gemite Products Inc. Elite Crete FORTIUS GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Gerdau Meva Formwork Systems Inc. Versatile Building Products. Gerdau H&C Decorative Concrete Products Interstar Materials. SkimStone/Rudd Company. Inc. Inc. Meva Formwork Systems Inc. Form liners AFTEC LLC Atlas Construction Supply Butterﬁeld Color. Prime Source Building Products Sika Greenstreak Sylvan Architectural Concrete Form Products Wadco Industries. paper. WerkMaster EFCO Corp. Prime Source Building Products RJD Industries. Inc. PERI Formwork Systems Inc. Scoﬁeld Company Miracote by Crossﬁeld Products Corp. ChemMasters. Inc. INC. Proline Concrete Tools Scott System Inc. Inc. Nox-Crete Products Group Dayton Superior Doka International Elite Crete GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Gerdau Olympic Panel Products. Inc. Inc. Sika Greenstreak Sylvan Architectural Concrete Form ties Cylindrical columns and pedestals (metal. PERI Formwork Systems Inc. W. Clemons Concrete Coatings Construcolor USA. Williams Form Engineering Corp. Inc.R. Custom Rock Formliner Dayton Superior Doka International Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. MEADOWS. Inc. RJD Industries. GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Meva Formwork Systems Inc. Dayton Superior Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Wadco Industries. LLC PERI Formwork Systems Inc. Inc. Inc. NewLook International. Nox-Crete Products Group Reliable Diamond Tool. Inc. ChemMasters. Duckback Products Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Inc.R. MEADOWS. STARDEK Super-Krete International United Coatings Versatile Building Products. The Euclid Chemical Co. Williams Form Engineering Corp. Inc.Concrete Product Guide BASF Construction Chemicals Bomanite Bon Tool Butterﬁeld Color. Concrete Forms Services Dayton Superior Doka International Durajoint Concrete Accessories EFCO Corp. Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Inc. RoMix Chemical & Brush. LLC FORM MATERIALS AND RELEASE AGENTS Chamfer strips Atlas Construction Supply BoMetals. Form Products Form release agents Flying forms Dayton Superior Doka International EFCO Corp. Wadco Industries. Footing forms AMICO Concrete Forms Services Dayton Superior Doka International IntegraSpec ICF Meva Formwork Systems Inc. Fitzgerald Formliners GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Gerdau Helser Industries PERI Formwork Systems Inc. M. Inc. The Plastiform Company Wadco Industries. PERI Formwork Systems Inc. Form sheathing Water-based stains American Decorative Concrete Arizona Polymer Flooring Bomanite Bon Tool Butterﬁeld Color. ChemMasters. Gemite Products Inc.
Kraft Tool Co. Mixers (drum/central mix) BMH Systems Elite Crete Marshalltown Company RexCon Schwing America. Inc. 86 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international . PERI Formwork Systems Inc. Inc. Inc. Inc. Insulating concrete forms (ICFs) Amvic Building System Elite Crete IntegraSpec ICF LiteForm Technologies Quad-Lock Building Systems Floats Airplaco Equipment Bon Tool Gerdau Gunite Supply Haivala Concrete Tools. Inc. Inc. Etobicoke Ironworks Limited GAMCO Concrete Forms and Void forms AMICO Atlas Construction Supply Bomanite BoMetals. Inc. Inc. Schwing America. REED Concrete Pumps & Gunite Machines RexCon Scale-tron Inc. Elite Crete Kraft Tool Co. Kraft Tool Co. Sylvan Architectural Concrete Form Products Titan Formwork Systems Wadco Industries. Inc. The Plastiform Company Sylvan Architectural Concrete Form Products Wadco Industries. Dayton Superior Doka International GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring PileMedic by QuakeWrap. Inc. LLC PERI Formwork Systems Inc. PERI Formwork Systems Inc. Elite Crete General Equipment Company Husqvarna Construction Products Metabo Pengineer AS Reliable Diamond Tool. Titan Formwork Systems Wadco Industries. AFTEC LLC AMICO Atlas Construction Supply Dayton Superior Doka International EFCO Corp. PLACING AND FINISHING EQUIPMENT Chutes and chute liners BMH Systems Bon Tool Concrete Forms Services Kraft Tool Co. Inc. Inc. GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Gerdau Helser Industries Meva Formwork Systems Inc. Wall forms AFTEC LLC AMICO Atlas Construction Supply Custom Rock Formliner Dayton Superior Doka International EFCO Corp. Inc. LLC Diamond polishing disks Concut. STARDEK Scaffolding Concrete buckets Atlas Construction Supply BMH Systems Elite Crete GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Dayton Superior Doka International GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Meva Formwork Systems Inc. Inc. Inc. Inc. RexCon Mixers (ribbon/volumetric) Elite Crete Companies indicated in red are advertisers in this issue of CONcRETE INTERNaTiONaL. Scale-tron Inc. Inc. Inc. Etobicoke Ironworks Limited GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Gerdau Helser Industries IntegraSpec ICF Mar-Flex Waterprooﬁng and Building Systems Meva Formwork Systems Inc. Olympic Panel Products. STARDEK Wagman Metal Products Inc. Olympic Panel Products. Inc. Sika Greenstreak Mixers (countercurrent) BMH Systems Elite Crete Mixer Systems. Wagman Metal Products Inc. Sylvan Architectural Concrete Form Products Wadco Industries. Inc. Marshalltown Company Mixer Systems. Dayton Superior Doka International Fitzgerald Formliners Helser Industries Sustainable Paving Systems. Custom Rock Formliner Doka International Elite Crete GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Sylvan Architectural Concrete Form Products Concrete pumps Airplaco Equipment Blastcrete Equipment Company BMH Systems Gunite Supply REED Concrete Pumps & Gunite Machines Schwing America. The Sherwin Williams Co. Inc. Marshalltown Company Wagman Metal Products Inc. Mixers (hand) BN Products USA-LLC Chem Grout. GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Helser Industries IntegraSpec ICF LiteForm Technologies Metal Forms Corp. Sika Greenstreak Sylvan Architectural Concrete Form Products Stay-in-place forms (FRP or steel) AMICO BoMetals. Schwing America. Marshalltown Company Pengineer AS Reliable Diamond Tool. Shoring Atlas Construction Supply Dayton Superior Doka International EFCO Corp. STARDEK Textured forms AFTEC LLC Bomanite Butterﬁeld Color. LLC PERI Formwork Systems Inc. Pan-type forms Atlas Construction Supply Dayton Superior Doka International Titan Formwork Systems Rustication strips Atlas Construction Supply Custom Rock Formliner Dayton Superior Doka International GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Helser Industries Scott System Inc. Inc. Inc. Worldtech Coatings Specialty forms AFTEC LLC Allen Face & Company LLC AMICO Atlas Construction Supply Concrete Forms Services Custom Rock Formliner Dayton Superior Doka International EFCO Corp. Titan Formwork Systems Wadco Industries. LLC PERI Formwork Systems Inc. Conveyors BMH Systems Mixer Systems. Worldtech Coatings Edgers and groovers Haivala Concrete Tools. Inc.Concrete Product Guide Gang forms Shoring Gerdau IntegraSpec ICF Meva Formwork Systems Inc. Sylvan Architectural Concrete Form Products Wadco Industries. Olympic Panel Products. Mixers (pan) Blastcrete Equipment Company BMH Systems Elite Crete Mixer Systems.
Meadow Burke Products Williams Form Engineering Corp. Inc. Inc. RJD Industries. Inc. VIBCO Vibrators Wacker Neuson Corporation Joint dowel alignment systems Atlas Construction Supply Dayton Superior Gerdau Meadow Burke Products Sika Greenstreak Screeds (hand) Airplaco Equipment Allen Engineering Corporation Allen Face & Company LLC Bon Tool EZ Screed Tools. Carbon ﬁber grid Chomarat North America FORTIUS Fortress Stabilization Systems Gemite Products Inc. Inc. Epoxy-coated reinforcing bars Atlas Construction Supply FORTIUS Gerdau Headed Reinforcement Corp. GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Williams Form Engineering Corp. VSL/VSTRUCTURAL Atlas Construction Supply Dayton Superior ERICO Headed Reinforcement Corp. Meadow Burke Products Prime Source Building Products Galvanized steel weldedwire reinforcement Atlas Construction Supply Companies indicated in red are advertisers in this issue of CONcRETE INTERNaTiONaL. Inc. Inc. Vector Corrosion Technologies Inc. Post-tensioning reinforcement and accessories AMSYSCO. Marshalltown Company Wagman Metal Products Inc. Husqvarna Construction Products Pengineer AS Reliable Diamond Tool. Meadow Burke Products Williams Form Engineering Corp. Inc. Vector Corrosion Technologies Inc. Inc. Mixer Systems. Inc. RJD Industries. Post-tensioning jacks Bending and cutting tools BN Products USA-LLC DeWALT Fascut Industries Inc. spacers. Inc. Pultrall. Inc. Inc. Trowels (ride-on) Allen Engineering Corporation Wacker Neuson Corporation Wagman Metal Products Inc. FORTIUS Gerdau Hughes Brothers Inc. Inc.Concrete Product Guide Mixer Systems. Marshalltown Company The Sherwin Williams Co. AMSYSCO. Vector Corrosion Technologies Inc. Gerdau Marshalltown Company MAX USA Prime Source Building Products Rod Chomper. Vibrators (external) Atlas Construction Supply BMH Systems Denver Concrete Vibrator Gerdau RexCon VIBCO Vibrators Wacker Neuson Corporation Concrete Protection Products. Wacker Neuson Corporation Galvanized steel reinforcing bars Atlas Construction Supply Headed Reinforcement Corp. ACCESSORIES. FORTIUS Hughes Brothers Inc. Mixers (slurry) BMH Systems Chem Grout. Durajoint Concrete Accessories FORTIUS GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Gerdau IntegraSpec ICF Kodi Klip Corporation Meadow Burke Products Prime Source Building Products Williams Form Engineering Corp. Joint dowel bars (square or plate) Dayton Superior Meadow Burke Products PNA Construction Technologies Inc. Inc. Epoxy-coated welded-wire reinforcement Atlas Construction Supply Engineered Wire Products. Pultrall. High-strength steel reinforcing bars Gerdau Prime Source Building Products Williams Form Engineering Corp. Inc. Wagman Metal Products Inc. Inc. Scale-tron Inc. GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Prime Source Building Products Williams Form Engineering Corp. Trowels (walk-behind) Allen Engineering Corporation Marshalltown Company Wacker Neuson Corporation Wagman Metal Products Inc. Pultrall. Wacker Neuson Corporation Fiber-reinforced polymer joint dowel bars (round) Atlas Construction Supply Concrete Protection Products. Inc. Fiber-reinforced polymer sheets Fortress Stabilization Systems PileMedic by QuakeWrap. Inc. LLC Gunite Supply Haivala Concrete Tools. Sika Greenstreak Mechanical end anchors Tremies BMH Systems Trowels (handheld) Airplaco Equipment Atlas Construction Supply Bon Tool Elite Crete Engrave-A-Crete. Inc. Meadow Burke Products Prime Source Building Products Williams Form Engineering Corp. Kraft Tool Co. Polishing equipment Concut. Vector Corrosion Technologies Inc. FORTIUS Fortress Stabilization Systems Gemite Products Inc. Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 87 . Dayton Superior FORTIUS Gerdau Meadow Burke Products PNA Construction Technologies Inc. AND EQUIPMENT Bar supports. and fasteners Atlas Construction Supply CONAC. Concrete Accessories. The Sherwin Williams Co. Carbon ﬁber-reinforced polymer bars Concrete Protection Products. Inc. Inc Dayton Superior Decon USA Inc. STARDEK Wagman Metal Products Inc. Inc. RexCon Scale-tron Inc. Inc. Joint dowel bars (round) REINFORCEMENT. Dayton Superior Durajoint Concrete Accessories Hughes Brothers Inc. Hughes Brothers Inc. Vibrators (internal) Allen Engineering Corporation Atlas Construction Supply BMH Systems Denver Concrete Vibrator GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Marshalltown Company Oztec Industries. Inc. Vector Corrosion Technologies Inc. Glass ﬁber-reinforced polymer bars Mixers (twin shaft) BMH Systems BN Products USA-LLC Mixer Systems. Inc. Atlas Construction Supply Concrete Protection Products. Kraft Tool Co. VSL/VSTRUCTURAL Williams Form Engineering Corp. Inc. Inc. Engineered Wire Products. DeWALT General Equipment Company HTC. Gerdau Gunite Supply Haivala Concrete Tools. Screeds (power) Allen Engineering Corporation Bunyan Industries Lura Enterprises Marshalltown Company Metal Forms Corp.
Inc. ERICO Fascut Industries Inc. Inc. Kaufman Products. Polymer sealer: low-viscosity epoxy or high-molecularweight methacrylate Adhesives Technology Corp. W. Inc. Xypex Chemical Corp. Inc. Inc. FORTIUS Headed Reinforcement Corp. Gerdau Hilti. MEADOWS. AMSYSCO. LLC Steel-reinforced polymers VSL/VSTRUCTURAL Steel reinforcing bars Gerdau Headed Reinforcement Corp. Pultrall. MAPEI Nox-Crete Products Group The Sherwin Williams Co. Meadow Burke Products VSL/VSTRUCTURAL Williams Form Engineering Corp. Prime Source Building Products Quikrete Roadware Incorporated The Sherwin Williams Co. Stressing jacks Prestressing strand AMSYSCO. Sika Corporation SpecChem. MEADOWS. Chase Construction Products Cortec Corp The Euclid Chemical Co. Versatile Building Products. Kryton International Inc. Kryton International Inc. Fortress Stabilization Systems Headed Reinforcement Corp. International Coatings. Inc. Sika Corporation Sika Greenstreak SpecChem.R. FORTIUS Gemite Products Inc. Inc. Fox Industries. Inc. Inc. Sika Corporation SpecChem. MAX USA Prime Source Building Products Wacker Neuson Corporation Wadco Industries. Quikrete The Sherwin Williams Co. Cortec Corp CTS Cement Manufacturing Corp. Inc. L&M Construction Chemicals MAPEI Quikrete The Sherwin Williams Co. Epoxy adhesive (crack injection): ASTM C881/ C881M Adhesives Technology Corp. Wire tying tools Specialty reinforcement AMSYSCO. Optimet Concrete Products. Inc. Meadow Burke Products Williams Form Engineering Corp. Gemite Products Inc. Gemite Products Inc. Andek Corporation Arizona Polymer Flooring Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals ChemMasters. Kaufman Products. Steel welded-wire reinforcement Dayton Superior Engineered Wire Products. MEADOWS. Cortec Corp Crossﬁeld Products Corp. Gemite Products Inc.R. BN Products USA-LLC Concrete Forms Services Dayton Superior Gerdau Kraft Tool Co.Concrete Product Guide VSL/VSTRUCTURAL Williams Form Engineering Corp. Inc. ASR expansion reducer Cathodic protection systems Stainless steel-clad reinforcing bars Williams Form Engineering Corp. Fox Industries. MEADOWS. CTS Cement Manufacturing Corp. LLC Transpo Industries Inc. LLC Super-Krete International Transpo Industries Inc. AP/M Permaform Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals Black Lab LLC ChemMasters. Stainless steel reinforcing bars Williams Form Engineering Corp. MAPEI Mar-Flex Waterprooﬁng and Building Systems Paciﬁc Polymer PileMedic by QuakeWrap. Cementitious patching mortar: packaged. Atlas Construction Supply Concrete Forms Services Dayton Superior Durajoint Concrete Accessories Gerdau Hohman & Barnard. Inc. Patching mortar Adhesives Technology Corp. INC. W. Inc. Damtite Waterprooﬁng Dayton Superior Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Inc. FORTIUS Norton Corrosion Limited Sika Corporation Vector Corrosion Technologies Inc. Gerdau Kryton International Inc. 88 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international . Sika Corporation SpecChem. Hughes Brothers Inc. Gemite Products Inc. Corrosion-inhibiting treatment materials Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals Chase Construction Products Cortec Corp Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Chomarat North America Concrete Protection Products. Inc. Inc. Ties Punching shear reinforcing systems Dayton Superior Decon USA Inc. Inc. MAPEI Miracote by Crossﬁeld Products Corp. King Packaged Materials Co. Dayton Superior Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Inc.R. Inc. GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Gerdau Prime Source Building Products Companies indicated in red are advertisers in this issue of CONcRETE INTERNaTiONaL.R. MAX USA Prime Source Building Products Wacker Neuson Corporation REPAIR MATERIALS The Euclid Chemical Co. INC. Gerdau Kaufman Products. VSL/VSTRUCTURAL Williams Form Engineering Corp. LLC Super-Krete International Versatile Building Products. Williams Form Engineering Corp. INC. Inc. Wall Firma. Dayton Superior Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. LLC W. Wall Firma. Sika Corporation SpecChem. Inc. L&M Construction Chemicals MAPEI Metzger/McGuire Nox-Crete Products Group Quikrete Roadware Incorporated The Sherwin Williams Co. dry mix complying with ASTM C928 AP/M Permaform Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals ChemMasters. Williams Form Engineering Corp. Inc. INC. Damtite Waterprooﬁng Dayton Superior Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Inc. Prime Source Building Products Williams Form Engineering Corp. Kaufman Products. W. Inc. Fox Industries. Inc. Dayton Superior Decon USA Inc. Inc. VSL/VSTRUCTURAL Reinforcement splicing systems Dayton Superior ERICO Fortress Stabilization Systems Gerdau Headed Reinforcement Corp. FORTIUS Fox Industries. Inc. Andek Corporation AP/M Permaform Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals ChemCo Systems ChemMasters.
R. Inc. Inc. Prime Source Building Products Raven Industries—Engineered Films The Sherwin Williams Co. Germann Instruments Inc. INC. Dayton Superior UNDERLAYMENTS Modiﬁed cement-based AP/M Permaform Atlas Construction Supply Companies indicated in red are advertisers in this issue of CONcRETE INTERNaTiONaL. Ltd. Sensors and Software. Test Mark Industries. Construcolor USA. Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 89 . MEADOWS. Inspection Instruments. cementitious mortar plus silica fume) Fresh concrete testing Cal-Cert Company FORNEY LP Germann Instruments Inc. Olson Instruments Pile Dynamics Inc. Construcolor USA. MAPEI Mar-Flex Waterprooﬁng and Building Systems Miracote by Crossﬁeld Products Corp. Inc. Fox Industries. Inc. Co. cementitious mortar) Bond testing Cal-Cert Company ChemCo Systems DeFelsko Corporation FORNEY LP Germann Instruments Inc. Sensors and Software. Inc. Inc. Sika Corporation SpecChem. Kaufman Products. MAPEI Quikrete The Sherwin Williams Co. Proceq USA. Inc. Wagner Meters Vapor retarder (bituminous) Chase Construction Products Elite Crete Gerdau Grace Construction Products Mar-Flex Waterprooﬁng and Building Systems Prime Source Building Products W. ChemMasters. King Packaged Materials Co.R. Inc. Inc. Inc. Inc. Paciﬁc Polymer PileMedic by QuakeWrap. Pure Technologies Ltd. MEADOWS. Ytterberg Scientiﬁc Inc. Inc. Thermal breaks IntegraSpec ICF AP/M Permaform Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals Butterﬁeld Color. Gerdau Kaufman Products. Ltd. Nox-Crete Products Group Quikrete The Sherwin Williams Co. United Coatings Versatile Building Products. INC. Humboldt Mfg.R. Inc. Humboldt Mfg. Gemite Products Inc. Proceq USA. Gemite Products Inc. LLC United Coatings Versatile Building Products. Cortec Corp Damtite Waterprooﬁng Dayton Superior Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co.R. Inc. Inc. Inc. Inc. TESTING EQUIPMENT Anchor strength testing Cal-Cert Company FORNEY LP Amvic Building System Dow Building Solutions Gerdau IntegraSpec ICF LiteForm Technologies Mar-Flex Waterprooﬁng and Building Systems Prime Source Building Products Thermomass Sandwich connectors CHRYSO. Floor relative humidity (in-place) Elite Crete Germann Instruments Inc. Humboldt Mfg. Inc. Inc. Co. Wall Firma. Co. Co. King Packaged Materials Co. Ltd. Test Mark Industries. Co. Wagner Meters Universal testing machines Cal-Cert Company FORNEY LP Humboldt Mfg. Inc.R. Construcolor USA. Humboldt Mfg. Xypex Chemical Corp.Concrete Product Guide Transpo Industries Inc. US Radar Vector Corrosion Technologies Inc. Firestops AP/M Permaform BASF Construction Chemicals ChemMasters. Inc. Kryton International Inc. Instron Test Mark Industries. Co. Mala Geoscience USA. Inc. INC. Inc. Cyclical load testing Cal-Cert Company FORNEY LP VSL/VSTRUCTURAL Testing materials Floor ﬂatness Allen Engineering Corporation Allen Face & Company LLC Cal-Cert Company HTC. Proceq USA. MAPEI Miracote by Crossﬁeld Products Corp. Inc. Prime Source Building Products Raven Industries—Engineered Films Reef Industries Stego Industries. MEADOWS. Foamed-in-place insulation Chase Construction Products Dow Building Solutions United Coatings Vapor retarder (plastic) Andek Corporation Atlas Construction Supply Elite Crete Grace Construction Products Hohman & Barnard. Sika Corporation Sika Greenstreak United Coatings Versatile Building Products. MEADOWS. Proceq USA. Co. Inc. W. Reinforcing bar locators Cal-Cert Company FORNEY LP Germann Instruments Inc. LLC W. THERMAL AND MOISTURE PROTECTION Drainage board Amvic Building System Dow Building Solutions Gerdau Grace Construction Products Mar-Flex Waterprooﬁng and Building Systems Thermomass W. Thermomass Polymer (modiﬁed. Kryton International Inc. NewLook International. Cortec Corp The Euclid Chemical Co. W. Humboldt Mfg. Instron Floor moisture-vapor emission rate Cal-Cert Company Elite Crete Humboldt Mfg.R. INC. Inc. Inc. Andek Corporation Chase Construction Products Hilti. Mala Geoscience USA. IntegraSpec ICF Prime Source Building Products Maturity systems Cal-Cert Company FORNEY LP Germann Instruments Inc. Cortec Corp Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. FORTIUS Hughes Brothers Inc. Waterproof membranes Andek Corporation Aquron Corporation International Chase Construction Products ChemMasters. MEADOWS. Rigid insulation Nondestructive testing (NDT) Cal-Cert Company DeFelsko Corporation FORNEY LP Germann Instruments Inc. Inc. Wagner Meters Polymer (modiﬁed. Inc. Hilti. INC. Inc. Fox Industries. Inc. INC. Gerdau Grace Construction Products Hohman & Barnard. Inc. Co. Cal-Cert Company FORNEY LP Humboldt Mfg. Inc. Gemite Products Inc. Sika Corporation W. MEADOWS. Test Mark Industries.
ACI’s Student. Kaufman Products. CTS Cement Manufacturing Corp.concrete. ACI’s Sustaining and Organizational Members receive detailed corporate listings. Inc. ChemMasters./Earth Shield Waterstop Sika Corporation Sika Greenstreak WATERSTOPS Chemical grouts Atlas Construction Supply ChemMasters.R. Gerdau Kryton International Inc. Hacker Industries. LLC Sustainable Paving Systems. Inc. Inc. Inc.R. • Local. Member Benefit 90 Visit the ACI Membership Directory www. Nox-Crete Products Group Quikrete The Sherwin Williams Co. visit www. MAPEI NewLook International. Mar-Flex Waterprooﬁng and Building Systems Sika Corporation Sika Greenstreak W. Inc./Earth Shield Waterstop Sika Corporation Sylvan Architectural Concrete Form Products Self-expanding rubber strip Atlas Construction Supply BoMetals. LLC Versatile Building Products. Inc. Sika Corporation Sika Greenstreak Injectable Andek Corporation Companies indicated in red are advertisers in this issue of CONcRETE INTERNaTiONaL. Durajoint Concrete Accessories FORTIUS GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Hohman & Barnard.Concrete Product Guide BASF Construction Chemicals Bomanite ChemMasters. Flexible PVC Self-expanding butyl strip Atlas Construction Supply BoMetals.org and click on “My Contact Information” or call 248-848-3800 if you have questions. Inc. and Individual Members receive personal listings. Inc.concrete. Inc. Gemite Products Inc. W. regional. Sika Corporation Sika Greenstreak Sylvan Architectural Concrete Form Products Flexible rubber Portland cement-based AP/M Permaform Atlas Construction Supply BASF Construction Chemicals Black Lab LLC Atlas Construction Supply Hohman & Barnard. simply log in to www.concrete. Inc. MAPEI Mar-Flex Waterprooﬁng and Building Systems Sika Corporation Atlas Construction Supply BoMetals. Inc. Durajoint Concrete Accessories JP Specialties. Kaufman Products. Inc. INC. Inc. Sika Corporation SpecChem. Inc. Inc. Inc. Inc. Damtite Waterprooﬁng FORTIUS Fox Industries. Damtite Waterprooﬁng Dayton Superior Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. Wall Firma. Inc. and international listings. Inc. Inc. L&M Construction Chemicals MAPEI Nox-Crete Products Group Quikrete The Sherwin Williams Co. Gemite Products Inc./Earth Shield Waterstop Mar-Flex Waterprooﬁng and Building Systems Sika Greenstreak FORTIUS Fox Industries.org Click the “Membership” tab • Quickly and easily obtain detailed contact information for other ACI members (members only). LLC Super-Krete International Chemically resistant ﬂexible BoMetals. To opt out or modify your listing.org or call 248-848-3800 to learn what else is new! Verify your listing—only ACI members can be listed in this Directory. JP Specialties. Inc. MEADOWS. Sika Corporation SpecChem. INC. JP Specialties. Young Professional. FORTIUS GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Grace Construction Products Hohman & Barnard. Gerdau Hacker Industries. • Open to the public (limited access) for businessdevelopment opportunities THE EDGE NEEDED tO SUCCEED Connecting and networking with ACI members has never been easier. Gemite Products Inc. DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international . Inc. MEADOWS. Inc. The new ACI Membership Directory is one of six new beneﬁts available to all ACI members. Durajoint Concrete Accessories GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring Hohman & Barnard. Dayton Superior Elite Crete The Euclid Chemical Co. • Conduct detailed search by job category for ACI’s corporate members.
com Bunyan Industries 801-255-8064 www.com Carolina Stalite Company 800-898-3772 www. 800-486-7866 www.com.cementec.adaptsoft. 800-BENTLEY www.com Ash Grove Cement Company 913-451-8900 www.Company Directory A ABC Polymer Industries.buildingsystems. 954-782-2221 www.com Black Lab LLC 440-285-3189 www.airplaco.atlasform.com ADAPT Corp.atlascopco.com Amvic Building System 416-410-5674.permaform.com Adhesives Technology Corp.andek.com C Cal-Cert Company 800-356-4662 www. 708-354-7112 www.com BoMetals.com BN Products USA-LLC 800-992-3833.stonetreefence.com Airplaco Equipment 513-321-2950 www.bontool.com BMH Systems 450-449-4770 www.butterﬁeldcolor.com AP/M Permaform 800-662-6465 www.com Atlas Copco Construction Mining Technique LLC 800-732-6762 www. 877-224-5850 www.com ChemMasters.chemmasters. 650-306-2400 www. Inc.com Burgess Pigment Co. 800-282-3388 www. Inc.net Aqua Blast Corp. 928-684-2813 www.amico-stayform.chasecorp. 630-296-8383 www.amvicsystem. Inc.burgesspigment.com Allen Face & Company LLC 910-763-4501 www.com ChemCo Systems 800-757-6773 www.stalite.us BASF Construction Chemicals 800-628-9990 www.com Arizona Polymer Flooring 623-435-2277 www.ws Advanced Cement Technologies 360-332-7060 www.artcrete.aquablast.com Chaotic Pigments 479-270-4787 www. Inc.com Bon Tool 724-443-7080 www.bunyanusa. 478-552-2544 www. Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 91 .com Chase Construction Products 781-332-0700 www.com Artcrete.com AFTEC LLC 801-281-2262 www.apfepoxy.cemexusa.com/building Bentley Systems.blacklabcorp. www.com Atlas Construction Supply 858-277-2100 www.bometals.ca CEMEX 713-650-6200 www.com Bomanite 303-369-1115 www. Inc.bentley.atc.net B Barrier-1.aquron. 800-862-4835 www.bomanite. 800-338-7373 www.com Companies indicated in red are advertisers in this issue of CONcRETE INTERNaTiONaL.com Boral Material Technologies Inc.chemgrout.metakaolin.com Butterﬁeld Color.abcpolymerindustries.amsyscoinc.barrier-1.bmhsystems.chemcosystems.com Allen Engineering Corporation 870-236-7751 www.com Century Stone.centurystone.chaoticpigments. Inc.ashgrove.allenface. 318-379-2000 www.com Bekaert 770-514-2280 www.cal-cert. 403-720-6699 www.com AMSYSCO.boralmti.blastcrete. 480-668-1235 www.bekaert.aftec.bnproducts.com Andek Corporation 856-786-6900 www.com American Decorative Concrete 479-725-0033 www. 877-470-9991 www.com Aquron Corporation International 800-342-4649 www. Inc.com Chem Grout. 800-292-5354 www. Inc.com AMICO 800-366-2642 www.basf.com Blastcrete Equipment Company 800-235-4867 www.alleneng.com Cementec Industries Inc. Inc. LLC 205-620-9889 www.adcsc.
com Germann Instruments Inc.com EZ Screed Tools. 800-884-2114 www. 336-993-2461 www.com Decon USA Inc. 800-842-8581 www.gunite. Inc.conacweb.crsi.com Dur-A-Flex.be Fortress Stabilization Systems 800-207-6204 www. 800-845-6642 www.com Computers & Structures.foundationsoft. Inc. Inc. Inc.gerdauameristeel.com Fritz-Pak Corp.com DeFelsko Corporation 315-393-4450 www. LLC 877-884-0081 www.deconusa.com Duckback Products 800-825-5382 www.com Concrete Reinforcing Steel Institute 847-517-1200 www.csiberkeley.surajoint. 510-649-2200 www.elitecrete. 214-221-9494 www.fortressstabilization.com Dimensional Solutions.com G GAMCO Concrete Forms and Shoring 513-561-8331 www.damtitewater prooﬁng.gemite.org Concut.ccc-usa.com Concrete Forms Services 801-280-6992 www.com ENERCALC.com Grace Construction Products 617-876-1400 www.FORNEYonline.com Dayton Superior 937-866-0711 www.concutusa.ezdrill.denverconcrete vibrator.germann.ewpinc. 800-321-7628 www.com Etobicoke Ironworks Limited 416-742-7111 www. 800-929-3030 www.Company Directory Chomarat North America 866-531-7604 www.federalwhitecement. 847-329-9999 www. Inc.com Durajoint Concrete Accessories 888-833-8308 www. 92 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international .com Grand Master Tools +61-7-33447746 www.org Glaze ‘N Seal Products 800-486-1414 www.com Gerdau 865-687-7220 www.foxind. Inc.com Dynamic Color Solutions.ezfootings. 800-936-7553 www.dokausa.com Foundation Software.fascut.com Gemite Products Inc. Concrete Accessories.com General Equipment Company 800-533-0524 www.com Companies indicated in red are advertisers in this issue of CONcRETE INTERNaTiONaL.com Clemons Concrete Coatings 615-872-9099 www. Inc.com Engineered Wire Products.forta-ferro. 800-253-3539 www. Inc.diamondproducts.com Fitzgerald Formliners 714-547-6710 www.generalequip.gamcoform.com D Damtite Waterprooﬁng 800-223-8483.efcoforms.chrysoinc. 800-246-0800 www.EZScreedTools.com Doka International 877-365-2872 www.grandmastertools. 410-243-8856 www. 253-872-3507 www.erico.fritzpak. 724-258-7150 www.com Construcolor USA.com CHRYSO.daviscolors. 888-443-6483 www.com ERICO 800-813-3778 www. Inc.ﬁberglassrebar.dewalt.fortius.duraﬁber.enercalc.com Fox Industries. 800-424-2252 www.defelsko.daytonsuperior.gdbsoftware. 800-657-0737 www. 800-367-6397 www.com FORTIUS +32-13326873 www. Ltd.formliners.com Federal White Cement 610-927-1410 www. 515-266-1141 www. 866-644-8324 www.com FORNEY LP 724-346-7400.com Denver Concrete Vibrator 800-392-6703.ctscement.com DeWALT 800-4-DEWALT www.dowbuildingsolutions.graceconstruction. 800-844-3880 www.euclidchemical. Inc.cortecvci. Inc.us F Fascut Industries Inc.ca The Euclid Chemical Co.com E EFCO Corp. 800-975-6990 www. Inc.com FORTA Corporation 800-245-0306.com Diamond Products Ltd.glaze-n-seal.com Cortec Corp 651-429-1100 www.com Engrave-A-Crete. Inc.com GDB Software.dur-a-ﬂex.engraveacrete. 800-321-5336 www.com Dow Building Solutions 866-583-2583 www.eiw.com Gunite Supply 626-359-0143 www. 608-643-6678 www. 724-458-5221 www.carbongrid. 281-497-5991 www.customrock.com CONAC.dynamiccolor solutions. 303-778-8832 www.construcolor. Inc.com Davis Colors 323-269-7311 www.com Custom Rock Formliner 651-699-1345 www.com Elite Crete 888-323-4445 www.dimsoln. 800-336-2598 www.superdeck.com E-Z Drill 800-272-0121 www.com CTS Cement Manufacturing Corp.com Duraﬁber Inc.com Concrete Protection Products.
lafarge-na. 913-422-4848 www.com Humboldt Mfg. Inc. www.internationalcoatings.midasuser.com Metabo 800-638-2264 www.com Helser Industries 503-692-6909 www.com Kodi Klip Corporation 615-449-1880 www.com Meadow Burke Products 813-248-1944 www.kaufmanproducts.com Haivala Concrete Tools.scoﬁeld.mar-ﬂex.kestrelweather.itwredhead. Scoﬁeld Company 800-800-9900 www.earthshield.miracote.com Meva Formwork Systems Inc.com Hilti. 262-956-6611 www. 410-354-8600 www.com K Kaufman Products.mapei.com L Larsen Products Corp.kryton.com IntegraSpec ICF 613-634-1319. 630-350-0370 www.maccaferri-usa.com Marshalltown Company 880-888-0127 www.krafttool. 248-624-5555 www.com I International Admixtures.com Lafarge 703-480-3808 www.interstar. 937-328-0022 www. 561-488-6369 Companies indicated in red are advertisers in this issue of CONcRETE INTERNaTiONaL. 949-729-3101 www. 800-879-8000 www.jpspecialties. Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 93 .instron.com Miracote by Crossﬁeld Products Corp. 714-557-1455 www.lmcc. 765-409-6308 www.hcconcrete.Company Directory H H&C Decorative Concrete Products 800-867-8264 www.com Headwaters Resources 888-236-6236 www. 800-567-1857 www.integraspec.humboldtmfg.kingshotcrete. Inc.com J JP Specialties.malags.mkdiamond.com L.net Kestrel Pocket Weather Meters 610-447-1555 www.niacoat.metabousa.us.aslanfrp.helser.com M Maccaferri. 800-638-7744 www. 801-886-9495 www. Inc.com N NewLook International.com MK Diamond Products 310-257-2812 www. 843-852-5021 www.org Inspection Instruments.com MAPEI 954-246-8888 www.hackerindustries.luraconcretescreed.mevaformwork.com Mixer Systems. Inc. 216-831-6131 www.com ICC Evaluation Service.haivala.com Interstar Materials. 800-382-9102 www. 800-821-3859 www. Inc. 604-324-8280 www. 800-461-0566 www.hilti.com Hughes Brothers Inc. 800-869-0359 www. 800-633-6668 www. Inc. Inc.com LiteForm Technologies 800-551-3313 www. 800-624-8919 www.com Husqvarna Construction Products 800-288-5040 www.meadowburke.liteform.com International Coatings. Inc.com Niagara Protective Coatings 905-356-1581 www.husqvarnacp.com Logicsphere Limited +44-0709-2065374 www.com King Packaged Materials Co.us HTC. M.icc-es.metzgermcguire.com Metzger/McGuire 800-223-6680 www.com NLB Corp.com MIDASoft Inc.mixersystems. Inc. 450-652-6000 www.h-b.net Instron 800-877-6674 www. Inc.com Lura Enterprises 701-281-8989 www. 708-468-6300 www.com Interactive Design Systems (IDS) 858-674-4196 www.maxusacorp. 800-526-9377 www.milwaukeetool.com Mala Geoscience USA.inspectioninstruments.getnewlook. Inc.lanxess.com MAX USA 800-223-4293 www. 414-964-4550 www. Co.logicsphere. 877-MIRACOTE www.nlbcorp. Inc.com Headed Reinforcement Corp.com Kryton International Inc.com.metalforms. Inc. 800-422-2448.com Mar-Flex Waterprooﬁng and Building Systems 513-217-3573 www.marcottesystems.com Hohman & Barnard. 865-689-2311 www.com Metal Forms Corp.com Marcotte Systems.ids-soft.com L&M Construction Chemicals 402-453-6600 www. 316-263-1683 www.kodiklip. 734-529-2411 www.com LANXESS Corp.larsenproducts./Earth Shield Waterstop 951-674-6869. 212-835-1666 www.hrc-usa.htc-america. LLC 800-423-6587 www.ca ITW Red Head. Inc. Ltd.holcim.com Holcim (US) Inc. Inc.marshalltown.com Hacker Industries.com Kraft Tool Co.us.ﬂyash. Inc.com Milwaukee Electric Tool 800-SAWDUST www.
quadlock.plastiform.olypanel.com PNA Construction Technologies Inc. 800-635-3456 www.com Sika Corporation 201-933-8800 www.quikrete.roadware.structural.RavenEFD.spectraqest. Inc. Inc.com RexCon 262-539-4050 www. 804-262-4570 www.scaletron. 215-310-2139 www.sustainablepaving systems.com Spectra QEST 888-360-8901 www.nox-crete.com Schwing America.sek. The 425-235-7580 www. 402-341-2080 www.sikausa.rjlg. Inc.com SMITH Manufacturing 800-653-9311 www. Inc.com Norton Corrosion Limited 425-483-1616.sioux. 855-280-PURE (7873) www. 303-373-2500 www.srmaterials. 949-582-0191 www.com RoMix Chemical & Brush.sherwin.com Pile Dynamics Inc. 800-444-7833 www.com RJ Lee Group 800-860-1775 www. 516-883-8857 www.com Sika Greenstreak 800-325-9504 www.stegoindustries. 216-831-6131 www.rodchomper.schwingparts.proceq. Inc. LLC 360-432-5000 www.prolinestamps.com RJD Industries. 623-465-4572 www.com Scale-tron Inc.rexcon.com Roadware Incorporated 800-522-7623.risatech. Inc.ca Q Quad-Lock Building Systems 888-711-5625 www. Inc.nortoncorrosion. 800-542-0214 www.ﬁbermesh. 514-940-0337 www.com Pengineer AS +47-74-85-89-0 www. LLC 926-235-9088 www.com Reliable Diamond Tool. 800-331-2243 www. 800-839-7016.super-krete.com 800-949-9620 www.com Prime Source Building Products 800-676-7777 www.romixchem.com Proceq USA.com REED Concrete Pumps & Gunite Machines 909-287-2100 www.com Nox-Crete Products Group 800-369-9800. Inc.com Powerblanket 801-506-0198 www. 914-235-6300 www.com Plastiform Company. 866-392-9677 www.powers.oztec.com STRUCTURAL 888-901-7218 www.com Proline Concrete Tools 760-758-7240 www. 224-848-4250 optimetconcrete.us.pna-inc.com Nycon Corp. 94 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international .com Powers Fasteners.skimstone.com Separation Technologies LLC 504-996-6847 www.primesourcebp. 631-724-8639 www. 800-474-3794 www.com S Salt River Materials Group/ Phoenix Cement™ 480-850-5757 www.stardek.com Oztec Industries.com Olympic Panel Products.com Northeast Solite Corp.com Pultrall. 410-712-7225 www.powerblanket.rjdindustries. 847-623-9570 www.com Payroll4Construction.payroll4construction.com Pure Technologies Ltd.nesolite. 651-457-6122 www. Inc.reeﬁndustries.schwing.com SEK Surebond Corporation 800-932-3343 www.com Scott System Inc.com Pile Medic by QuakeWrap.pile.barracudatool.pultrall.puretechltd.com RISA Technologies 800-332-RISA (7472) www.scottsystem. Inc.greenstreak. LLC 877-464-7834 www.net STRUCTUREPOINT 847-966-4357 www.org Super-Krete International 800-995-1716 www.com Reef Industries 713-507-4251 www.com Quikrete 800-282-5828 www.com Stego Industries.us Rod Chomper.rdtusa.com.com Companies indicated in red are advertisers in this issue of CONcRETE INTERNaTiONaL.com SkimStone/ Rudd Company. Inc.com Sustainable Paving Systems. Inc.com Sioux Corporation 888-763-8833 www.proash. 520-791-7000 www. 800-267-6013 www.com P Paciﬁc Polymer 714-898-0025 www.peri-usa.StructurePoint.olsoninstruments.com R Raven Industries— Engineered Films 605-335-0174. 800-426-3111 www.com Optimet Concrete Products.pacpoly. 418-335-3202 www.com Propex Concrete Systems 423-892-8080 www.com SpecChem.norchem.com STARDEK 800-282-1599 www. LLC 866-791-8700 www.pilemedic.Company Directory Norchem. 888-SCHWING (724-9464) www. 800-344-4753. Inc.smithmfg.com O Olson Instruments 303-423-1212 www. Inc.sensoft.nycon. www.com Sensors and Software.reedpumps.com PERI Formwork Systems Inc.com The Sherwin Williams Co.specchemllc.
suwanneecement.wackerneuson.titanformwork.com VSL/VSTRUCTURAL 888-489-2687 www.synthoninc.R.com Wall Firma.stmaryscement.com Wadco Industries.ﬂatﬂoors. 909-874-7800 www.net WerkMaster 604-629-8700 www.com Worldtech Coatings 888-811-8926 www.com ® U U. Inc.com Transpo Industries.usradar.com Y Ytterberg Scientiﬁc Inc. 800-770-0957 www. you can download many of ACI’s publications immediately! ACI’s Online Bookstore— it’s always open! www. 800-783-3227 www. Takeoff and Estimating Software 210-340-9436 www. Inc. Silica Co.com Sylvan Architectural Concrete Form Products 800-842-1990 www. 480-966-8999 www. Inc.com/ concrete SYNTHEON Elemix Concrete Additive 888-922-2353 www. 616-866-0815 www. 800-342-5976 www.vector-corrosion.com T Tekla 770-426-5105 www.com Vitro Minerals 678-729-9333 www. LLC 386-935-5000 www.wrmeadows.unitedcoatings.com Titan Formwork Systems 480-305-1900 www.com W W.com United Coatings 800-341-4383.transpo. 800-345-6170 www.com Wacker Neuson Corporation 262-255-0500.com VIBCO Vibrators 800-663-0032 www. ALWAYS OPEN! You’ll never have to wait for ACI’s Online Bookstore to open. technical reports.worldtechcoatings. 253-395-3631 www. INC. Inc.com Companies indicated in red are advertisers in this issue of CONcRETE INTERNaTiONaL. 215-332-7709 www.thermomass. and industry favorites is always open—waiting for you! Additionally.wadco.com Wagman Metal Products Inc. 800-433-3333.org Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 95 .com US Radar 732-566-2035 www.com Williams Form Engineering Corp. Inc.concrete.net Thermomass 800-232-1748 www. Inc.vexcon.wagnermeters.testmark.com Versatile Building Products.com Votorantim Cement North America 800-268-6148 www.com V Vector Corrosion Technologies Inc.com Wagner Meters 541-582-0541 www.xypex.com/us Test Mark Industries. special publications. 604-273-5265 www. 800-321-7870 www. 204-489-6300 www. 914-636-1000.williamsform. 303-565-1780 www.u-s-silica.S.com WinEstimator.vertigraph. 724-258-6873 www.sylvan-products.com X Xypex Chemical Corp.tekla.garagecoatings.wagmanmetal.vsl.vibco.winest. 717-854-2120 www.vitrominerals.com Vexcon Chemicals.werkmaster. MEADOWS.com Vertigraph Inc. 800-535-3325 www. Inc.wallﬁrma. Our collection of over 400 standards.Company Directory Suwannee American Cement.
org or by calling 248-848-3800 .00) Purchase today at www.CI $192. The companion commentary. provides background information for code provisions.50 (ACI members $116. construction. and inspection. reinforcement detailing requirements for seismic application. in a side-by-side column format to match the corresponding code requirements. The ACI 318-11 edition features some key changes. and much more. including design requirements for adhesive anchors. Over 20 countries worldwide have adopted ACI 318 for use in their national codes. Order Code: 31811.concrete. containing the latest code requirements for structural concrete.NOW AVAILABLE! 2011 Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-11) and Commentary ACI 318 is a must-have standard for all professionals engaged in concrete design.
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.......................................... 11 Bentley Systems.......org............................................................................................................................................................................ 1 The Euclid Chemical Company... $9500............ Inside Back Cover Holcim............................ New New Detroit 14 Liter 515 HP $17250. (10 years experience) •• Plant Manager •• Work Shop Manager Emailed to: ceo@omix................... 55 Olympic Panel Products................................Advertisers’ CI ADVERTISING For Sale For more information........................................................ Inside Front Cover Xypex Corporation......... 21 StructurePoint................................................................. 13 The Quikrete Companies.....................................concrete......com........................................................ 33 Oztec Industries..................................... Sales Manager Network Media Partners (410) 584-8487 E-mail: concrete@networkmediapartners... 2 Decon......................................... to $10500.................................................. 35 CTS Cement Mfg................... 6 Computers & Structures............................................................................ To see a summary of all ACI draft standards in process or recently completed........... Corp... Concrete international DECEMBER 2011 99 ..... contact: Jeff Rhodes............................ •• Cummins QSB 155 HP $5950.................................................................................. Inc....... Inc. 19 CRSI.........................................................com Index •• NEW CUMMINS ISM Engines 385 and 420 HP 2007 CPL 2830 ECM Turbocharger Manifolds Starter Flywheel $14750...............discussion.......... 59 •• New C7 Caterpillar for Automotive and Industrial Stour2 LLC Toledo Ohio 43610 USA 419-248-3321 Stour@stourlimited.................... 15 Humboldt Mfg................... please visit the ACI Web site at www........................... QC / QA (10 years experience) •• Laboratory Tech................. 27 Mala GeoScience...................................... 75 Larsen Products Corp................................................................................................................................................................... Ash Grove...................sa Public Discussion No ACI draft standards are currently open for public discussion..................................................................... 53 ICC Evaluation Service..... Back Cover Cortec Corporation............................................com Ready Mix Concrete Company in Saudi Arabia need: •• Laboratory Engr........ 29 Inspection Instruments Inc. Co..................................................................... 25 Northeast Solite Corporation..........................................
” But. level of stresses.. The answers do not represent the ofﬁcial position of an ACI committee. in effect. We invite comment on any of the questions and answers published in this column.Concrete Q&A Concrete Fire Protection Cover for Reinforcing Steel in Walls I’m trying to determine the concrete cover required for ﬁre protection of reinforcing steel in concrete walls. This is probably due to the low 100 DECEMBER 2011 Concrete international Q. Concrete International.1 through 7. (20 mm).7. 2010. 10-11. J. 2.” Section 7.org. Chicago.7.T.1-071 does not explicitly specify a minimum cover for reinforcing steel in concrete walls. 2011. contact us by fax at (248) 848-3701. “Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-11) and Commentary.” American Concrete Institute.1-07. however. Gross.” American Concrete Institute. In most cases. 199 pp. ACI Committee 216.J. McAllister.1-07. “Best Practice Guidelines for Structural Fire Resistance Design of Concrete and Steel Buildings (NIST TN–1681). Precast and Prestressed Concrete. reserve structural ﬁre endurance within the concrete wall. p. Write to the Editor.. this would require increased cover relative to the minimums in ACI 318: “The minimum thickness of concrete cover to main longitudinal reinforcement in columns.Donahey@concrete.. 3. Section 7. MI.” National Institute of Standards and Technology. 4. Questions in this column were asked by users of ACI documents and have been answered by ACI staff or by a member or members of ACI technical committees. MI 48331. concrete type.”3 References 1. or 2 in. 11 (No.” Some may argue that it would be appropriate to treat a wall as a column. Phan. 1. L. 36).1-07).8 states: “If the general building code (of which this Code forms a part) requires a thickness of cover for ﬁre protection greater than the concrete cover in 7. rather than by structural behavior during ﬁre tests. and the fact that reinforcement generally does not perform a primary structural function.4 As stated in the former: “The ﬁre endurance of concrete walls as determined by ﬁre tests is normally governed by the ASTM criteria for temperature rise of the unexposed surface. 2007. Per ACI 216. such greater thicknesses shall be speciﬁed. whichever is less. M. it states in Section 2. or e-mail Rex. 2010. and Hurley. T. Is this information located in another document? ACI 216.” Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute. times the number of hours of required ﬁre resistance.P. 38800 Country Club Drive. IL. . effective counterarguments are provided by publications such as the PCI Design Handbook3 and a recent best practices guideline from the National Institute of Standards and Technology. Dec. Farmington Hills. Additionally.7.. For reinforced concrete walls not exposed to earth or weather and reinforced with bar sizes up to No. “PCI Design Handbook. regardless of type of aggregate used in the concrete and speciﬁed compressive strength of the concrete. A. ACI Committee 318. I’ve looked in ACI 216. but I can’t ﬁnd any requirements for bar cover in walls. PCI Industry Handbook Committee. Farmington Hills..3 that “Concrete cover shall not be less than required by ACI 318. Farmington Hills. “Code Requirements for Determining Fire Resistance of Concrete and Masonry Construction Assemblies (ACI 216. MI. the minimum cover is 3/4 in. Only a published committee document represents the formal consensus of the committee and the Institute. 32 pp. the amount of cover protection required by code exceeds that required for ﬁre protection. 503 pp.7. even in concrete bearing walls. and reinforcement type. so there is.7 of ACI 318-112 speciﬁes concrete cover based on exposure.L. shall not be less than 1 in.