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COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B. PAGE

1. What variables or unknowns are involved? 2. What quantity is to be maximized or minimized and how do I express that quantity in terms of my unknowns? 3. What constraints do I have? How can I express those constraints in terms of my unknowns? (In linear programming problems, this step results in a set of linear inequalities.)

COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B. PAGE

Example - potter making cups and plates A potter is making cups and plates. It takes her 6 minutes to make a cup and 3 minutes to make a plate. Each cup uses 3/4 lb. of clay and each plate uses one lb. of clay. She has 20 hours available for making the cups and plates and has 250 lbs. of clay on hand. She makes a profit of $2 on each cup and $1.50 on each plate. How many cups and how many plates should she make in order to maximize her profit?

COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B. PAGE

PAGE .x = number of cups the potter makes y = number of plates the potter makes COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B.

of clay on hand. PAGE .Example . Each cup uses 3/4 lb. It takes her 6 minutes to make a cup and 3 minutes to make a plate.potter making cups and plates A potter is making cups and plates. She has 20 hours available for making the cups and plates and has 250 lbs. of clay.50 on each plate. She makes a profit of $2 on each cup and $1. of clay and each plate uses one lb. How many cups and how many plates should she make in order to maximize her profit? COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B.

50y COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B. so P = $2x + $1. PAGE .50/plate)(y plates).x = number of cups the potter makes y = number of plates the potter makes P = ($2/cup)(x cups) + ($1.

50y Time constraint: time on cups + time on plates ! time available COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B.x = number of cups the potter makes y = number of plates the potter makes P = ($2/cup)(x cups) + ($1. PAGE . so P = $2x + $1.50/plate)(y plates).

of clay on hand. of clay. of clay and each plate uses one lb. She makes a profit of $2 on each cup and $1. Each cup uses 3/4 lb. How many cups and how many plates should she make in order to maximize her profit? COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B.50 on each plate. She has 20 hours available for making the cups and plates and has 250 lbs.potter making cups and plates A potter is making cups and plates.Example . PAGE . It takes her 6 minutes to make a cup and 3 minutes to make a plate.

/cup)(x cups) + (3min.)(60 min./hr.50/plate)(y plates)./plate)(y plates) ! (20 hrs.50y Time constraint: time on cups + time on plates ! time available (6 min. PAGE .x = number of cups the potter makes y = number of plates the potter makes P = ($2/cup)(x cups) + ($1.) or 6x + 3y ! 1200 COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B. so P = $2x + $1.

) or 6x + 3y ! 1200 Clay constraint: clay for cups + clay for plates ! clay available COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B.50y Time constraint: time on cups + time on plates ! time available (6 min.)(60 min. so P = $2x + $1./hr.x = number of cups the potter makes y = number of plates the potter makes P = ($2/cup)(x cups) + ($1./plate)(y plates) ! (20 hrs./cup)(x cups) + (3min.50/plate)(y plates). PAGE .

of clay. of clay on hand. She has 20 hours available for making the cups and plates and has 250 lbs.potter making cups and plates A potter is making cups and plates. PAGE . She makes a profit of $2 on each cup and $1.50 on each plate.Example . It takes her 6 minutes to make a cup and 3 minutes to make a plate. of clay and each plate uses one lb. How many cups and how many plates should she make in order to maximize her profit? COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B. Each cup uses 3/4 lb.

/hr.50/plate)(y plates).x = number of cups the potter makes y = number of plates the potter makes P = ($2/cup)(x cups) + ($1. of clay . of clay/plate)(y plates) ! 250 lbs.75x + y ! 250 COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B.50y Time constraint: time on cups + time on plates ! time available (6 min.)(60 min. PAGE ./cup)(x cups) + (3min. so P = $2x + $1.) or 6x + 3y ! 1200 Clay constraint: clay for cups + clay for plates ! clay available (3/4 lb. of clay/cup)(x cups) + (1 lb./plate)(y plates) ! (20 hrs.

75x + y ! 250 Non-negative constraints: x " 0.50/plate)(y plates)./plate)(y plates) ! (20 hrs. so P = $2x + $1./hr.50y Time constraint: time on cups + time on plates ! time available (6 min.x = number of cups the potter makes y = number of plates the potter makes P = ($2/cup)(x cups) + ($1.)(60 min. of clay/cup)(x cups) + (1 lb.) or 6x + 3y ! 1200 Clay constraint: clay for cups + clay for plates ! clay available (3/4 lb. PAGE . of clay . of clay/plate)(y plates) ! 250 lbs./cup)(x cups) + (3min. y " 0 COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B.

75x + y ! 250 x"0 y"0 COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B.50y Constraints: 6x + 3y ! 1200 .Summary: x = number of cups the potter makes y = number of plates the potter makes The potter wants to maximize profit P = $2x + $1. PAGE .

What variables or unknowns are involved? 2. What quantity is to be maximized or minimized and how do I express that quantity in terms of my unknowns? 3.) COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B.1. What constraints do I have? How can I express those constraints in terms of my unknowns? (In linear programming problems. PAGE . this step results in a set of linear inequalities.

PAGE .50y Constraints: 6x + 3y ! 1200 .Summary: x = number of cups the potter makes y = number of plates the potter makes The potter wants to maximize profit P = $2x + $1.75x + y ! 250 x"0 y"0 Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B.

her expenses are $100.200 bushels and the farmer has only $20. If the total amount of storage space available is 19. PAGE .Farmer planting corn and soybeans A farmer has a 320 acre farm on which she plants two crops: corn and soybeans. For each acre of corn planted. her expenses are $50 and for each acre of soybeans planted. Each acre of corn requires 100 bushels of storage and yields a profit of $60.000 on hand. how many acres of each crop should she plant in order to maximize her profit? What will her profit be if she follows this strategy? COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B. each acre of soybeans requires 40 bushels of storage and yields a profit of $90.

her expenses are $100.000 on hand. Each acre of corn requires 100 bushels of storage and yields a profit of $60. each acre of soybeans requires 40 bushels of storage and yields a profit of $90. her expenses are $50 and for each acre of soybeans planted.Farmer planting corn and soybeans A farmer has a 320 acre farm on which she plants two crops: corn and soybeans.200 bushels and the farmer has only $20. For each acre of corn planted. PAGE . how many acres of each crop should she plant in order to maximize her profit? What will her profit be if she follows this strategy? x = # acres of corn y = # acres of soybeans COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B. If the total amount of storage space available is 19.

PAGE .x = # acres of corn y = # acres of soybeans Maximize P = 60x + 90y COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B.

Each acre of corn requires 100 bushels of storage and yields a profit of $60. how many acres of each crop should she plant in order to maximize her profit? What will her profit be if she follows this strategy? x = # acres of corn y = # acres of soybeans COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B.000 on hand. her expenses are $50 and for each acre of soybeans planted.Farmer planting corn and soybeans A farmer has a 320 acre farm on which she plants two crops: corn and soybeans. PAGE . For each acre of corn planted. If the total amount of storage space available is 19. her expenses are $100. each acre of soybeans requires 40 bushels of storage and yields a profit of $90.200 bushels and the farmer has only $20.

PAGE .x = # acres of corn y = # acres of soybeans Maximize P = 60x + 90y land constraint: x + y ! 320 COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B.

If the total amount of storage space available is 19. how many acres of each crop should she plant in order to maximize her profit? What will her profit be if she follows this strategy? x = # acres of corn y = # acres of soybeans COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B. Each acre of corn requires 100 bushels of storage and yields a profit of $60. PAGE . her expenses are $100.000 on hand. For each acre of corn planted. her expenses are $50 and for each acre of soybeans planted. each acre of soybeans requires 40 bushels of storage and yields a profit of $90.Farmer planting corn and soybeans A farmer has a 320 acre farm on which she plants two crops: corn and soybeans.200 bushels and the farmer has only $20.

PAGE .000 COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B.x = # acres of corn y = # acres of soybeans Maximize P = 60x + 90y land constraint: x + y ! 320 $ constraint: 50x + 100y ! 20.

200 bushels and the farmer has only $20.Farmer planting corn and soybeans A farmer has a 320 acre farm on which she plants two crops: corn and soybeans. For each acre of corn planted. how many acres of each crop should she plant in order to maximize her profit? What will her profit be if she follows this strategy? x = # acres of corn y = # acres of soybeans COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B. each acre of soybeans requires 40 bushels of storage and yields a profit of $90. PAGE . If the total amount of storage space available is 19. Each acre of corn requires 100 bushels of storage and yields a profit of $60. her expenses are $100. her expenses are $50 and for each acre of soybeans planted.000 on hand.

000 storage constraint: 100x + 40y ! 19.200 COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B.x = # acres of corn y = # acres of soybeans Maximize P = 60x + 90y land constraint: x + y ! 320 $ constraint: 50x + 100y ! 20. PAGE .

x = # acres of corn y = # acres of soybeans Maximize P = 60x + 90y land constraint: x + y ! 320 $ constraint: 50x + 100y ! 20.000 storage constraint: 100x + 40y ! 19.200 non-negative constraints: x " 0. PAGE . y " 0 COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B.

of labor. Each pound of aluminum wire requires 5 kwh of electricity and 1/4 hr.Example . how much of each should be produced to maximize profit and what is the maximum profit? COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B.Aluminum and Copper Wire A plant makes aluminum and copper wire. of labor. Production of copper wire is restricted by the fact that raw materials are available to produce at most 60 lbs../day./day. If the profit from aluminum wire is $.25/lb.40/lb. PAGE . Electricity is limited to 500 kwh/day and labor to 40 person–hrs. and the profit from copper is $. Each pound of copper wire requires 2 kwh of electricity and 1/2 hr.

of aluminum wire y = number of lbs.x = number of lbs. of copper wire COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B. PAGE .

If the profit from aluminum wire is $.Aluminum and Copper Wire A plant makes aluminum and copper wire. Electricity is limited to 500 kwh/day and labor to 40 person–hrs. PAGE .Example . of labor. Each pound of aluminum wire requires 5 kwh of electricity and 1/4 hr. and the profit from copper is $. Production of copper wire is restricted by the fact that raw materials are available to produce at most 60 lbs./day./day.40/lb.. of labor. Each pound of copper wire requires 2 kwh of electricity and 1/2 hr.25/lb. how much of each should be produced to maximize profit and what is the maximum profit? COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B.

40y COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B. of copper wire Maximize P = $. of aluminum wire y = number of lbs. PAGE .x = number of lbs.25x + $.

of labor./day. PAGE . Each pound of copper wire requires 2 kwh of electricity and 1/2 hr. If the profit from aluminum wire is $.40/lb.. how much of each should be produced to maximize profit and what is the maximum profit? COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B. Electricity is limited to 500 kwh/day and labor to 40 person–hrs. Production of copper wire is restricted by the fact that raw materials are available to produce at most 60 lbs.Aluminum and Copper Wire A plant makes aluminum and copper wire.Example .25/lb./day. of labor. Each pound of aluminum wire requires 5 kwh of electricity and 1/4 hr. and the profit from copper is $.

x = number of lbs.25x + $. of aluminum wire y = number of lbs.40y Constraints: y ! 60 COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B. PAGE . of copper wire Maximize P = $.

40y Constraints: y ! 60 5x + 2y ! 500 COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B.x = number of lbs. PAGE .25x + $. of copper wire Maximize P = $. of aluminum wire y = number of lbs.

25x + $.25x + . of copper wire Maximize P = $. of aluminum wire y = number of lbs.5y ! 40 COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B.x = number of lbs. PAGE .40y Constraints: y ! 60 5x + 2y ! 500 .

x = number of lbs.25x + . of copper wire Maximize P = $.25x + $. PAGE .40y Constraints: y ! 60 5x + 2y ! 500 .5y ! 40 x"0 y"0 COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B. of aluminum wire y = number of lbs.

how many of each type should be made at each plant in order to maximize profit? What is the maximum profit? COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B. one in Hickory and one in Lenoir. The company wants to limit production to a maximum of 250 regular sofas and 350 long sofas each day. at two locations. can produce at most 250 sofas daily in any combination and makes a regular sofa for $135 and a long sofa for $180. The Lenoir plant has a daily operating budget of $36.000. regular and long. It costs $150 to make a regular sofa and $200 to make a long sofa at the Hickory plant.Sofa Factories A company makes two types of sofas. The plant in Hickory has a daily operating budget of $45.000 and can produce at most 300 sofas daily in any combination. PAGE . If the company makes a profit of $50 on each regular sofa and $70 on each long sofa.

000 Hickory sofa limit: x + y ! 300 $ constraint at Lenoir: 135z + 180w ! 36. w " 0 Maximize profit P = 50x + 70y + 50z + 70w COPYRIGHT © 2006 by LAVON B.Sofa Factories x = regular sofas made in Hickory y = long sofas made in Hickory z = regular sofas made in Lenoir w = long sofas made in Lenoir $ constraint at Hickory: 150x + 200y ! 45. y " 0. z " 0.000 Lenoir sofa limit: z + w ! 250 regular sofa limit: x + z ! 250 long sofa limit: y + w ! 350 non-neg: x " 0. PAGE .

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