ENGLISH GRAMMAR Conditional Sentences

CONDITIONAL SENTENCES
INTRODUCTION
Las oraciones condicionales están formadas por dos partes:
1. La if-clause (oración condicional)
2. La main clause (oración principal)
Se puede comenzar la oración con la main-clause o por la if-clause. Cuando la oración comienza con IF,
WHEN O UNLESS ponemos una coma entre la if-clause y la main clause. Pero si la oración comienza por la
main clause, no se separan las dos partes de la oración por una coma.
If the temperatura drops to 0ºC, water turns into ice.
Water turns into ice if the temperature drops to 0ºC. (El agua se congela si la temperature baja a
0ºC.)
Existen cuatro tipos de oraciones condicionales.
ZERO CONDITIONAL
IF-CLAUSE

MAIN CLAUSE

Present Simple Present Simple
Utilizamos la Zero Conditional para expresar hechos que siempre ocurren de la forma indicada por la ifclause, como por ejemplo verdades generales o leyes naturales.
If you heat water, it boils. (Si calientas agua, hierve.)
People wear lighter clothes when it is hot. (La gente lleva ropa más ligera cuando hace calor.)
El tiempo verbal utilizado en estas oraciones es el Present Simple tanto para la if-clause y como para la
main clause.
If he comes home early, he sits in the garden. (Si viene a casa pronto, se sienta en el jardín.)
Podemos utilizar WHEN en lugar de IF.
When / If I am tired, I get black circles under my eyes. (Cuando / Si estoy cansado, tengo ojeras.)
FIRST CONDITIONAL
IF-CLAUSE

MAIN CLAUSE

Present Simple

Future Simple
Imperative
Modal Verb

Utilizamos la First Conditional para expresar algo que es posible o probable que ocurra en el presente o el
futuro.
If we finish early, we will go to the cinema. (Si terminamos pronto, iremos al cine.)
En estas oraciones utilizamos el Present Simple para la if-clause y el Future Simple para la main clause.
If he comes, I’ll go. (Si él viene, yo iré.)
If we hurry, we won’t be late. (Si nos damos prisa, no llegaremos tarde.)
En la main clause también podemos utilizar el imperativo o un verbo modal (may, can, must, have to, etc.)
seguido de infinitivo en lugar del Future Simple.
If you are hungry, make a sandwich. ( Si tienes hambre, haz un bocadillo.)

If I were prime Minister. If you promise to be careful. te ayudaría. Su significado es siempre que. haría las vacaciones escolares más largas. encontraría un trabajo. / Si no te das prisa…) Las expresiones PROVIDED (THAT). estudiaría más para este examen. (Si tuviera tiempo. viajaría al espacio. a condición de que. UNLESS nunca puede ir seguido de una oración negativa.En la Second Conditional podemos usar la forma WERE en la if-clause para todas las personas. utilizamos If I were you en la if-clause y would en la main clause. you can use my computer.) . should. Esto es obligatorio cuando se utiliza este tipo de oración para dar consejos.Hablar de algo que no se refiere al presente pero que puede ocurrir en el futuro.) seguido de infinitvo en lugar del Conditional Simple. (Siempre que / A condición de que / con tal de que prometas tener cuidado. llegaremos tarde. / If you don’t hurry up.En estas oraciones utilizamos el Past Simple para la if-clause y el Conditional Simple (would) para la main clause. Unless you hurry up.If you don’t feel well.) En la First Conditional podemos utilizar UNLESS (a menos que) en lugar de IF + oración negativa. If he weren’t so lazy. I would travel into space. If I had time.) En la if-clause también podemos utilizar Present Continuous en lugar de Present Simple. (Si fuera Primer Ministro. (Si tuviera alas. If I were you. might. utilizamos el verbo WISH seguido de una oración con el verbo en Past Simple. (Si vienen a comer. podría dejármelo.) .En la main-clause también podemos utilizar un verbo modal (could. debes ver a un médico. you must see a doctor.) .) Provided (that) / Providing (that) / As long as / So long as you promise to be careful. o para situaciones imaginarias. PROVIDING (THAT). you can use my computer.) . con tal (de) que. If I became astronaut. (Si llegara a ser astronauta.) . we’ll have to buy some more food. Si . I wouldn´t do that. If he had the book. (Si fuera tú / Yo en tu lugar. (Si no te encuentras bien. we’ll be late. ought to. (Si prometes tener cuidado. I would make school holidays longer. he would find a job. (Si tuviera el libro. (A menos que te des prisa. etc.Hablar de algo que no se refiere el presente y es bastante imposible que ocurra en el futuro. I could fly like Peter Pan. I would help you. I would study harder for this test. (Si no fuera tan perezoso. tendremos que comprar más comida. puedes usar mi ordenador.Dar consejos. podría volar como Peter Pan.) If I had wings. En este caso.Si queremos expresar un deseo para el presente o para algo que nos hubiera gustado que fuera diferente.) . AS LONG AS y SO LONG AS se pueden utilizar en la First Conditional en lugar de IF para enfatizar la condición. he might lend it to me. If they are comino for lunch. (Yo en tu lugar no haría eso.) If I were you. puedes usar mi ordenador.) SECOND CONDITIONAL IF-CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE Past Simple Conditional Simple Modal Verb 2 Utilizamos la Second Conditional para: . we’ll be late.

If I had been more careful. etc.) + have + participio en lugar del Conditional Perfect.) . (Si me hubiera dejado el dinero. habría comprado ese coche.) If he had followed the instructions.) . (Si hubiera salido a tiempo. If I hadn’t been so careless. utilizamos WERE para todas las personas. (Si hubiera tenido más cuidado. no habría roto el vaso. (Si no hubiera sido tan descuidado. I would have bought that car. he wouldn’t have missed his flight.) .) THIRD CONDITIONAL IF-CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE Past Perfect Conditional Perfect Modal Perfect Utilizamos la Third Conditonal para: .Expresar nuestro pesar por algo que hemos o no hemos hecho o para ser críticos con las acciones de alguien.ENGLISH GRAMMAR Conditional Sentences queremos utilizar el verbo TO BE en la segunda oración. I wouldn’t be in trouble now. If I had been more careful. (Si hubiera tenido más cuidado.) I wish Peter were here.) I would have gone on holiday if I hadn’t been ill. podría no haber roto el vaso. should. If he had left on time. I might not have broken the glass. (Desearía que Peter estuviera aquí. no habría estropeado el reproductor de CD. no habría perdido su vuelo. (Desearía tener más dinero. I wouldn’t have broken the glass. Este tipo de condicionales se refiere al resultado que una acción que sucedió en el pasado tiene en el presente. he wouldn’t have damaged the CD player. I WISH + Past Simple I WISH + were I WISH + could I wish I had more money. might.En la main clause también podemos utilizar un verbo modal (could.) MIXED CONDITIONALS Podemos crear Conditional Sentences utilizando la if-clause de la Third Conditional y la main clause de la Second Conditional. (Si hubiera seguido las instrucciones. (Habría ido de vacaciones si no hubiera estado enfermo.Referirnos a algo que podría haber sucedido en el pasado pero no sucedió.) I wish I were famous. ahora no tendría problemas. (Desearía que pudiéramos ir a España. En muchos casos detrás de I WISH utilizamos COULD. ought to. (Desearía ser famoso.) . If he had lent me the money.Expresar como imaginamos que algo hubiera sido si las cosas hubieran ocurrido de forma diferente.) I wish we could go to Spain.

11) Si fueras a ver esa película. habría tenido que invitar a Carlos. Oxford University Press. 2003 . 16) Si vamos al hospital. present result) Past Perfect (had + past participle) Conditional Simple (would + infinitive) Past Perfect (had + past participle) Modal verb + infinitive BIBLIOGRAPHY . 1995 . le veríamos. 8) Iríamos de vacaciones si compráramos un coche. A Practical English Grammar.V. Thomson and A. Grammar Time 5. Longman. 3) Habría ido a París si hubiera tenido dinero. le veremos. J. tendría que invitar a Carlos. Jervis. 7) Iremos de vacaciones si compramos un coche. 2003 EXERCISES 1.M. 5) Me casaría contigo si me quisieras. tendré que invitar a Carlos. 2003 . 1) Iré a París si tengo dinero.IF-CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE Zero Conditional (always) Present Simple Present Simple First Conditional (present or future time) Present Simple Future Simple (will + infinitive) Present Simple Modal verb + infinitive Present Simple Imperative Present Continuous Future Simple (will + infinitive) Second Conditional (present or future time) Past Simple Conditional Simple (would + infinitive) Past Simple Modal verb + infinitive Third Conditional (past time) Past Perfect (had + past participle) Conditional Perfect (would + have + past participle) Past Perfect (had + past participle) Modal verb + have + past participle Mixed Conditional (past action. no dormirás. 14) Si invitara a Luis. Translate the following sentences into English.S. 12) Si hubieras ido a ver esa película.V. 9) Habríamos ido de vacaciones si hubiéramos comprado un coche. 17) Si fuéramos al hospital. 15) Si hubiera invitado a Luis. Longman. Carling and S. no habrías dormido. Evans. 2) Iría a París si tuviera dinero. . 4) Me casaré contigo si me quieres.A. no dormirías. Grammar Time 6. Jervis.M. 10) Si vas a ver esa película. Longman. 6) Me habría casado contigo si me hubieras querido. 13) Si invito a Luis. 1986 4 . Grammar Time 4. Martinet. Round-Up (English Grammar Practice). Longman. Carling.

26) Si fuera a Madrid. 21) Si hubiera salido. 32) Si preguntaras. te daría mi CD. 35) Si perdieras el dinero. habrías tenido frío. 42) Si Peter no hubiera conducido tan deprisa. . le habríamos visto. 56) Si Elvis hubiera llevado una vida más saludable. 6) If you ______________ (put) butter near the fire. me compraría una bicicleta nueva. 31) Si preguntas. 53) Si estuviera más delgado. 3) If you ______________ (heat) water to 100ºC. 43) No cogeremos el tren a menos que nos demos prisa. te llevaría conmigo. 23) Si dejaras la puerta abierta. 36) Si hubieras perdido el dinero. me sentiría mejor. 57) Si hubieras estudiado más. 51) No te invitarán a la fiesta a menos que les pidas disculpas. 4) ______________ (take) a taxi if you ________________ (be) in a hurry. comeré contigo. lo habrías encontrado. 50) Yo en tu lugar no haría nada. 41) No saldremos esta noche si llueve. 40) Si tengo hambre. 22) Si dejas la puerta abierta. 33) Si hubieras preguntado. te habría dado mi CD. 29) Si abriera la ventana. lo encontrarías. 34) Si pierdes el dinero. 48) Si te duele la cabeza. te daré mi CD. 20) Si saliera. 47) Si no apruebas los exámenes. habrías tenido problemas. 38) Si perdiera. 1) If he __has_________ (have) got a temperature. 27) Si hubiera ido a Madrid. tendrás problemas. it _______________ (melt). 5) If it ________________ (be) too late when you get home. 37) Si pierdo. 55) No habría salido si hubiera hecho frío. os habríamos visitado. te habría llevado conmigo.ENGLISH GRAMMAR Conditional Sentences 18) Si hubiéramos ido al hospital. 2. trabajarás todo el verano. el perro habría entrado. 19) Si sale. echará la carta. tendrías problemas. 25) Si voy a Madrid. 44) ¿Qué harías si ganaras 10 millones de euros? 45) ¿Dónde habrían ido este verano si hubieran viajado al extranjero? 46) Si tienes hambre. Use Zero and First Conditional Clauses to complete the sentences. echaría la carta. te llevaré conmigo. 24) Si hubieras dejado la puerta abierta. 28) Si abro la ventana. el perro entrará. el perro entraría. puedes comer fruta. lo encontrarás. 49) Si tuviera más dinero. no habrías suspendido el examen. 52) Si te acuestas tarde. ________________ (not/wake) me up. estarás cansada por la mañana. 30) Si hubiera abierto la ventana. no habría tenido el accidente. 2) ______________ (take) your umbrella if it ________________ (rain). tendrás frío. toma una aspirina. __call_______ (call) the doctor. no se hubiera muerto tan joven. tendrías frío. habría echado la carta. 54) Si hubiéramos sabido que estabais en casa. 39) Si hubiera perdido. it _______________ (boil).

1) If we don’t hurry. she’ll send me a postcard. we _____________________ (miss) the bus. Match and make sentences. 5) If she ____________________ (go) to Paris. 6) If we _____________________ (not/be) busy. 5. 6) You ______________________ (get) fat if you ___________________ (not/stop) eating so much. 10) If she _______________________ (hurry). we ___________________ (go) to the beach. we ___________________ (not/go) out. he won’t go out. we’ll stay at home. I __will come____ (come) with you. 8) If he ______________________ (not/finish) his homework. 6 12) If they are late. they ______________________ (miss) the bus. I _____________________ (make) you a sandwich. ___We won’t buy any fish today unless it is cheaper than yesterday. 10) You ________________________ (not/go) to the party if you _________________ (not/do) your homework. she ____________________ (not/pass) the test. 11) If it rains. 3) I ____________________ (call) you if I ___________________ (have) time. Complete with the First Conditional. I will be very upset. 1) wear a coat 2) go to bed late 3) touch that hot pan 4) take an aspirin 5) not take an umbrella with you 6) not hurry 7) drive too fast 8) leave your bag here a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) get wet have an accident not be cold be tired tomorrow feel better burn yourself lose it be late 1) If you _wear a coat. I _____________________ (give) her your message. 1) If I ___am not_________ (not/be) busy. ______________________________________________________________________________ 4) If it doesn’t stop raining. 9) If he ______________________ (come). ______________________________________________________________________________ 5) If he doesn’t go to the post office. 2) If I see her. you aren’t cold. they’ll be disappointed. she won’t be late. 4) If she ___________________ (not/study) hard. we ___will be____________ (be) late. 5) If the weather ___________________ (be) nice. ______________________________________________________________________________ 4. 4) If he _____________________ (not/come) to the party._______________________ 2) If you don’t go to the party. 6. I’ll talk to him. we’ll come with you. I ______________________ (tell) him about the party.____________________________________________________ . ______________________________________________________________________________ 3) I can’t help her if she doesn’t want to talk to me. 3) If you’re hungry. 2) If it __________________ (rain). 8) Mum _______________________ (be) very angry if I ____________________ (not/tidy) my room. Complete the following sentences. 7) If he does that again. 9) If we _______________________ (not/leave) now. ______________________________________________________________________________ 6) George won’t come out of hospital if he doesn’t feel better. 7) If I ______________________ (see) John. we __________________ (stay) at home. he won’t buy the stamps.3. 1) We won’t buy any fish today if it isn’t cheaper than yesterday. dad ____________________ (be) very angry. Rewrite these sentences using UNLESS.

Complete the sentences. 2) Will you take me with you if you _______________________________ (go) to the beach? 3) If Kelly invites me to the party. I ______________________________ (not/tell) Mum. Match and write Zero Conditional sentences. they will get burnt! 8) Rosie will get into trouble is she _______________________________ (not/go) home soon. tell him I’m in a meeting. Read. Sharon won’t go out with him. 4) The man will hurt himself if he _______________________________ (jump) from that height. 1) you mix blue and yellow a) it rains 2) clouds meet cold air b) you feel thirsty 3) there is no gravity c) water freezes 4) you do not eat d) objects do not fall 5) a cat falls from a height e) it lands on its feet 6) you do not sleep well f) you get green 7) it is hot g) you lose weight 8) the temperature falls below 0ºC h) you feel tired 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) When you mix blue and yellow. 2) If you have time. choose and complete. .___________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ 8.ENGLISH GRAMMAR Conditional Sentences 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) If you ____________________________________________________________________________ If you ____________________________________________________________________________ If you ____________________________________________________________________________ If you ____________________________________________________________________________ If you ____________________________________________________________________________ If you ____________________________________________________________________________ If you ____________________________________________________________________________ 7. Complete the list of notes her boss has left for her. 5) If you clear up this mess now. COME MAKE NOT HAVE NOT POST GIVE SEE 1) If Mr Barnes ______comes_______________. 9. you get green. Today it is Jenny’s first day at work. will Mrs Hardy give it to Tom? 10) He ______________________________ (stay) for lunch if she asks him. 1) If Liam _____doesn’t shave_______ (not/shave) off his beard. I _______________________________ (go). 9) If Peter __________________________________ (not/like) the sweater. 6) ____________________________________ (you/look) after my dog if I go away on holiday? 7) If they ______________________________ (not/come) out of the sun. ________________________ a hundred copies of this document.

you _____________________________________________________. I’ll forget to post the letter. (if) _________________________________________________________________________________ 3) She won’t find tickets for the concert if she doesn’t book them soon. you _________________________________________________. Read. I’ll call the police. 1) If we don’t leave now. (might) 11. 1) if / we / be / late – we / miss / the beginning of the film ___If we are late. _________________________ them. get a small part in a film meet Stanley and Peter need your help 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) visit us go to bed invite our friends for dinner make some fresh lemonade see this film If Fiona is lucky. 12. we’ll miss the beginning of the film. choose and complete. I ______________________________________________________. (could) If you go to the park now. don’t send them to my office. (may) If the work is difficult. we’ll go to the football match. I _____________________________________________________._________________________________________ 2) Unless they stop that noise. (if) _________________________________________________________________________________ 6) Unless it rains. (can) If you like comedies. we __________________________________________________. (unless) _________________________________________________________________________________ 5) The mirror will fall unless you use a strong nail. it will take me ages to cut the grass. ask them to do the windows downstairs. 6) If / Unless I finish my homework. (if) _________________________________________________________________________________ 7) They’ll stay in a hotel if their relatives don’t have a spare room. they’ll leave without you. (should) If we catch a lot of fish. (unless) _________________________________________________________________________________ 8) Unless you remind me. (must) If Tricia is in our town. Circle the correct answer. If visitors __________________________ an appointment. 2) If / Unless you are not on time. ______________________ them to Mark. we’ll be late for school. she __may get a small part in a film__________________________. (may) If you’re tired. you ___________________________________________________. (if) _________________________________________________________________________________ 13. 8 4) If / Unless she doesn’t tidy her room. Write First Conditional sentences using the prompts. her mother will be angry. (might) If you are thirsty. If you finish the letters. (unless) ___Unless we leave now. Rewrite these sentences using the word given. If you ________________________ the cleaners. we’ll be late for school. I can’t come out with you. I want to see them first. she ____________________________________________________. 1) If / Unless he apologises. 10. 5) We’ll go to the beach tomorrow if / unless it rains.3) 4) 5) 6) If you don’t need the store room keys. 7) We won’t have anything to eat if / unless we don’t go to the supermarket. 3) Stanley won’t be able to finish the article if / unless Leslie doesn’t help him. (unless) _________________________________________________________________________________ 4) If I don’t borrow Patrick’s lawn mower. I’ll never speak to him again.______________________________________ .

__________________ (ask) Mr Walters. _________________________________________________________________________________ 5) I / come / with you – unless / I / be / busy _________________________________________________________________________________ 6) unless / you / give / the dog / a bone – it / not go / away _________________________________________________________________________________ 7) unless / she / rest – she / become / ill _________________________________________________________________________________ 8) if / I / find / Leslie’s book – I / send / it / to her _________________________________________________________________________________ 14. Form Zero Conditional sentences. 1) You ____will feel_____________ (feel) better if you ____take_____________ (take) an aspirin. I _______________________ (might / stay) at home. Complete the First Conditional sentences. 9) If the pain ________________________ (not / stop).ENGLISH GRAMMAR Conditional Sentences 2) if / it / snow – the children / make / a snowman _________________________________________________________________________________ 3) unless / you / work / harder – you / fail / the exam _________________________________________________________________________________ 4) he / not like / the food – if / you / not put / more salt in it. 7) If you _________________________ (not / know) the answer. 6) If David ________________________ (invite) Janice. ____Jack always brings flowers when he comes to visit us. we _______________________ (have) a great time. . 2) If they ______________________ (come) with us. 1) Jack / always / bring / flowers / when / he / come / to visit us. I _____________________ (see) a doctor. 8) Jack _________________________ (move) to Scotland if he ____________________ (find) a good job there. I _____________________ (not / go) to his party.__________________________________ 2) if / you / mix / red and blue / you / get / purple _________________________________________________________________________________ 3) glass / break / when / you / heat / it ? _________________________________________________________________________________ 4) if / you / not eat / you / get / thin _________________________________________________________________________________ 5) when / the weather / be / nice / I / walk / to work _________________________________________________________________________________ 6) your brother / help / you / with your homework / when / he / have / time ? _________________________________________________________________________________ 7) I / usually / read / a good book / when / I / not be / busy _________________________________________________________________________________ 8) if / plants / not get / enough water / they / die _________________________________________________________________________________ 15. 3) If it _______________________ (rain). 4) ________________________ (you / post) this letter for me if you ______________________ (not / be ) too busy? 5) You __________________________ (should / apologise) if it _________________ (be) your fault.

Rewrite the sentences using the words given. (if) _________________________________________________________________________________ 3) We’ll go to the cinema tonight if I’m not too tired. you won’t know what to do. I won’t tell Mum what you did. 16. you’ll fail the test. (if) _________________________________________________________________________________ 10 10) He will never find a job unless he starts looking for one now. (so long as) _________________________________________________________________________________ 7) If they offer him enough money. (unless) _________________________________________________________________________________ 9) I’ll be back at six unless I have to work late. (if) _________________________________________________________________________________ 5) If the neighbours don’t stop making that awful noise. (providing) _________________________________________________________________________________ 5) You can borrow my car provided you bring it back at four. he will accept. (unless) ____You won’t finish on time unless you start now. 1) You won’t finish on time if you don’t start now. (if) _________________________________________________________________________________ 8) She won’t hear you if you don’t speak louder. (if) _________________________________________________________________________________ 3) If you let me wear your sweater. (provided) __I’ll let you go to Philip’s house provided you tidy your room. (unless) _________________________________________________________________________________ 6) Mum won’t let him go out if he doesn’t finish his homework first._______________________________ 2) Provided I finish work early tomorrow. I’ll come with you. (as long as) _________________________________________________________________________________ 4) Aunt Josephine will be here at eight as long as her train arrives on time. 11) What _________________________ (you / tell) Andrew if he _____________________ (ask) you? 12) Anne ________________________ (can / borrow) her brother’s car if she ___________________ (ask) him nicely. (so long as) _________________________________________________________________________________ 8) I’ll tell you all about it as long as you promise to keep it a secret. (unless) _________________________________________________________________________________ 7) The headache won’t go away unless you do something about it. (providing) _________________________________________________________________________________ . (if) _________________________________________________________________________________ 17. I’ll call the police. 1) I’ll let you go to Philip’s house if you tidy your room. Rewrite the sentences using the word given.________________________________________ 2) Unless you read the instructions. (unless) _________________________________________________________________________________ 4) Unless you study harder. ________________________ (not / wear) it.10) If you _______________________ (not / like) that dress. (as long as) _________________________________________________________________________________ 6) I’ll go to the party as long as you come with me.

say hello  7. 2) If I __________________________ (be) you.________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ 20. I would make a cup of tea. 6) If she had time. Complete with the Second Conditional. make a cup of tea 5. call the doctor 6. spend it  b. What would you do if you were alone on a desert island? a. What would you do if you saw a tiger in your garden? a. eat some soup 8. take an aspirin 3. drink some orange juice 1) ____If I were you. she __________________________ (go) to the gym. start crying 6. start running 5. take a picture of it  b. I would call the police. What would you do if…? 1. What would you do if you saw a ghost? a. What would you do if you found a bag full of money on a bus? a. Use the Second Conditional. Give him some advice. 7) If I __________________________ (meet) an alien. not touch it  1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) ____If he won £1000. 4) I _________________________ (help) him if I were you. stay in bed all day 2. 1) If he __________________________ (exercise). 8) If I __________________________ (go) to New York. 3) I _________________________ (buy) a new jacket if I had some money. stay in bed for two days 4. keep it 4. save it 2. ask for an autograph  3. I wouldn’t be scared._____________________________________________ 2) _________________________________________________________________________________ 3) _________________________________________________________________________________ 4) _________________________________________________________________________________ 5) _________________________________________________________________________________ 6) _________________________________________________________________________________ 7) _________________________________________________________________________________ 8) _________________________________________________________________________________ . What would you do if you saw an alien? a. faint b.ENGLISH GRAMMAR Conditional Sentences 18. not go to school tomorrow 7. What would you do if you met your favourite actor? a. 19. keep it as a pet b. 1. give it to the police  b. What would you do if you won £ 1000? a. Peter is ill in bed. Look at Stanley’s answers and form sentences. Begin with “If I were you”. he would spend it. scream b. 5) I would travel round the world if I ___________________________ (win) the lottery. I would visit the Empire State building. go fishing every day  b. he would be healthier.

feel better 7. We 4______________________ (have) a great time. will / would they invite you? 6) If she knew / knows how to drive. I can’t come to the cinema with you. I 6__________________ (keep) one as a pet and then I 7___________________ (have) some real company. I 9___________________ (choose) something funny. Mary not make so much noise 4.___________________________________________________ 2) _________________________________________________________________________________ 3) _________________________________________________________________________________ 4) _________________________________________________________________________________ 5) _________________________________________________________________________________ 6) _________________________________________________________________________________ 7) _________________________________________________________________________________ 22. Then I 2_____________________ (take) a knife. what would you take with you:  To help you survive?  For company  For entertainment? “If I had to spend a month on a desert island. Read and write sentences beginning with “I wish”. 1) If she would live / lived in London. We 6 ___________________________ (do) so many things if we 7_________________________ 12 (have) more free time. not be ill 3. If I 3 ____________________ (catch) any fish. I love fish! If there 5__________________ (be) any animals on the island. a fishing rod and some matches. If I 8___________________ (take) any books with me. Read and complete. 1. NICOLA: Jane! Listen to me ! You don’t have to do any homework for tomorrow! It’s a school holiday. I wouldn’t see her very often. Jane… tomorrow… JANE: Life 5__________________________ (be) much easier if we didn’t have to go to school. THE DESERT ISLAND QUESTIONS This week we’ve got the mayoress with us! If you had to spend a month alone on a desert island. Circle the correct answer. JANE: Oh…! I wish 8__________________________ (not be) so silly. I 10 ___________________ (carry) a trombone with me and learn how to play it!” 24. If I 1________________________ (not have) so much to do. can go to the park 6. 23. Mum be here 5. I 4____________________ (light) a fire and cook them. . NICOLA: Why are you so busy? JANE: I’ve got a History test tomorrow. If I had to spend a month on a desert island.21. I 1_________________ (take) lots of drinking water with me. not have a headache 2. she would buy a car. I wish I 3________________________ (can come) with you. 2) If you ate / eat more vegetables. Read and complete. 3) Will / Would they play with us if we asked them? 4) He wouldn’t read / didn’t read that book if he didn’t have to. I 2_____________________ (come). 5) If they went to the theatre. can eat some ice-cream 1) ____I wish I didn’t have a headache. NICOLA: But. JANE: Nicola. your skin would look better.

_________________________________________________________________________________ 7) She walks to school because she hasn’t got a bike. _________________________________________________________________________________ 5) They don’t know her. so they don’t fly.___________________________________________ 2) Pigs haven’t got wings. _________________________________________________________________________________ 10) He won’t lend you his camera because he needs it. 5) Would he do me a favour if I ___________________________ (ask) him? 6) If I ___________________________ (have) a million pounds. 25. we wouldn’t watch / won’t watch TV. 1) I haven’t got any money. Complete the sentences. what would you do? 10) The children would be happy if they _____________________________ (be) on holiday. I would never work again. people would like him. _________________________________________________________________________________ 3) His marks aren’t good because he doesn’t work hard. 9) He won’t be / wouldn’t be such a good athlete if he didn’t train so hard. 8) If we had / would have more pocket money. _________________________________________________________________________________ 4) I’m busy. 3) We would go skiing if it __________________________ (snow). you __________________________ (not / recognise) him. 12) She would get / got the job if she spoke Spanish. 8) I ____________________________ (invite) all my friends if I lived in a big house. 1) If I found___ (find) a wallet in the street. Give advice using If I were you. Mum would be very worried. I would see a doctor. so I won’t buy that CD. Rewrite the sentences. _________________________________________________________________________________ 9) I won’t join you because I have to stay at home. _________________________________________________________________________________ 6) I won’t call him because I haven’t got his phone number. 4) If he didn’t feed the cat so much. so they won’t invite her to their party. I would buy that CD. we’d go to the cinema. 26. _________________________________________________________________________________ 8) It’s cold. 11) If we didn’t have time. 9) If she _____________________________ (not / like) your present. ASK HER OUT NOT EAT SO MANY SWEETS NOT WORK SO HARD PUT ON A JACKET NOT WATCH SO MANY HORROR FILMS SEE A DOCTOR TAKE AN ASPIRIN 1) Your friend hasn’t been feeling well lately. 2) If you saw him again. ____If I had some money.____________________________________________ 2) Your sister wants to lose weight. I would give it to the police. _________________________________________________________________________________ 27. she wouldn’t be in the team. so I won’t come with you. 7) If she _____________________________ (not / be) a good player. Use the Second Conditional. Choose and write. it ___________________________ (not / be) so fat. TAKE UP A HOBBY _________If I were you.ENGLISH GRAMMAR Conditional Sentences 7) If I wouldn’t call / didn’t call. 10) If he wouldn’t be / weren’t so rude. _________________________________________________________________________________ . so we won’t go to the beach.

He couldn’t play golf. ________________________________ (she / wait) for me? 5) You would have got the job if you ________________________________ (not / behave) so foolishly. Your brother is leaving the house in a T-shirt. 1) If she had followed____ (follow) my advice. _________________________________________________________________________________ 8) Your little sister is bored at the weekends because she has nothing to do. we would have got lost. He had a terrible stomach ache. Read and write Third Conditional sentences. she wouldn’t have cut her hair herself. She was red and sore. He hurt his back. 9) She ________________________________ (have) better results if she had trained harder. would he have done the same thing? 29. __________________________________ (you / go)? 7) We would have stayed longer if we __________________________________ (have) time. Complete the sentences. she would have arrived earlier. She cut her hair herself. He couldn’t go to the cinema with Stanley and Leslie. she wouldn’t have looked awful at the party.3) It’s a cold afternoon. the dog ___________________________________ (not / bite) him. 2) If I had checked the bill. 1) Helen forgot to make an appointment at the hairdresser’s. I _____________________________ (see) the mistake. _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ 3) Mary sat in the sun too long. She didn’t enjoy herself at the barbecue that evening. 4) If I had been one hour late.________ 2) Peter ate three bars of chocolate. 10) If he ________________________________ (be) in my place. If she hadn’t cut her hair herself. She missed the school excursion. _________________________________________________________________________________ 4) Your elder sister finishes work at nine o’clock every night and she is always tired. _________________________________________________________________________________ 5) Your friend has a headache. _________________________________________________________________________________ 14 28. _________________________________________________________________________________ 7) Your brother really likes a new girl in his class but he is too shy to speak to her. ____If she hadn’t forgotten to make an appointment at the hairdresser’s. 8) If he hadn’t panicked. 6) If they had invited you to the party. 3) If we ___________________________ (not / meet) him in the street. She looked awful at the party. _________________________________________________________________________________ 6) Your fiend has been having nightmares recently. _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ . _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ 4) Pauline watched TV until three o’clock in the morning! She was late for the school bus. _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ 5) Mr Davis tried to lift a heavy suitcase.

If my mother (3) ____ my favourite dishes all the time. ____ 5) _________________________________ (Fred / be) bored if you had taken him to the opera? ____ 6) I ________________________________ (wait) for you outside the cinema if I arrive early. If my teacher hadn’t given me so much homework. choose and write. (She usually gets about 50%!) I told her: “If you (6) ____ all the time. I wouldn’t be so fat. ____ 31. I wouldn’t have left my swimsuit. _____________________________ (Dad /take) them? ____ 10) If the job ___________________________ (be) interesting. he ___wouldn’t have met___ my Mum. ____ 12) She would be upset if her best friend ______________________ (not / come) to her wedding. Unfortunately. I’ve got an older brother and he is always busy with his computer. She was his dentist! 2) If I ________________________ a sister. 2__ 2) If my sister _____________________ (see) this puppy. BE HAVE (x3) NOT BORROW NOT CRASH NOT HAVE NOT MEET NOT RENT PLAY DO NOT BE 1) If my Dad ___hadn’t had___ a tooth ache. 3) If my friend ___________________________ my bike. ____ 9) If the children want to go to the zoo. he would let me dye my hair green.) If I hadn’t felt ill during the last Maths test. (Olivia is skinny!) If I (4) ____ all my money on CDs. would you work for this company? ____ 11) They wouldn’t have believed him if he ____________________________ (tell) them the truth. I would sail round the world. ____ 3) If I ________________________ (pack) the suitcases myself. I (5) ____ the best mark in class. neither of us has got a bike! 4) I love animals. ____ 4) We _______________________________ (can / sit) in the garden if the weather were nicer. Complete the sentences and decide which type of Conditional Sentence it is. ____ 7) Val and Cherie would move if they __________________________ (can / find) a better house. At the moment. Read and circle the correct answer. 1) If I ____had______ (have) lots of money. I ________________________ two cats. you would be the best friend in the world!” 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) a a a a a a wasn’t was able to wouldn’t cook hadn’t spent had got not complain b b b b b b hadn’t been had been able to didn’t cook wouldn’t spend would have got hadn’t complained c c c c c c isn’t would have been able to hadn’t cooked didn’t spend would get didn’t complain 32. I would have bought a beautiful white T-shirt! (She’s got six. This morning she called me and in five minutes she had said the following:      If my father (1) ____ so old-fashioned. she ____________________________ it into a tree! Now. she will love it. I (2) ____ go to a concert with my brother. ____ 8) I ________________________________ (tell) him my name if he had asked. My friend Olivia complains all the time. If my sister ____________________________ allergic to cats. she __________________________ play with me. I’ve only got a goldfish! . Read.ENGLISH GRAMMAR Conditional Sentences 30.

_________________________________________________________________________________ 8) I had a good time because you were there with me. 3) If I __________________________ (listen) to her. _________________________________________________________________________________ 5) You dropped the vase because you weren’t careful. _________________________________________________________________________________ 3) She was angry because you didn’t call her. _________________________________________________________________________________ 12) You didn’t put the milk in the fridge. 1) I didn’t say hello because I didn’t see her. 10) ___________________________ (you / come) with us if we ____________________________ (tell) you about the concert? 34. _________________________________________________________________________________ . Rewrite the sentences. 5) What ________________________ (you / do) if he ____________________________ (not / lend) you his car? 6) If you _____________________ (not / be) so rude. this ________________________ (not / happen). 1) If I __________________________ (hear) the weather forecast. If I had seen her.5) If my parents’ friends _______________________________ a villa in Spain. 9) She _____________________________ (not / refuse) if you _______________________________ (ask) her nicely. _________________________________________________________________________________ 11) She didn’t follow my advice. she __________________________ ( not / get) so upset. I ___________________________ anything to be in a film with Brad Pitt. But we had a great time! 6) If I _____________________________ an actress. you ____________________ (meet) James. 2) If you ___________________________ (come) to the party last night. _________________________________________________________________________________ 4) We didn’t hear about the accident because we didn’t watch the news. so she didn’t make a profit. 7) If Raymond _________________________ (not / miss) the bus. we _______________________ a boring holiday. I would have said hello. _________________________________________________________________________________ 9) They didn’t get a taxi because they didn’t have enough money. _________________________________________________________________________________ 10) We were late because our car broke down. 8) If someone ___________________________ (tell) me that there was no milk in the house. so it went bad. I ______________________ (go) to the supermarket. _________________________________________________________________________________ 7) We didn’t go to the beach because it rained. 4) If I ____________________________ (know) you were at home. _________________________________________________________________________________ 6) He didn’t pass the exam because he was nervous. Use the Third Conditional. I ___________________________ (call) you. He’s gorgeous! 16 33. I ____________________________ (take) an umbrella with me.________________________________________________ 2) We didn’t go out to dinner because Dad finished work late. he ___________________________ ( not / be) late for work. Complete the Third Conditional sentences.

so he gets on well with them. you know. she’s going out with Peter. so she has six cats. I (3)____________________________ (ask) my parents to get a baby sitter. If I (8) _______________________________ (be) you. __If she hadn’t been ill. Rachel (2) ____________________ (be) disappointed if you don’t come. _________________________________________________________________________________ 6) The old man gave us clear directions. 1) She was ill.____________________________________ 2) I haven’t got a car. She’d really like you to be there. so he doesn’t trust you. She’ll be very angry if she (7) ____________________________ (have to) stay at home. Are you coming to Rachel’s house tonight? KATE: Well. _________________________________________________________________________________ 5) They don’t work hard.ENGLISH GRAMMAR Conditional Sentences 35. _________________________________________________________________________________ 13) Max doesn’t know about the subject. I wouldn’t walk to work every morning. Kate. so we found the address. Read and complete. so she’s a good player.______________________________________ 3) I didn’t know it was her birthday. so they died. KATE: Her birthday? I didn’t know it was her birthday! If I had known. Use the Second or Third Conditional. . so you feel tired all the time. WENDY: Oh. My parents are going out tonight. _________________________________________________________________________________ 15) He likes children. so we didn’t tell them about it. _________________________________________________________________________________ 7) You don’t get enough sleep. If I had a car. I would come if I (1) ___didn’t have___ (have) to look after my baby brother. _________________________________________________________________________________ 4) You don’t always tell him the truth. I’d give a try. Now they won’t let me come unless they (4) __________________________(can / find) someone else to look after Bobby. so she wrote a bad review. _________________________________________________________________________________ 36. so we got lost. _________________________________________________________________________________ 10) She trains hard. You see. so I walk to work every morning. so he can’t help. she would have gone to school. _________________________________________________________________________________ 14) The critic didn’t like the film. _________________________________________________________________________________ 12) We didn’t see them. so she didn’t go to school. WENDY: Hey. so they do badly at school. _________________________________________________________________________________ 9) You didn’t water the flowers. well. It’s her birthday. _________________________________________________________________________________ 11) Ms Dawson loves animals. Rewrite the sentences. WENDY: You always look after Bobby when your parents (5) ___________________________ (go) out. so I didn’t buy her a present. I (6) ___________________________ (ask) her if today wasn’t so special for her. Anyway. _________________________________________________________________________________ 8) You forgot to bring a map. Why don’t you ask your sister to do it tonight? KATE: Well. WENDY: Oh. (9)___________________ (give) me a ring if you change your mind.

1) If you had gone to bed earlier. i) if I hadn’t missed the bus. c) if I hadn’t already promised to go with Yvonne. IF She won’t come to the party _________________________________________ her himself. you wouldn’t be so tired. g) you wouldn’t be so tired. YOU If I were you. j) if you had listened to her instructions. . 4) You shouldn’t stay up so late. WERE If _________________________________________. 2) She’ll be very worried if I don’t call her.KATE: OK. 7) I’ll read that article if I have nothing else to do tonight. b) she would not be unemployed today. Match and write sentences. LONG I’ll read that article ___________________________________________ nothing else to do tonight. 1) If you had gone to bed earlier. 3) We’ll go fishing tomorrow if the weather is fine. 7) I’d be in London right now 8) We wouldn’t be in trouble 9) If I had bought that lottery ticket. 4) I would buy this book 5) You would know what to do 6) If Mary had taken that job six months ago. 8) She won’t come to the party unless John invites her himself. she __________________________________________ to lock the door. I will. Rewrite the sentences using the word given. e) if we had followed his advice. 3) If you had been honest. 37.__________________________________ 2) _________________________________________________________________________________ 3) _________________________________________________________________________________ 4) _________________________________________________________________________________ 5) _________________________________________________________________________________ 6) _________________________________________________________________________________ 7) _________________________________________________________________________________ 8) _________________________________________________________________________________ 9) _________________________________________________________________________________ 10) _________________________________________________________________________________ 18 38. 5) She forgot to lock the door because she was in a hurry. HAVE If she hadn’t been in a hurry. 10) I would go to the party with Rita a) we would eat at a restaurant. I wouldn’t stay up so late. d) if I hadn’t spent all my money on CDs. 2) If Mum hadn’t cooked dinner. f) I would be rich today. h) Dad wouldn’t be so angry now. Bye. PROVIDED I’ll make dinner __________________________________________ to wash the dishes. PROVIDING We’ll go fishing tomorrow ___________________________________________ fine. 6) I’ll make dinner if you promise to wash the dishes. UNLESS She’ll be very worried ______________________________________ her. 1) You should talk to William about this. I would talk_____ to William about this.

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