UNIVERSIDAD COOPERATIVA DE COLOMBIA (SEDE VILLAVICENCIO

)
FACULTAD DE INGENIERIA DE SISTEMAS
EJERCICIOS NÚMEROS COMPLEJOS

1. DEMOSTRAR QUE:
2- i- i 1- 2i= -2i
2- i- i- 2= -2i
2-i-i-2=-2i
-2i=-2i
2. COMPROBAR QUE:
1+2i3-4i+2-i5i=-25i
1+2i3-4i*3+4i3+4i+2-i5i*-5i-5i=-25i
3+4i+6i-83+16+-10i-525=-25i
-5+10i25+-10i-525=-25i
-5+10i-10i-525=-25i
-1025=-25i
-25≠-25i
3. DEMOSTRAR QUE Z=1±i SATISFACE Z2-2Z+2=0
Z2-2Z+2=0
1+i2-21+i+2=0
1+2i+i2-2-2i+2=0
1-1=0
0=0

1-i2-21-i+2=0
1-2i+i2-2+2i+2=0
1+i2=0
1-1=0
0=0

Z2-2Z+2=0
4. DIBUJAR PARA CADA CASO EL CONJUNTO DE PUNTOS DETERMINADOS
POR LAS
SIGUIENTES CONDICIONES.
A. z-1+i=1
z+i-1=1
0, -3 r=√3
|x+iy+i-1=1

(x+iy+i-1=1
x+y+1i=1+1
[x2+(y+1)2]2=(√2)2
x2 +(y+1)2=2
x2+y2+2y+1=2
x2+y2+2y=2+1
x2+y2+2y=3
xy3=2y
x2+(y+3)2=3

0, -4 r=4=2
B. z+i≤3
z+i=3
x+iy+i=3
x+(y+1)i=3
(x2+(y+1)2)2=(√3)2
x2+(y+1)2=3
x2+y2+2y+1=3
x2+y2+2y=3+1
x2+y2+2y=4
xy4=2y
x2+y+4=4

z=a-bi 0, -1 r=√2
C. Rez-i=2
Rea-bi-i=2
Rea-b-1i=2
Re=a-b+1i=2

D. z-i=z+i
x+iy-i=x+iy+i
x+iy-i=x+iy+i
x+y-1i=x+y+1i
(x2+(y-1)2)2=(x2+(y+1)2)2
x2+(y-1)2=x2+(y+1)2
x2+y2-2y+1=x2+y2+2y+1
y2-2y+1=y2+2y+1
4y=0
y=0
1. DEMOSTRAR QUE:
z+3i=z-3i
a+bi+3i=a+bi-3i
a+b+3i=a+b-3i
b+3=b-3
2. CALCULAR
limZ→1iz3-1z+i* z-iz-i

Y

.

limZ→1iz3-1z-iz+iz-i
limZ→1iz4-i2-z+iz2-iz+iz-i2
limZ→1iz4+1-z+iz2+1
limZ→1iz4+1-z+1z2+1

3. DETERMINAR SI Fz=Z+1Z ES DIFERENCIABLE.
∂u∂x=∂v∂y
∂u∂y=-∂v∂x
fz=x+iy+1x+iy*x-iyx-iy
fz=x+iy+1x+iyx+iyx-iy
fz=x2+ixy+ixy+i2y2+x+iyx2-ixy+ixy-i2y2
fz=x2+2xyi-y2+x+ix2+y2
fz=x2+x-y2x2+y2+ i(2xy+y)x2+y2
ux,y=x2+x-y2x2+y2
vx,y=(2xy+y)x2+y2
∂udx=2x+1x2+y2-x2-x+y2(2x)(x2+y2)2
∂udx=2x3+2xy2+x2+y2-2x3+2x2-2xy2(x2+y2)2
∂u∂x=3x2+y2(x2+y2)2

∂vdy=2x+1x2+y2-2xy+y(2y)(x2+y2)2
∂vdy=2x3+2xy2+x2+y2-4xy2-2y2(x2+y2)2
∂v∂y=2x3-2xy2+x2-y2(x2+y2)2

4. DEMOSTRAR QUE LA SERIE CONVERGE.
n=0∞(-1)nZn(Z+1)n
an=ZnZ+1n
Z2(Z+1)n(Z+1)
limn→∞Zn Z2(Z+1)n(Z+1)ZnZ+1n <1
limn→∞Z2Z+1<1

an+1= Zn+2(Z+1)n+1=Zn

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