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Landscape Ecology Boreal Forest Grasslands Desert A study of the ways in which landscape history shapes the features of the land and the organism that inhabit it A broad band of mixed coniferous and deciduous trees Dominated by grasses and associated herbaceous plants and ruminant animals A Biome characterized by low moisture levels, infrequent and unpredictable precipitation. Daily and seasonal temperatures fluctuate widely. Tropical Rainforest Thermocline Reclamation Forests in which rainfall is more than 200 cm/year. Temperatures are warm to hot year round. Distinctive temperature transition zone in water column Chemical, biological, or physical clean-up and reconstruction of severely contaminated or degraded area and return it to something like its original condition Deciduous Restoration Cloud Forests Barrier Islands Marsh Fen Bog Biome Ecosystem Management Freshwater Ecosystems Trees and shrubs that shed their leaves at the end of the growing season To bring something back to a former condition High mountain forests, temperatures are uniformly cool, fog or mist keep vegetation wet all the time. Low, narrow, sandy islands that form offshore from a coastline Wetlands without trees in North America Waterlogged soil, tends to produce peat, fed mainly by rain, low productivity Has waterlogged soil, tends to produce peat, fed mainly by upwelling water, low productivity Regional Ecosystem that has a distinctive climate, soil conditions and an adapted biological community An integration of ecological economic, and social goals in a unified systems approach to resource management Ecological areas with fresh (non-salty) water: streams, rivers, ponds, or lakes play a defining role.

Wetlands Tundra

Ecosystems of several types in which rooted vegetation is surround by standing water during part of the year Treeless arctic or alpine biome characterized by cold, harsh winters, a short growing season, and potential for frost at any time of the year.

Remediation Estuary Mitigation Swamp Conifers Coral Reefs

Cleaning up chemical contaminants from a polluted area A bay or drowned valley where a river empties into sea Compensating for damage of an ecosystem by providing a substitute or replacement area. Wetlands with trees Needle-bearing trees that produce seeds in cones Hard, limy skeletons produced by cerlanterate animals; usually form along edges of shallow, submerged ocean banks or along shelves in warm shallow tropical seas

Taiga Tropical Seasonal Forest

The northernmost edge of the Boreal forest, including species-poor woodland and peat deposits Semi-evergreen or partly deciduous forests tending toward open woodlands and grassy savannas dotted wit scattered, droughtresistant tree species; distinctive wet and dry seasons, hot year round.

Delta Benthos Rehabilitation

Fan-shaped sediment deposit found at the mouth of a river The bottom of a sea or lake To rebuild elements of structure or function in an ecological system without necessarily achieving complete restoration to its original condition.

Restoration Ecology Re-creation

Seeks to repair or reconstruct ecosystems damaged by human actions. Construction of an entirely new biological community to replace one that has been destroyed