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Chapter 12: legalities: releases, copyright, and forums.

Terms:
Copyright law- set of laws that protect the creators of original materials from having their materials and creative work used without proper permission and compensation. Fair use- a section of the copyright law that provides guidelines for the limited use of copyrighted materials without obtaining permission from the copyright holder(s). Limited public forum- public property or media that is made available for a specified use; the topic or content of speech is restricted to the business at hand or objectives of the particular group. Passive talent release-a document that serves as a general notice indicating that, from time to time, organizations outside the school system may request to video record inside the school building. Parents acknowledge the release by not responding to the notice. Public forum-an environment or location, typically public property or media, where an individual can stand and publicly speak their mid. The content discussed in a public forum is not restricted, but the speech cannot incite a riot, violence, or similar activity. Private property- property that is owned by an individual or private organization. You must have permission to be there. Property release- a signed document that grants a video team permission to shoot on private property.

Public domain- a status designation applied to material that is no longer copyrighted due to the passage of time (relative to the date of creation) or when rights are relinquished by the copyright holder. Public property- property that is owned by local state, state, or national government organizations. It is usually legal to be on public property. Release- a grant of permission that is commonly provided in written form with signatures of all the people involved. Talent release- a document that gives video producers permission to photograph the talent and/or to use audio of the talents voice. Trademark law- a set of laws that protects a companys brand identification in an effort to avoid confusion in the marketplace. These laws ensure that when a consumer sees a logo or label on a product, the consumer knows who makes that product. Transformative use- using a work (image or other material) for an entirely different purpose than it was originally created and intended to be used.

Objectives: Identify the different types of releases used in broadcast journalism and
television production, and explain the purpose of each.

Recognize the differences between public and private property. Explain how copyright law applies in broadcast productions. Recognize how educational fair use applies in the classroom. Illustrate transformative use of material. Identify the criteria for public domain status. Summarize the characteristics of each type of public forum. Explain how the first amendment applies in the organization and operation
of a broadcast journalism course.