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Monitoring the Maize Diversity

Monitoring the Maize Diversity

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Published by: Hugo Ramos on Feb 03, 2014
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Monitoring the maize diversity mainteined in situ

Ricardo Sevilla November 2013

morphological and cultural criteria • The maize diversity in a region es defined as the number of living races in the region .The maize diversity • • • • The maize diversity is classified in races There are about 50 races There is not wild relatives Grouping varieties and populations in races used ecological.

Population Genetics Background • Maize is an allogamous specie. in Cuzco is less than 0. For example frequency of sugary gene in Chullpi is from 0.05 • Maize geneticists are working to use random alleles to differentiate races. About 95% of the cigotes are fertilized with polen from other plants. .5 to 1. • The maize populations are panmictic populations (Hardy & Wimberg) • Alleles frequencies made differences between races.

• In the 1950 decade the maize diversity were collected in the Central Highlands of Peru • The same regions were collected again in 2005 • In the next picture shows the races collected in 1959 and expected in 2005. .Hipotesis/Methodology • Crop of a race in a region is enough to know that the race has been conservated in –situ.

Maize races collected in 1950 in Junín and Huancavelica .

6 3.6 13.3 5.Percentage of races found (seed samples) in the Sierra Central RACE Confite Morocho Confite punteagudo Morocho San Gerónimo (SG) SG Huancavelicano Huancavelicano Piscorunto Granada Cuzco Cuzco Gigante Paro Chullpi Kcully 1950 3.5 4.7 .5 2.8 20.6 0 20.6 5.1 2005 2.2 11.9 2.8 5.1 12.2 11.3 9.0 1.2 22.6 11.7 0 9.2 15.1 1.9 1.4 2.

Carhuay and Astilla. .Concomitant factors for conservation • No improved varieties were found and collected • Very limited comercialization • The complex Huancavelicano race (no detected in 1950) are the most exported varieties: Montaña.

Future • The composite of races helps start breeding to improve the native varieties • Farmers Asociations are to produce cooperative seed from each race • Link seed native varieties producers with the market. • To improve productivity and homogenize value traits .

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