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PHYS 333 HW1

PHYS 333 HW1

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Homeword 1 course McGill University. Thermal and statistical physics.
Homeword 1 course McGill University. Thermal and statistical physics.

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Winter term 2014

McGill University

PHYS 333 - Thermal and Statistical Physics - Assignment 1
Due in class on Thursday, January 23, 2014 1. Partial derivatives. This exercise is intended to revise partial derivatives and introduce some useful identities. (a) Show that a relation of the kind f (x, y, z ) = 0 between the quantities x, y and z implies the relation ∂x ∂y ∂y ∂z ∂z ∂x = −1
y

(1)

(2)

z

x

between the partial derivatives. Hint: You can express x and y as functions x = x(y, z ) and y = y (x, z ) and form the differentials. (b) Now let f = xy/α − w = 0 and in addition x = αyζ , where α ∈ R. Express w in term of x and ζ and also purely in terms of y and ζ . (c) Compute the partial derivatives ∂w ∂x and show that they are not equal. (d) Explicitly verify the identity derived in the first part for f = xy − w. (10 points) 2. (Total) Differentials. Suppose we have a function g = g (x, y ). The total differential of g is defined as dg = ∂g ∂x dx +
y

,
y

∂w ∂x

(3)
ζ

∂g ∂y

dy.
x

(4)

Heuristically1 , it describes the infinitesimal change of the function g with respect to the vaiables x and y . (a) Test if the differentials i. dF ¯ (p, V, T ) = (V − b)dp + (p − a/V 2 + 2ab/V 3 )dV − RdT , ii. dF ¯ (p, V, T ) = V dp + (p − a/V 2 )dV − (cp/T 2 + R)dT , with a, b, c, R ∈ R are total differentials. If yes, determine the function F (p, V, T ). Here we the d ¯ denotes the fact, that the differential could not be the total differential of a function F ; this is also called inexact2 .
For the interested: Mathematically, this can be described very elegantly by so called differential forms. In this language, the function g is a 0-form and dg a 1-form. 2 This name stems from the fact, that if a differential form α can be written as α = dβ , it is called exact.
1

1

(b) Show that the existence of an equation of state f (p.0) B=(1. (c) Use this expression to integrate dw along the two paths ABC and ADC shown in the x-y plane in the diagram. Response functions. We can define the isobaric expansion coefficient α := the isochoric tension coefficient β := and the isothermal compressibility κT := − 1 V ∂V ∂p . V (6) (7) (a) Calculate these quantities for the ideal gas. perform the integral along the straight line AC. (10 points) 2 . p (5) 1 p ∂p ∂T . T 1 V ∂V ∂T .1) x - A=(0. Is its value still the same? (e) Now look at the differential dw ¯ = xdy . Show that the two integrals are equal.(b) Write down the total differential dw. integrate dw ¯ along the paths ABC and ADC . where w is given as in number 1. T ) = 0 in a general system implies the relation α = p · κT · β for the quantities defined above. (10 points) 3. Explain your result. y D=(0. V.1) 6 C=(1.0) (d) By a change of variables. Again.

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