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History and Social Science Standards of Learning for Virginia Public Schools January 2008

Items that are highlighted are items students have been taught Grade Two Introduction to History and Social Science
The standards for second-grade students include an introduction to the heritage and contributions of the people of ancient China and Egypt and of the American Indians, past and present. Students should continue developing map skills and demonstrate an understanding of basic economic concepts. The students ill identify selected American individuals ho have orked to improve the lives of American citi!ens. The students ill recogni!e that the "nited States is a land of people ho have diverse ethnic origins, customs, and traditions, ho make contributions to their communities, and ho are united as Americans by common principles.

History
#.$ #.# The student ill e%plain ho the contributions of ancient China and Egypt have influenced the present orld in terms of architecture, inventions, the calendar, and ritten language. The student ill compare the lives and contributions of three American Indian cultures of the past and present, ith emphasis on the &o hatan of the Eastern 'oodlands, the (akota of the &lains, and the &ueblo peoples of the South est. The student ill identify and compare changes in community life over time in terms of buildings, *obs, transportation, and population.

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Geography
#.+ The student ill develop map skills by a, locating the "nited States, China, and Egypt on orld mapsb, understanding the relationship bet een the environment and the culture of ancient China and Egyptc, locating the regions of the &o hatan, (akota, and &ueblo Indians on "nited States mapsd, understanding the relationship bet een the environment and the culture of the &o hatan, (akota, and &ueblo Indians. The student ill develop map skills by a, locating the e/uator, the seven continents, and the five oceans on maps and globesb, locating selected rivers 01ames 2iver, 3ississippi 2iver, 2io 4rande, 5uang 5e, and 6ile 2iver,, mountain ranges 0Appalachian 3ountains and 2ocky 3ountains,, and lakes 04reat (akes, in the "nited States and other countries. The student ill demonstrate map skills by constructing simple maps, using title, map legend, and compass rose.

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Economics
#.8 #.9 #.: The student ill describe natural resources 0 ater, soil, ood, and coal,, human resources 0people at ork,, and capital resources 0machines, tools, and buildings,. The student ill distinguish bet een the use of barter and the use of money in the e%change for goods and services. The student ill e%plain that scarcity 0limited resources, re/uires people to make choices about producing and consuming goods and services.

History and Social Science Standards of Learning for Virginia Public Schools January 2008

Civics
#.$; The student ill e%plain the responsibilities of a good citi!en, ith emphasis on a, respecting and protecting the rights and property of othersb, taking part in the voting process hen making classroom decisionsc, describing actions that can improve the school and communityd, demonstrating self-discipline and self-reliancee, practicing honesty and trust orthiness. The student ill identify 4eorge 'ashington, Abraham (incoln, Susan <. Anthony, 5elen =eller, 1ackie 2obinson, and 3artin (uther =ing, 1r., as Americans hose contributions improved the lives of other Americans. The student ill understand that the people of >irginia a, have state and local government officials ho are elected by votersb, have diverse ethnic origins, customs, and traditions, make contributions to their communities, and are united as Americans by common principles.

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