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569 basepairs  5.000 – 300.• Cytoplasma contain hundreds mitochondria • Mitochondria consist of 2 – 10 mt DNA • Egg cytoplasma  200.000 mt DNA increase during oogenesis • Function  synthesis of ATP by the process of OXPHOS • 16.523 codons • Encodes : • 13 OXPHOS subunits protein • 22 tRNA & 2 rRNA .

523 codons Encodes : • 13 OXPHOS subunits • 22 tRNA & 2 rRNA • Mitochondrial genetic is defined: • Maternal inheritance • Replication segregation • Threshold expression • A hight mtDNA mutation rate • Propensity to accumulate soamtic mutation with age • Mitochondrial mutation  point mutation. duplication .569 basepairs  5. deletion.• • • Function  synthesis of ATP by the process of OXPHOS 16.

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