PMR examination 2004-2008 (with a predicted paper of PMR 2009) PMR 2004 Section A Question 1 Form 1: Chapter

2 Cell as a Unit of Life a) Name the cell b) Label c) State the function of structure Question 2 Form 1: Chapter 5 Air Around Us a) Complete the carbon cycle b) State the functions of plants in the carbon cycle c) State two effects of deforestation. Form 2: Chapter 2 Nutrition a) Label b) State the function of the structure that you label c) Food test (exp: iodine+? = dark blue precipitate) d) Explain the food sample while it is inside small intestine. e) State what happens to the final product in (d). Form 3: Chapter 2 Blood Circulatory System a) Label b) Label the position of lungs and a ventricle. c) Using arrow to show the flow of oxygenated blood. d) Difference between the cross section of blood vessels P (Artery) and Q (Vein) e) Explain Form 3: Chapter 6 Land and its Resources a) Observe to iron fillings during the reaction. b) Give one reason for the observation c) Write the word equation d) Write the word equation e) Draw a set-up of apparatus f) Explain Form 3: Chapter 7 Electricity (Electromagnetism) a) Draw the line of magnetic force between the magnet b) Draw the direction of its rotation c) Draw a diagram to how to determined the direction of the rotation d) Name the rule used in (c) e) State the energy changes in the coil (figure 6.1)

Question 3

Question 4

Question 5

Question 6

f) State two ways in which the speed of the rotation of the coil could be increased. g) State two uses of electromagnetism Section B Question 7 Form 2: Chapter 3 Biodiversity (figure shows animals) a) Based on your observation, state one characteristic of any four of animals. b) Classify animals based o their common characteristic Form 1: Chapter 3 Matter (density) a) State the variables in the experiment b) Record the readings of the weight c) Draw a bar chart d) Based on bar chart, what can be said about the weight of object? e) State one inference from this experiment. f) Predict. g) State the relationship h) Deduce the meaning of “weight of an object”

Question 8

PMR 2005 Section A

Question 1

Form 1: Chapter 2 Cell as a Unit of Life a) Label the structures b) Draw line to show the correct match between the structures and their functions. Form 1: Chapter 3 Matter a) Label b) Draw diagrams to show the arrangement of the particles c) State one property to differentiate between the states of matter. Form 2: Chapter 10 Simple Machines a) Label the position of fulcrum b) State the class of lever based on Figure 3.1( a wheelbarrow) c) Give reason for your answer in (b) d) Choose one tool with the same class of lever as the wheelbarrow. e) Calculation Form 2: Chapter 2 Nutrition (Experiment about the action of saliva on starch)

Question 2

Question 3

Question 4

a) Why the water bath must be at 37`C? b) State the reason c) In which part of the alimentary canal does the same enzyme action occur as in the test tube X. d) Complete the table by writing different food classes and their food samples based on the picture. Question 5 Form 3: Chapter 1 Respiration a) Explain the process of inhalation. b) Draw lines to match the parts c) Explain the transportation of oxygen gas to the body cells. d) Smoking is dangerous to human health. State the reason. Form 3: Chapter 8 Generation of Electricity a) Label (figure 6.1 shows a 3-pin plug) b) Explain the advantage of the connection of the electrical appliance to the 3-pin plug rather than to the 2-pin plug. c) Calculation Form 2: Chapter 3 Biodiversity (figure shows plants) a) Based on your observation, state one characteristic of any four of plants. b) Classify plants based o their common characteristic Form 3: Chapter 7 Electricity Figure 8.1 shows two bulbs which one is connected with shorter wire while the other connected with longer wire a) State the difference in the brightness of the bulb. b) What inference can be made? c) State the hypothesis based on your observations Figure 8.2 shows the arrangement of apparatus d) Record the ammeter readings e) Complete the table f) Draw a graph g) State the relationship h) State the variables i) Predict j) State the relationship

Question 6

Section B

Question 7

Question 8

PMR 2006 Section A

Question 1

Form 3: Chapter 3 Excretion a) Label b) Name the system c) State two functions of the system Form 1: Chapter 6 Sources of Energy a) Name the sources of energy b) State the energy changes occur in Diagram 2.1 (shows a hydroelectric generating power station) c) State two advantages of those sources of energy d) State two uses of the sources of energy in Diagram 2.2 (shows a wind mill) Form 2: Chapter 5 Water and Solution Figure shows three beakers contain 100cm3 of distilled water and different quantities of salt a) Name the solvent used. b) State difference c) State two ways to dissolve the undissolved salt d) Suggest one way to make an egg float e) Give your explanation for your answer in (d) Form 3: Chapter 1 Respiration (figure shows lungs) a) Complete the diagram below to show the air flow during inhalation. b) What will happen to structure K (rib) during the process of exhalation? c) Effect on the lungs of the worker if neglects to wear a mask while working. Figure shows a alveolus d) Name the gas involved e) Explain how this process can happen. Form 2: Chapter 5 Water and Solution Figure shows three wet handkerchief with different exposed surface. a) Which handkerchief will dry first? b) Give reason for your answer in (a) c) Explain how the situation (under a moving fan) can help to dry the shirt. d) State method and explanation to make the dried fish to dry faster. Form 3: Chapter 4 Reproduction (Germination of seed) a) Give reason

Question 2

Question 3

Question 4

Question 5

Question 6

b) What are the effects of using other substances? c) What should be done so that seeds germinate? d) Give reason that seeds still germinate although cover with a black paper. e) Explanation f) Give two ways in which a farmer can store vegetable seeds so that the seeds do not germinate. Section B Question 7 Form 2: Chapter 2 Cell As a Unit of Life a) Based on your observation, state one characteristic of each cells. b) Classify the cells (has nucleus/has no nucleus) Form 2: Chapter 7 Dynamics Figure shows two man are pulling a load on two different surfaces. a) Based on your observation, state the difference in friction during the process of pulling the load in Situation A and B b) What inference can be made? c) State one hypothesis Figure shows three wooden blocks which pulled by the spring balance on different surfaces. d) Record the readings of the spring balance e) Draw a bar chart f) State the variables. g) State the operational definition of frictional force.

Question 8

PMR 2007 Section A

Question 1

Form 1: Chapter 2 Cell as a Unit of Life a) Tick in the box that has been provided to show which of the following is organ. b) Circle the words to show two other examples of organs. c) Draw line to match each type of cell with its function. Form 2: Chapter 9 Stability a) State two factors that affect the stability. b) Which table will topple first? Explain. c) How does a giraffe achieve its stability when it drinks from a river? d) Why is a crocodile more stable than a giraffe?

Question 2

Question 3

Form 3: Chapter 6 Land and its Resources Figure shows the apparatus set-up to study the effect of heat on calcium carbonate) a) What is liquid Q? b) What can be observed at the en of this experiment? c) Complete the word equation. d) Make a conclusion for the experiment. e) Suggest how slaked lime can be formed from pieces of sea shells. Form 3: Chapter 7 Electricity Figure shows a series circuit a) What is apparatus Z? b) State the function X (Voltmeter) and Y (Resistance) c) Suggest one way to reduce the reading of apparatus Z (Ammeter). Figure shows a parallel circuit. d) Calculation. Form 2: Chapter 10 Simple Machines a) State the class of lever of the pair of pliers. b) State one reason for the answer in (a). c) Why is it easier to cut the wire when we hold the pliers further from fulcrum? d) Draw a lever system for the wheelbarrow and label the position of load, fulcrum and force. e) Calculation. Figure shows two persons rowing the boat. f) Why does P use less force than Q to row the boat? Form 2: World through Our Senses Figure shows human eye a) State one difference between object Q and image I. b) How does the size of image I change when eye is 10 cm from object Q? c) State one reason for the answer in (b) d) Complete diagram to show the formation of an image of a distant object on retina of a shortsighted person. e) What cause the situation (short-sightedness) to happen?

Question 4

Question 5

Question 6

f) How can the situation to be corrected? Section B Question 7 Form 3: Chapter 4 Reproduction a) State the parts of the plants that can produce vegetatively. b) Classify the plants based on their common characteristic. (reproduce through stem/reproduce through leaf) Form 2: Chapter 5 Water and Solution a) Record the temperature. b) Complete the table c) State the variables d) State a hypothesis. e) Draw a graph f) Predict g) State the relationship h) What inference can be made? i) Deduce the meaning of impure water.

Question 8

PMR 2008 Section A

Question 1

Form 1: Chapter 5 Air Around Us a) Label b) State the percentage of carbon dioxide in air. c) Draw lines to match oxygen with its properties. Form 2: Chapter 1 World through Our Senses (Stimuli and Response in Plants) a) Draw an arrow to show the direction of growth of the shoots. b) Give one reason for the answer in (a). c) What type of tropism is shown by the shoots? d) State one importance of the tropism in (c) to plants. e) Explain why do the roots in Q and R grow towards the direction shown in Diagram 2.2 (diagram shows the germinated seeds in three different beakers) f) Explain why the growth of the roots in beaker S is known as positive geotropism. Form 2: Chapter 5 Water and Solution Diagram shows the process of water treatment in a treatment plant. a) Name the part label

Question 2

Question 3

b) Explain why is the water from the river collected and stored at P. c) Explain why chlorine is added in the chlorination tank? d) State one method and reason for treating the muddy river water for daily usage. e) Suggest a way to determine the purity of water. Question 4 Form 3: Chapter 7 Electricity Diagram shows a parallel circuit a) State the brightness of the all bulbs. b) Give one reason for the answer in (a) c) Predict what will happen to other bulbs if bulb J is removed. d) If parallel circuit is replaced by a series circuit, predict what will happen if a bulb burns out. Diagram shows a electrical circuit. The mental paper clip is moved along the wire from M to N. e) Predict what will happen to ammeter reading as the clip moves along the wire from M to N. f) Give one reason for the answer in (e) Form 3: Chapter 6 Land and its Resources (Petroleum) a) Explain the formation of petroleum. Diagram shows the apparatus set-up to investigate the separation of petroleum. b) State the relationship c) State the relationship d) State one use of fraction 1. e) Suggest two ways of using natural fuel resources efficiently in the industrial sector. f) State the bitumen can be produced. Form 1: Chapter 7 Heat Diagram 6.1 shows a thermometer. a) Predict what will happen to the mercury when the bulb is placed in hot water. Diagram 6.2 shows the condition of a bimetallic strip in a heating process. b) Explain why the bimetallic strip bends when heated. Diagram 6.3 shows a fire alarm system. c) Draw an arrow to show the direction of the bending of the strip. d) Explain how the fire alarm works when the bimetallic strip is heated.

Question 5

Question 6

Diagram 6.4 shows a method to remove a very tight metal cap of a bottle. e) Explain why we use the hot water to remove the tight metal cap easily. Diagram 6.5 shows some electrical cables. f) Predict what happen to the electrical cables during cold weather. g) Give one reason for the answer in (f). Question 7 Form 2: Chapter 10 Simple Machines a) State one characteristic that can be observed from any three devices by referring to the positions of fulcrum, load and force. b) Classify the devices Diagram 7.2 shows three situations of a device using principle of lever. c) State the inference. d) Predict the force needed to lift the rock. e) State the relationship Form 3: Chapter 2 Blood Circulation and Transport (Transport in plant) Diagram 8.1 shows two plants a) State one inference. Diagram 8.2 shows three apparatus set-ups to study the factors that affect the rate of transpiration. b) Record the position of the air bubble. c) Draw a bar chart. d) State the relationship. e) State the manipulated variable. f) Predict what happen. g) Complete the table. h) State one hypothesis. i) Define operationally “the rate of transpiration”.

Question 8

Advice: Most of the questions asked students to predict what will happen next and give out the reason. These type of questions can be seen in 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008 PMR examination. Nevertheless, don’t think that some questions are impossible come out in Section B question 7 & question 8 or Section A question 1. For an example, in 2008, simple machines come out in Section B question 7 unexpectedly. However, Chapter 3 Biodiversity is the most which come out in Section B question 7. Remember, the word “Based on your observation”, this means that you must write what you see in the diagram or you will lost about 4 marks in question 7 (somebody might get 0 mark in this question).

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