Wire

Low v oltag power sy e stems of operate at rather hig ten h c urrent lev I the interc els. f onnec c ting ables are too small, a larg proportion of power av e the ailable will be wastedin the c able itself This loss c be red edbyusinga larg . an uc er c able, this inc but reases c osts. The ac eptable maximum c v oltag d e rop f DC load is 5 of nominal battery or s % v oltag The c e. hart and the f ormula on this pag are e prov edto help y in selec the best c / id ou ting ost power loss c ompromise.
Pl ti I ul on as c ns ati Copper Conductor

acceptable cable size (mm²)

Amps 0. 5 1 1. 5 2 3 4 5 7. 5 10 15 20 25 30 40 60 80 100 125

1 0. 4 0. 4 1. 84 1. 84 1. 84 1. 84 1. 84 1. 84 1. 84 1. 84 2. 9 4. 6 4. 6 7. 9 13. 6 25. 7 32. 2 49. 2

2 0. 4 0. 4 1. 84 1. 84 1. 84 1. 84 1. 84 1. 84 1. 84 1. 84 2. 9 4. 6 4. 6 7. 9 13. 6 25. 7 32. 2 49. 2

Cabl Length ( e metres ) 5 10 15 20 25 0. 0. 1. 1. 1. 4 4 84 84 84 0. 1. 1. 4 84 84 1. 1. 84 84 1. 1. 1. 1. 84 84 84 84 2. 9 1. 1. 1. 84 84 84 2. 4. 9 6 1. 1. 84 84 2. 4. 4. 9 6 6 1. 84 2. 4. 7. 7. 9 6 9 9 1. 84 4. 4. 7. 7. 6 6 9 9 2. 4. 7. 13. 13. 9 6 9 6 6 4. 7. 13. 13. 13. 6 9 6 6 6 4. 13. 25. 25. 25. 6 6 7 7 7 7. 13. 25. 25. 32. 9 6 7 7 2 7. 25. 25. 32. 49. 9 7 7 2 2 13. 25. 32. 49. 49. 6 7 2 2 2 13. 25. 49. 49. 6 7 2 2 25. 49. 7 2 25. 49. 7 2 32. 2 49. 2

30 1. 84 1. 84 2. 9 4. 6 7. 9 7. 9 13. 6 25. 7 25. 7 32. 2 49. 2 49. 2

M etricc ables are spec iedbythe c if opper area ( sq in uare millimetres),the number ofstrand ofwire and the s number ofc uc ond tors or c ores in eac sheath. The h v oltag d is the same reg less of oltag assuming e rop ard v e, that amps,d istanc and c e ross sec tional areas are the same. I the wattag remains the same f d f f e or iferent v oltag the amps c be c ulatedbyd id watts es, an alc iv ing byv olts.

Th Fo mu a e r l
I y needto c ulate the v f ou alc oltag d und a g en e rop er iv set of irc c umstanc there is a f es, ormula bywhic it c h an be d etermined . Let: A =c ross sec tional area of able in ( ) c mm² L = route leng in metres th I c = urrent measuredin amps R = resistanc of able ( ) e c aluminium = 0 2 .0 8 resistanc of opper = 0 17 e c .0 steel = 0 .18

Voltag Drop = 2x L x I R ÷A e x

Example:
You hav a power point c e onnec to a power sourc ted e. The route leng is 8 metres. I the wire is 4 mm² th f .6 multistrand c ed opper c able andthe expec c ted urrent is expec to be 10amps, hav ted we e: A =5
30 1. 84 1. 84 2. 9 4. 6 4. 6 7. 9 13. 6 25. 7 25. 7 25. 7 32. 2 49. 2

24 Vol t
acceptable cable size (mm²)

Amps 1 2 3 4 5 7. 5 10 15 20 25 30 40 60 80 100 125

1 0. 4 1. 84 1. 84 1. 84 1. 84 1. 84 1. 84 1. 84 2. 9 4. 6 4. 6 7. 9 13. 6 25. 7 32. 2 49. 2

2 0. 4 1. 84 1. 84 1. 84 1. 84 1. 84 1. 84 1. 84 2. 9 4. 6 4. 6 7. 9 13. 6 25. 7 32. 2 49. 2

Cabl Length ( e metres ) 5 10 15 20 25 0. 1. 1. 4 84 84 1. 1. 84 84 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 84 84 84 84 84 1. 1. 1. 1. 84 84 84 84 2. 9 1. 1. 1. 84 84 84 2. 4. 9 6 1. 1. 84 84 2. 4. 4. 9 6 6 1. 84 2. 4. 4. 7. 9 6 6 9 1. 84 4. 4. 7. 7. 6 6 9 9 2. 4. 7. 13. 13. 9 6 9 6 6 4. 7. 13. 13. 25. 6 9 6 6 7 4. 7. 13. 25. 25. 6 9 6 7 7 4. 13. 25. 25. 25. 6 6 7 7 7 7. 13. 25. 25. 32. 9 6 7 7 3 13. 25. 32. 49. 49. 6 7 2 2 2 25. 25. 49. 49. 7 7 2 2 32. 32. 49. 2 2 2 49. 49. 2 2

L =9

I 10 =

R = 0 17 .0

Voltag d c then be c ulatedto be 0 8v e rop an alc .5 olts. I f this f ure is c ig onsid eredto be ac eptable it wouldav c oid spend more moneyon larg wire. ing er
mm² 1. 84 2. 9 4. 6 7. 9 13. 6 25. 7 32. 49 twi s n heathed twi s n heathed twi s n heathed sngl ( ackor red) i e bl sngl ( ackor red) i e bl sngl ( ackor red) i e bl sngl ( ackor red) i e bl sngl ( ackor red) i e bl per metre 30 m rol ampaci l ty 15 amps 20 amps 25 amps 45 amps 70 amps 90 amps

W I M02 W I 302 RRW I M03 W I 303 RRW I M05 W I 305 RRW I M08 W I 308 RRW I M14 W I 314 RRW I M25 W I 325 RR-

W I M32 W I 332 110 amps RRW I M49 W I 349 150 amps RR-

NOTE: The Cable Leng in the abov tables are route th e leng whic is halfthe total c uc leng I the th h ond tor th. f positiv and neg e lead are d f e ativ s iferent leng an ths av erag must be tak e en.

e ables are ratedf extra low v or oltag e NOTE: The abov c 133

Wh at:

WIRE CHART 12 Vol t

All the method of eterminingv s d oltag d on this e rop pag are f DC only AC elec itybehav q e or . tric es uite df iferently .

Wire

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