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CNGA Compressibility Calculations


The CNGA equation for compressibility factor is valid when the average
pressure is greater than 100 psig and is accurate enough for most
gas pipeline hydraulics work
Temperauture, F
Specific Gravity
Average Pressure, Psig

80
0.6
1000

Compressibility factor Z

0.8746

Example of Flow Calculation


Length, miles
Pipe's NPS
Wall Thickness, inch
S.G
Compressibility factor Z
Inlet Pressure, psig
Outlet Pressure, Psig
Standard Temperature, F
Standard Pressure, Psia
Gas Fluid Temperature, F
Friction Factor

1.247
8.6
0.13779
0.7487
1
1015
500
60
14.7
80
0.014

Pipe's Inside Diameter, inches


Volumetric Flow Rate, SCFD
Volumetric Flow Rate, MMSCFD

8.32442
184,090,864
184.09

Assumption: Isothermal Flow


Velocity of Gas in pipe Flow
Pipe's NPS
20
Wall Thickness, inch
0.375
S.G
0.6
Compressibility factor Z
0.85
Inlet Pressure, Psig
1000
Outlet Pressure, Psig
800
Standard Temperature, F
60
Standard Pressure, Psia
14.69
Gas Inlet Temperature, F
70
Volumetric Flow Rate, MMSCFD
380.99
Pipe's Inside Diameter, inches
19.25
Inlet Velocity, ft/sec
Outlet Velocity, ft/sec
Erosional Velocity, ft/sec

27.36
34.08
52.32

Panhandle A Equation
Length, mile
Pipe's NPS
Wall Thickness, inch
S.G
Compressibility factor Z
Viscosity, lb/ft*sec
Pipeline's Efficiency
Inlet Pressure, psig
Outlet Pressure, psig
Standard Temperature, F

10
20
0.375
0.6
0.85
0.000007392
1
1000
800
60

Panhandle B Equation
10
20
0.375
0.6
0.85
0.000007392
1
1000
800
60

Weymounth Equation
10
20
0.375
0.6
0.85
0.000007392
1
1000
800
60

Standard Pressure, psia


Gas Fluid Temperature, F
Pipe's Inside Diameter, inches
NG Molecular weight
Volumetric Flow Rate, SCFD
Volumetric Flow Rate, MMSCFD
Reynold's Number method 1
Reynold's Number method 2
Flow Regime

14.7
70
19.250
17.4
638586931
639
36,346,123
36,369,616
Turbulent Flow

The IGT Equation


Length, mile
Pipe's NPS
Wall Thickness, inch
S.G
Compressibility factor Z
Viscosity, lb/ft*sec
Pipeline's Efficiency
Inlet Pressure, psig
Outlet Pressure, psig
Standard Temperature, F
Standard Pressure, psia
Gas Fluid Temperature, F
Pipe's Inside Diameter, inches
NG Molecular weight
Volumetric Flow Rate, SCFD
Volumetric Flow Rate, MMSCFD
Reynold's Number method 1
Reynold's Number method 2
Flow Regime

10
20
0.375
0.6
0.85
0.000007392
1
1000
800
60
14.7
70
19.25
17.4
630107061
630
35,863,478
35,886,660
Turbulent Flow

Effect of Pipe Elevation


Length, mile
Standard Temperature
Standard Pressure
Gas Fluid Temperature, F
Inlet Pressure, psig
Outlet Pressure, psig
S.G
Compressibility factor Z
Elevation H1, ft
Elevation H2, ft
Pipe's NPS
Wall Thickness, inch
Friction Factor
Viscosity, lb/ft*sec

10
60
14.7
70
1000
800
0.6
0.85
15
30
20
0.375
0.02
0.000007392

Pipe's Inside Diameter, inches


Elevation Adjustment Parameter, s
Equivalent Length, Le
Standard Temperature
Gas Fluid Temperature, F
Inlet Pressure, psia
Outlet Pressure, psia
es

19.25
0.00075
10.00271
520
530
1014.7
814.7

Volumetric Flow Rate, SCFD


Volumetric Flow Rate, MMSCFD

366,577,444
366.58

1.00075

14.7
70
19.25
17.4
601707799
602
34,247,092
34,269,229
Turbulent Flow

2 of 20

14.7
70
19.25
17.4
475333245
475
27,054,297
27,071,785
Turbulent Flow

Reynold's Number method 2


20,877,786
Flow Regime Turbulent Flow

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4 of 20

Line Number

Flow, lb/hr
166,594

T, F
80

P, Psig
580

Vis , Cp
0.011

Input
, ft
0.00015

NPS
8

ID, in
7.981

Length, ft
6562

MW
21.68

rho,lb/ft3
2.2251

Churchill f
0.002

Atmopheric pressure

Darcy f
0.014

Calculated
vol, CFM
1247.8

14.69 psia

vel, ft/s
59.9

DeltaP, Psi
120.377

Reynolds #
11,973,985

NPS

1
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24
26
28
30
32
34
36

SCH 5s SCH 5

SCH
10s

SCH 10 SCH 20 SCH 30

SCH
40s

SCH 40 SCH 60

SCH
80s

SCH 80

SCH
100

SCH
120

SCH
140

SCH
160

XXS

N/A

0.335

N/A

0.307

N/A

0.291

N/A

0.269

N/A

N/A

0.215

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

0.442

N/A

0.41

N/A

0.394

N/A

0.364

N/A

N/A

0.302

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

0.577

N/A

0.545

N/A

0.529

N/A

0.493

N/A

N/A

0.423

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

0.71

N/A

0.674

N/A

N/A

N/A

0.622

N/A

N/A

0.546

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

0.252

N/A

0.92

N/A

0.884

N/A

N/A

N/A

0.824

N/A

N/A

0.742

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

0.434

N/A

1.185

N/A

1.097

N/A

N/A

N/A

1.049

N/A

N/A

0.957

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

0.599

N/A

1.53

N/A

1.442

N/A

1.426

N/A

1.38

N/A

N/A

1.278

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

0.896

N/A

1.77

N/A

1.682

N/A

1.65

N/A

1.61

N/A

N/A

1.5

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

1.1

N/A

2.245

N/A

2.157

N/A

2.125

N/A

2.067

N/A

N/A

1.939

N/A

1.875

N/A

N/A

1.503

N/A

2.709

N/A

2.635

N/A

2.499

N/A

2.469

N/A

N/A

2.323

N/A

2.275

N/A

2.187

1.771

N/A

3.334

N/A

3.26

N/A

3.124

N/A

3.068

N/A

N/A

2.9

N/A

2.8

N/A

2.624

2.3

N/A

3.834

N/A

3.76

N/A

3.624

N/A

3.548

N/A

N/A

3.364

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

2.728

N/A

4.334

N/A

4.26

N/A

4.124

N/A

4.026

3.938

N/A

3.826

N/A

3.626

N/A

3.438

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

4.506

N/A

N/A

4.29

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A
N/A
N/A
10.482
12.438
13.688
15.67
17.67
19.624
23.564
N/A
N/A
29.500
N/A
N/A
N/A

5.345
6.407
8.407
10.482
12.42
13.688
15.67
17.67
19.624
23.564
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
N/A
10.42
12.39
13.624
15.624
17.624
19.564
23.5
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

5.295
6.357
8.329
10.42
12.39
13.5
15.5
17.5
19.5
23.5
N/A
N/A
29.376
N/A
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
8.125
10.25
12.25
13.376
15.376
17.376
19.25
23.25
N/A
N/A
29.000
N/A
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
8.071
10.136
12.09
13.25
15.25
17.126
19
22.876
N/A
N/A
28.750
N/A
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
N/A
10.02
12
13.25
15.25
17.25
19.25
23.25
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

5.047
6.065
7.981
10.02
11.938
13.126
15
16.876
18.814
22.626
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
7.813
9.75
11.75
12.814
14.688
16.5
18.376
22.064
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
N/A
9.75
11.75
13
15
17
19
23
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

4.813
5.761
7.625
9.564
11.376
12.5
14.314
16.126
17.938
21.564
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
7.439
9.314
11.064
12.126
13.938
15.688
17.44
20.938
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

4.563
5.501
7.189
9.064
10.75
11.814
13.564
15.25
17
20.376
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
7.001
8.75
10.5
11.5
13.126
14.876
16.5
19.876
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

4.313
5.187
6.813
8.5
10.126
11.188
12.814
14.438
16.064
19.314
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

SCH 5
SCH 5s
SCH 10
SCH
10s
SCH 20
SCH 30
SCH 40
SCH
40s
SCH 60
SCH 80
SCH
80s
SCH
100
SCH
120
SCH
140
SCH
160
XXS