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# Practice problems 1) A 5.

000-g sample of a pesticide was decomposed with metallic sodium in alcohol, and the liberated chloride ion was precipitated as AgCl. Express the results of this analysis in terms of percent DDT (C14H9Cl5) based on the recovery of 0.1606 g of AgCl. Weight of the sample: 5.000g Weight of the precipitate: 0.1606 g
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2) A 0.6447-g portion of manganese dioxide was added to an acidic solution in which 1.1402 g of a chloride-containing sample was dissolved. Evolution of chlorine took place as a consequence of the following reaction: + 2+ MnO2(s) + 2Cl + 4H  Mn + Cl2(g) + 2H2O After the reaction was complete, the excess MnO2 was collected by filtration, washed, and weighed, and 0.3521 g was recovered. Express the results of this analysis in terms of percent aluminum chloride. Weight of MnO2 = 0. 6447g Weight of reacted MnO2 = 0.6447g – 0.3521 g= 0.2926 g g Cl = 0.2926g MnO2 x (
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3) A 6.881-g sample containing magnesium chloride and sodium chloride was dissolved in sufficient water to give 500 mL of solution. Analysis for the chloride content of a 50.0-mL aliquot resulted in the formation of 0.5923 of AgCl. The magnesium in a second 50.0 mL aliquot was precipitated as MgNH4PO4; on ignition, 0.1796 g of Mg2P2O7 was found. Calculate the percentage of MgCl2·6H2O and of NaCl in the sample. MgCl2·6H2O NaCl and other material 6.881 g 500 ml
50. 0 ml Ag+ 50.0 ml NH3 + PO43-

AgCl

0.5923 g 0.1796 g

Mg2P207

Weight of total AgCl = W AgCl MgCl2·6H2O + W AgCl Weight of Mg2P207 Weight of Mg2P207 W MgCl2·6H2O = 0.1796

NaCl

1796 W NaCl = 0.5923 g .W AgCl total = 0.1899 g %MgCl2 = ( %NaCl = ( ) ) 0.