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John chapter 2: The Wedding at Cana Notice the timing of the story.

Big picture, when does this story take place in the context of Jesus’ ministry? Timeline-wise, what has just happened at the end of chapter 1, specifically John 1:3849? Notice the location of the story. Notice the location in relation to Jerusalem.

Why might this be important?
For further insight, read: John 5:16 in conjunction with John 5:41 Insights that bring revelation to the purpose of this story (and the character of Jesus) by looking at BOTH the timing and the location of this story.

Notice the event He chose to be the backdrop for his first sign. For further insight, read: Deuteronomy 16:14-15

Matthew 11:16-19

Ephesians 5:22-23

© 2014 Jen Ferguson

Notice the people who were named to be at the wedding.
For further insight, read: Greek word for woman is gynē. Read how it is used here as well: John 19:26 How might this change the tone you might first associate with Jesus’ words change when you read the two verses together (John 2:4 with John 19:26)? How do you reconcile the fact that Jesus said “My time has not yet come.” with the fact that He followed through with the miracle? For further insight read: John 7:1-9, 8:20, 12:23

Notice the numbers used in the passage. How many water jars? How much could each jar hold? How much wine, then, did Jesus make? For further insight, consider that in Jewish culture, the number 6 meant “unfinished and imperfect.” What were the jars used for? (see Matthew 15:1-2) What might the jars then represent? The number 7 is considered to mean “complete and perfect.” What might John be saying about the transformation of the water to wine? What does the wine stand for in this passage? How does the quantity/quality of wine add to the meaning of what it stands for? Contrast the miracle in John with Exodus 7:14-24, using 2 Corinthians 5:17-19 as an additional resource.

© 2014 Jen Ferguson