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Chapter 11 Exercise 11A

Q. 1.

Q. 2.

40
(i) ___ = 2 rads
20
100
____
(ii)
= 5 rads
20
15
(iii) ___ = 0.75 rads
20
11
___
(iv)
= 0.55 rads
20

Exercise 11B
E
Q. 1.
Q

mv2
T = ____
r
8(25)
= _____
2
= 100 N

(i) 5 3 = 15 cm

Q
Q. 2.

(ii) 5 0.8 = 4 cm

(iii) 5 1.2 = 6 cm

(iv) 5 1.7 = 8.5 cm


Q. 3.

14
r = ___ = 4 cm
3.5
2.07
____

1
r = __,
8

Q. 4.

r=

Q. 5.

18
Angular speed = ___ = 1.8 rads/sec
10

Q. 6.

7
r = __ = 1.75 cm
4

Q. 7.

Q. 8.

1.8

= 1.15 cm

NZL: F = ma

In 60 seconds it turns 45 times.


3
In 1 second it turns __ times
4
3
= __(2p) rads/sec = 4.7 rads/sec
4
In 1 second it turns through 10 radians.
In 60 seconds it turns through 600 radians.
600
600 radians = ____
2p
600
full turns = ________ = 95
2(3.142)
v = 10(0.4) = 4 m/s

Q. 9.

200w

T = mw2r
1
= 7(4)2 __
8
T = 14 N
Q
Q. 3.

Forces

(i)

4T
5

R T
A
q
3
5g = 49

49
o

2
2
2
| pq | = | op | + | oq |

25 = 16 + | oq |2
| oq | = 3 m
(ii)

4
1 R + __T = 49
5
mv2
2 Fc = ____
r
5(3)2
3
__T = _____
5
3

1 min

= 570(2p)rad 60 s
570(2p)
= _______ rad 1 s
60
w = 19p rad/s

3T
5

= 20.94 rad/s
570w

Resolved
p

1 min

= 200(2p) rad 60 s
200(2p)
= _______ rad 1 s
60

Q. 10.

m = 7, w = 4 rad/s

T = 25 N
(iii)

4
1 R + __(25) = 49
5
R = 29 N

now, v= rw
v = 0.06(19p) = 3.58 m/s

Q. 4.

13Mg
But R = _____
5
13Mg
Mv2
12
___ _____ = ____
13 5
12

Forces

52
5

T
A

10g = 98

= 16.8 m/s

Resolved
T
2

Q. 6.
Q

(i)
30

T
2

98

1
T

5__ ___
1
(i) sin A = ____
= __ A = 45
5 2
2
T__
(ii) 1 R + ___
= 98
2

30

mg

2 Fc = mw2r
r = 1 sin 30

T__
___
= (10)(1)(5)
2

Forces =

__

T = 50 2 N

T cos 30 = mg

(iii) 1 R + 50 = 98

2mg
__
T = ____
3

R = 48 N
Q. 5.

(ii) NZL: F = ma

Forces

T sin 30 = mw2r
sin 30
T = mw2 ______
sin 30
T
__
w2 = m
2mg
__
w2 = _____
3 m

o
13
5

R
p

12

w = 3.364 rad/s

Mg

Q
Q. 7.
Resolved

Mg

5
Mg = ___R
13
13Mg
R = _____
5
mv2

Fc = ____
r
Mv2
12
___R = ____
13
12

(i)

1.3

0.5

13
q

5
R
13
12
R
13

_____

144g
v = _____
5

r = 1.2

Forces
R sin q
(R)
R cos q
98

(ii) =
5R
___ = 98
13
R = 254.8 N

:
12

Q. 9.

(iii) NZL: F = ma

P
4g

R cos q = mw2r
12R
____ = 10w2(12)
13
254.8(12)
w2 = _________
130(1.2)
w = 4.427 rad/s
Q. 8.

R
0.5
Q T
2.5g

Since Q is in equilibrium, T = 2.5g = 24.5 N.


For P, Fc = mw2r
T = 4w2(0.5)

Error in question: Read 0.4 m for 0.3 m

24.5 = 2w2

______

w = 12.25

l = 0.5

= 3.5 rads/sec

0.4

T sin q

20
q
T cos q
r = 0.3

P
T
4g

98

r = 0.3
q

P: T = 4a
3

(ii) =
T sin q + 20 = 98

Adding gives: 2.5g = 6.5a


5
a = ___g
13
49
= ___ m/s2
13
49,
___
u = 0, a =
s = 0.5, v = ?
13
v2 = u2 + 2as

4T
___ = 78
5
T = 97.5 N
(iii) NZL: F = ma

( )

T cos q = mw2r

49
v2 = 0 + 2 ___ (0.5)
13
7
___
v = ____
13

()

3
97.5 __ = 10(w2)(0.3)
5
w = 4.416 rad/s
= 4.4 rad/s (to one decimal
place)
T'

T' Sin

T' cos q
98

Forces

Resolved
T cos q

q
l

T sin q Mg

T
Mg

Since cos q =

h,
__
l

_______

sin q =

l2 h2
________
l

Mgl
hT
___Mg T = ____
l
h

= 98

_______

2 T sin q = Mw2 ( l2 h2 )

T = 122.5
T cos q = mw2r

()

(i)

(ii) 1 T cos q = Mg

=
5

Q. 10.

l 2 h2

4T
___

Q T
2.5g

Q: 2.5g T = (2.5)a

(i) From triangle


we get r = 0.3

(iv)

3
122.5 __ = 10w2(0.3)
5
_____

w = 24.5 rad/s

_______

l2 h2
________
l

_______

= Mw2l2 h2

T = Mw2l

(iii) Equating the two values of T gives:


Mgl
____
h

=
T sin a = 8g

= Mw2l

8g
T = _____ ... 1
sin a

g
__

= w2
h
g
h = ___2
w

2 NZL: F = ma
mv2
T cos a = ____
r

(iv) h 0.25
g
___2 0.25
w
g
w2 ____
0.25

From 1

sin a

3(1 sin2 a) = 9.1 sin a


3 sin2 a + 9.1 sin a 3 = 0
30 sin2 a + 91 sin a 30 = 0

(3 sin a + 10)(10 sin a 3) = 0


3
sin a = ___
10

From diagram, h = 1 l sin a

( )

3
= 1 3 ___
10
1
h = ___ m
10

T sin q
q
T cos q
8g

N+

= 8g

T 8
____
3

__

Mg

mv2
____

= r

1: R = mg
mv2
2: mR = ____
r
m(21)2
mmg = ______
50
m = 0.9

T8
8v__2
____ = ___
3
8
T = 3v2
(ii) From 1
For contact with table N > 0

(iii)
I

____

v = 9.1g

Q.
Q 2.

(i) 1: R = mg
mv2
2: mR = ____
r
mv2
2
__ (mg) = ____
3
24
v2 = 16g

N = 8g T sin q
1
8g > 3v2__
___3
v < 8g

mR

... 1
__

(i) NZL:

Exercise 11C
E
Q. 1.
Q

=
T
__

8(9.1g)
cos a = _______
3 cos a

3 cos2a = 9.1 sin a

w 6.3 rads/sec
Q. 11.

8g
_____

__

l=3
T

T sin a
a
T cos a 8g
h
r = 3 cos a

v = 4 g = 12.52 m/s
(ii) 1: R = mg
mv2
2: mR = ____
r

m(7)2
m(mg) = _____
24
5
___
m=
24

Q. 3.

Q. 8.
Q

1: R = mg

(i)

2: mR = mw2r
1
__(mg) = mw2(0.1)
8
w2 = 12.25

x
4
A

w = 3.5 rads/sec
Q. 4.

8x

1: R = mg

Let | pr | = x

mv2
2: mR = ____
r

m(36)
1
__(mg) = ______
r
2
72
r = ___
g

| qr | = 8 x
By Pythagoras, x2 = (4)2 + (8 x)2
x2 = 16 + 64 16x + x2

720
= ____
98
360
____
=
49

x=5
sin A =

3
cos A = __
5

r=3

= 7 m (to nearest metre)


Q. 5.

4,
__

(ii)

Forces

Force

Resolved

T
N
T

mg
3
T
5

mN

Mg

m = 0.25

mg

r = 20
=

4
1: __T = mg
5
5mg
T = ____
4
3
__
2: T + T = mw2r
5
8 __
5
__

mg = mw2r
54

N = mg
NZL: F = ma
mv2
mN = ____
r
mv2
mmg = ____
r
___
v = mgr

( )

____________

2mg = mw2r

v = 0.25(9.8)(20)

2g = w2r

v = 7 m/s
Q. 6.

v2
tan A =__
gr
4,900
1 = ______
__
(9.8)r
8
r = 4,000 m = 4 km

Q. 7.

4
T
5

v2
tan A = __
gr
v2
5 = _________
___
12 10(4,800)
_______

v = 20,000 = 141 m/s

2g = 3w2

___

2
w = __ g rad/s
3
Q. 9.
Q

3.2 r
2.4
r

r2 + (2.4)2 = (3.2 r)2

(Pythagoras)

(i) Solving gives r = 0.7 m

1
__R = 49mr
2
But R = mg
1
__mg = 49mr
2
g
r = ___
98
1
___
=
10
3
r
But tan a = __ = __
4 h
4
h = __r
3
4 1
= __ ___
3 10
2
= ___ m
15
Forces

(ii) Forces

T
25
24

q
q
mg

( )

T sin q = mg
25mg
T = _____ 1
24
NZL: F = ma

(ii)

T + T cos q = mw2r

25mg
7
_____ 1 + ___ = mw2(0.7)
24
25
25g
32
w2 = ________ ___
(0.7)(24) 25

____

[ ]

mg

40g
w = ____
21
Q. 10.

Resolved
3
R
5

3
3
4
(i) Since tan R = __, sin = __, cos = __
5
5
4

4
R
5

Forces
R
1
R
2

mg

a
r
R
a

2: Fc = mw2r

3
R
5
a
4
R
5

10 R mg

3
2
1: __R + __R = mg
5
5
R = mg
2: Fc = mw2r
3
4
__R ___R = m(7)2r
5
10

3
4
__R + ___R = m(49)(r)
5
10

Resolved

3
R 2
10 R
5

3
2
1: __R = __R + mg
5
5
R = 5mg

mg

1 a
R
5

1
R
2

11
___R = 49mr
10
But r = 5mg
11
___(5mg) = 49mr
10
11g
r = ____
98
11
___
=
10
4
__
h= r
3
4
11
= __ ___
3 10
22
= ___ m
15

( )

(i)

yR

2
mg

2y

mg yR

The 3 kg particle:

R
y

3 Ups = Downs
T2 cos A = 3g

(ii) The left hand particle:

4 Lefts = Rights

1: R = mg

T2 sin A = R
1
3 g = __T2cos A
3

2: Fc = mw2r
yR
T + ___ = mw2(3y)
2
ymg
T + ____ = 3mw2y Equation A
2
The right hand particle:

Putting this into equation 1 gives:


1
T1 cos A = T2 cos A + __T2 cos A
3
4
T1 = __T2
3

1: R = mg

Equation 2 reads:

2: Fc = mw2r
yR
___ T = mw2y
2
ymg
____ T = mw2y Equation B
2

4
__
3

T2 + T2 = 196
T2 = 84 N
T1 = 112 N

Equation 3 reads:

Adding equations A and B gives


ymg = 4mw2y

T2 cos A = 3g

g
w2 = __
4

84 cos A = 3(9.8)
29.4
cos A = ____
84
7
___
=
20

__

g
w = ___
2
Q. 12.

Forces

= 0.35
A

1
T1

A = 70

1 sin A

lg T
2

T2

Exercise 11D
E

R R

Q. 1.
Q

Forces

Resolved

3g

The 1 kg particle:

T1cos A = T2cos A + g

Standard
position

Resolved

1 Ups = Downs

2 Fc =

Tq
mg

T2 cos A

T2 cos A

lg

T2 sin A

l Cos q

T2 sin A

co

T1 sin A T1 cos A

Q. 11.

mg sin q

mw2r

T1 sin A + T2 sin A = (1)(14)2(1 sin A)


T1 + T2 = 196

Let q = the angle with the upward vertical.

mv2
1 T + mg cos q = ____
l
1
1
__
2 Mg(0) + m(3gl) = mg(l + l cos q) + __ mv2
2
2
mv2 = mgl 2mgl cos q
Putting this result into equation 1 gives:
T + mg cos q = mg 2mg cos q
T = mg 3mg cos q
1
When the string goes slack, T = 0 0 = mg 3mg cos q cos q = __
3
Q. 2.

Forces
r cos q q

Resolved
R
q mg

Standard
position

R
mg cos q

mg sin q

mv2

1 mg cos q R = ____
r

( )

1 gr
1
2 mgr + __ m __ = mgr cos q + __ mv2
2 2
2
5
__
mv2 = mgr 2mgr cos q
2
Putting this result into equation 1 gives:
5
mg cos q R = __ mg 2mg cos q
2
When the particle leaves the sphere, R = 0
5
mg cos q = __ mg 2mg cos q
2
5
__
cos q =
6
q = 33 34
Putting this result back into equation 2 gives:
5
5
mv2 = __ mgr 2mgr __
2
6

()

___

5gr
v = ___
6
Q. 3.

Forces
o

a cos q q
a a cos q

R
q

R
mg

Assume that it just reaches the top


1
1
Mg0 + __ mu2 = mg(2a) + __ m(0)2
2
2
u2 = 4ga
____

u = 4ga

Resolved
mg cos q
mg sin q

mv2
1 R mg cos q = ____
a
1
1
2 mg(0) + __ m(4ga) = mg(a a cos q) + __ mv2
2
2
mv2 = 2mga + 2ma cos q
1
When q = 60, cos q = __
2
mv2 = 3mga
Putting these results into equation 1 gives

()

3mga
1
R mg __ = _____
a
2
7mg
R = ____
2
Q. 4.

Forces

Resolved
R

r cos q q
Standard r r cos q
position

mg cos q
mg sin q

mg

mv2
1 R mg cos q = ____
r

( )

1 7gr
1
2 mg(0) + __ m ___ = mg (r r cos q) + __ mv2
2
2
2
3
mv2 = __ mgr + 2mgr cos q
2
Putting this result into equation 1 gives
3
R mg cos q = __ mg + 2mg cos q
2
When the marble leaves the sphere, R = 0
3
mg cos q = __ mg + 2mg cos q
2
1
cos q = __
2
q = 120
3
1
It has risen r r cos q = r r __ = __r
2
2

( )

Q
Q. 5.
5

Forces

1
a
2
1
a
2

60

Putting this result into equation 1 gives:

Resolved
1
mg
2

60

1
mg
2

mg

Let v = the speed when q = 60


1
mv2
1 R __ mg = ___
a
2
1
1
1
2 Mg(0) + __ mu2 = mg __ a + __ mu2
2
2
2

mu mga
1
R __ mg = __________
a
2
mu2
1
__
____
R = mg + a mg
2
mu2 __
1
____
= a mg
2
g
u2 __
= m __
a 2

( )

mv2 = mu2 mga

Q. 6.

(ii) Forces

At 2
2l

Datum

P.E. = mgh
1
K.E. = __ mv2
2
(i) Energy
P.E. 2 + K.E. 2 = P.E. 1 + K.E. 1
1
1
__mv2 2 = 2mgl + __mv2 1
2
2
2
2
v 2 v 1 = 4gl ... 1

10

At 1

T2

NZL: F = ma

mg

mv2 2
T2 mg = ______ ... 2
l

mg

mv2 1
T1 + mg = _____ ... 3
l

T1

2 3 : T2 T1 2mg

m
= __ v2 2 v2 1
l

m
From Eqn 1 : T2 T1 2mg = __[4gl]
l
T2 = T1 + 6 mg QED

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