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Chapter 14 Exercise 14A

Q. 1.

2l
x

Q. 3.
Q

dm

Mass m

dx

m
(i) r = __ , dm = r dx
2l

Mass
r = _____
Area
m
= _________
p ( 32 12 )
m
= ___
8p

I = r x2 dx

[ ]

2l
m
I = ____ x3 0
3(2l)
m8l3
I = _____
6l
4ml2
_____
QED
I=
3

dm = r dA
m
= ___2pr dr
8p
mr
= ___dr
4

(ii) mk2 = I
__

mI

__

_____

4ml2
_____

So, dI = r2 dm

3m

___

4l2
= ___
3
Q. 2.

m
dI = __r3 dr
4
m 3 3
__
I=
r dr
4 1

2l__
___

OR

dx

Mass of annulus: dm
3

dI = x2 dm

k=

dr

[ ]

3
m
= ___ r4 1
16
m
___
= [ 81 1 ]
16

dm

m
r = ___2
d

x
d

I = 5m

(i) dI = x2 dm,
m
I = __
d

dm = r dA

x2 dx
_
d

= rd dx

__
d
2

[ ]

__
d

m
2
= ___ x3 __
d
3d
2

d3

d3

m
= ___ ___ + ___
8
3d 8
3
2md
= _____
24d
md2
____
I=
QED
12
__

(ii) k =

mI

__

_____

md2

= ____
12m
d__
k = ____
2 3

m
= ___2 ddx
d
m
= __ dx
d

Q. 4.
Q

QED
6l

l
x

dx

dm

dI = x2 dm

m
r = __
6l

But dm = r dx
m
= __ dx
6l
m
I = __
6l

l x2 dx
5l

[ ]

5l
m
= ___ x3 l
18l
m [ 125l3 + l3 ]
___
=
18l

= 7ml2

Q. 5.

r x3 dx

2m
I = ______
R2 r2

2l

[ ]

dx

2m
= ________
x4
4(R2 r2)
2k

m
= ________
(R4 r4)
2(R2 r2)

dA

r=

Noting that
R4 r4 = (R2 r2)(R2 + r2)

3m
___
4kl

m
= __ (R2 + r2) QED
2

dm = r dA
3m
=2___ 2k dx
4kl

Q. 7.

dr

3m dx
= ______
2l
now dI = x2 dm
3m
I = ___
2l

0 x2 dx
2l

[ ]

3m
I = ____ x3
3(2)l

2l

8ml3
= _____
2l

7y

I = 4ml2 QED
__

Mass, 8m

I
k = __
m

_____

4ml2

k = _____
3m

Noting, here mass = 3m

2l__
= ___
3

2m
r = ____2
3py

Q. 6.

dm = r dA
= r2pr dr

R
dm = annular mass

x
dx

Mass
r = _____
Area
m
= ________
p(R2 r2)
dm = r dA

4m
= ___2 dr
3y
Now dI = r2 dm
4m
I = ___2
3y

7y
__
2

y
_

r3 dr

[]

4m 4
= ______
r
4(3y2)

[
[

7y
__
2

y
_
2

m
= ________
2px dx
p(R2 r2)

y4
m 2,401
= ___2 ______ y4 ___
16
16
3y

2m
= ____
x dx
R2r2

4
m 2,400y
= ___2 _______
16
3y

now, by Definition dI = x2 dm

8m
8m
r = ___________
= _______2 (4)
2
2
p(48)y
y
49y
p ____ __
4
4

2m
dI = ______
(x3) dx
2
R r2

I = 50my2 QED

Q. 8.

Q. 3.

2p

(i)
x

3m

2l
dx

2p

x dA

4
Rod: IX: __ml2
3
3m
r = ____2 , dA = 2p dx
4p

1
Disc: Io: __ml2
2

dm = r dA

Parallel Axes:

3m
dm = ____2 2p(dx)
4p

(IX = Io + mr2)
ml2
IX = ____ + m(3l)2
2
19ml2
______
IX =
2
ITotal = IRod + IDisc

3m dx
= ______
2p
now dI = x2 dm
3m
I = ___
2p

p x2 dx

[ ]

3m
= _____ x3
3(2p)

19ml2 4ml2
= ______ + _____
2
3
(57 + 8) 2
________
=
ml
6
65
I = ___ml2
6

m
= ___ [ p3 + p3 ]
2p
(ii)

= mp2 QED

Exercise 14B
Q. 1.

1
(i) I = __(m)(3l)2 = 3ml2
3
4
__
(ii) I = (m)(3l)2 = 12ml2
3
(iii) Ip = Ic + md2

Disc:
mr2
IX = ____ + mr2
2
2
3mr
IX = _____
2

2l
p

= 7ml2

Pt Mass:

1
1
(a) (i) IA = __(m)l2 = __ml2
3
3
1
4
(ii) IB = __(m)(2l)2 = __ml2
3
3
(iii) IC = IA + IB

IX = m(2r)2
IX = 4mr2

(by perpendicular
axis theorem)

3mr2
ITotal = _____ + 4mr2
2
2
11mr
= ______
2

5
= __ ml2
3
(iv) Ip = Ic + md2
5
__

ml2 + m(2l)2
3
17 2
___
=
ml
3
=

Parallel Axes: (IX = Io + mr2)

= 3ml + m(2l)2

Q. 2.

(b) Only (iv) and by mr2 = (3m)(2l)2 = 12ml2

(iii)

A
B

2l

x
m
A
6l

For Rectangle:

Rod:

ml2
I = ___
3

4
IX = __ ml2
3

m(3l)2
m(l)2
IAA: ______, IBB = _____
3
3

System:
ITotal = IRod + ILamina

Perpendicular Axes Theorem:


IX = IAA + IBB

29ml2 4ml2
= ______ + _____
3
3
= 11ml2

9ml2 ml2
IX = _____ + ____
3
3

Q. 4.
Q

10ml2

= ______
3

2l

2l

(iv)
2m

Rod:

2r
x

6m

4
Ip = __(m)(2l)2
3
16
= ___ ml2
3
1
= 5__ ml2
3

Pt mass:
IX = m(4r)2 = 16mr2

Disc: Ip = Ic + md2

Disc:
(IX = Io +

1
= __(2m)(l )2 + (2m)(5l)2 = 51 ml2
2
1 2
1
__
Total = 5 ml + 51 ml2 = 56__ml2
3
3

mr2)

(2m)r2
= ______ + 2m(3r)2
2
= 19mr2

Q. 5.
Q

(i)

Rod:

4
IX = __(6m)r2
3
= 8mr2

By perpendicular axis theorem


IA + IB = IC

ITotal = 19mr2 + 8mr2 + 16mr2


= 43mr2
(v)
2l

m
o

A 2l

B
2l

Q. 6.
Q

ml2

IAA = IBB = ___


3
Axes Io = IAA + IBB
2ml2
Io = _____
3
|| Axes (IX = Io + mr2)
2ml2
Io = _____ + m(3l)2
3
29ml2
IX = ______
3

4
Ip = __ml2
3
l
l

Lamina:

(ii) But since IA = IB (by symmetry)


1
IA = __IC
2
1 1
1
__
IA = __mr2 = __ mr2
4
2 2

l
Standard
Position

1
1
mgh1 + __ I w21 = mgh2 + __ I w22
2
2
1
1
__
mg(1) + I(0) = mg(0) + __I w22
2
2
I w 22 = 2mg
4
__ml2 w22 = 2mg
3

___

3g
w2 = ___
2l

Q. 7.

(i)
2l

2l

l
q

Rod:
4
IP = __m(2l)2
3
16
___
= ml2
3
Disc:
IP = IC + md2

System

Disc

Rod

1
= __ml2 + m(51)2
2
51 2
___
= ml
2
51
16
Total = ___ml2 + ___ml2
3
2
185 2
____
=
ml
6
1
1
(ii) mgh+ mgh + __Iw2 = mgh + mgh + __Iw2
2
2
Rod

Disc

System

1
1
mg(7l) + mg(10l) + __I(0)2 = mg(3l) + mg(0) + __Iw2
2
2

2l
2l

Iw2 = 28mgl
185 ml2 w2 = 28 mgl
____
6
_____
168g
w = _____
185l

_____

168g
v = wr = 5l _____
185l
Q. 8.

2l
2l
Standard
Position

The rectangular lamina:


3l

3l
3
P
2
B

3
P
2

( )

1
IA = __m(3l)2
3

1 3
IB = __m __l
3 2

= 3ml2

3
= __ml2
4

IC = IA + IB
15
= ___ml2
4

IP = IC + md2
15
= ___ml2 + m(3l )2
4
51
= ___ml2
4

The point mass: Ip = mr2


= m(6l)2
= 36ml2

+ mgh

1
__

Lamina

Point mass

System

Lamina

Point mass

Iw2

System
Position 1

1
1
mg (6l) + mg (6l) + __l(0)2 = mg(3l) + mg(0) + __Iw2
2
2
Iw2

6l

= 18mgl

3k

Position 2
Standard

195
____ml2w2 = 18mgl
4
_____

51
The system Ip = ___ml2 + 36ml2
4
195
= ____ ml2
4
1
mgh + mgh + __Iw2 = mgh
2

____

Position

72g
24g
w = ____ = ____
195l
65l

____

24g
Speed of k = wr = 6l ____
65l
Q.9.

The rod:
4
Ix = __(3m)l2 = 4ml2
3

The system:

Ix = m(2l)2 = 4ml2

Ix = 8ml2

1
__

Iw2 = mgh

System

1
__
2

Iw2

Point mass

Rod

+ mgh

+ mgh

mgh

The point mass:

Rod

Point mass

System

y
l
Position 1

()
()

1 g
1
(3m)g(3l) + mg(4l ) + __I __ = (3m)gl + mg(0) + __Iw2
2 l
2
g
1
1
9mgl + 4mgl + __(8ml2) __ = 3mgl + __(8ml2)w2
2
2
l

4ml2w2

(i)
P

3m
o
Y

Rod:
4
IP = __m(3l)2
3
= 12ml2

l
Position 2

___

7g
___

2l

R 2l

Standard
Position

Lamina:

4l
Y

6l

= 14mgl

w=
Q. 10.

3m(2l)2
IQR = _______ = 4ml2
3
3ml2
Iyy = _____ = ml2
3
Axes: IO = IYY + IQR
= 5ml2

Then (IP = IO + mr2), (|| Axes


Theorem)
IP = 5ml2 + 3m(8l)2

Exercise 14C
E
Q. 1.
Q

radius r

IP = 197ml2

System:

ITotal = IRod + ILamina

30

= 12ml2 + 197ml2

r sin 30

= 209ml2
30
mg

(ii)

Position 1

(i) Gain in K.E. = Loss in P.E.


1
v
1
__mv2 + __Iw2 = mgh
w = __r
2
2
1 __
1 2 __v 2
1 mv2 + __
__
mr r = mg(120 sin 30)
22
2

3m

5l

1 2
1v2 + __
v = 60g
__
4
2
3v2 = 60g
__
4
v2 = 80g

6l

)(

____

v = 80g

= 28 m/s

(ii) v2 = u2 + 2as
5l

v2 u2 282 02 49
a = _______ = ________ = ___
2s
15
2(120)

Standard
Position

v = u + at
3m

28 0 ___
60
v u _______
s.
t = _____
=
a = __
49
7

Position 2

( 15 )

Energy Conserved:

Q. 2.
Q

(i)

N = mg cos q

P.E. 1 + K.E. 1 = P.E. 2 + K.E. 2

mg(11l) + 3mg(16l)

1
__

= mg(5l) + 3mg(0) + Iw 2 2
2
1
54mgl = __Iw 2 2
2
But I =

209ml2

108mgl
w 2 2 = _______
209ml2

_____

108g
w 2 = _____
209l

5
q 3
4

mg

Gain in K.E. = Loss in P.E.


1
1
__ mv2 + __ Iw2 = mgh
2
2
1
1 1
v2
__ mv2 + __ __mr2 __2 = mg(s sin q)
2
2 2
r
3
1 2 __
1 2
__
__
v + v = gs
multiply by 20
5
4
2

)( )
()

10v2 + 5v2 = 12gs

Looking at the forces on the 2m mass:


F = ma

15v2 = 12gs

v2

( )

4g
2mg T = 2m ___
5

4gs
___
5

10mg 5T = 8mg

v2 = u2 + 2as

5T = 2mg
2
T = __ mg N
5

4gs
___ = 0 + 2as
5
4g = 10a
2
a = __ g
5

Q.
Q 4.
T

(ii) On the point of slipping


mg sin q F = ma
2g
3
4
m g __ m m g __ = m ___
5
5
5
1
__
QED
m=
4

() ( )

()

Q. 3.

Forces:

x
mg

(i) Gain in K.E. = Loss in P.E.


1
1
__ mv2 + __ Iw2 = mgs
2
2

1
1
__ v2 + __v2 = gs
4
2
3
__ v2 = gs
4
4
v2 = __gs
3

T
2mg

Firstly, we find the speed of the 2m mass


after it has fallen a distance h.

mass

1 __
1
__

(2m)v2 +
2
22

disc

(ii)

mass

)( r )

a=
=

v2

2h

4
= __ g ms2
5

( )

3mg 3T = 2mg
3T = mg
1
T = __ mg
3

u2
_______
2s

+ 2as

2
mg T = m __ g
3

+ 2as

8gh
___
5 0
_______

u2

(iii) F = ma

1
v2 + __ v2 = 2gh
4
5
__v2 = 2gh
4
8gh
v2 = ____
5
u2

v2

_
4
v2 u2 3 gs 0 2
a = _______ = _______ = __ g
2s
2s
3

v2
mr2 __2 = 2mgh

v2

____

4
v = __gs
3

Gain in K.E. = Loss in P.E.


1
1
__ mv2 + __ Iw2 = mgh
2
2
1
__

)( )

1
1 1
v2
__ mv2 + __ __mr2 __2 = mgs
2
2 2
r

Q.
Q 5.

(i) R = 2 and r = 1
5
1
I = __m(4 + 1) = __m
2
2

Forces:

Q
Q. 6.

Forces:

R
F

mg

45

Resolved:

4mg

mg
2
mg

45

m mass

( )( )
1
15 v
mv + ( m )( ) = mg
( s2 )
4
2
22

__

= 4mgh mgh

__

16 2
_____
m

F = ma

16gs
_____
__ 0
13 2
________

2s
8g
_____
__

13 2

11T = 20mg
20
T = ___ mg
11

m/s2

m mass:

(ii) F = ma (assume annulus is on the


point of slipping)

mg
___
__

( ) (

mg
___
__

=m

8g
_____
__

13 2

( )

6
4mg T = 4m ___ g
11
44mg 11T = 24mg

v2 = u2 + 2as
2s

4
multiply by __
m

(ii) 4m mass:

16gs
__
v2 = _____
13 2

)( )

__
12
6
v2 u2 11gh 0
a = _______ = ________ = ___ g
2s
11
2h

__

a=

m mass

11v2 = 12gh
12
v2 = ___ gh
11
v2 = u2 + 2as

13v2 2 = 16gs

v2 u2
_______

4m mass

2v2 + 8v2 + v2 = 12gh

2 = 16gs

5v2

disc

___
__

multiply by

__

2 +

8v2

__2

__ __

4m mass

1
1
11
v2
__ mv2 + __(4m)v2 + __ __mr2 __2
2
2
22
r

Gain in K.E. = Loss in P.E.


1
1
__ mv2 + __ Iw2 = mgh
2
2
1
1 5 v2
__ mv2 + __ __m __2 = mg(s sin 45)
2
22
r
2

mg

(i) Gain in K.E. = Loss in P.E.


1
1
1
__ mv2 + __ mv2 + __ Iw2 = mgh mgh
2
2
2

__

F = ma

__

132
_____

11S = 17mg
17
S = ___ mg
11

multiply by mg
13 13m = 8
13m = 5
5
m = ___
13
This is the least value of m that will
5
prevent slipping m __
13

( )

6
S mg = m ___ g
11
11S 11mg = 6mg

Q.
Q 7.

radius r

30
P

30
mg

m
IP = __(3R2 + r2)
2
..
NZL: L = Iq

Gain in K.E. = Loss in P.E.


1
1
__ mv2 + __Iw2 = mgh
2
2
1
1
v2
__ mv2 + __(mr2) __2 = mg(s sin 30)
2
2
r
assuming it rolls a distance s downhill
gs
1
1
__v2 + __v2 = __
2
2
2
gs
__
v2 =
2

( )

v2 = u2 + 2as
v2

gs
__
2 0
______

u2

a = _______ =
2s

2s

About p:
..
m
mgR = __(3R2 + r2) q
2
(ii) Gain in K.E. = Loss in P.E.
1
1
__ mv2 + __ Iw2 = mgh
2
2

1
= __ g
4

Q. 8.
m

v2(2R2 + R2 + r2) = 4R2gh

v2(3R2 + r2) = 4R2gh

4R2gh
v2 = ________
3R2 + r2
2
v = u2 + 2as
v2 u2
a = _______
2s

dy

m
r = ________
p( R2 r2 )

dI = y2 dm
=

ry2

dA

2(R2 r2)
2

( R4 r4 )

3R2 + r2 2R2
= mg _____________
3R2 + r2

R2 + r2
= mg ________
3R2 + r2

m(R r )(R + r )
________________
2(R2 r2)

QED

Exercise 14D
E
Q. 1.
Q

4ml2
Rod: I = _____
3

Length: 2l
mass: m

mg

m
IP = __(R2 + r2) + mR2
2

10

(
(
(

3R2 + r2

2R2
T = mg 1 ________
3R2 + r2

m
I = __(R2 + r2)
2

2R2g
mg T = m ________
3R2 + r2

r y3dy

[ ]

m
________

(iii) F = ma

2m
= ________
y4
4(R2 r2)

(i) =

2h
2R2g
________

2p m
I = ________
p(R2 r2)

4R gh
______
0
3R2 + r2
__________

= 2pr y2(y) dy

]( )

1
1 1
v2
__ mv2 + __ __ m(R2 + r2) __2 = mgh
2
2 2
R
4R2
multiply by ____
m
2v2R2 + (R2 + r2)v2 = 4R2gh

For the Compound


Pendulum:
____
I
T = 2p ____
mgh

Here h = l: _____
4ml2
T = 2p _____
3mgl

___

4l
T = 2p ___
3g

Q. 2.

Disc:

Q
Q. 4.

IO = ____
2
IP =

mr2
____

2
3mr2
IP = _____
2

____

= 2p

m
y

Forces:

I
T = 2p ____
mgh
= 2p

4
Ix = __ml2
3
The system:
16
Ix = ___ml2
3
The point mass: Ix = m(2l)2 = 4ml2

mr2

The rod:
x

mr2

_____

3mr2
_____

y
mg

mg

2mgr

___

Resultant:

2g

3r
___

h
2mg

Q. 3.

2l

Taking moments about x:

mg(l) + mg(2l) = 2mgh


X

3
h = __l
2

2l

The mass of the system is 2m.

IXX = IYY
IXX =

mass: m

I
T = 2p ____
mgh

(Square Lamina)

ml2
___
3

(Standard Formula)

= 2p

Perpendicular Axes:
IG = Ixx + Iyy
IG = _____
3

__

2ml2

IP = IG + mr2

________
16ml2
_____
3
________
3l
(2m)g __
2
___

( )

16l
= 2p ___
9g

IG = 2Ixx

Parallel Axes:

____

8
__

__

l
= p __g
3
Q. 5.
Q
p

Here r = 2 l
__
2ml2
So IP = _____ + m( 2 l)2
3

8ml2
IP = _____
3
T = 2p
= 2p

____

I
____
mgh

_______

8ml2__
_______
3mg 2 l

_____

8l__
= 2p _____
3 2 g

The rod:
4
IP = __ml2
3
The disc:
IP = IC + md2
1
= __(2m)l2 + (2m)(3l)2
3
= 19ml2
The system:
61
4
IP = __ml2 + 19ml2 = ___ml2
3
3

11

To find h:

II Axes:

Forces:

IP = IC + mr2

15ml2
IP = ______ + m(9l)2
4
339ml2
= _______
4

mg
2mg

Resultant:

ITotal = IRod + ILamina


339ml2
= 12ml2 + _______
4

387ml2
= _______
4

3mg

mg(l) + 2mg(3l) = 3mg(h)

Find Position of Centre of Gravity G:

7
h = __l
3
The mass of the system is 3m.

Moments about p:
m(3l) + m(9l) = 2mh
h = 6l

____

I
T = 2p ____
mgh

= 2p

= 2p
Q. 6.

So T = 2p

________
61ml2
_____
3
________
7l
(3m)g __
3
____

(ii) Simple Pendulum Equivalent:

(i)

Y
C

X
m

3l

6l

Rod:
4
__

m(3l)2

IP = 12ml2
Lamina:

( )

3l
m __
__
3ml2

= _____
4
m 2
__
IYY = (3l)
3
= 3ml2
Axes:
IC = IXX + IYY

12

15ml2
______
4

Q
Q. 7.

_____

IP = IC + md2
1
= __ml2 + mx2
3
h=x m=m
____

I
T = 2p ____
mgh

3 2

k
__

129l
k = ____
16

6l

__

129l
2p g = 2p ____
16g

IXX =

_____

129l
= 2p ____
16g

21g

mgh

_________

61l
____

IP =

I
____

387ml2
= 2p _________
4(2m)g(6l)

( )

____

= 2p

___________
_
1 2
2
3 ml + mx
__________

mgx

___

7l
= 2p ___
6g
_
12
2
3l + x
_______

7l
= __
x
6
2l2 + 6x2 = 7lx

6x2 7lx + 2l2 = 0


(3x 2l)(2x l) = 0
2
1
x = __l OR x = __l
3
2

P
x

C
l

Q. 8.

(a)

(ii) Forces:

mg

mg

IC = IA + IB
1
1
= __ml2 + __ml2
3
3
2 2
__
= ml
3

Resultant:

(b) (ii)
l

2mg

Taking moments about p:


The rod:
4
Ip = __ml2
3
The lamina:
I p = Ic +

mg(l) + mg(3l) = 2mgh


h = 2l
The mass_____
of the system is 2m.
I
_____
T = 2p
mgh

md2

2
= __ml2 + m(3l)2
3
29
= ___ml2
3

________

11ml2
= 2p ________
(2m)g(2l)
___

11l
= 2p ___
4g

The system:
29
4
Ip = __ml2 + ___ml2
3
3
= 11ml2
(i)

Position 1

Position 2

C
R

Q. 9.

Standard
Position

The disc:
Ip = Ic + md2
3
1
= __mR2 + m = __mR2
2
2
The point mass:
Ip = (2m)(2R)2 = 8mR2
The system:
3
19
Ip = __mR2 + 8mR2 = ___mR2
2
2

13

1
1
mgh + mgh + __Iw2 = mgh + mgh + __Iw2
2
2

}
}

Point System Disc Point System


Mass
Mass
1
1 19
mg(2R) + (2m)g(2R) + __I(0)2 = mg(R) + (2m)g(0) + __ ___mR2 w2
2
2 2
19
5mgR = ___mR2w2
4
Disc

____

w=

20g
_____
19R

(ii) To find h:
Forces:

Resultant:

P
mg

2mg

3mg

mg(R) + 2mg(2R) = 3mg(h)


5
h = __R
3
The mass of the system is 3m.
T = 2p

I
____
mgh

= 2p

__

_______
19mR2
_____
2
_______
5R
(3m)g__
3

____

____

19R
= 2p ____
10g

19R
l
If this equals 2p __g , then l = ____
10
Q. 10.

(i) The rod:


4
la = __(3m)p2
3
= 4mp2

Taking moments about a:


mgy + 3mgp = 4mgh
y + 3p
h = _______
4
The mass____
of the system is 4m.
I
T = 2p ____
mgh

The point mass:

Ia = my2

The system = 4mp2 + my2

4mp2 + my2
= 2p ____________
y + 3p
4mg _______
4

(ii) To find h:
Forces
a

P
y
mg

3mg

____

40p
But this equals 2p ____
33g
y2

40p
+
________ = ____
y + 3p
33

b
4mg

14

_________

4p2 + y2
= 2p _________
g(y + 3p)

4p2

Resultant
a

____________

33y2 40py + 12p2 = 0


(3y 2p)(11y 6p) = 0
2p
6p
y = ___ OR ___
3
11

Q. 11.

(i) Standard Proof

8ml2 2(4ml2) 2(16ml2)


So ITotal = _____ + _______ + ________
3
3
3

(ii)

ITotal = 16ml2 QED

(iv) Note: By symmetry, centre of gravity


of system is at G

m
X

2l

h = r in part(ii)

T = 2p
O

____

I
____
mgh

________

16ml2__
T = 2p ________
5m g2 l

2l

IXX = IYY

_____
__

82 l
T = 2p _____
5g

m
= __ l2
3
Perpendicular Axes:

QED

Exercise 14E
E

IG = Ixx + Iyy
2ml2
IG = _____
3

Q. 1.
Q

o
x

Parallel Axes:
IO = IG + mr2

Length 2l

where r = 2 l
__
2ml2
IO = _____ + m( 2 l)2
3
8ml2
_____
IO =
3

mass m
ml2
IC = ___ IO = IC+ mx2, (||Axes)
3
ml2
___
IO =
+ mx2
3
m(l2 + 3x2)
= __________
3
____
I
T = 2p ____
mgh

__

(iii)

2l

l2x1 __x
1 ____
= 2p__
+g
2 3g
dx

8ml2

l2
_
1 ___
g 3gx2
dT
___
_________
=p 2
= 0 for minimum T
dx
___
_x _12
l

From (ii) IO = _____


3
4
IO = __ ml2
3
Rods C and D:
_______

r = 4l2 + l2
__

3gx

Q. 2.
Q

For minimum T

IO = IMid point + mr2

16ml2
IO = ______
3

(m, 2m)
3m

r = 5 l

+ m(

l2
1
_____
= __
3gx2 g
l2
x2 = __
3
l
___
x = __
3

Rods A and B:

l2
1
____2 + __
g
3gx

dT
___

Lamina:

][
1
__
2

1
__

2l

ml2
___

m(l2 + 3x2)
l2x1 + __x
T = 2p __________ = 2p ____
g
3mgx
3g

__________

__

Pt Mass: 2m

5 l)2

IO = 2mx2
Rod: m

ml2
IC = ___
3

15

Q. 4.
Q

||Axes:

mx2

IO = IC +

ml2

= ___ + mx2
3
ITotal = IMass + IRod

ml2
= 2mx2 + ___ + mx2
3
9mx2 + ml2
___________
=
3

[ ]

Disc:
mr2
IG = ____
2

____

I
T = 2p ____
mgh

||Axes:

___________

9mx2 + ml2
___________

T = 2p

3(3m)gx

l2 _
T = 2p __gx + ___ 2,
9gx

dT
___
dx

l2
___

2p __x
___

+
2 g 9gx
l2

1 = ____
__
2
g

Q. 3.

][
1
__
2

dT
For Min T, ___ = 0
dx
l2
____

1
__

g 9gx2

Square:

mr2 + 2mx2
T = 2p ___________
2mgx

ml2

2ml2

= _____
3

||Axes:

From c

Ip = IG + mx2

[ ]
[ ][
____

mgh

____________

dT
___

2ml2 + 3mx2
= 2p ____________
3mgx
x
= 2p ___ + __g
3gx
dT
___

x
2p 2l2
= ___ ___
+ __
2 3gx g
dx
dT
___
dx

=0

2l2
____
3gx2

2l2
____

1
__

+
3gx2 g

][
1
__
2

r2
1
____2 + __
g
2gx

=0

From c
T = 2p

__________
2mr2
mr2 + ____
2
__________
2mgr
____

__

____
__

___

3r
= 2p g 2 < 2p ___
2g

1
__
g

... d

r__
1
r2 + __
x = ___
____
g
2
2
2g x

For minimum T

__

2
x = __ l
3

16

dx

1
__

1
__

1
__

2p r2
x
= ___ ___ + __g
2 2gx
dx

dT
___

I
____

2l2

r2 + __x
T = 2p ___
2gx g

2ml2 + 3mx2
= ____________
3
T = 2p

___

dt
For minimum T, ___ = 0
dx

mr2
mr2 + ____
2
T = 2p __________
mgr
3r
= 2p ___
2g

__________

IG = ZIxx

___________

r
If x = __, we get
2

Ixx = Iyy
X

[ ]
____

__l

= ___
3
Axes:

mr2
Ip = ____ + mx2
2
2 + 2mx2
mr
= ___________
2
I
T = 2p ____
mgh

For Min T x =

9gx

QED

__

__r

3
since 2 < __
2

QED

Q. 5.

Square Lamina:

Q. 6.
Q

Ix

__

(i) IYY =

( )

IG = 2IYY

m
= __
2

||Axes:
IP = IG + 3mx2

= m + 3mx2 + m(1 2x+ x2)


+ m(1 + 2x+ x2)
= 3m + 5mx2
____

I
(ii) T = 2p ____ , By symmetry centre of
mgh
gravity of system
is at G.
m(3 + 5x2)
T 2 = 4p2 __________
5mgx
4p2 3 + 5x2
T 2 = ____ _______
x
5g

]
QED

5gx2

________________

2m(a2 + 12x2)(25)
So T = 2p ________________
25m(g)(a + 24x)
___________

2(a2 + 12x2)
T = 2p ___________
g(a + 24x)

1
_________
[ (a + 24x)(24x) (a2 + 12x2)(24) ]
(a + 24x)2

4p2 1
= ____ __2 [ x(10x) (3 + 5x2)( 1) ]
5g x
=

m(a) + 24mx = 25mh


a + 24x
h = _______
25

Now, Miniumum T occurs


(a2 + 12x2)
for __________ minimised
(a + 24x)

d(T )2
(iii) _____
dx

5x2

____

Taking moments about A:

ITotal = ILamina + IPt. Mass

QED

We need to find h, (the position of


centre of gravity)

C: IP = m(1 + x)2

4p2 [
____

2a

I
Now, T = 2p ____
mgh

3mx2

Pt. Mass: A: IP = m(1 x)2

(ii) Note: In this question the plane of


the disc is perpendicular to the
plane in which the rod moves,
i.e. as shown in diagram the disc
moves Into the page.

IG = m

c
m

(i) ITOTAL = 2m(a2 + 12x2)

( Axes)

IP = m +

2ma2
4
= __ma2 + _____ + 24mx2
3
3

2
3m ___
___

X
24m

()

3m

a2
24m __
3
________
Disc: IAA =
4
2ma2
_____
IYY =
3
2ma2
|| Axes: IAA = _____ + 24mx2
3
ITotal = IRod + IDisc

(b) Standard Proof


4
(c) Rod: IA = __ ma2
3

(a) Standard Proof

3]

a + 24x2 = a2 + 12x2
12x2 + ax a2 = 0

dT 2
For Minimum T, ____ = 0
dx

(3x + a)(4x a) = 0

5x2 = 3

(a + 24x)(24x) = (a2 + 12x2)(24)

__

3
x = __
5

a
x = __
4

For minimum T QED

17