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Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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Q. 1.

(i)

u = 150, v = 0, a = 15,000, s = ?

2,500 N

500 N

v2 = u2 + 2as

F = 2,500 500

= 2,000

F = ma

2,000 = 1,000a

a = 2 m/s2

0 = 22,500 + 2(15,000)s

s = 0.75 m = 75 cm

Q.

Q 6.

(ii) a = 2, u = 0, t = 20, s = ?

1

s = ut + __ at2

2

1

= 0(20) + __(2)(400)

2

= 400 m

Q. 2.

40 N

s = ut + at2

1

8 = (0)8 + __(a)(64)

2

1

__

a = m/s2

4

F = ma

F = 100 40 = 60

T = 40 N

Q. 7.

Q

F = ma

100 = 0 + 2(a)(50)

a = 1 m/s2

(ii) F = ma

()

1

(t 40) = 240 __

2

T = 160 N

Q. 4.

F = ma

T = 1,150 N

Q. 8.

Q

u = 200, v = 0, s = 1, a = ?

v2 = u2 + 2as

0 = 40,000 + 2(a)(1)

a = 20,000

F = ma

R = (0.050) (20,000)

= 1,000 N

40 N

()

1

(40 R) = 120 __

8

R = 25 N

Q. 5.

T 350 = (800)(1)

()

1

(t 40) = 150 __

2

T = 115 N

F = ma

v2 = u2 + 2as

F = ma

60 = 180a

1

a = __ m/s2

3

Q. 3.

()

1

(T 20) = 80 __

4

100 N

F = ma

60 = 120a

1

a = __ m/s2

2

u = 0, s = 8, t = 8, a = ?

F = ma

900 = (0.060)a

a = 15,000 m/s2

u = 400, v = 0, a = 20,000,

s=?

v2 = u2 + 2as

0 = 160,000 + 2(20,000)s

s=4m

Q. 9.

(a) F = 98 18

= 80 N

v = u + at

18 N

u2

3u = 2u __ t

2s

2s

__

t= u

10g = 98 N

u = 3u,

F = ma

80 = 10(a)

a=8

(b)

m/s2

v2 = u2 + 2as

(i) u = 0, a = 8, t = 10, s = ?

1

s = ut + __ at2

2

1

s = 0(10) + __(8)(100)

2

= 400 m

2s

u2

v = u + at 3u = 2u __ t t = __

u

2s

Q. 12.

Q

F = 1.4 2.1

2.1

= 0.7 N

F = ma

()

1

0.7 = __ a

7

a = 4.9 m/s

= 1,200 m

0 = 1.96 + 2(4.9)s

s = 0.2 m

F = ma

= 20 cm

25,000 = m(250,000)

m = 0.1 kg

= 100 grammes

u = 300, v = 0, a = 250,000,

s=?

v2 = u2 + 2as

0 = 90,000 + 2(250,000)s

s = 0.18 m

= 18 cm

v = 0, s = s,

a=?

Q. 13.

Q

In Air

u = 0, a = 9.8, s = 2.5, v = ?

v2 = u2 + 2as

v2 = 0 + 2(9.8)(2.5)

= 49

v = 7 m/s

In Material

v2 = u2 + 2as

u = 7, v = 0, s = 0.35, a = ?

0 = u2 + 2as

u2

a = ____

2s

v2 = u2 + 2as

F = ma

1

g = 1.4

v

v2 = u2 + 2as

v2 = u2 + 2as

40,000 = 90,000 + 2(a)(0.1)

a = 250,000

( )

u2

R = m ____

2s

0 = 49 + 2(a)(0.35)

a = 70 m/s2

R

mu2

= ______

2s

W = (0.01)g = 0.098

W=

u = 1.4, a = 4.9, v = 0, s = ?

u = u,

( )

v = 2u m/s

Q. 11.

v=?

1

s = (0)(10) + __(8)(400)

2

= 1,600 m

Q. 10.

u2

a = ____,

2s

u2

v2 = 9u2 + 2 ____ (5s)

2s

(ii) u = 0, a = 8, t = 20, s = ?

1

s = ut + __ at2

2

s = 5s,

F = ma

(0.098 R) = (0.01) (70)

R = 0.798 N

Q. 14.

Exercise 5B

E

Q. 1.

Q

(i) In Air

u = 0, s = 4h,

a = g,

R

3,000 N

v=?

mR

v2 = u2 + 2as

v2 = 0 + 2(g)(4h)

500g = 4,900 N

____

R = 4,900

mR = (0.4)(4,900)

= 1,960

v = 8gh

In Marsh

F = mg 8mg

= 7mg

8mg

F = ma

7mg = ma

a = 7g

____

u = 8gh ,

s=?

F = ma

(3,000 1,960) = 500a

a = 2.08 m/s2

Q. 2.

Q

300 N

mR

v = 0, a = 7g,

50g = 490 N

R = 490

v2 = u2 + 2as

0 = 8gh + 2(7g)s

4

s = __h

7

mR = 0.6(490)

= 294 N

F = ma

(300 294) = (50)a

a = 0.12 m/s2

In Air

u = 0, s = h, a = g,

v2

mg

v=?

Q. 3.

Q

(i)

u2

= + 2as

v2 = 0 ____

+ 2gh

v = 2gh

In Marsh

mR

1g = 9.8 N

Friction = mR

F = 4mg 8mg

= 4mg

F = ma

4mg = (4m)a

a = g

____

u = 2gh ,

a = g,

v2 = u2 + 2as

0 = 2gh + 2(g)s

s=h

Answer: No

R = 9.8

8mg

()

1

= __ (9.8)

7

4mg

= 1.4 N

(ii) F = ma

v = 0, s = ?

(1.4) = (1)a

a = 1.4 m/s2

The deceleration is 1.4 m/s2

(iii) u = 3.5, v = 0, a = 1.4, s = ?

v2 = u2 + 2as

0 = 12.25 + 2(1.4)s

s = 4.375 m

Q. 4.

(i)

time is proportional to the applied

force and takes place along the straight

line in which the force acts.

mR

100g = 9,800 N

R = 9,800 N

1

mR = __ (9,800)

4

= 2,450 N

24,000

2,000

2,450

(ii) ______ = 9.8

250

2,000g = 19,600

10 slaves needed.

(iii)

F = ma

(24,000 19,600) = 2,000a

a = 2.2 m/s2

R

1 TONNE

2,450 N

2,500 N

(ii)

R

F = ma

70

a = 0.05

Q. 5.

W = 70g = 686 N

m/s2

F = ma

(i)

(R 686) = (70)(2.2)

R = 840 N

R

T

mR

800g

R = 800g

= 7,840

1

mR = __ (7,840)

8

= 980 N

F = ma

1000 980 = 800a

800a = 20

a = 0.025 m/s2

(a) Momentum is the product of mass and

velocity.

(b) A newton is the force required to

accelerate one kilogram at one metre

per second squared.

Forces

Resolved

R

q Mg cos A

Mg

A

limiting friction

980

(ii) ____ = 4.9 5 dogs required.

200

(iii) T = 5(200) = 1,000 N

Q. 6.

Q. 7.

Q

F = ma

Mg sin A = Ma

1

a = __g

7

= 1.4 m/s2

v = u + at

7 = 0 + (1.4)t

t=5s

1

s = ut + __at2

2

1

= 0(5) + __(1.4)(25)

2

= 17.5 m

Mg sin A

Q. 8.

Q. 10.

Q

Forces

(i)

R

W

5

R

mR

13

A

10g

Resolved

50 N

mR

W

W

13

120

8g

12W

65

6g

W

12W

R + ___ = W R = _____

13

13

12W

mR = _____

65

F = ma

120 6g = 10a

a = 6.12 m/s2

(ii)

1

Dividing d by c gives m = __

5

Q. 9.

50 N

R

120

(i) Forces

R

10

0N

mR

8g

R + 50 = 8g

R = 28.4

1

mR = __(28.4)

4

= 7.1

F = ma

120 6g 7.1 = 10a

a = 5.41 m/s2

Resolved

60 N

80 N

98 N

c

d

R + 60 = 98 R = 38 N

Q. 11.

Q

F = ma

80 = 10a

a = 8 m/s2

1

__

___

24

____

.

5

5

Forces

Resolved

R

R

60 N

80 N

1

R

2

c

d

98 N

R + 60 = 98 R = 38

1

__R = 19 N

2

= The friction force

F = ma

(80 19) = 10a

a = 6.1 m/s2

6g

10g = 98 N

2g

A

2g cos A

cos A

1. R = 2g cos A

___

( )

= 2g

24

____

__

46

= ____g QED

5

2. F = ma

2g sin A = 2a

1

a = __g QED

5

Add equations:

Exercise 5C

14a = 4g

Q. 1.

2g

a = ___

7

(i)

T

= 2.8 m/s2

a

3 kg

11 kg

3g

T 3g = 3a

(ii) u = 0, a = 2.8, t = 3

1 2

s = ut + __

3 at

11g

1

2

s = (0)(3) + __

2 (2.8)(3)

s = 12.6 m

11g T = 11a

Q. 4.

Q

Add equations:

14a = 8g

4g

a = ___

7

= 5.6 m/s2

(i)

5g T = 5a

1 kg

2g

T

13 kg

T 2g = 2a

Add equations:

7a = 3g

(i)

T

2 kg

5 kg

5g

(ii) T 3g = 3a

T 29.4 = 16.8

T = 462 N

Q. 2.

3g

a = ___

7

= 4.2 m/s2

g

Tg=a

13g

(ii) u = 0, s = 2, a = 4.2, v = ?

v2 = u2 + 2as

v2 = 0 + 2(4.2)(2)

13g T = 13a

_____

v = 16.8 m/s

Add equations:

14a = 12g

_____

6g

a = __

7

v2 = u2 + 2as

0 = 16.8 + 2(9.8)(s)

= 8.4 m/s2

(ii) u = 0, a = 8.4, t = 3

v = u + at

v = 0 + (8.4)(3)

v = 25.2 m/s

Q. 3.

6

s = __

7m

Q

Q. 5.

(i)

a

(i)

5 kg

9 kg

5g

T 5g = 5a

9g

9g T = 9a

6 kg

1 kg

6g

a

6g T = 6a

Add equations:

7a = 5g

5g

a = ___

7

= 7 m/s2

T g = 1a

(ii) v = u + at

v = 0 + 7(1)

= 7 m/s

S

10 kg

(iii) u = 7, v = 0, a = 9.8, s = ?

10g

v2 = u2 + 2as

0 = 49 + 2(9.8)s

s = 2.5 m

Q. 6.

(i)

10g S = 10a

Add 3 equations:

15a = 9g

3g

a = ___ m/s2

5

4 kg

4g

4g S = 4a

1

(ii) Additional force of mR = __

2 (4g) = 2g

opposing the motion of the 4 kg mass,

i.e. to the left.

Equation 1

a

R

T

mR

Equation 2 becomes: S T 2g = 4a

2g

R = 2g

mR = _12R = g

S T g = 2a

Equation 1:

Tg=a

Equation 2:

10g S = 10a

15a = 7g

Equation 2

7g

a = ___

m/s2

15

Q. 8.

Q

1 kg

T g = a Equation 3

5 kg

5g

Add equations:

5g T = 5a

7a = 2g

2g

a = ___

7

= 2.8 m/s

4 kg

4g

T 4g = 4a

(i)

T

Equation 2

Add equations:

(i) 9a = g

1

a = __ g m/s2

9

1 kg

g

Tg=a

Equation 1

R = 4g

T

Equation 1

Q. 7.

Equation 3

4 kg

4g

S T = 4a

Equation 2

40

(ii) T = ___ g N

9

v = u + at

( )

1

v = 0 + __ g (2)

9

2

= __

g

m/s

9

v2 = u2 + 2as

2

0 = __ g 2 + 2(g)s

9

( )

2

g metres

s = ___

81

Q. 9.

Q. 10.

Q

12 kg

(i)

T

a

3 kg

3g

10 kg

4 kg

3g T = 3a

R1

S

T

3 kg

mR1

Equation 1

3g

4 kg

R1 = 3g

4g

T 4g = 4a

1

mR1 = __

(3g)

4

Equation 1

3

__

= g

4

3

T S __g = 3a

4

R = 12g

T

12 kg

3g

S T 3g = 12a

R2

12g

2 kg

mR2

Equation 2

Equation 2

2g

R2 = 2g

1

mR2 = __

(2g)

10 kg

1

__

= g

2

10g

10g S = 10a

1

S __g = 2a

2

Equation 3

Solving 3 equations:

7

a = ___g m/s2

32

Add 3 equations:

26a = 3g

3

a = ___ g m/s2

26

Now, find least value of m for which the

particles will not move:

15

75

(ii) S = ___g N and T = ___g N

32

16

Q

Q. 11.

Equation 3:

10g S = 10a

(i)

R = 7g

T 4g = 4a

Equation 1:

Equation 3

7 kg

add

7g

6g 12mg = 26a

3g 6mg = 13a

3g(1 2m)

a = __________

13

Let a = 0

3g(1 2m) = 0

1 2m = 0

1

m = __

2

T = 7a

Equation 1

T

3 kg

least value of m

for which the

particles will not

move.

3g

3g T = 3a

Equation 2

Add 2 equations:

Add 3 equations:

10a = 3g

m1a + Ma + ma = m1g mg

3g

a = ___

10

= 2.94 m/s2

m1 m

a = ____________ g

m1 + m + M

u = 0, a = 2.94, s = 3.3075

v2 = u2 + 2as

v2 = 2(2.94)(3.3075)

v = 4.41 m/s

Exercise 5D

E

Q. 1.

Q

vu

t = _____

a

4.41 0

= ________

2.94

= 1.5 s

(i) Pulley A:

T

a

10g

edge of the table and moves at a

constant speed of 4.41 m/s.

2T 10g = 10a

T 5g = 5a

distance 3.3075

Time = ________ = _______ = 0.75 s

4.41

speed

Q. 12.

Equation 1

Particle B:

M kg

T

2a

m1 kg

m kg

10g

10g T = 10(2a)

T

10g T = 20a

m kg

Equation 2

mg

5g = 25a

g

a = __ m/s2

5

Equation 1

T mg = ma

(ii) T 5g = 5a

()

g

T = 5 __ + 5g = 6g N

5

T M kg S

Mg

S T = Ma

Equation 2

Q

Q. 2.

(i) Pulley A:

T

S

a

m1 kg

m1g

m1 g S = m1 a

13g

Equation 3

2T 13g = 13a

Equation 1

Particle B:

Particle B:

T

2a

2a

20g

9g

20g T = 20(2a)

9g T = 9(2a)

18g 2T = 36a

20g T = 40a

Equation 2

Equation 2

5g = 49a

11g = 49a

5g

a = ___

49

49

___

=

49

= 1 m/s2

T 9g = 9a

T = 9(2.2) + 9g

T = 108 N

11g

a = ____ a = 2.2 m/s2

49

(ii) Acceleration of B = 2a

= 2(1)

Q. 4.

Q

= 2 m/s2

(iii) 2T 13g = 13a

2T = 13(1) + 13g

2T = 140.4

T = 70.2 N

Q. 3.

(i) Pulley A:

T

a

8g

A

B

2T 8g = 8a

T 4g = 4a

Particle B:

Pulley A:

T

2a

a

18g

2T 18g = 18a

T 9g = 9a Equation 1

10

Equation 1

22.5g

22.5g T = 22.5(2a)

22.5g T = 45a Equation 2

18.5g = 49a

mg = 5ma

1

a = __ g

5

(ii) 2T mg = ma

18.5g

a = _____

49

= 3.7 m/s2

()

g

2T mg = m __

5

10T 5mg = mg

(ii) Acceleration of B = 2a

= 2(3.7)

= 7.4 m/s2

(iii) T 4g = 4a

T = 4(3.7) + 4g

T = 54 N

10T = 6mg

3

T = __ mg

5

Q. 6.

Q

Q. 5.

(i) Particle E:

T

2a

mg

A

B

Pulley C:

metres, since there will be 2 metres

more string available. Hence, if A moves up

x metres while B moves down y metres, it

follows that y = 2x. Hence, the velocity and

acceleration of B will be twice those

of A. Therefore, if the acceleration of A is a,

then the acceleration of B will be 2a.

(i) Pulley A:

T

a

kmg

(ii) mg T = m(2a)

2mg 2T = 4ma

2T kmg = kma

Equation 1

Equation 2

2mg kmg = 4ma + kma

2g kg = 4a + ka

mg

2T mg = ma

(2 k)g = a(4 + k)

Equation 1

Particle B:

(2 k)g

a = _______

4+k

(iii) Let k = 0.5

1.5g g

a = ____ = __

4.5

3

T = mg 2ma

from Equation 1

g

T = mg 2m __

3

1

2

__

T = mg mg = __ mg

3

3

2a

()

mg

mg 2T = m(2a)

2mg 2T = 4ma

Equation 2

11

Q. 7.

Acceleration of 20 kg

1

pulley = __(a + b)

2

4 kg Mass

R = 4g

1 T g T 5g

= __ _____ + ______

5

2 4

T

mR = g

T = 5g

1

= __(g + 0)

2

4g

g

= __

2

T g = 4a

Equation 1

Q. 8.

Q

10 kg Mass

20 kg Pulley

R = 10g

T

T

a+b

2

T

mR = 5g

10g

20g

a+b

20g 2T = 20 _____

2

5 kg Mass

T 5g = 10a

Equation 1

20 kg Pulley

T

a+b

2

b

20g

5g

T 5g = 5b

T g = 4a

a=

Equation 3

a+b

20g 2T = 20 _____

2

Equation 1

10g T = 5a + 5b

Tg

_____

4

T 5g = 5b

Equation 2

6 kg Mass

Equation 3

N = 6g

T 5g

b = ______

5

T

10g T = 5a + 5b

( ) (

6g

Tg

T 5g

10g T = 5 _____ + 5 ______

5

4

5

5

__

__

10g T = T g + T 5g

4

4

multiply by 4

40g 4T = 5T 5g + 4T 20g

13T = 65g

T = 5g

12

mN = 3g

T 3g = 6b

T 5g = 10a

Equation 3

Equation 1

T 5g

a = ______

10

T 3g = 6b

Equation 3

Pulley

T 3g

b = ______

6

10g T = 5a + 5b

a

2

Equation 2

) (

T 5g

T 3g

10g T = 5 ______ + 5 ______

6

10

multiply by 6

60g 6T = 3T 15g + 5T 15g

14T = 90g

45g

T = ____ = 63 N

7

T

5g

a = ______

10

63 49

________

=

10

= 1.4 m/s2 acceleration of 10 kg

particle.

b=

Mg

( )

a

Mg 2T = M __

2

Ma

Mg 6g = ___ + 12a

2

M

g(M 6) = a __ + 12

2

g(M

6)

2g(M 6)

a = ________

= _________

__

M

M + 24

2 + 12

a=0

M6=0

M=6

at which the friction

between the 6 kg mass

and the table is just

overcome. If the value

of M is below this, there

will be no movement.

6

63 29.4

= _________

6

= 5.6 m/s2 acceleration of 6 kg

particle

2

Q. 9.

1.4 + 5.6

= _________

2

= 3.5 m/s2 acceleration

of 20 kg pulley

particle to move will be the 6 kg mass.

Initially, therefore, the only moving particles

will be the 6 kg mass and the pulley. The

system forces, just as the 6 kg mass starts to

move, will look like this:

6 kg Mass

T 3g

______

a+b

_____

Equation 2

Now, let M = 12

R = 6g

T

mR = 3g

6g

T 3g = 6a

Equation 1

R = 6g

T

T

a+b

2

T

mR = 3g

6g

12g

T 3g = 6a

2T 6g = 12a

a+b

12g 2T = 12 _____

2

6g T = 3a + 3b Equation 2

Equation 1

13

a+b

_____

N = 8g

T

mN = 4g

8g

Q. 10.

Q

3g

g

__

__

10 + 10

_______

2

3g

+ g 4g

= ______ = ___

20

20

g

= __ m/s2 acceleration of pulley

5

(i) Mass m

T 4g = 8b

Equation 3

T 3g = 6a

Equation 1

T 3g

a = ______

6

T 4g = 8b

b=

mg

Equation 3

T 4g

______

8

6g T = 3a + 3b

) ( )

) ( )

15T = 72g

T=

24g

____

N

5

T 3g

a = ______

6

24g

___

5 3g

= _______

6

24g 15g

= __________

30

9g

= ___

30

3g

= ___ m/s2 acceleration

10

of 6 kg mass

T

4g

b = ______

8

24g

4g

= ____ ___

5

8

24g 20g

= __________

40

4g

= ___

40

g

___

=

m/s2 acceleration

10

of 8 kg mass

14

Equation 2

T 3g

T 4g

6g T = 3 ______ + 3 ______

8

6

T 3g

T 4g

6g T = ______ + 3 ______

2

8

48g 8T = 4T 12g + 3T 12g

Pulley B

a+b

2

mg

Mass 3m

T

b

3mg

(ii) Mass m: T mg = ma

Equation 1

Pulley B:

a+b

Mg 2T = M _____ Equation 3

2

T

mg

a = _______

from Equation 1

m

T 3mg

b = ________

3m

from Equation 2

) (

a+b

Mg 2T = M _____ Equation 3

2

2Mg 4T = Ma + Mb

T mg

T 3mg

2Mg 4T = M _______

+ M ________

m

3m

multiply by 3m

+ MT 3Mmg

Exercise 5E

E

by 4

Q. 1.

Q

4

4

(a) tan A = __ sin A = __,

5

3

Forces

3Mmg = 3mT + MT

3Mmg = T(3m + M)

3m + M

g = T ________

3Mm

984

1

1

g = T ___

+ ___

3m as required

M

g=T

100g = 980 N

(iii) Let M = 3m

Resolved

( 3m + 3m )

1

___

1

___

( )

2

g = T ___

3m

984 N

3mg

T = ____

2

784 N

F = ma

3mg

___

2 mg

_________

588 N

T mg

a = _______

m

=

a = 2 m/s2

3mg 2mg

___________

2m

mg

= ___

2m

=

b=

=

g

__

2

R

984

1

R

3

A

T 3mg

________

1

R = 588 Friction = __R = 196 N

3

F = ma

3mg

___

2 3mg

__________

3m

3mg 6mg

= ___________

6m

3mg

= ______

6m

= m/s2 3m mass will move.

2

2

a = 0.04 m/s2

Q. 2.

Q

g

__

588 N

784 N

3m

a+b

_____

3

cos A = __

5

3 kg

Forces

_

_

2 2

= _____

2

not move.

3g

A

15

Resolved

15 kgs

Forces

Acceleration

T

T

15

3g cos A

15g

3g sin A

15g T = 15a

Acceleration

Equation 2

1

a = ___ g

35

9.8

acceleration = ___

35

F = ma

T 3g sin A = 3a

= 0.28 m/s2

T g = 3a

Equation 1

(ii)

a was negative i.e. it should

be upward).

(i)

5 kgs

10 kg

Forces

Accelerations

Q. 4.

Q

Forces

10

10g

10g T = 10a

Equation 2

5g

40g

9

Solving these gives a = ___ g, T = ____

13

13

Q. 3.

(i) tan A =

4

__

3

4

__

sin A = ,

5

3

__

Resolved

cos A = .

5

20 kgs

Forces

R

Acceleration

A 4g

Resolved

3g

20g

T 3g = 5a

Equation 1

8 kgs

Forces

T

Acceleration

R

8g

Acceleration

S T = 8a

T 16g = 20a

16

Equation 1

Equation 2

20 kgs

Q

Q. 5.

Forces

Acceleration

S

4

Since tan A = __,

3

18 kgs

Forces

Acceleration

Equation 3

mR

17g = 33a

17

a = ___ g

33

Acceleration

mR

4g

R = 4g

1

mR = __ (4g) = g

4

T g 3g = 5a

T 4g = 5a Equation 1

8 kgs

18g

R = ____

5

24g

5

( )

1 18g

mR = __ ____

6 5

3g

= ___

5

F = ma

3g 24g

T ___ ____ = 6a

5

5

27g

T ____ = 6a

5

Equation 1

2 kgs

Forces

Forces

T

18g

A 6g cos A = 5

6g sin A =

(ii) 5 kgs

Resolved Forces

20g

20g S = 20a

3

cos A = __

5

4

sin A = __,

5

Acceleration

Acceleration

R

a

S

a

T

S

mR

mR

8g

R = 8g

1

mR = __(8g) = 2g

4

S 2g T = 8a

36g

5

20 kgs

Forces

48g

5

Equation 2

Acceleration

a

( )

36g

6g

1 36g

= ____ mS = __ ____ = ___

5

5

6 5

48g 6g

= Ma ____ ___ T = 12a

5

5

42g

____ T = 12a

5

20g

20g S = 20a

Adding gives

14g = 33a

14g

a = ____

33

Equation 2

Equation 3

3g = 18a

1

a = __ g

6

32g

T = ____

5

17

Q. 6.

()

4

Since tan A = __,

3

4

sin A = __ ,

5

3

cos A = __

5

(ii) 12 kgs

Forces

(i) 20 kgs

Forces

Acceleration

Acceleration

T

R

12g

mS

A 12g

5g

16g

T 16g = 20a

Similarly,

Equation 1

1

S = 12g mS = __ (12g) = 3g

4

T 3g 5g = 13a

5

5

12

Since tan B = ___

, sin B = __

, cos B = ___

13

12

13

13 kgs

Forces

5g = 33a

5

a = ___ g m/s2

33

329

T = ____ g N

330

g A

5g

5g T = 13a

Exercise 5F

E

Equation 2

11g = 33a

1

a = __g (i.e. they go the other way)

3

The acceleration of the masses is

28

1

__

g m/s2 and T = ___g N

3

3

Q. 1.

Q

B

T

A

T

6g

C

(ii) 20 kgs

Forces

S

S

Acceleration

D

f

4g

S

E

A: T 6g = 6a

12g

C: 2S T = 0

T = 2s

16g

D: 4g S = 4(a + f)

E: S 3g = 3(f a)

R = 12g

1

mR = __(12g) = 3g

4

16g 3g T = 20a

13g T = 20a

3g

mR

18

Equation 2

T

12

T 8g = 13a

Acceleration

A becomes 2S 6g = 6a

S = 3a + 3g

Equation 1

D becomes 4g 3a 3g = 4a + 4f

7a + 4f = g

E becomes 3a + 3g 3g = 3f 3a

A: T 2Mg = 2Ma

f 2a = 0

1

Solving these gives a = ___g m/s2,

15

2

f = ___ g m/s2

15

C: Mg + 2S T = Ma

Q. 2.

D: S Mg = M(b a)

E: 2Mg S = 2m(b + a)

D + E Mg = 3Mb + Ma

3b + a = g

A + C D + E 2Mg = Mb + 6Ma

mR

b + 6a = 2g

5

4

Solving these gives a = ___g, b = ___g

17

17

g

Acceleration of D = b a = ___

17

8

i.e. ___ downward.

17

9

Acceleration of E = b + a = ___ g

17

downward.

S

4Mg

T

b

3Mg

C

Mg

T

b

Q. 4.

(i)

2Mg

1

Since R = 4Mg, mR = __(4Mg) = 2Mg

2

A: S 2Mg = 4Ma

B: 3Mg + 2T S = 3Ma

T

8g

C: T Mg = M(b a)

S

S

D: 2Mg T = 2M(b + a)

Adding C and D 3b + a = g

2a

2g

A + B C + D b + 10a = 4g

11

Solving these gives a = ___ g m/s2,

29

6

b = ___g m/s2

29

4

4g

A: 2T 8g = 8a

C: 2s T = 0(2a)

T = 2s

Q. 3.

B

C: T = 2S

T

A

A becomes 4S 8g = 8a

S = 2a + 2g

2Mg

C

S

S

b

6a 2b = 0

S

Mg

D

Mg

E

2Mg

b

5a + 2b = g

3g

g

Solving these gives a = ___, b = ___

11

11

19

m(12a 5g)

D becomes: 3mg ____________

2

g

(ii) Pulley A: Acceleration: a = ___ m/s2

11

2

= 3m(a + b) multiply by __

m

2g

Pulley C: Acceleration: 2a = ___ m/s2

11

2 kg particle:

g

Acceleration: b 2a = ___ m/s2

11

4 kg particle:

8g

Acceleration: b + 2a = ___ m/s2

11

Q. 5.

7m mass

6g 12a + 5g = 6a + 6b

18a + 6b = 11g

Equation F

Equation F (2): 36a + 12b = 22g add

84a = 49g

5m pulley

49g

a = ____

84

7

a = ___ gm/s2 acceleration of 7m mass

12

R

T

7mg

Q. 6.

Q

8 kg mass

2 kg pulley

R = 4g 3

T

5mg

a

2m mass

mR

3m mass

4g 3

8g

2g

4g

S

a+b

ab

3mg

2mg

g

=4

3 kg mass

S

5 kg mass

S

a+b

ab

Equations of Motion

3g

A:

T = 7ma

B:

2S + 5mg T = 5ma

2S + 5mg 7ma = 5ma

m(12a 5g)

S = ___________

2

C:

2mg S = 2m(a b)

D:

3mg S = 3m(a + b)

m(12a 5g)

C becomes: 2mg ___________

2

2

= 2m(a b) multiply by __

m

4g 12a + 5g = 4a 4b

16a 4b = 9g

20

Equation E

5g

8 kg mass A: T 8g = 8a

T = 8g + 8a

2 kg pulley B: 2g + 2S T = 2a

2g + 2S 8g 8a = 2a

S = 5a + 3g

3 kg mass C: 3g S = 3(a b)

5 kg mass D: 5g S = 5(a + b)

Equation C becomes: 3g 5a 3g

= 3a 3b

8a 3b = 0 Equation E

Equation D becomes:

5g 5a 3g = 5a + 5b

Forces

10a + 5b = 2g

Equation F

Equation F (3): 30a + 15b = 6g

Mg

1

R

S

2

add

70a = 6g

a=

a=

3

___

35

2Mg

6g

___

Acceleration

70

Exercise 5G

F = ma

1

__R = 2Ma R = 4Ma . e

2

Putting this result into equation d gives:

Q. 1.

3 Mg 8Ma = Ma

__

__

g m/s2

9

Putting this result into equation c gives:

a=

f

R

30

3

___

Mg

__

( )

__

3

g = 2f 3 ___g

9

2

__

f = g m/s2

3

2Mg

Q. 2.

Q

Forces

1 kg

7 kg

3

Mg

9

30

45

1 Mg

Forces on 1 kg mass

R

Accelerations

3

a

2

1

a

2

g

2

g

g

2

30

f

Forces on wedge

__

3 )

1Mg = M(f ___

__

2a

__

. c

g = 2f 3 a

R

2

__

3

___

( )

1

Mg R = M __a

2

2

__

3 Mg 2R = Ma

. d

R

R

2

7g

21

15

Now, find speed of wedge when t = ___

8g

15

1

___

___

u = 0, a = g, t =

8g

15

v = u + at

g 15

= 0 + ___ ___ g

15 8

1

= __

8

= 0.125 m/s

Acceleration of 1 kg mass

a

2

a

2

( )( )

Acceleration of wedge

a

Q

Q. 3.

g

a__

__ = 1(f ___

___

)

2

2

__

g = f2 a c

1 kg mass perpendicular to slope:

45

F = ma

3g

a__

R = ___

2

2

__

The Particle:

g R 2 = a

Forces

Wedge horizontal: F = ma

R__

___

= 7a

2

g

___

__

1g

__

R = 7a2

2

45

g 14a = a

15a = g

1

a = ___ g m/s2 acceleration of

15

wedge

Acceleration

__

1

g = f 2 ___g

15

a

2

a

2

45

__

15g = 15f 2 g

__

15f 2 = 16g

16__

f = _____

g

15 2

__

8 2

____

15

__

m/s2

u = 0, v = 2 , f =

vu

t = _____

f

__

15__

= 2 ______

8g 2

15

___

=

seconds

8g

( )

22

acceleration of

particle relative

to the wedge

__

8 2

____

15

F = ma

g

a__

__ = 1 f ___

___

2

2

__

g = 2 f a

)

. c

F = ma

g

a__

__ R = 1 ___

___

2

2

__

g 2 R = a

( )

d

The Wedge:

Q. 4.

Forces

3

3

4

Since tan A = __, sin A = __, cos A = __

5

5

4

R

Mg

S

4Mg

R

2

The Particle:

R

2

3g

Forces

R

Acceleration

a

4

A 5 Mg

F = ma

R__

___

= 3a

2

__

3

Mg

5

R = 3 2 a

. e

Accelerations

__

__

1

gi

7

4g

i

7

4g

j

7

__

F = ma

3

4

__Mg = M f __a

5

5

3g = 5f 4a c

__

__

3

__

__

4

__

F = ma

3

4

__Mg R = M __a

5

5

4Mg 5R = 3Ma d

( )

__

= gi gj

7

7

____________

__

16

9

|f + a | = ___ g2 + ___ g2

49

49

=

2549 g

_____

___ 2

5

= __ g

7

This is the magnitude of the actual

acceleration of the particle.

The Wedge:

Forces

__

3

a

5

__

4 4

1

f + a = __ gi __ gj + __gi

7

7

7

__

4

a

5

A

__

g 2 (3 2 a) = a

1

a = __g m/s2

7

Putting this result into equation c gives:

__

1

g = 2 f ___

__ 7g

4 2 g

f = _____ m/s2

7

__

Acceleration

a

4

R

3

a

4Mg

F = ma

3

__R = 4Ma

5

20

R = ___Ma e

3

Putting this result into equation d gives:

12g

100

4Mg ____ Ma = 3Ma a = ____ m/s2

3

109

23

Q. 5.

Mg

T

3

4

S __Mg = M __a

5

5

5S 4Mg = 3Ma

Mg

3

4

Along the plane: __Mg = M __a + c

5

5

3g = 4a + 5c .. e

( )

2Mg

3

4

4

Since tan a = __, sin A = __, cos A = __

5

5

3

3Ma + 4Mg

S = ___________

5

3

3

4

Since tan B = __, sin B = __, cos B = __

5

5

4

. f

The Wedge:

Forces

First Particle:

Forces

3

R

5

R

a

3

Mg

5

b 4

S

5

b

3

S

5

4Mg

4

R

5

A

4

Mg

5

Acceleration

a

Accelerations

5

4

a

5

4g = 5b 3a

) (

c

Q. 6.

Q

F = ma

3Mg 4Ma

3 3Ma + 4Mg

4 ___________

__

__ ___________ = 2Ma

5

5

5

5

(from d and f)

1

___(12Mg 16Ma 9Ma 12Mg) = 2Ma

25

a=0

Along plane:

F = ma

3

4

__Mg = M b __a

5

5

3

R __S = 2Ma

5

4

__

3

a

5

(i) 4m mass

R

4mg

5

( )

3

4

__Mg R = M __ a

5

5

3 Mg 5R = 4Ma

3Mg 4Ma

R = ___________

5

Accelerations

4

a

5

s

4

Mg

5

q

R

5

3

a

5

R

2R

5

N

1N

3

24

8mg

5

Wedge

Other Particle:

Forces

3

Mg

5

4mg

mg

Q

Q. 7.

Accelerations

4m mass

R

S

2a

5

a

5

R

2Mg

Mg

45

45

3Mg

The 2M mass:

Forces

Wedge

(ii)

2M

F = ma

8mg

a__

__ = 4m f ___

____

5

5

__

2g = f 5 a

2M

5

multiply by ___

4m

__

__

6R mg 5 R = 3ma 5

__

5R = m 5 (3a + g)

m__

R = ___

(3a + g) e

5

Putting this result into equation d gives:

g

5 ___

m__

___

4m 5

__

a__

Along the plane: 2 Mg = 2M b ___

2

__

g = 2 b a c

(3a + g) = 2a

multiply by 4

4g (3a + g) = 8a

3g = 11a

3g

a = ___ acceleration

11

of the wedge

__

a__

2 Mg R = 2M ___

2

( )

__

R = 2 Mg 2 Ma

1

R__

2R

__ __

___

N = ma N = mg + ___

5

5 3

R__

1

2R

__ __

mg + ___

= ma

___

3

5

5

__

multiply by 35

a

2

b

__

Wedge horizontal: F = ma

__

a

2

( )

Acceleration

__

F = ma

4mg

2a

__ R = 4m ___

__

____

__

5

5

5

___

multiply by

4m

__

5

g ___ R = 2a d

4m

The M mass:

Forces

Accelerations

a

2

Mg

2

a

2

Mg

2

Mg

a__

__ = M c + ___

Along the plane: ___

2

2

__

g = 2 c + a

. e

Mg

a__

__ = M ___

S ___

2

2

( )

Mg

Ma

__ + ___

__

S = ___

2 2

25

The Wedge:

Acceleration of 1 kg mass

Forces

4a

5

a

f

S

S 2

S 2

3 Mg

R

2 R

2

Acceleration of wedge

a

Acceleration

F = ma

__

R S = 3 2 Ma

__

R__

___

__

S__

___

= 3Ma

__

Mg

___

Ma

__ __ = 3 2 Ma

2 Mg 2 Ma ___

2 2

(from d and f)

2Mg 2Ma Ma Mg = 6Ma

1

a = __ g m/s2

9

Q. 8.

3

(i) tan q = __,

4

3

sin q = __

5

4

cos q = __,

5

F = ma

( )

3a

4mg R = 5m ___

5

4mg R = 3ma d

Wedge horizontal:

F = ma

3R N

4R

___ __ = ma N = mg + ___

5

5

2

3R 1

4R

___ __ mg + ___ = ma

5

5

2

6R 5mg 4R = 10ma

2R = 5m(2a + g)

5m

R = ___(2a + g) e

2

5m

4mg ___(2a + g) = 3ma

2

2

multiply by __

m

Forces on 5m mass

R

8g 10a 5g = 6a

16a = 3g

3

a = ___g acceleration of wedge

16

Putting this result into equation c gives

4 3g

3g = 5 f __ ___

5 16

3g

3g = 5f ___

4

12g = 20f 3g

4mg

5mg

3mg

( ( ))

Forces on wedge

4R

5

N

R

3R

5

mg

26

4a

3mg = 5m f ___

5

4a

___

3g = 5 f

c

5

5 kg mass perpendicular to slope:

5m

N

2

3a

5

20f = 15g

3

f = __g acceleration of the particle

4

relative to the wedge

Forces

3g

u = 0, s = 1, a = ___,

16

1

s = ut + __at2

2

Acceleration:

( )

1 3g

1 = __ ___ t2

2 16

2

3gt

____ = 1

32

___

32

t = ___ s

3g

a

1g

The Wedge:

___

Forces

3g

32

u = 0, t = ___ , f = ___

4

3g

1

s = ut + __ft2

2

3g

32

1

= __ ___ ___

2 4 3g

T

T

( )( )

R

P

=4m

8g

Q. 9.

T

R T

T

S S

4

T

5

3

T

5

5g

A

4

R

5

8g

3

3

4

Since tan A = __, sin A = __, cos A = __

5

5

4

The 5kg Mass:

Forces

R

a

3

R

5

8g

Acceleration

a

3

4

(v) __R __T S = 8a

5

5

a 4g

Q. 10.

Q

R T

3g

a

Acceleration

g

4a

5

T

5g

a

5

a

f

Forces

4

(i) Along the plane: 3g T = 5 f __a

5

(ii) Perpendicular to the plane

3

4g R = 5 __a

5

( )

4g

5

3g

5

27

Accelerations

The Wedge:

Forces

T

3a

4a

5

( )

( )

3

4

1. T __g = 1 f __a

5

5

3

4

2. R __g = 1 __a

5

5

p

8g

Resolved

4

5T

Forces

T cos q

5T

q T sin q

S T cos q

T sin q

4

5R

5R

g

8g

5g

Accelerations

Acceleration

a

a

q

f cos q

f sin q

3. 5g T cos q = 5(fcos q)

4. T sin q = 5(a f sin q)

28

8g

3

4

5. __T __R T sin q = 8a

5

5

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