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Resource to encourage the study of the Rebbe’s sichos
- הענינים מלקו"ש השבועי ועודלע"נ ר' אפרים ב"ר אברהם ע"ה האפמאן Resource to encourage the study of the Rebbe’s sichos
Rabbi Benyomin Hoffman PRODUCED BY: HEIMISH HOUSE.COM
In memory of: Ephraim ben Avrohom (Fred Hoffman) Chaya bas Avrohom (Irene Hoffman)
Three presentations to better understand the published talks of the Lubavitcher Rebbe on the weekly Torah Parsha. 1) Ben Chamesh L’Mikra – series of questions designed for classroom or the Shabbos Table, based on the unique prospective of the Lubavitcher Rebbe 2) Overview – one page review of all the sichos for the weekly Parsha 3) Abstract – short review of the content and message of the Rebbe
Purpose: These presentations assists a person new to these talks with an overview and
introduction in English of the information conveyed in these talks. For those who have a familiarity with these talks, these presentations provide a review of the main concepts and an impedous to further study of a particular talk in the original.
Intended User: Variation:
Adult with connection to Chabad
Can be used within high school or post high-school setting, or adult education.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
BEN CHAMASH L’MIKRA OVERVIEW ABSTRACT
VAYIKRA Tzav Shemini Tazria Metzora Acharei Kedoshim Emor Behar Bechokosai
PAGE 3 8 12 17 22 27 32 37 42 47
4 9 13 18 23 28 33 38 43 48
5-7 10-11 14-16 19-21 24-26 29-31 34-36 39-41 44-46 49-51
BEN CHAMESH L’MIKRA
Understanding the Parsha according to the Rebbe ממ”ש
QUESTION: HaShem calls to Moshe using ,ויקראbut to the prophets of other nations HaShem uses ( ויקרchance, temporary). What is the significance of the difference of only one letter " ?"א ANSWER: The letter " "אrefers to the אלופו של העולםthe head of the world. This extra letter expresses the true and permanent connection between HaShem and the Jews. The calling of love from HaShem extends to all Jews, who all contain a spark of Moshe.
')ספר השיחות ה'תשמ"ט כרך א, עמ
QUESTION: Since HaShem receives no benefit from the korban, then what is the reason for Korbanos? ANSWER: Just like eating reveals the spiritual properties of the soul in the body, so too, korbanos (which are called “bread”) reveal in the world that HaShem is master of all. HaShem desires that we do Torah and Mitzvos connecting us with Him, to make the entire world like a korban to G-d, making His Home in this world.
')לקוטי שיחות כרך יב, עמ
QUESTION: What is the lesson from a small Aleph in reference to Moshe in this Parsha and a large aleph in reference to Adam HaRishon? ANSWER: The large aleph by Adam signifies one should recognizes one’s abilities; the small aleph from Moshe indicates a level of humility that one understands that one’s talents are gifts from Above.
')לקוטי שיחות כרך יז, עמ
QUESTION: Why does the Parsha start with an individual’s voluntary sacrifices ( )קרבן נדבהand not with obligatory and/or communal sacrifices? ANSWER: The Parsha starts with an individual’s voluntary sacrifice, to indicate that one’s good intentions are the basis of all offerings (even obligatory sacrifices). Good intentions are part of the essential nature of a Jew which is the result of HaShem’s love to the Jews.
')לקוטי שיחות כרך יז, עמ
QUESTION: What is the benefit to starting a child’s education with Parshas VaYikra? ANSWER: Three periods in the Jewish people (prior to the Avos, the Avos, and after Matan Torah) corresponds to the 3 periods in every person’s life (pre-Chinuch, Chinuch, post Bar-Mitzvah). The core of the sacrifice can reveal the love between G-d and the Jew that transcends Torah, primarily found in the pre-Avos period; thus, the custom of the pre-chinuch children to learn the Korbanos of VaYikra. The child that is completely pure, touches (reveals) G-d’s essential love to the Jewish people, even without understanding; that love continues to adulthood, even when one strays, can be activated by bringing a Korban. (1 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך כב, עמ
Parsha VaYikra OVERVIEW
Parsha VaYikra CONTENT HIGHLIGHT
If a person desires to draw close to G-d, then one must offer of oneself One small action sets the tone for the whole day Strength of action without knowing HaShem is the third party in all one’s transactions A sincere apology accounts for the total loss Expression of affection by G-d calling to Moshe, the Jews responded on Purim with “until one does not know” Adam was alone in his world; his conquering acquired all Our proper intention makes the difference whether from the perspective of the person (the little) or from the perspective of HaShem, the recipient (the lot) The need to recognize one’s greatness, yet remain humble Parsha starts with voluntary sacrifice to indicate one’s good intentions are the basis of all of one’s offerings Transforming a dispute into a delicacy A sacrifice offering of wood – disputes of Rebbi & Rabanan, (literal vs. general) The leader brings to his generation a heightened awareness of the seriousness of an unintentional sin Purity of young children exemplifies the love between G-d and the Jewish people The wood sacrifice is the ultimate sacrifice, total consumption Korbanos require one to complete the substance and not necessarily the details Bringing from the best of items for Korbanos is a function of the Korban, and not of the person G-d always view the Jewish people with affection, since they are bound together G-d’s Will and the action is done without human assistance Process of atonement for a specific transgression Resolve for the future & remorse over the past Sin offering is for the past; Olah for the future Levels of the Revealed and of the Hidden
פסוק מכם *נפש כי תחטא *לאשר הוא לו ויקרא *אדם סיום מס' מנחות
חלק א ג זא זב
יקריב מכם *ונמצה דמו קרבן מנחה *אשר נשיא יחטא ויקרא קרבן מנחה רמב"ם רמב"ם *את פני *ריח ניחוח על חטאתו רמב"ם
יז יזב יזג יזד יזה כבא כבב כזא כזב כזג לבא
Remove the passion from the physical to enable use of the physical for Kedusha The start of the day is to devote one’s passions to the Altar (then HaShem helps the rest of the day) The blemish generated by committing an unknowing sin can be more severe than that resulting from the conscious commission Even in matters between two people is considered an infraction against G-d; yet nothing stands in the way of Teshuvah One should not be enticed by “religious” arguments, to not be sensitive to the needs & feelings of others By virtue of a Jew’s inherent connection to G-d, one is able to transform aveiros into Mitzvos If a person desires to draw close to HaShem, then one must offer of oneself ( )אThe Korban Tamid, though not brought constantly, is called constant in that this Korban influences and sets the tone for the entire daily service in the Bais HaMikdash ( )הA person is held responsible, and therefore must bring a sacrifice, for a sin committed unintentionally, because it is one’s fault that sin occurred (doing without thinking) כי יחטאtype of sin involving denial of witnesses or contracts on money or loans ומעלה מעלtype of sin involving taking another’s object פקדוןimproperly, which is between the two parties, also denies the third party (G-d) Adding the value of a fifth in repaying for a stolen item is not to add further punishment, but to make the damaged party as whole as possible, including the loss of use of the item The expression “G-d calling to Moshe” extends His affection to the Jews even in the times when they sin; and it is answered by Jews on Purim with “until one does not know the difference” Adam was alone in his world; his conquering acquired all, like the law of a king HaShem desires our fulfilling Torah & Mitzvos; the whole world then becomes a Korban and a Dwelling Place Below If seem overwhelmed in matters of Kedusha, remember one’s good qualities like Adam HaRishon; when involved in material matters, one should remember Moshe that one’s talents are gifts from Above Good intentions are part of the essential nature of a Jew which is the result of HaShem’s love to the Jews Whether a person offers a large or small sacrifice, if one’s heart is to Heaven, then no distinction: From the perspective of HaShem, the recipient, similarly from the perspective of the service of the one offering the sacrifice Large alef by Adam HaRishon, signifies that he recognized his high level of service, the way of a Tzadik Little alef by Moshe, indicates his level of service by humility Necessary to recognize one’s good qualities, and recognize their source leads to humility Parsha starts with an individual’s voluntary sacrifice ( ,)קרבן נדבהto indicate that one’s good intentions are the basis of all offerings (even the obligatory/communal sacrifices)
*נפש כי תחטא ה, כד *לאשר הוא לו
'סיום מס מנחות
similar to the animals’ blood sprinkling קרבן עציםThe Wood Offering. כב severity of unintentional sin the seriousness of an unintentional sin A child that is completely Three periods in the Jewish people (prior to the pure. touches (reveals) the Avos. א continues into adulthood. and after Matan Torah) love of G-d to the Jewish corresponds to the 3 periods in every person’s people. Chinuch. then that ה middos) to be aware of the generation is lead to a heightened awareness of ד. טו ג יז יז קרבן מנחה ב. can be is found in the pre-Avos period. phrase or action *ונמצה דמו א. what is it’s nature? רמב"םnot the wood itself. primarily when one strays. א ד רבנןRabbanan רביRebbi Reflects generally on the subject Reflects literally the derivation into but not to all the details all the details קרבן עצים An offering that is connected with the The offering is the wood used for the Wood sacrifice wood (used for the fire) fire קריאת שמעShema ( בכל לשוןin any language) ( ככתבהonly in Hebrew) סוכה Room to hold the head & majority of Requires 4 X 4 amos to actually dwell Sukkah the body. that G-d and the Jew transcending Torah.One comes to atone for sins. the Avos. like an actual dwelling in the Sukkah גיטין – על מנת Does not focus on action but on the Giving of the Get indicates intent that Conditional Get fulfillment of the condition the Get takes effect immediately מעילהMe’ilah )באזהרה )בו ולא במעילה )במיתה )מלמד בכל הפרטים ()גזירה שוה מתרומה not like Terumah in all the details Like Terumah in all the details כלי שרת עשאן של עץ )מכשיר )ריבה הכל חוץ מחפץ אחד )פסול )כעין הפרטSimilar to Menorah in all Holy vessel of wood Like the Menorah as long as not pottery the details (including being metal) שמיה אוהל לאו אוהל הנכנס בשידה תיבה ומגדל Needs to be similar in general to be Needs to be like an Ohel in all the Being inside a container an Ohel to be a separation details (not movable) The leader of the body (the head) When a leader takes it to heart to bring rules over the heart (place of atonement for his unintentional sin. comes about through the action of the one’s Yetzer HaRa Cohen. but the עולת נדבהoffered for the sake of the wood ריטב"אthe wood itself is the offering with no accompaniment רש"יindicates a voluntary offering. the preactivated by a Korban chinuch children learn the Korbanos of VaYikra *אשר נשיא יחטא ויקרא יז כב . post Bar-Mitzvah) א understanding. thus. beyond life (pre-Chinuch. one The squeezing of the blood of the bird onto the needs to actively squeeze Altar. but does not specify which type. since part of the wood is the offering and part goes to the pyre Derivation of a word. that love The core of the sacrifice reveals the love between א.
א ב כב רמב"ם א כז רמב"ם *את פני ד.) one. is not fulfill a vow but to draw oneself closer to one’s korbanos are big G-d better accomplished by a free-will offering When one is totally broken. but G-d knows the reason חוקים לרש"יdo since G-d commanded.avodah level of male – strength – ability Revealed Torah – Body to nullify one’s self. brings greater joy than perfecting one’s own performance קרבן מנחה ב. then Bringing from the best of items for Korbanos is a one can be totally devoted to function of the Korban.Every sacrifice is about offering of oneself. G-d always views the Jewish people possible lacking in another with affection. and also of the person HaShem to bring the best of one self as an offering Verse 17 Rashi highlights the tremendous The closeness between G-d and distance between the Jews & G-d due to the Jewish people. a great Simcha If one pledges to bring a large animal but brings A Mitzvah is connected to a small animal. while are still close to G-d even in the darkest one should not to highlight a moments. which is a total offering and thus. Resolve for the future & remorse over the past able to fulfill the next day Sin offering is for the past. Olah for the future Asham .avodah level of female – thoughtfulness Not two parts. one did fulfill one’s vow Concept of Korbanos is to offer Korbanos requires one to complete the substance one’s entire self. even though and not necessarily the details. exemplifies communal sin the level of love a Jew must Verse 19 Rashi suggests that the Jewish people have for another Jew. no benefit to us. If one pledges a small animal. but in essence – connected to G-d – softness שוגג they complement each other Possibly think they can be mixed together. we get use to G-d as the Boss קרבנות לרש"יG-d’s will is done. yet they remain distinct Helping another come closer to Torah & Mitzvos. כח רמב"ם לבג . since the object one might be small in avodah. but not other Mitzvos משפטים one’s intention in doing these Mitzvos are for the inherent benefit חוקים לרמב"םwe don’t know reason. emphasis on the accomplishment שאמרתי נעשה Process of atonement for a specific transgression If one misses a mitzvah one day. since they are bound together Korbanos only bring this expression “ ריח ניחוחto G-d”. יז ב כז ג כז *ריח ניחוח א. this is found by the wood that is entirely consumed by each sacrifice. yet brings a large object. etc. one does not fulfill one’s vow particulars (part of the body. ט לבא לבב על חטאתו ד.hardness מזיד Hidden Torah – Neshamah Chattas .
During the time of spiritual awareness (daytime) one knows G-d in spiritual & material activities and should act with alacrity. What happened? ANSWER: Actually two levels of the revelation of the Shechinah exist in this world. ( 18 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך כב. The full realization of the “complete” spirituality for oneself (constant fire of the Menorah) after the making a constant fire to those outside. Taking the ashes occurs outside (the presence of the Master) and it would not be dignified to wear the same clothes. (50 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך יז. Nevertheless. What is the lesson? ANSWER: The Menorah is one’s inner service of Torah and spirituality. עמ . (20 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך יב. (948 'עמ . but this is limited and is. The outer Altar is reaching out to others to bring them close to Judaism. Chaza”l derive that the fire from the Menorah is brought from the constant fire upon the Mizbeach. The second level is where HaShem reveals the Shechinah without limitations. Why did the Cohen change his clothes when he was just going to shovel the ashes into the pile? If the removal of the pile of ashes was not a worthy act as the other avodos. also performs the menial task of its removal outside the holy area. a savage lion). he changed his clothes and then takes the ashes out of the holy area. yet Chazal said the Shechinah did not come until the eighth day. but also should serve HaShem with dedication in those physical chores that are needed (1 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך לז. This level existed in the first seven days ( גבורהor per the Zohar. עמ QUESTION: The word תמידis said by both the Mizbeach and by the Menorah. a crouching lion). like the fire that arrived from heaven on the eight day ( חסדor per the Zohar. as if.BEN CHAMESH L’MIKRA Understanding the Parsha according to the Rebbe ממ”ש Parsha Tzav QUESTION: What is the symbolism of the law regarding the fats of the korbanos that optimally they are placed on the Altar to burn during the daytime. Moshe offered all the sacrifices. in a state of not being revealed. One understands the need for thanksgiving when one actually experienced the event(s). yet can be placed on the Altar at night? ANSWER: Fat is an analogy to the concept of satisfaction. עמ QUESTION: Why does Rashi list the four events requiring Thanksgiving in a different order than other sources? ANSWER: Rashi lists the four events following the sequence that occurred to the Jews of the generation of the Exodus from Egypt. This teaches that we serve HaShem not just in holy pursuits. then let another Cohen (even a baal mum) do this act? ANSWER: Shoveling the ashes into a pile is done in the Holy area (in front of the Master). One level is achieved as a response to the avodah of humans. in the time of spiritual struggle (nighttime) one must break one’s nature and not come to forbidden matters and avoid indulging in physical matters. the same Cohen who performs the lofty service of piling the ashes.ג כרך שיחות )לקוטי QUESTION: During the seven inaugural days of the Mishkan. עמ QUESTION: After the Cohen performed the service of piling the ashes into a pile next to the Altar.
the inner is lit from the outer Appearance of a lion on the altar – A savage lion or a crouching lion (gevurah or chesed) The High Priest’s offering combines communal & personal Nosar is a function of the sacrifice being unfit for consumption at that point (and not of time) Concept of “to distance people from sin” in regards to Nosar Moshe was like the Cohen Gadol All service is important פסוק אש תמיד צו זה קרבן אהרן ובניו על תודה יקריבנו *זאת תורת החטאת *אש תמיד זהר כליל תקטר *וכלי חרש *עד בקר *ויקטר המזבחה *ופשט את בגדיו חלק א ג זא זב יב א ב א ב יז יז כב כב כז א ב כז לב לז . two ways to deal with darkness Explanation of Rashi’s order of events requiring a Thanksgiving offering Quantity leads to quality The Path of the Flame.OVERVIEW לקוטי שיחות Parsha Tzav CONTENT HIGHLIGHT Don’t remain without fire (passion) Give satisfaction to G-d Mitzvah which addresses the soul’s inner core Two types of Korbanos.
that always chooses good. constant ecstasy in longing for HaShem Time of spiritual awareness (daytime) one knows G-d in the spiritual & material. יב יב Who is obligated in a Korban Todah? One saved from the following: Imprisonment Crossing the Sea Suffering and Sickness Crossing the desert 3rd-closed within the desert 1st-Yam Suf Only occurred to the Jews later 2nd-Midbar חבוש יורדי הים יסורים מדבר ח י י ם . an external. even when occurs in holy matters The term Tzav “command” (in contrast to “say” or to “speak”) addresses the soul’s inner core (tzavsa v'chibur. his “fire” (connection with HaShem) shall not be extinguished Fats should be burnt on the altar as soon as possible during the daytime (positive fulfillment). "cleaving and attachment"). even Rashi lists four events requiring a Thanksgiving seemingly having all one’s offering. but if necessary can be burnt even at night. because they didn’t of light flowing from sin. a difficult Mitzvah that involves the most material items. need to need for thanks more when one actually cry out for Moshiach experienced the event) see table below Order according to Rashi אש תמיד ו. the light breaks through the darkness darkness (“on that night”) A Chatos during the 7 inaugural days of the Mishkan cleansing the Jew’s sin of the Eigel transforming darkness into light (Teshuvah) A person in Galus. which is simply commanded to obey G-d’s Will with alacrity Two types of Korbanos brought by the Cohanim: A special one the Cohanim brought at the Purim reflects same concept initiation of their service. during spiritual struggle (nighttime) one must break one’s nature and not indulge in physical matters Tzedakah.ABSTRACT לקוטי שיחות Parsha Tzav The outer Altar signifies the outer heart of a person. and even when a person is in a state of impurity. yet is rooted in the highest level of the soul ( )זContinuous fire on the outer altar includes Shabbos. as long as one avoids Nosar (prevention of sin) Fat is an analogy for satisfaction. ו א ג צו ו. יב זב *על תודה יקריבנו ז. feels imprisoned by occurred to that generation (one understands the the “darkness” and. א זא זה קרבן אהרן ובניו ו. Rashi’s order follows the events that needs.
טו א כב ב כב כז *וכלי חרש ו. ד .This Parsha provides supplemental quality to the A person’s service must previous one in certain laws ()עולה מנחה וחטאת increase in quantity (physical) as well as in and in other laws provides totally new quantity quality (spiritual) concepts ()אשם ותודה Two types of service: תמידby the menorah means consistently and 24/7 Inner (for one’s self) This verse implies the menorah (inner) is lit from Outer (reaching out to others) the outer altar (where the fire always burns) Appearance of a lion on the altar – 2 types A savage lion – incremental influence of below. a person’s Three-finger fistful (communal) service refreshes each day The remainder is burnt (personal. still requires formal attire *זאת תורת החטאת ו. unclean task) which is in the the holy tasks Master’s presence. the shoveling (a physical chores. טו ב כז *ויקטר המזבחה ח. clothes to take the ashes out. and not a through immersion in separate function of priesthood Torah After shoveling the ashes into a pile next to the One must be dedicated to Altar. example. not incremental – חסד Similar difference to that of the 7 days of מלואיםand the eighth day The High Priest’s offering combines elements Every day is the day of both of Tzibur and of individuals anointing. the Cohen (preferably) changes his serve HaShem in simple. כא א *עד בקר ז. ו ב יז זהר כליל תקטר ו. They are called חכמיםsince they have wisdom to discern people’s nature Every Jew. the ceramic vessel that absorbs and that portion of the food is no longer eligible to be eaten Nosar limitation to midnight is different from other enactments of the Sages. כח לב לז *ופשט את בגדיו ו. through the Moshe aspect in each of The Priesthood of Moshe was a portion of his us. should serve G-d mission to receive and transmit Torah. like the other individual priests) Nosar occurs at the point that the sacrifice becomes unfit for consumption even if the time period for eating hasn’t lapsed. since this decree can be seen from the verse as well. subject to limitations – גבורה A crouching lion – Divine influence. יח א יז *אש תמיד ו. as well as preparatory.
Aaron blessed the people (according to Chaza”l) with the words on the Birkas haCohanim.As Rashi says in Bemidbar. and everyone is considered tahor. then the “simanim” provide direction. a bird that draws fish out of the sea. Hooves separate from the coarse world. a bear and a cat. a dog. and determines which one lives and which one dies. Why the difference on the Reigel? ANSWER: When all the Jews are gathered in one place. Rashi states. עמ QUESTION: Am HaAretz are not trusted on “light” types of tumah and all year are considered in a state of tumah. עמ QUESTION: As an example of non-hoofed animals that can not be eaten. עמ . thus. (54 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך ז. (20 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך לז. to fulfill our purpose. We need to contemplate the true nature of the world that Divine Providence is occurring in all aspects of life.BEN CHAMESH L’MIKRA Understanding the Parsha according to the Rebbe ממ”ש Parsha Shemini QUESTION: What is the spiritual significance of the signs of a Kosher animals? ANSWER: The animal soul should be directed to holy matters. and the individual’s state is not considered. How does Chaza”l understand this as explaining the concept of Divine Providence? ANSWER: Cormorant looks down from above. The second siman is chewing the cud. The three types of materialism are represented by these three types of hoofless animals. However. the individuals become nullified to the congregation. עמ QUESTION: After offering the Korbanos on the eighth day. unseen by the fish. unaware of its filth.The Jewish people should find favor in His eyes ”May G-d lift His face to you” . First siman is split hooves. This means that one needs to review each activity to clarify if and how to be done to serve the purpose. What was Aaron’s intent? ANSWER: Aaron sought to assurance of atonement for the Jewish people for the act of the golden calf “May G-d bless you” – only G-d Himself can give the blessing of atonement “May G-d shine His face upon you” . we need to deal with the world to rectify it. Physical materialism (the bear) follows totally its instincts without any restraint (#39 )רשימות QUESTION: Listed among the non-Kosher birds is the Cormorant. (222 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך א. “He should calm His Anger” (39 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך כב. kosher animals have a split in the hooves. during the Regel. This is symbolized by chewing the cud. Intellectual materialism (the cat) does not recognize its master (HaShem) and has only materialistic thoughts even if its heart is in good. This is the power of unity that reveals the true connection between Jews. Emotional materialism (the dog) recognizes its master but fails to make defenses against the world. nature covers over the true aspect of the world. For us that exist under the waters of our daily worries of life. one must “chew” everything over. they are treated as tahor. In one’s service with one’s “animal”. and a congregation can not be tameh. However. What do we learn from these examples? ANSWER: To lead proper spiritual lives we need a (non-complete) barrier between ourselves and the earth (materialism). When our Yetzer puts on a guise of “holiness” and attempts to mislead us.
would bring holiness to their soul Power of the צבורunity Pouring of cold liquid into hot is considered connection due to the steam (and not by pouring). finishing the process of atonement for the golden calf Bais Shammai follows potential.OVERVIEW לקוטי שיחות Parsha Shemini CONTENT HIGHLIGHT Kabalas Ol the foundation to all The eighth day has unique holiness Fish teaches a main idea of Divine Providence Do not take lightly to distinguish between good & bad פסוק ביום השמיני *השלך *בין טמא ובין טהור *ותצא אש ביום השמיני השמיני *שאו את אחיכם וייטב בעיניו *כל הולך על גחון *וירד מעשות סיום מס' עוקצין וירא אליכם כבוד 'ה הייטב בעיניו *וימצאו ובנבלתם לא תגעו והתקדשתם והייתם קדושים רמב"ם ותצא אשseems to be a very positive action by the deaths of the sons of Aharon Seven days of inauguration vs. elected to bless the people. Tzadik’s reward of Shalom Force oneself and that can lead to sensitivity Moshe & Aharon each used logic Susceptibility to tumah in the service of HaShem Torah emphasizes the blood of the offering as prepared and ready for sprinkling directly after action by the Cohanim Jews sanctify the world All that are careful in the words of the Rabbis regarding items forbidden due to the principal of “one should not defile oneself”. lower effects the higher חלק א ג זא זב יבא יבב יזא יזב יזג יזד א ב כב כב כז א ב כז כזג לבא לבב לבג לזא לזב . Bais Hillel the result. the eighth day How to connect the natural world (7days) with the world beyond this world (8th day) Removal of items of disrespect is an avodah itself Two Brothers – Two Worlds A snake falls on it’s belly symbolizing all lusts Aharon at the end of the Avodah.
פרשת צו Eighth day of inauguration .e. מז *ותצא אש י. but split to items are to prevent assimilating the bad allow illumination characteristics of the forbidden food Chewing the Cud – review each )שמיני למלואים )יpermanent connection activity to clarify if and how be prevails at all levels done (Birurim) “chewing over” Aharon’s 2 sons – even at high levels One needs Kabalas Ol even at a need to protect against soul’s expiration high level.ABSTRACT לקוטי שיחות Parsha Shemini ()אEverything that one eats is transformed Assess if animal soul is pure into flesh &. are within the of the sea.even at lowest level even to the lowest level connected to G-d.חודש . without (Kingship of Dovid) restrictions. was in fact an act of service G-d also through lowly tasks of removal of items of disrespect to the which can involve removing Sanctuary itself. א א יז *שאו את אחיכם י. and this was done by negatives Levites to emphasize this point א ביום השמיני ט. prohibited Hoof – concealment. a form of Kabalas Ol Even levels totally removed from The eighth day has unique holiness. blood. looking down from on high & Divine Providence determines the destiny of a fish in the sea When a Jew is on the level of Differences between Tahor (Kosher) and “Shemini”. since they were on a and to be in a state of bitul-אלקות high level. which resides out of with revealed G-dliness (8th day this world.איכות . but they lacked complete bitul Seven days of inauguration .תשובה .פרה . a Jew is able to combine two opposites: verses earlier & also about the deaths of to learn with understanding-. and is dependent upon service in this world the Divine service of the 7 preceding days Baal Shem Tov states that all. which is above Tamei (non-Kosher) animals can be as Hishtalshlus.צדיקים . yet it our world are dependent on our only comes after. even The Cormorant is a bird that draws fish out the fish in the sea. without it one can fall Not to eat bugs . David served with joy. dance & clap in ()יאShaul’s avodah was based on rational anticipation of Moshiach criteria. transcending intellect Even on Shabbos. ב יבא יבב ביום השמיני ט. ד ב יז .עולם the sons of Aharon. thus. when in exists not to transgress even a doubt between shechting between a half thread of a hair and between a majority of the windpipe) ותצא אשa positive action from a few As “ ”בן ביתto G-d.פרשת שמיני 7 days (natural world )עולםin a separate In Galus we have ability by parsha (Tzav) indicates the initial lack of rectifying this world to bring ability to connect this concealed world (7) Moshiach.כמות . א השמיני ט. into this world Moshiach) but 613 bridges of connection provide the link between the two concepts Act of removal of the bodies (getting one’s One needs to be willing to serve hands dirty). then a true will small as a thread of hair (i. א ג זא זב *השלך יא. יז *בין טמא ובין טהור יא.
Bais then the halacha follows Bais Hillel the result. but infers other contact on physical (earthly) shkutzim that are only slightly similar to matters. applying oneself one cannot tarry more than the time to in of the contemplation of the prostrate one’s self (if one stops in the Greatness of G-d leading to the Mikdash. seeking to lead to all a snake. the law will Shalom follow Bais Shammai Prostration is a concept of If one become tamei in the Mikdash.worldview saw no change from one-time occurrence to regular Kindness is Aharon . elected to ability to bring light to the bless the people to finish the process of darkness of Galus even when bringing atonement. with the priestly ט. then complete bitul. ו sensitivity of G-d’s presence enough to wish to prostrate) The “call of our times” of Moshe & Aharon each used logic (& not preparing for Moshiach needs that Moshe forgot) in the discussion if the to be done with complete one-time offerings were eaten by the י. in the future. each needing to receive according to their own level Snake is the evil impulse.Two Brothers – Two Worlds Truth is Moshe . initial “All” is not its usual sense. which makes noise when it יא. necessary to be sensitive ט. יט devotion beyond reason Cohanim in mourning or to be burnt We live in a physical world with different levels & must acknowledge that other people accept different levels of sanctity for themselves וייטב בעיניו ג יז יז *כל הולך על גחון ד *וירד מעשות א כב 'סיום מס עוקצין ב כב כז וירא אליכם 'כבוד ה א הייטב בעיניו ב כז . Bais Shammai follows potential. Tzadik’s reward of Hillel. מב lusts (head falling to the belly) moves and falls on it’s belly The Priestly Blessings have the Aharon at the end of the Avodah.saw recipients as י. כב done outside of Eretz Yisrael blessing format (mitzvah not yet given) “May G-d bless you” G-d Himself will give the blessing of atonement “May G-d shine His face upon you” The Jewish people should find favor in His eyes “May G-d lift His face to you” G-d should forgive the people for making the golden calf In this time where people feel themselves to be an existence. כ distinct.
Effort from below Pouring of cold liquid into hot liquid is 2.עולי רגלthen individual Jews come together and become a צבור and no one is טומאת עם הארץ ג כז *וימצאו ט. then is done “Lishmah” Level of יחידהis equal by each Jewish soul. this draws down in Galus. outside of Israel. מד לבג לזא והייתם קדושים יא. & when the Bais HaMikdash is not standing A Jew’s physicality can reveal holiness Being careful in the words of the Rabbis regarding items forbidden due to the principal of “one should not defile oneself”. the essential aspect on one’s soul Torah emphasizes the blood of the offering. Needs of a “man” (Neshamah) is Torah & Mitzvos Liquid indicates Torah & Mitzvos done with vitality (not dry) How can one protect against these vulnerabilities to tumah? Constantly connected to one’s “root”. must reject solely since the Sages forbid. and equally considered by HaShem Bonding from below to above: 1. מד רמב"ם לזב . holiness outside the regular limitations Even something that a person by one’s nature would avoid. Reveals that only by help of the considered connection between the two Above is it possible due to the steam (and not by pouring).The external man (Torah & Mitzvos) and the internal man (essential Jewish point) joins by the action of combining the external (Niglah) of Torah together with the internal (Chassidus) Yom Tov is a regular day declared Holy by the Jews. brings holiness to one’s soul When Jews are . 3. directly after action by the Cohanim For the three Regalim special care is taken not to touch tamei items. ח והתקדשתם יא. includes Chol HaMoed. as prepared and ready for sprinkling. יב לבא לבב ובנבלתם לא תגעו יא. This connection is the true lower effects the higher Desire of Creation Food has 3 pre-conditions to become tameh Fit for human consumption Previous contact with liquid Detached from its source Spiritual impurity only exists in relationship to holiness.
(77 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך לב. And when we bring forth this desire by doing good deeds and mitzvos. the same concept exists with the Geualah. Why are the Jews referred to as a woman? ANSWER: The word אישהexpresses the concept of connection and desire to the man (HaShem). This desire is part of our soul. (236 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך א. like the spiritual disease of Tzara’as. When the entire world seems to be involved with suffering and injustice (diseased) then this is a sign that the Geulah is near since it is not dependent on the order of the world. This teaches an important lesson in Ahavas Yisrael. Thus. עמ . What is the lesson for us? ANSWER: The main reason for Tzra’as is punishment for Lashon HaRa. Teshuvah involves two parts: first. a person must repent with complete atonement to remove the defect created by the sin. one must examine oneself to be sure that it is done out of love (88 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך כז. A Cohen is a person based on Chesed. we “sow” the environment to be able to give “birth” to the final redemption. a person adds in purity to achieve favored status again with HaShem (92 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך ז. if the entire body is covered with Tzara’as. However. What is the logic? ANSWER: When a part of the body has the “disease” then obviously one is sick. עמ QUESTION: Why does this law require a Cohen to pronounce the status of a Metzorah? ANSWER: A Metzorah is a very stringent form of tumah. if the entire body is covered with this appearance.BEN CHAMESH L’MIKRA Understanding the Parsha according to the Rebbe ממ”ש Parsha Tazria QUESTION: Or HaChaim explains the first verse as follows: אישהthis is the Jewish people תזריע this is the service of the Jews doing good deeds and mitzvos וילדה זכרresulting in the “birth” of the redemption. fit with the contents of the Parsha that discuss matters of tumah? ANSWER: Purpose of all punishments (distancing from HaShem). but this is the natural state of this body. then the body is not sick. However. then one is tahor. is to cause a seeding תזריעand a new birth within a person for the good of life. עמ QUESTION: First one cleans the garment (using soap and water) and then Rashi explains a second cleaning refers to immersion in a Mikvah. then one becomes Tameh. Even when a fellow Jew needs to be chastised. second. עמ QUESTION: How does the name of the Parsha which implies seeding for new items. (70 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך כב. עמ QUESTION: When a significant part of the body has Tzara’as. requiring one to be sent out of all three camps and to live alone.
even those that sin פסוק אשה כי תזריע אשה כי תזריע *תשב *וכבס שנית אדם כי יהי' בעור בשרו אשה כי תזריע וביום סיום מס' קנים ישב אשה כי תזריע רמב"ם וטהרה וראהו הכהן וטמא אתו קרח הוא וכסתה הצרעת לכל מראה עיני הכהן אדם כי יהי' בעור וביום הראות חלק א ג זא זב זג יבא יב יזא יזב יזג יזד כבא כבב כבג כזא ב ב כז ג כז לבא לבב לזא לזב .OVERVIEW לקוטי שיחות Parsha Tazria CONTENT HIGHLIGHT Concept of male & female in avodah and in the future redemption – combining meditation with physical deeds Bris Milah reveals the holy connection and our inherent potential Contrast of Human existence. A Cohen who can not see Great is the love of a Jew Nega’im are an example of G-d’s love for all Jews. are days of tahor without limitation To be clean and to be tahor Disagreement in the higher worlds Different concepts in the matter if the man or woman provides seed first The night that shines like the day From going down one can reach to a greater height Mitzvah that protects Avodah below. which awakens miraculous ways to nullify natural influences Minhag that a pregnant woman does not act as a Kvater or as an Unterfirer Tzara’as is connected to Lashon HaRa. Value of our human efforts These 33 days of tahor blood. abuse of speech itself (more subtle yet far-reaching) Seeding and causing to grow a blessing A woman after birth is called tamai until she brings her sacrifices since until then she still lacks complete atonement Judgment with love A lesion in an area covered by hair Rashi as a result of Lashon HaRa Rambam says results from a denial of the basics of G-d Spreading of evil “outside” is an indicator of geulah Excluded from Tzara’as process: Areas of body not normally seen.
the more “yeshus” exists & then machmir when in doubt Different concepts in the matter if the man or woman provides seed first See table below אשה כי תזריע יב. נח 'אדם כי יהי בעור בשרו יג. a person adds in purity to achieve favor again with HaShem Tumah comes from yeshus Tahor comes from learning Torah Building a Dwelling Place below begins with our service ( )אTishrei is the elevation from below upwards. during these days the blood itself is tahor without limitation First cleaning is washing to remove the Tzara’as from the garment The second cleaning is immersion in the Mikveh to remove ritual impurity that spread to the rest of the garment Story regarding doubt of Nega’im. Nissan is the drawing down from Above transcending the world’s order. ב א ג אשה כי תזריע יב. ב זא זב זג *תשב יב. ב ב יב אשה – כנס"י אתעדל"ת לפני אתעדל"ע זכר – אהבה רבה פנימיות עושה העתידה לשבועות איש – הקב"ה אתעדל"ע בלי קדימה אתעדל"ת נקבה – אהבה זוטא חיצוניות נותן ממצרים מן הפסח מי מזריע תחילה עבודה מי יולדת אור תורה גאולה זמן ספה"ע . a person must repent to complete atonement. the farther from the source. through one’s own efforts in doing good.ABSTRACT לקוטי שיחות Parsha Tazria Future Redemption takes place after our avodah in this world. since possesses the potential to do bad. HaShem & the Upper Mesivta disagreed. second. but is limited in evoking only a finite response. ב יבא אשה כי תזריע יב. combining endurance and pnimiyus Spiritual pursuit combined with Mitzvos leads to revelation and G-d A Jew’s connection to HaShem transcends all bounds & is always whole The name of the Parsha expresses the concept of a person’s own efforts and its value Goal of our avodah in Galus is to turn blood (darkness) into tahor (light) First. and not subject to limitation (“ )טוIshah” is the level of the Jews’ meditation joined with action (sowing) A Milah delayed has the same effect as one in the proper time. one becomes the high point of creation These 33 days are days of tahor. ד *וכבס שנית יג. Milah exposes the pre-existing spiritual state and one’s inherent potential Prior to doing good deeds. a person is lower than the animals. Rabbah offered a third opinion which was accepted “Disagreement” refers to different levels of G-dliness.
concept of “Dilug”. just lack final atonement If one wishes to chastise Cohen (a person of Chesed) verbally declares a another. ו ב כב ג כב כז א וראהו הכהן וטמא אתו יג. she still lacks complete atonement וביום יב. one can make 7 or 8 (musical) sounds A Metzora makes vessels tamei in a another’s house.). to the other side of holiness (lacking limits) Pregnancy alludes to Galus. due to doubts and circumstances. with a death bird’s body.Each day we reenact leaving Mizraim (boundaries). alludes to the two participants of HaShem and the Jewish people (excluding all others) Tzara’as is not just a punishment for Lashon HaRa. is done out of love done out of love Mitzvos of the first Pesach. birth to Geulah 7 sounds – Avos & Imahos are treated as separate One sound unity of the Avos Shabbos lights provide a spiritual protection. a baby. since until then. pushing off Lashon HaRa Chodesh – Geulah above נס = ניסן Woman gives seed – avodah below. a woman brings 2 birds. Metzora leads to healing and born anew Reinforced by Medrash about Moshiach being a Metzora In Galus we are called tamai but are not really. etc. in order that that particular night of redemption should light up like the day (removing distinctions between day & night) After childbirth. until she brings her sacrifices. might bring 7 (or 8) Rabbi Yehoshua says just like a live bird uses one sound. if the owner does not order the Metzora out within the time it takes to light a candle Shalom Bayis comes as a result of Shabbas lights. the harsh judgment needed at oneself to be sure that it is that point for this person. do so with Simchah Damage is hidden and needs the Cohen (high source) through speech to rectify When heeded. these activities require one man and one woman (the unborn child would be an extra soul). even when done by young girls Service of Kabalos Ol and also of one’s inner powers are really the same In the time one wishes to connect to a new thing (a woman. turning the darkness (Metzora) into light. ג א יז 'סיום מס קנים ישב יג.תזריע מצורע *וטהרה יב. skipping from the side of limits. one must examine person a Metzora. ג ב כז . skipping levels. awakens miraculous ways to nullify natural influences Minhag that a pregnant woman does not act as a Kvatar or as a Unterfirer. including Milah. ב ד א כב רמב"ם . were done at night. but also a means to fix the problem which begins with declaration of Tzara’as Name of the Parsha connected with contents of Tzara’as Purpose of all punishments is to cause a seeding תזריעand a new birth within a person for good A woman after birth is called tamai. מו ב יז ג יז יז אשה כי תזריע יב.
love. יד לזב . by going above limitations Jew is on a low level Moshiach called “Metzora” since Geulah is the means to take us out of limitations A person in a low spiritual Nega’im are an example of G-d’s love for all state.Rashi – a lesion in an area covered by hair is Learning the laws of Metzora the same as other lesions. just another awaken one to be careful location (result of Lashon HaRa) and avoid these sins Rambam – on the head is a separate category.)דבר רשותor teaches about the merit Mitzvos that one does still of Mitzvah deeds done by any Jew ()דבר מצוה have a genuine worth קרח הוא יג. יב לבא לכל מראה עיני הכהן יג. overpowers anything holidays. ב לזא וביום הראות יג. even when that Gevurah. concerned about their Jewish identity. ב לבב 'אדם כי יהי בעור בשרו יג. Excluded from Tzara’as process: Person remains tahor and Areas of the body not normally seen Cohen needs spiritual A Cohen who can not see “eyes” to bring this out Source of Metzora is the Gevoros of Kedusha A Jew doing a Mitzvah from The Cohen (Chesed) can at times (chasan. מ ג כז וכסתה הצרעת יג. property removal) sweeten the negative. also need to Tahor situation. still has a strong Jews even those that sin. indicates that the inside mitzvos for non-Jews lacks room for it due to being filled with “good” Negaim is only “skin deep”. a result of denying the basics of G-d Prior to Moshiach all Jews to If the whole body is covered. & the property ( . spread the concept of the 7 “Bad” all on the outside. and thus is redeemed. this indicates that do Teshuvah and be this is the very nature of this body.
just the most external part of a person. The same is with the end times of our Galus. but they are only the final purification of the external. However. (91 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך לב. 2) says that the Metzora is brought הובאto the Cohen. they discovered the hidden treasures. In one aspect a Metzora represents a person on a high level who is making the final purification of their most external portion. since we have faith that just as by the plague on the houses clearly reveals the Hand of G-d. he must bring a rich person’s Korban? If he is offering the Korban in the place of the poor person. HaShem always brings opportunities for Teshuvah. so we believe regarding all pain and suffering. עמ QUESTION: Why does Rambam declare the law that if a rich person vows to bring a Korban on behalf of a poor person. we reveal the previously hidden rewards that result. since the rest is done. or even most of one’s body. the two (rich person that made the vow and the poor person that was obligated to bring the korbanos of Metzora) merge identities. What is that? ANSWER: The Jews destroyed the houses to remove the Tzar’as. This principal teaches that the Jewish people are one “body” and can feel each other’s problem as their own. the skin. children of believers. עמ QUESTION: The verse (VaYikra 14. (239 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך א.BEN CHAMESH L’MIKRA Understanding the Parsha according to the Rebbe ממ”ש Parsha Metzora QUESTION: Why does HaShem provide an open miracle regarding the Tzara’as on a house (finding the hidden treasure)? ANSWER: One might think that pain and suffering are a result of the natural order of life. We are called believers. He would reward the Jews with plagues on their houses. Moshiach feels the pain of our Galus and that is why is he called a Metzora. Rather. עמ' 87(094 )לקוטי שיחות כרך כב. What is the lesson? ANSWER: No matter where a Jew is found. עמ QUESTION: The name Metzora is connected to Moshiach in our Galus. What is the lesson for us? ANSWER: The pain and suffering of Metzora does not affect the internal person. the type of korban depends on the status of the maker of the vow. and then. implying even against his will. (100 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך ז. עמ QUESTION: HaShem tells the Jews that when they enter the Land. One’s essence remains the same. a person can be brought to the opportunity. then should offer the poor-person’s Korban? ANSWER: To achieve atonement. when it appears to be full of suffering and problems. one must believe that all pain and suffering have a purpose to keep us from sin and to provide a stimulus to Teshuvah. When the Jews fulfill their purpose and turn their talk from profane to matters of holiness. but the person has to do Teshuvah from one’s free will in order to make a complete Teshuvah. (101 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך כז. עמ . 'ספר השיחות תנש"א כרך ב.
impurity by contrast refers to evil which can not be appreciated but is a degree that can not be removed Even if afflicted with Tzara’as. nevertheless. a person will be “brought to the Cohen”. then. can repent and return to holiness In the matter of “only” the 11th day in the cycle for Zivus. Bais Shamai says still concerned since one goes after the potential Need specific teaching that the purification of the Metzora can not occur at night Standard definitions not according to the simple meaning A Jew’s essence is always remains pure Rashi learns that a Zav that sees two times is a different category than a Zav that sees three times One Jew can offer to achieve atonement for another Tzara’as of the houses displays the great goodness that is “locked up” Finding hidden treasures Every new level requires a new teshuvah פסוק חלק א ג והובא אל הכהן זא זב *'זאת תהי *תנוך *יגע בו *והזב אם דל הוא צרעת בבית *נגע צרעת יב א ב יז יז כב א ב כז כז לב לז .OVERVIEW לקוטי שיחות Parsha Metzora CONTENT HIGHLIGHT Jews always search for a miracle Niddah laws involve prohibition (evil appreciated by intellect and emotions). it is not possible to become Zavah Gedolah .
like a person. impurity by contrast refers to evil. rather than just an additional korban א ג והובא אל הכהן יד. the affirmation of tahor by the Cohen brings intellect back into the mind Earthly vessels. לג כב . still the potential of Mesiras Nefesh exists to make an effect Motzi Shem Ra (in words and in names) needs Torah (holy words and names) to achieve rectification Metzora (the removal of intellect) reflects death. one is brought to the Cohen to ensure the opportunity to do Teshuvah. and thus. has its roots in the earth. how it is to be done ביום טהרתוmust be exact. but verse teaches it does not (only “complete touching”. can not be removed very easily Even if someone is outside of holiness. since their philosophy is to follow after the potential All words are exact זאת can be clearly seen and decided 'תהי something as it actually is תורת exact in its details. special purpose exists just like the Negaim in the house (concealment is not a natural event) Niddah laws involve prohibition (evil appreciated by intellect and emotions). neither the vessel or the person has its “insides” affected by the outside (essence remains intact) Emunah of the Jews is an appreciation of transcendental Divinity. Bais Shamai is still concerned for that day. one needs to do teshuvah from one’s own free will When looking into the matter of the 11th day by itself in the cycle for Zivus. but Rashi states he does not known its meaning It does not change the halacha here And the other definitions do not fit the simple meaning of the verse Earthen vessels only has tumah occur on the inside. and not from the outer side. yet to permeate. it is not possible to become Zavah Gedolah. ב יב יז *תנוך יד. but does not sever the relationship The proximity of Moshiach can make from a Metzora. causes tumah even to the outside) Rashi learns that a Zav that sees two times is a different category from one that sees three times. which temporarily interrupts. יד א *יגע בו טו. faith allows one to see Divine Providence A Jew’s distance from G-d is likened to prohibition. by day and not by night The word תנוךis known (possibilities exist). a parsha of Torah When a person is in a state that their revealed powers cannot accomplish. which can not be grasped by human intellect. movement by a zav.ABSTRACT לקוטי שיחות Parsha Metzora Concealment of divinity allows for a person to err. might have thought that simple touching on the outside by a Zav does cause tumah. nevertheless. יג ב יז *והזב טו. ב זב זא *'זאת תהי יד.
this corresponds to the acute strengthening of the bad inclination when a person incites oneself to sin more The third discharge (after any type of two earlier ones) can be unintentional.)אמורי when the Jews left Egypt. To fulfill the vow – one acts in that person’s 2. Teaches Jewish people are place. לד א כז ב כז *נגע צרעת יד.1. G-d assists 1. but to turn one’s talk into since they hoped the Jews would sin. there are two elements: one’s means. this corresponds to the need for a new type of Teshuvah at each stage אם דל הוא יד. rich or poor depends on the status of their own the maker of the vow Tzara’as of the houses Tzara’as has a spiritual source that was reveals openly the unique misdirected. this corresponds to the effects of chronic strengthening of the bad inclination even without choosing to do so The law is different for each stage. and then (previously hidden) holy they would get their gold back talks One accidental discharge becomes a Zav. Tzara’as of the houses displays the purpose of “going down for great goodness that is “locked up” in the strong the sake of elevation” tumah of avodah zarah Intention of Tzara’as is not to Amorites knew their time for eviction had arrived negate the bad talk (. To achieve atonement – they merge identities each other’s problem as and then. this corresponds to strengthening the bad inclination even if not one’s fault Second discharge must be intentional to become a Zav Ketana. Teaches that if a person If a person vows to bring a sacrifice for another’s pledges to charity beyond tzara’as sufferer. they hid their gold. כא רמב"ם צרעת בבית יד. לד לב לז . then. rich or poor depends on the sufferer one “body” and can feel 2.
(f) Thus. she observes all the same laws of Shomeres Yom k'Neged Yom. A Zavah Gedolah must bring a Korban Zavah to permit her to enter the Beis ha'Mikdash or to eat Kodshim.DAYS OF NIDAH (according to the Torah) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 (a) Day one starts with the first sign of menses. She is prohibited to her husband & has the status of an Av Ha'Tumah. she can no longer become a Zivah in this period of time. Example of Nidah Nowadays 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 14 Mikvah (g) Nowadays. but her Tum'ah and Taharah are contingent upon whether or not she experiences bleeding afterwards on that day. She may even immerse on the morning immediately following the day on which she experienced bleeding. and requires 7 clean days prior to going to Mikvah. Example of Zavah Gedolah 8 9 10 11 1 2 3 4 (d) If a woman experiences bleeding for three consecutive days during her eleven days of Zivah. If she does not experience bleeding during the rest of the day. she may immerse in a Mikvah during the day to become Tehorah. because she must *watch* the following day to confirm whether or not she experiences bleeding. Nevertheless. starting the eleven days of Zivus. If she does not experience bleeding the following night and day. At the next sighting of blood the process starts over and she is a Nidah. she becomes a Zavah Ketanah and is Temei'ah. She can bleed the entire seven days. it is not possible to become Zavah Gedolah. are "days of Zivah. one offered as an Olah and one as a Chatas (Vayikra 15:25-30). DAYS OF ZIVUS (according to the Torah) 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 mikva h 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 1 (b) The eleven days. seven "clean days" that she experiences no other bleeding. in which she is prohibited to her husband and has the status of an Av HaTumah. 3 5 6 7 2 4 8 9 10 11 12 13 . Jewish women accepted upon themselves a double stringency: all menses blood in whatever time period are considered Nidah. she is Tehorah and no longer a Zavah. On the night of the eight day if she does not experience bleeding the woman goes to the Mikvah and becomes Tehorah. in the matter of “only” bleeding on the 11th day in the cycle for Zivus. On the morning of the seventh day she immerses in a Mikvah. she must count "Shiv'ah Neki'im”. Example of Bleeding on the Eleventh Day 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 1 th (e) After the 18 day. that follow the seven days of Nidah. In order for her to become Tehorah. She is called a Shomeres Yom k'Neged Yom. Seven days of Nidah ensue. The Korban is two Torim or two Benei Yonah." Example of Zavah Ketanah 8 9 10 11 Mikvah 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Shomeres Yom k'Neged Yom 4 1 2 3 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 (c) If a woman experiences bleeding during these days for one or two consecutive days. she becomes a Zavah Gedolah.
קטרתto bind (98 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך לב. His home refers to his wife and thus. their yearning was not balanced with a commitment to worldly service. The service of the “inner” Altar involves unifying with G-d through the fire of Ketores and its cloud – internal aspect of Avodah cleaving to G-d with emotions and intellect . and –בעלי עסקworries of the world tend to disconnect one from the purpose of life. -קרבןto draw close. עמ QUESTION: What is the difference between the service of the “outer” Altar and the “inner” Altar? ANSWER: The service of the “outer” Altar involves elevating the physical to G-d – external aspect of Avodah using garments . his “home”. also he needs to see the purpose and the role of all matters. Why must the Cohen Gadol first pray for his wife prior to praying for all the Jews? ANSWER: The Cohen Gadol is required to be in a state of being married on Yom Kippur. and needs set times to connect. עמ QUESTION: Two commands were given after the deaths of Aharon’s two sons: do not drink intoxicating liquids.) (85 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך יב. 2) to avert a tragic “disconnection” in Jewish heritage. All Jews have times like Rosh HaShana and Yom Kippur. we fulfill the Mitzvos as decrees of G-d even if they seemingly contradict human intellect. must be married. and do not enter the Holy of Holies at any time but the prescribed ones. when they feel the deep connection to G-d. (Ultimately. greater stress needed in the introduction to this section. and then the Jewish people.ג לקוטי שיחות כרך 987 ')עמ QUESTION: What does the language of אני ה' אלקיכםmean at the beginning of the section regarding the laws of forbidden relations (usually means faithful to provide reward and punishment when occurs after the end of a section)? ANSWER: Rashi’s interpretations of the verse: 1) the verse is an instruction in itself for decrees above intellect. tend to be disconnected from the earth. עמ . as he sees the purpose of marriage is for the “home” being built. (116 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך כז. one must remember our main purpose is to make an effect in this world. and then. עמ QUESTION: The Cohen Gadol prays for himself. At these times. What is the message of these commands to us? ANSWER: Speaking to two types of Jews: –יושבי אהלconnecting mainly to esoteric levels of learning (wine).BEN CHAMESH L’MIKRA Understanding the Parsha according to the Rebbe ממ”ש Parsha Acharei QUESTION: How did two holy people like Nadav and Avihu do an act that they became liable for death? ANSWER: Nadav & Avihu erred in that they yearned so much for G-d that their souls shed their bodies. (172 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך יז. he is able to bring a G-dly blessing for all Jews for the entire year. (.
but not with one’s full life force פסוק ושמרתם את משמרתי אחרי מות *אחרי מות *ויעש *אני ה"א וכיפר בעדו ובעד ביתו סיום מס' יומא סיום מס' יומא והתודה *כתונת בד *אני ה' אלקיכם ואל יבא רמב"ם וחי בהם בקרבתם רמב"ם וכסהו בעפר חלק א ג זא זב יב א יז יז יזג כבא ב ב כב כז א ב כז כזג לבא לבב לז . How? In the Mitzvah of Teshuvah kaparah is a goal but not pivotal Three versus four levels of kaparah Rashi’s views on the Cohen Gadol’s clothes on Yom Kippur – אניabove the world but connected through Mitzvos – decrees of the King .'הbrings into existence . while remaining in this world to complete His Will Praise of Aharon – wore special clothing for Yom Kippur not for his own greatness but due to a decree of the King All mitzvos are treated like decrees The Cohen Gadol sees the ultimate purpose Teshuvah from love not only uproots one’s sins but transforms them into Mitzvos.OVERVIEW לקוטי שיחות Parsha Acharei CONTENT HIGHLIGHT Double guarding – decrees fulfill G-d’s Will Do not forsake this world A Jew needs a strong desire to connect to G-d like Aharon & his sons.faithful to reward –אלקיםlevel of G-dliness in the creation – Judge that punishes Two commands connected to concept of entering the Holy place: Do not drink intoxicating liquids Do not enter the Holy of Holies at any time but the prescribed ones Every sin has two aspects – effect on the person & the existence of the sin By most Mitzvos one transgresses the Mitzvah to save a life. but saving a life is a fulfillment of Shabbos laws Not only did Nadav & Avihu not sin. but they brought into the Mishkan a level of kedusha that was needed for the Mishkan to be sanctified Cohen Gadol makes a Yom Tov in leaving the Kodesh in peace. personal thanksgiving for completion of successful representation of all Jews One needs to be engaged in the world.
HaShem helps role of all matters. his sons inherited to be out of this world and טז. also he needs to see the purpose and the worrisome. the source for the personal restrictions with precautionary measures instituted by the Rabbis regards to permissible (in additional to the Torah). their yearning was not balanced with טז. just the most טז. we fulfill the Instruction in itself for decrees above intellect Mitzvos as decrees of G-d To avert a tragic “disconnection” in Jewish even if they seemingly יח. one must G-d so much that their souls shed their harness it to the normal. as he sees the the time to regret all his purpose of marriage is for the “home” being aveiros. כא are kaparah of the soul (which includes after the body. ל א כב ב כב . bodies. לד Yom Kippur but was only noted by others at the 2nd Yom Kippur Rashi’s two interpretations of the verse: Ultimately.'הbrings into existence . greater stress needed in the introduction contradict human intellect to this section The Cohen Gadol is required to be in a state of Even if a Jew doesn’t have being married on Yom Kippur. ד garments” (not feeling Gold garments not worn there since has negative one’s own honor) and connotations dress in plain white linen The essence of G-d is –אניabove the world but connected through connected with the inner Mitzvos – decrees of the King aspects of the Jews . א this desire from their father still be in this world Praise of Aharon – wore special clothing for Yom Kippur. he is able to bring him do Teshuvah on all a G-dly blessing for all Jews for the entire year Difficulties are really an How does teshuvah out of love transform one’s opportunity for growth sins into Mitzvos? In the Mitzvah of Teshuvah Three levels of kaparah are a part of Teshuvah kaparah is a goal but not (only part of life) that result in a “cleansing” pivotal. by upholding all matters their decrees one fulfills the Will of HaShem יח. the main avodah of Four levels of kaparah (when viewed on its own) the neshama is done with טז. one must enter Yom Kippur: inside one’s soul. not for his own greatness but due to a decree of the King .faithful to reward . and then. א every-day life a commitment to worldly service Through connections to Aharon was “love-sick” for G-d and needed a Moshe one can both desire warning not to be tempted. by White garments associated with the location of removing one’s “golden the service – Holy of Holies אז.אלקיכםlevel of G-dliness in the creation – ושמרתם את משמרתי אחרי מות א ג זא זב *אחרי מות *ויעש *אני ה"א יב וכיפר בעדו ובעד ביתו סיום מס' יומא סיום מס' יומא והתודה א יז ב יז ג יז *כתונת בד *'אני ה אלקיכם יח. then even the death) upper neshama is elevated To bring another Jew close to Rashi’s views on the Cohen Gadol’s clothes on HaShem. ו built. ב heritage.ABSTRACT לקוטי שיחות Parsha Acharei Everyone needs to set A double guarding. ל Whenever one has a spiritual Nadav & Avihu erred in that they yearned for awakening. this action happened on the first טז.
where saving a life is a fulfillment of the Shabbos laws Not only did Nadav & Avihu not sin. which accomplished (and not as an obligation) more than the (prescribed) service of Moshe & Aharon ואל יבא טז. ב לבא Outer Altar Inner Altar elevating physical to G-d – external aspect of Avodah using garments . inner connection.קטרתto bind . the between the Jew and his Scapegoat eliminates the existence of the sin Creator without limits and This is the dispute of . ה ב כז ג כז בקרבתם טז.רבי ורבנןif the day of Yom boundaries Kippur itself atones By most Mitzvos one transgresses the Mitzvah to save a life. . as opposed to Shabbos. tend to be disconnected from the earth Do not drink intoxicating liquids –בעלי עסקworries of the Do not enter the Holy of Holies at any time but world tend to disconnect the prescribed ones one from the purpose of life Every sin has two aspects – effect on the person Day of Yom Kippur reveals & the existence of the sin itself the strong connection Day of Yom Kippur atones for the person. but they The revelation on Yom brought into the Mishkan such a level of Kippur of the level of kedusha which the Mishkan needed in order Yechidah should effect to be sanctified throughout the year to Their avodah involved a voluntary offering of fulfill Torah and Mitzvos ketores on the inner altar which expressed a on a level of inner desire deep.Judge that punishes Speaking to 2 types of Jews: –יושבי אהלconnecting mainly Two commands connected to concept of entering the Holy place (given after the to esoteric levels of deaths of Aharon’s two sons): learning (wine). -קרבןto draw close to unite with G-d through the fire of Ketores – internal aspect of Avodah cleaving to G-d with emotions and intellect . ב א כז רמב"ם וחי בהם יח.
prayers. one is not obligated to cover Blood of Korbanos are sprinkled on the Altar Levels of Involvement with the World Worldly matters that pose potential obstacles. one should apply one’s full life-force to one’s spiritual pursuits רמב"ם לבב וכסהו בעפר יז. one should seek to attach them to holiness Holy matters (Torah. and Mitzvos) one should give one’s entire life force . bringing joy for himself and for Klal Yisrael Mitzvah of covering the blood indicates one’s involvement in the world should not be done with one’s full life-force.Cohen Gadol (or any Jew) after completion of Yom Kippur (or any holy act) needs to go home to bring the holiness there to complete the purpose of Creation in this World One should attempt to cover and reduce one’s energies in mundane matters. a person needs to be careful in order not to stumble and go down from one’s level Worldly matters that could be used for holy purposes. one is obligated to cover Blood of (chullin) domesticated animals. but in holy matters the energy should be “uncovered” Cohen Gadol makes a Yom Tov with a mealat the end of Yom Kippur. however. in recognition of the successful conclusion of the day’s avodah. יג לז Levels of Blood Blood of Chayos & Birds.
A deeper appreciation of the love of another Jew results from understanding that Jews share a common source of our souls. even if not harming that person. (299 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך ב. and “keep the Shabbos”? ANSWER: G-d commands us to be holy in our “mundane” permissible activities. but becomes love (of another) as one’s self. the tree is permitted and the future fruit will be permitted. (141 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך כז. one’s love is not to a second person. עמ QUESTION: Placing a “stumbling block” before another is understood to not give advice that is detrimental to the recipient. “your father and mother you should fear”. In reality. עמ QUESTION: What is the method of fulfilling the Mitzvah of Ahavas Yisrael? ANSWER: The Baal Shem Tov uses the example of the simple Jew and their complete love to G-d. What is the cause of the issur of the fruit for the first years? ANSWER: Initially the fruit is nourished from k’lipah of tumah and the fruit is inherently bound with non-holiness. we also have to promote this holiness to a new generation. (134 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך ז. And we are able to complete this mission by keeping Shabbos. not subject to limitations. But just being holy ourselves is not adequate. Their love is not subject to reason. no kedusha) should have a greater level than the fruit of the fourth year of the tree (that has kedusha and can only be eaten in Yerushalayim)? ANSWER: The fruits of the fifth year embody a higher spiritual level than the fruit of the fourth year. (255 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך א. How much more so. Why is Rashi concerned with the motivation of the giver of the advice? ANSWER: If the recipient of the advice would not be harmed. And the Baal HaTanya uses the example of brothers that love each other just like themselves. עמ . The Torah thus instructs us not to offer selfish advice not intended to the benefit of the recipient. but also Kodesh. The verse refers to the fifth year with the word . all three are one concept for different times. (103 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך כב. which is done by “fearing” our parents. The Magid presents the example of loving a Rasha just as one loves a Tzadik. עמ QUESTION: In the issur of Orlah (fruit of the first three years of a tree). This allows the fourth year to not only be tahor. One loves those that G-d loves. helping a fellow Jew to do good. by being connected with G-d. should not involve self-interest.BEN CHAMESH L’MIKRA Understanding the Parsha according to the Rebbe ממ”ש Parsha Kedoshim QUESTION: What does the connection between the first three verses of this Parsha: “you are to be holy”. one might think it is possible to offer advice that is beneficial to the giver of the advice. since G-d desires the activities which are within this world. עמ QUESTION: How is it possible that the fruit of the fifth year of a tree (chulin.להוסיףthe extra letter לindicates a greater significance. After the first years threes. the fruit are nourished from k’lipas nogah. which enables us to appreciate distinctions and be holy in all our activities. The initial love of a fellow Jew flows from one’s love of G-d. Finally.
and a person is restricted from the fruit Both parts have an effect on the counting period The fifth year produces an “add on” as a reward and purpose of the first four years The verse prohibits giving “inappropriate advice” even if such advice doesn’t harm the other. then obligated two sin offerings “Acharei” indicates not to be satisfied with raising one’s level. higher level exists “Kedoshim” one can reach to holiness without limits Stealing is an action with continuing consequences until one repays. regarding the person . one concept of the uniqueness of the Jews The avodah of “sanctify yourself in permitted maters” effects the future redemption Ahavas Yisrael should be treated like a business opportunity When trees (or people) are connected to its source.the lack of age exempts an accomplishment or a punishment Two prohibitions in the first three years of the fruit. give G-d His livelihood Word אוteaches if one does both prohibited acts. similar to the actions of the Egyptians Unique explanation of how robbery is like murder One should save the life of another even to endanger oneself Concept of awe of the Mikdash contains many elements פסוק קדושים תהיו ערלה להוסיף *אוב או ידעוני קדושים תהיו 'סיום למס סנהדרין *ואהבת רמב"ם רמב"ם *שלש שנים *להוסיף *ולפני עור רמב"ם רמב"ם *לא תעמוד על דם רעך רמב"ם חלק א ג זא זב יב יזא ב יז יזג יז ד כבא כבב א ב כז כז לבא לבב לז . but is in one’s selfinterest Use of false measures is an attempt to “dress-up” the act of theft as an act of honesty. then cannot be nullified The fifth year is the ultimate in the life of the tree.OVERVIEW לקוטי שיחות Parsha Kedoshim CONTENT HIGHLIGHT Three mitzvahs. similar to idol worship Bad actions that continue to have bad effects Two sayings in Ahavas Yisrael: Rabbi Akiva & Hillel Lists laws of כלאיםbefore the laws of פאה Act of a Katan can be legitimate acts. since another. fruit itself is prohibited.
ABSTRACT לקוטי שיחות Parsha Kedoshim Our goal is for our mundane ( )אOne is to be holy in three related matters and physical matters to In permitted matters become infused with Not only for oneself. can not be nullified since they are connected This reflects the principle that a plant that is to their Source connected to its source cannot be nullified Only through praises to G-d The fruits of the fifth year embody a higher for a Jew’s physical needs spiritual level than the fruit of the fourth year. also for one’s children holiness Imbue into consciousness by Shabbos Avodah involving one’s observance concealed aspect renders ( )וThe avodah of “sanctify yourself in permitted one a vessel to absorb the matters” effects the future redemption “concealed” aspect of G-d ( )ידAhavas Yisrael is a comprehensive principle Engaged with Ahavas of Torah. ב ואהבת יט. then קדושיםconcept of plural. כה 5th year נטע רבעי 4 year th ערלה First 3 years Prohibited Permitted completely Permitted only in Yerushaliyim להוסיף כתר קודש אצילות אסור עשיה יצירה בריאה *אוב או ידעוני כ. יח א ערלה יט. כז ג זא להוסיף יט. the obligated to provide two sin offerings language of wisdom “Acharei” indicates not to be satisfied with Someone who is on a high raising one’s level. can’t be “Kedoshim” one can reach to holiness without discouraged limits Stealing has continuing consequences until one Doing good deeds also bring repays. since one does not extent that it becomes mandatory know how high a Yid is Detached Orlah can be nullified with another Jews. are not nullified lost among other trees. similar to idol worship continuing (good) effects Bad actions that continue to have bad effects יב יזא 'סיום מס סנהדרין . since another.)יושב תהלות ישראלthen we since G-d desires the activities which are within draw down Atzmus into this world (extra letter )ל See table below this world ()ואתה קודש קדושים יט. ב זב This din concludes the Parsha Word “ “אוteaches if one does both things. כז קדושים יט. if exists on a low level. higher level level can’t be satisfied. fundamental to Chassidus to the Yisrael. smallest among the element 200 times as much. ( . but an Orlah tree nations.
Fruit itself פריוis prohibited ()איסור חפצא life force is subject to 2. within Toras Emes Torah Hillel . כג ג יז יז ד כבא Three Sets of Time Periods for ערלה ונטע רבעי Rosh HaShana for Orlah – 1st of Tishrei Rosh HaShana for Trees – 15th of Shvat If planted at least 44 days in advance of 1st of Tishrei.Two sayings in regard to Ahavas Yisrael אמר רבי עקיבא זה כלל גדול בתורה Yisrael’s roots are higher הלל . יח ב יז רמב"ם רמב"ם *שלש שנים יט. legitimate & important however. כלאיםChanging the natural laws but is part of it פאהPart of the laws of charity The act of Chinuch is a The act of a Katan can be a legitimate act. regarding the underage person the action and incumbent on lack of age exempts an accomplishment or a every Jew punishment Two prohibitions involved regarding fruit in the The item itself is always in a first three years of tree prohibited state. considered a whole year (example year 5770) Year 1 ends Year 2 ends Year 3 ends Fourth Year ends If planted from Same day next Same day next Same day next Same day next ר"ח תשריtill year (5771) year (5772) year (5773) year (5774) י"ד בשבט If planted from Last day of Elul Last day of 15th of Shvat 15th of Shvat ט"ו בשבטtill (5770) Elul (5771) (5773) (5774) ט"ו באב If planted from Last day of Elul Last day of Last day of Last day of Elul ט"ז באבtill (5771) Elul (5772) Elul (5773) (5774) כ”ט באלול . yet. Actions of a person לכםestablishes the change framework for the counting of the three years ( )איסור גבראsee table below *ואהבת יט.Chesed Giving charity doesn’t Lists laws of כלאיםbefore laws of פאה change the natural order. the soul in Rabbi Akiva – relates to the soul as found now in the body is connected to the body.soul in its source higher from the limitations of the Torah . but the 1.זוהי כל התורה כולה than Torah.
if a stolen object is not extant. but is only in one’s self-interest Soul deals with the body in Use of false weighs and measures is an attempt to terms of measurements. then decree done for personal gain. since act of robbery deprives the victim of some inherent Helping another Jew on the rights of life path to return should not be Thus. but is to not accept monetary compensation when should be done even if the robber wishes to do Teshuvah. a Going in and coming out of the Temple feeling that is actualized in Mount (deed) deeds Walking in the azarah (deed plus feeling) Applies also after destruction *להוסיף יט. כה כבב א ב *ולפני עור יט. prevents doubt of Amalek similar to the actions of the Egyptians Act of robbery is compared to murder.Service of transforming the The fifth year produces an “add on” as a reward animal soul comes with and the purpose of the first four years pain and effort A Jew is obligated to do good The verse prohibits giving “inappropriate advice” to a fellow Jew without even if such advice doesn’t harm the other selfish motive person. “dress-up” the act of theft as an act of honesty. monetary involves loss compensation not sufficient to make the victim complete for loss of object If one is aware of a situation One is obligated to endanger one’s own life in the to save another act of saving the life of another. then it is a conditional on a certainness exists that the sign that one is capable of other’s life can be saved succeeding Concept of awe of the Mikdash contains many elements reflected in deed: Main point of awe is bitul. טז לבא לבב רמב"ם לז . this is (spiritually). יד כז רמב"ם כז רמב"ם *לא תעמוד על דם רעך יט.
the month of Iyar? ANSWER: Parshas Emor signifies education of a child beyond the letter of the law. What general rules do we learn for chinuch? ANSWER: 1) Involving matters that appear to be totally foreign (like bugs) one still needs to instruct a child to go in the proper way. always judge another in a positive manner and mention another’s merits Speaking good about every Jew reveals the hidden good in each Jew. ('לקוטי שיחות כרך יז. eating blood. labor in “earthly” matters is required. Six days is one period during which “work” is obligatory. להזהירto enlighten and be extremely careful. even the motive of changing one’s natural attributes. since done without the owner choosing who is the recipient. Shabbos and the Festivals are for the soul to shine. should not be done. that should be done. עמ QUESTION: What is the connection between Parshas Emor and the time of year that this Parsha is read. עמ 242) QUESTION: Why does the laws of Peah. which many people do eat) to strengthen those habits. why does the Torah mention six days that work should done? ANSWER: The mentioning of the six days indicates a unit of time which defines two sets of time periods. Leket & Shikcha seem to interrupt the section of Holidays? ANSWER: These laws do not interrupt. 2) It is still proper education to train a child in matters that are habits (like not eating blood. 3) Proper chinuch also involves matters that involve internal beliefs and feelings (like tamei which supra-national). transcending the body and its needs. These mitzvos become a part of the concept of bringing Korbanos without a benefit. The second time period is any other time (Shabbos & Yom Tovim). עמ QUESTION: In discussing Shabbos and Holidays and the prohibition of malacha. A Jew’s service requires opposing aspects: “six days” the soul is enclothed in the body and then. עמ QUESTION: What is a Jew suppose to say to another to guide them in proper conduct? ANSWER: Speak softly to each Jew. (158 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך כז. and becoming tamei). ('119 ')איגרות-קודש' כרך א. The month of Iyar is complete with days of counting ספירto enlighten each day to a new and higher level (443 ')ספר השיחות תש"נ כרך ב.BEN CHAMESH L’MIKRA Understanding the Parsha according to the Rebbe ממ”ש Parsha Emor QUESTION: In three places the Rabbis teach us that the Torah warns the Elders about the activities of the young ones (eating creeping creatures. One’s avodah should not include ulterior motives. עמ . (255 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך יז. when “work.
but also that person receives retroactive merit פסוק חלק א ג זא זב זג יבא יבב יזא ב ג אמור ואמרת לנפש לא יטמא בעמיו *ובני ישראל עשו ממחרת השבת *זכרון תרועה ששת ימים *בכל מושבותיכם *ובקוצרכם ושמחתם וספרתם שבעת ימים ערבי נחל אמור *ונקדשתי רמב"ם יז יז יז כבא ד כבב כבג *אמור שלומית כז כזב לבא לבב לבג לזא א לזב .or 49 separate Mitzvos? What we can do and what is above our abilities Gedolim share same essence of life-force with the Ketanim.OVERVIEW לקוטי שיחות Parsha Emor CONTENT HIGHLIGHT ( )אEntire month of Iyar – all days are equal ( )הTransition – Sefiras HaOmer – Iyar (49 ( יזdays of Sefirah one entity. but are part of the concept of bringing Korbanos Great service of Simcha Common denominator between prayer and the counting of the Omer expressed in intent and in self-improvement Time of Sukkos is not connected to a particular event. obligation of time vs of the person Nature of the Shtei HaLechem & reflections in Avodah Law in making the Sukkah to be in a way of shade Awaken the sleeping When one’s disgrace is publicized and leads others not to commit the same error. not only is the community saved. but is an establishment by the Jews of seven special Mitzvah days Appreciating the value of the simple Jew Inspiring Enlightenment: Speaking the virtues of others Differing opinions of Kiddush HaShem Difference in order of Holidays as listed in the Torah and as listed in Rambam. who was replaced by a ram Two types of days: days of work and days of refraining from work Opinions on issue of Chadash outside of Israel Section of Peah & Leket do not interrupt the section of Holidays. but are limited by their Gadlus G-d as Cohen Gadol Punishment of the Mekallel Completeness in the counting of the Omer Emphasis on saying verses of zikhronos and of shofros comes to awaken the “memory” of HaShem of the Akeida of Yitzchak.
who was replaced by a ram A Jew’s service requires The mentioning of the six days indicate a unit of opposing aspects: time which defines two sets of time periods: “six days” soul enclothed in Six days is a period during which “work” is the body labor is required. alludes obligation to carry out the sentence. Applies outside of the Land in order instill a 1. witnesses have the initial hanging on wood. falls upon the rest of of knowledge.e. G-dly soul feels deficiency feelings of one’s lowliness due to not having in being distant from Him this mitzvah א ג אמור ואמרת כא. יד ב יז . unsure of this law Service of counting the Omer Counting of the Omer is תמימותwhen first count is Birur of the animal soul occurs on the day after Shabbos.כג ממחרת השבת כג. rather.or 49 Our avodah in Galus is a separate Mitzvos? Sefirah is a preparation for preparation for Moshiach Matan Torah Two dimensions of Shavous (which can be independent): 50th day of the Omer – our service of counting – obtain 50th gate 6th of Sivan – initiative from G-d – season of giving of the Torah להזהיר גדולים על קטנים Double language of “saying” emphases more than Gedolim share same essence of lifeforce with the talking. כד ששת ימים כג. Influencing the animal soul concept that one’s first action must be for G-d by withdrawal of food 2. should not be transcending the body and done its needs Both opinions relate to our Opinions on issue of Chadash outside of Israel: service 1. that should be done Shabbos and the Festivals are Any other time (Shabbos & Yom Tovim). א זא לנפש לא יטמא בעמיו כא. then from a level of Shabbos same level achieved if Jews do the Will of G-d Emphasis on saying the verses of zikhronos & of shofros seek to awaken the “memory” of HaShem regarding the Akeida of Yitzchak. ג יזא *בכל מושבותיכם כג. “work”. Tumah) of us. but are limited by their Gadlus involvement with the katan By using enlightenment ( )זהרwith Ketanim. then. Does not apply outside the Land to arouse 2. obligatory. א *ובני ישראל עשו כד. tumah does not apply Creation do not apply Above Death by stoning includes In Mitzvah of stoning. טו זב זג יבא יבב *זכרון תרועה כג. allows for the Jews to complete the sentence complete atonement Since no warning by Mekallel. if not. which is prohibited. if sentence to the initial sin of the tree is not completed.ABSTRACT לקוטי שיחות Parsha Emor Devoid of self-interest is the ( )אEvery day in month of Iyar has the Mitzvah to count each day itself – all days are equal intermediary between the beginning & the goal ( )הLeaving Egypt – Passover – Nissan מודה אני Stages in Avodah: Transition – Sefiras HaOmer – Iyar קריאת שמע Awaken the Divine soul Giving of Torah – Shavous – Sivan שמונה עשרה Refine the animal soul Nullify one’s self ( )יזAre the 49 days of Sefirah one entity. for the soul to shine. Creation can serve as a guide to Above. a leads to the redemption Gadol can reach true Gedulah without limits G-d as Cohen Gadol buried Moshe Rabenu: Every Jew is a Cohen Gadol. total Ketanim. but and in that level in each of the inherent limitations (i.
thus.אות בינינו לעולםa person has a constant obligation to fulfill the holiday in its appropriate time. א כז *ונקדשתי כב. always judge another in a positive good in each Jew manner and mention another’s merits Different understanding of the mitzvah of Kiddush HaShem 1. מ אמור כא. thus. כב ג יז יז ושמחתם כג. thus listed in order of occurrence ()לפי סדר בתורה Holidays are an obligation of the Person – . טו כבא כבב כבג א שבעת ימים כג.One’s avodah should not Section of Peah. but on begin the joyous service in Sukkos Jews excel in this Mitzvah. Kiddush HaShem is to surrender oneself to sanctify His Name. לד ערבי נחל כג. but is established by the Jews through Makif of the Torah is more seven special Mitzvah days of sitting in the than one’s comprehension Sukkah that surrounds all aspects on one’s life When dealing with an Aravos (lacking Torah & Mitzvos) highlights the Aravah (simple Jew) first value of the simple Jew – connection with their one must bind (unite with essence. Highest form of Kiddush HaShem is to be killed for His sake 2. these mitzvos become a part of the attributes concept of bringing Korbanos without a benefit From the joy of Sukkos we Mitzvah to rejoice applies to all Festivals. listed in order to reflect the decree that the holiday impacts the person’s service ()לפי סדר ברמב"ם *ובקוצרכם כג. we love every Jew for their him) unconditionally essence (not their qualities) Speaking good about every “Speaking” softly applies how each Jew speaks Jew reveals the hidden to another.אלה מועדיDays of holiness distinct from other non-holy days. לב ב כז רמב"ם לבא . Simchas all aspects of our daily life Bais HaShoevah begins this great service Tefilah ( )ספה"עaccomplishes The siddur’s primary focus is a person’s avodah the drawing G-dliness Unique connection between the Alter Rebbe’s through the various levels siddur and Sefiras HaOmer (last item in siddur): to this world into deed A person’s intent (object) and self-improvement Even in one’s Torah studies Time of Sukkos is not connected to a particular one must feel that the event. a possible miracle is G-d’s business and not part of the Mitzvah Difference in order of Holidays as listed in the Torah and as listed in Rambam Holidays are an obligation of Time – . since done even to the extent of without the owner choosing who is the changing one’s natural recipient. מ ד וספרתם כג. Leket & Shikcha does not include ulterior motives. interrupt the section of Holidays. Greatest Kiddush HaShem occurs when a miracle saves someone from death 3.
Three Levels of Human Avodah Nature of connection between the Minchas Omer (permitting to the common person) and Minchas Shtei HaLachem (permitting to the Altar) One issur exists to utilize the new crop: Omer permits to the common person. not only is the community saved. Shtei HaLachem permits to the mizbeach (need both) Two separate issurim with the issur for the mizbeach being a light one (only completing the task) needed for the service that comes afterwards Shtei HaLachem must be the first minchah offering. or for the sake of providing protection for the people inside Another law upon the person is to have intention while in the Sukkah regarding the Divine Providence that takes us out of our Egypt (spiritual) Just like the enthusiasm of a Cohen can be dormant. totally needed for it’s own accomplishment and not as a predecessor step to other things In a person’s avodah when one’s animal (omer) has been refined. to harness the power of the animal and G-dly soul to connect the two items Shtei HaLachem (the Written Torah and the Oral Torah) The Sukkah is to remind one of the protection that the clouds (Providence) provided from physical suffering: creating an entity of shade. and warned Beis Din to enforce the temporarily asleep. יא . but lacks the offering of proper Bitul (Shtei HaLachem) one is liable to fall (need both) When one is at a higher level and need not fear falling. three opinions exist representing three levels in Avodas HaShem See table below לבב Avodah Beginning Final Permits to: Hedyot Mizbeach Festival Pesach Shavous Allusion Animal Food People’s Food Food Type Barley Wheat עומר שתי הלחם Three Explanations. so a Jew can be Cohanim. then the additional service is a completion and additional level to one’s avodah Even a higher level is where the new minchah is an entire new avodah. yet be laws on the Cohanim awakened When one’s disgrace is publicized and leads others not to commit the same error. but also that person receives retroactive merit לבג *אמור כא. but Moshe reinforced G-d’s command to the never lost.First one must “harness” one’s animal soul. א לזא לזב שלומית כד. and then one’s G-dly soul can serve In a case that a minchah from the new crop is brought prior to the Minchas Shtei HaLechem.
The more one feels the greatness of G-d.. ושבתה הארץ שבת לה' )ויקרא כה. yet tradition tells us the wise son asks this question. the order is correct. What is the point? ANSWER: ( הגבהה וביטולelevation and nullification) are really complementary. עמ QUESTION: The Rabbis express the concept of the connection with rebis (lending with interest) and the acceptance of the yoke of Heaven. the more bitul is possible. (134 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך ז. In G-d’s preferred system. This mitzvah of rebis expresses this concept best. does it rely on a miracle (we don’t work the land. the complete laws of Yovel were only observed during the high spiritual period of the first Bais HaMikdash. In avodah a person starts with bitul of contemplation (yet still feels separate). As one works most of one’s day involved with mundane affairs. (471 ')ספר השיחות ה'תש"נ כרך ה. עמ QUESTION: What are the concepts of Shmitah and of Yovel in Chassidus? ANSWER: Shmitah is the concept of nullification of the sense of self. The purpose of creation is achieved by our service of HaShem with mesiras nefesh. A person feels oneself. Yovel is a higher level of freedom from limitations.. This distinction is clear in that one needs both when understanding the difference between a Shliach (maintains own self) and a servant (a complete nullification). praying and learning. one would observe the Shmitah year (first one must observe six regular years)? ANSWER: The Torah is teaching us that the purpose of the six years of working the land is for the seventh year of rest. physical and even spiritual “revenue” must be earned by striving and exceeds the value of a “free gift”. This level is similar to the spiritual level that will exist in the World to Come. and then moves on to a bitul of Chakikah (engraved into oneself) (159 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך כב.כThis question seems to indicate doubt and challenge. and not challenging. עמ . and G-d provides a miracle not through natural means)? G-d answers that even though the land is weak. עמ QUESTION: The name of the Parsha seems to indicate opposite concepts – a mountain. Why is this connection with this specific mitzvah and not other mitzvos? ANSWER: When a person lends with interest. The Torah shows that one must do one’s service in the world for the six days and only afterwards does one enjoy the benefits of the seventh year. one needs to set aside times for the holy matters. This concept also applies to the each day. yet it is not called by a name and in the Medrash it is called the smallest of the mountains. but places oneself in nullification before HaShem. However. עמ QUESTION: )וכי תאמרו מה נאכל )ויקרא כה. like a gift. Thus.BEN CHAMESH L’MIKRA Understanding the Parsha according to the Rebbe ממ”ש Parsha Behar QUESTION: )כי תבואו אל הארץ. it will provide enough produce for three years. one wants to make money without effort.בWhat is the meaning of this verse that seems to imply that immediately after entering the land. How do we understand this question? ANSWER: The Ben Chochom is requesting details. ( ׁ170 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך ז. (183 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך כז. He is asking about the nature of Shmitah.
but G-d promises an uplifting (Geulah) Our job is not to sit on the mountain but to bring the Torah to the land fulfilling purpose of a Dwelling Place below Slave’s freedom achieves ultimate when seventh year of sale coincides with the Shmitah year Master must provide for the total material needs of the servant Purpose of Bitul – to not feel it Acquisitions in a spiritual life The question of “what should we eat for 3 years” is a question from a Ben Chochom.OVERVIEW לקוטי שיחות Parsha Behar CONTENT HIGHLIGHT Combining elevation and humility The seventh influences the six that follow In G-d’s preferred system. requesting details (not a challenge) A Jew plants and has faith Verse has 2 parts (a general and a specific): Jews are my slaves that I took out of Egypt Jews are not to be sold by public auction Merciful without end פסוק בהר סיני 'שבת לה נשך לכל ישביה 'אני ה *'שבת לה אל תקח מאתו *בהר סיני ושבתה 'גאולה תהי חלק א בהוספות ג זא זב יבא יבב יזא יזב ג יז יז ד זוהר * הוא ובניו עמו בהר-בחוקותי *מה נאכל מה נאכל `*שבת לה * עבדי הם לעולם בהם תעבדו כבא כבב כבג א ב כז כז לבא לבב לז . even spiritual “revenue” must be earned Shmitah and Yovel in Avodas HaShem Why would one think if sold to a non-Jew one could act like him? The year of Shmitah is like the day of Shabbos Three laws in Ribis express a Jew’s relationship with money Rabbi Yishmael –orderly service of Tzadikim Rabbi Akiva – service of Baal Teshuvah Shmitah is connected to speech as an action Failure to observe Shmitah leads to progressively increased problems.
G-d not only In G-d’s preferred system. לה ג זא זב יבא לכל ישביה כה. but spiritual “revenue” must be earned by striving remains an active partner and exceeds the value of a “free gift” Status of Shmitah is affected by Yovel – three One’s Kabolas Ol must be historical periods see chart below infused with enthusiasm Shmitah – – בטול הישKabolas Ol from contemplation Yovel .service of the Tzadik Rabbi Akiva – general and specifics given at Sinai – transcending orderly progression – service of the Baal Teshuvah בהר סיני כה. from the physical (infinite) true humility means being aware of one’s own Self-elevation rooted in qualities. ד אל תקח מאתו כה. ב *'שבת לה כה. י 'אני ה כו. yet in total self-negation holiness. illicit Jew even very low relationships and Shabbos? Shabbos affects all one’s actions (even physical) to Learn from Shabbos Bereshis to Shmitah that be holy. that are converted To a Ger Toshev – permitted to the root of one’s soul To a non-Jew – Mitzvah to take Ribis Rabbi Yishmael – general principles given at Sinai with specifics provided in context of orderly service of the sanctuary. one becomes a ( )יחHar Sinai as the lowliest of mountains shows vessel for Torah by bitul no ulterior motive. Shmitah affects one must take to heart a belief in HaShem as every day even to the level the creator and director of the world of “earth” (physicality) Three laws in Ribis: A person’s money has holy To a Jew – Assur to lend with Ribis sparks. yet infuse each combining opposites of elevation and humility Mitzvah with bitul to divest ( )טזRabbi Yosef (called Sinai) says he is humble. a proper place for Torah From the seventh we The seventh (year or day of the week) precedes (especially women) take and influences the six (years or days) that the ability to affect the follow (especially concerning women) light of Chassidus to Jews Taking G-d as a Partner When a person lends with interest. א א 'שבת לה כה. like a gift prohibition. ד ב הוספות נשך כה. – בטול במציאותfree from limitations G-d rewards from His Why would one think someone sold to a nonEssence thus can reach to a Jew could transgress idol worship. לו יבב יזא *בהר סיני כה. א . one wants to For a person observing this make money without effort. physical and even endows the potential.ABSTRACT לקוטי שיחות Parsha Behar ()אMitzvah of Shmitah from Har Sinai (lowest One must observe all details mountain) expresses the essence of all Mitzvos (finite).
ב ב סיום מס' שביעית יז 'גאולה תהי כה. since they are part of the slave In avodah a person starts Names of Parshios indicate opposites הגבהה וביטול with bitul of contemplation but are really complementary (yet still feels separate). exists with its future produce but cannot acquire for the In spiritual life (teshuvah). it will provide of blessing of “produce” enough produce for three years Six years a person works the fields and might When a person upholds one’s realize the true source of the growth of the word even beyond the ground.the more one feels the greatness of G-d and then moves on to a – בחוקותיthe more bitul is possible bitul of Chakikah Difference between a Shliach (maintains own (engraved into oneself) self) and a servant (a complete nullification) Serving G-d is an act of In the laws of acquisition one cannot sell acquiring oneself to His something (produce) that has not yet come into Ownership. כ ב כז 'שבת לה כה.a person who sells himself as a slave. speech and action The avodah of the six The question of “what should we eat for 3 years” (thousand) years of bitul is a question from a Ben Chochom. מח ג יז יז ד זוהר *הוא ובניו עמו כה. or might think that the blessing comes letter of the law. מב לבב . We are children of G-d and the master is obligated to provide food also to He goes with us into Galus his children. & one who Establish the Word of G-d & owes a debt to a Ger who died and is exempt. בהר . but to bring the Torah to the land fulfilling the purpose of making a Dwelling Place for G-d below. even though an imprisoned person can not free themselves. one must still Mitzvos which exists. one mortgages oneself struggle to G-d. who can free the prisoner Servant’s personal release in his seventh year is connected to the general release of Shmitah. but one can sell an object that does good “acquisitions” today. by Bitul and involvement in Torah and Mitzvos one’s movements become one with G-d. the Parshios in Behar) yet can be awakened But G-d promises an uplifting (Geulah) Our job is not to sit on the mountain. ד 'סיום מס שביעית לבא עבדי הם כה. this shows one’s own work that one does so because The seventh year provides the opportunity to G-d commanded fully realize the complete faith in HaShem’s causing the processes of the world Jews can be sold as slaves to Verse has 2 parts (a general and a specific): other Jews only since slave Jews are my slaves that I took out of Egypt of a King is like the King Jews are not to be sold by public auction ושבתה כה. requesting and Mesiras Nefesh brings details and is not a challenge. a person’s actions Shmitah (Bitul. achieving ultimate when they coincide (similar to the תמימותof Sefirah starting on Yom Rishon) Chidush . thru Torah & future. one’s future thought. one can do existence.Shmitah-connected to speech. G-d answers that the seventh (thousand) year even though the land is weak. מא בהר-בחוקותי כבא כבב כבג *מה נאכל כה. refrainment) כל המקיים את דברו רוח חכמים נוחה ממנו is a concept of Malkhus – Applied to one who is exempt but pays the world of speech obligations of the Shmitah year. merit to be redeemed but pays the children that converted with him Spiritually one descends by Failure to observe Shmitah leads to placing one’s relationship progressively increased problems (the order of to G-d into “sleep mode”. כ א כז מה נאכל כה.
and also. need to feed your slave and your animal prior to one’s own eating לעולם בהם תעבדו כה. not strictness Intelligence can lead one to be strict to impart lessons. kindness dictates that a person be merciful and pursue justice Great Mercy is shown by not overburdening your non-Jewish slave. needs to be treated with kindness. מו לז THREE PERIODS OF YOVEL AND SHMITAH PERIOD 1st Bais HaMikdas h 2nd Bais HaMikdas h After the Churban 48th year 6th year of cycle 49 year 50 year th th 51st year 1st year of cycle 56th year 57th year 6th year of cycle Shmitah Yovel Yovel counted but not observed 1st year of cycle Shmitah 6th year of cycle 6th year of cycle Shmitah 1st year of cycle 2nd year of cycle 6th year of cycle Shmitah Shmitah Shmitah 1st year of cycle .In avodah. a non-Jewish slave is the part of one’s self that lacks feelings in his heart that need to be awakened.
Reminder of past deeds triggers Teshuvah (due to dichotomy between speech & the heart) A declaration of Teshuvah might not be sincere.BEN CHAMESH L’MIKRA Understanding the Parsha according to the Rebbe ממ”ש Parsha Bechokosai QUESTION: We find the Rabbis in the Gemara. עמ . (332 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך יז. ( ׁ1013 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך ג. it is not worthless. everything goes after the conclusion (Maaser) that our avodah in this world is primary. then one is rewarded with potential to “progress” further. עמ QUESTION: What does the last two Mitzvos (Bechor and Maaser) of the Parsha and of Sefer VaYikra teach us? ANSWER: Mitzvah of Bechor is an inherent holiness that comes from high. however. The Mitzvah of Maaser is accomplished by the service of Jews in this world. nevertheless. This represents the inspiration from Above that seeks to motivate our service below. still has effects: 1. and they happen to our physical and spiritual lives. If one learns Torah with commitment of Kabolas Ol (Chukim). Does such a Vidui have any value? ANSWER: Verbal expressions (Vidui) even without Teshuvah. are in fact blessings. Extra push to complete the process of Teshuvah in the person that is in the midst of Teshuvah 3. Our service utilizes both sources. even wonderful blessings. indicating the inspiration from below. seemingly “cursing” another and later it is interpreted as a blessing. עמ QUESTION: Verbal expressions of Vidui without complete Teshuvah. However. but an integrated part of the whole. 287 '( )לקוטי שיחות כרך א עמ QUESTION: Why does the Torah allude to the concept of learning Torah (using intellect) with חוקים (beyond intellect)? ANSWER: – חקיקהengraving’s advantage over written letters is that they are not an independent entity. Why not just say a blessing in the first place? ANSWER: Curses in the Torah (like this week’s parsha) and from the Rabbis. since it will ultimately lead to complete Teshuvah (207 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך כז. (174 ')לקוטי שיחות כרך לז. עמ QUESTION: Why the stress on physical rewards in our Parsha (isn’t spiritual the main area of reward)? ANSWER: Stress on physical rewards in this Parsha emphasizes that the rewards are a direct consequence of our actions. Outward expression brings out the feelings of Teshuvah that are in the heart and thoughts of the person 2. Physical rewards express the desirability of Torah and Mitzvos that effuses blessings also to our physical lives. since the source is so “high” (not apparent) the blessing must be enclothed in the opposite manner (like a curse) since not able to be received currently by us in the revealed format. does not affect a personal or a communal redemption. Study of Torah needs labor until engraved.
over one-fifth.benefit of human initiative The language of Cherem (opposite of blessing) indicates return to the real owner Changes in the world after the arrival of Moshiach Vidui even without Teshuvah has effects Tzedekah has three levels: up to one-fifth. the tenth becomes holy The actual toil in Torah engraves into a Jew’s heart The response to the Jews’ higher dedication to the point of “toiling” is a bonus reward of “G-d will turn aside from His affairs to reward the Jews” Entire Sefer Vayikra reflects theme .OVERVIEW לקוטי שיחות Parsha Bechokosai CONTENT HIGHLIGHT All Mitzvos require Kabolas Ol The Tochacha are very lofty blessings not expressed directly Pnimiyus HaTorah reveals that all suffering is manifestly good Study of Torah needs to be like letters engraved in stone Complete removal of bad. the Tenth Torah changes the world. or do we attempt to transform it Standing upright – 2 explanations expressed from the names of the Tannaim Mistakenly calling the 11th animal. and all of one’s possessions Geulah comes due to the bris between G-d and the Avos (themselves) and independent on our worthiness A part of a Chok can be understood Influence of Torah without limits פסוק אם בחקתי תלכו בחקתי תלכו והשבתי קוממיות 'קודש לה * לא יבקר *בחוקותי תלכו *ופניתי אליכם חלק א ג זא זב יבא יבב יזא יזב יזג כשדה החרם ועץ השדה יתן פריו *והתודו את עונם מכל אשר לו *בריתי יעקב 'הוא ותמורתו יהי קודש ונתתי גשמיכם בעתם כב כזא כזב כזג לבא לבב לז .
a person & the body) Case of mistakenly calling to the 11th animal. and about Mizmor Shir l’Yom haShabbos Standing upright – 2 explanations alluded by the Tannaim’s names Rabbi Yehudah(100 ( . physical) Result – Love is awakened (upon passing the test) Pnimiyus HaTorah does not wait for any of the above.)כמות-סיניcannot be offered but can make another animal T’murah The tenth animal becomes holy and this First step is to refrain from bad Kedusha is apparent as it is brought to and then do good.הודהJoined & complementary (i. resolutions.e. going comprehension beyond the normal חוק אם בחקתי תלכו כו. but can not make another animal T’murah Rabbi Yehudah -quantity is preferable ( . even to a Baal Mum (not the main avodah is to do good offered) still attaches forms of holiness Two meanings in :בחוקותי The actual toil in Torah must be 1) When a Jew toils in Torah. ג יזא . and even those a stone חקיקה parts that one thinks he 2) When one strives in Torah learning. nevertheless. etc. ו קוממיות כו. Mishpatim. Examine one’s conduct – realize that the King Himself is cleaning him ()אגרת הקודש סימן כב Result – G-d’s Love manifest in revealed form (after mediation.)איכות-עוקר הריםsuch an animal is offered on the Altar. & Chukim) require Kabolas Ol ()הThe Tochacha are very lofty blessings that cannot be expressed openly ()חThree items of advice in Tanya to deal with suffering 1. יג זב יבא 'קודש לה כז. the Tenth Rabbi Meir -quality is preferable ( .ABSTRACT לקוטי שיחות Parsha Bechokosai ()אAll Mitzvos (Edos. are in truth beyond an expression of super-rational. לג יבב בחוקותי תלכו כו. but an integrated part of the whole potential to “progress” further Study of Torah needs labor until engraved The future promise to remove bad animals Main avodah is to not to destroy R’Yehuda: complete removal ()ביטול במציאות but turn over the bad of the Rabbi Shimon – only remove their form & world into good to become a ability to be bad ()שינוי הצורה Dwelling Place for G-d Pertains also to removing Chametz.e. like understands. as if on understanding. rather the good is manifest immediately If one learns Torah with – חקיקהengraving’s advantage over written commitment of Kabolas Ol letters is that they are not an independent (Chukim). the Altar. Accept with joy ()ל"א פרק כו Result – to be revealed as good (upon the Geulah) 2. ג ג זא והשבתי כו.) 3. ג א בחקתי תלכו כו. the heichel & its walls) Rabbi Meir (100) 2 (’אור וכליs) – Joined but distinct (i. awaken love for HaShem. then rewarded with entity. לב סיום מס' בכורות * לא יבקר כז. View as test to determine one’s priorities (spiritual vs. the Torah beyond one’s rational becomes engraved in one’s heart.
Outward express brings out the feelings might not be sincere. Reminder (embarrassment) of past deeds triggers Teshuvah (due to the dichotomy between speech & the heart) One can serve with limits Ordinarily one does not exceed one-fifth of (motives). but to save a life (whether one can serve without limits physical or spiritual). the source of blessing to the returning them to the original owner. ד *והתודו את עונם כו.A Jew learning Torah with complete bitul beyond any reason. 2. ט יזב יזג בלי גבול בחקתי אדם כי יקריב שורש הנשמה (תלכו )אדם העליון ))חקיקה תקריב את מצד אדם קרבנכם מצותי למטה (אדם תשמרו בגשמיות )תחתון קיימה אף בזמן הגלות חכמה שבנפש בכור ))מסירת נפש אתעדל"ע קדוש מעצמו ירושה מאבותינו עשר כחות הנפש יש שינוים מעשר )מחשבה דבור בזמן הבית אתעדל"ת האדם מקדשו )ומעשה לזמן הגלות Property of Jews belongs to G-d The Torah uses the language of Cherem since property of a slave (opposite of blessing) removing the belongs to the master. leads to G-d’s “turning” and revealing His Essence in complete union with the Jew Only through a person’s own avodah does one touch the Essence and able to draw down to below A general reward given for fulfilling Torah The bonus reward of “G-d will turn aside from His affairs to reward the Jews” is in response to the Jews’ higher dedication to Torah to the point of “toiling” Both the beginning & the conclusion of Sefer VaYikra (same with Parshas Bechukosai) emphasizes avodah of אתערותא דלעילאpreceded by תערותא דלתתא see below *ופניתי אליכם כו. no limit exists כשדה החרם כז. who is property from the temporary owner. Tzedekah. and any miracles that occur are not part of the process עולם כמנהגו נוהג In a later period will occur all the promised miracles and changes in the world Three function of verbal expressions (Vidui) regarding Teshuvah: Vidui even without Teshuvah 1. the property Cohen who is separated from the rest Rambam stresses that in the initial period Moshiach’s purpose is to facilitate conditions so that all Jews observe Torah & Mitzvos. however. of the heart and thoughts of the person nevertheless. it is not worthless. Causes an extra push in the person in the since it will ultimately lead to midst of the process of Teshuvah complete Teshuvah 3. כא סיום ערכין כב כזא ועץ השדה יתן פריו כו. כח כזב כזג . if one one’s financial worth for the Mitzvah of removes the ulterior motives. מ מכל אשר לו כז.
and they to exist between physical items happen to our physical and spiritual lives and their spiritual sources Physical rewards express the desirability of Torah and Mitzvos that effuses blessings also to our physical lives *בריתי יעקב כו. conversely. לג לבב ונתתי גשמיכם בעתם כו. one needs to realize the 2) G-d prompts us to strive to superrational portion of a Mishpat understand His Commandments so we can serve with full pleasure and simchah Stress on physical rewards in this Parsha emphasizes that the rewards are a direct In time of Moshiach no distinction consequence of our actions. whether we (the children) are worthy or not Our service of G-d combines two (seemingly) conflicting concepts 1) Kabolas Ol – acceptance of Mitzvos since commanded by Necessity to understand (whatever possible the King without need for of a Chok understanding And. ד לז . מב לבא והיה הוא 'ותמורתו יהי קודש כז.The future Geulah comes due to the bris (and not due to their merit) between G-d and the Avos (themselves).
COM VaYikra Holidays .I E S VI A L F R O NOD TMAA BE O DW A L L CLICK ON HYPERLINK FOR PREVIEW Parsha Aides – Creative views to understand the Parsha Bereshis Shemos BeMidbar Devarim VaYikra All of the above Math in the Parsha – Presentation of Math concepts in the Parsha by description and Quiz Bereshis Shemos VaYikra BeMidbar Devarim Holidays All of the above Parsha WordSearch – Word Search using Hebrew words from the Parsha with a bonus question Bereshis Shemos VaYikra BeMidbar Devarim Holidays All of the above Parsha Sudoku – two levels of Sudoku using Hebrew words from the Parsha Bereshis Shemos VaYikra BeMidbar Devarim Holidays All of the above Parsha Math – puzzle using numeric values of Hebrew words from the Parsha Bereshis Shemos VaYikra BeMidbar Devarim Holidays All of the above Lekutei Sichos – Q&A.PARSHAPAGES. Overview and Abstract of published essays of the Lubavitcher Rebbe Bereshis Shemos VaYikra BeMidbar Devarim Holidays All of the above Selections from Rabbi Baruch Epstein Bereshis Shemos BeMidbar Devarim All of the above WWW.
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