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&

-
:
...
2014

: 24%

; Maersk, Toyota, Marks &


Spencer,

Rotterdam

; UN GRI G3/G4, ISO 14001,


5001, SA 8000


45%
2008
15%
10
HFO



Energy Efficiency Design Index EEDI
Ships Energy Management PlanSEEMP
Energy Efficiency Operational
Indicator- EEOI
- Market
Based Measures- MBM

2.Ships Energy Management Plan- SEEMP


1.Energy Efficiency Design Index -EEDI

4.
3. -MBM

Panamax Sterling

(dwt)

(Loa)

(Lpp)

(MCR)

78932 t
225 m
219 m
32,24 m
14,37 m
Mitsui MAN
7S50MC-C
9561 kW, 110
rpm
1x MAN B&W
TCA66
4,76 m
6,2 m
4



(ECA)

CA

200

100,00%

25

12,50%

175

87,50%

27-31
t/day
2,5-3
t/day


20150,5% 2025
2025

20252030

ECA
ECA

LSHFO
(<0,5%)
MGO

HFO
MGO


1.

(Weather routing)

0,1-4%
CapEx: 3.000$

2. (Derating)

2-6%
CapEx: 1.100.000$

(II)
3. (Optimal
Trimming)

2-6%

CapEx: 150.000$

4. boss cap

2-5%
CapEx: 80.000$

(III)
5.

6. Mewis

4-9%
CapEx: 350.000$

2-10%
CapEx: 150.000$

(IV)
7. Costa Bulb

8. Promas Lite

2-4%
CapEx: 160.000$

2-4%
6-9%

CapEx:1.000.000$
270.000$
CapEx:

(V)
9.
(Fouling Release)

10.

5-9%
CapEx: 390.000$

1-3%
CapEx: 40.000$

(V)
11.

8-10%

CapEx: 1.600.000$

12.

CapEx: 7.600.000$

(V)
13.

8-12%
CapEx: 1.200.000$

14.

4-12%

CapEx: 1.400.000$


1. EIA 2013
2. HFO
(5,2)
(%)
LSHFO-HFO
135%
MGO-HFO
170%
LNG-HFO
83%

HFO/

1,19%

1200

HFO

1000

$/t

800

LSHFO
(0,5%)
MGO
(0,1%)
LNG

600
400

200
0
2010

2015

2020

2025

2030

2035

... 2,72% 3,45%



(WACC)
7 (NASDAQ)
9,22%

10%

( 2025)
/

...1

$573.571,87
...4
boss cap
$1.061.392,25
...5

...10

PI

2272,43%
168,98%

192,19
14,27

$1.554.640,25

134,66%

11,36

$385.539,39

126,08%

10,64

$1.545.368,71
$1.304.986,07
$533.907,30

59,06%
56,30%
35,59%

4,96
4,73
2,98

$248.229,59
$969.739,50
$783.923,46

31,72%
21,24%
20,93%

2,65
1,81
1,78

$574.928,58

15,97%

1,41

$3.016.687,03

15,06%

1,40

$470.431,14

14,35%

1,29

-$211.844,07

6,85%

0,81

...9
...8
...6


Mewis

Promas Lite

...3
...13
...7

Costa bulb

boss cap

...12

-$500.000

...14
$500.000

$1.500.000 $2.500.000 $3.500.000

...11
...2

Mewis
Costa bulb


Promas Lite


(II)-
$5.000.000,00

$4.000.000,00


$2.000.000,00

Costa bulb
Promas Lite

$1.000.000,00

Mewis

$0,00
0

10

$1.000.000,00

15

20

$15.000.000,00

boss cap

$3.000.000,00

$2.000.000,00

$20.000.000,00

$10.000.000,00

$5.000.000,00

$0,00
0

10

15

$5.000.000,00

$10.000.000,00

20


1 LSHFO-HFO

105,00%

135%

165
%

-21%

18%

-57%

36%

140,00%

170%

200
%


3 LNG-HFO

53,00%

83%

113
%

1%


2 MGO-HFO


4 HFO

1,19%

2%

-29%

-19%

22%

68%


5 (% )

2%

3%

7%

-50%

133%

5%

10%

20%

-100%

100%

150

175

200

-17%

14%

0,1%

1,0%

2,0%

-900%

100%

0,1%

1,0%

2,0%

-900%

100%


7 ECA/


LNG-HFO

60%
40%
20%
0%
-20%
-40%
-60%
-80%


MGO-HFO


(%

ECA/


LSHFO-HFO


PI

PI

25.000%
20.000%

U: (0, 1)
F (c) = (c-a)/ (b-a)
a, b, c : ,

15.000%
10.000%
5.000%
000%
0,000%

0,500%
1,000%
1,500%
2,000%
()

2,500%


(II)-


(III)- Monte Carlo

...7
...13

0,20%

0,98

...3

0,00%

1,21

...6

Costa bulb

0,00%

1,24

...8

Mewis

0,00%

2,09

...9

0,00%

2,27

...5

0,00%

3,19

...4

boss cap

0,00%

5,36

0,00%

5,42

0,00%

18,12

...12

120,000%

...14

100,000%

...11

80,000%

60,000%

40,000%


20,000%


1,809716253

1,693058187

1,576400121

1,459742055

1,343083989

1,226425923

1,109767858

0,993109792

0,876451726

,000%
0,75979366


0,643135594


PI

Promas Lite

...2

(PI<1)

WHR

...10

...1

91,00%

0,12

24,00%

0,31

28,00%

0,37

20,00%
0,40%

0,64
0,89

PI 65%

35%

CO2
5%

...1

...2

PI

CO2 (t)

192,19

768,0

0,81

1.152,0

...3

2,65

960,0

...4

boss cap

14,27

960,0

...5

11,36

1.920,0

...6

Costa bulb

2,98

768,0

...7

Promas Lite

1,78

1.728,0

...8

Mewis

4,73

1.728,0

...9

4,96

1.728,0

...10

10,64

576,0

...11

1,29

1.920,0

...12

1,41

2.304,0

...13

1,81

2.304,0

...14

1,40

13.475,0

(II)
/

...1
...4
...5
...14
...8

boss cap


Mewis

42,60%
8,46%
6,94%
5,66%
5,59%

...10
...3
...9
...6
...7
...11
...2
...13
...12



Costa bulb
Promas Lite



5,49%
5,07%
4,54%
4,00%
2,82%
2,75%
2,53%
1,81%
1,73%

( 2025)
/

...1

$573.571,87
...4
boss cap
$1.061.392,25

...5

$1.554.640,25

...10

...9
...8
...6
...3
...13
...7
...12

...14
...11
...2

Mewis
Costa bulb


Promas Lite

PI

2272,43%
168,98%

192,19
14,27

134,66%

11,36

$385.539,39

126,08%

10,64

$1.545.368,71
$1.304.986,07
$533.907,30

59,06%
56,30%
35,59%

4,96
4,73
2,98

$248.229,59
$969.739,50
$783.923,46

31,72%
21,24%
20,93%

2,65
1,81
1,78

$574.928,58

15,97%

1,41

$3.016.687,03

15,06%

1,40

$470.431,14

14,35%

1,29

-$211.844,07

6,85%

0,81

Rate