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PRODUCTION OF NANO MATERIALS: BALL MILLING METHOD

INTRODUCTION

Nano materials can be defined as those materials which have structured components with size less than 100nm at least in one dimension. Nanotechnology is an advanced technology, which deals with the synthesis of nano-particles, processing of the nano materials and their applications.

BALL MILLING

Ball milling is a method of production of nano materials. This process is used in producing metallic and ceramic nano materials. These mills are equipped with grinding media composed of wolfram carbide or steel. Ball mills rotate around a horizontal axis ,partially filled with the material to be ground plus the grinding medium.

The balls rotate with high energy inside a drum and then fall on the solid with gravity force and crush the solid into nano crystallites.

Advantages of ball milling process:

1. Nanopowders of 2 to 20 nm in size can be produced. The size of nanopowder also depends upon the speed of the rotation of the balls. 2. It is an inexpensive and easy process.

Disadvantages

1. As the process is not so sophisticated, therefore the shape of the nanomaterial is irregular. 2. There may be contaminants inserted from ball and milling additives. 3. This method produces crystal defects.

CONCLUSION

The significant advantage of this method is that it can be readily implemented commercially. Ball milling can be used to make carbon nanotubes and boron nitride nanotubes. It is a preferred method for preparing metal oxide nano crystals like Cerium(CeO2) and Zinc Oxide (ZnO).