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- :CBC_FBS_BS_Hb-HCT_PLT-PT-PTT-Cholestrol_Fb-Cr- BUN-Na-K-Ca-

LDL-HDL - :,UA-UC
- :

-
-
-
-

FBS

MCHC

WBC

RBC

HB

HC

) (

HCV

HCH

R.D.W

PLT

PTE

MPV

MCH

MCV

M/E

RDW

UA

) PH (

TGs

) (

HCG

FSB


RBC
RBC .
.
.
. :
4/7 6/1 . .
:
120
.
RBC
.
RBC 1 .
.
RBC.
HCT
HCT .
.

. RBC Hgb
HCT .
. : 42 52 37 47
. 33 .
: HCT 60 15 .
:
)
( HCT .
HCT .
3 .
.

WBC
.

.
WBC .

. diff CBC
. : 2
5 10 .
: WBC 2500 30000
.
:

.
WBC
.
WBC .
.
Hgb
Hg HGB Hgb .
.
.
.
. : 14 18
12 16 .
: 5 20 .
:
Hgb
.

.
.
RBC Hgb .

Plt
.

.
Plt
.

. : 150 400
. .
: 50 .
:
. .
. .



.

A:- B.
B: - A.
AB: - AB.
O: - O.

) ( .

O
AB:

A B AB
Rh

. Rh Rh
Rh .
. Rh Rh

Rh
.
15 Rh Rh .


.
Fasting
. 10 12 .
12 105
.
65 70 100 110

.


( HDL( ( LDL(
.

9 12
.
.

... .

" " .
.

) (---
---200
200 ---239
240 ---
LDL ----
---- 70
----100
100 ---- 129
130 ---- 159
160 ---- 189
190 ----
HDL ------
: ------40
: ------50
50 ------ 59
60 ------
) ----------
---------150
150 ---------199
200 ---------499
500 ---------


COPD /
.
:K
.
.
3,6 -5 .
)(
.
.

)(
. ACE .
:Na
.
mEq/L 145-135.
. :
)
( ...
)( .
%5
...
)(ESR
) ( ESR
.
. ESR

.
.
. ESR
0 . 0
1 0 .
:

.

... .
. ESR
. ESR 10 20
.
CRP
CRP ESR
ESR

. ESR CRP . ESR

RF , ANA
CBC .
ESR:
ESR .
-1 .


ESR.
-2 .
)
ESR (. .
-3 ESR
.
-4
ESR.

ESR
. ESR
.

CBC
CBC .
) C (COMPLETE (BLOOD) B ( COUNT) C
: CBC
CBC:

(WBC) -

) (RBC

platelet count

Diff -Count white blood cell differential

)(HCT

)(HGB

) (index

RBC Index
: A- MCV
: ..... B -MCH
: C -Red Blood Cell morphology report D -Immature
cells report
:
: E - Malaria Parasit report
CBC


UA
. .
.
U/A .
. ) (dipsticks
.
(
) (pale yellow
) (urochrom . :
.
. red diaper syndrome
.
)( .

. )( .
.
WBC .
.
) (dipsticks .
1/001 1/035 .
. 1/008 1/020 1/008
1/020 . 1/010 CRF
ARF .

ADH

) IVP 1/035

50 1200 .
.
dipsticks .
PH
dipsticks . PH 4/5 8 . 5/56/5
. 5/5 6/5 . pH
pH RTA
. 5/5 RTA . UTI
.
. pH .
.
(
Dipsticks .
.

)( .
.
.
Dipsticks
.
RBC 3 Dipsticks
%90 . .
.
.
.
.
. RBC
RBC ghost cells (RBC
( . +2 300-100) +3
( .
80 150 .
)(overflow
. . 20
. 20
. dipsticks 30-20
150 .
) (%40 ) (%30 ) (%30.
dipsticks .
:
. 180 120
. dipsticks .
:
. .

%50 .
.

.


.
: WBC
. .
. . UTI
UTI %95
. )
)TB UTI .

10 5 2000 3000

X100 X400 .
.

oval fat ) ( .

) ( .


.Tamm-horsfall
.
:
.
RBC : RBC
.
WBC: .
(waxy):
.
fatty: .


.
.
) ( .

. .

6
.

.
hpf20000/1 50000/1 hpf 20000 50000
5 100000 .

.

(budding) hyphae .
.


.


: VLDL :
VERY LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN
) HDL- LDL) .
VLDL .
CHYLOMICRONES


BILIRUBIN
HEME .
.
.
HBA1C
A
HBA1C

.

RETIC
reticolocyte .
.
. .
.
PBS
peripheral blood smear
. .
Diff
differential
. 100 200
.
.
G6PD
glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase


.
BUN
BLOOD UREA NITROGEN
.

.
Cr
CREATININE
.
. BUN
.
AST
ASPARTATAE TRANSAMINASE .
.. .

.

ALT
ALANINE TRANSAMINASE AST
AST
AST .
PRO
PROTEIN . .


.
MCH
MEAN CORPOSCULAR OF HEMOGLOBIN
. .
MCHC
MEAN CORPOSCULAR HEMOGLOBIN CONCENTRATION
.
.
RDW
RED BLOOD CELL DITRIBUTION WIDTH .
.

.
.
Lym
LYMPHOCYTE

.
NEU
NEUTROPHIL

.
CBC
CELL BLOOD COUNT
. WBC RBC HCT-HGB-PLT-MCH-MCV-MCHC-MPV-RDW-.
.

WBC
WHITE BLOOD CELL
.
RBC
RED BLOOD CELL .
HGB
HEMOGLOBIN
.
PLT
PLATELET .
. .
HCT
HEMATOCRIT .
MCV
MEAN CORPOSCULAR VOLUME .
:
Colour
. Light
yellow ) ( Dark yellow .
. ) ( ) (
) ( ) ( ) (

Appearance :
Turbid
semiturbidl .
. ) ( cloudy .
( specific gravity ) :

. 1/003 1/035 24 1/015
1/025 .SG )
( SG SG 24
. SG
SG .

PH
4/6-8 6 . PH
. PH 6
H+.
Protein
.
.
:a b .
)
.
Glucose

) (>180mg/dl .
) (
KetonAceton
. ) (
. ) (
) (
) ( .
Blood
. )
( )
( .
Hemoglubin
RBC.
)
(... RBC
. SG ) ) RBC 1,007
.
Bilirubin & Urobilinogen
)( )
( )
( )
(. 10 .

15 .
) (
.
) ( .
Nitrit

.
WBC
) ( .
2 .
) ( )
( . ) (cast WBC
. WBC 50 )
U/A). )(WBC clamp
.
RBC
) ( .
1 2 .
RBC .
Epithelial cells
) ( .

. ) (
3-4
.
Mucus

.
Bacteria

.
WBC .

Cast

)= ( .
. ) (
.

) Leukocyte cast Granular cast Crystalin cast
.( ... ( Hyalin(
. - Cast
.
Crystal

.
. )
( . )
... .

.

FBS
PKU
Urine
Urine Homocystine
2hpp
Urea
BUN Blood urea nitrogen ) (
U.A
T.G
HDL
LDL .
NA
K
Ca fe li
RBC
WBC
TIBC
SGOT -
SGPT -
ALP ) (ALP
ACP
TSH , T3 , T4
OB
Stool/E
SEMEN .
PCT
FSH
LH
T
PTH
Beta HCG
PSA
C.B.C -Hb -Hct -
- - -

(fasting blood sugar=FBS):


.
fasting . 10 12
. 12 105
. 65-70 100-110

.
(chol):

.

.
.... .
40 ) (
.
.
HDL LDL.
LDL:

LDL .
. LDL
130 100
.
HDL:

HDL
. HDL . HDL 20
. chol/HDL 5 .
40 50 . .
LDL/HDL 3 . -6
3 6
.

= (TG ):

.

. )
12 ).
150-200 .
200 .
:

. .

) ( . 2-7 - 5/8
2 blood urea B.U.N B.U
. 10-50 .
( CREATININE):

.
. .
7/0- 4/1.
( AIB):


.
. .
. .
5/5 .
(SGPT , SGOT):

) (AST ) (ALT
.
B6 . - 40
5 .

(IRON ):

)( .
.
40 - 155
) ( .
(TOTAL POR):


.
.
) ( ) ( .
12 - 16 .
. 36 - 47
.
MCV
. B12
.


. .
.
. 65
.

.
4 .
30
.

.

.


) ( .

:
:

.
.
.
:
.
) ( .

.

.

.
10
)( ) )

. .
TIBC:
.
) (
.
.
. .
( UIBC (
. TIBC : + UIBC


.
:
.
)(CO2
.
.
.

. mg/d1 10 .
:
.
.
40 100 40 .
) ( .
.
. .
(MPV):
.
. MPV
.
CBC . CBC
B12 .

. CBC :
( MCV ):

. MBV
B12
)) .
( MCH ):
MCH . MCH
MCH .
MCHC:
.
)( .
MCHC .
:

ug/d1 160-60

ug/d1 160-60

ug/d1 450-240

ug/d1 450-240

TIBC

ug/L 200- 18

g/d1 300-20

g/d1 16-12

g/d1 18-13

pg/cell 35- 27

Pg/cell 35-27

MCH

g/d1 37-32

g/d1 37-32

MCHC

cuum 102-78

Cuum 100-78

MCV

mg/d1 365-191

mg/d1 365-191

50-20

50-20

.



.

.
...


.
. .

. .
.

100
.


) (
.
.

(color): .

.
.
:
: .
B . .
)
( . .

. .
.
)(Clarity

.
:
:


.
.
)(odor
.
.
: .
.
. .
) ( .
.
)(Specific Gravity

. .
.
: 005/1 03/1
: .
. ) (
.

.
.
PH
PH .
PH
. PH .
.
6/4 : 8
: PH
. PH
PH .

(Prt ) Protein
.
: Negative 80-50 24 250 24

: )
( .

.
.
.
)(Glucose
.
.
24 5/0 .
:

: ) ) ICU .
.

.
.
)(Ketone
.
.
.
:
:
.
.
)(Crystals
.
. PH
.
:
: .
)(WBC, RBC
.
. .
: 0 4
:
RBC . WBC
.
Cast

.

.


.

.

.
.
.
.

.

.
. .
.
.
C .
. .
. . )
(
.
.
.