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28 g HC

NaOH.

.
1 400 m Br2/CC4 4% w/v Br2.
2 SOC2 6,72
( stp ).
i.
ii.

iii.



0,6 mol
20,4 g
C5H10O2 ( ).

.
, ,
,
.
2/+1 ,
.


C2 2 x mol : n
(mol)
./

C2
x

HC

m
28
2
x
x
(1)
Mr
14

C2+1C
x

NaOH ,
C2+1C
.
y mol C2+1C NaOH
mol , y+ = x (2)
(mol)
./

C2+1C
y

NaOH

C2
y

(mol)
./

C2+1C

NaOH

C2+1

NaC

y mol C2 mol C2+1


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NaC

H 2O

1 (y/2 mol C2 /2 mol C2+1 )


Br2/CC4 .
(mol)
./

C2
y/2

Br2 :

Br2
y/2

C2Br2

400 4
y
0,1 mol Br2
0,1 y 0,2 mol
100 160
2

2 (0,1 mol C2 /2 mol C2+1 )


SOC2 :
(mol)
C2+1 + SOC2
./
/2
V
6,72
n(g) stp 2
0,3 mol
22,4
2 22,4

C2+1C
/2

SO2 +
/2

HC
/2

(2) x = 0,5 mol


(1) = 4
C4H8 :
1
2
3

, 2 3
NaOH . (

)
( , ):

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ii.
0,6 mol 0,3 mol 0,3
mol C2+1COOH 0.
.
(mol)
.
.
.

C2+1COOH+
0,3
z
0,3-z

CH3 C HCH2 CH3

OH
0,3
z

0,3-z

C 21COOC HCH2 CH3

CH3

H 2O

z
z

z
z

O C5H10O2 +5=5=0
HCOOC HCH2 CH3

HCOOH
CH3

nz

mz 20,4

0,2 mol
Mrz 102

z
0,2

0,667 66,7%
0,3 0,3

iii.


C 21COOC 21 0 , 1 +1+=5 +=4 (3)

C 21COO + C 21
C 21COOC 21 2

:
14+46=14+1814(-)=46-18-=2 (4)
(3) (4) = 3 =1
=1 : CH3COOH
=3 C3H9OH C3H6
CH3 C HCH3

CH3CH=CH2

OH
CH3 COOC HCH3


CH3

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