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1

PREMIXER
2

MIXER

DRYER

PRODUCT

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1000 kg produk
STREAM NUMBER
UNIT
1
PASIR VULKANIK
kg
THAISIL ND 6505
kg
17.5
LOMAR D (PC-02)
kg
12.6
WATER (PC-02)
kg
17.4
CARBOFURAN TECH
kg
31.5
OSPIRITSO 1643
kg
0.3
RED FR
kg
0.35
METHANOL
kg
63.2
TOTAL
kg 142.85

2
921

17.5
12.6
17.4
31.5
0.3
0.35
63.2
921 142.85

4
5
921
921
17.5
17.5
12.6
12.6
17.4
17.4
31.5
31.5
0.3
0.3
0.35
0.35
63.2
1063.9 1000.7

500 kg/jam
0.5556 ton/jam
666.67 kg/jam
STREAM NUMBER
UNIT
1
2
3
4
5
6
PASIR VULKANIK
kg
460.5
460.5 460.5
THAISIL ND 6505
kg
8.75
8.75
8.75
8.75
LOMAR D (PC-02)
kg
6.3
6.3
6.3
6.3
WATER (PC-02)
kg
8.7
8.7
8.7
8.7
CARBOFURAN TECH
kg
15.75
15.75 15.75 15.75
OSPIRITSO 1643
kg
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
RED FR
kg
0.175
0.175 0.175 0.175
METHANOL
kg
31.6
31.6
31.6
HOT AIR
kg
TOTAL
kg 71.425 460.5 71.425 531.93 500.33
0

500 kg/jam
STREAM NUMBER
UNIT
PASIR VULKANIK
kg
460.5
THAISIL ND 6505
kg
8.75
LOMAR D (PC-02)
kg
6.3
WATER (PC-02)
kg
8.7
CARBOFURAN TECH
kg
15.75
OSPIRITSO 1643
kg
0.15
RED FR
kg
0.175
METHANOL
kg
31.6

Cp (cal/g.K)
0.19
1
1
1
1.5
1
1
0.604

Hv (cal/g)

262.5

63.2
63.2

31.6
31.6

Q (cal)
87.495
8.75
6.3
8.7
23.625
0.15
0.175
8314.0864

HOT AIR
TOTAL

kg
kg

531.93

8449.2814

PRODUCT

1.7389

Dryer untuk menghilangkan methanol dari umpan masuk.

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2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

500
STREAM NUMBER
PASIR VULKANIK
THAISIL ND 6505
LOMAR D (PC-02)
WATER (PC-02)
CARBOFURAN TECH
OSPIRITSO 1643
RED FR
METHANOL
HOT AIR
TOTAL

kg/jam
UNIT
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

460.5
8.75
6.3
8.7
15.75
0.15
0.175
31.6
531.93

Udara Ambient
Temp.
R.H.
Wet bulb temp.

30 C
70 %
25 C

Udara Panas
Temp.
R.H.
Wet bulb temp.

65 C
70 %
60.4488 C

Suhu Udara Keluar


NTU = ln ((Tin-Tw)/(Tout-Tw))
NTU = 1.5 - 2.5 (Badger, 508)
Diambil NTU =
Trial Tout =
NTU trial =
Tout =

140.81 F
86 F

0.02 lb water/lb dry air


0.249 BTU/lb.F
1.042512749 kJ/kgC

Total Heat = Air x Humid Heat x T


Air =
1724.577563 kg/hour

Hv (kJ/kg)

1125

Q (J)
11637988.09
1114197.714
802222.3541
1107830.87
3008333.828
19100.53224
22283.95428
37031760.4
54743717.75

1.5
61.45 C
1.514191654
61.45 C

Neraca Panas
Suhu produk keluar = suhu wet bulb udara panas
Tout =
60.4488 C
Tin =
30 C
Total heat =
Kebutuhan Udara Panas
Cs = humid heat of inlet air
Cs = 0,24 + 0,45.H
BTU/lb.F
Cs = 1,005 + 1,82.H
kJ/kg.C
H = humidity
Cs =

Cp (J/kg.C)
830
4182
4182
4182
6273
4182
4182
1540

1750 kg/hour
15907.73979 lb/hour
4850 lb/hour
Air density =
Air volume =
Maximum air velocity = Vu

1.0445 kg/m3
1675.442796 m3
7000 lb/hr.ft2
294.98077 kg/hr.m2

Total Air in Dryer


Ad = 2200 x ( 1 + 0.0165 x (2180/2200))
Ad =
1778.45553 kg/hour
5112.477707 lb/hour
Diameter Dryer
Luas Penampang Udara = S
S = Ad/Vu
S=

D = (4 x S / p)^0.5

Heat Transfer Coefficient


Ua = (15 x (Vu)^0.16 ) / D

6.029055826 m2
0.730353958 ft2
2.770080103 m
0.964127274 ft

13.45135158 kJ/hr.m3.C
64.14644261 BTU/hr.ft3.F

Panjang Dryer
Q = Ua x S x Ld x (T)
Ld =

22.16914159 m

Ld/D ratio = 3-10


Ld/D =

8.003068778

Q (J)
11637988.09
1114197.714
802222.3541
1107830.87
3008333.828
19100.53224
22283.95428
37031760.4

Q (kJ)
BTU
11637.98809 46152
1114.197714 4418.5
802.2223541 3181.3
1107.83087 4393.3
3008.333828 11930
19.10053224 75.746
22.28395428 88.371
37031.7604 146856

54743717.75

54743.71775 217095

Dryer untuk menghilangkan methanol dari umpan masuk.

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2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

500
STREAM NUMBER
PASIR VULKANIK
THAISIL ND 6505
LOMAR D (PC-02)
WATER (PC-02)
CARBOFURAN TECH
OSPIRITSO 1643
RED FR
METHANOL
HOT AIR
TOTAL

kg/jam
UNIT
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

460.5
8.75
6.3
8.7
15.75
0.15
0.175
31.6
531.93

Udara Ambient
Temp.
R.H.
Wet bulb temp.

30 C
70 %
25 C

Udara Panas
Temp.
R.H.
Wet bulb temp.

65 C
70 %
60.4488 C

Suhu Udara Keluar


NTU = ln ((Tin-Tw)/(Tout-Tw))
NTU = 1.5 - 2.5 (Badger, 508)
Diambil NTU =
Trial Tout =
NTU trial =
Tout =

1
65
61.45
14827.65919
1.127
13156.752
15000.0

kJ/kg.K
C
C
kg
kg/m3
m3
m3

Hv (kJ/kg)

1125

Q (J)
11637988.09
1114197.714
802222.3541
1107830.87
3008333.828
19100.53224
22283.95428
37031760.4
54743717.75

1.5
61.45 C
1.514191654
61.45 C

Neraca Panas
Suhu produk keluar = suhu wet bulb udara panas
Tout =
60.4488 C
Tin =
30 C
Total heat =
54743.71775
Kebutuhan Udara
Q = A x Cp x T
A = massa udara
Cp =
Tin =
Tout =
A=
Air density =
A=
Diambil volume udara =

Cp (J/kg.C)
830
4182
4182
4182
6273
4182
4182
1540

140.81 F
86 F

Maximum air velocity = Vu


Total Air in Dryer
Ad = 2 x ( 1 + 0.0165 x (1.827/2))
Ad =

7 kg/m2.s

15217.0864 m3/hour

Diameter Dryer
((4 x A)/(3600 x p x j x Vu))^(0.5)
D=
j=
0.85
D=
0.950875582 m
Diambil D =
1m
Volume Dryer
(t x M)/(H x produk)
V=
t=
produk =
M = massa produk =
H=
V=

1
1300
531.925
0.07
5.84532967

Panjang Dryer
(4 x V)/(p x D^2)
L=
L=
Diambil L =
Cek L/D 4-10

7.43951049 m
8m
8

hour
kg/m3
kg
m3

Volume Cooler Akhir


V = (p x D2 x L)/4
V=
Maks. Load Capacity

6.285714286 m3
6285.714286 L
974.2857143 L

6.2112 m/s

253.62 m3/min

4.227

Q (J)
11637988.09
1114197.714
802222.3541
1107830.87
3008333.828
19100.53224
22283.95428
37031760.4

Q (kJ)
BTU
11637.98809 46152
1114.197714 4418.5
802.2223541 3181.3
1107.83087 4393.3
3008.333828 11930
19.10053224 75.746
22.28395428 88.371
37031.7604 146856

54743717.75

54743.71775 217095

m3/s

Cooler untuk menurunkan suhu produk.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

500
STREAM NUMBER
PASIR VULKANIK
THAISIL ND 6505
LOMAR D (PC-02)
WATER (PC-02)
CARBOFURAN TECH
OSPIRITSO 1643
RED FR
METHANOL
HOT AIR
TOTAL

Udara Ambient
Temp.
R.H.
Wet bulb temp.

kg/jam
UNIT
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

460.5
8.75
6.3
8.7
15.75
0.15
0.175

500.33

Maximum air velocity = Vu


Total Air in Cooler
Ad = 2 x ( 1 + 0.0165 x (1.541/2))
Ad =

Diameter Dryer
Luas Penampang Udara = S
S = Ad/Vu
S=

1,005
30
40
1.736407164
1.127
1.541
2.0

kJ/kg.K
C
C
kg
kg/m3
m3
m3

45 lb/hr.ft2
1.89630495 kg/hr.m2

2.02542211 m3/hour

1.068088817 m2

Hv (kJ/kg)

Q (J)
11466450
1097775
790398
1091502
2963992.5
18819
21955.5
0
17450892

30 C
70 %
25 C

Neraca Panas
Suhu produk keluar = suhu udara masuk
Tout =
30 C
Tin =
60 C
Total heat =
17450.892 kJ
Kebutuhan Udara
Q = A x Cp x T
A = massa udara
Cp =
Tin =
Tout =
A=
Air density =
A=
Diambil volume udara =

Cp (J/kg.C)
830
4182
4182
4182
6273
4182
4182
1540

86 F
140 F

D = (4 x S / p)^0.5

1.165926999 m

Heat Transfer Coefficient


Ua = (15 x (Vu)^0.16 ) / D

14.25230831 kJ/hr.m3.C

Panjang Cooler
Q = Ua x S x Ld x (T)
Ld =

38.21235464 m

Ld/D ratio = 3-10


Ld/D =

32.77422573

Q (J)
11466450
1097775
790398
1091502
2963992.5
18819
21955.5
0

Q (kJ)
11466.45
1097.775
790.398
1091.502
2963.9925
18.819
21.9555
0

BTU
45472
4353.4
3134.5
4328.5
11754
74.63
87.068
0

17450892

17450.892

69204

Cooler untuk menurunkan suhu produk.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

500
STREAM NUMBER
PASIR VULKANIK
THAISIL ND 6505
LOMAR D (PC-02)
WATER (PC-02)
CARBOFURAN TECH
OSPIRITSO 1643
RED FR
METHANOL
HOT AIR
TOTAL

Udara Ambient
Temp.
R.H.
Wet bulb temp.

kg/jam
UNIT
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

460.5
8.75
6.3
8.7
15.75
0.15
0.175

500.33

Maximum air velocity = Vu


Total Air in Cooler
Ad = A' x ( 1 + 0.0165 x (A/A'))
Ad =

1,005
30
35
3.472814328
1.127
3.081
3.50

kJ/kg.K
C
C
kg
kg/m3
m3
m3

0.0028 kg/m2.s

3.55084422 m3/hour

Diameter Cooler
((4 x A)/(3600 x p x j x Vu))^(0.5)
D=
j=
0.85
D=
0.726262727 m
Diambil D =
0.75 m

Hv (kJ/kg)

Q (J)
11466450
1097775
790398
1091502
2963992.5
18819
21955.5
0
17450892

30 C
70 %
25 C

Neraca Panas
Suhu produk keluar = suhu udara masuk
Tout =
30 C
Tin =
60 C
Total heat =
17450.892 kJ
Kebutuhan Udara
Q = A x Cp x T
A = massa udara
Cp =
Tin =
Tout =
A=
Air density =
A=
Diambil volume udara = A' =

Cp (J/kg.C)
830
4182
4182
4182
6273
4182
4182
1540

86 F
140 F

Volume Cooler
(t x M)/(H x produk)
V=
t=
produk =
M = massa produk =
H=
V=

0.5
1300
500.325
0.07
2.749038462

Panjang Cooler
(4 x V)/(p x D^2)
L=
L=
Diambil L =
Cek L/D 4-10

6.22004662 m
6.5 m
8.666666667

hour
kg/m3
kg
m3

Volume Cooler Akhir


V = (p x D2 x L)/4
V=

2.872767857 m3

Q (J)
11466450
1097775
790398
1091502
2963992.5
18819
21955.5
0

Q (kJ)
11466.45
1097.775
790.398
1091.502
2963.9925
18.819
21.9555
0

BTU
45472
4353.4
3134.5
4328.5
11754
74.63
87.068
0

17450892

17450.892

69204

Cooler untuk menurunkan suhu produk.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

1000
STREAM NUMBER
PASIR VULKANIK
THAISIL ND 6505
LOMAR D (PC-02)
WATER (PC-02)
CARBOFURAN TECH
OSPIRITSO 1643
RED FR
METHANOL
HOT AIR
TOTAL

Udara Ambient
Temp.
R.H.
Wet bulb temp.

kg/jam
UNIT
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

921
17.5
12.6
17.4
31.5
0.3
0.35

1000.7

Maximum air velocity = Vu


Total Air in Cooler
Ad = A' x ( 1 + 0.0165 x (A/A'))
Ad =

1,005
30
35
6.945628657
1.127
6.163
6.50

kJ/kg.K
C
C
kg
kg/m3
m3
m3

0.0028 kg/m2.s

6.601688441 m3/hour

Diameter Cooler
((4 x A)/(3600 x p x j x Vu))^(0.5)
D=
j=
0.85
D=
0.990274187 m
Diambil D =
1m

Hv (kJ/kg)

Q (J)
22932900
2195550
1580796
2183004
5927985
37638
43911
0
34901784

30 C
70 %
25 C

Neraca Panas
Suhu produk keluar = suhu udara masuk
Tout =
30 C
Tin =
60 C
Total heat =
34901.784 kJ
Kebutuhan Udara
Q = A x Cp x T
A = massa udara
Cp =
Tin =
Tout =
A=
Air density =
A=
Diambil volume udara = A' =

Cp (J/kg.C)
830
4182
4182
4182
6273
4182
4182
1540

86 F
140 F

Volume Cooler
(t x M)/(H x produk)
V=
t=
produk =
M = massa produk =
H=
V=

0.5
1300
1000.65
0.07
5.498076923

Panjang Cooler
(4 x V)/(p x D^2)
L=
L=
Diambil L =
Cek L/D 4-10

6.997552448 m
7m
7

hour
kg/m3
kg
m3

Volume Cooler Akhir


V = (p x D2 x L)/4
V=

5.5 m3

Q (J)
22932900
2195550
1580796
2183004
5927985
37638
43911
0

Q (kJ)
22932.9
2195.55
1580.796
2183.004
5927.985
37.638
43.911
0

BTU
90944
8706.8
6268.9
8657.1
23508
149.26
174.14
0

34901784

34901.784

138409

Mountain View Technologies, Inc.


Snowmaking Calculation for Wet Bulb Temperature

Insert Temperature and Relative Humidity value into


appropriate block under parameter & enter .
Fahrenheit Calculation
Temp (F)
RH (%)
21.2

50

Wet Bulb (F)


17.5

-6
Centigrade Calculation
Temp (C)
RH (%)
65.0

70

Wet Bulb (C)


60.4