placing questions on the public agenda and expressing reasons for one outcome over the other of citizens. having equal right to take part in political process.equal opportunities of preferences.judgments of citizens are equal 3) Enlightened understanding.equal and enough possibilities to discover the best choice for their interest. 4) Control of the agenda. 2) Voting equality at the decisive stage. .people decide political matters and choices 5) Inclusiveness-all citizens in the state.NORMATIVE THEORY OF DEMOCRACY Following criteria is needed for ideal Democracy: 1) Effective participation.

2) Majority Rule as a Necessary Consequence of Reasonable Requirements 4 criteria for accepting majority rule: 1) rule is decisive. 2) no favor of one vote against another 3) no favor of one alternative over another 4) decision rule should be positively responsive 3) More Likely to Produce Correct Decisions As voters quantity rises.FOUR JUSTIFICATIONS FOR MAJORITY RULE 1) Maximizing Self-Determination Better to choose what majority wants.(condorcet) 4) Maximizing Utility overall benefit . the probability of good choice increases .

groups seeking to reach a consensus may fall victim to environment that is conducive to healthy discourse. Majority .a quicker decision-making process. . Consensus . Consensus . Majority . including minorities. Majority – leave minority out of the decision-making process.MAJORITARIAN VS CONSENSUS DEMOCRACY Consensus . Majority .participation from all group members.not a collective agreement. Majority .all group members to be invested in the chosen outcome.not required the same level of interaction and anonymous choice.

DISCUSSION QUESTION Who rules majority or consensus democracy? .

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