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ADVANCED CALCULUS
New Edition
A COURSE ARRANGED WITH SPECIAL REFER-
ENCE TO THE NEEDS OF STUDENTS
OF APPLIED MATHEMATICS
BY
FREDERICK S. WOODS
PROFESSOR OF MATHEMATICS IN THE MASSACHUSETTS
INSTITUTE OF T?.cHNOLOGY
APREFACE
The course in advanced calculus contained in this book has for
many years been given by the author to students in the Massa-
chusetts Institute of Technology. The choice of the subject matter
and the arrangement of the material are the result of the expe-
rience thus gained. The students to whom the course has been
given have been chiefly interested in the applications of the calculus
and have felt the need of a more extensive knowledge than that
gained in the elementary courses, but they have not been prima-
rily concerned with theoretical questions. Hence there is no
attempt to make this course one in analysis. However, some
knowledge of theory is certainly necessary if correct use is to be
made.of the science; therefore the author has endeavored to ii
jtroduce the students to theoretical questions and possibly to incite
in some a desire for more thorough study. As an example of the
method used, a proof of the existence of the definite integral in one
variable has been given; for the multiple integral the proof has
been omitted and simply the result stated. The student who has
mastered the simpler case is in a position to read the more difficult
case in easily accessible texts.
existence proofs have also been given for the simpler cases of
implicit functions and of differential equations. In these proofs
the author has preferred to make the assumption that the func-
tions involved ‘may be expanded into Taylor series. This, of
course, restricts the‘proof ; but the somewhat immature student
gets a clearer idea of the meaning of the theorems when he sees
an actual series as the solution. The more abstract concept of
a function may well come later. Furthermore, the student is
likely to apply his results only to functions which can be expanded
into series.
* Because of this constant use of the power scries that subject is
taken up ‘irst, after certain introductory matter. Here again, fol-
lowing the line of simplicity, the author has not discussed series in
general. The gain in concreteness for the student justifies this, but
the teacher who desires to discuss series of a more general type
may do so with the aid of the exercises given for the student.
iiiPREFACE
The Fourier series are introduced later as tools for solving certain
partial differential equations, but no attempt has been made to
develop their theory. 4
The subjects treated in the book may be, most easily seen by
examining the table of contents. Experience has shown that the
book may be covered in a year’s course.
FREDERICK S. WOODS
Nore ror THE 1922 PrinttNG. In this impression of the book certain improvements
have been made. In particular, Osgood’s theorem has been inserted in Chapter I, the
discussion of uniform convergence in Chapter IT has been improved, and the treatment
of the plane in Chapter V has been changed.
PREFACE TO THE NEW EDITION
In this edition additional exercises have been inserted at the
end of most chapters. Also, in Chapter VI, certain proofs have
been made more rigorous; namely, that for the existence of the”
definite integral and that for the possibility of differentiating under
the integral sign a definite integral with upper limit infinity. Al)
the typégraphical errors that have been discovered have been
corrected.
FREDERICK 8S. WOODS

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