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Who coined the term "cyberspace?" ANSWER: William Gibson 3. For educational purposes, who is the person who first disco ered! in ented the telephone? ANSWER: Antonio Meucci ". What is the fre#uency of the middle $? ANSWER: 262 Hz %. What is the fre#uency of the upper side! abo e middle $? ANSWER: 524 Hz &. It is the loudness le el 'in ()*+, of a watch tic-ing. ANSWER: 20 PHON .. What is the ma/imum limit time of e/posure on sound le els between 100 d1 and 110 d1? ANSWER: 2 minutes 2. What is the collo#uial name for the t 3rm "4hin 5thernet"? ANSWER: !"ea e#net 6. 7ocal 8ultipoint 9istribution :er ice '789:, operates at what fre#uency range? ANSWER: 2$ % &' GHz
10. ; ideo signal that has no sync signal is what you called ANSWER: Non%com osite (i)eo Si*nal 11. It is the gas that is used in <et engines. ANSWER: H+)#azine 12. ; satellite is put into final geosynchronous orbit from its transfer orbit by firing the ==========. ANSWER: a o*ee ,ic, moto# 13. ; terrestrial communications channel lin-ing an earth station to a local switching networ- or population center ANSWER: -ac,"aul 1". (olytetrafluoroethylene is also -nown as ANSWER: .e/lon 1%. For ::1 transmitter, the a erage power is typically ========== of the pea- en elope power, with a typical human speech ANSWER: 0 to '1& 1&. It is often called te/t messaging, is a means of sending short messages to and from mobile phones. ANSWER: ."e S"o#t Messa*e Se#2ice 3SMS4 1.. +orth ;merican type of sound file as a substitute for 8(3 ANSWER: A!%& 5olb+
12. ; table showing the pre>calculated position of satellite at any gi en time ANSWER: E "eme#is 16. )ow many )ori?ontal scanning lines are there in )94@? ANSWER: ''25 20. )ow long that a completes its orbit? ANSWER: '2 "#s A(: satellite
21. What is the other term for parity chec-? ANSWER: (e#tical Re)un)anc+ !"ec, 22. What is the other name for single button microphone? ANSWER: !a#bon -utton 23. Instrument that is used in measuring the irtual height of ionosphere ANSWER: 6onoson)e 2". ;n instrument used to relati e height, layers ionosphere regarding propagation? ANSWER: 6onoson)e measure in the wa e
2%. In a trape?oid modulation, 1003 modulation will result to what wa eform? ANSWER: t#ian*ula# 7a2e/o#m
if the total ia net loss of a gi en trun. ..1%. 4his also refers to ANSWER: WiMa: "". In $84:. Cadio format that uses 8peg " ideo compression ANSWER: 5i2: "1. ANSWER: metal /ilm "3. What is the antenna height of a $1 '$iti?en 1and. submarines. $arrier fre# is also -nown as ANSWER: #est /#e9 31. camera tube that is formed from lead o/ide '(b*. What antenna is used in radar? ANSWER: "o#n 7it" a#abolic #e/lecto# 7"ic" #otates &60 )e*#ee 32. a standard for '1W. In 2002. radio? ANSWER: 60 /t abo2e t"e *#oun) an) 20 abo2e t"e buil)in* 3%. What do you call this bigger satellite ANSWER: initial a+loa) 3. 4ype of resistor use to reduced flic-er noise oltage '0. What is the successor of 1luetooth? ANSWER: 8isbon 26. What part of isible spectrum where camera pic. ANSWER: Plumbicon "2. In a telephone channel. roc-et has two satellites. ANSWER: Ec"o Su #esso# %0.2&. What is the distance which needs a repeater in the microwa e communication ANSWER: 40 . What is the nearest star in the solar system ANSWER: #o:ima centau#i 3&. What is the successor of 1luetooth after 7isbon? ANSWER: Seattle 30. 4he current digital ideo specification that used ideo compression ANSWER: MPEG 4 "%. the smaller will continue to propel in the space after the bigger satellite has been launched. ANSWER: 50 "0. a de ice -nown as =========== is inserted. the fre#uency separation between forward and re erse channel is ANSWER: 45 MHz R-LAX_2008 . 202.< "2.1&. ANSWER: 6ne#tial Na2i*ation S+stem 22.m 36. 1roadband Wireless . What is the typical alue of elocity factor of an open wire transmission line? ANSWER: 0.2 m@.up that has the greatest output? ANSWER: >ello7 G#een "6.. 4errestrial microwa e antennas has an input and output impedance of ======== ohms." also -nown as ANSWER: =i*bee "&. spacecraft and guided missiles.circuits e/ceeds appro/imately 2. located further from the earthDs center on a point? ANSWER: Na)i# ". . What refers to the sampling of analog signal using a sample and hold circuit. What type of na igation system that currently used in aircraft. such that the sample has the same amplitude for its whole duration ANSWER: /lat to sam le 3".ccess was introduced and in the I555 standard it is more commonly -nown as 202.02 to 0.% d1. In radio communication. the light in the fiber optics is in what direction ANSWER: alon* t"e no#mal at" 33.. When the angle of incidence is e#ual to the angle of refraction. It is the type of na igation that is based in +ewtonBs 7aw of motion ANSWER: 6ne#tial Na2i*ation 2. Who de eloped the superheterodyne recei er ANSWER: E)7in A#mst#on* 32.. what is the point on a line between the earthDs center and an obser er.
%%.. measured over one decade of frequency: . $ommunication antenna used with rotating satellite which the antenna is continuously ad<usted with respect to the satellite so that the antenna illuminates a certain part of the earth surface. What is the orbital time of 85* satellite? ANSWER: 5 to '2 "#s &%. *ne bit time for the pseudorandom code is called a ANSWER: c"i &6. ANSWER: R' &". What is the last amplifier stage of ============== amplifier? ANSWER: o7e# am li/ie# .1.< %6. . What formula is used to calculate the o erall noise performance if recei er or of multiple state of CF amplification? ANSWER: ?#iis ?o#mula %3. . loss of radio contact in an occasion. What is the typical alue of elocity factor of a twin lead transmission line? ANSWER: 0. )elical antennas are often used for satellite trac-ing at @)F because of the ANSWER: ?a#a)a+ e//ect %2. given as RMS microvolts per volt applied across the resistor. Is the process by which a permanent. loss of radio contact for tens of minutes ANSWER: R2 &3.''b %".@ %2. for carbon resistor? ANSWER: 0. the signal modulates a carrier that is linearly swept o er the band being used ANSWER: c"i# &2. 4he typical e/cess noise 'flic-er noise. low>loss. Cadio blac-out on the entire sunlit side of the 5arth lasting for a number of hours ANSWER: R5 &0.n acoustic scale whose inter als are e/actly consonant ANSWER: )iatonic %. :e ere )F radio communications blac-out occurs mostly on the sunlit side of 5arth for one to two hours ANSWER: R4 &1. In ol es many different approaches for bringing the two ends of the fibers into alignment and then clamping them within a <ointing structure or gluing them together========== ANSWER: mec"anical s licin* &. )igh definition 4@ picture contains about 5 times as much info as the present +4:$ 4@. What is the typical alue of elocity factor of a open wire transmission line? ANSWER: 0. wide area blac-out of )F radio communication as well as loss of radio contact for about an hour on the sunlit side of 5arth. ANSWER: 5es un antenna %&.0.'A( to &. 8oderate limited blac-out of )F radio communications on sunlit side occur ..%1. submarine at greater depth can deploy a ============== about 2.0 A( R-LAX_2008 . high strength. What is I555 standard for WiFi? ANSWER: @02. welded <oint is formed between two optical fibers? ANSWER: /usion s licin* &&.000 feet long. 7imited blac-out of )F radio communications on sunlit side occur. ANSWER: R& &2. With this method. but 200 feet of it must float on the surface for proper reception ANSWER: t#ailin* 7i#e antenna Here is a listing of typical excess noise for various resistor types. .
What is the oltage of the local loop on hoo-? ANSWER: %4@ ()c 2.&. 4he typical e/cess noise 'flic-er noise.02 A( to 0. 8agic 4 is also -nown as ANSWER: "+b#i) ..up wire that pro ides small capacitance to the ground that is ad<usted during circuit alignment by bending slightly in one direction or another. In a propagation medium such in the glass of an optical fiber ======= is the scattering of the electromagnetic wa e by particles with the si?e about e#ual or greater than the wa elength ANSWER: M6E scatte#in* 22. 20. . 1it stuffing in the )97$ protocol wor-s by transmitting on the sending side fi e consecuti e 1Bs from the body of the message and by inserting 0 before transmitting the ne/t bit.away from the gra itational pull of the earth and go out in deep space ANSWER: s ace #obe 2&.itanic R-LAX_2008 . Cadiation e/posure rates produced by a 4@ recei er shall e/ceed =========== milli roentgens per hour at a distance of % cm from any point on e/ternal surface of the recei er ANSWER: 0. What is considered as the simplest transmitter -eyed on and off to produce $W 8orse code? ANSWER: oscillato# 61. ANSWER: *immic.05 A( to 0. What may cause ionic disturbance characteri?ed by rapid cluttering sound hence oice communication is poor? ANSWER: Au#o#a bo#ealis 63.2. 4he mandatory 2" ship>to>shore communications from 1610 to 1612 was the establishment by the E: Areat 1ritain and other maritime nation as the direct result of the sin-ing of the 2 famous ships ANSWER: . 4he typical e/cess noise 'flic-er noise.6. for wire>wound resistor? ANSWER: 0. 4he ma/imum radiation for electronic e#uipment must not e/ceed ============ mr!weeANSWER: '00 21. 59A5 produces a 3>bit word for e ery c"an*e in ca##ie# "ase . In color $C4."e Re ublic an) .& A( . for metal film resistor? ANSWER: 0. 4he critical capacitance ariation of most aractors used in fre#uency modulators ANSWER: '2 to ' 2%. .5 22. for carbon film resistor? ANSWER: 0. what refers to ad<ustment of the three electron beam so that each lens can phosphor dots on the appropriate color? ANSWER: u#it+ 60. What 759 is usual signal source for plastic fiber? ANSWER: #e) 8E5 26.".2. If the satellite is launched at the speed of e/ceeding 2%000 mph the satellite will not go in orbit and will brea.2 A( ... )ow many orbital planes which are e#ually spaced around the e#uator in A(: operational constellation? ANSWER: 6 62.3. .0' A( to 0. :tandard signal format of a numeric paging recei er ANSWER: NE! 5& stan)a#) 2". What e/presses the steepness of the s-irts or the s-irts selecti ity of a radio recei er? ANSWER: s"a e /acto# 23.. 4he typical e/cess noise 'flic-er noise.%. few centimeters long solid insulated hoo.2A( . It is the satellite component that senses the time or the incidence angle of solar radiation and pro ides electrical signal that may be used to compute the satellite orientation? ANSWER: sun senso# .
9ielectric constant polyethylene insulator ANSWER: 2.6".. What is the signal called? ANSWER: Rin*bac. What is the typical alue of line turn around? ANSWER: '. 4erm used to describe ordinary oice telephony ANSWER: Plain Ol) . the result will be ==========.. What is the code used in 100 8bps 4/ 5thernet standard? ANSWER: & le2el Manc"este# co)e 101. :hifting of antenna pattern so that the ma<or lobe is at angle below the hori?ontal ANSWER: )o7n tilt 10&. if the 3. What is the appro/imate fre#uency of 5 layer? ANSWER: 4 MHz 62. . When the called telephone is ringing . I+ analog cellular system.5 ms 11%. 4ime period for a single time slot in the A:8 498. In $. Candom data sent continuously by the +I$ that disrupts the whole area networANSWER: Dabbe# 10%.%2 8h? $ amplifier in the recei er does not operate.. the interfering signal strength remains appro/imately less than == of desired signal strength to assure negligible interference ANSWER: 2C 6.4@ system. ANSWER: '00m 100.ele "one Se#2ice 3PO. Aeographic distance that is re#uired between cells used in identical fre#uencies in order to a oid interference between the radio transmission of these cells ANSWER: 5istance to #euse #ation 51R 10". 4he first note of the musical scale ANSWER: Root note 106. )ow many hori?ontal lines are blan-ed out in the frame of 4@ recei ers by @ blan-ing ANSWER: 42 critical 66.2$ of 111. ANSWER: 2oice 11. $ell site center that is mounted on a flat bed tractor used for emergency purposes ANSWER: !OW 103. In 4@ system. si*nal 6%. F3 emission means carrier is fre#uency modulated by ==========. What is the appro/imate fre#uency of F 2layer? ANSWER: @ M"z critical 102. 4he 10 base 4 5thernet system is restricted only to ==========.$ oltage to the calling telephone. What is the main accelerating element in $C4? ANSWER: Blto# 6&. structure ANSWER: @ 102.llows users to access documents from widely separated sources of the internet using a common source ANSWER: Wo#l) Wi)e Web 11". what is the output CF terminal match? ANSWER: '6 )- R-LAX_2008 . (rincipal musical inter als is considered dissonant ANSWER: $:@ 10. )ow much more feedpoint F does a folded dipole ha e than a normal dipole? ANSWER: 4 times 112.S4 110. the $entral *ffice sends a pulse . Which pulse in the @ blan-ing corresponds to 3) lines wide? ANSWER: ( s+nc 11&. ANSWER: No colo# 113.
What is the currently used internet protocol? ANSWER: 6P24 132.7 ANSWER: 50 Hz 120. 133. What is the hori?ontal :(: (redictable .. ((: (redictable . . la+e# on what ANSWER: 6P26 12&. What is the measuring light that is human eye? ANSWER: P"otomet#+ science of isible to the 121. of a A(: positioning ser ice.. In the I84 2000 system standard. What is the ertical :(: (redictable . what is the pleasant combination of sound inter als? ANSWER: !onsonant 6nte#2al 13. 4his internet protocol has much larger address space that allows greater fle/ibility in assigning addresses and is able to support 122 bit of addresses. In (recise (ositioning :er ice '((:. of a A(: positioning ser icel What is the ertical ((: (redictable .ccuracy? ANSWER: 22 mete#s 122. what is the unpleasant combination of sound inter als? ANSWER: 5isco#)ant 6nte#2al 132. In acoustics. of a A(: positioning ser ice. three>minute music file that is compressed into W.$ me4e#s 123. Cefers to any sonic. what does "2000" mean? ANSWER: bot" means t"e +ea# t"at t"e s+stem is im lemente) an) its a #o:imate /#e9uenc+ assi*nment 130.ccuracy? ANSWER: &40 nanosecon)s 12. What is the typical beamwidth of horn antenna? ANSWER: '0 )e*#ees to 60 )e*#ees 13&. 1I:G+$ is found layer? ANSWER: 5ata lin.ccuracy? ANSWER: '56 mete#s R-LAX_2008 . infrasonic or ultrasonic wa e which is emitted form electronic product as a result of the operation of an electronic circuit in such product ANSWER: Ra)iation 136.@ format will ha e a file si?e of ANSWER: &0 Mb 126.ccuracy? ANSWER: 200 nanosecon)s 12". What is the hori?ontal ((: (redictable . What is the refresh rate in (. of a A(: positioning ser ice. It is a table showing the pre> calculated position of satellite at any gi en time ANSWER: E "eme#is 131. :(: (redictable . In acoustics.ccuracy? ANSWER: '00 mete#s 12%. three>minute music file that is compressed into 8(3 format will ha e a file si?e of ANSWER: & Mb 122. What is the time 'E4:. What is the time 'E4:. of a A(: positioning ser ice. typically how many cells in the fre#uency reuse plan format? ANSWER: $ 13%.ccuracy? ANSWER: 2$. of a A(: positioning ser ice. In cellular system. Which one is a non>continuous noise? ANSWER: 6m ulse noise 116. In :tandard (ositioning :er ice ':(:. In :tandard (ositioning :er ice ':(:.112. What helps protect fiber against degration caused by moisture? ANSWER: !ablin* 13". In (recise (ositioning :er ice '((:. In :tandard (ositioning :er ice ':(:. . In (recise (ositioning :er ice '((:.
ANSWER: Hea) En) 1%2. ."#ou*" 1%2. What is the typical bandwidth of single mode step inde/ fiber ANSWER: 50 to '00 G"z1.2 mic#oam e#e 1"1. It is a de ice used to measure an indi idualBs e/posure to a ha?ardous en ironment ANSWER: 5osimete# 1%.o# less 1"3. What is the typical range of idicon dar. $able 4@ companies collect signals and programs from many sources in a facility called ==========. 4he typical transmit power for cellsite is ANSWER: '0 W to 50 W 1%6. 4he elocity of geostationary orbit satellite is ANSWER: 6@$< statute miles e# "ou# 1%1. system where cables and wires are placed within the ceiling space and po-ed up through the fire resistant floor structure to the office or room abo e ANSWER: Po. located farther from the earth center than point? ANSWER: Na)i# 1%0.35 transmitter? ANSWER: '2W PEP 1%". . If mobile phone loses its signal. )ow far must the distance between the microphone and the mouth of the user? ANSWER: 2 inc"es 1%&.. )94@ is in rectangular form and contains =========== times more information than the current 4@. . CF radiation damage to cells of reproducti e tissues ANSWER: Genetic 1". What is the typical noise figure of F54 and 85:F54 used at microwa e fre#uency? ANSWER: 2 ). CF radiation dmage to other than the cells of reproducti e tissues ANSWER: Somatic 1"2. In radio communication.. between the earthBs center and an obser er. what do you call a point on a line. What do you call the portion of the hori?ontal blan-ing pulse before the sync pulse? ANSWER: ?#ont Po#c" 1"%. Why does a high H circuit discriminate against harmonics? ANSWER: because o/ u#e# sine 7a2e ac 1"". R-LAX_2008 . . What is the ma/imum power rating of $1 '$iti?ens 1and. signaling path pro ided by a cable tele ision system to deli er to subscriber terminals tele ision signals that are intended for reception by a tele ision broadcast recei er without the use of an au/iliary decoding de ice and which signals are not in ol ed in broadcast transmission path.current? ANSWER: 0. I35 transmitter? ANSWER: 4W 1%3. the transmitter will retransmit after ANSWER: ' to 5 secon)s 1%%. ANSWER: 5 1"6.1"0. What is the ma/imum power rating of $1 '$iti?ens 1and. signaling path pro ided by a cable tele ision system to relay to subscriber terminals tele ision broadcast programs that are recei ed off>the>air or are obtained by microwa e or by direct connection to a tele ision broadcast station.ele2ision !"annel 1&1.e .m 1"&. What might be the typical range of mobile>to>mobile? ANSWER: ' to '0 miles 1"2. What is the effecti e height of the antenna? ANSWER: '12 to 21& o/ t"e actual "ei*"t o/ t"e antenna 1&0. ANSWER: !lass 6 !able .
What is the total noise in the absence of the information 'intelligent signal. . ANSWER: t"e b#i*"tness o/ t"e colo# R-LAX_2008 . what is the elocity of sound in steel? ANSWER: 5'50 m1s 1.6.ele2ision !"annel 1&3. . What increase in sound le el is commonly percei ed by most people? ANSWER: 6 to '0 )123. Which of the following identifies the ma/imum transmitted power le el of a mobile phone? ANSWER: Station !lass Ma#.". and fre#uency 'in h?.2. Which of the following is the last stage of the . What is the pea. reasoning.ele2ision !"annel 1&2. ANSWER: $0C 121. :ound pro ides all sorts of information. In the generator. ANSWER: !lass 6( !able . What is the wa elength range of sunlight? ANSWER: &00 nm to 2000 nm 1. 3S!M4 1&%.ANSWER: !lass 66 !able .2. Why tropospheric ducting is not used ery much in practical communication system ANSWER: because it is not #eliable 1&&. are numerically e#ual? ANSWER: 40 )- 1.%.t what loudness le el do pitch 'in mels.1.. 3A wireless system can increase its networ. ANSWER: -ac.ntennas with microstrip ($1s ANSWER: Patc" antenna in 1. memory.0. what information is related to mental processes of -nowledge.? ANSWER: 2. What is the data enhanced 1luetooth '2..wa elength of sunlight? ANSWER: 500 nm 1.&.3. Cadio system that was de eloped to pro ide ng high speed pac-et data access for A:8 networANSWER: GPRS 120. . What is the efficiency of the parabolic antenna? ANSWER: 55C 1&2. ANSWER: &2 1. . assigned at the factory of cellular mobile phone consists of ====== bits.0.%2 8)? modulated chrominance signal in 4@ recei ers is ==========. 4he a erage oltage of a 3. What is the ma/imum @F tone that may be fed to a oice signal? ANSWER: E6 (B 1.*#oun) noise 1&6.' MHz rate of 1. which one is grounded in order to reduce the radio fre#uency noise? ANSWER: a#matu#e 1.8 transmitter? ANSWER: PA 3Po7e# Am li/ie#4 1&. In one atmospheric pressure. 4he electronic serial number '5:+. <udgement and perception? ANSWER: co*niti2e 122.capacity by =========== percent as compared to lower generation wireless system. ANSWER: !lass 666 !able .. . What is the typical power rating of most 1luetooth de ices? ANSWER: 'mW 1.ele2ision !"annel 1&". signaling path pro ided by a cable tele ision system to transmit signals of any type from a subscriber terminal to another point in the cable tele ision system. signaling path pro ided by a cable tele ision system to deli er to subscriber terminal signals that are intended for reception by e#uipment other than a tele ision broadcast recei er only when used with au/iliary e#uipment.
It is a circuit for digiti?ing oice at a low data rate by using -nowledge of the way in which oice sound are produced. ANSWER: S65 3s+stem i)enti/ication numbe#4 163. ANSWER: -unc"e# 16". In a 8edium earth orbit '85*.m 16%. It is a collo#uial term used to describe additional side fre#uency produced by o ermodulation or distortion in an . It is the method of pro iding high>speed data transmission on twisted>pair telephone lopps by using high fre#uency carriers. . It is a number that identifies a mobile phone in a cellular systemJ the mobile telephone number. It is the change in direction of polari?ation of signals passing through the ionosphere. ANSWER: As+mmet#ical )i*ital subsc#ibe# line 3A5S84. by cellular radio or ($:. ANSWER: S"o#t messa*in* se#2ice 126. ANSWER: (oco)e# 201. In a -lystron.8(: system. 4his fi/ tuner is designed to pro ide <ust the e/act selecti ity re#uired to pass both the IF signals? ANSWER: SAW 3Su#/ace Acoustic Wa2e4 12&. . a number transmitted by the base station to identify the system operator.unin* sc#e7 16. It is a uni#ue address for a pager ANSWER: !a co)e 122. to be used on the system. so that 200. It is an oscillator whose fre#uency is controlled by a binary number written to an internal register. 3S!M4 the electron beam and the wa e mo e at appro/imately the same speed ANSWER: Slo7%7a2e st#uctu#e 162. ========== is essentially a cell site 'shelter. 166. satellite. it is a ca ity that elocity>modulates the electron beam. ANSWER: Mobile i)enti/ication numbe# 3M6N4 161. $ode which describes the ma/imum power output of a cellular phone ANSWER: Station !lass Ma#. ANSWER: . ANSWER: ?a#a)a+ #otation 16&. In a microwa e tube. metal ob<ect threaded into a wa eguide to add capacitance or inductance. ANSWER: Solitons 12.8 system ANSWER: S latte# 203. :ingle pulses that can tra el through a medium with no dispersion. satellite in orbit at a distance abo e the earthDs surface of appro/imately ANSWER: @F000 to 20F000 . signal consisting of two audio fre#uencies not harmonically related.7o tone test R-LAX_2008 . . a memory location that stores the telephone number's. 4ransmission of brief te/t message.12".. such as pages or email. ANSWER: Numbe# assi*nment mo)ule 3NAM4 162. any de ice that cause a wa e to propagate at less than the speed of light.. used to test single sideband transmitters ANSWER: . ANSWER: Nume#icall+ cont#olle) oscillato# 202. connecting a mobile to two or more base stations simultaneously is called ANSWER: So/t "an)%o// 160. that is mounted on a flatbed tractor>trailer used for emergency purposes ANSWER: !OW 12%. In the . In cellular phone. . In cellular or ($: system.
Why are geostationary satellites unsatisfactory for communication from regions near the poles of the earth? ANSWER: . What is the main ad antage of fiber optics in 7. 4hey use fre#uencies ANSWER: bet7een c"annel 6 an) $ an) abo2e c"annel '& 20&. Why is antenna height important for line>of>sight propagation? ANSWER: G#eate# antenna "ei*"t inc#eases t"e )istance to t"e #a)io "o#izon 21". What feature of :*+54 allows data stream with different cloc. What radio system was de eloped to pro ide high speed pac-et data access for the A:8 channels ANSWER: GPRS 21.+s compared to twisted pair wiring? ANSWER: ?ibe# allo7s /o# muc" lon*e# )istances bet7een no)es t"at can be use) 7it" t7iste) ai#s.. It is a low>le el signal in a telephone recei er deri ing from the transmitter in the same instrument. Why is a :mith chart circular? ANSWER: -ecause it is a con2enient 7a+ to #e #esent t"e /act t"at im e)ances on a t#ansmission line #e eat e2e#+ one% "al/ 7a2elen*t" 202. 21%. R-LAX_2008 20. What characteristic of solitons ma-es them interesting for long> distance fiber optic transmission? ANSWER: Solitons can #o a*ate /o# 2e#+ lon* )istance 7it"out )is e#sion 206. 21&. What would be the most important ad antage of con erting the . 6t can be use) to #e)uce t"e #an*e o/ a base station to #e)uce inte#/e#ence. including local loop.ele)esic S+stem 212. 4he most ambitious of the proposed 75* systems. systems? ANSWER: -ecause t"ese s+stems use )i//e#ent /#e9uenc+ c"annels in a)Gacent cells so it is not ossible to communicate t"#ou*" mo#e t"an one call site at a time 216. to the fiber optics? ANSWER: ?ibe# 7oul) allo7 almost unlimite) ban)7i)t"F enablin* one cable to ca##+ all nee)e) in/o#mation se#2ices to t"e "ome 210.20". What is downtilt and why is it often used for cellular base stations? ANSWER: 5o7ntilt in2ol2es s"i/tin* an antenna atte#n so t"at t"e maGo# lobe is at an an*le belo7 t"e "o#izontal. Why are soft handoffs not possible with the A:8 and 498. Why can . 4he use of :olitons and heterodyne reception may allow fiber optics to operate with much higher data rates and o er longer distances without repeaters than any other system now in use. ANSWER: . 212. $able>tele ision systems reduce losses by mo ing E)F signals to the @)F range. 4hese are now being used to KsignL important documents that are sent electronically ANSWER: 5i*ital si*natu#e 20%. It assures the user that the system is wor-ing ANSWER: si)etone entire telephone system. 213.to be synchroni?ed? ANSWER: ."e an*le o/ ele2ation to t"e satellite is too lo7 to be #actical in t"ese #e*ions."e a+loa) ointe# allo7s s+nc"#onization b+ in)icatin* t"e sta#t o/ a )ata /#ame 211..8 radio stations often be recei ed at distances beyond the hori?on? ANSWER: G#oun) 7a2es /ollo7 t"e cu#2atu#e o/ t"e ea#t" an) *#oun) 7a2e can #o a*ation is ossible at AM b#oa)castin* /#e9uencies.
It is the only way to achie ed a wider aspect ratio with the current systems is to use fewer acti e scan lines ANSWER: 8ette#bo:in* 231.elecommunicationsF an) 2000 #e/e#s bot" to t"e a #o:imate im lementation )ate an) to t"e /act t"at t"e #o ose) s+stem o e#ate at about 2000 MHz 7ill 23".b s 226. ANSWER: !atc"e# 22". spectrum analy?ers. It is a recei er in which that signal is amplified at its original fre#uency before demodulation ANSWER: . . 4he standard for terrestrial digital tele ision transmission is calledM ANSWER: @%(S- . 236. spectrum analy?ers. It is sometimes used for gigabit 5thernet. 4o reduce this problem.of data is preceded by an eight>bit pattern called a flag.7ina: cable 23%. I842000 8a/imum data rate for mobile user in high speed ehicles is ANSWER: '44. It is the elocity modulation of a electron beam ANSWER: -unc"in* 22&.5thernetL. I842000 8a/imum data rate for stationary user is ANSWER: 2Mb s 230. What ideo standard deals with low data rate ideo such as are often found in $9>C*8s. most modern system use techni#ue called ANSWER: uns"i/t%on%s ace 3BSOS4 23. stan)s /o# 6nte#national Mobile . What connector is popular in attaching test instruments li-e oscilloscopes. fre#uency counters. which signals the start of a frame. What is I842000 :tands for? ANSWER: 6M. and on the internet? ANSWER: MPEG' 233. 4his is done using an algorithm called ANSWER: 5isc#ete cosine t#ans/o#mation 35!. 4he I18 to-en>ring networcould support how many nodes with special data grade shielded twisted> pair wiring? R-LAX_2008 22... it is a ca ity that remo es some of the energy from the electron beam and transfers it in the form of microwa e energy output. 4he pulses in the ertical blan-ing inter al of a ideo that create interlaced scan.R? 3. In a -lystron. In :97$ and )97$ the flag consists of the bit se#uence ANSWER: 0''''''0 232. 5ach bloc.4 232. etc? ANSWER: -N! 22%. It is a special cable that consist of two parallel wires with a grounded shield around them. ANSWER: E9ualizin* ulses 222. 8(5A>2 compression begins by reducing the number of bits re#uired to transmit a reference frame. What connector is popular in attaching test instruments li-e oscilloscopes.nother problem with 1audot is that an error that is interpreted as a FIA: character can cause all the following information to be interpreted as numerical until the ne/t 74C: character occurs. ANSWER: . ANSWER: 4 Mb1s o# '6 M-1s. 4he I18 to-en>ring networuses twisted>pair wiring and can operate at either ==========. fre#uency counters. 5thernet system that uses a special Kthic.b1s 222. ANSWER: A stan)a#) classical 23&. etc? ANSWER: -N! 223.220. I842000 8a/imum data rate for mobile user in for pedestrian or perhaps slow mo ing ehicles is ANSWER: &@4.une)%#a)io% #ecei2e#4 221.
. and to correct for a high fre#uency>response slope in the transmission line.bout the 7ow earth orbit '75*. 5 en with geostationary satellite.+ configuration. . ANSWER: -us to olo*+ 2%1. ANSWER: ?#e9uenc+ ?#o**in* 2"2.e+ 2"". 2". the first problem is less important then it might seem. $ellular radios that use F8 has a ma/imum de iation of ===========. data compression scheme that replaces repeated characters or bit patterns with a code indicating character or pattern and the number Note: The Kendall effect occurs principally repetitions when the single-sideband width is greater ANSWER: Run%len*t" co)in* than half of the facsimile carrier frequency.station which all station attach to a common cable and the fastest 7. the only way to address the second problem is to use a R-LAX_2008 . a telephone number that us uni#ue to a gi en user. to reduce crosstal-. :horter range results in much less propagation loss and remo es the re#uirement for highly directional antenna. and if one station fails the whole system fails.and oscillation. ANSWER: a s+mmet#ical #i2ate . It is the cheapest 7. 4he IIIIIIIIII is a ariation on the discriminator. . worldwide ANSWER: 6nte#national Mobile Subsc#ibe# 6)enti/ication 36MS64 2%3. . networ. In any case. ANSWER: Run%len*t" co)in* ANSWER: 6nte#ca##ie# soun) 2"&. It is a tele ision recei er design that uses mi/ing between the picture and sound carriers to generate the sound intermediate fre#uency. 2"2. at the cost of a %03 reduction in output oltage. 7ossless compression scheme generally loo-s for redundancies in the data for instance the string of ?eros can be replaced with a code that tells the recei ers the length of the string. ANSWER: #a)io )etecto# 2"1. When real time communication is required. 5ncryption of data is important to ensure its pri acy.+ configuration. ANSWER: Rin* to olo*+ 2%0. . spurious pattern or other distortion in a facsimile record copy caused by unwanted modulation products arising from the transmission of a carrier signal. It greatly reduces sensiti ity to amplitude ariations. . 4his ma-es antenna trac-ing less critical. What do you call this techni#ue? ANSWER: Run%len*t" co)in* 2"3. 8ethod of data compression by encoding the length of string of ones or ?eros instead of transmitting all the one or ?ero bits indi idually. ANSWER: E%'2. In the A:8 system. such as to pre ent feedbac.Hz 2%2. fre#uency multiplier can be created by tuning the output circuit of a class $ amplifier to a ANSWER: multi le o/ t"e in ut /#e9uenc+ 2%". ANSWER: !onstellation 2"6. and appearing in the form of a rectified baseband that interferes with the lower sideband of the carrier. ANSWER: Hen)all e//ect __________ containing more than one satellite.ANSWER: 260 no)es or 72 nodes using telephone twisted pair wiring 2"0. It is the interchanging of the fre#uencies of carrier channels to accomplish specific purposes. It is the de iation of a wa e as it passes an obstacle that passes through a small aperture ANSWER: 5i//#action 2"%. if the antenna is mounted on a mo ing ehicle or person the direction to the satellite is constantly changing. It is most commonly achie ed by using a public> -ey encryption to transfer a -ey to be used in ======. satellite.
ANSWER: )ial%tone )ela+ R-LAX_2008 .and the instant of recei ing a dial tone. It is the time between the instant of going off>hoo.2%%.
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