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PRESENT TENSE BE, DEMONSTRATIVES, POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES, PRESENT CONTINOUS, CAN, PREPOSITIONS
PRESENT TENSE BE
verb BE has three forms: AM, IS, ARE, which we have to use according to the pronoun or subject
.AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES Subject I (ou 'e She It &e The% *erb +orm AM ARE IS IS IS ARE ARE E)amp$e I am a teacher. It is a city. He is in the lab. We are friends. You are a student. She is my sister. They are doctors.
is. as %ou can see in the fo$$owing chart She is not sad The% are not in the schoo$ . are.NEGATIVE SENTENCES (ou can ma.e negative sentences simi$ar to the sentences before The on$% different is to add "!T after am.
NEGATIVE SENTENCES I am not 'e She It &e (ou The% I/m not 'e/s not . 'e isn-t She-s not . &e aren-t (ou-re not . The% aren-t is not are not . She isn-t It-s not . It isn-t &e-re not . (ou aren-t The%-re not .
YES / NO QUESTIONS In Eng$ish we have to .ind of 0uestions: (es1"o 0uestions and &h20uestions The (es 1 "o 3uestions are ca$$ed that because the answers a$wa%s start with (es or "o Remember to answer (es1"o 0uestions %ou have to pa% attention to the subject .
YES / NO QUESTIONS Affirmative Statement: (es 1 "o 0uestion: Short Answers: +u$$ 15omp$ete Answers: Affirmative Statement: (es 1 "o 0uestion: Short Answers: +u$$ 15omp$ete Answers: 6ohn and #eter are students Are 6ohn and #eter students4 (es. she is ta$$ and thin 1 "o. the% aren-t (es. she isn-t (es. the% are students 1 "o the% are not students Mar% is ta$$ and thin Is Mar% ta$$ and thin4 (es. she is 1 "o. she is not ta$$ and thin . the% are 1 "o.
because the% are as.QUESTIONS The wh20uestions $oo.WH .ing for some information The answer is a statement with the information according to the 0uestion word . for information accoding to the 0uestion word In this .ind of 0uestions %ou never answer (es or "o.
$%&hat I"#$%ma&'$" a($)&* Things "ame !ccupations Activities #eop$e #$aces State +orm 1 manner Examp ! &hat is this4 It is a boo.QUESTIONS W+-.ing &ho is the director of the schoo$4 5ar$os Samaniego &here is he4 In the house 'ow are %ou4 I am sad 'ow is 7oja4 It is sma$$ &ho &here 'ow .WH . &hat is %our name4 Roberth &hat do %ou do4 I am a driver &hat is he doing4 'e-s wor.
He is not in the lab. It is a city. You are a student. it is / No. she is not Yes. They are doctors. I am not Yes. You are not a student. he is / No. you are not Yes.REVIEW Statement I am a teacher. They are not doctors. We are friends. (es1"o 3uestion Am I a teacher? Are you a student? Is he in the lab? Is she my sister? Is it a city? Are we friends? Are they doctors? Short Answers Yes. She is my sister. He is in the lab. she is / No. She is not my sister. it is not Yes. I am / No. he is not Yes. We are not friends. we are not Yes. It is not a city. you are / No. "egative Statements I am not a teacher. they are / No they are not . we are / No.
board T'IS 9Singu$ar "ouns These are papers T'ESE 9 #$ura$ "ouns .8EM!"STRATI*ES &e use T'IS 1 T'ESE when the objects are near to the spea.er This is a b$ac.
DEMONSTRATIVES &e use T'AT 1 T'!SE when the objects are far from the spea.e Those are mountains T'AT 9 Singu$ar "ouns T'!SE 9 #$ura$ "ouns .ers That is a $a.
s Are those boo. &hat is that4 That is an airp$ane Is that a bird4 "o. it is an airp$ane &hat are those4 Those are boo. the% are boo.DEMONSTRATIVES Q)!.&'$".s4 (es.s .
ch or sh +orming the p$ura$ Add 2es E)amp$es boss 2 bosses ta) 2 ta)es bush 2 bushes f$% 2 f$ies tr% 2 tries curr% : curries cat 2 cats face 2 faces da% : da%s consonant 9 % 5hange % to i then Add :es Add 2s most others .PLURAL NOUNS "oun ending s. ).
IRREGULAR PLURAL "oun t%pe Ends with 2fe +orming the p$ura$ 5hange f to v then Add :s 5hange f to v then Add :es Add :es E)amp$es .nife 2 .nives $ife 2 $ives wife 2 wives ha$f 2 ha$ves wo$f 2 wo$ves $oaf 2 $oaves potato 2 potatoes tomato 2 tomatoes vo$cano 2 vo$canoes Ends with :f Ends with 2 o .
IRREGULAR PLURAL "oun t%pe A77 >I"8S +orming the p$ura$ 5hange the vowe$ or 5hange the word or Add a different ending Singu$ar and p$ura$ are the same E)amp$es man 2 men foot 2 feet chi$d 2 chi$dren person 2 peop$e tooth 2 teeth mouse 2 mice sheep deer fish .sometimes< =nchanging .
POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES I (ou 'e She It &e The% M% (our 'is 'er Its !ur Their 9 "!=" .
POSSESSIVE ADJTECTIVES 'er pants are b$ue 'is shirt is new This is our house This is her cat .
The 5hi$d-s mother is happ% . is b$ac.POSSESSIVE FORM /S >evin-s wife is Rose 'is wife is Rose 5har$ie-s boo.
at the end of !" .sobre una superficie< AT .PREPOSITION OF PLACE I" .dentro de< In the house in a shop In a room in a town In a car in a garden !n a she$f on a wa$$ !n a p$ate on the tab$e !n a ba$con% on a door At the bus station at home At the door at the top At wor.$ugar espec?fico< .
ing Subject BE I 'e She It &e (ou The% Am Is 2I"@ +!RM Singing Singing Are Singing . that means activities that are deve$op in the moment of spea.PRESENT CONTINOUS The present continous tense is used to describe activities that happen now.
PRESENT CONTINOUS AFFIRMATIVE I am dancing (ou are eating 'e is s$eeping She is reading It is running &e are wa$.ing4 Are the% stud%ing4 .ing The% are not stud%ing (ES1"! 3=ESTI!"S Am I dancing4 Are %ou eating4 Is he s$eeping4 Is she reading4 Is it running4 Are we wa$.ing The% are stud%ing NEGATIVE I am not dancing (ou are not eating 'e is not s$eeping She is not reading It is not running &e are not wa$.
then add :I"@ Remove E. then add : I"@come Add :I"@ E)amp$es swim ! swimmin hit ! hittin et # ettin comin lose ! losin li"e # li"in say ! sayin o ! oin wal$ ! wal$in .e the 2I"@ form 8oub$e the consonant.RULES *erb ending in A vowe$ 9 A consonant A vowe$ 9 A consonant 9 E! Ban%thing e$seC 'ow to ma.
ate .CAN / CAN0T 5an is used to show abi$it% The% can dance 'e can-t p$a% the piano 'e can p$a% footba$$ 'e can swim 'e can s.
NEGATIVE AND QUESTIONS AFFIRMATIVE I can coo. (ES1"! 3=ESTI!"S 5an I coo. we can’t Yes. NEGATIVE I can not coo.4 5an %ou dance4 5an he p$a%4 5an she swim4 5an it run4 5an we sing4 5an the% wa$. .you can´t Yes I can / No I can’t Yes. she can’t Yes. we can / No. 'e can not p$a% She can not swim It can not run &e can not sing The% can not wa$. it can’t Yes. it can / No. 4 SH RT ANS!ERS Yes. she can / No. you can / No. they can / No. they can’t (ou can dance (ou can not dance 'e can p$a% She can swim It can run &e can sing The% can wa$. he can`t Yes. he can / No.