SURVEY OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS IN VADODARA 2013

SURVEY OF BUILDINGS OF MADHAV NAGAR SOCIETY WHERE TWO BUILDINGS COLLAPSED
ATALADARA, VADODARA

BY THE STUDENTS OF ME ( STRUCTURES), FACULTY OF TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING, M S University of Baroda, Vadodara

EDITED BY Dr. B. A. SHAH, Associate Professor The M. S. University of Baroda 29 August 2013

SURVEY OF BUILDINGS COLLAPSED IN VADODARA

Dr. B. A. Shah M.S. University

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骢骢桫珢珢珢珢

www.sefindia.org

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Shah M. B.S.sefindia.org Page 2 . University www.SURVEY OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS IN VADODARA 2013 GROUP-1 SHAH AMI KALE ANJALI PANCHAL NISHITH GARGI SINVHAL DRASHTI DAVE JAINESH BHAVSAR FINASALI NAVSARIVALA ANUBHAV BANSAL ME-III ME-III ME-III ME-I ME-I ME-I ME-I ME-I GROUP-2 GAMIT NIRAV JINYAWALA MOHAMMAD SAGAR RAJESH PARTIWALA DHRUV RANTAL AMEY CHAUDHARI ASHISH BHAGAT BHAVIN ALITHA TASLIM ME-III ME-III ME-III ME-I ME-I ME-I ME-I ME-I SURVEY OF BUILDINGS COLLAPSED IN VADODARA Dr. A.

12:30 p. Date and Time of Incident 28/08/2013.org Page 3 . A.m. sudden change in loading of the structure. 2. SURVEY OF BUILDINGS COLLAPSED IN VADODARA Dr. B. Material had started crumbling. Date and Time of Inspection 29/08/2013. Shah M. earthquake. – full description of the same) People felt the vibrations at upper floors.? Collapse trigger – may be due to sudden change in soil pore water pressure. removal of any structural member such as masnory wall of any floor etc.sefindia. 4:30 a. University www.m. 3.Was there any specific trigger for collapse? E. Any warnings of collapse prior to incident (Cracks. sudden change in soil pore water pressure.S. deformations etc.SURVEY OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS IN VADODARA 2013 First Inspection Report 1. Cracks were observed at number of places 4. Collapse trigger.g.

If yes. Deterioration of masonry walls over a period of time and poor quality of construction may have added to the process of structural collapse.S. where? ---SURVEY OF BUILDINGS COLLAPSED IN VADODARA Dr.sefindia. One such representation was made to the news reporters of local TV channel on the previous eve of the event.SURVEY OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS IN VADODARA 2013 Figure 1-Bulging of masonary walls nearby collapsed building People of Madhavnagar were complaining about distress shown by crumbling plaster and cracks which had appeared in the masonary walls for more than 3 months. There was continuous heavy rains for more than a month before the incidence and water logging in the building area was observed due to the level of surrounding roads being 600 mm above the plinth level of the buildings. 5. where the collapse of the structure started but as per residences the central load bearing wall collapsed. Shah M. A. B. University www. 6.org Page 4 . Is it possible to see where (in which location of the building) the collapse started? It is not possible to see from.

The foundation was affected by the leakage problems of the underground water tank and accumulation of rain water because of the level difference in road level and floor level was observed. RC Non-ductile moment frames c. Loadbearing masonry structure with lintel. Figure 2-Crack observed in base slab of under-ground water tank nearby collapsed building 8. RC shear walls + non-ductile moment frames e. RC Shear walls + RC ductile moment frames d.SURVEY OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS IN VADODARA 2013 7.sefindia. B.org Page 5 . Shah M. pl elaborate. What kind of a structural system does the building have? a. So.S. RC Ductile Moment frames b. plinth and roof bands SURVEY OF BUILDINGS COLLAPSED IN VADODARA Dr. Is there a collapse mechanism that is possible to identify? If yes. No well defined frames f. University www. one of the masonry walls failed at ground level and thus the whole building collapsed. A.

S.SURVEY OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS IN VADODARA 2013 g. Figure 3 Condition of lintel beam in one of the surviving buildings SURVEY OF BUILDINGS COLLAPSED IN VADODARA Dr. A. University www. without continuous lintel bands and no roof band. Loadbearing masonry structure without bands h.sefindia. B. Shah M.org Page 6 . Other (pl elaborate) Load bearing masonry structure with plinth bands.

in slabs d. A. B.) SURVEY OF BUILDINGS COLLAPSED IN VADODARA Dr.(Are there adequate beammasonary wall frames in each direction?) Draw a plan of the building. Shah M. in masonry walls b.sefindia.org Page 7 . Is there adequate framing of the structure. in beam-masonry wall junctions (Are there any voids in concrete. What is the quality of concrete? a. hollows regions. is the cement-FA-CA ratio problematic on visual inspection etc. University www. in beams c.S.SURVEY OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS IN VADODARA 2013 Figure 4 One more lintel in a nearby building 9. is the concrete totally crumbled.

Shah M.S. Vadodara There were about 36 nos.sefindia.SURVEY OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS IN VADODARA 2013 Figure 5 Layout plan of Madhavnagar buildings.org Page 8 . University www. A. G+3 blocks out of which two blocks marked in yellow collapsed Figure 6 Elevation and Plan of a typical block SURVEY OF BUILDINGS COLLAPSED IN VADODARA Dr. B.

SURVEY OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS IN VADODARA 2013 Figure 7 Typical Plans Poor quality of concrete and mortar was observed. A. Shah M.org Page 9 . Fig. SURVEY OF BUILDINGS COLLAPSED IN VADODARA Dr. B. 8 shows a typical chunk of concrete and crumbled masonary.S. University www. The mortar was easily getting removed from the masonary joints simply by scratching.sefindia.

b. What is the quality of the steel (is there corrosion) in masonary walls in beams in slabs in beam.S. c. the reinforcing steel was corroded in most of the blocks as seen in the following photographs.SURVEY OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS IN VADODARA 2013 Figure 8 Poor quality of material 10. a. University www. SURVEY OF BUILDINGS COLLAPSED IN VADODARA Dr. B. d. A.masonary wall junctions Yes. Shah M.sefindia.org Page 10 .

12. dia and no. in masonary walls b. development of bars in junctions) Cannot comment as dia and spacing of reinforcement was not observed. At which level was maximum damage? At ground level where the masonary walls showed distress and third floor slab level where the spalling of ceiling plaster was observed due to seepage of rain water.org Page 11 . spacing and dia of beam stirrups.SURVEY OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS IN VADODARA 2013 Figure 9 Corrosion of steel due to lack of proper cover 11. SURVEY OF BUILDINGS COLLAPSED IN VADODARA Dr. of main bars in masonary walls and beams. University www. Is there adequate steel (at least min required as per code) a. Shah M. B.sefindia.S. in beams c. in slabs d. A. in beam-masonary wall junctions (Pl elaborate with spacing and dia of masonary wall and beam rings. steel in beam-masonary wall junctions.

org Page 12 . Shah M. University www.SURVEY OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS IN VADODARA 2013 Figure 10 Ground floor masonry walls showing damage SURVEY OF BUILDINGS COLLAPSED IN VADODARA Dr.S. B.sefindia. A.

org Page 13 . Shah M.SURVEY OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS IN VADODARA 2013 Figure 11 Ground floor masonry showing poor maintenance Figure 12 Condition of existing ground floor masonry walls SURVEY OF BUILDINGS COLLAPSED IN VADODARA Dr.sefindia.S. A. B. University www.

sefindia. B.SURVEY OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS IN VADODARA 2013 Figure 13.Swelling of floor slab SURVEY OF BUILDINGS COLLAPSED IN VADODARA Dr.S. University www. Shah M. A.org Page 14 .

SURVEY OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS IN VADODARA 2013 Figure 14. Shah M. University www.sefindia.org Page 15 . SURVEY OF BUILDINGS COLLAPSED IN VADODARA Dr.S.Hogging effect of the beam at ground level Figure 15. A. B.Leakage of water from terrace slab Figure 16 Cracks observed in walls at 3rd floor along with water leakage which has not been attended to.

Shah M. University www.org Page 16 .S.sefindia.SURVEY OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS IN VADODARA 2013 Figure 17. A.Cracks observed in the beams supporting over head water tank at terrace floor level SURVEY OF BUILDINGS COLLAPSED IN VADODARA Dr. B.

17. Under-ground water tank leakage.Pl elaborate on any other details that are observed and inferred during the field study Bulging of the masnory walls. 18. pl elaborate. who? No information is available.SURVEY OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS IN VADODARA 2013 13.org Page 17 .Was there a structural engineer on the project? If yes. Twisting of beams.Is there any obvious foundation failure? If yes.sefindia. 19. Shah M. SURVEY OF BUILDINGS COLLAPSED IN VADODARA Dr.S. Sagging and hogging of beams. 15.Was there a third party check of the design? No information is available. who? No information is available.What were the procedures for monitoring construction quality and conformance to design? No information is available.Was there a construction supervision agency? If so. Structural cracks in members. University www. A. 14.Was the design vetted by VUDA? No information is available. 16. no details are available regarding foundation. B.

S. Inadequate cover to the concrete members.sefindia. A.org Page 18 .Pl add as many photographs as possible of failures at global and local levels of structure Remains of the collapsed buildings SURVEY OF BUILDINGS COLLAPSED IN VADODARA Dr. B. 20. Shah M. University www.SURVEY OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS IN VADODARA 2013 Poor quality of materials.

B. A.sefindia. Shah M.org Page 19 .S. University www.SURVEY OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS IN VADODARA 2013 SURVEY OF BUILDINGS COLLAPSED IN VADODARA Dr.

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