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Washmgton, D.C. 20540
TRILATERAL COMMISSION IP0092
In response t o numerous i n q u i r i e s r e l a t i n g t o t h e T r i l a t e r a l
Commission, we have assembled t h e enclosed m a t e r i a l s . This packet includes background information on t h e Commission, a l i s t i n g of
i t s members, a r t i c l e s regarding t h e influence of t h e Commission,
and a bibliography of p u b l i c a t i o n s by and about t h e Commission.
Many of t h e items i n t h e bibliography may be a v a i l a b l e a t a
l o c a l p u b l i c o r school l i b r a r y . W hope t h i s information i s helpful. e
Congressional Reference Division
A l l m a t e r i a l s a r e r e p r i n t e d with permission of t h e copyright claimants.
We've Been Asked
Campaign attacks on George Bush and John Anderson for membership on the Trilateral Commission again are putting the spotlight on a controversial international organization. Conservative critics claim that the commission constitutes a conspiracy seeking to gain control of the US. government and to create a new world order. Bush and Anderson are not the only presidential aspirants with Trilateralist links. An adviser on Ronald Reagan's team, former Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare Caspar Weinberger, is a member. President Carter also was in the organization before. his election, as were nearly 20 present or former top members of his administration. What is the commission? It is a group of 275 prominent businessmen, labor leaders, scholars, statesmen and politicians from the world's three major non-Communist industrialized regions-North Arnerica, Western Europe and Japan. What are its goals? The commission's avowed aim is to increase political and economic cooperation among the three regions. This is done by analyzing major issues of common interest and developing practical proposals to deal with these problems. The commission has published 20 reports, covering such topics as energy, East-West relations and economics. When and how did it start? David Rockefeller, head of Sew York's Chase Manhattan Bank, convened a meeting of leaders from the three regions in 1972 to discuss a plan "to bring the best brains in the world to bear on problems of the future." As an upshot of the meeting, the Trilateral Commission was founded 1 1973. Its first full-time di1 . rector: Zbigniew Brzezinski, now Carter's national-security adviser. How is it organized? A 35-member executive committee manages the group's activities between annual meetings. There are three headquarters-New York, Paris and Tokyo-each with a small, fulltime staff. Rockefeller is chairman of the North American section. When and where does it meet?
U.S.NEWS & WORLD REPORT. A p r ~ l . 1980 7
The full commission gathers once a year for several days, rotating the meetings among the three areas represented. The annual meetings are closed to the media and public and are reported in a quarterly magazine published by the commission. This year's meeting was held in London March 23-25. The program, underscoring the importance the British attach to the group, included dinner with Prince Philip, a reception with Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and speeches by former Prime Minister James (Lhghan and Foreign Secretary Lord Carrington. Who finances the commbrion? The North Americaxi share of the current three-year budget totals 1.67 million dollars. Of this, $644,000 comes from foundations, $530,000 from corporations, $220,000 from individuals and $84,000 from investment income. The Rockefeller name is conspicuous on the list of donors: $180,000 from the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, $100,000 from the Rockefeller Foundation, $150,000 from David Rockefeller's personal funds. There is no government money involved. How are members of the commlsdon chosen? An 11-member American executive committee nominates candidates for the North American delegation. Nominations are made on the basis of interest in international affairs but with an attempt to strike a balance among areas of the country and professions.
Who serves on the commission? Among the 76 U.S. members are 8 congressmen, 3 state and local government officials, 17 businessmen, 13 academicians, 7 bankers and financiers, 10 officials of nonprofit organizations and institutes, 7 lawyers, 4 trade-union officials, 3 journalists or media executives and 1 representative of agriculture interests. Cornrnission members who join the executive branch of government must resign, but they often rejoin when their official service ends. What .bout conspiracy charges? George Bush, who resigned from the organization in 1978, says: "To suggest that those that belong to the commission . . . are involved in a conspiracy is absurd." Reagan loyalist Weinberger, who describes himself as "very conservative," says "the Trilateral Commission is performing a very valuable service in strengthening ties between the U.S. and our natural allies." How influenthl is the commission in shaping g o policy? Its voice is undoubtedly heard. Besides Carter, former Trilateralists include Vice President Mondale, Secretary of State Cyrus Vance, Secretary of Defense Harold Brown and Brzezinski-the entire foreignpolicy and national-security team. Still, foreign-affairs experts make this argument: The policies pursued by the Carter administration have produced results that conflict with the commission's goals of closer cooperation among the non-Communist industrial regions and between this group and the Third World. Relations between the U.S. and its industrialized allies, these experts say, have frayed seriously over the past three years, and ties with a number of Third World nations-such as Iran-have rarely been worse.
Three Trilateralists in the Presidential Race
Bush "" Anderson Carter Republican candidates George Bush and John Anderson md Democrat Jimmy Cart r are present or fonnew m b o n of the Trilateral Comrnlssion. e
By William Greida
When David Rockefeller's Trilateral Cornmiasion came to Washington lost week and called upon the Cartu admini, tration, it was like the nest r e turning to the SPMIRI. President Carter, an la-% lateralist himself, p m t e d hir former brethren in the East Room with praise so generous . that it was mildly tmbarraab fng to some. "I was dumbfounded by same of the things he said," said a Trilateral srecutiva "I would love to get permission to quota him in our fund-nirinp." This ir taiibly off-thlike all Trilateral discuaaiona. but Carter, told the 200 moven and sheken from America, ac+ t a n Europe and J a w that, S f the Trilateral Commission had been in businem after World W r I, the world might have a celed World W r X. a I Thus encouraged, the Trilateralists he& from three other alumni, the Cabinet officen who count most in global mattersState, Deferw and lYmsury. A fourth star canceled his briefing because of illnesx-Carter's nr. tional security affairs adviser. Zbigniew Bnednski. th intellectual father of the Trilateral idea. "Poor Zbtg, he was s i r ! u a pup," said Tril.teral coordinrtur George S. Franklin. "He caught the Russian flu in ChiM." ~t least 18 toplevtl executivu of the Carter administration were dream from the Trilateral memberlip, Sa was the foreign minister of J a m SO m e tho prime mfnista of France md the labor minister of West Germany. The present membership includes l2 former Cabinet offb cera and top advisers of p8d U.S. administrationq from K m nedy's to Ford'r. It ir a very h e a v Oroup bmkem and corporate barons, fellow - travellng technocrats,
A Plan for How the Ou&t to RUII,If Only .
TRILATERAL, From A1
promising politiciw and a light spri~ikling of trade unionists drawn from three continent& This has stirnulattd much spooky theorizing about a Rockefeller shadow world government, a floating establishment conSptracy to run everything. In some circles of fervid political imagination, the "Trilateral connection" is shorthand for ~ u o m t on a string, responds ing to a secret agenda. s The reality, alas, i less dramatic. On paper, they run the world. But. in the flesh, the Trilateralists get tp gether and mostly talk about how tbe world out to run, i oqly the world f would moperate. T i humble little secret slipped out hs from under the mirror-paneled doors at L'Enfant Plaza where the T r i l a t t d btr met for three days last week: the heavyweight members, despite their a m m e economlc clout, feel defensive, uneasy, unloved. "It's surprising," said one p u t i d . paht, "that these big, powerful, hefty tycoons would be so defensiua They are not terribly confident." At the White Hause, even the president lectured them on their bad image. Three foreign leaders from Third World countries. Carter said. have told him personally that the Trilateral Commission is nothing but "a rich man's club" that doesn't care about the rest of the world. The Trilateralists, Carter urged,should demonstrate to the poor nations of the world that the commission "has a heart" "Ninety percent of th8 questions," one informed witnesa mid, "wen: 'Tell us, Mr. President, what can b e do to get .on better terms with the Third World?' " It j4 a "rich man's club" I global n terms, but that was the idea in the
first place. The members are drawn from the leading industrial and financial and intellectual empires of the noncommunist world Citibank and Fiat m d Nippon Steel, Oxford and Harvard and Tokyo Univemity, CocaCola and Barclays of London and Mitsubishi. Their meetings are all in private, presumably to stimulate franker . discussion, but perhaps also to enhance the mystique of importance. At the Washington sessions, a number d participants noted how r e strained and defensive the Trilateralb were with one another, tiptoeing around the m a i n s and differences among themselver The Japanese were defensive about. their trade surpluses. The' Americans about their growlng oil imports. The British and French about their import barriers. The Germans about t h e r low rate of growth. This is not exactly what weryone cxpecttd when "Trilatmalism" was coined five years ago by Bnezhski as the new catch phrase of global thinking. It may have a short shelf life, as catch phrases go, because the Trilateral agenda has not exactly swept the world. NeitHer the Carter administration nor its counterparts i Europe or Jan . pan have been able to move very far on the monetary revisions proposed . by a Trilateral study. Nor have they dweloped the unified energy strategy urged by the commission Nor have they worked out a consolidated bargaining approach to those underdevel.oped nations that are demanding a new economic order in the world. The problem is mesay politics, in every instance. And some of those who were inside noted that the Trilateral
TEILATERAL, A15,Col. 1
THE WASHINGTON P E T
June 19, 1978
Trilateraiists: Enhancing Mystique of Importance
teral sessions and are now engaged in regular government and private exchanges. , The attendance is good, especially when the meeting la held in Washingcal politics. ture." \ ' ton, because everyone knows the gov"They address serious problems in Of emmenta will be listening to what's serious ways." said columnist J o s e ~ h Reach" and of . . mid., Kraft, one of three journalists admitcoWJr.tlons was "These are Influential people," said meetings* ted as observers with the understand- ' "Ot Invited to the Org.nluuon Mauflce Sauve, former minister of Ing that they would be discreet in re- thinb the Quebec "They carry weight. If they porting who said what. The othem ~increasingLYIRT1eVant. were New York Times columnist "It's based 06 l make-nice v i m want some action to be done, they can make the contacts without havlng to James Reston and Le Monde cprre- of reality," B m e t said "Most of the spondent Michel Tatu. wait." positive agenda hasn't got anywhere. "Frankly," said Sawhill, "it's an aw'They're very useful for people who l t wan more interesting in the preare not used to this world of discus- carter period wuw it looked uke l fully good training ground for Amerision, but they are most distinguished nesting for the next Democratic can polltkal leaders and not only for their lack of political realism," American leaders." Kraft said. "They talk about the en- admtnlstrauO~if there going ~ Rockefeller and Brzezinski demonergy problem, but there's no acknowl- ' be one. Now It b l e Inkresting." edgement of the political nationalism Ind&. rmny of tbe membcn t h e m &rated a certain sklll in picking a s sweepinb the world. There's no how- selves think the Trilateral gatherlngs cendant politicians when they origido-we-get-from-hereto-there!' nated the commission in 1973-tapin Bonn o r Tokyo o r Ottawa or ping Carter and Vice President MonJohn Sawhill. president of New here m less valuable for the ideas dale, long before they were close to York University, former federal en- or consensus they strive to generate, ergy administrator, and author of the more useful merely as get-acquainted the White House. Trilateral report on energy, made a reasionr. The Japanese, In particular, For what it is worth, Rockefeller's similar point but saw a certain vlrtue were drawn into deeper relations with list of young and promising politicians in the commlssion's detachment. Europein leadera through the M l a - ' recently added to the commission lb
cludes Rep. William S. Cohen @ Maine), Sen. John C. Danforth (RMo.). Illinois Bepubllcan Got.. J l w s R. Thompson and West Virginla Dein-, ocratic Gov. John D Rockefeller IV, . who Is David Rockefeller's nephew. Tatu, the Wwhington correspondent for Le Monde, sald the Trilateral meetings have a certaln sameness to them. The same people show up for the Bilderberg Conference8 and Atlantic Institute meetings, a fact whlch stirs the conspiracy theorists to spln intricate webs of Interlocking power. "It's no more or less imperialistic than any other meetings llke this," Tatu said. "The leftists think it's a big conspiracy, which is completely wrong. It's just a forum for t.lks,very often empty talks.". Sen. William V. Roth (R-Del.), one of 11 senators and representatives on the commission, discovered an ancillary benefit from his membership. Last year. Penthouse magazine p u b lished a lengthy expose of Rockefeller's shadow government. "That gave me an excuse to buy Penthouse," Roth s a l d
The Trilateral Commission
A Private North American-European-Japanese Initiative on Matters of Common Concern
Organization and Policy Program
The Commission is composed of about 290 individuals from the three regions. From this larger group is drawn the Executive Committee, including the Regional Chairmen and Deputy Chairmen, and twenty-eight other individuals - twelve from Japan, eight from the United States. one from Canada, and thirteen from the various countries of the European Community and Norway. Once each year the full Commission gathers in one of the regions, as in Washington in June 1978, in Tokyo in April 1979, and in London in March 1980. A major portion of each annual meeting is devoted to consideration of task force reports to the Commission. Task f o m work is at the center of the Policy Program of the Commission. Each report is the joint product of authors from each of the three regions. Although only the authors arc mponsible for the analysis and conclusions, they are likely to draw on a wide range of consultants in the course of their work, including Commission members and others. Before publication, a full draft is discussed in a plenary meeting of the Commission. Twenty task f o m reports have been completed so far, and four others are in various stages of preparation. In addition to its task force reports, the Commission follows other subjects on a more topical basis by means of presentations and briefings at its meetings. Subjects covered have included the social and political implications of inflation, financial aspects of the oil crisis, prospects for peace in the Midd k East, illicit corporate payments, macroeconomic policy coordination, nuclear energy and nuclear weapons proliferation, trade problems, and Chiha and the international community. Major curtent issues are also addressed in Trialogue, the quarterly magazine published by the Commission. Three of the four issues each year are devoted to key international problems high on our nations' agendas, with articles and interviews by important public figures and experts from the trilateral regions and beyond. The fourth Trialogue each year covers in detail the annual three-day meeting of the omm mission.
"/H)ereabove national and international bureaucracies and beyond the brief tenures of most elected governments. a useful level of meetings and exchanges of views has come into being-a sort of European-Japanese-American Establishment. Problems can be attacked there in a way that are beyond the narrow scope of nationstare interests and transcend the time horizons of a legislative session. Also problems can be more impartially and frankly discussed than in offlcial channels. . . . " Theo Sommer. Die Zeit
Japanese Chairman: Japanese Deputy Chairman: North American Chairman: North American Depury Chairman: European Chairman: European Deputy Chairman: Coordinator North American Secretary: European Secretary: Japanese Secretary:
Takeshi Watanabe Nobuhiko Ushiba David Rockefeller Mitchell Sharp Georges Berthoin Egidio Ortona George S. Franklin Charles B. Heck Martine Trink Tadashi Yamamoto
(Asof March I . 1980)
Givanni Agnelli Chujiro Fujino P. Nyboe A n d e a n Michel Gaudet Robert W. Bonner Takashi Hosomi Henrik N. Boon Robert S. Ingersoll William T. Coleman, Jr. Yusuke Kashiwagi Paul Delouvrier Henry A. Kissinger Hont h m k e Max Kohnstamm Carlos F e m r Baron Leon Lambert Garret Fitzgerald Roderick MacFarquhar George S. Franklin Bruce K. MacLaury
Carlos March Delgado Kiichi Miyazawa Keichi Oshima Charles W. Robinson William M. Roth G.ichi Saeki Wiliiim W. Scranton Ryuji Takeuchi Otto Grieg Tidemand Sir Philip de Zuiueta
**From Japanese point of view. I beliew the Trilateral Commission a has played an immensely useful role in bringing us more closely into the international concert. First. and most important to us. Japan. . .was involved since the wry beginning in the exploratory stages which led to the Commission's creation. This was probably the first time Japan had been associated as an equal partner in a discussion group of such importance and magnitude. Second. unlike the United States where businehnen and lawyers often find their way on loan to the government, private citizens in Japan seldom have a chance to see and think about world affairs from a general and broader point of view. Their joining the Trilateral Cqmmission has enabled them to do just that. . .fD)iscussions within the Commission do affect the thinking of our governments and in some cases-although indirectly-their policy decisions. In this sense. I believe that the Commission has made a difference-even i a f number of crucial problems. trade relations for example. still exist among the trilateral countries. " Kiichi Miyazawa, former Foreign Minister of Japan, in Trialogue
The Industrialized Democratic Regions in a Changing International System
Inaugurated in July 1973, the Trilateral Commission is a policy-orknfed organization. Based on analysis of major issues facing North America, Westem Europe, and Japan, the Commission has sought to develop practicable proposals for joint action. The Commission's members arc about 290 distinguished citizens from the t h m regions, drawn from a variety of backgrounds. Commission reports and activities have Plnrdy stimd wide interest and made some important contributions. The historical roois of the Commission can be traced ptimarily to serious strains early in the 1970s in relations among Japan, North America. and e Western Europe. As the decade pmaeded, however, it b a ~ m inmasingly clear that the strains and shifts in the internrtiond system am global as well as trilateral in scope. The renwation of the internaticmal system is thus a task of global as well as trilateral dimensions, and the work of the Commission, as evidenced in its m e i g and reports, has moved .ccordingly. etns In this global effort, the industrialized democratic regions r e d kidentifiable community and a vital core.Their focus, however, must n t be an the o pmmation of the status quo, but on rrt.ngementtwhich n iembrace the Third and Fourth Worlds in a cooperative endeavor to a more equitable world order.
f The renwation o the i n t e m t i o d system will be a vey prolonged process. The system shaped after World W u I1 was created through an act d rill and human initiative in a relatively restricted period d time. One pacr had overwhelming might and influence, and othns were closely associated with it. In contrast, a renwated international system r l now require a p il c e a of creation-much longer and more complu-in which prolonged negotiations will have to be initiated and developed. In nurturing habits and ptactices of working together among the trilateral regions, the Cammissiin should help set the context for these n m s s u y effort..
"The men organizing the Commirsion want it to take new look^ at things. But not for abstract purposes . they want to bring about action, and hence they wcint the new body to be a m a r w e o the intcilccf tual and the influential. " The Economist
I / I
"The interests of North America. Western Europe and Japan now interlock in so many fieldr: trade and monetary questions, security and defense, energy supplies, sochl and environmental issues, aid to developing countries. It is essentialfor the future. . . that these three advanced industrial regions coordinate their policies and learn to work together. It is essential that Japan be treated as a full and equal panner. And first and foremost the communicaiions gap with Japan must be overcome. It is good to hear that a group of distin~uished citizens from d l three areas is gening together. . . . Of course, the primary effort in formulating common policies must comefrom the governments concerned. But a non-governmental effort along the lines of Jean Monnet i Action Committeefor a United States of Europe can do much to improve the atmosphere through mmlateml contacts among scholars. economists, industrialists, labor leaders, and journalists. " The Christian Science Monitor
THE TRILATERAL COMMISSION
EUROPEAN OFFICE 151 boulevard Haussrnann 75008 Paris, France Telephone: 764-6609 JAPANESE OFFICE Japan Center for International Exchange 4-9-17 Minami-Azabu Minato-ku. Tokyo, Japan Telephone: 446-7781
NORTH AMERlCAN OFFICE 345 East 46th S t m t New York, N.Y. 10017 Telephone: (212) 661-110 Cable: TRILACOM NEWYORK
(As of Mnrch 31, 1980)
Current and Former Major Financial Supporters in the United States (since the founding of The Trilateral Commission in 1973 )
William H. Donner Foundation, Inc. Ford Foundation German Marshall Fund of the United States William and Flora Hewlett Foundation Lilly Endowment Charles E. Kettering Foundation
The Henry Luce Foundation The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Rockefeller Brothers Fund The Rockefeller to~indation Sumitomo Fund for Policy Research Studies
BankAmerica Foundation Bechtel Foundation Bechtel Power Corporation Boeing Company Cargill Carter Hawley Hale Stores, Inc. Caterpillar Tractor Co. CBS Inc. The Coca-Cola Company Control Data Corporation Corning Glass Works Foundation Crown Zellerbach Foundation Cummins Engine Foundation Deere 8: Company Exxon Corporation Ford Motor Company Fund General Electric Company General Foods Corporation
General Mills Foundation General Motors Corporation W. R. Grace & Co. Honeywell Inc. IBM Corporation Johnson's Wax Fund Levi Strauss Foundation NCR Foundation The Procter 6r Gamble Company The Quaker Oats Company Scott Paper Company Sears, Roebuck and Co. Standard Oil Company of California Texas Instruments Foundation Time Incorporated Wells Fargo Bank Weyerhaeuser Company Xerox Corporation
George S. Franklin Patrick E. Haggerty
David Packard David Rockefeller
THETRILATERAL HAS COMMISSION R E C E I V E D NO FINANCIAL FROM THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT
(As of July 1, 1981)
The Trilateral Commission
GEORGES BERTHOIN European Chairman EGIDIO ORTONA European Deputy Chairman TAKESHI WATANABE Japanese Chairman N~BUHIKO USHIBA Japanese Deputy Chairman GEORGE S FRANKLIN . Coordinator PAULREVAY European Secretary TADASHI YAMAMOTO Japanese Secretary DAVIDROCKEFELLER North American Chairman
M~CHELL SHARP North American Deputy Chairman
CHARLES HECK B. North American Secretary
North American Members
David M. Abshire, Chairman, Georgetown University Center for Strategic and International Studies; former U.S. Assistant Secretary ofState for Congressional Relations Gardner Ackley. Henry Carter A d a m University Professor of Political Economy, University of Michigan Graham Allison, Dean, John E Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University John B. Anderson, Former Member of U.S. House of Representatives Bruce Babbitt, Governor of Arizona Michel Belanger, President and Chief Executive Officer, National Bank of Canada Lucy Wilson Benson, Corporate Director and Consultant to Business & Government former US. Under Secretary of State for Security Assistance, Science and Technology W. Michael Blurnenthal, Vice Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Burroughs Corporarion; former US. Secretary of the Treasury *Robert W. Bonner, Q.C.,Chairman, British Columbia Hydro Robert R. Bowie, Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced lnternationol Studies; former Deputy Director, Central Intelligence Agency John Brademas, President, New York University; former Member of US. House of Representatives Andrew F. Brimmer, President, Brimmer & Company, Inc.; former Member of Board of Governors, U.S. Federal Reserve System Harold Brown. Distinguished Visiting Professor of National Security Affairs, Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced Infernarional Studies; former U.S. Secretary of Defense Zbigniew Brzezinski, Senior Adviser, Georgetown University Center for Strategic and International Studies; former U.S. Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs John F. Burlingame, Vice Chairman of the Board and Executive Officer, Genera/ Electric Company
George Busbee, Governor of Georgia Philip Caldwell, Chairman of the Board, Ford Motor Company Hugh Calkins, Partner, Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue Claude Castonguay, President, Fonds Laurentien; Chairman of the Board, Imperial Life Assurance Company; former Minister in the Quebec Government Sol Chaikin, President, Internarional Ladies' Garment Workers' Union Warren Christopher, Senior Partner, O'Melveny & Myers; former U.S. Deputy Secretary of State William S. Cohen, United States Senate *William T. Coleman, Jr., Senior Partner, O'Melveny & Myers; former U.S. Secretary of Transportation Barber B. Conable, Jr., US.House of Representatives Richard N . Cooper, Maurits B o a Professor of International Economics, Harvard University;former U.S. Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs John Cowla, Jr., Chairman, Minneapolis Star & Tribune Co. John C. Culver, Former Member of United States Senate Gerald L. Curtis, Professor of Political Science and Director of East Asian Institute, Columbia University Lloyd N. Cutler, Senior Partner, Wilmer, Cutler & Pickcring; former Counsel to the President of the United States Peter Dobell, Director, Parliamentary Centre for Foreign Affairs and Foreign Tmde, Ottawa Thomas Donahue, Secretary- Treasurer. A FL-CIO Claude A. Edwards, Member, Public Service Staff Relations Board; former President, Public Service Alliance of Canada Thomas S. Fo!ey, US. House of Reprcscntatives 'George S. Franklin, Coordinator, The Trilateral Commission; former Executive Director, Council on Foreign Relations John AUen Fraser, Member of Canadian Parliament Richard N . Gardner, Professor of Law and International Organization. Columbia University; former U.S. Ambassador to Italy John H. Glenn, Jr., United States Senate Alan Greenspan, President, Townsend-Greenspan, Inc.; former Chairman, U.S. Council of Economic Advisors Walter A. Haas, Jr., Chairman, Levi Strauss & CO. Donald Southam Hanie, Chairman, Devonian Group of Charitable Foundations; former Deputy Chairman, Petro Canada Philip M. Hawley, President, Carter Hawley Hale Stores, Inc. Walter W. Heller, Regents' Professor of Economicg University of Minnesota; former Chairman, U.S. Council of Economic Advirors Carla A. Hills, Senior Resident Partner, Latham, Watkins & Hills; former US. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development James F. Hoge, Publisher, Chicago Sun Times Richard Holbrooke, Consultanr; former U.S. Asrirrant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs Hendrik S. Houthakker, Henry Lee Professor of Economics, Harvard University; former Member, U.S. Council of Economic Advisors Thomas L. Hughes, President, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace *Robert S. Ingersoll, U.S. Chairman, Japan-US. Economic Relations Group; former U.S. Deputy Secretary of State and Ambassador to Japan D. Gale Johnson, Professor of Economics and Chairman of Economics Department, The University of Chicago James R. Jones, U.S. House of Representatives
*Lane Kirkland, President, AFL-CIO *Henry A. Kissinger, Former U.S. Secretary of State Joseph Kraft, Columnist Juanita Kreps, Former U.S. Secretary of Commerce Winston Lord, President, Council on Foreign Relations Bruce K. MacLaury, President, The Brookings Institution Darcy McKeough, President and Chief Executive Officer, Union GUS,Ltd.,
Robert S. McNamara, Former President, The World Bank Arjay Miller, Dean Emeritus. Graduate School of Business, Stanford University Joseph S. Nye, Professor of Government, John E Kennedy School of
Government, Harvard Univ~rsity; former U.S. Deputy Under Secretary of State for Security Assistance, Science and Technology Henry Owen, Senior Fellow, The Brookings Institution; former Special Reprmentative of the President for Economic Summits; former U.S. Ambassador at Large Gerald L. Parsky, Partner, Gibson. Dunn & Crutcher; former U.S. Assistant Secretary of the Ticpnrry for Inrematiom1 Affairs William R. Pearce, Vice President, Cargill Incorporated Elliot L. Richardson, Senior Partner, Milbank, Tweed, Hadley and McCloy; former U.S. Secretary of Defense, Attorney General, and Ambassador to Great Britain John E. Rielly, President, The Chicago Council on Foreign Relations *Charles W. Robinson, Chairman, Energy Transition Corporation; former US. Deputy Secretary o State f
*David Rockefeller John D. Rockefeller, IV, Governor of West Virginia Robert V. Roosa, Partner, Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. *William M. Roth, Roth Properties; former U S . Special Trade Representative William V. Roth, Jr., United States Senate John C. Sawhill, Director and Senior Partner, McKinsey & Company;
former Chairman, U.S. Synthetic Fuels Corporation; former President, New York University J. Robert Schaetzel, Former U.S. Ambassador to the European Communities 'William W. Scranton, Former Governor of Pennsylvania; former US. Ambassador to the United Nations *Mitchell Sharp, Commissioner, Northern Pipeline Agency; former Canadian Secretaty of State for External Affairs Mark Shepherd, Jr., Chairman, T i Instruments Incorporated Joseph J. Sisco, Partner, Sisco Associates; former President, American University; former US. Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs Gerard C. Smith. Former Head of U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and Chief Negotiator o SALT I ; former Ambossador at Large for Nonf Proliferation Matters Anthony M. Solomon, President, Federal Reserve Bank of New York; former U.S. Under Secretary o the Treasury for Monetary Affairs f Helmut Sonnenfeldt, Guest Scholar, The Brookings Institution; former Counselor, U.S. State Department Edson W. Spencer, President and Chief Executive Officer, Honeywell Inc. Robert Taft, Jr., Partner, Taft, Stettinius & Hollister; former U.S. Senator Arthur R. Taylor, General Partner, Arthur Taylor & Company; Chairman, The American Assembly Russell E. Train, President, World Wildlife Fund-U.S.; former Administrator, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Philip H . Trezise, Senior Fellow, The Brookings Institution; former U.S.
Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs
Martha R. Wallace, Executive Director, The Henry Luce Foundation, Inc. Haskell G. Ward, President, Haskell G. Ward Associates; former Deputy Mayor
of New York City
Martin J. Ward, President, United Association of Journeymen and Apprentices
of the Plumbing and Pipe Fitting Industry of the United States and Canada
Paul C. Warnke, Partner, Clifford and Warnke; former Director, U.S. Arms
Control and Disarmament Agency and Chief Disarmament Negotiator
Glenn E. Watts, President, Communications Workers of America George Weycrhaeuser, President and Chief Executive Officer, Weyerhaeuser
Marina v.N. Whitman, Vice President and Chief Economist, General Motors
Corporation; former Member, U.S. Council of Economic Advisors
Carroll L. Wilson, Mitsui Professor Emeritus in Problems of Contemporary
Technology, School of Engineering, Mil'; Director, World Coal Study
T. A. Wilson, Chairman of the Board, The Boeing Company Andrew Young. Young Ideas, Inc.; former U.S. Ambawdor to the United hbtions
William Brock, U.S.%de Repnscntative Arthur F. Burns. US.Ambassador to the Fcdeml Republic of Germany George Bush. Vice President o the United States f Michael J. L. Kirby. Canadion Semtmy to the Cabinet for Federal-Provincial
Paul A. Volcka, Chairman, Board o Governors, US.Federal~R~~erve f System Caspar W. Wcinberga, U.S. Secretary of Defense
*Giovanni Agnelli, President, FIAT *P.Nyboe Andersen, Chief General Manager, Andelsbanken A / S; former Danish Minister for Economic Affirs and Dude Luis Maria Anson. Pnsidente de la Agencia EFE, Madrid; Presidente, Federacidn Nacional de Asociaciones de la Prensa Giovanni Auletta Armenise, Chairman, Banca Nazionale &ll~gricoltura,Rome E.K. den Bakker. Chairman of the Baud, Nationale Nederlanden Bank Piero Bassetti, Chamber of Lkputies, Rome *Georges Berthoin, International Honorary Chairman. European Movement Kurt H. Biedenkopf, Dcputy Chairman, Christian Democratic Union, Federal Republic of Germany; Mmber of the State Parliament of Northrhine Wcsrphalia Kurt Birrenbach, President, German Society for Foreign Affairs Claudio Booda Villalonga, Chairman. Ford ErpaAa S.A.; former Chairman, Institute Mcional de Indwtrio Mucel Boiteux, Chaiimon, Fknch Electricity Bwrd Carlo Bonomi. President, INVEST; Milan *Henrik N. Boon, Chairman of the Board. Netherlands Institute for International qffairs; former Dutch Ambassador to Italy, Venezuela, and Malta; former Permanent Reprcscntatiw of the Netherlands to the NATO Council Guido Carli, President, Impmit; former Governor, Bank of Italy Hervt de Cannoy, Geneml1Ckmagerfor Europe, Midiand Bank, London Jaime Carvajal Urquijo, Chainnun, Banco Urquijo. Madrid Jean Claude Casanova. Professor of Political Science, Institute of Political Scknces, Paris; Director, Commentaim Jose Luis Cerbn Ayuso, Former President of the Spanish Board of Dude; Chairman of ASETA Guido de Clercq, General Director, Catholic University of Louvain Willy de Clerq. Chairman, Party for Freedom and Progress, Belgium; Member of European Parliament Umberto Colombo, President, National Committee for Nuclear Energy, Rome Richard Conroy, Member of Senate, Irish Republic Antoinette Danis-Spaak, Chairman, Democratic Front of French Speaking Btuxellois; Mmber of Chamber of Representatives; Member of European Parliament *Paul Delouvrier, Chairman, Public Authority for the Development of the Parc de la Villette; former Chairman, Electricite de France Geoffrey Drain, Geneml Secretary of the Nationnl and Local Government Offices Association, London Jean Dromer, President and General Director, International Bank for West Africa, Paris *Horst Ehmke, Deputy Chairman, Social Democratic Party ParliamentafY Fraction, Federal Republic of Germany; Member of the Bundestag; former Minister of Justice Otto Esser, President, Federation of German Employers' Associations Pierre Esteva, President, Union des Assurances de Paris *Carlos Ferrer, Chairman, Spanish Employers' Confederation; Chairman, Ferrer International Rmt Foch, Counselor on International Questions of the Republican Party, Paris
Antonio Garrigues Walker, Senior Partner, J & A Garrigues; Chairman,
Asociacion Para el Progreso de la Direccion, Madrid
*Michel Gaudet, President, French Federation of Insurance Associations;
President. Comite E u r o M n des Assurances
Giuseppe Glisenti, Vice President, INVEST, Milan Maldonado Gonelha. Member of the Council of the Socialist Party, Lisbon;
Membcr. JosP Fontana Foundation
Hans Hartwig, President, National Federation of German Wholesale and Export
Denis Healey, Member of British Parliament; former Chancellor of the Exchequer Edward Heath, Member of British Parliament; former Prime Minister Terence Higgins. Member of British Parliament; former Minister of State and
Financial Secretary to the Treesury
Diether Hoffman, Spcoker of the Executive Board. Bank fur Gmeinwirtschaft
Jozef P. Houthuys. Chairman, Confederation of Christian nude Unions of
Ludwig Hubcr, Chairman of the Board, Bayerische Landesbank und Girozentmle,
Horst K. Jannott, Chairman of Executive Bourd, Munich Reinsurance Society Daniel E. Janssen. Director-General, Belgian Chemical Union Karl Kaiser, Director, Research Institute of the German Society for
Justin Keating, Member of Senate, Irish Republic; Lkan. Faculty of Veterinary
Medicine. University College. Dublin
Lord Keith of Castleacre, Former Chairman of Rolls Royce Ltd.; former
Chairman of H i l l Samuel Group of Companies
Henry Keswick, Chairman, Matheson & Co. Ltd., London Michael Killecn, Chairman, Industrial Development Authority; Deputy Chairman,
Irish Distillers Group Ltd.
Norbert Kloten. President, State Central Bank in Baden- Wuerttemberg *Max Kohnstamm, President, European University Institute, Florence Erwin Kristoffersen, Director, International Department, German Federation of
Jacques Lallement, General Director, Credit Agricole, Paris Baron Lton Lambert, President, Groupe Bruxelles Lambert, SA. Liam Lawlor, Member of Irish ffirliament Arrigo Levi, Columnist, La Stampa, Tbrin, and The Times, London Mark Littman, Queen's Counsel, The Rio-Tinto Zinc Corporation Ltd. Richard LOwenthal, Profesror Emeritus of International Relations, Free University
Evan Luard, Former Parliamentary Undersecretary of State for the British
Francisco Lucas Pires, Vice President, Democratic and Social Centre Party,
*Roderick MacFarquhar, Research Scholar, Woodrow Wilson International Center,
Smithsonian Institution; former Member of British Parliament
*Carlos March Delgado, Chairman, Banca March; Vice Chairman. Juan March
Robert Marjolin, Former Vice President of the Commission of the European
Roger Martin, Honorary President, Compagnie Saint Gobain Pont-a-Mowon
Hanns W. Maull, Economic Editor, Bavarian Radio; European Representative,
Japan Center for International Erchange
Pietro Merli-Brandini, Secretary General. Italian Confederation of Workers
Cesare Merlini, Director, Institute for International Affairs, Rome Thierry dc Montbrial, Professor, Ecole Polytechnique; Director, French Institute
for Inrernafional Relations
Alwin Milnchrneyer, Chairman of the Board, Bankham SchrCider, Miinchmeyer,
Hengst & Co.
Preben Munthe, Professor of Economics, University of Oslo; Counselor,
Norwegian Nobel Institute
Dan Murphy, Secretary-General of the Civil Service Executive Union, Dublin *Karl-Heinz Narjes. Member of the Commission of the European Communities;
former Member of the Bundestag
Friedrich A. Neuman, Chairman. State Federation of Industrial Employers'
Associations of Nonhrhine Westphalia
Egidio Onona, President, Honey well Information Systems Italia;
former Italian Ambassador to the United States
Alfonso Osorio, Membcr of Spanish House of Representatives;
former Vice President of the Government
David Owen. Member of Britkh Parliament; former Foreign Secretary;
Co-Founder of Council for Social Democracy
Bernard Pagezy, Msident Directeur G&ndraldes Societes des Assurances du
z a Groupe de R
Antonio Pedrol, Chairman, Consejo General de la Abogacia EspaAola Sir John Pilchcr, Director, Foreign and Colonial Investment Trus~; Adviser to
Robert Fleming & Co., Ltd.; former British Ambassador to Japan
Mario F. C. Pinto, President, Oliveira Martins Foundation; Professor
of Labor Problems, Catholic University of Portugal and Institute for Labor Studies; jormer Member of the Constitutional Assembly and Parliament Paulo de Pitta e Cunha, Professor, Departmenf of Economics, Faculty of Law, University of Lisbon; President, Portuguese Association for the Study of European Integration Giuseppe Ratti, Coordinator, International Affairs, ENI, Rome Jean Rey, Ministre dlEtat; Member of European Parliament; former President of the Commission of the European Communities Sir Julian Ridsdale, Member of British Parliament; Chairman of the Anglo-Japanese Parliamentary Group Sir Frank Roberts. Director, Mercedes Ben2 U.K. and Hoechst U.K. Lrd.; former .British Ambasador to Germany, the U.S.S.R., and NATO Lord Roll of Ipsden, Chairman. S. G. Warburg and Co. Ltd. John Roper, Member of British ParIiament Francois de Rose, Ambasadeur de France; PrPsident Directeur General, SociPtP Nouvelle Pathe Cinema Baron Edmond de Rothschild, President, Compagnie Financiere Holding, Paris Viscount Sandon, Deputy Chairman, National Westrninster Bank Ltd.; Chairman, Orion Bank L td. John C. Sannes, Director, Nobel Prize Committee; Researcher and Scientific Counselor, Norwegian Foreign Policy Institute W.E. Scherpenhuijsen Rorn, Chairman, Board of Managing Directors, Nederlandsche Middenstandsbank Marius Schirnberni, President, Montedison, Milan
Erik Ib Schmidt, Permanent Undersecretary o State, Denmark; Chairman o the f f
Board, R i d National Laboratory
Th. M. Scholten, President, ROBECO Investment Group, Rotterdam Gerhard Schroeder, Former Federal Minister; former Member of the Bundestag Pedro Schwaru. Director. Insrituto de Economia de Mercado, Madrid Jose Antonio Segurado, Chairman, International Relations Commksion of the C.E. 0. E.; Chairman, SEFISA, Madrid Erik Seidenfaden, Directeur de la Fondation Danoise, Institut
Universitaire International de Paris
Federico Sensi, Ambassador of Italy; former Italian Ambassador
to the Soviet Union
Roger Seydoux, Amboswdeur de France; Prksident du Conseil
dOAdminis!ration, Fondation de France
Lord Shackleton. Drputy Chairman, Rio-Tinto Zinc Corporation Ltd.;
former Cabinet Minister
Peter Shore, Member of Britkh Parliament *Hemi Smontt, Member of Belgian Parliament; former Minister of
J. H. Smith, Deputy Chairman and Chief Executive. British Gas Corporation Theo Sommer. Editor-in-Chief, Die Zeit, Hamburg Myla Staunton, M m b e r of Senate, Irish Republic J. A. Swire, Chairman, John Swire and Sons Group of Companies, London Peter Tapsell, Member of British ftrrliament; former Front Bench Spokesman on
both Finance and Foreign Affairs
Nick Thygesen, Professor of Economics, Economics Institute, Copenhagen
*Otto Grieg Tidemand, Former Norwegian Minister of Defense and Minister
of Economic Affairs
Sir Anthony Tuke. Chairman, Rio- Tinto Zinc Corporation Ltd.; former
Chairman. Barclays Bank L rd.
Antonio Vasco de Mello, Chairman of the Board, Companhia Portugu2sa de
7h$lrrria, S.A.R.L.; President, Confederation of Portuguese Industry
Heinz-Oskar Vettcr, Chairman, German Federation of Trade Unions;
Member of Europwn Parliament
JosC VilP Marsans, Chairman, Sociedad Anonima de Fibras Artificiales,
Barcelona; Director, Banco Central, Madrid
Paolo Battino Vittorelli, Chamber of Deputies, Rome; Presidente del lstituto Studi e Ricerche Difesa; Editor, Avanti Sir Frederick Warner, Chairman, Guinness Peat International Ltd.; Member of Europam Pllrliament; former British Amhassador to Japan Edmund Wellenstein, Former Director General for Evlernal Affairs,
Commission of the European Communities
T. Kenneth Whitaker, Member of Senate, Irish Republic; Director, Bank of
Ireland; Chancellor, National University
Alan Let Williams, Director-General, En3lish Speaking Union; former
Member of British Purliament
*Otto Wolff von Amerongen. President, Otto Wolff AG; President, German
Federation of Chambers of Industry and Commerce
Joachim Zahn, Chairman of the Executive Board, Daimler Benz A G *Sir Philip de Zulueta, Chairman, Antony Gibbs Holdings Ltd.
Svend Auken, Minister of Labor, Dcnmark Lord Carrington. British Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth
Franctwo Compagna, Minister of Merchant Marine, Italy Herbert Ehrenberg, Minister of Labor and Social Affairs, Federal Republic
Marc Eyskens, Prime Minister of Belgium Garret FitzGerald, Prime Minister, Irish Republic Bernard Hayhoe, Parliamentary Undersecretary of State in the British Dcfense Ministry Giorgio LaMalfa. Italian Minister of the Budget Otto Graf LamMor f f, Minister of Economics, Federal Republic
I v u Ndrgaard, Minister of Environment, Denmark Michael O'Kmnedy, Member of Commission of the European Communities Thorvald Stoltmberg, Minister of Defense, Norway RPmbn Rias Fargas, Minister of Economy and Finance, Catalan
Isao Amagi, Direcror General, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science; Advisor to the Ministry of Education Yoshiya Ariyoshi, Board Counsellor, Nippon Yusen, K.K. Shizuo Asada, President, Japan Air Lines Company, L td. Yoshishige Ashihara, Chairman, Board of Directors, Kansai Electric Power Company, Inc. Toshiwo Doko, Former Chairman, Japan Federation of Economic Organizations (Keidanren); Counsellor, Toshiba Corporation Jun Eto, Professor, Tokyo Institute of Technology Shinkichi Eto, Professor of International Relations, Tokyo University *Chujiro Fujino, Chairman, Mitsubishi Corporation Takeo Fukuda, Member of the Diet; former Prime Minister Shintaro Fukushima, Chairman, Kyodo News Service Noboru Gotoh, Chairman and President, TOKYU Corporation Nihachiro Hanamura, Executive Vice Chairman and President. Japan Federation of Economic Organizatiors (Keidanren) Sumio Hara, Executive Advisor, Bank of Tokyo, Ltd. Norishige Hasegawa, Chairman, Sumitomo Chemical Company, Ltd. Teru Hidaka, Director and Senior Counsellor, Yamaichi Securities Company, Ltd. Kosuke Hiraoka, Vice President, Komatsu. Ltd. Hideo Hori, President, The National Association for Employment for the Handicapped *Takashi Hosomi, Advisor. The Industrial Bank of Ja.mn, Ltd. Hosai Hyuga, Chairman of the Board, Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd. Shinichi Ichimura, Profaor of Economics, Kyoto University *Yoshizo Ikeda, Chairman, Mitsui & Co., Ltd. . Yoshihiro Inayama, Chairman, Japan Federation of Economic Organizations (Keidanren); Representative Director. Chairman of the Board, Nippon Steel Corporation Kaoru Inouye, Chairman of the Senior Executive Committee, Dai-lchi Kangyo Bank, Ltd. Rokuro Ishikawa, President, Kajima Corporation Tadao Ishikawa, President, Keio University Joji Itakura, Counsellor, The Mitsui Bank, Ltd. Yoshizane Iwasa, Counsellor, Fuji Bank, Ltd.; Chairman, Japan-U.S. Economic Council Motoo Kaji, Professor of Economics, Tokyo University Fuii Kamiya. Professor o f Internationrl Relations, Keio University * ~ u & k e~khiwa;, president, Bank of Tokyo, Ltd.; former ~pecialAdvisor to the Minister of Finance Koichi Kato, Member of the Diet; former Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary Katsuji Kawamata, Chairman, Nirson Motor Company, Ltd. Hideo Kitahara, Former Ambassador io France Kiichiro Kitaura, Chairman, Nomura Securities Compan-v, Ltd. Koji Kobayashi, Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer, Nippon Electric Company, Ltd. Yotaro Kobayashi. President, Fuji-Xerox Shinichi Kondo, Corporate Adviser; former Ambassador to Canada Fumihiko Kono, Counsellor, Mitsubirhi Heavy Industries, Ltd. Masataka Kosaka, Professor, Faculty of Law, Kyoto University
Fumihiko Maki, Principal, Maki and Associates, Design, Planning and Developmen t Shiieharu Matsurnoto, Chairman, International House of Japan, Inc. Daigo Miyado, Chairman of the Board, The Sanwa Bank, Ltd. Akio Morita, Chairman, Representative Managing Director, SONY Corporation Takashi Mukaibo, Former President. Tokyo University Norihiko Nagai, Chairman, Mitsui O.S.K. Lines, Ltd. Yonosuke Nagai, Professor of Political Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology Shigeo Nagano, Honorary Chairman, Nippon Sfeel Corporation; President, Japan Chamber of Commerce and Industry Eiichi Nagasue, Member of the Diet Nobuyuki Nakahara, Managing Director, T m Nenryo Kogyo, K.K. Toshio Nakamura, Chairman, Mitsubishi Bank, Ltd. Sohci Nakayama, Counsellor, The Industrial Bank of Japan. Ltd. Akira Ogata, Advisor to the Chief News Commentator, Japan Broadcasting Corporation (NHK) Yoshihisa Ohjimi, President, Arabian Oil Company, Ltd.; former Vice Minirter of International Trade and Industry Kazuo Oikawa, General President, Japan Telecommunications Workers' Union (Zendentsu); Vice Chairman, General Council of nude Unions of Japan (SOH YO) *Saburo Okita, Former Minister of Foreign Affairs *Keichi Oshima, Profmor of Nuclear Engineering, Tokyo University *Kiichi Saeki, Chairman, Nomura Research Institute Kunihiko Sasaki, Director, Honoraty Chairman, Fuji Bank, Ltd. Yukio Shibayama, Chairrnan,. Sumitomo Corporation Masahide Shibusawa, Director, East- West Seminar Yoshihito Shirnada, President, Takahashi Foundation; former President, Japan Petroleum Development Corporation Ichiro Shioji, President, Confederation of Japan Automobile Workers' Union (Jidosha-Soren) Tatsuo Shoda, Chairman of the Board, The Nippon Credit Bank, Ltd. Binsuke Sugiura, Chairman, The Long Term Credit Bank of Japan, Ltd. Chusuke Takahashi, Executive Vice President, The Sumitomo Bank *Ryuji Takeuchi, Advisor to the Minirter for Foreign Affairs; former Ambarsador to the United States Eiji Toyoda, Chairman, Toyota Motor Company, Ltd. Seiki Tozaki, President, C. Itoh di Co., Ltd. Seiji Tsutsurni, Chairman, Seibu Department Store, Inc. Tadao Umesao, Direct06 Narional Mureum of Ethnology *Nobuhiko Ushiba, Advisor to Minister for Foreign Affairs; Japan Chairman of the Japan-US. Economic Relations Group Shogo Watanabe, Chairman, Nikko Securities Company, Lrd. 'Takeshi Watanabe, Former President, Asian Development Bank Toshihiko Yamashita, President, Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Kizo Yasui, Senior Advisor, Toray Industries, Inc. Hirokichi Yoshiyama, Presrdent, Hitachi, Ltd.
Former Members in Public Service
Kiichi Miyazawa, Minister of Stare, Chief Cabinet Secretary
THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
WASHINGTON, I?. C.
THE TRILATERAL COMMIS SI O N A Selected L i s t of References Compiled by Ruth S . F r e i t a g Research S e r v i c e s
Founded i n O c t o b e r 1973, t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission i s a n u n o f f i c i a l body w i t h members from North America, Western E u r o p e , and J a p a n who meet a s p r i v a t e c i t i z e n s , a t i n t e r v a l s of s i x t o n i n e months, t o d i s c u s s major i s s u e s o f common i n t e r e s t . According t o t h e s t a t e m e n t o f p u r p o s e s i s s u e d i n O c t o b e r 1973 by t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n ' s e x e c u t i v e c o m m i t t e e , "The Commiss i o n w i l l s e e k t o promote among J a p a n e s e , West Europeans and North Ameri c a n s t h e h a b i t o f working t o g e t h e r o n problems o f m u t u a l c o n c e r n , t o s e e k t o o b t a i n a s h a r e d u n d e r s t a n d i n g of t h e s e complex p r o b l e m s , and t o d e v i s e and d i s s e m i n a t e p r o p o s a l s o f g e n e r a l b e n e f i t . " Members a r e i n t h e main p e r s o n s o f i n f l u e n c e i n economic, p o l i t i c a l , news m e d i a , and academic c i r c i e s . The p u b l i s h e d r e p o r t s o f t h e t a s k f o r c e s a p p o i n t e d by t h e commission have d e a l t w i t h i n t e r n a t i o n a l economic and p o l i t i c a l i s s u e s s u c h a s o i l and o t h e r e n e r g y r e s o u r c e s , world t r a d e , a w o r l d m o n e t a r y s y s t e m , i n t e r n a t i o n a l i n s t i t u t i o n s and c o o p e r a t i o n , East-West r e l a t i o n s , c o n t r o l and e x p l o i t a t i o n o f t h e o c e a n s , and t h e d i f f i c u l t i e s c u r r e n t l y b e s e t t i n g democratic governnent s Although t h e commission had r e c e i v e d a c e r t a i n amount o f p u b l i c i t y s i n c e i t s f o u n d a t i o n , i n t e r e s t i n i t s a c t i v i t i e s g r e a t l y i n c r e a s e d when i t was o b s e r v e d t h a t P r e s i d e n t C a r t e r and Vice P r e s i d e n t Mondale, a s w e l l a s many h i g h - r a n k i n g a p p o i n t e d o f f i c i a l s i n t h e C a r t e r a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , had been members.
The p r e s e n t l i s t c i t e s a l l t h e c o m m i s s i o n ' s p u b l i c a t i o n s t h u s f a r i s s u e d and a s e l e c t i o n o f p u b l i s h e d w r i t i n g s a b o u t i t s a c t i v i t i e s and News i d e a s . The a r r a n g e m e n t i s r o u g h l y c h r o n o l o g i c a l i n e a c h p a r t s t o r i e s and r e v i e w s commenting s o l e l y on t h e r e p o r t s o f t h e t a s k f o r c e s a r e n o t i n c l u d e d . An u n c a t a l o g e d s e t o f t h e c o m m i s s i o n ' s p u b l i c a t i o n s i s a v a i l a b l e f o r examination i n t h e Bibliography S e c t i o n of t h e General Reading Rooms D i v i s o n .
P u b l i c a t i o n s I s s u e d by t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission T r i a l o g u e ; a b u l l e t i n o f American, E u r o p e a n , J a p a n e s e a f f a i r s . n o . 1+ Oct 1973+ New York, T r i l a t e r a l Commission [ N o r t h American O f f i c e ] i l l u s . quarterly ( irregular) R e p o r t s on a c t i v i t i e s o f t h e commission and d e v e l o p m e n t s i n the areas of i t s i n t e r e s t .
Annual r e p o r t .
[~ew ork] ~ HFl4lO. T74a
R e p o r t y e a r ends J u n e 3 0 . L holdings incomplete. C
T r i l a t e r a l Monetary Task F o r c e . Towards a r e n o v a t e d w o r l d m o n e t a r y s y s tem; a r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Monetary Task F o r c e t o t h e E x e c u t i v e C o m n i t t e e o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. R a p p o r t e u r s : Motoo Kaj i , R i c h a r d N. Cooper, C l a u d i o ~ e g r 6 . [New York, T r i l a t e r a l Commission, (The T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 1 ) HG3881.T69 1973 19731 44 p. DuchGne, F r a n ~ o i s ,K i n h i d e Mushakoj i , and Henry D . Owen. The c r i s i s o f international cooperation; a r e p o F o f the T r i l a t e r a l P o l i t i c a l Task F o r c e t o t h e E x e c u t i v e Committee o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. he T r i a n g l e pa[~ew York, T r i l a t e r a l C o m i s s i o n , 19741 36 p. pers, 2) T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e on R e l a t i o n s With Developing C o u n t r i e s . A t u r n i n g p o i n t i n North-South economic r e l a t i o n s ; a r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e o n R e l a t i o n s With Developing C o u n t r i e s t o t h e E x e c u t i v e R a p p o r t e u r s : Richard N . C o m n i t t e e o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Comnission. G a r d n e r , Saburo O k i t a , B. J . Udink. [New York, T r i l a t e r a l Commiss i o n , 19741 32 p. he T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 3 ) HF1411.T736 1974 T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e on T r a d e . D i r e c t i o n s f o r world t r a d e i n t h e n i n e t e e n - s e v e n t i e s ; a r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e on T r a d e t o t h e E x e c u t i v e Committee o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. R a p p o r t e u r s : Guido Colonna d i P a l i a n o , P h i l i p H . T r e s i z e , Nobuhiko Ushiba. [New York, T r i l a t e r a l Commission, 19741 36 p. (The T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 4 ) HF1721.T74 1974 T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e o n t h e P o l i t i c a l and I n t e r n a t i o n a l I m p l i c a t i o n s of t h e E n e r g y C r i s i s . Energy: t h e i m p e r a t i v e f o r a t r i l a t e r a l app r o a c h ; a r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e on t h e P o l i t i c a l and I n t e r n a t i o n a l I m p l i c a t i o n s o f t h e Energy C r i s i s t o t h e E x e c u t i v e C o m n i t t e e o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. R a p p o r t e u r s : J o h n C . Campb e l l , Guy d e Carmoy, S h i n i c h i Kondo. [New York, T r i l a t e r a l Commiss i o n , 19741 36 p. he T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 5 ) HD9502. A2T74 1974a T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e o n t h e P o l i t i c a l and I n t e r n a t i o n a l I m p l i c a t i o n s o f t h e Energy C r i s i s . Energy: a s t r a t e g y f o r i n t e r n a t i o n a l a c t i o n ; a r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e on t h e P o l i t i c a l and I n t e r n a t i o n a l I m p l i c a t i o n s o f t h e Energy C r i s i s t o t h e E x e c u t i v e Committee o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. R a p p o r t e u r s : John C . Campbell, Guy d e Carmoy, S h i n i c h i Kondo. [~ew York, T r i l a t e r a l Commission, 19741 48 p. he T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 6 ) HD9502.A2T74 1974 T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e o n R e l a t i o n s With Developing C o u n t r i e s . OPEC, t h e t r i l a t e r a l w o r l d , and t h e d e v e l o p i n g c o u n t r i e s : new a r r a n g e m e n t s f o r c o o p e r a t i o n , 1976-1980; a r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e on R e l a t i o n s With D e v e l o p i n g C o u n t r i e s t o t h e E x e c u t i v e Committee o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Comnission. R a p p o r t e u r s : Richard N . Gardner , Saburo O k i t a , B. J. Udink. [New York, T r i l a t e r a l Commission, 19751 32 p. he T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 7 ) HD9560.6.T7 1975
T r i l a t e r a l Commission. T r i l a t e r a l Commission t a s k f o r c e r e p o r t s , 1-7; t h e T r i a n g l e p a p e r s . A c o m p i l a t i o n o f r e p o r t s from t h e f i r s t two y e a r s o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. New York, New York U n i v e r s i t y P r e s s , 1977. 209 p. HF1411. T73 The c r i s i s of C r o z i e r , M i c h e l , Samuel P . H u n t i n g t o n , and J o j i Watanuki. democracy; r e p o r t o n t h e g o v e r n a b i l i t y o f d e m o c r a c i e s t o t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. [~ew ork] ~ New York U n i v e r s i t y P r e s s , 1975. 220 p. [The T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 81 JC421. C86 Includes bibliographic references. An a b b r e v i a t e d v e r s i o n o f H u n t i n g t o n ' s c h a p t e r o n t h e United S t a t e s a p p e a r s in P u b l i c I n t e r e s t , no. 4 1 , f a l l 1 9 7 5 , p. 9-38 (Hl. ~ 8 6 , 1 9 7 5 ) . Hardy, Michael J. L . , and o t h e r s . A new r e g i m e f o r t h e o c e a n s ; a r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e o n t h e Oceans t o t h e E x e c u t i v e Committ e e o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. [New York, T r i l a t e r a l Commission, 19761 54 p. (The T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 9 ) T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e on Commodities I s s u e s . S e e k i n g a new accommodation i n world commodity m a r k e t s ; a r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e on Commodities I s s u e s t o t h e E x e c u t i v e Committee o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Comm i s s i o n . R a p p o r t e u r s : C a r l E . B e i g i e , Wolfgang Hager, Sueo Sekiguchi. [New York, T r i l a t e r a l Commission, 19761 40 p. (The T r i HF1428.T73 1976 angle papers, 10) Berg st e n , C. F r e d , Georges B e r t h o i n , and K i n h i d e Mushakoj i The r e f o r m o f i n t e r n a t i o n a l i n s t i t u t i o n s ; a x p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e on I n t e r n a t i o n a l I n s t i t u t i o n s t o t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. [~ew York, T r i l a t e r a l Commission, 19761 31 p. (The T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 1 1 ) O r t o n a , E g i d i o , J . R o b e r t S c h a e t z e l , arid Nobuhiko Ushiba. The problem o f international consultations; a o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e on C o n s u l t a t i v e P r o c e d u r e s t o t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. [~ew York T r i l a t e r a l Commission, 19761 21 p. (The T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 1 2 )
T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e on C o n s t r u c t i v e T r i l a t e r a l - C o m m u n i s t C o o p e r a t i o n o n G l o b a l P r o b l e m s . C o l l a b o r a t i o n w i t h Communist c o u n t r i e s i n managing g l o b a l p r o b l e m s : an e x a m i n a t i o n o f t h e o p t i o n s ; a r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e on C o n s t r u c t i v e T r i l a t e r a l - C o m m u n i s t Cooperat i o n on Global Problems t o t h e ~ r i l a t e r a lCommission. Rapporteurs: C h i h i r o Hosoya, Henry Owen, Andrew S h o n f i e l d . [New York, T r i l a t e r a l Commission, 19771 33 p. he T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 1 3 ) 3x1395 .T72 1977 Masataka Kosaka. Towards a r e n o Cooper, R i c h a r d N . , K a r l K a i s e r , vated i n t e r n a t i o n a l system; a r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l I n t e g r a t o r s Task F o r c e t o t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. [New York, T r i l a t e r a l Comm i s s i o n , 19771 6 8 p. (The T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 1 4 ) HF1411.C5875
T r i l a t e r a l Comnission. T r i l a t e r a l Comnission t a s k f o r c e r e p o r t s , 9-14; a c o m p i l a t i o n o f r e p o r t s t o t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission completed i n 1976 and 1977. New York, New York U n i v e r s i t y P r e s s , 1978. 293 p. H 141 1. T734 F A z r a e l , Jeremy R . , R i c h a r d Lowenthal , and Toru Nakagawa. An o v e r v i e w of East-West r e l a t i o n s ; r e p o r t o f t h e r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e o n E a s t West R e l a t i o n s t o t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. [~ew York, T r i l a t e r a l D843. A9 Commission, 19781 70 p. (The T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 1 5 ) Colombo, Umberto, David Gale J o h n s o n , and T o s h i o S h i s h i d o . Reducing maln u t r i t i o n i n developing countries-increasing r i c e production i n S o u t h and S o u t h e a s t A s i a ; r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l North-South Food Task F o r c e t o t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. [New York, T r i l a t e r a l Comm i s s i o n , 19781 55 p. (The T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 1 6 ) SB191.R5C723 Energy: managing t h e S a w h i l l , J o h n C . , K e i i c h i Oshima, and Hanns Maul1 t r a n s i t i o n ; r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Energy Task F o r c e t o t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. [New York, T r i l a t e r a l Commission, 19781 x i v , 92 p. (The T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 1 7 ) HD9502.A2S38 Okamoto , and George C . Lodge. C o l l e c t i v e R o b e r t s , Benj amin C . , ~ i d e a k i b a r g a i n i n g and employee i n Western Europe, North Ameri c a and J a p a n ; r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e o n I n d u s t r i a l R e l a t i o n s t o t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. [~ew York, T r i l a t e r a l Comm i s s i o n , 19791 x v i i , 90 p . (The T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 1 8 ) HD6971.R638 A f u l l r e p o r t on t h e r e s u l t s o f t h e r e s e a r c h p r o j e c t s u w a r i z e d Euri n t h i s pape; was p u b l i s h e d a s Towards ~ n d u s t r i a l e m o c r a c ~ : ~ ( M o n t c l a i r [N. J . ] A l l a n h e l d , 0smun [ I 9 7 9 1 287 p . An A t l a n t i c I n s t i t u t e f o r I n t e r n a t i o n a l Aff a i r s r e s e a r c h volume. ~ D 8 3 7 6 . 5 . ~ 6 8, e d i t e d by Benjamin C. ) Roberts.
o p e ,
William Diebold. I n d u s t r i a l p o l i c y and P i n d e r , J o h n , T a k a s h i Hosomi, t h e i n t e r n a t i o n a l economy;, r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e o n [~ew York, T r i l a t I n d u s t r i a l P o l i c y t o t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. he T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 1 9 ) HD3611.P56 e r a l Comnission, 19791 82 p. T r i l a t e r a l Commission. The T r i l a t e r a l Commission; a p r i v a t e North h e r ican-European-Japanese i n i t i a t i v e o n m a t t e r s o f common c o n c e r n . [New York, 19791 [81 p. T r i l a t e r a l Commission. O c t o b e r 2 0 , 1980. The T r i l a t e r a l Commission [membership l i s t ] a s o f [~ew York, 19801 [ I l l p .
Books and A r t i c l e s About t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission and T r i l a t e r a l i s m R e s t o n , James. Japan demands e q u a l i t y . New York t i m e s , v . 122, Mar. 2 , 1973: 35. NdCPR D i s c u s s e s t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission, t h e n b e i n g formed. The West and Japan: t h e new A t l a n t i s . ~ c o n o m i s t ,v . 247, May 5 , 1973: 30-31. illus. HG11.E2, v . 247 Includes discussion of t h e e f f o r t s t o organize t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. Bridge b u i l d e r s . Times (London), O c t . 15, 1973: 23.
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H a l l o r a n , R i c h a r d . U.S.-Japanese-European body o f f t o a shaky s t a r t i n N& C P R Tokyo. New York t i m e s , v . 123, O c t . 24, 1973: 4 . O b e r d o r f e r , Don. 3-cornered commission opens world p a r l e y . p o s t , O c t . 24, 1973: E-11. Bowie, Robert R. T r i l a t e r a l c o o p e r a t i o n . O c t . 3 1 , 1973: 1 4 . Washington NdCPR
C h r i s t i a n Science monitor, N& C P R
Roth, William V . S t a t e m e n t of S e n a t o r Roth b e f o r e Wilmington Rotary Club. C o n g r e s s i o n a l r e c o r d , 93d C o n g r e s s , 1 s t s e s s i o n , v . 1 1 9 , Dec. 20, 1973: 42839-42840. J l l . R 5 , v . 119 A s p e e c h on U.S. f o r e i g n p o l i c y e n t i t l e d "The United S t a t e s , Western Europe, and J a p a n : T r i l a t e r a l i s m a s a New Dimension i n International Relations .'I Darby, Edwin. A new b r a i n t r u s t t o t a c k l e t h e f u t u r e . t i m e s , Feb. 24, 1974: 79. C h i l d s , Marquis. B u i l d i n g worldwide economic b r i d g e s . June 25, 1974: A-19. Chicago sunNdCPR Washington p o s t , NdCPR
B r z e z i n s k i , Zbigniew K . The t r i l a t e r a l r e l a t i o n s h i p . SAIS r e v i e w , v . 1 8 , no. 4 , 1974: 4-12. D839.S35, v . 1 8 Arguments f o r a new o r i e n t a t i o n o f U.S. - a l l i e d r e l a t i o n s h i p s r e p r e s e n t some o f t h e r e a s o n i n g behind t h e founding o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. K i s s i n g e r l i n e on o i l r a p p e d . Japan t i m e s , Dec. 11, 1974: 5. NhCPR R e p o r t s s p e e c h by George B a l l a t t h e Washington m e e t i n g o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Comuission. M a r s h a l l P l a n of a i d t o poor s t a t e s u r g e d . Japan t i m e s , Dec. 1 1 , 1974: 10. N&CPR R e p o r t s s p e e c h by P a u l de L o u v r i e r a t t h e Washington m e e t i n g o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Conanission.
Berger, Marilyn. ~rilateralgroup calls for ington post, Dec. 11, 1974: A-3.
idea st 'guarantee.' WashNCCPR
Mideast peace guarantee asked. Japan times, Dec. 12, 1974: 4. NhCPR Summarizes points made in a communique issued by the Trilateral Commission at the conclusion of its two-day meeting in Washington. Pierre, Henri. Un groupe d'experts internationaux approuve la proposition franqaise de conference trilatdrale. Le Monde, 14 dec. 1974: 12. NC CPR Dale, ~ d w i n L. Plan is offered to channel oil money to poor lands. New York times, v. 124, Dec. 27, 1974: 3. NCCPR Falk, Richard. [The Trilateral Commission] In his A new paradigm for international legal studies: prospects and proposals. Yale law journal, v. 84, Apr. 1975: 1004-1009. K29.A4, v. 84 Democratic goals upheld by panel; international group rejects report calling for more governmental authority. New York times, v. 124, June 1, 1975: 17. NCCPR Rosenfeld, Stephen S. The new multinational establishment. Washington post, June 6, 1975: A-28. NGCPR Christopher, Robert C. The world's new cold war. Newsweek, v. 85, June 16, 1975: 37. illus. AP2.N6772, v. 85 On the Kyoto conference of the Trilateral Commission. Grose , Peter. Japan reaches out. New York times, v. 124, June 17, 1975 : 33. NGCPR The United Nations University and the Trilateral Commission are "two cultural institutions which drew their original inspiration from abroad only to be embraced as special protdgks by the Japanese intelligentsia." Vernay, Alain. Avec la Commission trilat6rale: la diplomatie des affaires appuie le dialogue nord-sud. Figaro, 2 dec. 1975: 12. NhCPR
n Foreign Area Research Coordination Group. The Trilateral Commission. I FAR horizons, v. 9 , summer 1976: 1-4. D16.25.F6a, v. 9
United States: Carter and Latin America. Latin America, a weekly political report, v. 10, July 16, 1976: 221-222. HC121.L27, v. 10 Chiefly on the Trilateral Commission and the influence it may have on Carter's views of Latin America. Heren, Louis. Mr. Carter looks to past glories in considering foreign NCCPR policy. Times ondo don), July 17, 1976: 12. Includes discussion of the Trilateral Commission.
Duffy, Gloria. Shaping Carter 's world view. Washington post, Aug. 15, NdCPR 1976: C-5. illus. "Carter supports pol icies which follow the contours of Brzezinski's tnought The Trilateral Commission was a prime medium for the transmission of Brzezinski's ideas to Carter."
Ullman, Richard H. Trilateralism: "partnership" for what? Foreign afD410.F6, v. 55 fairs, v. 55, Oct. 1976: 1-19. port. Johnstone, Diana. Une strategie "trilatkrale." 23. annee, nov. 1976: 1, 13. Farrow, Moira. The global old boys' think tank. 1976: 6. illus. Le Monde diplomatique, JX3.M65, v. 23 Vancouver sun, Dec. 14, N&CPR
Carter's brain trusts: the Trilateral Commission, the Brookings Institution. Time, v. 108, Dec. 20, 1976: 19. illus. AP2.T37, v. 108 Ruiz ~ a r c i a , Enrique. La Comisi6n Trilateral: explicacidn de un proceso de poder. In his La era de Carter; las transnacionales, fase superior del imperialismo. Madrid, Alianza Editorial 119771 (El Libro del bolsillo, 672. Secci6n Humanidades) p. 35-47. HC106.7.R82 Silk, Leonard. Carter and key advisers among the trilateralists. York times, v. 126, Jan. 6, 1977: 41. ports. Trilateral Commission opens meeting in Tokyo. 10, 1977: 1, 3. illus, New N&CPR
Asahi evening news, Jan. NdCPR Asahi evening news, NdCPR
Trilateral body sees need for 'recovery package.' Jan. 12, 1977: 1 .
Novak, Jeremiah. Carter team plans international financial revision. N&CPR Christian Science monitor, Jan. 12, 1977: 11. '~a~an should expect trade deficit in the near future.' Japan times, Jan. 12, 1977: 1. illus. NdCPR Comments made to the press by several participants in ,the Tokyo meeting of the Trilateral Commission. Greider, William. Trilateralists to abound in Carter's White House--but what are they? Washington post, Jan. 16, 1977: A-1, A-4. N&CPR The Trilateral Commission. Congressional record, 95th Congress, 1st session, v. 123, Jan. 19, 1977: 1698-1703. Jll.R5, v. 123
Novak, J e r e m i a h . T r i l a t e r a l i s m : a new world s y s t e m . The ~ r i l a t e r a l Commission h a s a t t r a c t e d some o f t h e b e s t minds o f E u r o p e , J a p a n and t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s , and i t i s n o t t o o e a r l y t o s p e a k o f a new ' i s m ' : t r i l a t e r a l i s m . America, v . 136, Feb. 5 , 1977: 95-99. BX801.A5, v . 136 Novak, J e r e m i a h . New world economic s y s t e m dawns. From t h e a s h e s of B r e t t o n Woods, C a r t e r ' s proposed summit c o u l d g i v e t h e T r i l a t e r a l Comnission a sendof f f o r i t s v i s i o n o f a p r o s p e r o u s , s t a b l e p l a n e t . C h r i s t i a n S c i e n c e m o n i t o r , Feb. 7, 1977: 18-19. illus. NC CPR Whitman, Marina v. N . C a r t e r ' s ' T r i l a t e r a l conspiracy. ' C h r i s t i a n SciN& CPR e n c e m o n i t o r , Feb. 7, 1977: 35. t h e r e i s no r e a l a l t e r n a t i v e t o working t o g e t h e r t o s o l v e common problems i n an i n t e r d e p e n d e n t w o r l d . And t h a t , i n e s s e n c e , i s what t h e ' ~ r i l a t e r a lc o n s p i r a c y ' i s a l l about
Lewis, P a u l . A White House s u p p l y d e p o t : t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. New York t i m e s , v . 1 2 6 , Feb. 1 3 , 1 9 7 7 , s e c t i o n 4: 5 . p o r t . NCCPR " T r i l a t e r a l i s t s " a t top--new f o r e i g n - p o l i c y e l i t e . p o r t , v. 8 2 , Feb. 21, 1977: 31. p o r t s . U.S. news h world r e JKl.U65, v. 82
A. "~rekhstoronnca?a strategica" i ee evol&tsiia. Matveev, ~ i k e n t i i Mirovaca ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye o t n o s h e n i r a , mart 1977: 14-24. HClO.M5357, 1977
Hayden, Tom. The unchanging o f t h e g u a r d . C a r t e r ' s f o r e i g n p o l i c y i s i n t h e h a n d s o f r e c y c l e d c o l d w a r r i o r s . R o l l i n g s t o n e , no. 234, Mar. MLl.R65, 1977 1 0 , 1977: 36-39. illus. B r o d e r , David S. Back t o C a r t e r ' s b a s i c s . Washington p o s t , Mar. 13, NCCPR 1977: C-7. S e e s t h e " T r i l a t e r a l i s t " s t r a i n a s one o f t h r e e i m p o r t a n t i n f l u e n c e s on t h e p r e s i d e n t ' s f o r e i g n p o l i c y . B i r d , K a i . T r i l a t e r a l i s m g o e s t o work: c o - o p t i n g t h e t h i r d world illus. elites. N a t i o n , v . 224, Apr. 9 , 1977: 425-428. AP2.N2, v . 224 S e w e l l , James P. T r a d e - o f f s o f t r i l a t e r a l i s m : a Carter design? InterJX1.1635, 1977 n a t i o n a l p e r s p e c t i v e s , May/ J u n e 1977: 30-34. The T r i l a t e r a l Commission. T e n n i s o n , Debbie C . ~ a y / J u n e1977: 476-477. N a t i o n a l d e f e n s e , v. 61, UF1.067, v . 61
A l l e n , Mark. James E. C a r t e r and t h e T r i l a t e r a l C o m i s s i o n : a s o u t h e r n E185.5.B575, v . 8 strategy. Black s c h o l a r , v . 8 , May 1977: 2-7. Branch, T a y l o r . 30. p o r t . Where Jimmy went wrong. E s q u i r e , v. 8 7 , May 1977: 28, AP2.E845, v . 87
Bowles, Samuel. The Trilateral Commission: have capitalism and democracy come to a parting of the ways? Progressive, v. 41, June 1977: 20-23. illus. AP2.P8655, v. 41 White, Donald K. New members of classy club: Miller, Cranston. Francisco chronicle, June 17, 1977: 62. port. San N&CPR
Allen, Gary. America, 1977: in quicksand up to our waist. American opinion, v. 20, July 1977: 1-5, 7-9, 11-13, 15-17, 19-20. ports. AP2.04732, v. 20 On important figures in the Carter administration who have been associated with the Council on Foreign Relations and/or the Trilateral Commission. Novak, Jeremiah. The trilateral connection. Atlantic, v. 240, July 1977: 57-59. AP2.A8, v. 240 A letter to the editor from Alfred A. Knopf, commenting briefly on this article, appears in the Sept. 1977 issue, p 28. . Manning, Robert A. The making of a President. Penthouse, v. 9, Sept. 1977: 118-119. illus. AP2.P413, v. 9 "His folksy, populist image notwithstanding, Carter's path to the White House parallels the develop~entof the Trilateral Commission
Trilateral post goes to David Rockefeller. New York times, v. 126, Sept. N&CPR 8, 1977: D-9. Rockefeller replaces Gerard C. Smith as North American chairman. Collison, Robert. Is there a Rockefeller conspiracy in your future? The Trilateral Commission has a grand design for a new world order; you've been warned. Saturday night, v. 92, Oct. 1977: 30-31, 33-34+ Kyle, Keith. Trilateral power: will Russia get the cold shoulder? Times (London), Oct. 11, 1977: 14. N&CPR Martin, Patrick. 44r+ Rocky's U.N. Maclean's, v. 90, Oct. 17, 1977: 44m-4411,
Brzezinski asserts U.S. makes gains on Mideast. New York times, v. 127, Oct. 26, 1977: A-2. NCCPR Summary of a statement made at a meeting of the Trilateral Commission in Bonn.
Karpel, Craig S . Cartergate. Penthouse, v. 9 , Nov. 1977: 69-70, 72, 74, 90, 104, 106, 130; Dec.: 89-90, 94, 160, 166-167. col. illus. AP2.P413, v. 9 Contents: 1 The death of democracy.--2. . The real President [Brzezinski] "David ~ockefeller'sprivate club, the Trilateral Commission, has taken over the Carter administration." Allen, Gary. They're catching on. American opinion, v. 20, Nov. 1977: 1-4, 73-75, 77-79, 81, 83, 85, 87, 89-90; Dec.: 19-21, 23, 25, 27, 29, 31, 33-34, 105-110. illus. (part col.) AP2.04732, v. 20 Asserts that the Rockefellers groomed Carter for the presidency and that his appointment of members of the Trilateral Commission to important posts in his administration has given control of policy (especially foreign policy) to the wealthy establishment. Brzezinski, Zbigniew K. U.S. policy in an awakened, complex world. washington post, Nov. 1, 1977: A-19. illus. NGCPR I t . excerpted from an address to the Trilateral Commission in Bonn Oct. 25." Harley, Richard M. Trilateral Commission joins battle against hunger. Christian Science monitor, Nov. 29, 1977: 20. illus. N&CPR Frieden, Jeff. The Trilateral Commission: economics and politics in the 1970s. Monthly review, v. 29, Dec. 1977: 1-18. HXl.M66, v. 29 Comment by the editors follows on p 19-21. . Wolfe, Alan. The trilateralist straddle: Carter's Russia watchers. Nation, v. 225, Dec. 31, 1977: 712-715. illus. AP2.N2, v. 225 Carter y la 16gica del imperialismo. Hugo Assmann (ed.) Colaboran: Noam Chomsky, Theotonio Dos Santos [et al. Ciudad Universitaria Rodrigo Facio, Costa Rica] EDUCA, Editorial Universitaria Centro E873.C38 Americana [I9781 2 v. (Coleccibn DEI) Includes bibliographic references. "~ibliografiasobre la ~omisi6nTrilateral": t. 1, p. 165-167. Most of the articles and translations relating to the Trilateral Commission are in t. 1. Goldring, Maurice. Dkmocratie, croissance zkro. ciales [I9781 187 p. On The Crisis of Democracy. [Paris] ~ditionssoJC421 .G64
Gomez Arango, Gilberto, Ernesto Parra Escobar. El nuevo orden economico international y la Trilateral. Bogota, Centro de Investigation y Educacion Popular, 1978. 150 p. (Serie Controversia, no. 68/69) HF1411.G654 Bibliography: p. 149-150.
Goshko, John M . T r i l a t e r a l g r o u p s t u d i e s m e r g e r . Washington p o s t , J a n . 1 8 , 1978: A-12. N&CPR The T r i l a t e r a l Commission i s c o n s i d e r i n g a m e r g e r w i t h t h e A t l a n t i c I n s t i t u t e , a s i m i l a r p r i v a t e o r g a n i z a t i o n based i n P a r i s . The T r i l a t e r a l o b s e r v e r . Corp. m o n t h l y . v . 1+ Feb. 1978+ S c o t t s d a l e , A r i z . , August
U t k i n , A n a t o l i i I . ~ o n f s e ~ t ' s i i ' a" t r e k h s t o r o n n o s t i " v s t r a t e g i i i m p e r i a Mirovaca ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye o t n o s h e n i c a , f e b r 1978: lizma 13-23. HClO.M5357, 1978
Lanouet t e , William J . T r i l a t e r a l c o n s p i r a c y t h e o r i e s . v . 1 0 , Feb. 1 1 , 1978: 235.
National journal, JKl.N28, v . 10
Updated l i s t o f T r i l a t e r a l Commission members. C o n g r e s s i o n a l r e c o r d [ d a i l y e d . ] , 95th C o n g r e s s , 2d s e s s i o n , v . 124, Feb. 21, 1978: S1989-S1991. J l l . R 7 , v . 124 Brauch, Hans G . The new i n t e r n a t i o n a l economic o r d e r and t h e USA. Auss e n p o l i t i k , E n g l i s h e d . , v . 2 9 , 2d q u a r t e r 1978: 175-189. D839 .A8853, v . 29 "The a t t i t u d e s o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Coamissian, t h e O v e r s e a s Development C o u n c i l , t h e Worldwatch I n s t i t u t e and t h e l o b b y o r g a n i z a t i o n , New ~ i r e c t i o n s "a r e d e s c r i b e d a s examples. D u a r t e , Gorjilo, CommissZo t r i l a t e r a l : nomia E C , a b r i l / m a i o 1978: 5-16. internacional c a p i t a l i s t a . Eco-
A l l e n , Gary. They r u n America. American o p i n i o n , v . 21, May 1978: 1-4, 71-77, 79, 8 1 , 83, 85-88; J u n e : 33-37, 39-41, 4 3 , 4 5 , 4 7 , 4 9 , 5 1 , 53, 55-56, 105, 1 0 7 , 109-110. i l l u s . (part col.) AP2 .O4732, v . 21 Names i n d i v i d u a l s who a r e members o f t h e C o u n c i l o n F o r e i g n Rel a t i o n s and t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission and e x e c u t i v e s o f m u l t i n a t i o n a l c o r p o r a t i o n s and i n t e r n a t i o n a l b a n k s . ~ i t t m a n ,J o h n . ' ~ r i l a t e r a l i s m l - - u . S . i m p e r i a l i s m ' s new s c e n a r i o . World M a r x i s t r e v i e w , v . 2 1 , May 1978: 104-114. HX8.P723, v . 21 We' ve been a s k e d - - ~ r i l a t e r a l commission: how i n f l u e n t i a l ? U .S. news & world r e p o r t , v . 8 4 , May 22, 1978: 74-75. ports. JKl.U65, v . 84 I n c l u d e s i n s e t s on former t r i l a t e r a l i s t s i n t h e C a r t e r administ r a t i o n and p r o n i n e n t R e p u b l i c a n s on t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission.
H i l l p a n e l , l a b o r c h a l l e n g e C a r t e r on f o r e i g n p o l i c y . 'Growing f e e l i n g o f u n c e r t a i n t y , ' by Hobart Rowen. Washington p o s t , June 1 2 , 1978: A port. N&CPR 1 R e p o r t s on a n a d d r e s s by S o l C . C h a i k i n , p r e s i d e n t o f t h e ILGWU and a new member o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission, g i v e n a t t h e openi n g s e s s i o n o f t h e l a t t e r g r o u p ' s Washington m e e t i n g .
Rowen, H o b a r t . O i l s u p p l y a d e q u a t e , p o s s i b l y t o 1 9 9 0 ~ ~ i l a t e r a l ComTr m i s s i o n s t u d y c o n c l u d e s . Washington p o s t , J u n e 14, 1978: D-9, D-10. N CPR d Also n o t e s t h a t t h e commission, d u r i n g i t s Washington m e e t i n g , "voted t o e x t e n d i t s l i f e f o r a n o t h e r t h r e e y e a r s . A p r o p o s a l t o merge w i t h t h e A t l a n t i c I n s t i t u t e was s c r a p p e d . " H a l l o r a n , R i c h a r d . T r i l a t e r a l u n i t c r i t i c i z e s o f f i c i a l p l a n s on e n e r g y . New York t i m e s , v . 1 2 7 , June 1 5 , 1978: D-4. NhCPR G r e i d e r , William. T r i l a t e r a l i s t s : b i g t y c o o n s on d e f e n s i v e . p o s t , June 1 9 , 1978: A-1, A-14, A - 1 5 . Zorgbibe, Charles. 1978: 41-53. Washington NbCPR
~ r i l a t d r a l i s m e . Defense n a t i o n a l e , 34. a n n e e , j u i l . D410.R45, v. 34
~ o r o n ~ s o v ,e n n a d i i ~ A. T r i l a t e r a l i s t w - n e w i m p e r i a l i s t s t r a t e g y . New t i m e s ( M O S C O W no. 43, Oct. 1978: 18-20. ), D839.N483, 1978 Karaganov, S. The T r i l a t e r a l c o o r d i n a t i o n c e n t r e f o r i m p e r i a l i s t p o l i c y . , D839.1465, 1978 I n t e r n a t i o n a l a f f a i r s (MOSCOW)Dec. 1978: 106-110. Lemann, N i c h o l a s . A c a l l t o f a r m s . Texas m o n t h l y , v . 6 , Dec. 1978: 1691 7 0 , 1 7 2 , 1 7 4 , 176. i l l u s . F381.T363, v. 6 "When p o p u l i s t o r a t o r J. C. Lewis warns o f a [ T r i l a t e r a l Comm i s s i o n ] c o n s p i r a c y t o t a k e o v e r t h e w o r l d , p e o p l e i n t h e farm belt listen
O r r a n t i a , Mikel. La T r i l a t e r a l ; 10s c e n t r o s d e poder [ I 9 7 9 1 338 p. B i b l i o g r a p h y : p. 333-334.
D o n o s t i a , Hordago HF1411.0666
S u t t o n , Antony C. , and p a t r i c k M. Wood. T r i l a t e r a l s o v e r Washington. [ S c o t t s d a l e , A r i z . ] August Corp. [1979, ~ 1 9 7 8 1 188 p . HF1411.S8864 V a l 1 i e r e s , P i e r r e . La democrat i e i n g o u v e r n a b l e M o n t r e a l , ~ u d b e cAmel r i q u e [ I 9 7 9 1 232 p. HF1411.V35 C o n t e n t s : Le " ~ e wDeal" d e s annees 80.--Le v i r u s d u f a s c i s m e . --Le coup d ' k t a t d e David Rockefeller.-La stratbgie trilatbrale. finir. --Les "excks" d e l a ddmocratie.--Une g u e r r e ~ o r o n t ^ s o v , ~ e n n a d i zA. ~ r e k h s t o r o n n c a l " a kontr'septnsica: t i k a . Voprosy i s t o r i i , a p r . 1979: 94-109. teorilr'a i prakD1.V6, 1979
Lernoux, Penny. T r i l a t e r a l Commission p r o t e c t s F i r s t World c o r p o r a t e emp i r e . N a t i o n a l C a t h o l i c r e p o r t e r , v . 1 5 , Apr. 1 7 , 1979: 8 , 10. illus. Micro 02591 B X
F a l k , R i c h a r d . T r i l a t e r a l i z a t i o n . I n h i s A world o r d e r p e r s p e c t i v e on a u t h o r i t a r i a n t e n d e n c i e s . A l t e r n a t i v e s , v . 5 , Aug. 1979: 171-176. map. P a r t o f a s t u d y o f " t h e growing g l o b a l t r e n d toward a u t h o r i The map ( p . 172) shows " T r i l a t e r a l i z e d count a r i a n regimes .'I t r i e s .'I D u p e r i e r , L i s a . The T r i l a t e r a l Comnission: o r g a n i z a t i o n and i m p a c t . Washington, House Wednesday Group, 1980. 13 l e a v e s . (Wednesday Group s t a f f r e p o r t ) S k l a r , H o l l y , &. T r i l a t e r a l i s m : t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission and e l i t e p l a n n i n g f o r world management. Boston, South End P r e s s , 1980. 604 p. Trilateralism. A s p e c i a l p u b l i c a t i o n by t h e New York C i r c u s . [New York, HF1456 1380.T74 New York C i r c u s , 19801 36 p . i l l u s . The B o c k e f e l l e r t r i a n g l e ; a c o u n t r y e d i t o r ' s documented Wilkerson, B i l l . r e p o r t on t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission p l a n f o r world government. Idal o u , Tex., I d a l o u Beacon, 1980. 44 p. JC362.W519 Rees, John. P o p u l a r h i s t o r i a n Gary A l l e n : an e x c l u s i v e i n t e r v i e w w i t h Review o f t h e news, v . 1 6 , t h e leading a u t h o r i t y on t r i l a t e r a l i s m . Feb. 27, 1980: 39-41, 43, 45, 4 7 , 49, 51, 53-54. port. D839.R42, v . 16 G u i l t by a s s o c i a t i o n . M a c l e a n ' s , v. 9 3 , Mar. 1 0 , 1980: 33. Newsweek, v . 95, AP2.N6772, v. 95 U.S. news & JKl.U65, v. 88
Mayer, A l l a n J . , and o t h e r s . The ~ r i l a t e r a le l i t e . Mar. 24, 1980: 38. i l l u s .
We've been a s k e d - - j u s t what i s t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission? world r e p o r t , v. 88, Apr. 7, 1980: 37. p o r t s . K r i s t o l , I r v i n g . The T r i l a t e r a l Commission f a c t o r . v. 1 9 5 , Apr. 1 6 , 1980: 26. Novak, J e r e m i a h . The T r i l a t e r a l c o n t r o v e r s y . illus. Apr. 1 7 , 1980: 12-13.
Wall S t r e e t j o u r n a l , N&CPR
Christian science monitor, N&CPR
Heck, C h a r l e s B. N ' N o r t h American s h e l l . ' C h r i s t i a n s c i e n c e m o n i t o r , o Apr. 1 7 , 1980: 13. N&CPR Comments by t h e North American s e c r e t a r y o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Comm i s s i o n on s a n e o f t h e p o i n t s made by Novak ( s e e p r e c e d i n g e n t r y ) . R o c k e f e l l e r , David. ' ~ o o l i s ha t t a c k s on f a l s e i s s u e s . ' Wall S t r e e t j o u r n a l , v . 195, Apr. 3 0 , 1980: 26. N&CPR Defends t h e Commission a g a i n s t e x t r e m i s t c r i t i c s .
A l l e n , Gary. David R o c k e f e l l e r . American o p i n i o n , v . 2 3 , May 1980: 1-4, col. ports. AP2.04732, v . 23 87-89, 91, 93, 95, 97-98. "David R o c k e f e l l e r , who h e a d s t h e T r i l a t e r a l s , h a s become a h o t political issue
S t a n g , Alan. What t h e T r i l a t e r a l s want from you. American o p i n i o n , col. v . 2 3 , May 1980: 5-7, 9-10, 9 9 , 1 0 1 , 103-104, 106, 109-110. port. AP2.04732, v . 23 The p o r t r a i t i s o f B r z e z i n s k i . The T r i l a t e r a l Commission's membership l i s t a s o f Nov. 20, 1 9 7 9 , i s r e p r o d u c e d on p. 11, 13-14 o f t h i s i s s u e . R o c k e f e l l e r , David. In pursuit o f a consistent foreign policy: the Tril a t e r a l Comnission. V i t a l s p e e c h e s o f t h e d a y , v. 4 6 , J u n e 1 5 , 1980: 517-520. PN6121.V52, v . 46 D e l i v e r e d a t t h e Los Angeles World A f f a i r s C o u n c i l , Apr. 1 0 , 1980. and F e r g u s o n , Thomas, - J o e l R o g e r s . Another T r i l a t e r a l e l e c t i o n ? N a t i o n , v . 230, June 2 8 , 1980: 771, 783-787. AP2.N2, v . 230 Examines why t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission "emerged under Nixon, came t o power w i t h C a r t e r , and now must c o n t e n d w i t h t h e r i s e of Ronald Reagan." Novak, J e r e m i a h . 23. The t r i l a t e r a l e r a . Worldview, v . 23, Aug. 1980: 21D839.W66, v. 23
R o c k e f e l l e r , David. The T r i l a t e r a l Commission e x p l a i n e d . S a t u r d a y even i n g p o s t , v . 252, O c t . 1980: 3 6 , 38, 84. p o r t . AP2.S22, v . 252
F l i n t , J e r r y . What's a T r i l a t e r a l Commission? 1980: 45-46, 4 9 . i l l u s . , ports.
F o r b e s , v . 1 2 6 , Nov. 24, HF5001.F6, v . 126