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Rules on Categorical Syllogism 1. There must only be three terms Fallacy of Equivocation or 4 terms a.

. The middle term should be ta en in the same sense !univocal" #. The middle term must be distributed at least once$ universally Fallacy of %ndistributed &iddle Term '. (o term can have greater e)tension in the conclusion than in the *remises + Fallacy of ,llicit &a-or Term. Fallacy of ,llicit &inor Tem a. (o term can be a universal in the conclusion if it is *articular in the *remise 4. (o middle term should be found in the conclusion &is*laced &iddle Term /. From t0o affirmative *remise$ no negative conclusion should follo0 Fallacy of having a negative conclusion from # affirmative *remises 1. From t0o negative *remise$ no conclusion should follo0 Fallacy of having a conclusion from # negative *remises 2. From t0o *articular *remise$ no conclusion should follo0 Fallacy of having a conclusion from # *articular *remises 3. The conclusion must follo0 the 0ea er side Fallacy of having a conclusion that does not follo0 the 0ea er side !4articular over %niversal5 (egative over 6ffirmative" 6ll entre*reneurs are o**ortunist 6ll gamblers are o**ortunist 6ll gamblers are entre*reneurs. u* u* u*

6ll consumers are quality conscious u* 6ll quality conscious *ersons are idealists. u * 6ll idealists are consumers. u* 6 %niversal 6ffirmative E %niversal (egative , 4articular 6ffirmative 7 4articular (egative 486R C69 4roof :allon ; gallon ) *ercentage strength of sol<n 5 /=> 4roof :allon ; gallon ) *roof strength of sol<n 5 1== !*roof" :allon ; *roof gallon ) /=> 5 *ercentage strength :allon ; *roof gallon ) 1== 5 *roof strength