The pupillary light reflex involves adjustments in pupil size with changes in light levels.

The reflex is consensual, normally light that is directed in one eye produces pupil constriction in both eyes.
a.

The direct response is the change in pupil size in the eye to which the light is directed (e.g., if the light is shone in the right eye, the right pupil constricts).

b.

The consensual response is the change in pupil size in the eye opposite to the eye to which the light is directed (e.g., if the light is shone in the right eye, the left pupil also constricts consensually).

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