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1. The following differential equation is available for a physical phenomenon.

d2y dx 2 + 50 = 0, 0 x 10

Trial function is y = a1 x 10 x ) !oundary conditions are, y 0) " 0 y 10) " 0

#ind the value of the parameter a, by the following methods. i) collocation iv) %aler&in 2. 'iscuss the following methods to solve the given differential equation(
EI d2y M x) = 0 dx 2

ii) sub\$domain

iii) least squares

with the boundary condition y 0) " 0 and y H) " 0 ii) *ollection method. [AU, April / May 2010]

i) )ariant method

3. + cantilever beam of length , is loaded with a point load at the free end. #ind the ma-imum deflection and ma-imum bending moment using .ayleigh\$.it/ method using the function 2008] 4. 'etermine the e-pression for deflection and bending moment in a simply supported beam sub5ected to uniformly distributed load over entire span. #ind the deflection and moment at mid span and compare with e-act solution using .ayleigh\$.it/ method. 6se y " a1 sin x11) 7 a2 sin 8 x 11) [AU, Nov / Dec 2008]
Y = A21 cos x 1 2 L )0.

Y = a sin x) . L

L EI

[AU, Nov / Dec 2007] 6. 4f a displacement field is described by

u = x 2 + 2 y 2 + : xy )10 9
v = 8 x + : y y 2 )10 9 ,

'etermine x, y, xy at the point x = 1, y = 0. 7. 3-plain the %aussian elimination method for the solving of simultaneous linear algebraic equations with an e-ample. [AU, April / May 2008] 8. #or the spring system shown in figure, calculate the global stiffness matri-, displacements of nodes 2 and 8, the reaction forces at node 1 and 9. +lso calculate the forces in the spring 2. +ssume, k1 " k8 " 100 N/m, k2 " 200 N/m, u1 " u9" 0 and P"500 N. [AU, April / May 2010]

9. *onsider the differential equation boundary conditions y

0) = 0; y 1) = 0 .

d 2 y 1 dx 2 ) + 900 x 2 = 0

for 0 x 1 sub5ect to

I = 20.5 dy 1 dx) 2 + 900 x 2 y0

0

#ind the solution of the problem using .ayleigh\$.it/ method by considering a two\$ term solution as y x) = c1 x 1 x) + c2 x 2 1 x). 2009] 10. 'erive the equation of equilibrium in case of a three dimensional stress system. [AU, Nov / Dec 2008] 11. <hat is constitutive relationship= 3-press the constitutive relations for a linear elastic isotropic material including initial stress and strain. [AU, Nov / Dec 2009] 12. + physical phenomenon is governed by the differential equation
d 2 w 1 dx 2 ) 10 x 2 = 5 for 0 x 1.

[AU, Nov / Dec

The

boundary

conditions

are

given

by

w 0) = w 1) = 0 .

!y ta&ing two\$term trial solution as w x ) = C1 f1 x) + C2 f 2 x)

f 2 x ) = x 2 x 1), find the solution of the problem using

[AU, Nov / Dec 2009]

13. +naly/e a simply supported beam sub5ected to uniformly distributed load throughout using .ayliegh .it/ method. +dopt one parameter trigonometric function. 3valuate the ma-imum deflection and bending moment and compare with e-act solution [AU, Nov / Dec 2010]

14. >olve the following system of equations using %auss elimination method.
x1 + 8 x 2 + 2 x8 = 18 2 x1 + x 2 x8 = 8 5 x1 + x 2 + 8 x8 = :

[AU, Nov / Dec 2009]

15. >olve the following system of equations using %auss elimination method. 2?r17:r2 "1

:r17 29r27:r8 "0 :r272?r87?r9 ?r871:r9 "\$1 "10 [AU, Nov / Dec 2010]

T"?0o C. 'etermine the displacements, element stresses and support reactions.

[AU, Nov / Dec 2009]

17. *onsider a two\$bar supported by a spring shown in figure. !oth bars have E " 210 Pa and +"5.0 -10\$9 m2. !ar one has a length of 5m and bar two has a length of 10 m. The spring stiffness is &" 2 kN/m. 'etermine the hori/ontal and vertical displacements at the 5oint 1 and stresses in each bar. [AU, Nov / Dec 2009]

18. The simply supported beam shown in figure is sub5ected to a uniform transverse load, as shown. 6sing two equal\$length elements and wor&\$equivalent nodal loads obtain a finite element solution for the deflection at mid\$span and compare it to the solution given by elementary beam theory. [AU, April / May 2010]

19. 3ach of the five bars of the pin 5ointed truss shown in figure below has a cross sectional area 20 !". cm. and 3 " 200 Pa.

100 KN 50 KN

1m

1m

#orm the equation # " @6 where @ is the assembled stiffness matri- of the structure. #ind the forces in all the five members. [AU, April / May 2008]

20. 'etermine the 5oint displacements, the 5oint reactions, element forces and element stresses of the given truss elements. [AU, April / May - 2010]

Figure Truss with applied load Table 1: Ele e!t propert" #ate 3lement s 1 2 8 + cm2 82.2 8?.C 25.? 3 N1m2 , m %lobal Aode connection 2 to 8 2 to 1 1 to 8 B0 0 185

'egree

:.Be 10 2.59 20.Ce10 2.59 20.Ce10 8.5B

21. 'erive the shape function for a 2 noded beam element and a 8 noded bar element. [AU, Nov / Dec 2008]

22. <hy are higher order elements needed= 'etermine the shape functions of an eight noded rectangular element. [AU, Nov / Dec 2007]

23. 'erive the shape functions for a 2' beam element. [AU, Nov / Dec 2007] 24. 'erive the shape functions for a 2' truss element. [AU, Nov / Dec 2007] 25. 'erive the interpolation function for the one dimensional linear element with a length DL# and two nodes, one at each end, designated as Di# and E \$#. +ssume the origin of the coordinate system is to the left of node D%#. [AU, April / May 2010]

Figure shows the o!e\$di e!sio!al li!ear ele e!t 26. %enerate the stiffness matri- of a 2 noded pristmatic bar with one degree of freedom at each node. [AU, Nov / Dec 2010]

27. 'erive the consistent load vector for a fi-ed beam sub5ected to uniformly distributed load throughout. 6se the shape functions corresponding to two degree freedom at each of the two nodes of the element. +-ial deformations can be neglected. [AU, Nov / Dec 2010]

28. The temperature at the four corners of a four F noded rectangle are T 1, T2 T8 and T9. 'etermine the consistent load vector for a 2\$' analysis, aimed to [AU, Nov / Dec - 2007] determine the thermal stresses.

29. #ind the temperature at a point P 1,1.5) inside the triangular element shown with the nodal temperatures given as &1 " 900*, &' = 890C, and &( " 9:0C. +lso determine the location of the 920C contour line for the triangular element shown in figure below. [AU, April / May - 2008]

@ 1,8) .H 4 0,0) G 2,0)

30. #ind the e-pression for nodal vector in a *>T element shown in figure sub5ected to pressures P-1 on side 1. y [AU, Nov / Dec 2008]

2 1 8 31. 'etermine the shape functions for a constant strain triangular *>T) element in terms of natural coordinate system. [AU, Nov / Dec 2008] P-1

32. *alculate the element stiffness matri- and thermal force vector for the plane stress element shown in figure below. The element e-periences a rise of 100*.

1,8)

) E

" = " "

5 mm 9 * 1 5 - 1 0 N /m m 0 .2 5 \$: : - 10

0,0)

2,0)

33. #or the constant strain triangular element shown in figure below, assemble the strain F displacement matri-. Ta&e ) " 20 mm and E = * - 105 N/mm*. [AU, Nov / Dec - 2007]

34. +naly/e the truss in figure and evaluate the stress resultants in member 2). +ssume area of cross section of all the members is same. 3 " 2 I 105 A 1 mm2

[AU, Nov / Dec - 2010]

35. The nodal coordinates of the triangular element are shown in figure. +t the interior point JHK the - coordinate is 8.8 and A1" 0.8. 'etermine the A2, A8 and y coordinate of JHK

36. 3-plain the terms +,an- !)r-!! and +,an- !)ra%n problems. %ive the constitutive laws for these cases. [AU, Nov / Dec 2007]

37. 'erive the equations of equilibrium in the case of a three dimensional system. [AU, Nov / Dec 2007, Nov / Dec - 2007] 38. 'erive the e-pression for constitutive stress\$strain relationship and also reduce it to the problem of plane stress and plane strain. [AU, Nov / Dec - 2008]

39. 'erive the constant\$strain triangular elementKs stiffness matri- and equations. [AU, April / May 2008] 40. 'erive the linear F strain triangular elementKs stiffness matri- and equations. [AU, April / May 2008] 41. 'etermine the element stiffness matri- and the thermal load vector for the plane stress element shown in figure. The element e-periences 20 oC increase in temperature. Ta&e 2010] 3 " 15e: N/cm2, " 0.25, ) " 0.5 cm and a " :e \$ :1o C. [AU, April / May -

Figure shows Tria!gular elasti% Ele e!t

42 .#or the plane strain element shown in the figure, the nodal displacements are given as ( u1" 0.005 mm, u2 " 0.002 mm, u8"0.0mm, u9 " 0.0 mm, u5 " 0.009 +a and " 0.8. mm, u: " 0.0 mm. 'etermine the element stresses. Ta&e E " 200 6se unit thic&ness for plane strain.

Figure shows Tria!gular Ele e!t

43. #or the *>T element given below figure assemble strain displacement matri-. Ta&e ) " 20 mm, 3 " 2 -10: N/mm2.
200, 900)

[AU, Nov / Dec - 2008]

100, 100)

900, 100)

44. 'erive the e-pression for the element stiffness matri- for an a-isymmetric shell element. [AU, Nov / Dec 2007]

45. The .x,y/ co\$ordinates of nodes i,5 and & of an a-isymmetric triangular element are given by 8,9), :,5) and 5,?) cm respectively. The element displacement in cm) vector is given as 'etermine the element strains. " " L0.002, 0.001, 0.001, 0.009, \$0.008, 0.00CMT. [AU, Nov / Dec - 2009]

46. 'erive element stiffness matri- for a linear isoparametric quadrilateral element. [AU, April / May 2008] 47. 'istinguish between subparametric and superparametric elements. [AU, Nov / Dec 2009] 48. The *artesian global) coordinates of the corner nodes of a quadrilateral element are given by 0,\$1), \$2, 8), 2, 9) and 5, 8). #ind the coordinate transformation between the global and local natural) coordinates. 6sing this, determine the *artesian coordinates of the point defined by r,!) " 0.5, 0.5) in the global coordinate system. 2009] 49. The *artesian global) coordinates of the corner nodes of an isoparametric quadrilateral element are given by 1,0), 2,0), 2.5,1.5) and 1.5,1). #ind its Gacobian matri-. 50. <rite short notes on [AU, Nov / Dec 2009] [AU, Nov / Dec 2008] [AU, Nov / Dec

i) 6niqueness of mapping of isoparametric elements. ii)Gacobian matri-. iii) %aussian Nuadrature integration technique.

51.

4ntegrate

2,9 s 1,1

9,5

1

52. 3valuate the integral I = 2 + x + x 2 ) dx and compare with e-act results.

1

[AU, Nov / Dec 2009] 53. 6se %auss quadrature rule n"2) to numerically integrate [AU, Nov / Dec 2008]

xydxdy
0 0

55. 6sing natural coordinates derive the shape function for a linear quadrilateral element. [AU, Nov / Dec 2008]

56. 3stablish the strain F displacement matri- for the linear quadrilateral element as shown in figure below at %auss point r " 0.5CC85 and ! " \$5CC85. [AU, Nov / Dec 2007]

57. 6se %aussian quadrature to obtain an e-act value of the integral. [AU, April / May 2010]
I =
1 1

r 8 1) ! 1) 2

drd!.

1 1

58. *ompute element matrices and vectors for the elements shown in figure when the edge &5 e-periences convection heat loss. [AU, Nov / Dec 2009]

59. <rite the mathermatical formulation for a steady state heat transfer conduction problem and derive the stiffness and force matrices for the same. [AU, Nov / Dec 2008] 60. The temperature at the four corners of a four F noded rectangle are T 1, T2 T8 and T9. 'etermine the consistent load vector for a 2\$' analysis, aimed to [AU, Nov / Dec - 2007] determine the thermal stresses.