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WEEK 3 THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF METAL
Last Updated:14 February 2014
© LMS SEGi College
and the atoms arrange themselves in some regular pattern.From liquid to solid A pure metal solidifies at a fixed single temperature. .
Metal crystals .
Miller Indices • Plane Indices .
showing how the  direction is defined. The lower part of the figure shows the family of (111) directions. .• Direction indices Figure: Direction indices for identifying crystal directions.
• The nucleus of each crystal will be a single unit of the appropriate crystal lattice. in the case of a metal with a bodycentred cubic lattice.Dendritic solidification • When the temperature of a molten pure metal falls below its freezing point. crystallisation will begin. . nine atoms will come together to form a single unit and this will grow as further atoms join the lattice structure. • For example.
.Figure: The nucleus of a metallic crystal (in this case a body-centred cubic structure).
The early stages in the growth of a metallic dendrite. .
The dendritic solidification of a metal .
.The influence of cooling rates on crystal size • The rate at which a molten metal is cooling as it reaches the freezing temperature affects the size of the crystals which form. Zones of different crystal forms in an ingot.
Last Updated:14 February 2014 © LMS SEGi College 11 .A. 2006.References R. 4th Editions. Higgins. Materials for Engineers and Technicians. Butterworth-Heinemann.